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Test: Determination of Income and Employment- Assertion & Reason Type Questions - Commerce MCQ


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12 Questions MCQ Test Economics Class 12 - Test: Determination of Income and Employment- Assertion & Reason Type Questions

Test: Determination of Income and Employment- Assertion & Reason Type Questions for Commerce 2024 is part of Economics Class 12 preparation. The Test: Determination of Income and Employment- Assertion & Reason Type Questions questions and answers have been prepared according to the Commerce exam syllabus.The Test: Determination of Income and Employment- Assertion & Reason Type Questions MCQs are made for Commerce 2024 Exam. Find important definitions, questions, notes, meanings, examples, exercises, MCQs and online tests for Test: Determination of Income and Employment- Assertion & Reason Type Questions below.
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Test: Determination of Income and Employment- Assertion & Reason Type Questions - Question 1

Directions : In the following questions, a statement of Assertion (A) is followed by a statement of Reason (R). Mark the correct choice as:

Assertion (A): Aggregate Demand is expressed in terms of total expenditure made in the economy.

Reason (R): Aggregate Demand constitutes of Consumption Expenditure, Investment Expenditure, Government Expenditure and Net Exports.

Detailed Solution for Test: Determination of Income and Employment- Assertion & Reason Type Questions - Question 1
Aggregate Demand refers to the value of final goods and services which all sectors of an economy are planning to buy during a year.
Test: Determination of Income and Employment- Assertion & Reason Type Questions - Question 2

Directions : In the following questions, a statement of Assertion (A) is followed by a statement of Reason (R). Mark the correct choice as:

Assertion (A): Private Consumption Expenditure is determined by the level of personal disposable income of the economy.

Reason (R): The total demand for all goods or services by the household in an economy during an accounting year, is termed as Private Consumption Expenditure.

Detailed Solution for Test: Determination of Income and Employment- Assertion & Reason Type Questions - Question 2
Private consumption expenditure measures consumer spending on goods and services.
Test: Determination of Income and Employment- Assertion & Reason Type Questions - Question 3

Directions : In the following questions, a statement of Assertion (A) is followed by a statement of Reason (R). Mark the correct choice as:

Assertion (A): Full employment is the situation where all those workers who are able to work and willing to work get employment at the prevailing wage rate.

Reason (R): The situation of full employment is achieved only when the economy is in equilibrium.

Detailed Solution for Test: Determination of Income and Employment- Assertion & Reason Type Questions - Question 3
Full employment equilibrium refers to a situation when equilibrium is attained i.e., aggregate demand is equal to aggregate supply at full employment level.
Test: Determination of Income and Employment- Assertion & Reason Type Questions - Question 4

Directions : In the following questions, a statement of Assertion (A) is followed by a statement of Reason (R). Mark the correct choice as:

Assertion (A): If AD>AS, the firm will employ more factors of production.

Reason (R): When AD is more, in order to get back to the equilibrium level the economy bringing AD equal to AS.

Detailed Solution for Test: Determination of Income and Employment- Assertion & Reason Type Questions - Question 4
In response to the increase in the price level, producers create more goods and services. This continues until the amount of aggregate production equals the amount of aggregate demand. As prices fall, the amount of aggregate demand increases and the economy returns to equilibrium.
Test: Determination of Income and Employment- Assertion & Reason Type Questions - Question 5

Directions : In the following questions, a statement of Assertion (A) is followed by a statement of Reason (R). Mark the correct choice as:

Assertion (A): There is an inverse relationship between the value of marginal propensity to save and investment multiplier.

Reason (R): Saving is a leakage in the circular flow of income. Greater the saving, greater the leakage and lower the value of investment multiplier.

Detailed Solution for Test: Determination of Income and Employment- Assertion & Reason Type Questions - Question 5
Higher the MPS, lower the multiplier and lower the MPS, higher the multiplier, as K=1/MPS.
Test: Determination of Income and Employment- Assertion & Reason Type Questions - Question 6

Directions : In the following questions, a statement of Assertion (A) is followed by a statement of Reason (R). Mark the correct choice as:

Assertion (A): The minimum value of investment multiplier is equal to one.

Reason (R): The minimum value of investment multiplier is 1, when MPC is 0 and MPC can never be negative.

Detailed Solution for Test: Determination of Income and Employment- Assertion & Reason Type Questions - Question 6

K = 1/1 – MPC

= 1/1 – 0 = 1

Test: Determination of Income and Employment- Assertion & Reason Type Questions - Question 7

Directions : In the following questions, a statement of Assertion (A) is followed by a statement of Reason (R). Mark the correct choice as:

Assertion (A): Aggregate demand refers to planned purchase of goods and services during a year.

Reason (R): AD is the sum total of expenditure that the people plan or desire to incur on the purchase of goods and services produced in an economy during an accounting year.

Detailed Solution for Test: Determination of Income and Employment- Assertion & Reason Type Questions - Question 7
Aggregate expenditure is the current value of all the finished goods and services in the economy. The equation for aggregate expenditure is: AE = C + I + G + NX. The aggregate expenditure equals the sum of the household consumption (C), investments (I), government spending (G), and net exports (NX).
Test: Determination of Income and Employment- Assertion & Reason Type Questions - Question 8

Directions : In the following questions, a statement of Assertion (A) is followed by a statement of Reason (R). Mark the correct choice as:

Assertion (A): When income is zero, consumption is also zero.

Reason (R): There is always some minimum level of consumption in the economy even when income is zero.

Detailed Solution for Test: Determination of Income and Employment- Assertion & Reason Type Questions - Question 8
When income is zero, consumption is not zero as there is always some minimum level of consumption in the economy.
Test: Determination of Income and Employment- Assertion & Reason Type Questions - Question 9

Directions : In the following questions, a statement of Assertion (A) is followed by a statement of Reason (R). Mark the correct choice as:

Assertion (A): If S>I, then equilibrium income will have a tendency to reduce.

Reason (R): As according to Keynes, the income employment equilibrium is determined at the point where investments and savings are equal.

Detailed Solution for Test: Determination of Income and Employment- Assertion & Reason Type Questions - Question 9
In the Keynesian analysis, the equilibrium level of employment and income is determined at the point of equality between saving and investment. Saving is a function of income, i.e. S = f (Y). It is defined as the excess of income over consumption, S=Y-C and income is equal to consumption plus investment.
Test: Determination of Income and Employment- Assertion & Reason Type Questions - Question 10

Directions : In the following questions, a statement of Assertion (A) is followed by a statement of Reason (R). Mark the correct choice as:

Assertion (A): AS increases proportionate to the increase in AD so long as there is excess capacity in the economy.

Reason (R): Excess capacity arises because of excess supply.

Detailed Solution for Test: Determination of Income and Employment- Assertion & Reason Type Questions - Question 10
Excess capacity arises because of deficiency of demand.
Test: Determination of Income and Employment- Assertion & Reason Type Questions - Question 11

Directions : In the following questions, a statement of Assertion (A) is followed by a statement of Reason (R). Mark the correct choice as:

Assertion (A): Saving and investment are always equal.

Reason (R): Planned S and Planned I are equal only at equilibrium level.

Detailed Solution for Test: Determination of Income and Employment- Assertion & Reason Type Questions - Question 11
Saving (S) and Investment (I) can be realized (ex-post) and planned (ex-ante). Planned S and Planned I are equal only at equilibrium level. Realized S and realized I are always equal.
Test: Determination of Income and Employment- Assertion & Reason Type Questions - Question 12

Directions : In the following questions, a statement of Assertion (A) is followed by a statement of Reason (R). Mark the correct choice as:

Assertion (A): The maximum value of investment multiplier is equal to infinity.

Reason (R): The maximum value of investment multiplier is ∞, when MPC is 1, i.e., whole additional income is converted into additional consumption.

Detailed Solution for Test: Determination of Income and Employment- Assertion & Reason Type Questions - Question 12
K = 1/1 – MPC

= 1/1 – 1

= 1/0 = ∞

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