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Test: Equality- Case Based Type Questions - Humanities/Arts MCQ


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12 Questions MCQ Test Political Science Class 11 - Test: Equality- Case Based Type Questions

Test: Equality- Case Based Type Questions for Humanities/Arts 2024 is part of Political Science Class 11 preparation. The Test: Equality- Case Based Type Questions questions and answers have been prepared according to the Humanities/Arts exam syllabus.The Test: Equality- Case Based Type Questions MCQs are made for Humanities/Arts 2024 Exam. Find important definitions, questions, notes, meanings, examples, exercises, MCQs and online tests for Test: Equality- Case Based Type Questions below.
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Test: Equality- Case Based Type Questions - Question 1

Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions that follow:

The fact is that in the spheres of education and health care India has done far less for its deprived population than what is their due. Inequalities in school education are glaring. Many poor children in rural areas or urban slums have little chance of attending schools. If they do get the chance, their schools have little to offer that would be comparable to the facilities available in elite schools. The inequalities with which children enter school tend to continue to hamper their chances to improve their qualifications or get good jobs. These students face hurdles in gaining admission to elite professional courses because they lack the means to pay for special coaching. The fees for professional courses also may be prohibitively high. Consequently, they cannot compete on equal terms with the more privileged sections.

Q. These students face hurdles in gaining admission to elite professional courses because:

Detailed Solution for Test: Equality- Case Based Type Questions - Question 1
These students face hurdles in gaining admission to elite professional courses because they lack the means to pay for special coaching. The fees for professional courses also may be prohibitively high.
Test: Equality- Case Based Type Questions - Question 2

Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions that follow:

The fact is that in the spheres of education and health care India has done far less for its deprived population than what is their due. Inequalities in school education are glaring. Many poor children in rural areas or urban slums have little chance of attending schools. If they do get the chance, their schools have little to offer that would be comparable to the facilities available in elite schools. The inequalities with which children enter school tend to continue to hamper their chances to improve their qualifications or get good jobs. These students face hurdles in gaining admission to elite professional courses because they lack the means to pay for special coaching. The fees for professional courses also may be prohibitively high. Consequently, they cannot compete on equal terms with the more privileged sections.

Q. __________ are not getting by many of the poor population.

Detailed Solution for Test: Equality- Case Based Type Questions - Question 2
Education and health care are not getting by many of the poor population. Some population groups living in poverty may have more adverse health outcomes than others. For example, the risk for chronic conditions such as heart disease, diabetes, and obesity is higher among those with the lowest income and education levels.
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Test: Equality- Case Based Type Questions - Question 3

Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions that follow:

The fact is that in the spheres of education and health care India has done far less for its deprived population than what is their due. Inequalities in school education are glaring. Many poor children in rural areas or urban slums have little chance of attending schools. If they do get the chance, their schools have little to offer that would be comparable to the facilities available in elite schools. The inequalities with which children enter school tend to continue to hamper their chances to improve their qualifications or get good jobs. These students face hurdles in gaining admission to elite professional courses because they lack the means to pay for special coaching. The fees for professional courses also may be prohibitively high. Consequently, they cannot compete on equal terms with the more privileged sections.

Q. These social and economic inequalities hinder:

Detailed Solution for Test: Equality- Case Based Type Questions - Question 3
Effects of income inequality, researchers have found, include higher rates of health and social problems, and lower rates of social goods, a lower population-wide satisfaction and happiness and even a lower level of economic growth when human capital is neglected for high-end consumption.
Test: Equality- Case Based Type Questions - Question 4

Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions that follow:

The fact is that in the spheres of education and health care India has done far less for its deprived population than what is their due. Inequalities in school education are glaring. Many poor children in rural areas or urban slums have little chance of attending schools. If they do get the chance, their schools have little to offer that would be comparable to the facilities available in elite schools. The inequalities with which children enter school tend to continue to hamper their chances to improve their qualifications or get good jobs. These students face hurdles in gaining admission to elite professional courses because they lack the means to pay for special coaching. The fees for professional courses also may be prohibitively high. Consequently, they cannot compete on equal terms with the more privileged sections.

Q. Inequalities in _______ education are harsh.

Detailed Solution for Test: Equality- Case Based Type Questions - Question 4
Unequal educational outcomes are attributed to several variables, including family of origin, gender, and social class. Achievement, earnings, health status, school, college and political participation also contribute to educational inequality within the United States and other countries.
Test: Equality- Case Based Type Questions - Question 5

Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions that follow:

Many of these issues relating to the pursuit of equality have been raised by the women's movement. In the nineteenth century, women struggled for equal rights. They demanded, for instance, the right to vote, the right to receive degrees in colleges and universities and the right to work — that is, the same rights as the men in their society. However, as they entered the job market, they realised that women required special facilities in order to exercise these rights. For instance, they required some provision for maternity leave and creches in the workplace. Without special considerations of this kind, they cannot have a successful professional and personal life. They needed, in other words, sometimes to be treated differently if they are to enjoy the same rights as men.

Q. State one step that can be taken to meet the demands of women’s movements.

Detailed Solution for Test: Equality- Case Based Type Questions - Question 5
One step that can be taken to meet the demands of women’s movements is provision for maternity leave.
Test: Equality- Case Based Type Questions - Question 6

Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions that follow:

Many of these issues relating to the pursuit of equality have been raised by the women's movement. In the nineteenth century, women struggled for equal rights. They demanded, for instance, the right to vote, the right to receive degrees in colleges and universities and the right to work — that is, the same rights as the men in their society. However, as they entered the job market, they realised that women required special facilities in order to exercise these rights. For instance, they required some provision for maternity leave and creches in the workplace. Without special considerations of this kind, they cannot have a successful professional and personal life. They needed, in other words, sometimes to be treated differently if they are to enjoy the same rights as men.

Q. What led to the rise in Women's movements?

Detailed Solution for Test: Equality- Case Based Type Questions - Question 6
After being barred from speaking at an anti-slavery convention, Americans Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Lucretia Mott brought together hundreds of people in Seneca Falls, New York. There, they demanded civil, political and religious rights for women, and kicked-off the women's suffrage movement in the United States.
Test: Equality- Case Based Type Questions - Question 7

Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions that follow:

Many of these issues relating to the pursuit of equality have been raised by the women's movement. In the nineteenth century, women struggled for equal rights. They demanded, for instance, the right to vote, the right to receive degrees in colleges and universities and the right to work — that is, the same rights as the men in their society. However, as they entered the job market, they realised that women required special facilities in order to exercise these rights. For instance, they required some provision for maternity leave and creches in the workplace. Without special considerations of this kind, they cannot have a successful professional and personal life. They needed, in other words, sometimes to be treated differently if they are to enjoy the same rights as men.

Q. In the _____________ century women struggled for equal rights.

Detailed Solution for Test: Equality- Case Based Type Questions - Question 7
White middle-class first wave feminists in the 19th century to early 20th century, such as suffragist leaders Elizabeth Cady Stanton and Susan B. Anthony, primarily focused on women's suffrage (the right to vote), striking down coverture laws, and gaining access to education and employment.
Test: Equality- Case Based Type Questions - Question 8

Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions that follow:

Many of these issues relating to the pursuit of equality have been raised by the women's movement. In the nineteenth century, women struggled for equal rights. They demanded, for instance, the right to vote, the right to receive degrees in colleges and universities and the right to work — that is, the same rights as the men in their society. However, as they entered the job market, they realised that women required special facilities in order to exercise these rights. For instance, they required some provision for maternity leave and creches in the workplace. Without special considerations of this kind, they cannot have a successful professional and personal life. They needed, in other words, sometimes to be treated differently if they are to enjoy the same rights as men.

Q. List one of the general demands of women’s movements.

Detailed Solution for Test: Equality- Case Based Type Questions - Question 8
  • Right to Education.

  • Equal pay.

  • Equal educational and job opportunities.

  • Free contraception and abortion on demand.

  • Free 24-hour nurseries.

Test: Equality- Case Based Type Questions - Question 9

Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions that follow:

While reflecting on the issue of equality a distinction must also be made between treating everyone in an identical manner and treating everyone as equals. The latter may on occasions need different treatment but in all such cases the primary consideration is to promote equality. Different or special treatment may be considered to realise the goal of equality but it requires justification and careful reflection. Since different treatment for different communities was part and parcel of the caste system and practices like apartheid, liberals are usually very wary of deviations from the norm of identical treatment.

Q. What is the meaning of special treatment?

Detailed Solution for Test: Equality- Case Based Type Questions - Question 9
Equality commonly refers to the idea of equal treatment. As a political ideal the concept of equality invokes the idea that all human beings have an equal worth regardless of their colour, gender, race, or nationality. Due to common humanity, human beings deserve equal consideration and respect.
Test: Equality- Case Based Type Questions - Question 10

Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions that follow:

While reflecting on the issue of equality a distinction must also be made between treating everyone in an identical manner and treating everyone as equals. The latter may on occasions need different treatment but in all such cases the primary consideration is to promote equality. Different or special treatment may be considered to realise the goal of equality but it requires justification and careful reflection. Since different treatment for different communities was part and parcel of the caste system and practices like apartheid, liberals are usually very wary of deviations from the norm of identical treatment.

Q. What does the passage refer to?

Detailed Solution for Test: Equality- Case Based Type Questions - Question 10
Passage refers to Promotion of equality while treating differently.
Test: Equality- Case Based Type Questions - Question 11

Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions that follow:

While reflecting on the issue of equality a distinction must also be made between treating everyone in an identical manner and treating everyone as equals. The latter may on occasions need different treatment but in all such cases the primary consideration is to promote equality. Different or special treatment may be considered to realise the goal of equality but it requires justification and careful reflection. Since different treatment for different communities was part and parcel of the caste system and practices like apartheid, liberals are usually very wary of deviations from the norm of identical treatment.

Q. Different or special treatment may be considered to realise the goal of ______________.

Detailed Solution for Test: Equality- Case Based Type Questions - Question 11
Differential or special treatment may be considered to realise the goal of equality but it requires justification and careful reflection.
Test: Equality- Case Based Type Questions - Question 12

Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions that follow:

While reflecting on the issue of equality a distinction must also be made between treating everyone in an identical manner and treating everyone as equals. The latter may on occasions need different treatment but in all such cases the primary consideration is to promote equality. Different or special treatment may be considered to realise the goal of equality but it requires justification and careful reflection. Since different treatment for different communities was part and parcel of the caste system and practices like apartheid, liberals are usually very wary of deviations from the norm of identical treatment.

Q. What distinction should be made while dealing with different phases of equality?

Detailed Solution for Test: Equality- Case Based Type Questions - Question 12
While reflecting on the issue of equality, a distinction must also be made between treating everyone in an identical manner and treating everyone as equals. Differential or special treatment may be considered to realise the goal of equality but it requires justification and careful reflection.
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