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Test: Equality - UPSC MCQ


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10 Questions MCQ Test Indian Polity for UPSC CSE - Test: Equality

Test: Equality for UPSC 2024 is part of Indian Polity for UPSC CSE preparation. The Test: Equality questions and answers have been prepared according to the UPSC exam syllabus.The Test: Equality MCQs are made for UPSC 2024 Exam. Find important definitions, questions, notes, meanings, examples, exercises, MCQs and online tests for Test: Equality below.
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Test: Equality - Question 1

Which political slogan was utilized during the French Revolution to challenge the existing social hierarchy and monarchy?

Detailed Solution for Test: Equality - Question 1

The slogan "Liberty, Equality, and Fraternity" was famously employed by the French revolutionaries during the French Revolution to signify their opposition to the entrenched social disparities and the monarchy. This motto encapsulated their aspirations for liberty, equality among individuals, and a sense of brotherhood or fraternity among the people.

Test: Equality - Question 2

Why is the notion of equality deemed essential despite the prevalence of visible inequalities in society?

Detailed Solution for Test: Equality - Question 2

Equality is considered crucial because it upholds the shared humanity and worth of every individual, irrespective of their background or circumstances. It serves as a foundational principle that emphasizes the inherent value and dignity of all human beings, promoting respect and consideration for each person.

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Test: Equality - Question 3

In what context is the question of equality often debated in social and political theory?

Detailed Solution for Test: Equality - Question 3

The discussion on equality frequently revolves around the implications of treating all individuals in the same way. This debate delves into the nuances of fairness, justice, and the appropriate allocation of resources and opportunities within a society, considering whether uniform treatment is always the most equitable approach.

Test: Equality - Question 4

What is the core idea behind the concept of equality?

Detailed Solution for Test: Equality - Question 4

The text emphasizes that the concept of equality involves acknowledging the varied talents and contributions of individuals within society. It does not imply uniformity but rather recognizing and respecting the diverse qualities and capabilities that people bring to the community.

Test: Equality - Question 5

Which scenario would most likely be perceived as an example of unfair inequality?

Detailed Solution for Test: Equality - Question 5

The text highlights that denying a child nutritious food or good education through no fault of their own, such as a child born in a slum, would be perceived as unfair inequality. This example underscores the notion that inequalities based on factors beyond an individual's control, like their birth circumstances, are unjust and undermine the principle of equality.

Test: Equality - Question 6

What does the concept of equality entail?

Detailed Solution for Test: Equality - Question 6

The concept of equality, as discussed in the text, involves treating all human beings with equal respect and consideration due to their common humanity. It does not necessarily mean treating everyone in an identical way in all situations but rather ensuring that all individuals are entitled to the same respect and consideration. This fundamental idea of equality does not imply the elimination of all differences but rather focuses on ensuring that the treatment and opportunities individuals receive are not predetermined by their birth or social circumstances.

Test: Equality - Question 7

In what context does the text suggest that treating individuals differently may be acceptable?

Detailed Solution for Test: Equality - Question 7

The text indicates that it is acceptable for individuals to be treated differently when they pursue different ambitions and goals, and as a result, achieve varying levels of success. Not all individuals will excel in the same areas, such as becoming musicians or scientists, but as long as individuals are able to develop their best selves, this diversity in achievements does not undermine the principle of equality.

Test: Equality - Question 8

What is emphasized as the core principle behind the commitment to the ideal of equality?

Detailed Solution for Test: Equality - Question 8

The text underscores that the commitment to the ideal of equality does not entail eradicating all forms of differences but rather ensuring that the treatment individuals receive and the opportunities they enjoy are not pre-determined by their birth or social circumstances. This principle emphasizes the importance of providing individuals with equal respect and consideration regardless of their background.

Test: Equality - Question 9

What distinguishes natural inequalities from socially-produced inequalities?

Detailed Solution for Test: Equality - Question 9

Natural inequalities are considered to be the result of the different characteristics and abilities with which people are born, while socially-produced inequalities emerge as a consequence of inequalities of opportunity or the exploitation of some groups in a society. This distinction helps us understand the origins of various inequalities in society.

Test: Equality - Question 10

Why might certain inequalities in society appear justifiable over time?

Detailed Solution for Test: Equality - Question 10

Certain inequalities in the treatment of people might appear justifiable over time because they are based on natural inequalities, which are characteristics that people are born with and cannot easily change. This perception can lead to the acceptance of inequalities that might otherwise be seen as unfair.

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