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Test: Era of One Party Dominance- Case Based Type Questions- 2 - Humanities/Arts MCQ


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10 Questions MCQ Test Political Science Class 12 - Test: Era of One Party Dominance- Case Based Type Questions- 2

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Test: Era of One Party Dominance- Case Based Type Questions- 2 - Question 1

Read the passage given below carefully and answer the questions that follows:

Earlier, Lal Bahadur Shastri had resigned from the position of Railway Minister accepting moral responsibility for a major railway accident. Shastri was the country’s Prime Minister from 1964 to 1966. During Shastri’s brief Prime Ministership, the country faced two major challenges. While India was still recovering from the economic implications of the war with China; failed monsoons, drought and serious food crisis presented a grave challenge. As discussed in the previous chapter, the country also faced a war with Pakistan in 1965. Shastri’s famous slogan ‘Jai Jawan, Jai Kisan’, symbolised the country’s resolve to face both these challenges. Shastri’s Prime Ministership came to an abrupt end on 10 January, 1966, when he suddenly expired in Tashkent, then in USSR and currently the capital of Uzbekistan. He was there to discuss and sign an agreement with Muhammad Ayub Khan, the then President of Pakistan, to end the war.

Q. Why Shastri resigned from the position of Railway Minister?

Detailed Solution for Test: Era of One Party Dominance- Case Based Type Questions- 2 - Question 1
Shastri ji was a Railway Minister under Jawaharlal Nehru’s cabinet. He gave his resignation when in August, 1956 a major railway accident happened in Mahabubnagar, Andhra Pradesh.
Test: Era of One Party Dominance- Case Based Type Questions- 2 - Question 2

Read the passage given below carefully and answer the questions that follows:

Earlier, Lal Bahadur Shastri had resigned from the position of Railway Minister accepting moral responsibility for a major railway accident. Shastri was the country’s Prime Minister from 1964 to 1966. During Shastri’s brief Prime Ministership, the country faced two major challenges. While India was still recovering from the economic implications of the war with China; failed monsoons, drought and serious food crisis presented a grave challenge. As discussed in the previous chapter, the country also faced a war with Pakistan in 1965. Shastri’s famous slogan ‘Jai Jawan, Jai Kisan’, symbolised the country’s resolve to face both these challenges. Shastri’s Prime Ministership came to an abrupt end on 10 January, 1966, when he suddenly expired in Tashkent, then in USSR and currently the capital of Uzbekistan. He was there to discuss and sign an agreement with Muhammad Ayub Khan, the then President of Pakistan, to end the war.

Q. What two major crises India faced during Shastri’s tenure?

Detailed Solution for Test: Era of One Party Dominance- Case Based Type Questions- 2 - Question 2
Two major challenges faced by India during Shastri’s tenure as a Prime Minister are as follows –
  • India was still recovering from the economic implications that arose from the war with China in 1962.

  • The unstable economic condition was further intensified due to failed monsoons which resulted in droughts across the country and a serious food crisis.

Test: Era of One Party Dominance- Case Based Type Questions- 2 - Question 3

Read the following excerpt and answer the questions that follows: The dramatic nature of the political change would be more apparent to you at the State level. The Congress lost majority in as many as seven States. In two other States, defections prevented it from forming a government. These nine States where the Congress lost power were spread across the country – Punjab, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Bihar, West Bengal, Orissa, Madras and Kerala. In Madras State (now called Tamil Nadu), a regional party — the Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK) – came to power by securing a clear majority. The DMK won power after having led a massive anti-Hindi agitation by students against the centre on the issue of imposition of Hindi as the official language. This was the first time, any non-Congress party had secured a majority of its own in any State. In the other eight States, coalition governments consisting of different non-Congress parties were formed. A popular saying was that one could take a train from Delhi to Howrah and not pass through a single Congress ruled State. It was a strange feeling for those who were used to seeing the Congress in power.

Q. What is the current name of Madras?

Detailed Solution for Test: Era of One Party Dominance- Case Based Type Questions- 2 - Question 3
Chennai was previously called Madras. Madras was the shortened name of the fishing village Madraspatnam, where the British East India Company built a fort and factory (trading post) in 1639–40. Tamil Nadu officially changed the name of the city to Chennai in 1996.
Test: Era of One Party Dominance- Case Based Type Questions- 2 - Question 4

Read the following excerpt and answer the questions that follows: The dramatic nature of the political change would be more apparent to you at the State level. The Congress lost majority in as many as seven States. In two other States, defections prevented it from forming a government. These nine States where the Congress lost power were spread across the country – Punjab, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Bihar, West Bengal, Orissa, Madras and Kerala. In Madras State (now called Tamil Nadu), a regional party — the Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK) – came to power by securing a clear majority. The DMK won power after having led a massive anti-Hindi agitation by students against the centre on the issue of imposition of Hindi as the official language. This was the first time, any non-Congress party had secured a majority of its own in any State. In the other eight States, coalition governments consisting of different non-Congress parties were formed. A popular saying was that one could take a train from Delhi to Howrah and not pass through a single Congress ruled State. It was a strange feeling for those who were used to seeing the Congress in power.

Q. In how many states a coalition government of non congress parties were formed?

Test: Era of One Party Dominance- Case Based Type Questions- 2 - Question 5

Read the following excerpt and answer the questions that follows: The dramatic nature of the political change would be more apparent to you at the State level. The Congress lost majority in as many as seven States. In two other States, defections prevented it from forming a government. These nine States where the Congress lost power were spread across the country – Punjab, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Bihar, West Bengal, Orissa, Madras and Kerala. In Madras State (now called Tamil Nadu), a regional party — the Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK) – came to power by securing a clear majority. The DMK won power after having led a massive anti-Hindi agitation by students against the centre on the issue of imposition of Hindi as the official language. This was the first time, any non-Congress party had secured a majority of its own in any State. In the other eight States, coalition governments consisting of different non-Congress parties were formed. A popular saying was that one could take a train from Delhi to Howrah and not pass through a single Congress ruled State. It was a strange feeling for those who were used to seeing the Congress in power.

Q. In how many states Congress lost the majority?

Detailed Solution for Test: Era of One Party Dominance- Case Based Type Questions- 2 - Question 5
In 1967 Assembly polls, the Congress did not get a majority in the states of Punjab, Delhi, Uttar Pradesh, Bihar, West Bengal. Orissa, Goa, Kerala and Madras. In Rajasthan it did not get a majority but formed a government with help from others.
Test: Era of One Party Dominance- Case Based Type Questions- 2 - Question 6

Read the following excerpt and answer the questions that follows: The dramatic nature of the political change would be more apparent to you at the State level. The Congress lost majority in as many as seven States. In two other States, defections prevented it from forming a government. These nine States where the Congress lost power were spread across the country – Punjab, Haryana, Uttar Pradesh, Madhya Pradesh, Bihar, West Bengal, Orissa, Madras and Kerala. In Madras State (now called Tamil Nadu), a regional party — the Dravida Munnetra Kazhagam (DMK) – came to power by securing a clear majority. The DMK won power after having led a massive anti-Hindi agitation by students against the centre on the issue of imposition of Hindi as the official language. This was the first time, any non-Congress party had secured a majority of its own in any State. In the other eight States, coalition governments consisting of different non-Congress parties were formed. A popular saying was that one could take a train from Delhi to Howrah and not pass through a single Congress ruled State. It was a strange feeling for those who were used to seeing the Congress in power.

Q. On what agenda DMK came into power in Tamil Nadu?

Detailed Solution for Test: Era of One Party Dominance- Case Based Type Questions- 2 - Question 6
In a letter to the Prime Minister, Palaniswamy had stated that Tamil Nadu was against the imposition of Hindi as a compulsory third language in schools. He also opposed the promotion of Sanskrit.
Test: Era of One Party Dominance- Case Based Type Questions- 2 - Question 7

Read the paragraph given below and answer the questions that follows:

India’s grand old party, the Congress, faced its first major split as the old guard led by party President, S. Nijalingappa expelled Prime Minister Indira Gandhi from the party for “fostering a cult of personality”. The “Syndicate”, as the senior members were called, could not quite come to terms with the fact that the “Gungi Gudiya” (dumb doll)-their snide reference for Indira-had a mind of her own. The break was complete when Indira after proposing N. Sanjeeva Reddy’s name for presidentship asked Congressmen to “vote according to their conscience”. V. V. Giri, the rebel Congress candidate won. When the communal temperature was at its peak in India, the country had a Muslim President and a Muslim Chief Justice of the Supreme Court. After serving as vicepresident to the great Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan for five years, Zakir Hussain, an academic and former vice-chancellor of the Aligarh Muslim University, became the philosopher scholar’s successor at Rashtrapati Bhavan in 1967. Hussain, however, had one of the briefest terms as the country’s president as he died less than two years later. He was also the first Indian president to die in office.

Q. Whose name was proposed for president by Indira Gandhi?

Detailed Solution for Test: Era of One Party Dominance- Case Based Type Questions- 2 - Question 7

Neelam Sanjiva Reddy was elected on 21 July 1977 and was sworn in as the sixth President of India on 25 July 1977. Reddy worked with three governments, with Prime Ministers Morarji Desai, Charan Singh and Indira Gandhi.

Test: Era of One Party Dominance- Case Based Type Questions- 2 - Question 8

Read the paragraph given below and answer the questions that follows:

India’s grand old party, the Congress, faced its first major split as the old guard led by party President, S. Nijalingappa expelled Prime Minister Indira Gandhi from the party for “fostering a cult of personality”. The “Syndicate”, as the senior members were called, could not quite come to terms with the fact that the “Gungi Gudiya” (dumb doll)-their snide reference for Indira-had a mind of her own. The break was complete when Indira after proposing N. Sanjeeva Reddy’s name for presidentship asked Congressmen to “vote according to their conscience”. V. V. Giri, the rebel Congress candidate won. When the communal temperature was at its peak in India, the country had a Muslim President and a Muslim Chief Justice of the Supreme Court. After serving as vicepresident to the great Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan for five years, Zakir Hussain, an academic and former vice-chancellor of the Aligarh Muslim University, became the philosopher scholar’s successor at Rashtrapati Bhavan in 1967. Hussain, however, had one of the briefest terms as the country’s president as he died less than two years later. He was also the first Indian president to die in office.

Q. Who was the first president to die in office?

Detailed Solution for Test: Era of One Party Dominance- Case Based Type Questions- 2 - Question 8
Dr. Zakir Hussain, was the first Indian President to die in office before completing his term. He was the Third President of India. On 9 May 1967, he was declared elected as the Head of the State and was formally sworn in as the President of the Indian Republic four days later. He breathed his last on the morning of 3 May 1969.
Test: Era of One Party Dominance- Case Based Type Questions- 2 - Question 9

Read the paragraph given below and answer the questions that follows:

India’s grand old party, the Congress, faced its first major split as the old guard led by party President, S. Nijalingappa expelled Prime Minister Indira Gandhi from the party for “fostering a cult of personality”. The “Syndicate”, as the senior members were called, could not quite come to terms with the fact that the “Gungi Gudiya” (dumb doll)-their snide reference for Indira-had a mind of her own. The break was complete when Indira after proposing N. Sanjeeva Reddy’s name for presidentship asked Congressmen to “vote according to their conscience”. V. V. Giri, the rebel Congress candidate won. When the communal temperature was at its peak in India, the country had a Muslim President and a Muslim Chief Justice of the Supreme Court. After serving as vicepresident to the great Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan for five years, Zakir Hussain, an academic and former vice-chancellor of the Aligarh Muslim University, became the philosopher scholar’s successor at Rashtrapati Bhavan in 1967. Hussain, however, had one of the briefest terms as the country’s president as he died less than two years later. He was also the first Indian president to die in office.

Q. Who was called “Gungi Gudiya”?

Detailed Solution for Test: Era of One Party Dominance- Case Based Type Questions- 2 - Question 9
Indira Gandhi was called 'gungi gudiya' for the first time by former Madhya Pradesh chief minister Dwarka Prasad Mishra (former National Security Adviser Brajesh Mishra's father) after she was elected Congress's parliamentary leader in 1966.
Test: Era of One Party Dominance- Case Based Type Questions- 2 - Question 10

Read the paragraph given below and answer the questions that follows:

India’s grand old party, the Congress, faced its first major split as the old guard led by party President, S. Nijalingappa expelled Prime Minister Indira Gandhi from the party for “fostering a cult of personality”. The “Syndicate”, as the senior members were called, could not quite come to terms with the fact that the “Gungi Gudiya” (dumb doll)-their snide reference for Indira-had a mind of her own. The break was complete when Indira after proposing N. Sanjeeva Reddy’s name for presidency asked Congressmen to “vote according to their conscience”. V. V. Giri, the rebel Congress candidate won. When the communal temperature was at its peak in India, the country had a Muslim President and a Muslim Chief Justice of the Supreme Court. After serving as vicepresident to the great Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan for five years, Zakir Hussain, an academic and former vice-chancellor of the Aligarh Muslim University, became the philosopher scholar’s successor at Rashtrapati Bhavan in 1967. Hussain, however, had one of the briefest terms as the country’s president as he died less than two years later. He was also the first Indian president to die in office.

Q. Who was the vice-president to Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan?

Detailed Solution for Test: Era of One Party Dominance- Case Based Type Questions- 2 - Question 10
Zakir Husain was born in Hyderabad, Telangana on 8 February 1897.[2] He became the Governor of Bihar in 1957 to 1962. Later he became the 2nd Vice President of India after Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan. He served in the post from 13 May 1962 to 12 May 1967.In 13 May 1967 he was elected as the 3rd President of India after Sarvepalli Radhakrishnan.He was the Muslim President of India.[3] But his term was short-lived. He died in New Delhi on 3 May 1969 and became the 1st President to die in office.
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