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Test: Minerals And Rocks - UPSC MCQ


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10 Questions MCQ Test Geography for UPSC CSE - Test: Minerals And Rocks

Test: Minerals And Rocks for UPSC 2024 is part of Geography for UPSC CSE preparation. The Test: Minerals And Rocks questions and answers have been prepared according to the UPSC exam syllabus.The Test: Minerals And Rocks MCQs are made for UPSC 2024 Exam. Find important definitions, questions, notes, meanings, examples, exercises, MCQs and online tests for Test: Minerals And Rocks below.
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Test: Minerals And Rocks - Question 1

The diamond mine present in the given map is

Detailed Solution for Test: Minerals And Rocks - Question 1

Russia accounts for approx. 21% of global diamond production, most of which is mined in the largest diamond mine Sakha Respublikata in Yakut (Yakutia) of Siberia.

Test: Minerals And Rocks - Question 2

The most abundant rocks found on earth's crust are

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Igneous rocks are formed from the solidification of magma, which is a hot (600 deg.C - 1300 deg.C, or 1100 deg. - 2400 deg. F) molten or partially molten rock material. The Earth is composed predominantly of a large mass of igneous rock with a very thin covering of sedimentary rock.

Igneous rocks form 95% of the upper part of the earth’s crust. Igneous rock is formed by the solidification of lava that comes out generally from volcanoes. Some examples of igneous rocks are: granite and basalt.

Test: Minerals And Rocks - Question 3

Which mineral group is abundantly found in the earth’s crust?

Detailed Solution for Test: Minerals And Rocks - Question 3

 

Silicate minerals are the most abundant mineral group in the Earth's crust, making up over 90% of it. Silicates are formed from groups of silicates and form rocks. Silicon is the second most abundant element in the Earth's crust, and it links up with oxygen to form the most common minerals on Earth. 

Test: Minerals And Rocks - Question 4

Petrology is the scientific study of

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Petrology is the study of rocks - igneous, metamorphic, and sedimentary - and the processes that form and transform them. Mineralogy is the study of the chemistry, crystal structure and physical properties of the mineral constituents of rocks.

Test: Minerals And Rocks - Question 5

Rocks that were originally either sedimentary, igneous or metamorphic and have been changed further by heat and pressure are called:

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Metamorphic rocks started out as some other type of rock, but have been substantially changed from their original igneous, sedimentary, or earlier metamorphic form. Metamorphic rocks form when rocks are subjected to high heat, high pressure, hot mineral-rich fluids or, more commonly, some combination of these factors.

Test: Minerals And Rocks - Question 6

Which process involves the transformation of sediment deposits into sedimentary rocks characterized by distinct layers?

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Lithification: This is the process where sediments are compacted and cemented together to form solid rock. It includes the processes of compaction (due to pressure from overlying sediments) and cementation (where minerals precipitate from pore fluids and bind the sediment grains together).

Test: Minerals And Rocks - Question 7

A non-metallic mineral in the following minerals is

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Coal is used as a fossil fuel and is a non-metallic mineral with dull and non-reflective properties and it cannot be moulded in any form.

Test: Minerals And Rocks - Question 8

Igneous rocks are

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The igneous rocks (Ignis – in Latin means ‘Fire’) are formed when magma cools and solidifies. As igneous rocks form out of magma and lava from the interior of the earth, they are known as primary rocks.

Test: Minerals And Rocks - Question 9

The minerals that do not contain metal contend are known as

Detailed Solution for Test: Minerals And Rocks - Question 9

The minerals that do not contain metal contend are known as non-metallic minerals. Sulphur, phosphates and nitrates are examples of non-metallic minerals.

Test: Minerals And Rocks - Question 10

Iron is a

Detailed Solution for Test: Minerals And Rocks - Question 10

Iron is a ferrous metal. Iron and other metals often mix with iron to form various kinds of steel.

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