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Test: Political Theory : An Introduction - UPSC MCQ


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10 Questions MCQ Test Indian Polity for UPSC CSE - Test: Political Theory : An Introduction

Test: Political Theory : An Introduction for UPSC 2024 is part of Indian Polity for UPSC CSE preparation. The Test: Political Theory : An Introduction questions and answers have been prepared according to the UPSC exam syllabus.The Test: Political Theory : An Introduction MCQs are made for UPSC 2024 Exam. Find important definitions, questions, notes, meanings, examples, exercises, MCQs and online tests for Test: Political Theory : An Introduction below.
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Test: Political Theory : An Introduction - Question 1

What role do social institutions play in society?

Detailed Solution for Test: Political Theory : An Introduction - Question 1

Social institutions play a significant role in society by assisting individuals in fulfilling their needs and aspirations. These institutions, such as the family, tribes, and economic organizations, facilitate ways for people to live together harmoniously while recognizing their mutual obligations. By providing structures and support systems, social institutions contribute to the overall well-being and cohesion of society.

Test: Political Theory : An Introduction - Question 2

What did Mahatma Gandhi compare the envelopment of politics to?

Detailed Solution for Test: Political Theory : An Introduction - Question 2

Mahatma Gandhi likened the envelopment of politics to "the coils of a snake." This comparison implies that like the coils of a snake, politics surrounds and entwines us, suggesting that it is an inescapable aspect of society that must be engaged with and navigated, much like one would have to wrestle with a snake. Gandhi's analogy underscores the idea that individuals cannot avoid the influence and impact of politics in their lives.

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Test: Political Theory : An Introduction - Question 3

How do individuals engage in political activity?

Detailed Solution for Test: Political Theory : An Introduction - Question 3

Individuals engage in political activity by participating in discussions and negotiations aimed at promoting social development and resolving common problems. This involvement includes interacting with others, advocating for specific goals, and collectively working towards addressing societal challenges. By actively participating in such activities, individuals contribute to shaping decisions that impact their communities and society as a whole.

Test: Political Theory : An Introduction - Question 4

A new threat to freedom that has emerged in the contemporary world is

Detailed Solution for Test: Political Theory : An Introduction - Question 4

Terrorism is a modern day threat to human freedom; it has taken various dimensions, such as revolutionary, nationalist, religious etc. The impact of terrorism is massive because of advancements in science and information technology.

Test: Political Theory : An Introduction - Question 5

Who among the following historical figures argued that equality was as crucial as freedom?

Detailed Solution for Test: Political Theory : An Introduction - Question 5

Karl Marx argued that equality was as crucial as freedom in the context of societal structures. His advocacy for economic equality and social justice played a significant role in shaping political and philosophical discourse, emphasizing the importance of equality alongside freedom.

Test: Political Theory : An Introduction - Question 6

What key theme is central to Political Theory?

Detailed Solution for Test: Political Theory : An Introduction - Question 6

Political Theory primarily deals with the ideas and principles that shape constitutions, governments, and social life in a systematic manner. It clarifies concepts such as freedom, equality, justice, democracy, and secularism. By examining arguments advanced by different thinkers in defense of these concepts, political theorists shed light on the foundation of governance and societal structures.

Test: Political Theory : An Introduction - Question 7

What is one of the primary focuses of Political Theory?

Detailed Solution for Test: Political Theory : An Introduction - Question 7

Political Theory examines the significance of principles such as the rule of law, separation of powers, and judicial review. By delving into these concepts, theorists aim to provide insight into the fundamental frameworks that underpin governance and legal systems, contributing to a deeper understanding of political dynamics.

Test: Political Theory : An Introduction - Question 8

What is a key reason why questions regarding freedom and equality continue to be relevant in contemporary society?

Detailed Solution for Test: Political Theory : An Introduction - Question 8

Persistent disparities in economic and social spheres contribute to the ongoing relevance of questions surrounding freedom and equality. While progress has been made in some areas, inequalities based on factors like caste, poverty, and social status persist, highlighting the continued importance of addressing these issues in contemporary society.

Test: Political Theory : An Introduction - Question 9

What aspect of political theory primarily concerns our relationships with other human beings rather than with things?

Detailed Solution for Test: Political Theory : An Introduction - Question 9

In political theory, terms like equality and freedom primarily concern our relationships with other human beings rather than with things. Unlike in mathematics where there can be a single definition for concepts like a triangle or square, the definitions of terms like equality or freedom in political theory can vary significantly. This is because human beings have diverse opinions on issues related to equality and freedom that need to be understood and harmonized. 

Test: Political Theory : An Introduction - Question 10

What common experience related to equality?

Detailed Solution for Test: Political Theory : An Introduction - Question 10

The text highlights the common experience of people jumping queues in shops, doctor's waiting rooms, or government offices. This behavior often leads to feelings of either satisfaction or resentment among individuals. The example provided elucidates the concept of equal opportunity for all, emphasizing the importance of fairness in accessing goods and services.

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