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Test: Psychology- 1 - Humanities/Arts MCQ

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10 Questions MCQ Test Psychology Class 11 - Test: Psychology- 1

Test: Psychology- 1 for Humanities/Arts 2024 is part of Psychology Class 11 preparation. The Test: Psychology- 1 questions and answers have been prepared according to the Humanities/Arts exam syllabus.The Test: Psychology- 1 MCQs are made for Humanities/Arts 2024 Exam. Find important definitions, questions, notes, meanings, examples, exercises, MCQs and online tests for Test: Psychology- 1 below.
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Test: Psychology- 1 - Question 1

Which of the following broad domains can be studied by psychologists? 

Detailed Solution for Test: Psychology- 1 - Question 1

Psychologists can study any of these core content areas including developmental, cognitive, affective, social and biological processes and behaviour.

Test: Psychology- 1 - Question 2

The study of psychology is most concerned with which field of scientific inquiry? 

Detailed Solution for Test: Psychology- 1 - Question 2

The best answer is that the study of psychology involves the science of behaviour and mental processes. Psychology also involves emotional, developmental and physical processes, but is not limited to these types of processes. Psychology is not the science of philosophy.

Test: Psychology- 1 - Question 3

Identify the FALSE statement from the below: 

Detailed Solution for Test: Psychology- 1 - Question 3

In the past, many practitioners operated within a frame of reference that regarded homosexuality as a psychological disorder. However, there is no empirical evidence for this position, and it has therefore been abandoned (homosexuality is now regarded by psychologists as a sexual preference rather than as a psychological disorder of any kind).

Test: Psychology- 1 - Question 4

Psychologists employ a variety of tools and methods to study human behaviour. Which of the following methods do psychologists rely on to make systematic observations and draw conclusions about human behaviour? 

Detailed Solution for Test: Psychology- 1 - Question 4

Controlled measurement and experimentation are the key tools in the science of psychology. Speculation, common sense, generalisation, personal experience and collective wisdom are anecdotal, non-systematic and uncontrolled method of collecting information and testing hypotheses.

Test: Psychology- 1 - Question 5

What is the common, underlying view that unites the various subfields of psychology? 

Detailed Solution for Test: Psychology- 1 - Question 5

Empiricism is the belief that knowledge comes from observation and experience, and sensory experience is the source of all knowledge. This orientation requires observable evidence that can be confirmed or refuted by data collection and statistical testing, which is the common, underlying principle across subfields of psychology.

Test: Psychology- 1 - Question 6

According to the information-processing framework, which of the following is NOT true? 

Detailed Solution for Test: Psychology- 1 - Question 6

According to the information-processing framework, both the brain and the computer consist of millions of components, yet the behaviour of computers can be understood by studying the programs that run them. In the same way, a good account of human behaviour is considered possible by using terms abstract enough to transcend the operation of the brain’s approximately 100 billion nerve cells. From the human information-processing perspective, information delivered to the senses is translated into a cognitive code. In other words, specific aspects of the environment are detected and their organization begins. According to this framework, two types of processing can occur: automatic processing, which is effortless and unconscious, and controlled processing, which is effortful and conscious.

Test: Psychology- 1 - Question 7

The beginnings of modern psychology were based on which of the following influences? 

Detailed Solution for Test: Psychology- 1 - Question 7

Modern psychology has roots in philosophy, physiology and psychophysics. The bystander effect, Milgram’s experiments and behaviourism were outgrowths of modern psychology and did not precede the establishment of modern psychology.

Test: Psychology- 1 - Question 8

The human information-processing approach and the connectionist approach disagree with each other about how information is processed. How does the connectionist approach differ from the human information-processing approach?

Detailed Solution for Test: Psychology- 1 - Question 8

The connectionist approach views the cognitive system as conducting information processing tasks in parallel, with the system functioning as a whole unit together as opposed to breaking down into the single units. Human information-processing approaches support the idea of a central control unit, and neither approach can observe the brain as it operates naturally in real life situations.

Test: Psychology- 1 - Question 9

It is most likely that hotter regions of the world witness more aggression than cooler regions because: 

Detailed Solution for Test: Psychology- 1 - Question 9

Although compulsive violence can be associated with brain activity and/or poor socialization in certain individuals, the tendency for high ambient temperature to be associated with naturally occurring aggression is likely to be due to something more prosaic: environmental regulation of behaviour, affecting everyone. Even in cooler climates, hotter years, seasons and days are more likely to produce more assaults, murders, rapes, riots and partner abuse.

Test: Psychology- 1 - Question 10

The cognitive revolution in psychology was a response to the limitations of which school of thought? 

Detailed Solution for Test: Psychology- 1 - Question 10

Several factors led psychology away from behaviourism, and towards the 'Cognitive Revolution', including the realization that 1) the strict methodological controls that were part and parcel of behaviourism had resulted in the elimination of those concepts from people's everyday experience (e.g. their experience of consciousness); 2) the stimulus-response approach was inadequate for explaining many psychological phenomena (e.g. how language develops); and 3) behaviourism had therefore deprived psychology of some of its most interesting problems (e.g. how people ascribe meaning to events and how this meaning influences subsequent behaviour).

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