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Test: Rural Development - 1 - UPSC MCQ


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10 Questions MCQ Test Indian Economy for UPSC CSE - Test: Rural Development - 1

Test: Rural Development - 1 for UPSC 2024 is part of Indian Economy for UPSC CSE preparation. The Test: Rural Development - 1 questions and answers have been prepared according to the UPSC exam syllabus.The Test: Rural Development - 1 MCQs are made for UPSC 2024 Exam. Find important definitions, questions, notes, meanings, examples, exercises, MCQs and online tests for Test: Rural Development - 1 below.
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Test: Rural Development - 1 - Question 1

What  is  rural  development

Detailed Solution for Test: Rural Development - 1 - Question 1

Rural development is the process of improving the quality of life and economic well-being of people living in rural areas, often relatively isolated and sparsely populated areas. Rural development has traditionally centered on the exploitation of land-intensive natural resources such as agriculture and forestry.

Test: Rural Development - 1 - Question 2

Agricultural  diversification means

Detailed Solution for Test: Rural Development - 1 - Question 2

Agricultural diversification is an important mechanism for economic growth. It depends, however, on there being opportunities for diversification and on farmers’ responsiveness to those opportunities. Agricultural diversification can be facilitated by technological breaks-through, by changes in consumer demand or in government policy or in trade arrangements, and by development of irrigation, roads, and other infrastructures. 

Test: Rural Development - 1 - Question 3

TANWA stands for

Detailed Solution for Test: Rural Development - 1 - Question 3

Tamil Nadu Women in Agriculture (TANWA) is a project initiated in Tamil Nadu to train women in latest agricultural techniques. It induces women to actively participate in raising agricultural productivity and family income.

Test: Rural Development - 1 - Question 4

TANWA project initiated in

Detailed Solution for Test: Rural Development - 1 - Question 4
TANWA project initiated in Tamil Nadu
The TANWA (Tamil Nadu Water Supply and Drainage Board) project was initiated in Tamil Nadu. Here is a detailed explanation of the project:
Background:
- The TANWA project was launched to address the water supply and drainage issues in Tamil Nadu.
- It aims to provide clean and safe drinking water to the residents and improve the overall sanitation and drainage systems in the state.
Objectives of the TANWA project:
- To ensure equitable distribution of water resources in Tamil Nadu.
- To improve the quality and availability of drinking water.
- To enhance the drainage infrastructure and reduce waterlogging issues.
- To promote sustainable water management practices.
Implementation:
- The TANWA project is being implemented by the Tamil Nadu Water Supply and Drainage Board.
- It involves the construction and renovation of water supply and drainage systems across the state.
- The project also focuses on creating awareness among the residents about water conservation and hygiene practices.
Benefits of the TANWA project:
- Improved access to clean drinking water for the residents of Tamil Nadu.
- Reduction in waterborne diseases due to better sanitation and drainage systems.
- Enhanced water management practices leading to efficient utilization of water resources.
- Increased awareness and participation of the community in maintaining and conserving water sources.
Overall, the TANWA project in Tamil Nadu aims to address the water supply and drainage challenges in the state and improve the living conditions of its residents.
Test: Rural Development - 1 - Question 5

Golden revolution is related to

Detailed Solution for Test: Rural Development - 1 - Question 5

The definition of horticulture is the art or practice of gardening and cultivating plants and trees. When you grow lilac bushes and orchids, this is an example of horticulture.

Test: Rural Development - 1 - Question 6

TANWA project relates to

Detailed Solution for Test: Rural Development - 1 - Question 6
TANWA project relates to Women.
The TANWA project is specifically focused on women and addresses their needs and issues. Here is a detailed explanation:
What is the TANWA project?
- The TANWA project is an initiative or program that aims to empower and uplift women.
- It focuses on addressing the challenges faced by women and providing them with opportunities for growth and development.
What does TANWA stand for?
- The acronym TANWA stands for a specific project or program related to women. Unfortunately, the exact meaning or expansion of the acronym is not provided in the given information.
Who is the target audience of the TANWA project?
- The TANWA project is specifically designed for women.
- It aims to cater to the needs and aspirations of women, providing them with support and resources.
What are the objectives of the TANWA project?
- Empowering women: The TANWA project aims to empower women by providing them with knowledge, skills, and resources to succeed in various aspects of life.
- Promoting gender equality: It strives to create a society where women have equal rights, opportunities, and representation.
- Addressing women's issues: The TANWA project focuses on addressing the unique challenges faced by women, such as gender-based violence, discrimination, and limited access to education and healthcare.
- Supporting women's entrepreneurship: It aims to encourage and support women in starting and growing their own businesses.
- Enhancing women's leadership: The TANWA project aims to develop leadership skills among women and promote their active participation in decision-making processes.
Conclusion
The TANWA project is dedicated to women and seeks to empower them, promote gender equality, address women's issues, support entrepreneurship, and enhance women's leadership.
Test: Rural Development - 1 - Question 7

Operation flood is related to

Detailed Solution for Test: Rural Development - 1 - Question 7
Operation Flood and its relation to Milk co-operatives:
- Operation Flood was a dairy development program launched in India in 1970.
- It aimed to transform India from a milk-deficient nation to one of the largest milk producers in the world.
- The program focused on organizing small-scale milk producers into cooperatives to improve their bargaining power and access to markets.
- It was implemented by the National Dairy Development Board (NDDB) and funded by the government and international agencies.
- The program emphasized the establishment of milk collection centers, dairy processing plants, and marketing infrastructure.
- It also promoted the adoption of modern dairy farming practices, including crossbreeding of cattle and improved animal nutrition.
- Operation Flood played a significant role in increasing milk production, improving the livelihoods of dairy farmers, and making India self-sufficient in milk production.
- It led to the formation of various milk cooperatives, such as Amul, which became successful models of dairy development in India.
- The success of Operation Flood contributed to the growth of the dairy industry in India and the emergence of India as the largest milk-producing country in the world.
- Therefore, Operation Flood is closely related to milk cooperatives in India.
Test: Rural Development - 1 - Question 8

The period between 1991-2003 is called

Detailed Solution for Test: Rural Development - 1 - Question 8

A significant increase in horticulture production is called Golden Revolution in India. In India, the period between 1991-2003 is termed as 'Golden Revolution'. This period witnessed a tremendous increase in the productivity in horticulture. As a result, during this period, there was a huge increase in the production of various fruits, vegetables, spices and other horticulture products.  

Test: Rural Development - 1 - Question 9

Operation flood started in

Detailed Solution for Test: Rural Development - 1 - Question 9

Operation Flood was started by National Dairy Development Board (NDDB) in 1966s. The objective of this programme was to create a nationwide milk grid. The result was that India became the largest producer of Milk and Milk Products.

Operation flood is called White Revolution of India.

White Revolution followed the Green Revolution and both these revolutions contributed to a large extent to alleviate poverty from India. Gujarat-based co-operation “Anand Milk Union Limited” (Amul) was the engine behind the success of the programme.

Amul was founded by Tribhuvandas Patel and Verghese Kurien was the chairman of NDDB. Dr. Verghese Kurien, who was then 33, gave the professional management skills and necessary thrust to the cooperative, and is considered the architect of Operation Flood.

His work has been recognized by the award of a Padma Bhushan, the Ramon Magsaysay Award for Community Leadership, the Carnegie-Wateler World Peace Prize, and the World Food Prize

Test: Rural Development - 1 - Question 10

During operation flood production of milk increase

Detailed Solution for Test: Rural Development - 1 - Question 10

Operation Flood is the program behind "the white revolution." It created a national milk grid linking producers throughout India with consumers in over 700 towns and cities, it transformed India from a milk-deficient nation into the world's largest milk producer.

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