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Test: The Crisis of Democratic Order- Case Based Type Questions - Humanities/Arts MCQ


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16 Questions MCQ Test Political Science Class 12 - Test: The Crisis of Democratic Order- Case Based Type Questions

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Test: The Crisis of Democratic Order- Case Based Type Questions - Question 1

Study the cartoon carefully and give the answers to the question that follows:

Q. Choose the correct option of the following to save democracy.

Detailed Solution for Test: The Crisis of Democratic Order- Case Based Type Questions - Question 1
A good democracy is defined as an institutional structure that understands the liberty and equality of citizens through the correct functioning of the government and its method. Also, it is a regime that should completely satisfy the citizens with its result.
Test: The Crisis of Democratic Order- Case Based Type Questions - Question 2

Study the cartoon carefully and give the answers to the question that follows:

Q. Military rule and democracy can’t work together:

Detailed Solution for Test: The Crisis of Democratic Order- Case Based Type Questions - Question 2
No, democracy and military rule cannot work together. Because, military rule imposes such restrictions wherein people’s fundamental rights are curbed.
Test: The Crisis of Democratic Order- Case Based Type Questions - Question 3

Study the cartoon carefully and give the answers to the question that follows:

Q. What does this picture depict?

Detailed Solution for Test: The Crisis of Democratic Order- Case Based Type Questions - Question 3
The military serves as a special government agency, which is supposed to implement, rather than formulate, policies that require the use of certain types of physical force. The purpose of the military is to defend society, not to define it.
Test: The Crisis of Democratic Order- Case Based Type Questions - Question 4

Study the cartoon carefully and give the answers to the question that follows:

Q. What are the problems faced by the democratic government?

Detailed Solution for Test: The Crisis of Democratic Order- Case Based Type Questions - Question 4
Recently democratic government are corruption and inefficiency, role of anti-social elements, growing economic and social inequalities, casteism and communalism
Test: The Crisis of Democratic Order- Case Based Type Questions - Question 5

Read the following paragraph and answer the questions that follows:

Students’ protests in Gujarat and Bihar, both of which were Congress ruled States, had far reaching impact on the politics of the two States and national politics. In January 1974 students in Gujarat started an agitation against rising prices of food grains, cooking oil and other essential commodities, and against corruption in high places. The students’ protest was joined by major opposition parties and became widespread leading to the imposition of President’s rule in the state. The opposition parties demanded fresh elections to the state legislature. Morarji Desai, a prominent leader of Congress (O), who was the main rival of Indira Gandhi when he was in the Congress, announced that he would go on an indefinite fast if fresh elections were not held in the State. Under intense pressure from students, supported by the opposition political parties, assembly elections were held in Gujarat in June 1975. The Congress was defeated in this election.

Q. What was the implication of the Gujarat protest?

Detailed Solution for Test: The Crisis of Democratic Order- Case Based Type Questions - Question 5
It is wrong to say that elections should not be conducted in the name of terrorism. There is normalcy in the State. There is no need for the imposition of President’s rule in Gujarat. If the elections are conducted earlier in Gujarat, it will lead to development of the State.
Test: The Crisis of Democratic Order- Case Based Type Questions - Question 6

Read the following paragraph and answer the questions that follows:

Students’ protests in Gujarat and Bihar, both of which were Congress ruled States, had far reaching impact on the politics of the two States and national politics. In January 1974 students in Gujarat started an agitation against rising prices of food grains, cooking oil and other essential commodities, and against corruption in high places. The students’ protest was joined by major opposition parties and became widespread leading to the imposition of President’s rule in the state. The opposition parties demanded fresh elections to the state legislature. Morarji Desai, a prominent leader of Congress (O), who was the main rival of Indira Gandhi when he was in the Congress, announced that he would go on an indefinite fast if fresh elections were not held in the State. Under intense pressure from students, supported by the opposition political parties, assembly elections were held in Gujarat in June 1975. The Congress was defeated in this election.

Q. When did the assembly elections in Gujarat took place after the pressure of the protests?

Test: The Crisis of Democratic Order- Case Based Type Questions - Question 7

Read the following paragraph and answer the questions that follows:

Students’ protests in Gujarat and Bihar, both of which were Congress ruled States, had far reaching impact on the politics of the two States and national politics. In January 1974 students in Gujarat started an agitation against rising prices of food grains, cooking oil and other essential commodities, and against corruption in high places. The students’ protest was joined by major opposition parties and became widespread leading to the imposition of President’s rule in the state. The opposition parties demanded fresh elections to the state legislature. Morarji Desai, a prominent leader of Congress (O), who was the main rival of Indira Gandhi when he was in the Congress, announced that he would go on an indefinite fast if fresh elections were not held in the State. Under intense pressure from students, supported by the opposition political parties, assembly elections were held in Gujarat in June 1975. The Congress was defeated in this election.

Q. When did the students start the protest in Gujarat?

Detailed Solution for Test: The Crisis of Democratic Order- Case Based Type Questions - Question 7
On 20 December 1973, students of L.D. College of Engineering, Ahmedabad went on strike in protest against a 20% hike in hostel food fees. The same type of strike also organised on 3 January 1974 at Gujarat University resulted in clashes between police and students which provoked students across Gujarat.
Test: The Crisis of Democratic Order- Case Based Type Questions - Question 8

Read the following paragraph and answer the questions that follows:

Students’ protests in Gujarat and Bihar, both of which were Congress ruled States, had far reaching impact on the politics of the two States and national politics. In January 1974 students in Gujarat started an agitation against rising prices of food grains, cooking oil and other essential commodities, and against corruption in high places. The students’ protest was joined by major opposition parties and became widespread leading to the imposition of President’s rule in the state. The opposition parties demanded fresh elections to the state legislature. Morarji Desai, a prominent leader of Congress (O), who was the main rival of Indira Gandhi when he was in the Congress, announced that he would go on an indefinite fast if fresh elections were not held in the State. Under intense pressure from students, supported by the opposition political parties, assembly elections were held in Gujarat in June 1975. The Congress was defeated in this election.

Q. Which party did Morarji Desai belong to?

Detailed Solution for Test: The Crisis of Democratic Order- Case Based Type Questions - Question 8

Shri Desai was himself selected to the Lok Sabha from the Surat Constituency in Gujarat. He was later unanimously elected as Leader of the Janata Party in Parliament and was sworn in as the Prime Minister of India on March 24, 1977.

Test: The Crisis of Democratic Order- Case Based Type Questions - Question 9

Read the following excerpt and answer the questions that follows:

In 1967 a peasant uprising took place in the Naxalbari police station area of Darjeeling hills district in West Bengal under the leadership of the local cadres of the Communist Party of India (Marxist). Beginning from the Naxalbari police station, the peasant movement spread to several states of India and came to be referred broadly as the Naxalite Movement. In 1969, they broke off from the CPI (M) and a new party, Communist Party (Marxist-Leninist) (CPI-ML), was formed under the leadership of Charu Majumdar. It argued that democracy in India was a sham and decided to adopt a strategy of protracted guerrilla warfare in order to lead to a revolution. Currently, about 75 districts in nine States are affected by Naxalite violence. Most of these are very backward areas inhabited by Adivasis.

Q. What was this peasant movement called later?

Detailed Solution for Test: The Crisis of Democratic Order- Case Based Type Questions - Question 9
The Naxalite–Maoist insurgency is an ongoing conflict between Maoist groups known as Naxalites or Naxals; a group of farleft radical communists, supportive of Maoist political sentiment and ideology and the Indian government.
Test: The Crisis of Democratic Order- Case Based Type Questions - Question 10

Read the following excerpt and answer the questions that follows:

In 1967 a peasant uprising took place in the Naxalbari police station area of Darjeeling hills district in West Bengal under the leadership of the local cadres of the Communist Party of India (Marxist). Beginning from the Naxalbari police station, the peasant movement spread to several states of India and came to be referred broadly as the Naxalite Movement. In 1969, they broke off from the CPI (M) and a new party, Communist Party (Marxist-Leninist) (CPI-ML), was formed under the leadership of Charu Majumdar. It argued that democracy in India was a sham and decided to adopt a strategy of protracted guerrilla warfare in order to lead to a revolution. Currently, about 75 districts in nine States are affected by Naxalite violence. Most of these are very backward areas inhabited by Adivasis.

Q. How many states are currently affected by the Naxalite Movement?

Test: The Crisis of Democratic Order- Case Based Type Questions - Question 11

Read the following excerpt and answer the questions that follows:

In 1967 a peasant uprising took place in the Naxalbari police station area of Darjeeling hills district in West Bengal under the leadership of the local cadres of the Communist Party of India (Marxist). Beginning from the Naxalbari police station, the peasant movement spread to several states of India and came to be referred broadly as the Naxalite Movement. In 1969, they broke off from the CPI (M) and a new party, Communist Party (Marxist-Leninist) (CPI-ML), was formed under the leadership of Charu Majumdar. It argued that democracy in India was a sham and decided to adopt a strategy of protracted guerrilla warfare in order to lead to a revolution. Currently, about 75 districts in nine States are affected by Naxalite violence. Most of these are very backward areas inhabited by Adivasis.

Q. In which area peasant uprising took place in 1967?

Detailed Solution for Test: The Crisis of Democratic Order- Case Based Type Questions - Question 11
Naxalbari uprising was an armed peasant revolt in 1967 in the Naxalbari block of the Siliguri subdivision in Darjeeling district, West Bengal, India.
Test: The Crisis of Democratic Order- Case Based Type Questions - Question 12

Read the following excerpt and answer the questions that follows:

In 1967 a peasant uprising took place in the Naxalbari police station area of Darjeeling hills district in West Bengal under the leadership of the local cadres of the Communist Party of India (Marxist). Beginning from the Naxalbari police station, the peasant movement spread to several states of India and came to be referred broadly as the Naxalite Movement. In 1969, they broke off from the CPI (M) and a new party, Communist Party (Marxist-Leninist) (CPI-ML), was formed under the leadership of Charu Majumdar. It argued that democracy in India was a sham and decided to adopt a strategy of protracted guerrilla warfare in order to lead to a revolution. Currently, about 75 districts in nine States are affected by Naxalite violence. Most of these are very backward areas inhabited by Adivasis.

Q. Which party was formed under the leadership of Charu Majumdar?

Test: The Crisis of Democratic Order- Case Based Type Questions - Question 13

Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions that follows:

Normally, it should have been held more than a year earlier. But in the summer of 1975, Indira Gandhi had imposed the Emergency, suspending Indian democracy and making fundamental rights inoperative. During the 19-months nightmare, she had postponed elections not once, but twice. And then, as abruptly and unexpectedly as she had issued the Emergency proclamation, on January 18, 1977, she announced that the Lok Sabha elections would take place in March. For this purpose, she relaxed the rules of the Emergency, lifted press censorship, permitted public meetings and released from jail tens of thousands of members of the political opposition. Some of her inveterate critics believe to this day that she opted for the elections because she believed, or was persuaded by her intelligence agencies to believe, that she would win. Even if this were so-which is doubtful because, for all her faults, she was not so naive-two major and unexpected events immediately after the announcement of the poll must have shattered any illusion.

Q. When was the Lok Sabha elections date announced?

Test: The Crisis of Democratic Order- Case Based Type Questions - Question 14

Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions that follows:

Normally, it should have been held more than a year earlier. But in the summer of 1975, Indira Gandhi had imposed the Emergency, suspending Indian democracy and making fundamental rights inoperative. During the 19-months nightmare, she had postponed elections not once, but twice. And then, as abruptly and unexpectedly as she had issued the Emergency proclamation, on January 18, 1977, she announced that the Lok Sabha elections would take place in March. For this purpose, she relaxed the rules of the Emergency, lifted press censorship, permitted public meetings and released from jail tens of thousands of members of the political opposition. Some of her inveterate critics believe to this day that she opted for the elections because she believed, or was persuaded by her intelligence agencies to believe, that she would win. Even if this were so-which is doubtful because, for all her faults, she was not so naive-two major and unexpected events immediately after the announcement of the poll must have shattered any illusion.

Q. Who persuaded Indira Gandhi to believe that she will win 1977 elections?

Detailed Solution for Test: The Crisis of Democratic Order- Case Based Type Questions - Question 14
It is commonly believed that Indira Gandhi called for elections because the Intelligence Bureau told her that she would win 330 seats.
Test: The Crisis of Democratic Order- Case Based Type Questions - Question 15

Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions that follows:

Normally, it should have been held more than a year earlier. But in the summer of 1975, Indira Gandhi had imposed the Emergency, suspending Indian democracy and making fundamental rights inoperative. During the 19-months nightmare, she had postponed elections not once, but twice. And then, as abruptly and unexpectedly as she had issued the Emergency proclamation, on January 18, 1977, she announced that the Lok Sabha elections would take place in March. For this purpose, she relaxed the rules of the Emergency, lifted press censorship, permitted public meetings and released from jail tens of thousands of members of the political opposition. Some of her inveterate critics believe to this day that she opted for the elections because she believed, or was persuaded by her intelligence agencies to believe, that she would win. Even if this were so-which is doubtful because, for all her faults, she was not so naive-two major and unexpected events immediately after the announcement of the poll must have shattered any illusion.

Q. When was the Emergency imposed in India?

Detailed Solution for Test: The Crisis of Democratic Order- Case Based Type Questions - Question 15
On 12 June 1975, Justice Jagmohan Lal Sinha of the Allahabad High Court passed a judgment declaring Indira Gandhi’s election to the Lok Sabha invalid. The opposition political parties pressed for Indira Gandhi’s resignation and organised a massive demonstration. The response of the government was to declare a state of emergency. On 25 June 1975, the government declared emergency that there was a threat of internal disturbances.
Test: The Crisis of Democratic Order- Case Based Type Questions - Question 16

Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions that follows:

Normally, it should have been held more than a year earlier. But in the summer of 1975, Indira Gandhi had imposed the Emergency, suspending Indian democracy and making fundamental rights inoperative. During the 19-months nightmare, she had postponed elections not once, but twice. And then, as abruptly and unexpectedly as she had issued the Emergency proclamation, on January 18, 1977, she announced that the Lok Sabha elections would take place in March. For this purpose, she relaxed the rules of the Emergency, lifted press censorship, permitted public meetings and released from jail tens of thousands of members of the political opposition. Some of her inveterate critics believe to this day that she opted for the elections because she believed, or was persuaded by her intelligence agencies to believe, that she would win. Even if this were so-which is doubtful because, for all her faults, she was not so naive-two major and unexpected events immediately after the announcement of the poll must have shattered any illusion.

Q. For what purpose the rules of emergency were relaxed?

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