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Test: The End of Bipolarity - Assertion and Reason Type Questions - Humanities/Arts MCQ


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16 Questions MCQ Test Political Science Class 12 - Test: The End of Bipolarity - Assertion and Reason Type Questions

Test: The End of Bipolarity - Assertion and Reason Type Questions for Humanities/Arts 2024 is part of Political Science Class 12 preparation. The Test: The End of Bipolarity - Assertion and Reason Type Questions questions and answers have been prepared according to the Humanities/Arts exam syllabus.The Test: The End of Bipolarity - Assertion and Reason Type Questions MCQs are made for Humanities/Arts 2024 Exam. Find important definitions, questions, notes, meanings, examples, exercises, MCQs and online tests for Test: The End of Bipolarity - Assertion and Reason Type Questions below.
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Test: The End of Bipolarity - Assertion and Reason Type Questions - Question 1

Directions: In the following questions, a statement of Assertion (A) is followed by a statement of Reason (R). Mark the correct choice as:

Q. Assertion: The Soviet economy was then more developed than the rest of the world except for the US.

Reason: The Soviet Union became a great power after the Second World War

Detailed Solution for Test: The End of Bipolarity - Assertion and Reason Type Questions - Question 1
Soviet Union’s aspirations were very high. Only two nations rose to superpower after the Second World War, and Russia was one of them. Russia has frequently tried to demonstrate its power and tried to dominate the world politics.
Test: The End of Bipolarity - Assertion and Reason Type Questions - Question 2

Directions: In the following questions, a statement of Assertion (A) is followed by a statement of Reason (R). Mark the correct choice as:

Q. Assertion: Gorbachev did nothing to save the disintegration of soviet system.

Reason: These developments were accompanied by a rapidly escalating crisis within the USSR that hastened its disintegration.

Detailed Solution for Test: The End of Bipolarity - Assertion and Reason Type Questions - Question 2
Gorbachev passed many reforms to revitalize the disintegrating Soviet system. But the bureaucrats never supported the reforms. Moreover, corruption and distrust of the people contributed in the decline of USSR.
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Test: The End of Bipolarity - Assertion and Reason Type Questions - Question 3

Directions: In the following questions, a statement of Assertion (A) is followed by a statement of Reason (R). Mark the correct choice as:

Q. Assertion: The Russian Republic, where Yeltsin won a popular election, began to shake off centralized control.

Reason: A coup took place in 1991 that was encouraged by Communist Party hard-liners.

Detailed Solution for Test: The End of Bipolarity - Assertion and Reason Type Questions - Question 3
The 1991 Soviet coup d’état attempt, also known as the August Coup, was a failed attempt made by Communist leaders of the Soviet Union to take control of the country from Mikhail Gorbachev, who was Soviet President and General Secretary of the party.
Test: The End of Bipolarity - Assertion and Reason Type Questions - Question 4

Directions: In the following questions, a statement of Assertion (A) is followed by a statement of Reason (R). Mark the correct choice as:

Q. Assertion: The exclusion of these republics was an issue that was quickly solved by making them founding members of the CIS.

Reason: The declaration on the disintegration of the USSR and the formation of the Commonwealth of Independent States (CIS) came as a surprise to the other republics, especially to the Central Asian ones.

Detailed Solution for Test: The End of Bipolarity - Assertion and Reason Type Questions - Question 4
In the end, the Russian Federation became the successor state for the Soviet Union, which meant that it took responsibility for weapons control and disposal, for outstanding debt, but also for the Soviet seat on the UN Security Council.
Test: The End of Bipolarity - Assertion and Reason Type Questions - Question 5

Directions: In the following questions, a statement of Assertion (A) is followed by a statement of Reason (R). Mark the correct choice as:

Q. Assertion: The Shock Therapy brought success which was not anticipated at all.

Reason: Each of these countries was required to make a total shift to a capitalist economy, which meant rooting out completely any structures evolved during the Soviet period.

Detailed Solution for Test: The End of Bipolarity - Assertion and Reason Type Questions - Question 5
Shock Therapy affected trade and commerce of Russia. The value of Ruble, the Russian currency, declined and inflation rose at a very high rate and it lost all savings of people.
Test: The End of Bipolarity - Assertion and Reason Type Questions - Question 6

Directions: In the following questions, a statement of Assertion (A) is followed by a statement of Reason (R). Mark the correct choice as:

Q. Assertion: Each state from this bloc was now linked directly to the West and not to each other in the region.

Reason: The transition also involved a breakup of the existing trade alliances among the countries of the Soviet bloc.

Detailed Solution for Test: The End of Bipolarity - Assertion and Reason Type Questions - Question 6
This was the real situation of the post-soviet countries. On the one hand, there was a new hope, but on the other, a painstaking task to apply the changes which had possibilities of bringing hard times.
Test: The End of Bipolarity - Assertion and Reason Type Questions - Question 7

Directions: In the following questions, a statement of Assertion (A) is followed by a statement of Reason (R). Mark the correct choice as:

Q. Assertion: In Georgia, the demand for independence has come from two provinces, resulting in a Civil War.

Reason: In Central Asia, Tajikistan witnessed a Civil War that went on for ten years till 2001.

Detailed Solution for Test: The End of Bipolarity - Assertion and Reason Type Questions - Question 7
Post cold war era was not free of the uproars. Former soviet republics witnessed violent conflicts over many issues. Many new countries were born after the disintegration of Soviet Union. But, their inception was not free from bloodshed.
Test: The End of Bipolarity - Assertion and Reason Type Questions - Question 8

Directions: In the following questions, a statement of Assertion (A) is followed by a statement of Reason (R). Mark the correct choice as:

Q. Assertion: Central Asian countries were already in control of US.

Reason: Central Asia has also become a zone of competition between outside powers and oil companies.

Detailed Solution for Test: The End of Bipolarity - Assertion and Reason Type Questions - Question 8
Central Asia is a major focus of competition for the world’s political and economic powers because of its strategic position and rich oil and gas resources.
Test: The End of Bipolarity - Assertion and Reason Type Questions - Question 9

Directions: In the following questions, a statement of Assertion (A) is followed by a statement of Reason (R). Mark the correct choice as:

Q. Assertion: After the Second World War, the east European countries that the Soviet Army had liberated from the fascist forces came under the control of the USSR.
Reason: The Soviet System, however, became very bureaucratic and authoritarian, making life very difficult for its citizens.

Detailed Solution for Test: The End of Bipolarity - Assertion and Reason Type Questions - Question 9

USSR emerged as two of the most powerful blocs. Many countries after Second World War adopted Soviet system. Russia was in control of this bloc.

Test: The End of Bipolarity - Assertion and Reason Type Questions - Question 10

Directions: In the following questions, a statement of Assertion (A) is followed by a statement of Reason (R). Mark the correct choice as:

Q. Assertion: Cold War had a great cost on the economy of the country.

Reason: In the arms race, the Soviet Union managed to match the US from time to time.

Detailed Solution for Test: The End of Bipolarity - Assertion and Reason Type Questions - Question 10
Though Soviet Union was giving a tough rivalry to US in Cold War, it had economic consequences. But, Russia was not weaker in any sense than US in the Cold War era.
Test: The End of Bipolarity - Assertion and Reason Type Questions - Question 11

Directions: In the following questions, a statement of Assertion (A) is followed by a statement of Reason (R). Mark the correct choice as:

Q. Assertion: Reforms were necessary to keep the USSR abreast of the information and technological revolutions taking place in the West.
Reason: Mikhail Gorbachev, who had become General Secretary of the Communist Party of the Soviet Union in 1985, sought to reform this system.

Detailed Solution for Test: The End of Bipolarity - Assertion and Reason Type Questions - Question 11

Gorbachev put his best efforts to save the Soviet system. But, with growing unrest in its various constituent republics developing into an incessant political and legislative conflict between the republics and the central government brought an end to soviet system.

Test: The End of Bipolarity - Assertion and Reason Type Questions - Question 12

Directions: In the following questions, a statement of Assertion (A) is followed by a statement of Reason (R). Mark the correct choice as:

Q. Assertion: Gorbachev’s decision to normalize relations with the West and democratize and reform the Soviet Union had some other effects that neither he nor anyone else intended or anticipated.

Reason: People supported Gorbachev in his every decision he has taken.

Detailed Solution for Test: The End of Bipolarity - Assertion and Reason Type Questions - Question 12
Soviet economy was under great pressure and burden. What added to the problem was its corrupt governance and unrest among people.
Test: The End of Bipolarity - Assertion and Reason Type Questions - Question 13

Directions: In the following questions, a statement of Assertion (A) is followed by a statement of Reason (R). Mark the correct choice as:

Q. Assertion: Shock Therapy was the transitional form from authoritarian socialist system to a democratic capitalist system in Russia, Central Asia and East Europe under the influence of the World Bank and IMF.

Reason: The model of transition in Russia, Central Asia and east Europe that was influenced by the World Bank and the IMF came to be known as ‘Shock therapy’.

Test: The End of Bipolarity - Assertion and Reason Type Questions - Question 14

Directions: In the following questions, a statement of Assertion (A) is followed by a statement of Reason (R). Mark the correct choice as:

Q. Assertion: Development was now envisaged through more trade, and thus a sudden and complete switch to free trade was considered essential.
Reason: Shock therapy also involved a drastic change in the external orientation of these economies.

Detailed Solution for Test: The End of Bipolarity - Assertion and Reason Type Questions - Question 14

They needed a change in all the aspects of the post-soviet nations. Hence, Shock Therapy demanded the changes which in turn anticipated a united contribution of the nations.

Test: The End of Bipolarity - Assertion and Reason Type Questions - Question 15

Directions: In the following questions, a statement of Assertion (A) is followed by a statement of Reason (R). Mark the correct choice as:

Q. Assertion: Most of the former Soviet Republics are prone to conflicts, and many have had civil wars and insurgencies.

Reason: In Russia, two republics, Chechnya and Dagestan, have had violent secessionist movements.

Detailed Solution for Test: The End of Bipolarity - Assertion and Reason Type Questions - Question 15
After the disintegration of soviet system, many of the soviet republics witnessed violent secessionist movements. Chechnya and Dagestan were two of them.
Test: The End of Bipolarity - Assertion and Reason Type Questions - Question 16

Directions: In the following questions, a statement of Assertion (A) is followed by a statement of Reason (R). Mark the correct choice as:

Q. Assertion: The hydrocarbon resources have brought an enormous prosperity to these countries. K

Reason: The Central Asian Republics are areas with vast hydrocarbon resources.

Detailed Solution for Test: The End of Bipolarity - Assertion and Reason Type Questions - Question 16
After the Soviet breakup, Central Asia has gained importance for several States because of its geographical location and abundance of hydrocarbon reserves. These hydrocarbon reserves are located mainly in three countries: Kazakhstan, Turkmenistan and Uzbekistan.
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