NMAT Mock Test - 4 (New Pattern) - CAT MCQ

# NMAT Mock Test - 4 (New Pattern) - CAT MCQ

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## 108 Questions MCQ Test Mock Test Series for NMAT - NMAT Mock Test - 4 (New Pattern)

NMAT Mock Test - 4 (New Pattern) for CAT 2024 is part of Mock Test Series for NMAT preparation. The NMAT Mock Test - 4 (New Pattern) questions and answers have been prepared according to the CAT exam syllabus.The NMAT Mock Test - 4 (New Pattern) MCQs are made for CAT 2024 Exam. Find important definitions, questions, notes, meanings, examples, exercises, MCQs and online tests for NMAT Mock Test - 4 (New Pattern) below.
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NMAT Mock Test - 4 (New Pattern) - Question 1

Detailed Solution for NMAT Mock Test - 4 (New Pattern) - Question 1
Since the quick estimate is based on approximation, it won’t be useful in finding exact values. So, options 2 and 3 are ruled out. According to the passage, estimation helps when ability to confirm results is not so easy, so option 1 is also ruled out. Since the passage clearly points out that quick estimate helps in finding minimum or maximum value of an estimate, option D is the answer
NMAT Mock Test - 4 (New Pattern) - Question 2

Detailed Solution for NMAT Mock Test - 4 (New Pattern) - Question 2
Statement 1 can’t be inferred from the passage because atomic bomb detonation has been given only as an example of Fermi’s measurement skills, not as a result of his Nobel prize contribution. There is no support for statement 2 in the passage. Statement 3 is too extreme and also unsupported by the passage. So, option 5 is the answer.
NMAT Mock Test - 4 (New Pattern) - Question 3

Detailed Solution for NMAT Mock Test - 4 (New Pattern) - Question 3
How do you solve this application question? First you derive what Fermi did: Fermi’s method was used to calculate the minimum estimate for the yield of the blast. Which options talks in terms of the minimum of some value? Option 1 is only one that fulfils this criteria, the other options provide us average or exact values, and hence can be ruled out.
NMAT Mock Test - 4 (New Pattern) - Question 4

Directions: Analyse the following passage and provide appropriate answers.

An example of scientist who could measure without instruments is Enrico Fermi (1901-1954), a physicist who won the Nobel Prize in physics in 1938. He had a Well-developed knack for intuitive, even casual-sounding measurements. One renowned example of his measurement skills was demonstrated at the first detonation of the atom bomb, the Trinity Test site, on July 16, 1945, where he was one of the atomic scientists observing from base camp. While final adjustments were being made to instruments used to measure the yield of the blast, Fermi was making confetti out of a page of notebook paper. As the wind from the initial blast wave began to blow through the camp, he slowly dribbled the confetti into the air, observing how far back it was scattered by the blast (taking the farthest scattered pieces as being the peak of the pressure wave), Fermi concluded that the yield must be greater than 10 kilotons. This would have been news, since other initial observers of the blast did not know that lower limit. After much analysis of the instrument readings, the final yield estimate was determined to be 18.6 kilotons. Like Eratosthenes7 Fermi was aware of a rule relating one simple observation-the scattering of confetti in the Wind-to a quantity he wanted to measure.

The value of quick estimates was something Fermi was familiar with throughout his career. He was famous for teaching his students skills at approximation of fanciful-sounding quantities that, at first glance, they might presume they knew nothing about. The best-known example of such a “Fermi question” was Fermi asking his students to estimate the number of piano tuners in Chicago, when no one knows the answer. His students-science and engineering majors-would begin by saying that they could not possibly know anything about such a quantity. Of course, some solutions would be to simply do a count of every piano tuner perhaps by looking up advertisements, checking with a licensing agency of some sort, and so on. But Fermi was trying to teach his students how to solve problems where the ability to confirm the results would not be so easy. He wanted them to figure out that they knew something about the quantity in question.

Given below are some statements that attempt to capture the central idea of the passage:

1. It is useful to estimate; even when the exact answer is known.

2. It is possible to estimate any physical quantity.

3. It is possible to estimate the number of units of a newly launched car that can be sold in a city

4. Fermi was a genius.

Q. Which of the following statements (s) best captures the central idea?

Detailed Solution for NMAT Mock Test - 4 (New Pattern) - Question 4
The given passage is based on Enrico Fermi, a physicist, who had a knack for intuitive measurements and could measure without instruments. According to the passage, estimation helps when the ability to confirm results is not to easy, so statement 1 is ruled out. Statement 2 captures the main idea of the passage since the passage highlights the possibility and usefulness of estimation. Statements 3 and 4 are too narrow to be central idea of the passage. Therefore, option 4 is the answer.
NMAT Mock Test - 4 (New Pattern) - Question 5

Directions: Analyse the following passage and provide appropriate answers "Whatever actions are done by an individual in different embodiments, [s]he reaps the fruit of those actions in those very bodies or embodiments (in future existences)".

A belief in karma entails, among other things, a focus on long run consequences, i.e., a long term orientation. Such an orientation implies that people who believe in karma may be more honest with themselves in general and in setting expectations in particular-a hypothesis we examine here. This research is based on three simple premises. First, because lower expectations often lead to greater satisfaction, individuals in general, and especially those who are sensitive to the gap between performance and expectations, have the incentive to and actually do “strategically” lower their expectations. Second, individuals with a long term orientation are likely to be less inclined to lower expectations in the hope of temporarily feeling better. Third, long term orientation and the tendency to lower expectations are at least partially driven by cultural factors. In India, belief in karma, with its emphasis on a longer term orientation, will therefore to some extent counter-act the tendency to lower expectations. The empirical results support our logic; those who believe more strongly in karma are less influenced by disconfirmation sensitivity and therefore have higher expectations.

Consumers make choices based on expectations of how alternative options will perform (i.e., expected utility). Expectations about the quality of a product also play a central role in subsequent satisfaction. These expectations may be based on a number of factors including the quality of a typical brand in a category, advertised quality, and disconfirmation sensitivity. Recent evidence suggests that consumers, who are more disconfirmation sensitive (i.e.,consumers who are more satisfied when products perform better than expected or more dissatisfied when products perform worse than expected) have lower expectations. However, there is little research concerning the role of culture-specific variables in expectation formation, particularly how they relate to the impact of disconfirmation Sensitivity on consumer

Consider the following assertion and conclusion: Assertion: The meaning of karma in the above passage (refer to first two lines of the paragraph in italics.)

Conclusion: Belief that long term consequences are important.

Now read the following statements carefully.

1. The conclusion will always follow the assertion.

2. The conclusion may follow the assertion.

3. The conclusion may follow the assertion only if an individual lives long enough.

4. The conclusion cannot follow the assertion.

Q. Which of the following statement (s) is correct?

Detailed Solution for NMAT Mock Test - 4 (New Pattern) - Question 5
The first two lines of the passage, which cover the meaning of karma imply that long term consequences are important such that an individual gets the results of the actions done by him in different embodiments, in future existence. Therefore, statement 1 is applicable. statement 2 also falls within the purview of given relationship between assertion and conclusion. Moreover, option 2 is already covered in option 1, which is a direct derivation of given relationship. Therefore, option 2 is the answer. Statement 3 is conditional, so rejected and statement 4 is clearly contradictory to the given relationship.
NMAT Mock Test - 4 (New Pattern) - Question 6

Directions: Analyse the following passage and provide appropriate answers "Whatever actions are done by an individual in different embodiments, [s]he reaps the fruit of those actions in those very bodies or embodiments (in future existences)".

A belief in karma entails, among other things, a focus on long run consequences, i.e., a long term orientation. Such an orientation implies that people who believe in karma may be more honest with themselves in general and in setting expectations in particular-a hypothesis we examine here. This research is based on three simple premises. First, because lower expectations often lead to greater satisfaction, individuals in general, and especially those who are sensitive to the gap between performance and expectations, have the incentive to and actually do “strategically” lower their expectations. Second, individuals with a long term orientation are likely to be less inclined to lower expectations in the hope of temporarily feeling better. Third, long term orientation and the tendency to lower expectations are at least partially driven by cultural factors. In India, belief in karma, with its emphasis on a longer term orientation, will therefore to some extent counter-act the tendency to lower expectations. The empirical results support our logic; those who believe more strongly in karma are less influenced by disconfirmation sensitivity and therefore have higher expectations.

Consumers make choices based on expectations of how alternative options will perform (i.e., expected utility). Expectations about the quality of a product also play a central role in subsequent satisfaction. These expectations may be based on a number of factors including the quality of a typical brand in a category, advertised quality, and disconfirmation sensitivity. Recent evidence suggests that consumers, who are more disconfirmation sensitive (i.e.,consumers who are more satisfied when products perform better than expected or more dissatisfied when products perform worse than expected) have lower expectations. However, there is little research concerning the role of culture-specific variables in expectation formation, particularly how they relate to the impact of disconfirmation Sensitivity on consumer

1. Temporary feelings and law of karma are independent

2. As per theory of karma, temporary feelings would not lower the expectation.

3. Temporary feelings and law of karma are contradictory.

Q. Which of the following combination of statements is consistent with the second premise?

Detailed Solution for NMAT Mock Test - 4 (New Pattern) - Question 6
As per the second premise, individuals with a long term orientation are likely to be less inclined to lower expectations in the hope of temporarily feeling better. Less inclined points out probability and not certainty. The first and second statements, on the other hand are extreme and therefore inconsistent with the second premise. The 3rd statement is consistent with 2nd premise because karma focuses on long term consequences, not on short term or temporary feelings.
NMAT Mock Test - 4 (New Pattern) - Question 7

Directions: Analyse the following passage and provide appropriate answers "Whatever actions are done by an individual in different embodiments, [s]he reaps the fruit of those actions in those very bodies or embodiments (in future existences)".

A belief in karma entails, among other things, a focus on long run consequences, i.e., a long term orientation. Such an orientation implies that people who believe in karma may be more honest with themselves in general and in setting expectations in particular-a hypothesis we examine here. This research is based on three simple premises. First, because lower expectations often lead to greater satisfaction, individuals in general, and especially those who are sensitive to the gap between performance and expectations, have the incentive to and actually do “strategically” lower their expectations. Second, individuals with a long term orientation are likely to be less inclined to lower expectations in the hope of temporarily feeling better. Third, long term orientation and the tendency to lower expectations are at least partially driven by cultural factors. In India, belief in karma, with its emphasis on a longer term orientation, will therefore to some extent counter-act the tendency to lower expectations. The empirical results support our logic; those who believe more strongly in karma are less influenced by disconfirmation sensitivity and therefore have higher expectations.

Consumers make choices based on expectations of how alternative options will perform (i.e., expected utility). Expectations about the quality of a product also play a central role in subsequent satisfaction. These expectations may be based on a number of factors including the quality of a typical brand in a category, advertised quality, and disconfirmation sensitivity. Recent evidence suggests that consumers, who are more disconfirmation sensitive (i.e.,consumers who are more satisfied when products perform better than expected or more dissatisfied when products perform worse than expected) have lower expectations. However, there is little research concerning the role of culture-specific variables in expectation formation, particularly how they relate to the impact of disconfirmation Sensitivity on consumer

“Future existences” in the paragraph can refer to'.

1. Human life, 5 years afterwards

2. Next birth in human form

3. Next birth in any embodiment

Q. Which of the following statement (s) is correct?

Detailed Solution for NMAT Mock Test - 4 (New Pattern) - Question 7
‘He reaps the fruit of those actions in those very bodies or embodiments (in future existences)’’ implies that the interpretation in 1st option is out. Option C ’next birth in any embodiment’ is an extreme option that goes beyond the scope of the definition mentioned and the given context. So option D is the answer.
NMAT Mock Test - 4 (New Pattern) - Question 8

Directions: Analyse the following passage and provide appropriate answers "Whatever actions are done by an individual in different embodiments, [s]he reaps the fruit of those actions in those very bodies or embodiments (in future existences)".

A belief in karma entails, among other things, a focus on long run consequences, i.e., a long term orientation. Such an orientation implies that people who believe in karma may be more honest with themselves in general and in setting expectations in particular-a hypothesis we examine here. This research is based on three simple premises. First, because lower expectations often lead to greater satisfaction, individuals in general, and especially those who are sensitive to the gap between performance and expectations, have the incentive to and actually do “strategically” lower their expectations. Second, individuals with a long term orientation are likely to be less inclined to lower expectations in the hope of temporarily feeling better. Third, long term orientation and the tendency to lower expectations are at least partially driven by cultural factors. In India, belief in karma, with its emphasis on a longer term orientation, will therefore to some extent counter-act the tendency to lower expectations. The empirical results support our logic; those who believe more strongly in karma are less influenced by disconfirmation sensitivity and therefore have higher expectations.

Consumers make choices based on expectations of how alternative options will perform (i.e., expected utility). Expectations about the quality of a product also play a central role in subsequent satisfaction. These expectations may be based on a number of factors including the quality of a typical brand in a category, advertised quality, and disconfirmation sensitivity. Recent evidence suggests that consumers, who are more disconfirmation sensitive (i.e.,consumers who are more satisfied when products perform better than expected or more dissatisfied when products perform worse than expected) have lower expectations. However, there is little research concerning the role of culture-specific variables in expectation formation, particularly how they relate to the impact of disconfirmation Sensitivity on consumer

Q. Which of the following statements, if true, would contradict the first of the three premises mentioned in the first paragraph?

Detailed Solution for NMAT Mock Test - 4 (New Pattern) - Question 8
As per the first premise, lower expectations often lead to greater satisfaction, individuals in general, and especially those who are sensitive to the gap between performance and expectations, have the incentive to and actually do “strategically” lower their expectation. The first premise highlights the direct relationship between satisfaction and expectation whereas option b clearly says that satisfaction depends not on expectation but on achievement. Therefore, option c is the answer.
NMAT Mock Test - 4 (New Pattern) - Question 9

Directions: Select the most appropriate word(s) from the given choices to fill the blank(s).

Imagine an _________ public figure attacked by press and public, who is facing an inquiry into allegations of having obtained money by deception.

Detailed Solution for NMAT Mock Test - 4 (New Pattern) - Question 9
What kind of a public figure are we talking about? One who is in all a lot of trouble and is facing some tough battle in front of him. "Embattled" means 'Beset with attackers, criticism, or controversy', and this is exactly the case here with the public figure. Thus, this is the perfect fit in this case.
NMAT Mock Test - 4 (New Pattern) - Question 10

Directions: Choose the option that is CLOSEST in meaning to the capitalized words.

SERENDIPITY

Detailed Solution for NMAT Mock Test - 4 (New Pattern) - Question 10
Serendipity means 'the occurrence and development of events by chance in a happy or beneficial way' i.e. chance

Hence, option c

NMAT Mock Test - 4 (New Pattern) - Question 11

Directions: Choose the option that is CLOSEST in meaning to the capitalized words.

Allure

Detailed Solution for NMAT Mock Test - 4 (New Pattern) - Question 11
Allure means 'powerfully attract or charm; tempt'

Hence, option 3

Allure means 'powerfully attract or charm; tempt'

Hence, option C

NMAT Mock Test - 4 (New Pattern) - Question 12

Directions: Question below has blanks, each blank indicating that something has been omitted. Choose the set of words for each blank which best fits the meaning of the sentence as a whole.

Thought is the product ____ the past, it can only exist through verbalization, through symbols, through images; so long ____ thought is regarding or translating the fact, there must ____ fear

Detailed Solution for NMAT Mock Test - 4 (New Pattern) - Question 12
Preposition 'of' will be used in the following cases:
• who/what does it belong to. For ex: a page of the book

• what does it show. For ex: the picture of a palace

Prepositions 'as' and 'be' fits second and third blank

option C

NMAT Mock Test - 4 (New Pattern) - Question 13

Directions: Question below has blanks, each blank indicating that something has been omitted. Choose the set of words for each blank which best fits the meaning of the sentence as a whole.

We were also able ____ reduce inventory well below the levels anyone thought possible ____ constantly challenging and surprising ourselves with the result

Detailed Solution for NMAT Mock Test - 4 (New Pattern) - Question 13
Preposition 'to' will be used in the following cases
• Used to indicate relationship

• Used to indicate a time or a period

• Used to indicate the place, person, or thing that someone or something moves toward, or the direction of something

• Used to indicate a limit or an ending point

Hence, option 3

NMAT Mock Test - 4 (New Pattern) - Question 14

Directions: In the questions below, five sentences, labeled A, B, C, D and E, are given. They need to be arranged in a logical order to form a coherent paragraph/passage. From the given options, choose the most appropriate option.

(A) Instead, people tend to treat the whole concept of intelligence with concern.

(B) A structural examination based on a factor analysis demonstrated that common-sense conceptions of intelligence are multifarious, containing many controversial themes, which are also typical of the hundred-year-long scientific discussions of intelligence.

(C) Another characteristic which showed up in the studies was people's reluctance to give explicit definitions of intelligence.

(D) This reluctance derives from a perception of the society as posing an intrinsic threat to the individual; intelligence is seen as a concept enabling hierarchical categorisation and societal control of individuals.

(E) This many-sidedness is an indication of the social nature of these conceptions, which are clearly linked to social disputes and conflicts of interests.

Detailed Solution for NMAT Mock Test - 4 (New Pattern) - Question 14
Sentence C begins with, "Another characteristic.." This suggests that the passage must first mention a primary characteristic, only after which, the mention of "another characteristic" would make logical sense. Thus, the passage cannot begin with Sentence C, and Option 4 must be eliminated.

It has been established that the passage must begin with Sentence B, which explains the finding of a certain study: the fact that conceptions of intelligence are multifarious. Sentence E further comments on this multi-fariousness or many-sidedness, hence it must follow Sentence B. Option E is eliminated.

Option C is also eliminated since D cannot follow E immediately. Sentence D, which refers to people's reluctance in defining intelligence, builds up on the idea previously mentioned in sentence C. Option 3 is also eliminated.

Options A and B are very close. According to parallelism, Sentence D must immediately follow Sentence C, as it builds up on the idea of people's reluctance. However, placing Sentence A after Sentence D would not make sense, as Sentence D seeks to provide a reason for the reluctance. Placing Sentence A, which further describes the people's attitude of reluctance and doubt, after sentence D would be incongruous. Hence the correct answer is Option A.

NMAT Mock Test - 4 (New Pattern) - Question 15

Directions: In the following passage there are blanks, each of which has been numbered. These numbers are printed below the passage and against each, five words are suggested, one of which fits the blank appropriately. Find out the appropriate word in each case.

Seed quality is an (A) aspect of crop production. For ages, farmers have traditionally been selecting and trusting good quality seed, since it was in their interest to do so. They knew and understood the importance of quality seed in production. However, with the advent of green revolution technology, based (B) on the high-yielding dwarf varieties of wheat and rice, mainstream thinking changed. Agricultural scientists, for reasons that remain (C), began to doubt, the ability of farmers to maintain seed quality (D).

Q. What would be at “B”?

Detailed Solution for NMAT Mock Test - 4 (New Pattern) - Question 15
primarily means 'for the most part'

For example: "around 80 per cent of personal computers are used primarily for word processing"

Hence, green revolution technology was based mainly on the high-yielding dwarf varieties of wheat and rice

NMAT Mock Test - 4 (New Pattern) - Question 16

Directions: In the following passage there are blanks, each of which has been numbered. These numbers are printed below the passage and against each, five words are suggested, one of which fits the blank appropriately. Find out the appropriate word in each case.

Seed quality is an (A) aspect of crop production. For ages, farmers have traditionally been selecting and trusting good quality seed, since it was in their interest to do so. They knew and understood the importance of quality seed in production. However, with the advent of green revolution technology, based (B) on the high-yielding dwarf varieties of wheat and rice, mainstream thinking changed. Agricultural scientists, for reasons that remain (C), began to doubt, the ability of farmers to maintain seed quality (D).

Q. What would be at “A”?

Detailed Solution for NMAT Mock Test - 4 (New Pattern) - Question 16
quality of any product is an important or main thing that will be considered. In the given sentence, 'important' is appropriate
NMAT Mock Test - 4 (New Pattern) - Question 17

Directions: In the following passage there are blanks, each of which has been numbered. These numbers are printed below the passage and against each, five words are suggested, one of which fits the blank appropriately. Find out the appropriate word in each case.

Seed quality is an (A) aspect of crop production. For ages, farmers have traditionally been selecting and trusting good quality seed, since it was in their interest to do so. They knew and understood the importance of quality seed in production. However, with the advent of green revolution technology, based (B) on the high-yielding dwarf varieties of wheat and rice, mainstream thinking changed. Agricultural scientists, for reasons that remain (C), began to doubt, the ability of farmers to maintain seed quality (D).

Q. What would be at “D”?

Detailed Solution for NMAT Mock Test - 4 (New Pattern) - Question 17
Farmers might not able to maintain the seed quality themselves i.e. probably from now on, they have to depend on others to improve the seed quality.
NMAT Mock Test - 4 (New Pattern) - Question 18

Directions: In the following passage there are blanks, each of which has been numbered. These numbers are printed below the passage and against each, five words are suggested, one of which fits the blank appropriately. Find out the appropriate word in each case.

Seed quality is an (A) aspect of crop production. For ages, farmers have traditionally been selecting and trusting good quality seed, since it was in their interest to do so. They knew and understood the importance of quality seed in production. However, with the advent of green revolution technology, based (B) on the high-yielding dwarf varieties of wheat and rice, mainstream thinking changed. Agricultural scientists, for reasons that remain (C), began to doubt, the ability of farmers to maintain seed quality (D).

Q. What would be at “c”?

Detailed Solution for NMAT Mock Test - 4 (New Pattern) - Question 18
Agricultural scientists began to doubt the ability of farmers to maintain seed quality and the reasons for this was not explained. Hence, option A.
NMAT Mock Test - 4 (New Pattern) - Question 19

Each sentence below has been broken up into four parts sequentially (a, b, c, d). Choose that part which contains a mistake. If there is no error, then select option E - No error

Detailed Solution for NMAT Mock Test - 4 (New Pattern) - Question 19
'to save most of it' is a correct usage. Hence, option D.
NMAT Mock Test - 4 (New Pattern) - Question 20

Directions: The sentence below has been broken up into four parts sequentially. Choose that part which contains a mistake. If there is no error, then select option E - No error.

Q. It was him / who came / running / into the classroom.

Detailed Solution for NMAT Mock Test - 4 (New Pattern) - Question 20
Change, It was him into It was he.

As the complement of the Copulative verb in Nominative case.

Hence, the correct option is (A).

NMAT Mock Test - 4 (New Pattern) - Question 21

Directions: Choose the option that is OPPOSITE in meaning to the capitalized words.

FAINEANT

Detailed Solution for NMAT Mock Test - 4 (New Pattern) - Question 21
faineant means 'an idle or ineffective person'

Feigning means 'pretending, faking'

Hence, option B.

NMAT Mock Test - 4 (New Pattern) - Question 22

Directions: Choose the option that is OPPOSITE in meaning to the capitalized words.

LUCRATIVE

Detailed Solution for NMAT Mock Test - 4 (New Pattern) - Question 22
Lucrative means 'producing a great deal of profit'
NMAT Mock Test - 4 (New Pattern) - Question 23

Directions: Choose the word most nearly opposite to the given word.

Conceit

Detailed Solution for NMAT Mock Test - 4 (New Pattern) - Question 23
Meaning: The meaning of conceit is a strong, exaggerated opinion of one's self.

Example: The conceited boxer put a statue of himself in his front yard.

Synonyms: Egotism, Arrogance, Complacence, Narcissism

Antonyms: Humility, Modesty, Meekness, Shyness, Timidity

NMAT Mock Test - 4 (New Pattern) - Question 24

Directions: Choose the word most nearly opposite to the given word.

Boisterous