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Test: Biotechnology - 11 - Bank Exams MCQ


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10 Questions MCQ Test General Awareness & Knowledge - Test: Biotechnology - 11

Test: Biotechnology - 11 for Bank Exams 2024 is part of General Awareness & Knowledge preparation. The Test: Biotechnology - 11 questions and answers have been prepared according to the Bank Exams exam syllabus.The Test: Biotechnology - 11 MCQs are made for Bank Exams 2024 Exam. Find important definitions, questions, notes, meanings, examples, exercises, MCQs and online tests for Test: Biotechnology - 11 below.
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Test: Biotechnology - 11 - Question 1

What is the primary purpose of base editing in genetic engineering?

Detailed Solution for Test: Biotechnology - 11 - Question 1
Base editing is a technique used in genetic engineering to make precise changes to individual DNA bases within the genome. Unlike amplifying DNA segments or creating genetically modified organisms, base editing allows for targeted modifications at the molecular level, which is essential for addressing genetic mutations and diseases.
Test: Biotechnology - 11 - Question 2

Which gene-editing technology is celebrated for its simplicity, versatility, and accuracy, and is often referred to as "molecular scissors"?

Detailed Solution for Test: Biotechnology - 11 - Question 2
CRISPR-Cas9 is celebrated for its simplicity, versatility, and accuracy in gene editing. It is often referred to as "molecular scissors" because it can precisely cut DNA at specific locations in the genome, allowing for targeted genetic modifications.
Test: Biotechnology - 11 - Question 3

What is the primary focus of Chimeric Antigen Receptor T-cell (CAR-T) therapy in the context of cancer treatment?

Detailed Solution for Test: Biotechnology - 11 - Question 3
The primary focus of CAR-T therapy is to modify T cells by introducing Chimeric Antigen Receptors (CARs). These modified T cells are then infused into the patient's body to enhance their ability to recognize and target cancer cells.
Test: Biotechnology - 11 - Question 4
Which term describes the unauthorized use of biological resources without proper consent, often without providing fair compensation?
Detailed Solution for Test: Biotechnology - 11 - Question 4
Biopiracy refers to the unauthorized use of biological resources without proper consent, often by multinational companies or organizations. It typically involves exploiting biological resources without providing fair compensation to the countries and communities that have a stake in those resources.
Test: Biotechnology - 11 - Question 5
In the context of genetic engineering, what does the term "somatic gene therapy" refer to?
Detailed Solution for Test: Biotechnology - 11 - Question 5
Somatic gene therapy involves modifying genes in somatic (body) cells, as opposed to reproductive cells. The modifications in somatic cells are not passed on to the next generation and are aimed at addressing genetic disorders in the individual.
Test: Biotechnology - 11 - Question 6
What is the primary goal of the Orphan Drugs Act introduced in the United States in 1983?
Detailed Solution for Test: Biotechnology - 11 - Question 6
The primary goal of the Orphan Drugs Act introduced in the United States in 1983 was to encourage research into treatments for rare diseases. It provides incentives to pharmaceutical companies to invest in the development of medicines for diseases that are exceptionally rare.
Test: Biotechnology - 11 - Question 7
What is the primary purpose of gel electrophoresis in genetic engineering?
Detailed Solution for Test: Biotechnology - 11 - Question 7
Gel electrophoresis is used in genetic engineering to separate molecules based on their size using an electric field's charge. It is commonly used to analyze DNA fragments and determine their size and quantity.
Test: Biotechnology - 11 - Question 8
Which technology allows scientists to make precise changes to individual DNA bases, converting one base into another?
Detailed Solution for Test: Biotechnology - 11 - Question 8
CRISPR-Cas9 technology allows scientists to make precise changes to individual DNA bases within the genome. This includes converting one DNA base into another with a high degree of accuracy.
Test: Biotechnology - 11 - Question 9
What is the primary focus of mitochondrial gene therapy (MGT)?
Detailed Solution for Test: Biotechnology - 11 - Question 9
The primary focus of mitochondrial gene therapy (MGT) is to modify mitochondrial DNA (mtDNA) to address mitochondrial diseases caused by mutations or defects in mtDNA. It involves replacing defective mtDNA with healthy mtDNA from a donor.
Test: Biotechnology - 11 - Question 10
In the context of genetic engineering, what does the term "somatic gene therapy" refer to?
Detailed Solution for Test: Biotechnology - 11 - Question 10
Somatic gene therapy involves modifying genes in somatic (body) cells, as opposed to reproductive cells. The modifications in somatic cells are not passed on to the next generation and are aimed at addressing genetic disorders in the individual.
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