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Verbal For CAT 2019 ( Slot - I) - CAT MCQ


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34 Questions MCQ Test Verbal Ability (VA) & Reading Comprehension (RC) - Verbal For CAT 2019 ( Slot - I)

Verbal For CAT 2019 ( Slot - I) for CAT 2024 is part of Verbal Ability (VA) & Reading Comprehension (RC) preparation. The Verbal For CAT 2019 ( Slot - I) questions and answers have been prepared according to the CAT exam syllabus.The Verbal For CAT 2019 ( Slot - I) MCQs are made for CAT 2024 Exam. Find important definitions, questions, notes, meanings, examples, exercises, MCQs and online tests for Verbal For CAT 2019 ( Slot - I) below.
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Verbal For CAT 2019 ( Slot - I) - Question 1

Which of the following can be responsible for Emperor Penguins losing body heat?

Detailed Solution for Verbal For CAT 2019 ( Slot - I) - Question 1

Option A: It has been mentioned that food metabolism is used to maintain body temperature. But it cannot be inferred that heat is lost due to food metabolism.

Option B: The colder temperature of plumage results in slight heat gain from the surrounding air. Hence this option is incorrect.

Option C: In the last paragraph of the passage, it has been mentioned that heat is very important for the breeding of Emperor Penguins.

So it can be inferred that this conserved heat might be used in the reproductive process of Emperor Penguins. Hence C is the answer.

Option D: Consider the line: "Since their outer plumage is..........................thermal convection—the transfer of heat via the movement of a fluid (in this case, the air)." It is clear that the process of thermal convection is responsible for heat gain and not heat loss. Hence D is incorrect.

Verbal For CAT 2019 ( Slot - I) - Question 2

All of the following, if true, would negate the findings of the study reported in the passage EXCEPT:

Detailed Solution for Verbal For CAT 2019 ( Slot - I) - Question 2

The primary findings of the study conclude that Emperor Penguins reduce the heat loss by keeping the temperature of the outer surface of their plumage lower than the surrounding air. In fact, they gain a little heat from the surrounding air through thermal convection.

Option A: If the plumage did not allow thermal convection, it would contradict the findings of the study. Hence A is not the answer.

Option B: Since the transfer of heat takes place through the plumage, variation in the average temperature of feet will not affect the conclusions of the study. Hence B is the answer.

Option C: The average temperature of plumage should be lower than that of the air. It has been mentioned in the passage that the temperatures of the plumage on their heads, chests and backs were -1.84, -7.24 and -9.76 degrees Fahrenheit respectively. If the temperature of the air is -10 degrees Fahrenheit, Penguins would not be able to gain the heat. Hence, this will negate the study findings.

Option D: All the temperatures mentioned in this option are higher than the temperature of the air, but the study assumes the surrounding air temperature to be higher. This option will also negate the study findings.

Verbal For CAT 2019 ( Slot - I) - Question 3

Which of the following best explains the purpose of the word “paradoxically” as used by the author?

Detailed Solution for Verbal For CAT 2019 ( Slot - I) - Question 3

The word "paradoxically" has been used by the author to indicate the two contradictory characteristics mentioned in the statement.

Option A: This option states the exact opposite conclusion mentioned in the passage. As per the passage, penguins keep their plumage colder to keep their body warmer. Hence A is incorrect.

Option B: It has been mentioned that the penguins lose heat through radiation and gain heat through convection. Hence B is incorrect.

Option C: Although this statement is true, it does not contain self-contradictory parts. It has been mentioned that the heat loss and heat gain happen through the given processes but one has no relation to the other. Hence C is not the answer.

Option D: This statement combines two contradictory qualities. The penguins are keeping their plumage colder, which is responsible for the heat gain from the surrounding air and making their body warmer. Hence D is the answer.

Verbal For CAT 2019 ( Slot - I) - Question 4

In the last sentence of paragraph 3, “slightly warmer air” and “at a slightly colder temperature” refer to ______ AND ______ respectively:

Detailed Solution for Verbal For CAT 2019 ( Slot - I) - Question 4

Option A: Consider the sentence: "As the cold Antarctic air cycles around their bodies, slightly warmer air comes into contact with the plumage and donates minute amounts of heat back to the penguins, then cycles away at a slightly colder temperature." It has been mentioned in the passage that the plumage temperature is lower than the surrounding air temperature. Hence, "slightly warmer air" refers to the Antarctica air that surrounds the plumage and "at a slightly colder temperature" refers to the fall in temperature due to heat loss.

Option B: The process of convections and not radiation is involved in this case. Hence the first part of the option is incorrect. B is not the answer.

Option C: The passage does not mention air trapped in plumage. Hence this option is rejected.

Option D: "slightly warmer air" refers to the Antarctica air and not the air inside the penguins' bodies. Hence D is incorrect.

Verbal For CAT 2019 ( Slot - I) - Question 5

Which one of the following best sums up the overall purpose of the examples of Casper and Glossier in the passage?

Detailed Solution for Verbal For CAT 2019 ( Slot - I) - Question 5

Option A: The startups Casper and Glossier are certainly breaking the trend of choice anxiety. Yet, the author argues that they are turning into something that they intended to disrupt. Hence, this does not capture the purpose of the author.

Option B: The author argues that even these startups are targeting select few mid-range customers rather than the lower classes. Hence, this option directly contradicts the author's claim.

Option C: These startups initially started as an exception to offering a wide variety of choices. Yet, due to limited customers, and want of steep growth, they might transform into a type of company that they intended to disrupt. Hence, this option correctly resounds the authors fear and captures his purpose of argument. Hence C is correct Option D: This option is largely vague and can have multiple interpretations. One interpretation can be that these startups are targeting a selected band of customers and do not have offering for lower-class customers. Hence, there is no uniform distribution.

Verbal For CAT 2019 ( Slot - I) - Question 6

All of the following, IF TRUE, would weaken the author’s claims EXCEPT:

Detailed Solution for Verbal For CAT 2019 ( Slot - I) - Question 6

Option A: Paragraph 1 says "choice fatigue is one reason so many people gravitate toward lifestyle influencers on Instagram". Hence, as per the passage, a company with wide range of products and a lifestyle influencer is likely to perform better than a company with only a wide range of products. Hence, this statement negates the claim of the author.

Option B: "As options have expanded for people with disposable income, the opportunity to buy even basic things such as fresh food or quality diapers has contracted for much of America’s lower classes." The author argues that a variety of products are offered only for a certain class of consumers other than the lower class. If a variety of options indeed helped the poor, then his argument is weakened.

Option C: "Research has consistently held that people who are presented with a few options make better, easier decisions than those presented with many". "Americans have lost the ability to sort through the sheer volume". Clearly, people are overwhelmed by options and prefer a lesser variety. Hence, option C is contradictory.

Option D: This option is largely vague and leaves unanswered questions behind. Also, the author doesn't make any comparison between the growth of these two type of companies. The author only says that, as the company targets only few consumers, for the want of growth they are likely to expand to variety of products. As there is no information about their growths, this option neither strengthens nor weakens the claim.

Verbal For CAT 2019 ( Slot - I) - Question 7

Based on the passage, all of the following can be inferred about consumer behaviour EXCEPT that: 

Detailed Solution for Verbal For CAT 2019 ( Slot - I) - Question 7

Option A: Paragraph 1 says "Since Americans have lost the ability to sort through the sheer volume of the consumer choices available to them" Since the product options are overwhelming, they are unable to sort through the options. Hence, option A can be inferred from the passage.

Option B: Paragraph 1 says "Research has consistently ..... industry unto itself." As people experience choice anxiety due to overwhelming options, they are unable to trust products while selecting. Hence, they look-out for celebrities and curators to make a decision.

Option C: There is no such comparison in the passage that shows people's preference towards products by startups. Hence, option C cannot be inferred.

Option D: Paragraph 1 says "a ghost now has to be in the retail machine, whether it’s an algorithm, an influencer, or some snazzy ad tech to help a product follow you around the internet". Due to our inability to sort, we depend on influencers or we are vulnerable to snazzy ads to purchase products. Hence, D can be inferred.

Verbal For CAT 2019 ( Slot - I) - Question 8

A new food brand plans to launch a series of products in the American market. Which of the following product plans is most likely to be supported by the author of the passage?

Detailed Solution for Verbal For CAT 2019 ( Slot - I) - Question 8

The author principally argues for lesser choices. He says that choice anxiety is overwhelming and people make better decisions with lesser choices.

He is also critical about companies targeting only a certain band of well-off customers and critiques them for not offering products for consumers of lower classes.

Hence, a product group with lesser variety, and targeted to lower class customers would be most acceptable to the author.

Verbal For CAT 2019 ( Slot - I) - Question 9

Which of the following hypothetical statements would add the least depth to the author’s prediction of the fate of start-ups offering few product options?

Detailed Solution for Verbal For CAT 2019 ( Slot - I) - Question 9

By "Depth", the author suggests a scenario that adds value or supplies additional information which supports his claim.

Option A: If the startup products grow exponentially and are self-sufficient and do not expand to other products, this scenario directly contradicts the author's probable prediction of these companies. Hence, it would add the least depth to the author's argument. A is the correct answer.

Option B: Lets consider that startups with few product options already exist. In such a case, these startups are no exceptions. For the sake of steep growth and surviving, they might have to expand into different product categories. Hence it adds some depth to the author's prediction.

Option C: "There may be no way to opt-out of stuff by buying into the right thing." The author is clearly displeased with startups ending up with overwhelming variety. Losing regular customers for better growth further invigorates the author's claim against numerous choices.

Option D: If the government doubles their tax rates, as these startups are dependent on select customers for income, they might have to venture into other products and varieties to accentuate their returns and keep the company afloat. Hence, their fate would likely end up the way the author predicted it to be.

Hence, it adds some value to his criticism.

Verbal For CAT 2019 ( Slot - I) - Question 10

In the last paragraph, the author uses the example of “Residents of upscale residential developments” to illustrate the:

Detailed Solution for Verbal For CAT 2019 ( Slot - I) - Question 10

"Residents of upscale residential developments have disclosed how important it is to maintain their community’s distinct identity, often by casting themselves in a superior social position and by reinforcing class and racial differences."

Option A: The option implies that the clients are made to feel at home. While the phrase “Residents of upscale residential developments” is used to capture the intent of social dominance of a particular class. Hence this option is incorrect.

Option B: The option implies that jingoism of a certain class might lead to topophobia. The option is yet again unrelated.

Option C: Residents of upscale residential developments intend to promote their community by reinforcing sectarian differences. This exclusivism (Practice of being exclusive/important) is clearly captured in the option. Hence C is correct.

Option D: Sensitive response indicates a considerate response where other's sentiments are considered. While these residents are inconsiderate and consider themself superior. Also, the option doesn't capture the purpose clearly. Hence, incorrect

Verbal For CAT 2019 ( Slot - I) - Question 11

Which one of the following comes closest in meaning to the author’s understanding of topophilia?

Detailed Solution for Verbal For CAT 2019 ( Slot - I) - Question 11

Option A: The entire passage deals with "TOPOPHILIA" and "TOPOGRAPHY" is unrelated. Also, the author says that we experience topophilia in three forms and that we are not born with it.

Option C: An illustration of topophobia doesn't represent the author's view on topophilia Option D: The option speaks about glossophilia(Love of language) and is unrelated to topophilia 

Option B: "Topophilia connotes a positive relationship, but it often is useful to explore the darker affiliations between people and place.

Patriotism, literally meaning the love of one’s terra patria or homeland".

Despite a negative tone, the author says that one form of topophilia is patriotism. Even though not wholesome, it comes "closest" to the author's understanding of topophilia among the given options. Hence B is correct.

Verbal For CAT 2019 ( Slot - I) - Question 12

Which one of the following best captures the meaning of the statement, “Topophilia is difficult to design for and impossible to quantify . . .”?

Detailed Solution for Verbal For CAT 2019 ( Slot - I) - Question 12

"As Tuan noted, purely aesthetic responses often are suddenly revealed, but their intensity rarely is longlasting. Topophilia is difficult to design for and impossible to quantify". The author says that people's response to aesthetics is shortlived and usually subsides overtime.

Hence, it is difficult to design or quantify.

Option A: "Amomie" means lack of morals or ethics. It is unrelated to the passage.

Option B: An objective analysis by architects does not explain the reason as to why it is difficult to quantify topophilia.

Option C: This statement is in the form of an opinion and does not explain the above statement.

Option D: Since every person has different topophilic attractions and have different responses to aesthetics. Capturing topophilia in the form of design is impossible. This option elaborates and explains the reason for quantifying topophilia. Hence option D is correct.

Verbal For CAT 2019 ( Slot - I) - Question 13

The word “topophobia” in the passage is used:

Detailed Solution for Verbal For CAT 2019 ( Slot - I) - Question 13

"And just as a beloved landscape is suddenly revealed, so too may landscapes of fear cast a dark shadow over a place that makes one feel a sense of dread or anxiety—or topophobia."

Option B speaks about topography, while Option C speaks about dread towards people.

Option D is unrelated to topophobia. Hence, all of them are incorrect

Option A clearly captures the essence of the last sentence in the passage.

Verbal For CAT 2019 ( Slot - I) - Question 14

Which of the following statements, if true, could be seen as not contradicting the arguments in the passage?

Detailed Solution for Verbal For CAT 2019 ( Slot - I) - Question 14

Option A: "new urbanism seeks to... Although motivated by good intentions, such attempts to create places rich in meaning are perhaps bound to disappoint." The author says new urbanism that tries to induce a sense of place is bound to fail. Since there is no mention of clients, irrespectively new urbanism is going to fail. Hence, it is contradicting the author.

Option B: "His 1974 book set forth a wide-ranging exploration of how the emotive ties with the material environment vary greatly from person to person and in intensity, subtlety, and mode of expression." This option is contradicting the passage yet again.

Option C: The author lists out three ways of experiencing topophilia but doesn't emphasize about any one way. Hence, even though not contradictory, this option is factually misquoting the passage.

Option D: "Topophilia connotes a positive relationship, but it often is useful to explore the darker affiliations between people and place.

Patriotism, literally meaning the love of one’s terra patria or homeland.." Clearly, the author has a negative intonation when he says "darker affiliation". He presents patriotism as a darker manifestation of topophilia. Hence, this statement is correct and does not contradict the author. Hence option D is correct.

Verbal For CAT 2019 ( Slot - I) - Question 15

At a conference on folk forms, the author of the passage is least likely to agree with which one of the following views?

Detailed Solution for Verbal For CAT 2019 ( Slot - I) - Question 15

Cecil Sharp says "One man sings a song, and then others sing it after him, changing what they do not like". This signifies that folk music is constantly evolving. Hence, this adaptability contributes to its plurality. Hence the author is going to agree with option B "Just as the effusive ..... on countless record labels" This indicates that - "Just as the radical views of Morris became popular and mainstream, similarly folk music which is considered parochial is becoming popular and conformist. This popularity is being rejoiced by media as "folk is hip again". Hence, option C correctly captures this sentiment. "For the early-20th-century composers .... tradition itself." This line captures the idea that folk is also inspired by various philosophies and schools of thought. Hence, we can infer that folk is intellectually relevant in contemporary times. Option D is in coherence with the author's views.

Option A says that folk forms exhibit homogeneity. The author in the entire passage describes the diversity of folk and says it paves way for vivid imagination. "The very obscurity and anonymity of folk music's origins open up space for rampant imaginative fancies". Cecil Sharp cites an analogy of an oak tree to show the constant transformation of folk. Hence, this option is contradicting author's opinion and he is least likely to agree with it.

Verbal For CAT 2019 ( Slot - I) - Question 16

The primary purpose of the reference to William Morris and his floral prints is to show: 

Detailed Solution for Verbal For CAT 2019 ( Slot - I) - Question 16

"Just as the effusive floral prints of the radical William Morris now cover genteel sofas, so the revolutionary intentions of many folk historians and revivalists have led to music that is commonly regarded as parochial and conservative.

Here the author compares two aspects. We know that William Morris is a radical conservationist as per para 1. (genteel refers to respectable/gentlemanly, genteel sofas refers to people in respectable place in life) As the footprints/views of William Morris becomes more popular i.e. as conservative folk forms once considered radical became more mainstream, similarly folk music which is considered parochial is now being revived by revivalists. The primary purpose is to show an analogy that a radical folk form became more mainstream/acceptable over time. This expression is best captured in option C

Verbal For CAT 2019 ( Slot - I) - Question 17

The author says that folk "may often appear a cosy, fossilised form" because:

Detailed Solution for Verbal For CAT 2019 ( Slot - I) - Question 17

"Free of the taint of manufacture" been contested territory."

The phrase "Free of the taint of manufacture" is likely to have emerged post-industrialization when conservationists(conserving status quo especially natural resources) fancied a pre-industrial age and expressed nostalgic attachment towards it. Hence the main point of the first paragraph can be summarised as "Conservationists envisioned a cosy folk form inspired by preindustrial times".

Hence option B is the correct answer

 

 

Verbal For CAT 2019 ( Slot - I) - Question 18

Which of the following statements about folk revivalism of the 1940s and 1960s cannot be inferred from the passage?

Detailed Solution for Verbal For CAT 2019 ( Slot - I) - Question 18

" In the late 1960s, purists were suspicious of folk songs recast in rock idioms." Purists oppose any altercation or adaptation of original folk from and they criticized the adaptations by rock too. Hence, option B can be inferred

Folk music was inspired by revolutionary intentions in 1940s, various philosophies and school of thoughts in 1960s, Freedom of expression(Bob dylan) and psychedalia.

This shows a constant transformation of folk reinforcing the beliefs of Cecil Sharp. Option C is correct.

Option D can be rightly inferred from the lyrical freedom of bob dylan and revolutionary intentions in 1940s.

Option A : "In the late 1960s, purists were suspicious of folk songs recast in rock idioms. Electrification, however, comes in many forms." Even though the electrification of folk by rock was rejected by purists, electrification came in many forms and not individually by Rock alone. Hence, electrification of folk music is not caused by rock alone.

Hence option A cannot be inferred.

 

 

Verbal For CAT 2019 ( Slot - I) - Question 19

All of the following are causes for plurality and diversity within the British folk tradition EXCEPT:

Detailed Solution for Verbal For CAT 2019 ( Slot - I) - Question 19

Option A and option D both signifies the inspiration of folk music from two different times. Folk is not limited to immediate past or to any

specific time-line. This contributes to the plurality of folk music.

Option C talks about "fluidity". Fluidity indicates flexibility or different modes of oral rendition. For example different vocal styles can be generated by pitch, rhythm, style of rendition. Hence, the variance in oral transmission of music can lead to various iterations of one original form. Hence, this again contributes to the diversity and plurality of folk music.

Option B: Popularity or unpopularity is an opinion. An opinion in no way contributes to the diversity of a folk form. It might be regarded as diverse opinions but does not inherently contribute to the diversity of folk itself. Hence, option B does not contribute to folk's plurality.

 

 

Verbal For CAT 2019 ( Slot - I) - Question 20

All of the following serve as evidence for the character of Aladdin being based on Hanna Diyab EXCEPT:

Detailed Solution for Verbal For CAT 2019 ( Slot - I) - Question 20

The passage says "describes his own hard-knocks upbringing and the way he marvelled at the extravagance of Versailles. The descriptions he uses were very similar to the descriptions of the lavish palace that ended up in Galland's version of the Aladdin story." Hence, option B and option C depicts the similarities of Hanna Diyab's life and Aladdin's character

Option D:"Diyab was ideally placed to embody the overlapping world of East and West, blending the storytelling traditions of his homeland with his youthful observations of the wonder of 18th-century France.". Since Diyab is a middle eastern man who came to France, his cross-culture experience would make him ideal to embody the character of Aladdin. Hence, option D gives evidence for the claim Aladdin is based on hana diyab's life.

Option A: Even though Diyab narrated the story, he might have read it somewhere or heard it from someone else, it doesn't necessarily give any insight about its relationship with his life.

 

 

Verbal For CAT 2019 ( Slot - I) - Question 21

Which of the following is the primary reason for why storytellers are still fascinated by the story of Aladdin?

Detailed Solution for Verbal For CAT 2019 ( Slot - I) - Question 21

It reflects not only "a history of the French and the Middle East, but also [a story about] Middle Easterners coming to Paris and that speaks to our world today,"

The above statement indicates that the primary reason for scholars to go back to aladdin is the intrigue about middle easterners coming to paris.

Option B and D have references from the third paragraph which is unrelated to the context.

While option C is one of the reasons, the primary reason as per the author is option A(traveler’s experience indicates middle easterners experience in france).

Option A can be considered as one of primary importance as he says "that speaks to the world today" highlighting the importance of middle-easterners coming to paris.

 

 

Verbal For CAT 2019 ( Slot - I) - Question 22

Which of the following does not contribute to the passage's claim about the authorship of Aladdin?

Detailed Solution for Verbal For CAT 2019 ( Slot - I) - Question 22

The narrative sensibility of Diyab's travelogue indicates similarity in characters of Aladdin and Diyab in terms of sensibility, being considerate. Hence, option A strengthens the passage's claim about Aladdin's character having ties with that of Diyab

Option B, Galland's acknowledgement again indicates that Aladdin might be predated than 1712 and might have some roots associated with Diyab

Option D, The affluence in the story of Aladdin and Diyab's travelogue have major similarities. This suggests that Aladdin maybe based on Diyab's life experiences. Hence, it supports the passage's claim about authorship.

As per option C, the French fairy tales inform us about the probable cause/motive behind writing Aladdin but doesn't lead to information regarding its authorship.

 

 

Verbal For CAT 2019 ( Slot - I) - Question 23

The author of the passage is most likely to agree with which of the following explanations for the origins of the story of Aladdin?

Detailed Solution for Verbal For CAT 2019 ( Slot - I) - Question 23

'"Galland wrote in his diary that he first heard the tale from a Syrian storyteller from Aleppo named Hanna Diyab Since he heard the story, option B is incorrect.

Also, the first paragraph implies that - While Arabian nights predates to medieval times, the earliest appearance of Aladdin is in 1712. Hence, option C and D are incorrect.

"Transmit" means passing from one person to another. This can imply that Diyab told it to Galland. Also, Aladdin is one of the stories of "Arabian Nights" (Others include Alibaba & 40 thieves, Sindbad). Hence option A is correct.

 

 

Verbal For CAT 2019 ( Slot - I) - Question 24

Which of the following, if true, would invalidate the inversion that the phrase "flips the script" refers to?

Detailed Solution for Verbal For CAT 2019 ( Slot - I) - Question 24

The second paragraph says that there are 2 possible motivations for writing the story of Aladdin, first being French fairy tales and second being French orientalism. He goes on to say, if aladdin is actually based on the life of hanna Diyab, then the idea of French orientalism is inversed.

"or that the story was invented in that 18th century period as a byproduct of French Orientalism, a fascination with stereotypical exotic Middle Eastern luxuries that was prevalent then. The idea that Diyab might have based it on his own life — the experiences of a Middle Eastern man encountering the French, not vice-versa — flips the script."

French Orientalism implies an intrigue of French towards Middle-eastern luxuries, while Diyab coming to France shows an interest of middle-easterners in France. Hence, the script is inversed if Aladdin's story is based on Hanna Diyab.

The question is looking for option which invalidates the inversion. This implies that the script shouldn't be inversed. This occurs when Aladdin's story is not based on Diyab.

Option C says that Diyab's travelogue doesn't bear any resemblance to Galland's Aladdin. This implies that Aladdin is not based on Diyab. Hence, the inversion of script doesn't occur/invalidated. None of the other options invalidate the script.

Hence, option C is correct

 

 

Verbal For CAT 2019 ( Slot - I) - Question 25

Five sentences related to a topic are given below in a jumbled order. Four of them form a coherent and unified paragraph. Identify the odd sentence that does not go with the four. Key in the number of the option that you choose. 

1. ‘Stat’ signaled something measurable, while ‘matic’ advert ised free labour; but ‘tron’, above all, indicated control. 

2. It was a totem of high modernism, the intellectual and cultural mode that decreed no process or phenomenon was too complex to be grasped, managed and optimized. 

3. Like the heraldic shields of ancient knights, these morphemes were painted onto the names of scientific technologies to proclaim one’s history and achievements to friends and enemies alike. 

4. The historian Robert Proctor at Stanford University calls the suffix ‘-tron’, along with ‘-matic’ and ‘-stat’, embodied symbols. 

5. To gain the suffix was to acquire a proud and optimistic emblem of the electronic and atomic age.


Detailed Solution for Verbal For CAT 2019 ( Slot - I) - Question 25

Option 4 and option 5 are related as both statement start with a suffix.

While option 3 is a continuation of the idea in option 3

Option 5 says that the suffix signifies pride, while option 3 elaborates on this and explains how it is displayed as pride to friends and families alike. Hence 53 is a logical block.

Among all the statements, 4 is the only one which doesn't have a pronoun or a tone indicating the presence of a preceding statement.

While 4 opens the statement, it must be succeeded by 1 as the terms cannot be explained at the end.

The logical coherence of this para jumble is 4(Introduction of terms)-1 (Explanation of terms)-5 (Consequence of terms (Pride))-3 (Elaboration of consequence)

Statement 2 speaks about modernism and that every phenomenon can be easily grasped. It is unrelated to the context of the passage and a misfit.

Hence, option 2 is the odd one out

 

 

Verbal For CAT 2019 ( Slot - I) - Question 26

The four sentences (labeled 1, 2, 3, 4) given below, when properly sequenced would yield a coherent paragraph. Decide on the proper sequence of the order of the sentences and key in the sequence of the four numbers as your answer.

1. People with dyslexia have difficulty with print-reading, and people with autism spectrum disorder have difficulty with mind-reading.

2. An example of a lost cognitive instinct is mind-reading: our capacity to think of ourselves and others as having beliefs, desires, thoughts and feelings.

3. Mind-reading looks increasingly like literacy, a skill we know for sure is not in our genes, since scripts have been around for only 5,000-6,000 years.

4. Print-reading, like mind-reading varies across cultures, depends heavily on certain parts of the brain, and is subject to developmental disorders.


Detailed Solution for Verbal For CAT 2019 ( Slot - I) - Question 26
Statement 1 displays a contrast of 2 kinds of reading. Logically these reading types must be defined before their negatives are discussed. This indicates that both statement 2 and 4 necessarily precede statement 1 

Statement 4 and 1 form a logical block as statement 4 introduces the idea of developmental disorders while statement 1 cites example of such disorders.

Statement 4 cannot be opening as it has a phrase "like mind reading". While, Statement 3 can neither be an opening nor closing statement.

Hence, statement 2 is a good introductory statement as it starts by describing mind reading and statement 3 extends the idea of mindreading. As 3 doesn't fit anywhere else, it has to necessarily follow statement 2 

Hence, the correct order is 2341

Verbal For CAT 2019 ( Slot - I) - Question 27

The four sentences (labeled 1, 2, 3, 4) given below, when properly sequenced would yield a coherent paragraph. Decide on the proper sequence of the order of the sentences and key in the sequence of the four numbers as your answer.

1. Metaphors may map to similar meanings across languages, but their subtle differences can have a profound effect on our understanding of the world.

2. Latin scholars point out carpe diem is a horticultural metaphor that, particularly seen in the context of its source, is more accurately translated as “plucking the day,” evoking the plucking and gathering of ripening fruits or flowers, enjoying a moment that is rooted in the sensory experience of nature, unrelated to the force implied in seizing.

3. The phrase carpe diem, which is often translated as “seize the day and its accompanying philosophy, has gone on to inspire countless people in how they live their lives and motivates us to see the world a little differently from the norm

4. It’s an example of one of the more telling ways that we mistranslated metaphors from one language to another, revealing in the process our hidden assumptions about what we really value.


Detailed Solution for Verbal For CAT 2019 ( Slot - I) - Question 27
Statement 3 and 2 form a natural block. While statement 3 describes "carpe diem", statement 4 explains how every language has subtle

differences in its essence and interpretation. Statement 4 says "its an example of" suggesting to the logical block 32 which shows misinterpretation of metaphor. Hence, 324 forms a block. While statement 1 can serve as both opening as concluding closing statement.

Both the sequesnces 3241 and 1324 seem accurate. Although CAT 2019, considered 3241 as the final answer to this parajumble with statement 1 concluding the paragragh.

Verbal For CAT 2019 ( Slot - I) - Question 28

The four sentences (labeled 1, 2, 3, 4) given below, when properly sequenced would yield a coherent paragraph. Decide on the proper sequence of the order of the sentences and key in the sequence of the four numbers as your answer.

1. We’ll all live under mob rule until then, which doesn’t help anyone.

2. Perhaps we need to learn to condense the feedback we receive online so that 100 replies carry the same weight as just one.

3. As we grow more comfortable with social media conversations being part of the way we interact every day, we are going to have to learn how to deal with legitimate criticism.

4. A new norm will arise where it is considered unacceptable to reply with the same point that dozens of others have already.


Detailed Solution for Verbal For CAT 2019 ( Slot - I) - Question 28
Statement 1 suggests that we will live under mob-rule until a specific event occurs. Hence, it cannot be the opening statement.

Statement 2 is a suggestion to deal with criticism.

Statement 3 is a good opening statement as it sets the agenda for the passage.

Statement 4 says that in the upcoming future, repetitive criticism will not be permitted.

41 makes a logical block as statement 4 talks about a specific event, where mob frenzy attitude is curtailed by eliminating repetitive criticism. Until this occurs, we will live under mob-rule.

Statement 3 opens the passage that we need to learn to deal with criticism. While statement 2 extends the idea as to how one has to deal with criticism on a personal level. Then, the author speaks about curtailing mob culture by censoring repetitive criticism.

Hence, the correct logical order is 3241

Verbal For CAT 2019 ( Slot - I) - Question 29

The passage given below is followed by four alternate summaries. Choose the option that best captures the essence of the passage.

Vance Packard’s The Hidden Persuaders alerted the public to the psychoanalytical techniques used by the advertising industry. Its premise was that advertising agencies were using depth interviews to identify hidden consumer motivations, which were then used to entice consumers to buy goods. Critics and reporters often wrongly assumed that Packard was writing mainly about subliminal advertising. Packard never mentioned the word subliminal, however, and devoted very little space to discussions of “subthreshold” effects. Instead, his views largely aligned with the notion that individuals do not always have access to their conscious thoughts and can be persuaded by supraliminal messages without their knowledge.

Detailed Solution for Verbal For CAT 2019 ( Slot - I) - Question 29
In this context, "Psychoanalytical analytical technique" implies that the advertising agencies are adapting methods to tap into the unconscious mind of the consumers. They are conducting detailed interviews to identify hidden motivations.

Here, subliminal advertising represents some portion of the ad being difficult to comprehend or simply put, when one of the motives of the ad is so subtle that it is difficult to be understood by a layman.

While supraliminal advertising can be clearly conceived by most people.

Packard claims that the 'Hidden persuaders' use supraliminal advertising to entice customers by tapping into consumers without their knowledge. (....can be persuaded by supraliminal messages without their knowledge.) Option B and D say that the method is subliminal, hence, it is incorrect Option C says that people are well aware about being persuaded, hence incorrect.

Option A is a wholesome summary of the method of persuation.

Verbal For CAT 2019 ( Slot - I) - Question 30

The passage given below is followed by four alternate summaries. Choose the option that best captures the essence of the passage.

A distinguishing feature of language is our ability to refer to absent things, known as displaced reference. A speaker can bring distant referents to mind in the absence of any obvious stimuli. Thoughts, not limited to the here and now, can pop into our heads for unfathomable reasons. This ability to think about distant things necessarily precedes the ability to talk about them. Thought precedes meaningful referential communication. A prerequisite for the emergence of human-like meaningful symbols is that the mental categories they relate to can be invoked even in the absence of immediate stimuli.

Detailed Solution for Verbal For CAT 2019 ( Slot - I) - Question 30
The paragraph says that humans think about past occurrences suddenly without any immediate stimuli.

The author also says that thinking/thoughts about a certain distant past is a necessity before one can speak about it.

He says that thoughts are a prerequisite before one talks about it. He also gives an example that various human-like symbols might have emerged without any immediate stimuli.

Option A and C: There is no mention of specificity to humans in the passage Option B : "All speech acts" is a false generalisation. The passage says that speaking about distant past requires thinking about it first Option D : It clearly captures the essence of the passage and says that one needs to think about distant past events before talking about them. Hence option D is correct.

Verbal For CAT 2019 ( Slot - I) - Question 31

The four sentences (labeled 1, 2, 3, 4) given below, when properly sequenced would yield a coherent paragraph. Decide on the proper sequence of the order of the sentences and key in the sequence of the four numbers as your answer.

1. If you’ve seen a little line of text on websites that says something like "customers who bought this also enjoyed that” you have experienced this collaborative filtering firsthand.

2. The problem with these algorithms is that they don’t take into account a host of nuances and circumstances that might interfere with their accuracy.

3. If you just bought a gardening book for your cousin, you might get a flurry of links to books about gardening, recommended just for you! - the algorithm has no way of knowing you hate gardening and only bought the book as a gift.

4. Collaborative filtering is a mathematical algorithm by which correlations and co-occurrences of behaviors are tracked and then used to make recommendations.


Detailed Solution for Verbal For CAT 2019 ( Slot - I) - Question 31
Statement 1 says "this collaborative filtering". Here "this" refers to a likely preceding statement which explains about collaborative filtering. While statement 1 is an example of collaborative filtering.

Statement 2 starts with "these algorithms". This doesn't look like an opening statement as it describes a certain algorithm ("these").

Statement 3 is explaining about the flaw in the algorithm Statement 4 makes for a good opening statement

Statement 41 makes a logical block as the example in 1 refers to collaborative filtering of statement 4 Statement 2 must appear soon after the logical block of 41 as it contains the phrase "these algorithms". While statement 2 explains the problem in the algorithm, statement 3 extends the idea of the problem.

Statement 4 : Introduces collaborative filtering

Statement 1 : Given an example of collaborative filtering

Statement 2 : Speaks about the drawback in the algorithm

Statement 3 : Gives an example of the drawback

Hence the logically coherent order is 4123

Verbal For CAT 2019 ( Slot - I) - Question 32

Five sentences related to a topic are given below. Four of them can be put together to form a meaningful and coherent short paragraph.

Identify the odd one out.

Choose its number as your answer and key it in. 

1. His idea to use sign language was not a completely new idea as Native Americans used hand gestures to communicate with other tribes. 

2. Ancient Greek philosopher Aristotle, for example, observed that men who are deaf are incapable of speech. 

3. People who were born deaf were denied the right to sign a will as they were “presumed to understand nothing; because it is not possible that they have been able to learn to read or write.” 

4. Pushback against this prejudice began in the 16th century when Pedro Ponce de León created a formal sign language for the hearing impaired. 

5. For millennia, people with hearing impairments encountered marginalization because it was believed that language could only be learned by hearing the spoken word.


Detailed Solution for Verbal For CAT 2019 ( Slot - I) - Question 32
Statement 34 makes a logical block as statement 4 speaks about "this prejudice" against deaf people. While statement 3 highlights the prejudice by saying that they were considered to be dumb and not allowed to sign a will.

The idea of sign language is continued in statement 1 where the pronoun "he" refers to pedro and the statement discusses about the origin of the sign language.

Statement 5 is a good opening statement as it introduces the idea of discrimination against deaf and this idea is continued by an example in statement 3. Hence these statements can be arranged in the order 5341.

Statement 2 is a good standalone opening statement. Yet, this statement cannot be succeeded by any of the other statements as it is a misfit in the paragraph.

Hence statement 2 is the odd one out

Verbal For CAT 2019 ( Slot - I) - Question 33

The passage given below is followed by four alternate summaries. Choose the option that best captures the essence of the passage.

Physics is a pure science that seeks to understand the behavior of matter without regard to whether it will afford any practical benefit.

Engineering is the correlative applied science in which physical theories are put to some specific use, such as building a bridge or a nuclear reactor. Engineers obviously rely heavily on the discoveries of physicists, but an engineer's knowledge of the world is not the same as the physicist's knowledge. In fact, an engineer's know-how will often depend on physical theories that, from the point of view of pure physics, are false. There are some reasons for this. First, theories that are false in the purest and strictest sense are still sometimes very good approximations to the true ones, and often have the added virtue of being much easier to work with. Second, sometimes the true theories apply only under highly idealized conditions which can only be created under controlled experimental situations. The engineer finds that in the real world, theories rejected by physicists yield more accurate predictions than the ones that they accept.

Detailed Solution for Verbal For CAT 2019 ( Slot - I) - Question 33
The passage says that pure science intends to discover without any end-goal in mind. While engineers use these benefits for practical applications. The author says that the science behind these practical applications are often considered false by pure science since they are approximated or not applied as per ideal conditions. In any case, even though they are rejected, these approximated science theories find lot of practical applications in everyday life.

Option A is correct. By diluting science, these theories are put into practical benefits. Hence, option A is correct 

Option B is incorrect as no such implication can be drawn from the passage 

Option C is incorrect. Linear relationship indicates that, if a certain theory is rejected by pure science, it is bound to be rejected by applied science too. This is clearly not the case as engineers use rejected theories for practical benefits.

Option D speaks only about engineers and has no reference to sciences or the main point of the paragraph. The paragraph intends to compare the functionalities of scientists and engineers while option D is specific to engineers and does not encapsulate the essence of the paragraph.

Hence, by way of elimination Option A is the most suitable summary

Verbal For CAT 2019 ( Slot - I) - Question 34

Five sentences related to a topic are given below. Four of them can be put together to form a meaningful and coherent short paragraph.

Identify the odd one out.

Choose its number as your answer and key it in. 

1. One argument is that actors that do not fit within a single, well-defined category may suffer an “illegitimacy discount”. 

2. Others believe that complex identities confuse audiences about an organization’s role or purpose. 

3. Some organizations have complex and multidimensional identities that span or combine categories, while other organizations possess narrow identities. 

4. Identity is one of the most important features of organizations, but there exist opposing views among sociologists about how identity affects organizational performance. 

5. Those who think that complex identities are beneficial point to the strategic advantages of ambiguity, and organizations’ potential to differentiate themselves from competitors.


Detailed Solution for Verbal For CAT 2019 ( Slot - I) - Question 34
Statement 1 says that actors who do not fit within a certain category such as "humour", "action" etc will face certain difficulty

Statement 2 has a negative tone. It starts with "others" indicating that the preceding statement is likely to have a positive tone.

Statement 4 is a good opening statement as it sets the agenda for the passage by saying that there are opposing views with regard to effects of identities in organisations.

Statement 5 is a favourable view to complex identities, a positive tone. Hence 52 is a logical block.

Statement 3 cannot open the paragraph as the succeeding statement 4 will be disconnected to the central idea of statement 1.

Statement 3 can neither be a conclusion as it is too generic. Hence, statement 3 can logically occur only after statement 4 and before the logical block 52. 

4 - Idea of organizational identity introduced 

3 - One of the features of organisational identities explained 

52 - Two opposing views expressed 

Statement 1 is unrelated to organisational identity as it speaks about stereotyping the actors.

Hence statement 1 is odd one out

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