Which one of the following organisms is an indicator of fecal contamination?
Enzyme-linked immunosorbent assay (ELISA) is used for
At the transcription start site of a gene, any of the four nucleotides can occur with equal probability p. The Shannon Entropy S, given by this start site is ____.
Given data: ln (2) = 0.69
The transcription factor X binds a 10 base pair DNA stretch. In the DNA of an organism, X was found to bind at 20 distinct sites. An analysis of these 20 binding sites showed the following distribution:
Q. What is the consensus sequence for the binding site of X?
Macrophages eliminate pathogenic bacteria upon activation by
A bacterium has a genome of size 6 million base pairs. If the average rate of DNA synthesis is 1000 base paris/second, the time taken (in minutes) for replication of the genome will be ___
An enzyme catalyzes a reaction by
Which one of the following techniques can be used to determine the structure of a 15 kDa globular protein at atomic resolution?
In eukaryotes, cytokinesis is inhibited by
Which one of the following mechanisms is used by human pathogens to evade host immune responses?
An enzyme reaction exhibits Michaelis-Menten kinetics. For this reaction, on doubling the concentration of enzyme while maintaining [S] >> [E0].
The surface area (in m2) of the largest sphere that can fit into a hollow cube with edges of length 1 meter is ______ .
Given data: π = 3.14
Assertion [a]: Gram negative bacteria show staining with saffranin.
Reason [r] : Gram negative bacteria have an outer membrane with lipopolysaccharides
A proto-oncogene is suspected to have undergone duplication in a certain type of cancer. Of the following techniques, which one would verify the gene duplication?
For y f (x), if = 0 at x = 0, and y = 1 at x = 1, the value of y at x = 2 is ____ .
If a protein contains four cysteine residues, the number of different ways they can simultaneously form two intra-molecular disulphide bonds is ____.
Natural proteins are composed primarily of 20 α − amino acids. Which one of the following statements is true for any of these amino acids in a solution of pH 1.5?
During protein synthesis, tRNAs are NOT involved in
A polymerase chain reaction (PCR) was set up with the following reagents: DNA template. Taq polymerase, butter, dNTPs, and Mg2+ . Which one of the following is missing in the reaction mixture?
The plant hormone indole-3-acetic acid is derived from
Secretory proteins synthesized by ER-associated ribosomes traverse through
A 5 liter chemostat is fed fresh medium at 0.2 litres/minute having a substrate concentration of 25 grams/liter. At steady state, the outgoing stream has substrate concentration of 2.5 grams/liter. The rate of consumption (grams/liter/minute) of the substrate in the reactor is ___.
If the nucleotide composition (%) of a viral genome is A = 10, U = 20, C = 40, and G = 30,
which one of the following is this genome?
In a thin layer chromatography experiment using a silica gel plate, a compound showed migration of 12.5 cm and the solvent front showed migration of 18 cm. The Rf value for the compound is ____ .
A pedigree of an inheritable disease is shown below.
This inheritable disease is
A DNA strand of length 25 mm wraps diametrically around the circumference of a spherical histone-octamer once. The radius (nm) of the histone-octamer is _____ .
Given data: π = 3.14
A recombinant protein is to be expressed under the control of the lac promoter and operator in a strain of E.coli having the genotype lacl+ crp+. Even in the absence of inducer IPTG, low levels of expression of the recombinant protein are seen (leaky expression). Which one of the following should be done to minimize such leaky expression?
EcoRI restriction sites on a 10kb DNA fragment are shown below.
Upon partial digestion, what are the lengths (in kb) of all the possible DNA fragments obtained?
A zero-order liquid phase reaction is being carried out in a batch reactor with k = 103 mol / min. If the starting concentration of A is 0.1 moles/liter, the time (in minutes) taken by the system before A is exhausted in a 100 liter reactor is ____ .
The interaction energy E between two spherical particles is plotted as a function of the distance (r) between them. When r < a, where a is a constant, the net force between the spherical particles is repulsive. When r ≥ a, they attract via van der Waals attraction. Which one of the following plots correctly represents the interaction energy between the above two particles?
The value of c for which the following system of linear equations has an infinite number of solution is ____ .
Which one of the following amino acids has three ionizable groups?
The distribution of marks scored by a large class in an exam can be represented as a normal distribution with mean µ and standard deviation σ. In a follow-up exam in the same class, everyone scored 5 marks more than their respective score in the earlier exam. For this followup exam, the distribution of marks can be represented as a normal distribution with mean µ2 and standard deviation σ2, Which one of the following is correct?
Which one of the following CANNOT be a recognition sequence for a Type II restriction enzyme?
Match the plant hormones in Column I with functions in Column II
One hundred E.Coli cells are each infected by single λ phage particle. The ratio of the number of phage particles committing to lysogeny to those committing to lysis is 4:1. Assuming that the average burst size is 80, the number of free phage particles released after one round of infection is ____ .
Which one of the following organisms is responsible for crown gall disease in plants?
The specific activity of an enzyme in a crude extract of E.coli is 9.5 units/mg of protein. The specific activity increased to 68 units/mg of protein upon ion-exchange chromatography. The fold purification is ___.
Shown below is a plasmid vector (P) and an insert (Q). The insert was cloned into the BamHI site of the vector. The recombinant plasmid was isolated and digested with BamHI or XhoL. The results from the digestion experiments are shown in (R).
Q. Which one of the following explains the digestion results shown in (R)?
For an E.coli culture in the exponential phase of growth, optical density (OD) at 540 nm is 0.3 at hours and 0.6 at 4 hours. Assuming that the measured OD is linearly proportional to the number of E.coli cells, the growth rate (per hour) for this culture is ____.
Consider an infinite number of cylinders. The first cylinder has a radius of 1 meter and height of 1 meter. The second one has a radius of 0.5 meter and height of 0.5 meter. Every subsequent cylinder has half the radius and half the height of the preceding cylinder. The sum of the volumes (in cubic meters) of these infinite number of cylinders is ____.
Given data: π = 3.14
The concentration (in micromolar) of NADH in a solution with is ____.
Given data: Path length = 1 cm; Molar extinction coefficient of NADH = 6220M-1cm-1
During anaerobic growth, an organism converts glucose (P) into biomass (Q), ethanol (R) acetaldehyde (S), and glycerol (T). Every mole of carbon present in glucose gets distributed among the products as follows:
1(C − moleP) → 0.14 (C − moleQ) + 0.25 (C − moleR) + 0.3 (C − moleS) + 0.31(C − moleT)
From 1800 grams of glucose fed to the organism, the ethanol produced (in grams) is ____.
Given data: Atomic weights (Da) of C = 12, H = 1, o − 16, and N = 14
Which of the following conditions promote the development of human autoimmune disorders? P. Inability to eliminate self-reactive lymphocytes
Q. Generation of auto-antibodies
R. Ability to eliminate self-reactive T-cells
S. Induction of regulatory T-cells in the thymus
The genome is diploid at the end of which phases of a human mitotic cell cycle?
Match the proteins in Group I with cellular processes in Group II.
Which one of the following graphs represents the kinetics of protein precipitation by addition of ammonium sulphate? On the Y-axis, [Protein] represents the concentration of free protein in solution.
Match the organisms in Column I with the characteristics in Column II
An immunocompetent person becomes infected with a pathogenic strain of bacteria. Which of the following graphs correctly depicts bacterial load in this person over time
For the probability density
The circular dichroism spectra of three proteins P, Q and R are given below:
The angle (in degrees) between the vectors
Growth of a microbe in a test tube is modeled as where, X is the biomass, r is the growth rate, and K is the carrying of the environment (r ≠ 0; k ≠ 0). If the value of starting biomass is K/100, which one of the following graphs qualitatively represents the growth dynamics?
If the chemical composition of proteins in an organism is CH1.5 O0.3 N0.3S0.004 , the mass percentage of carbon in the proteins is ____.
Given data: Atomic weights (Da) of C= 12 , H = 1, O = 16, N = 14 and S = 32.
Some tables are shelves. Some shelves are chairs. All chairs are benches. Which of the following conclusions can be deduced from the preceding sentences?
i. At least one bench is a table
ii. At least one shelf is a bench
iii. At least one chair is a table
iv. All benches are chairs.
I _________________ made arrangements had I ______________ informed earlier.
She has a sharp tongue and it can occasionally turn_______
40% of deaths on city roads may be attributed to drunken driving. The number of degrees needed to represent this as a slice of a pie chart is
Given 40% of deaths on city roads are drunken driving
In the summer, water consumption is known to decrease overall by 25%. A Water Board official states that in the summer household consumption decreases by 20%.while other consumption increases by 70%
Q. Which of the following statements is correct?
Let H is house hold consumption and P is the other consumption.
‘If you are looking for a history of India, or for an account of the rise and fall of the British Raj, or for the reason of the cleaving of the subcontinent into two mutually antagonistic parts and the effects this multilation will have in the respective section, and ultimately on Asia, you will not find events, and was too intimately associated with the actors, to get the perspective needed for the impartial recording of these matters”.
Here, the word ‘antagonistic’ is closest in meaning to
There are 3 Indians and 3 Chinese in a group of 6 people. How many subgroups of this group can we choose so that every subgroup has at least one Indian?
No. of sub groups such that every sub group has at least one Indian
Trucks (10 m long) and cars (5 long) go on a single lane bridge. There must be gap of at least 20 m after each truck and a gap of atleast 15 m after each car. Trucks and cars travel at a speed of 36 km/h. If cars and trucks go alternately. What is the maximum number of vehicles that can use the bridge in one hour?
Given speeds both car & Truck = 36 km/hour
They travel in 1 hr = 36 km = 36000 m.
Maximum no.of vehicles than can use the bridge in 1hour = 36000/50m =
Length of truck + gap required = 10+20 = 30m
Length of car + gap required = 5+15 = 20m
Alternative pairs of Truck and car needs 30+ 20 = 50 m.
Let 'n' be the number of repetition of (Truck + car) in 1 hour (3600 sec).
A contour line joins locations having the same height above the mean sea level. The following is a contour plot of a geographical region. Contour lines are shown at 25 m intervals in this plot.
The path from P to Q is best described by
S.T.U.V.W.W.X.Y. and Z are seated around a circular table. T’s neighbours are Y and V. Z is seated third to the left of T and second to the right of S. U;s neighbours are S and Y; and T and W are not seated opposite each other. Who is third to the left of V?
Following circular seating arrangement can be drawn.
Only one such arrangement can be drawn.
The person on third to the left of V is X.