10 Questions MCQ Test Basic English Grammar for Competitive Exams - Test: Type III (Tenses)
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What time does the tense in the following sentence express?
Let's wait till he comes.
Detailed Solution for Test: Type III (Tenses) - Question 1
Options A and C: In the given sentence, the speaker suggests that 'they' should wait till 'he' comes. This means that, he has not yet come. This sounds like the future tense. The future tense refers to an action that is yet to happen. The person 'he' is yet to come. Hence option C is correct.
Even though 'comes' is in simple present tense, the meaning changes because of the addition of the word 'till'. Often, a simple present verb is used to indicate a future action. For example, 'the train leaves at 6 o'clock'. Hence option A is incorrect.
Option B: Since the action has not yet happened, it cannot be in the past. Thus option B is incorrect.
Option D is incorrect as the answer lies in C.
Read the following and frame meaningful questions:
A friend of yours is saving money to go on holiday. You ask:
(how long / save?) ______
(how much money / save?) ______
Detailed Solution for Test: Type III (Tenses) - Question 2
The phrase "is saving" indicates that the individual is still in the process of saving money up to the current moment. To express that the action of saving started in the past and continues up to the present, we should use the present perfect continuous tense. This tense follows the syntax of "has/have + been + verb (ing)".
On the other hand, when we want to convey that an action occurred at an indefinite time in the past, we use the present perfect tense. The structure for this tense is "has/have + verb in its third form".
Therefore, the correct option is:
How long have you been saving?
How much money have you saved?
Identify the tense used in the following sentence:
They will have worn their best dresses.
Detailed Solution for Test: Type III (Tenses) - Question 3
Here, 'will have worn' indicates Future Perfect. It is used to indicate an action that will be complete before another event takes place.
Future Perfect Continuous (will have been wearing) is used to indicate an action that will have happened for some time and will not be complete yet at a certain point in the future.
Present Perfect (have worn) is used to indicate an action which started in the past and has continued up untill now.
Future Continuous (will be wearing) indicates what will be going on in the near future.
In determining the tense of a sentence, what is most important?
Detailed Solution for Test: Type III (Tenses) - Question 4
The tense of a sentence is formed by the use of the main verb along with any auxiliary verbs. So, the correct answer is 'verb of the sentence'.
The subject is important but not as important as Verb when it comes to determining the tense of a sentence, hence option 'A' is incorrect.
The object is used only with a Transitive verb, so the object is not required in every sentence.
Conjunctions are the words that connect sentences, words, phrases, or clauses but conjunctions are not required in every sentence, hence option 'D' is incorrect.
The correct answer is option 'C'
Correct the following sentence at the underlined point:
When they opened the door, they found the room was far darker than what Mark.
Detailed Solution for Test: Type III (Tenses) - Question 5
Mark had probably told them that the room was dark before they entered it. Therefore, Mark had remembered the darkness previously. Hence, Option A is correct. The rest of the options do not follow the proper order of events, hence incorrect.
Fill in the blanks with the most appropriate words.
I didn't answer the phone when it ________ because I ________ a shower, so I _______ it until it was too late.
Detailed Solution for Test: Type III (Tenses) - Question 7
The verb "ring" is in the past tense "rang," and "was having" is the past continuous tense used to express an ongoing action in the past. Additionally, "didn't hear" is the correct verb phrase to indicate that the speaker was unable to hear the phone.
Option B is incorrect because "rung" is not the correct past participle of "ring," and "wasn't heard" is not the appropriate verb phrase in this context.
Option C is incorrect because "was ringing" is present continuous tense, and "had" is not a suitable verb to use in this context.
Option D is incorrect because "wasn't heard" is not the appropriate verb phrase to indicate that the speaker didn't hear the phone.
Fill in the blank with the most appropriate word.
A: Why have you set your alarm clock to go off at 5.30?
B: Because I ________ then. I have to catch the early train.
Detailed Solution for Test: Type III (Tenses) - Question 8
The correct answer is "am going to get up". This means that person B intends to wake up at 5.30 in the future, in order to catch the early train. The present continuous tense "am going to get up" indicates a planned action in the future.
The other options, such as "get up" or "have got", do not convey the future tense or the intention of the speaker to wake up at a specific time. "Was going to get up" is in the past continuous tense, which does not make sense in this context. Therefore, "am going to get up" is the most appropriate word to fill in the blank.
Fill in the blanks with the most appropriate words.
Now she _____alone, but when she was a child she _____with her mother and sisters.
Detailed Solution for Test: Type III (Tenses) - Question 9
The first blank should be filled with the present tense of the verb "live", which is "lives", since the sentence is referring to the present situation of the woman. The second blank should be filled with the past tense of the verb "live", which is "lived", since the sentence is referring to a past situation when the woman was a child.
Option (C) is also correct because it uses the correct tenses as well.
Option (D) is incorrect because the verb in the first blank should be in the present tense and not in the infinitive form "live".
Option (A) is incorrect because both verbs should not be in the past tense, as the first blank refers to the present situation of the woman.
Therefore, both (B) "Lives / lived" and (C) "Lived / lives" are correct answers. I apologize for any confusion my previous answer may have caused.
Which of the following sentences is in the present perfect tense?
Detailed Solution for Test: Type III (Tenses) - Question 10
The present perfect tense is used to describe actions or events that started in the past and continue up to the present moment. The sentence "She has been sleeping for hours" uses the present perfect tense to describe an action that started in the past and is still happening in the present.
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