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Test: Biology - 1 for NEET 2022 is part of NEET Mock Test Series preparation. The Test: Biology - 1 questions and answers have been prepared according to the NEET exam syllabus.The Test: Biology - 1 MCQs are made for NEET 2022 Exam. Find important definitions, questions, notes, meanings, examples, exercises, MCQs and online tests for Test: Biology - 1 below.
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Test: Biology - 1 - Question 1

Water is absorbed by

Detailed Solution for Test: Biology - 1 - Question 1

Plants absorb water from the soil by osmosis. Root hair cells are adapted for this by having a large surface area to speed up osmosis. The absorbed water is transported through the rootsto the rest of the plant where it is used for different purposes: It is a reactant used in photosynthesis.

Test: Biology - 1 - Question 2

“Lily family” is

Detailed Solution for Test: Biology - 1 - Question 2

The lily family, Liliaceae, consists of about 15 genera and about 705 known species of flowering plants within the order Liliales. They are monocotyledonous, perennial, herbaceous, often bulbous geophytes. Plants in this family have evolved with a fair amount of morphological diversity despite genetic similarity.

Test: Biology - 1 - Question 3

“Awn” present in family

Detailed Solution for Test: Biology - 1 - Question 3

In botany an awn is either hair or bristle like appendage on a large structure , or in the case of asteraceae ,a stiff needle like element of pappus . Awns are characteristics of various plants families, including geraniacea and many grass (poaceae)

Test: Biology - 1 - Question 4

Urtica dioica is

Detailed Solution for Test: Biology - 1 - Question 4

Urtica diocia is nettles. It is a dioecious, herbaceous, perennial plant, having widely spreading rhizomes and stolons. In addition it produces inflammatory reactions on skin by biochemical irritants, such as, histamine, serotonin and choline.

Test: Biology - 1 - Question 5

Which of the following cell organelle can be viewed by a light microscope?

Detailed Solution for Test: Biology - 1 - Question 5

Thus, light microscopes allow one to visualize cells and their larger components such as nuclei, nucleoli, secretory granules, lysosomes, and large mitochondria.

Test: Biology - 1 - Question 6

Fruit of “love grass” & “spear grass” are dispersed by

Detailed Solution for Test: Biology - 1 - Question 6

love grass and spear grass are provided with stiff hairs curved backwards . So that they stick easily to animals

Test: Biology - 1 - Question 7

In Abrus and Pea the fruit disperses its seeds through

Detailed Solution for Test: Biology - 1 - Question 7

Because fabaceae plants have special type of dispersion called piston mechanism

Test: Biology - 1 - Question 8

The distinguishing character of imparipinnate leaf is that

Detailed Solution for Test: Biology - 1 - Question 8

Imparipinnate leaf is the pinnately compound leaf in which it has long terminal leaflet rather than a pair of leaflet and that terminal leaflet is called old pinnate or old leaf.

Test: Biology - 1 - Question 9

Pitcher (Nepenthes sp.) are formed from

Detailed Solution for Test: Biology - 1 - Question 9

Epiodium is leaf lamina. in nepenthes ,the pitcher is modified leaf lamina.This help the plant to pray insect and fulfill its nitrogen requirement

Test: Biology - 1 - Question 10

Stone cell is present in

Detailed Solution for Test: Biology - 1 - Question 10

Stone cell which is a type of scleroids provide rigidity to plant parts.it is present in Psidium sp. & Pear

Test: Biology - 1 - Question 11

Which is correct?

a) Argemone – axile,

b) China rose – free central,

c) Lemon – axile,

d) mustard – parietal.

Detailed Solution for Test: Biology - 1 - Question 11

Parietal:

  • This type of placentation is found in the unilocular syncarpous ovary. In it, the ovule develops on the inner wall of the ovary or on the peripheral part.
  • Ovary becomes bi or multilocular due to the formation a false septum.
  • For example, Cucurbita, Argemone and Cruciferae family (Mustard). 

Axile:

  • It is found in multicarpellary syncarpous gynoecium. The fusion margin of carpels grows inward and meets in the centre of the ovary.
  • Thus, an axis forms in the centre of the ovary and the ovary becomes multi-chambered. The ovules are borne at the central axis.
  • A number of these chambers are equal to the number of the carpel.
  • For example,  Potato, China rose, Onion, Lemon, Orange, Tomato.
Test: Biology - 1 - Question 12

“Bhojpatra” is obtained from

Detailed Solution for Test: Biology - 1 - Question 12

Bhojpatra  is derived from Betula utilis.

Test: Biology - 1 - Question 13

Para rubber associated with

Detailed Solution for Test: Biology - 1 - Question 13

The para rubber tree is originated in Brazil. Its latex extracted from the tree’s trunk is a major source of natural rubber, which is obtained from vessel

Test: Biology - 1 - Question 14

Tunica corpus theory is connected with

Detailed Solution for Test: Biology - 1 - Question 14

Tunica-Corpus Theory: Schmidt in 1924 postulated tunica- corpus theory on the basis of studies of shoot apices of angiosperm. This theory is concerned with planes of cell division in the apex. In contrast to apical cell theory and histogen theory tunica-corpus theory is applicable only to shoot apex and not to root.

Test: Biology - 1 - Question 15

Root cap derived from

Detailed Solution for Test: Biology - 1 - Question 15

A fourth histogen, the calyptrogen, produces the root cap. The histogens have been thought to lie in linear order in the apex, with the initial cells of the vascular system toward the older part of the root, and those of the cap toward the tip.

Test: Biology - 1 - Question 16

Roots developed from parts of the plant other than radicle are called

Detailed Solution for Test: Biology - 1 - Question 16

Some roots, called adventitious roots, arise from an organ other than the root—usually a stem, sometimes a leaf. They are especially numerous on underground stems, such as rhizomes, corms, and tubers, and make it possible to vegetatively propagate many plants from stem or leaf cuttings.

Test: Biology - 1 - Question 17

Angiosperm without xylem vessel is

Detailed Solution for Test: Biology - 1 - Question 17

Here only utricularia is angiosperm

Dryopterris is pteridophyte

Gnetum and taxus are gymnosperms 

Test: Biology - 1 - Question 18

Spring wood always with

Detailed Solution for Test: Biology - 1 - Question 18

The xylem formed during the spring season contains numerous large vessels with wider lumen and possess less amount fibres. So, it acquires a greater radial width than the summer wood. The xylem formed during the summer and autumn season is very less amount since the activity of the cambium is highly reduced.

Test: Biology - 1 - Question 19

Plasma membrane is made up of

Detailed Solution for Test: Biology - 1 - Question 19

All cells are surrounded by a plasma membrane. The membrane is composed of a phospholipid bilayer arranged back-to-back. The membrane is also covered in places with cholesterol molecules and proteins. The plasma membrane is selectively permeable and regulates which molecules are allowed to enter and exit the cell.

Test: Biology - 1 - Question 20

Desmosomes are concerned with

Detailed Solution for Test: Biology - 1 - Question 20

Desmosomes (macula adherens) consists of intercellular thrckening matedals, disc-shaped intracellular thickening adjacent to each membrane with tonofibrils. These act as intercellular cementing material, adhere cells together at places like spot welding.

Test: Biology - 1 - Question 21

Transformation of membrane is the function of

Detailed Solution for Test: Biology - 1 - Question 21

Morphological and biochemical studies indicate that plasma membranes (PM) are derived from nuclear membranes (NM) or endoplasmic reticulum (ER) via the Golgi apparatus (GA) by a process of membrane flow and differentiation.According to this concept, membranes are transferred and transformed along a chain of cell components in a subcellular developmental pathway.

Test: Biology - 1 - Question 22

Cell wall is rigid because of

Detailed Solution for Test: Biology - 1 - Question 22

A hemicellulose (also known as polyose) is a heteropolymer (matrix polysaccharide), such as arabinoxylans, present along with cellulose in almost all plant cell walls.While cellulose is crystalline, strong, and resistant to hydrolysis, hemicellulose has a random, amorphous structure with little strength. It is easily hydrolyzed by dilute acid or base as well as a myriad of hemicellulase enzymes.

Test: Biology - 1 - Question 23

One of the following membrane system is considered to be extension of infolded plasma membrane

Detailed Solution for Test: Biology - 1 - Question 23
  • The endoplasmic reticulum (smooth and rough) is an interconnected network of flattened, membrane-enclosed sacs or tube-like structure which are evenly distributed throughout the cytoplasm.
  • It forms a continuous membrane system with the nuclear membrane which are the extensions of the infolded plasma membrane.
Test: Biology - 1 - Question 24

“Zone of exclusion” is associated with

Detailed Solution for Test: Biology - 1 - Question 24

An exclusion zone is a territorial division established for various case specific purposes. Per the United States Department of Defense, an exclusion zone is a territory where sanctioning body prohibits specific activities in a specific geographic area (see Military exclusion zone).

Test: Biology - 1 - Question 25

GERL complex is associated with

Detailed Solution for Test: Biology - 1 - Question 25

The formation of new lysosomes is depend on gogli body and golgi body synthesise depend upon endoplasmic reticulam. So this chain is called GERL complex 

Test: Biology - 1 - Question 26

What is nucleolar organizer

Detailed Solution for Test: Biology - 1 - Question 26

Nucleolar organizers are secondary construction within the mitotic chromosome of eukaryotes . Primary constriction occur at centromere . Nucleolar organizers give rise to Nucleolus in telophase of mitosis . During late telophase , RNA polymerase I being to transcribe rRNA gene once again , & newly synthesized rRNA likely nucleates the assembly of nucleolus by recruiting pre nuclear bodies to the transcription site.

Test: Biology - 1 - Question 27

Synaptonemal complex appears during

Detailed Solution for Test: Biology - 1 - Question 27

The synaptonemal complex (SC) is a protein structure that forms between homologous chromosomes (two pairs of sister chromatids) during meiosis and is thought to mediate chromosome pairing, synapsis, and recombination.

Test: Biology - 1 - Question 28

The interphase between meiosis I and II, when present, is called

Detailed Solution for Test: Biology - 1 - Question 28

Telophase I, is followed by an interphase, called interkinesis, similar to the mitoticinter phase. During interkinesis the chromatin is partially uncoiled; however, there is no replication of the genetic material, because each chromosome already consists of two chromatids.

Test: Biology - 1 - Question 29

Terminalisation occurs during

Detailed Solution for Test: Biology - 1 - Question 29

The two homologous chromosomes do not completely separate but remain attached together at one or more points as indicated by X arrangements known as Chiasmata.The displacement of Chiasmata is termed as terminalization.Terminalization is completed in Diakinesis stage.

Test: Biology - 1 - Question 30

Chromosomes counting is best done during

Detailed Solution for Test: Biology - 1 - Question 30

Because during metaphase, all the chromosomes lined up on the metaphase plate and further proceeding anaphase. So it is easy to count them at that stage by counting the number of functional centromere. Because the number of chromosomes = count the number of functional centromere.

Test: Biology - 1 - Question 31

Lampbrush chromosomes found in the oocytes of amphibians are seen in

Detailed Solution for Test: Biology - 1 - Question 31

Lampbrush chromosomes are a special form of chromosome found in the growing oocytes (immature eggs) of most animals, except mammals. They were first described by Walther Flemming in 1882. Lampbrush chromosomes of tailed and tailless amphibians, birds and insects are described best of all.

Test: Biology - 1 - Question 32

Which is the CORRECT order of phases ?

Detailed Solution for Test: Biology - 1 - Question 32

Prophase I is divided into five sub-phases: leptotene, zygotene, pachytene, diplotene and diakinesis. Another sub-phase called preleptonema is sometimes recognized prior to leptonema.

Test: Biology - 1 - Question 33

Nucleoproteins are synthesised in

Detailed Solution for Test: Biology - 1 - Question 33

Nucleoproteins are the conjugated proteins. These include ribonucleoproteins and occur in ribosomes. Deoxyribonucleoproteins occur in chromosomes.All proteins are formed in cytoplasm

Test: Biology - 1 - Question 34

Triglycerides on hydrolysis yield

Detailed Solution for Test: Biology - 1 - Question 34

Triglycerides (fats) can be hydrolyzed to produce glycerol and 3 fatty acids in the presence of acid and heat or with a suitable lipase enzyme under biological conditions.

Test: Biology - 1 - Question 35

An acidic amino acid is

Detailed Solution for Test: Biology - 1 - Question 35

Aspartic acid and glutamic acid are amino acids that have an additional carboxyl group that can release a proton and acquire a negative charge at the pH of body fluids.

Test: Biology - 1 - Question 36

Haemoglobin has

Detailed Solution for Test: Biology - 1 - Question 36

The structure for hemoglobin is very similar to myoglobin except that it has a quaternary structure due to the presence of four protein chain subunits.Each protein chain subunit contains a heme group with the iron attached. Each hemoglobin molecule can bind to a total of four oxygen molecules.

Test: Biology - 1 - Question 37

The end product glucose -6- phosphate causes _________ of allosteric enzymes hexokinase.

Detailed Solution for Test: Biology - 1 - Question 37

It inhibits hexokinase from allosteric site and this process is known as competitive inhibition.

Test: Biology - 1 - Question 38

The ovary is half inferior in flowers of

Detailed Solution for Test: Biology - 1 - Question 38

The ovary here is said to be half inferior, i.e, plum rose, peach, etc. If gynoecium is situated in the centre and other parts of the flowers are located on the rim of the thalamus almost at the same level, it is called perigynous. The ovary here is said to be half inferior, i.e, plum rose, peach, etc.

Test: Biology - 1 - Question 39

Mycolic acid occurs in the wall of

Detailed Solution for Test: Biology - 1 - Question 39

mycolic acids are found in the wall of mycobacterium tuberculosis , Mycobacterium leprae and rhodococcus(Actinomycetes)

Test: Biology - 1 - Question 40

The number of fatty acids present in a molecule of phospholipid is

Detailed Solution for Test: Biology - 1 - Question 40

The structure of the phospholipid molecule generally consists of two hydrophobic fatty acid "tails" and a hydrophilic "head" consisting of a phosphate group. The two components are joined together by a glycerol molecule.

Test: Biology - 1 - Question 41

An apoenzyme is a

Detailed Solution for Test: Biology - 1 - Question 41

The protienous part of an enzyme is known as apoenzyme.

Test: Biology - 1 - Question 42

Active site of an enzyme is formed of

Detailed Solution for Test: Biology - 1 - Question 42

Active site of an enzyme is formed of R - group of selected amino acid Because R - group of amino acid is variable part of amino acid . Which make bond with substrate & weaken the bond of substrate & form products .

Test: Biology - 1 - Question 43

Substrate concentration at which an enzyme attains half its maximum velocity is

Detailed Solution for Test: Biology - 1 - Question 43

A small Km indicates that the enzyme requires only a small amount of substrate to become saturated. Hence, the maximum velocity is reached at relatively low substrate concentrations. A large Km indicates the need for high substrate concentrations to achieve maximum reaction velocity.

Test: Biology - 1 - Question 44

The term meiosis was introduced by

Detailed Solution for Test: Biology - 1 - Question 44

Meiosis was discovered and described for the first time in sea urchin eggs in 1876 by the German biologist Oscar Hertwig. It was described again in 1883, at the level of chromosomes, by the Belgian zoologist Edouard Van Beneden, in Ascaris roundworm eggs.The term meiosis was introduced by Farmer and Moore

Test: Biology - 1 - Question 45

Smooth endoplasmic reticulum synthesis

Detailed Solution for Test: Biology - 1 - Question 45

The rough endoplasmic reticulum is especially prominent in cells such as hepatocytes. The smooth endoplasmic reticulum lacks ribosomes and functions in lipid synthesisand metabolism, the production of steroid hormones, and detoxification. The smooth ER is especially abundant in mammalian liver and gonad cells.

Test: Biology - 1 - Question 46

Neurilemma is the name for

Detailed Solution for Test: Biology - 1 - Question 46

Axon is sorrounded by sheath called (neurolemma) of special connective tissue called Schwann cell and ensheathed axon is called nerve fibre

Test: Biology - 1 - Question 47

Which of the following tissues has the minimum intercellular matrix?

Detailed Solution for Test: Biology - 1 - Question 47

In science, the extracellular matrix (ECM) is a collection of extracellular atoms emitted by cells that give auxiliary and biochemical help to the encompassing cells. Bones in our body are living tissue.

Test: Biology - 1 - Question 48

The camel’s hump is composed of a tissue which provides water when oxidized. It is

Detailed Solution for Test: Biology - 1 - Question 48

The animals in the Arctic and Antarctic lives there because of their layers of blubber, which is adipose tissue. The camel's hump is not a water storage organ but a thick hump of fat containing adipose tissue to protect the animal's internal organ from the heat of the desert. 

Test: Biology - 1 - Question 49

If a tendon gets ossified to form bone, such type of bone is called

Detailed Solution for Test: Biology - 1 - Question 49

Although the hyoid bone is free-floating, it is not technically a sesamoid bone. All sesamoid bones form directly from the connective tissue found in tendons and ligaments. By contrast, the hyoid bone forms from a cartilaginous precursor like most other bones in the body.

Test: Biology - 1 - Question 50

Match the following column I with II

Detailed Solution for Test: Biology - 1 - Question 50

1) Oxyntic cell (parietal cell): secrete HCl.
2) Goblet cell secret mucus
3) Chief cell secret prorennin and pepsinogen both are proenzyme
4) Hepatic cell secret Bile.

Test: Biology - 1 - Question 51

Pancreatic juice rich in water and electrolytes but poor in enzymes is secreted in response to

Detailed Solution for Test: Biology - 1 - Question 51

Secretin enzyme stimulates the acinar cells of pancreas to secrete water and bicarbonate in pancreatic ducts that drain into the duodenum.

Test: Biology - 1 - Question 52

Total gastrectomy may lead to

Detailed Solution for Test: Biology - 1 - Question 52

Iron deficiency anemia develops because removal of the stomach often leads to a marked decrease in the production of gastric acid.

Test: Biology - 1 - Question 53

If the bile-pancreatic duct is blocked, the following will NOT be affected

Detailed Solution for Test: Biology - 1 - Question 53

Level of blood glucose, because it's controlled by INSULIN hormone and it's released into blood vessels or near tissue and bile-pancreatic duct is not affected insulin level.

Test: Biology - 1 - Question 54

An adult person consumers boiled potato. Mark the correct statement regarding the digestion of food components

Detailed Solution for Test: Biology - 1 - Question 54

Cellulose can't be digested in human body.Starch will be digested. Lactase has no effect on carbohydrates.So , the last option is correct. DNA of the potato will be digested by DNAse enzyme

Test: Biology - 1 - Question 55

Humans can synthesis following vitamins

Detailed Solution for Test: Biology - 1 - Question 55

Humans can produce some vitamins from precursors they consume: for example, vitamin A is synthesized from beta carotene; and niacin is synthesized from the amino acid tryptophan.

When exposed to the sun, your skin can manufacture its own vitamin D. 

Test: Biology - 1 - Question 56

The chloride content of RBC will be higher than that of plasma in

Detailed Solution for Test: Biology - 1 - Question 56

While RBC is in systemic veins and pulmonary arteries, carrying some amount of CO2, the chloride ion is present in the RBC as a result of Haldane's effect/ Chloride shift effect. Hence, in systemic veins and pulmonary arteries the RBC have higher chloride ion concentration

Test: Biology - 1 - Question 57

Byssinosis is an occupational lung disease which may occur in

Detailed Solution for Test: Biology - 1 - Question 57

Byssinosis is an occupational lung disease that primarily affects workers in cotton processing, hemp or flax industries. Other names for byssinosis include Monday fever, brown lung disease, mill fever or cotton workers' lung.

Test: Biology - 1 - Question 58

If the volume of CO2 liberated during respiration is more than the volume of O2 used, the respiratory substrate will be

Detailed Solution for Test: Biology - 1 - Question 58

This is because a respiratory quotient (RQ) for Organic acids is more than one. fats and proteins have RQ less than 1. While carbohydrate have RQ = 1
RQ = (volume of CO2 evolved)÷(volume of O2 required)

Test: Biology - 1 - Question 59

Deoxyhemoglobin binds with more H than oxyhaemoglobin does. It is described by

Detailed Solution for Test: Biology - 1 - Question 59

In biology, the active site is the region of an enzyme where substrate molecules bind and undergo a chemical reaction. The active site consists of residues that form temporary bonds with the substrate (binding site) and residues that catalyse a reaction of that substrate (catalytic site).

Test: Biology - 1 - Question 60

If the oxyhaemoglobin dissociation curves of maternal and foetal haemoglobin are compared, the foetal curve will be on

Detailed Solution for Test: Biology - 1 - Question 60

As you know that efficiency of foetal RBC will be more then adults. So even at low pO2 (as compared to adults) %age of saturation will be high. So graph will move to left and sigmoid

Test: Biology - 1 - Question 61

First sound of heart beat is lower frequency and longer duration. It develops during

Detailed Solution for Test: Biology - 1 - Question 61

First heart sound is LUBB, produced at the beginning of ventricular systole due to closing of tricuspid and bicuspid valve and it is a dull sound for long period while second heart sound is DUPP produced at the beginning of ventricular diastole due to closing of semilunar valves and it is sharp sound for short period

Test: Biology - 1 - Question 62

Effect of acetylcholine on heart is

Detailed Solution for Test: Biology - 1 - Question 62

Acteyline choline is synthesis from parasymphatatic nervous system which decrease the action potantial of SA node . And sympathetic nero is system synthesis nonephinephrine which increase the heart rate . Increase of hart rate is called Tachycardia and decrease in heart rate is called Bradycardia.

Test: Biology - 1 - Question 63

Systemic heart refers to

Detailed Solution for Test: Biology - 1 - Question 63

Because systemic heart refers to systemic circulation of blood. Which is done only through the left auricles and left ventricles combine effort.

Test: Biology - 1 - Question 64

In Heart-block

Detailed Solution for Test: Biology - 1 - Question 64

Heart block is an abnormal heart rhythm where the heart beats too slowly (bradycardia ). In this condition, the electrical signals that tell the heart to contract are partially or totally blocked between the upper chambers (atria) and the lower chambers (ventricles).

Test: Biology - 1 - Question 65

Following blood vessels help in regulating the blood pressure and the amount of blood flowing to the tissue

Detailed Solution for Test: Biology - 1 - Question 65

Blood is pumped from the ventricles into large elastic arteries that branch repeatedly into smaller and smaller arteries until the branching results in microscopic arteries called arterioles. The arterioles play a key role in regulating blood flow into the tissue capillaries. About 10 percent of the total blood volume is in the systemic arterial system at any given time.

Test: Biology - 1 - Question 66

In ECG the elevation of ST-segment indicates

Detailed Solution for Test: Biology - 1 - Question 66

ST-segment elevation myocardial infarction (STEMI) is the term cardiologists use to describe a classic heart attack. It is one type of myocardial infarction in which a part of the heart muscle (myocardium) has died due to the obstruction of blood supply to the area.

Test: Biology - 1 - Question 67

The net pressure gradient that causes the fluid to filter out of the glomeruli in the capsule is

Detailed Solution for Test: Biology - 1 - Question 67

Net filtration pressure is the dynamic equilibrium force, which is measured in the capsular space of the renal corpuscle, which determines how much water and small dissolved solutes leave the blood in the glomerulus. This movement depends on the interaction of a set of four forces:  glomerular blood hydrostatic pressure (GBHP= 70mm Hg), capsular hydrostatic pressure (CHP= 20 mm Hg), blood colloid osmotic pressure (BCOP= 30 mm Hg). NFP = GBHP - (CHP + BCOP); NFP is 20 mm Hg.

Test: Biology - 1 - Question 68

Which of the following pressure-change leads to an increased G.F.R.

Detailed Solution for Test: Biology - 1 - Question 68

Increases in the glomerular capillary hydrostatic pressure cause increases in net filtration pressure and GFR. However, increases in Bowman space hydrostatic pressure causes decreases in filtration pressure and GFR. Filtration fraction (FF) is the fraction of renal plasma flow (RPF) filtered across the glomerulus.

Test: Biology - 1 - Question 69

Mark the incorrect statement

Detailed Solution for Test: Biology - 1 - Question 69
  • The Henle’s loop and vasa recta play a significant role in this. The flow of filtrate in the two limbs of Henle’s loop is in opposite directions and thus forms a counter current. The flow of blood through the two limbs of vasa recta is also in a countercurrent pattern. The proximity between the Henle’s loop and vasa recta, as well as the countercurrent in them, help in maintaining an increasing osmolarity towards the inner medullary interstitium, i.e., from 300 mOsmolL–1 in the cortex to about 1200 mOsmolL–1 in the inner medulla. This gradient is mainly caused by NaCl and urea. NaCl is transported by the ascending limb of Henle’s loop which is exchanged with the descending limb of vasa recta. NaCl is returned to the interstitium by the ascending portion of vasa recta. 
  • The glomerular filtrate resembles the protein free plasma in composition and osmotic pressure.
  • The glomerular filtrate contains all the materials present in the blood except blood cells and most proteins, which are too large to cross the basement membrane of the glomerulus.
  • Hence, the filtrate is isotonic to blood plasma in the proximal convoluted tubule.
Test: Biology - 1 - Question 70

Match of the column I with the column II

Detailed Solution for Test: Biology - 1 - Question 70

The excretory organ of cockroach is the malpighian tubules. amphixous excretory organs are solanocytes. Excretory organs of Prawn are known as green glands or antennal glands.and excretory organ of cockroach is holonephredia. Hence option a is correct.

Test: Biology - 1 - Question 71

Atrial natriuretic factor (ANF) is released in response to the increases in blood volume and blood pressure. Which of the following is NOT the function of ANF ?

Detailed Solution for Test: Biology - 1 - Question 71

There will be more absorption of water which leads to increase in blood pressure and ANF is responsible for decreasing BP as it is also mentioned in question.

Test: Biology - 1 - Question 72

Which muscle protein acts as ATPase ?

Detailed Solution for Test: Biology - 1 - Question 72

Because actin and tropomyosin is binding protein in muscle and myosin is a maximum active for independent calcium bind

Test: Biology - 1 - Question 73

Movement at Atlanto-occipital joint is an example of

Detailed Solution for Test: Biology - 1 - Question 73

The movements permitted in this joint are:

  • flexion and extension around the mediolateral axis, which give rise to the ordinary forward and backward nodding of the head.
  • slight lateral motion, lateroflexion, to one or other side around the anteroposterior axis.
Test: Biology - 1 - Question 74

Match the locomotory structure of column I with the name of phylum in column II

Detailed Solution for Test: Biology - 1 - Question 74

(A) Parapodia - Annelida
(B) Muscular foot - Mollusca
(C) Pseudopodia - Protozoa
(D) Tube feet - Echinodermata
So, the correct answer is Option B.

Test: Biology - 1 - Question 75

‘Uncinate process’ is associated with

Detailed Solution for Test: Biology - 1 - Question 75

Uncinate process – a projection arising from the lower part of the head and extending medially to lie beneath the body of the pancreas. It lies posterior to the superior mesenteric vessels.

Test: Biology - 1 - Question 76

In the following disorder the synovial membrane starts secreting abnormal granules called Pannus which cause erosion of cartilage

Detailed Solution for Test: Biology - 1 - Question 76

Rheumatoidal arthritis it occurs due to accumulation of antibody IgM in synovial membrane and causes inflammation. it is an autoimmune disorder.

Test: Biology - 1 - Question 77

In an inflorescence where flowers are borne laterally in an acropetal succession, the position of the youngest floral bud shall be

Detailed Solution for Test: Biology - 1 - Question 77

In racemose type of inflorescences the main axis continues to grow, the flowers are borne laterally in an acropetal succession, i.e. youngest flower is present at apex and oldest flower is present at the base. In racemose, inflorescence the growth of floral axis is unlimited or indefinite.
In cymose type of inflorescence the main axis terminates in a flower, hence is limited in growth. The flowers are borne in a basipetal. order, i.e. youngest flower is present at the base and oldest flower is present at the apex. In cymose inflorescence oldest flower remains in center and youngest towards the periphery. This type of arrangement is called centrifugal.

Test: Biology - 1 - Question 78

Purkinje’s cells are most complex neurons of

Detailed Solution for Test: Biology - 1 - Question 78

A copy of the input also goes directly to the deep cerebellar nuclei. Granule cells are extremely small and extremely numerous. The only way out of cerebellar cortex is given by Purkinje cell axons, which make inhibitory connections with neurons in the deep cerebellar nuclei.

Test: Biology - 1 - Question 79

In excitable cells, re-polarization is closely associated with one of the following events

Detailed Solution for Test: Biology - 1 - Question 79

After depolarisation axon membrane causes potassium gates to open, within a fraction of secs, K+ diffuses outside the membrane and restores the resting potential of the membrane at the site of excitation & the nerve fibre becomes once more responsive to further stimulation.

Test: Biology - 1 - Question 80

All are None law (principle) states that

Detailed Solution for Test: Biology - 1 - Question 80

The all-or-none law is the principle that the strength by which a nerve or muscle fibre responds to a stimulus is independent of the strength of the stimulus. If that stimulus exceeds the threshold potential, the nerve or muscle fibre will give a complete response; otherwise, there is no response.

Test: Biology - 1 - Question 81

When we move from light to to dark, we fail to see for some time but soon the visibility becomes normal. It is

Detailed Solution for Test: Biology - 1 - Question 81

Our eyes cannot see everything clearly when we enter a dark room from a bright light. The reason for this is that in bright light the size of pupil of our eye is small. When we enter the dark room, due to small size of pupil, very little light enters our eyes. But after some time, the pupil expands and we become able to see things as more light enter our eyes now. so there is adaptation of pupil according to light intensity

Test: Biology - 1 - Question 82

Bowman's glands are found in

Detailed Solution for Test: Biology - 1 - Question 82

Olfactory glands, also known as Bowman's glands, are situated in the olfactory mucosa, beneath the olfactory epithelium, in the lamina propria, a connective tissue also containing fibroblasts, blood vessels, and bundles of fine axons from the olfactory neurons.

Test: Biology - 1 - Question 83

A person is wearing spectacles with concave lenses for correcting vision. While not using the glasses, the image of a distant object in his case will be formed

Detailed Solution for Test: Biology - 1 - Question 83

This defect in vision is called as 'myopia' - near sightedness. For correcting this defect in vision concave lend of suitable focal length is used. In this case the image of distant object is formed "Infront of the retina".

Test: Biology - 1 - Question 84

Which of the following serves as a second messenger for slowing contraction of the heart muscles in response to acetylcholine

Detailed Solution for Test: Biology - 1 - Question 84

cAMP acts as a secondary messenger when epinephrine binds to protein receptors on the plasma membrane. It also acts as a secondary messenger and mediates many cell and tissue responses. Especially in the heart, it slows muscle contraction in response to acetylcholine.

Test: Biology - 1 - Question 85

Mark the incorrect statement

Detailed Solution for Test: Biology - 1 - Question 85

The hormone human chorionic gonadotropin (better known as HCG) is produced during pregnancy. It is made by cells formed in the placenta, which nourishes the egg after it has been fertilized and becomes attached to the uterine wall.

Test: Biology - 1 - Question 86

Mark the correct statement

Detailed Solution for Test: Biology - 1 - Question 86

However, although hormones act more slowly than a nervous impulse, their effects are typically longer lasting. Additionally, the target cells can respond to minute quantities of hormones and are sensitive to subtle changes in hormone concentration.

Test: Biology - 1 - Question 87

A young boy has inflantile penis, seminal vesicle and prostate gland. The condition can be improved by treating with

Detailed Solution for Test: Biology - 1 - Question 87
  • In vertebrates, hormones are regulated by a complex feed back loop system.
  • The pituitary is called as the master gland because the hormones of pituitary control the secretions of other glands.
  • The hypothalamus secretes GnRH i.e., gonadotropin release hormone. The gonadotropin release hormone acts on pituitary and stimulates pituitary to release gonadotropins like FSH and LH.
  • The gonadotropins act on gonads and stimulate them to release sex hormones like testosterone in males.
  • The sex hormones like testosterone and estrogens are responsible for spermatogenesis and oogenesis and maintenance of secondary sexual characters in males and females.
  • So, if he is injected with an extract of pituitary, the condition can be improved.
Test: Biology - 1 - Question 88

Which hormone of anterior pituitary is inhibited by dopamine

Detailed Solution for Test: Biology - 1 - Question 88

Dopamine regulates the secretion of pituitary hormones: it inhibits permanently the production of prolactin and blocks the gonadotrophins and the thyroid-stimulating hormone. It stimulates inconstantly the secretion of growth hormone and it does not control corticotropin.

Test: Biology - 1 - Question 89

Hassel’s corpuscles are the macrophages present in

Detailed Solution for Test: Biology - 1 - Question 89

One of the small bodies of the medulla of the thymus having granular cells at the center surrounded by concentric layers of modified epithelial cells — called also thymic corpuscle.

Test: Biology - 1 - Question 90

‘Osteitis fibrosa cystica’ develops due to

Detailed Solution for Test: Biology - 1 - Question 90

Osteitis fibrosa cystica is a skeletal disorder resulting in a loss of bone mass, a weakening of the bones as their calcified supporting structures are replaced with fibrous tissue, is caused by hyperparathyroidism, from over-active parathyroid glands.

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