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Test: Botany Mock Test - 1 - Question 1

Meiosis occurs in:

Detailed Solution for Test: Botany Mock Test - 1 - Question 1

Megaspore mother cell is diploid so meiosis occurs in it.

Meiosis:

In ovule, meiosis occurs in | Biology Questions

Test: Botany Mock Test - 1 - Question 2

Mitotic anaphase differs from metaphase in possessing:

Detailed Solution for Test: Botany Mock Test - 1 - Question 2
  • In the metaphase stage, all the chromosomes are arranged at the cell equator. All the chromosomes have two chromatids, joined at the centromere. These are called sister chromatids
  • The centromere splits in the anaphase stage and the two sister chromatids go to opposite poles. They are now called as chromosomes. They have single chromatid which will duplicate into two sister chromatids in the S phase. 
  • Thus, at the anaphase stage number of chromosomes remains the same even as the number of chromatids is reduced to one-half due to the splitting of the centromere.

So, the correct answer is option D.

Test: Botany Mock Test - 1 - Question 3

The product of hybridization is known as

Detailed Solution for Test: Botany Mock Test - 1 - Question 3
  • Hybrid generally refers to any offspring resulting from the breeding of two genetically distinct individuals, which usually will result in a high degree of heterozygosity. 
  • Offspring resulting from the interbreeding between two animal species or plant species, also called a hybrid.
Test: Botany Mock Test - 1 - Question 4

Mitosis can be studied in:

Detailed Solution for Test: Botany Mock Test - 1 - Question 4

► Cell division is the basic requirement for the growth and development of the body, if the cells top dividing the body will eventually die.

There are two types of cell divisions:

  • One occurs in the gamete cell and is necessary for reproduction as this cell division leads to genetic material exchange, this is meiosis or the reductional division.
  • The other one is mitosis also known as Equational division which occurs in the somatic cells of the body and this cell division is employed in the repair of the body and increasing the number of cells for growth and development.

► In plants, mitosis occurs in the meristems which have the ability to divide continuously.

Meristems in plants are of two types:

  • Apical meristems which are present on the tips of roots and shoots and they help in the elongation of length of the plant.
  • The other is lateral meristem which helps in increasing the width of the plant.

Plants don’t repair or replace their damaged parts like leaves, branches but for new ones due to the continuous production of new cells in the meristems.

Mitosis in Onion Root Tips:

Mitosis in Onion Root Tips (Theory) : Cell biology Virtual Lab II :  Biotechnology and Biomedical Engineering : Amrita Vishwa Vidya… | Cell  biology, Mitosis, Biology

Test: Botany Mock Test - 1 - Question 5

Which of the following pair is correctly matched:

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

Detailed Solution for Test: Botany Mock Test - 1 - Question 5

List of diseases with the element deficiency and plant.

Test: Botany Mock Test - 1 - Question 6

Which among the following is the man made cereal?

Detailed Solution for Test: Botany Mock Test - 1 - Question 6

Triticale is the only cereal obtained from hybridization, where the required character of 2 different or similar species and merged to form new individual.

Test: Botany Mock Test - 1 - Question 7

During extreme aridity, Desert Rat ______ .

Detailed Solution for Test: Botany Mock Test - 1 - Question 7
  • The kangaroo rat or the dessert rat is one of the common animal found in the arid regions.
  • The animals and the plants which live in the desserts have certain adaptations which enable the organism to survive in the extreme climate.
  • The water which is produced as the product of the metabolic reactions is known as the metabolic water.
  • The kangaroo rat uses the metabolic water which is produced by the reactions in the body rather than the less amount of water which is available in the environment.
Test: Botany Mock Test - 1 - Question 8

Green plants constitute:

Detailed Solution for Test: Botany Mock Test - 1 - Question 8

It is because they are the primary source of energy and every food chain starts with a producer because they produce their own food and pass energy for the other tropical level.

Test: Botany Mock Test - 1 - Question 9

Energy enters into the ecosystem through

Detailed Solution for Test: Botany Mock Test - 1 - Question 9

Sun is the ultimate source of energy and plants (producers) are the only ones who can convert sunlight into chemical energy. Hence producers bring energy into the ecosystem.

Test: Botany Mock Test - 1 - Question 10

IPM (Intergrated Pest Management) involves:

Detailed Solution for Test: Botany Mock Test - 1 - Question 10
  • Integrated pest management (IPM) combines the use of biological, cultural and chemical practices to control insect pests in agricultural production.
  • It seeks to use natural predators or parasites to control pests, using selective pesticides for backup only when pests are unable to be controlled by natural means.
Test: Botany Mock Test - 1 - Question 11

A plant with both male and female flowers borne over it is:

Detailed Solution for Test: Botany Mock Test - 1 - Question 11

Monoecious” is translated as “single house,” meaning that male and female flowers are found on a single individual. This contrasts with the translation of dioecious, which is “double house.” This means that male flowers are on one plant and female flowers are on another plant.

Test: Botany Mock Test - 1 - Question 12

During DNA replication, the strands separate by:

Detailed Solution for Test: Botany Mock Test - 1 - Question 12
  • DNA helicase is responsible for opening up our DNA to allow for replication as well as the transcription of our DNA.
  • A DNA helicase is an enzyme that functions by melting the hydrogen bonds that hold the DNA into the double helix structure. It is also known as Unwindase.
Test: Botany Mock Test - 1 - Question 13

In vitro synthesis of RNA and DNA was carried out first by:

Detailed Solution for Test: Botany Mock Test - 1 - Question 13
  • Kornberg's success in unraveling the process of coenzyme synthesis established him as a biochemist by the early 1950s.
  • It had also suggested to him that other large molecules such as the nucleic acids RNA and DNA would be synthesized in a similar way.
  • He began his investigations into nucleic acid synthesis during the same years that James Watson and Francis Crick, among others, were trying to work out the likely structure of DNA.
Test: Botany Mock Test - 1 - Question 14

Which one codes for an amino acid?

Detailed Solution for Test: Botany Mock Test - 1 - Question 14
  • Exon is a part of gene that will become a part of final mature RNA produced by that gene after introns have been removed by RNA splicing.
  • Cistron is the smallest unit of genetic material that must be intact to function as a transmitter of genetic information.
  • A  codon is a sequence of three DNA or RNA nucleotides that corresponds with a specific amino acid (or stop signal) during protein synthesis.
Test: Botany Mock Test - 1 - Question 15

The number of prothallial cells in male gametophyte of Pinus is/are

Detailed Solution for Test: Botany Mock Test - 1 - Question 15
  • Two prothallial cells are present in pinus.
  •  In pinus prothallial cells start disintegrating even prior to pollination.
  • Pollination takes place at 4-celled stage in pinus, i.e. two prothallial cells, a generative cell and a tube cell.

 

Test: Botany Mock Test - 1 - Question 16

An allele is dominant if it is expressed in

Detailed Solution for Test: Botany Mock Test - 1 - Question 16

An alternative form of a character in a pair, controlled by a single gene is called Allele. It is dominant either in a homozygous or heterozygous state.

Test: Botany Mock Test - 1 - Question 17

Mendel formulated the law of purity of gametes on the basis of:

Detailed Solution for Test: Botany Mock Test - 1 - Question 17

The reason is simple. it was due to the monohybrid cross that Mendel could find that characters that we are not expressed in the F1 generation where expressed in the F2 generation .this could mean gametes independently contained alleles.

Test: Botany Mock Test - 1 - Question 18

F₂ generation of a cross between two white flowered strains of Sweet Pea yields 9 purple flowered plants : 7 white flowered plants. This is an example of

Detailed Solution for Test: Botany Mock Test - 1 - Question 18

A white flower Sweet Potato(CCpp) is crossed with another white flowered Sweet Potato(ccPP). In the F1 generation, Purple flowered Sweet potato plants are formed. When these plants are subjected to self pollination, in the Fgeneration, 9 plants with purple flowers and 7 plants with white flowers are formed. It is complementary genes.

Test: Botany Mock Test - 1 - Question 19

Photosystem-II takes place in

Detailed Solution for Test: Botany Mock Test - 1 - Question 19

PS II occurs mostly on the granal lamellae of the chloroplast. PS II uses light energy for photolysis of H2O molecules, or oxidizing H2O molecules producing electrons, protons (H+) and O2.

Test: Botany Mock Test - 1 - Question 20

Asexual reproduction by conidia occurs in

Detailed Solution for Test: Botany Mock Test - 1 - Question 20
  • Reproduction by conidia occurs in Ascomyctes of fungi.
  • The body of fungi is called mycelium.
  • The asexual spores are conidia produced exogenously on the special mycelium called conidiophores.
  • Conidia on germination produced mycelium.


Thereby Asexual reproduction by conidia occurs in penicillium.

Test: Botany Mock Test - 1 - Question 21

In presence of high concentration of oxygen,RuBP carboxylase converts RuBP to

Detailed Solution for Test: Botany Mock Test - 1 - Question 21

C2 cycle or photo respiration will begin and PGA &Phosphoglycolate is formed so,option D..

Test: Botany Mock Test - 1 - Question 22

Light energy is changed to chemical energy in the process of

Detailed Solution for Test: Botany Mock Test - 1 - Question 22

Photosynthesis in plants converts solar energy into chemical energy using electrons and protons from water.

Test: Botany Mock Test - 1 - Question 23

According to their modes of nutrition, the fungi are classified into

Detailed Solution for Test: Botany Mock Test - 1 - Question 23

Fungi are classified as per their modes of  nutrition as 
1. Saprophytic
2. Parasitic
3. Symbiotic (Mycorrhiza)
Saprophytic Fungi:
These fungi feed on dead organic matter and decaying matter.
Parasitic Fungi:
Parasitic fungi live or colonise animals, plants and other fungi living on their expenses, inflict diseases or even death.
Symbiotic (Mycorrhiza):
The mycelium feeds on organic compounds in the soil substrate through decomposition or through particular associations with plants.

Test: Botany Mock Test - 1 - Question 24

The first step in photosynthesis is the

Detailed Solution for Test: Botany Mock Test - 1 - Question 24

When light is incident on chloroplast, firstly exciting of an electron and then next reactions will occur.

Test: Botany Mock Test - 1 - Question 25

Which of the following depicts the characteristic of both plants and animals?

Detailed Solution for Test: Botany Mock Test - 1 - Question 25

The Volvox is a green algae that you can’t see without a microscope that obtains its own nutrients through photosynthesis, thus it’s a plant. But wait it breathes like an animal and has two flagella that allow it to move, so it’s an animal. But it can’t be both unless it’s neither, so it’s a protist, with characteristics of both plants and animals!

 

Test: Botany Mock Test - 1 - Question 26

Agent orange is

Detailed Solution for Test: Botany Mock Test - 1 - Question 26

Agent Orange is an herbicide and defoliantchemical, one of the "tactical use" Rainbow Herbicides. It is widely known for its use by the U.S. military as part of its herbicidal warfare program, Operation Ranch Hand,during the Vietnam War from 1961 to 1971.It is a mixture of equal parts of two herbicides, 2,4,5-T and 2,4-D. In addition to its damaging environmental effects, traces of dioxin (mainly TCDD, the most toxic of its type) found in the mixture have caused major health problems for many individuals who were exposed.

Test: Botany Mock Test - 1 - Question 27

Bending of stem towards light is

Detailed Solution for Test: Botany Mock Test - 1 - Question 27

Heliotropism is a growth movement or bending of stem in the direction of the light. It is also called as solar tracking. Photoperiodism is the phenomenon in which various physiological reactions like flowering response to the relative length of dark or light periods. Photonasty is nastic movement of plant towards sunlight. Hydrotropism is a growth movement of plant part in response to water.

Test: Botany Mock Test - 1 - Question 28

If a tree flowers thrice in a year in October, January and July in northern India, the plant is

Detailed Solution for Test: Botany Mock Test - 1 - Question 28

Plants are able to detect and respond to light, gravity, changes in temperature and chemicals. Plants respond to the changing seasons to initiate their development and flowering. The photoperiodic stimulus is found to be responsible for flowering, light quality, vernalization, autonomous and GA pathways are also responsible for regulating the flowering time in plants. While vernalization and photoperiodic pathways are environmental dependents, the autonomous pathway promotes flowering in all conditions. Hence for a tree that flowers thrice a year, the plant has to be both photo and thermo-insensitive.

Test: Botany Mock Test - 1 - Question 29

Nitrogen fixation occurs in

Detailed Solution for Test: Botany Mock Test - 1 - Question 29

Nitrogen fixation occurs in some bacteria as rhizobium,cyno bacteria as nostok , anabaena , in node of root of legumes.

Test: Botany Mock Test - 1 - Question 30

Among the following statements which is/are correct?

1. Plants convert energy from sunlight into food stored as carbohydrates
2. Plants have chlorophyll
3. Plant cells do not have cell walls

Detailed Solution for Test: Botany Mock Test - 1 - Question 30

Photosynthesis: 

  • The leaves have a green pigment called chlorophyll.
  • It helps leaves to capture the energy of the sunlight.
  • This energy is used to synthesise (prepare) food from carbon dioxide and water. Since the synthesis of food occurs in the presence of sunlight, it is called photosynthesis.

In the presence of sunlight Carbon dioxide + water → Carbohydrate + oxygen.

  • Some plants, green algae, and cyanobacteria can perform photosynthesis.
  • The process of photosynthesis is commonly written as

                   6CO2 + 6H2O + Sun-Light → C6H12O6 + 6O2

Plant cells have a cell wall to protect them and make them rigid structure.

Test: Botany Mock Test - 1 - Question 31

The outer whorl is called the ________, and consists of the sepals.

Detailed Solution for Test: Botany Mock Test - 1 - Question 31
  • Flowers contain the plant’s reproductive structures.
  • A typical flower has four main parts - or whorls - known as the calyx, corolla, androecium, and gynoecium.
  • The outermost whorl of the flower has green, leafy structures known as sepals.
    • The sepals, collectively called the calyx, help to protect the unopened bud.
Test: Botany Mock Test - 1 - Question 32

SO₂ affects

Detailed Solution for Test: Botany Mock Test - 1 - Question 32

It is an air pollutant and it affects metabolic activity of cell and disrupts the transport system of the cell and hence affect the whole membrane system.

Test: Botany Mock Test - 1 - Question 33

A person has impaired nervous system and signs of madness due to continued intake of metal contaminated water. The metal is

Detailed Solution for Test: Botany Mock Test - 1 - Question 33

Lead always impaire our nervous system when anyway it enters in our body.

Test: Botany Mock Test - 1 - Question 34

Which part of the reproductive structure produces both enzymes and hormones?

Detailed Solution for Test: Botany Mock Test - 1 - Question 34

Tapetum synthesizes callase enzyme which dissolves callose. It produces many hormones ,amino acids and nutrious substances that are needed for pollen grains.

Test: Botany Mock Test - 1 - Question 35

Study of formation, growth and development of new individual from an egg is

Detailed Solution for Test: Botany Mock Test - 1 - Question 35

Embryology is defined as the branch of biology and medicine that studies embryos and how they develop. The study of how human embryos develop from fertilization to birth is an example of embryology.

Test: Botany Mock Test - 1 - Question 36

Which of the following is an example of a green algae?

Detailed Solution for Test: Botany Mock Test - 1 - Question 36
  • Chlamydomonas is found in stagnant water and on damp soil as well as freshwater, seawater, and even in snow.
  • About Chlamydomonas-
    • Class: Chlorophyceae
    • Order: Chlamydomonadales
    • Scientific name: Chlamydomonas
    • Phylum: Chlorophyta
    • Higher classification: Chlamydomonadaceae


Test: Botany Mock Test - 1 - Question 37

Energy currency (reservoir) of the cells is

Detailed Solution for Test: Botany Mock Test - 1 - Question 37

Adenosine triphosphate (ATP) is a complex organic chemical that provides energy to drive many processes in living cells, e.g. muscle contraction, nerve impulse propagation, and chemical synthesis. Found in all forms of life, ATP is often referred to as the "molecular unit of currency" of intracellular energy transfer

Test: Botany Mock Test - 1 - Question 38
Anaerobic respiration is
Detailed Solution for Test: Botany Mock Test - 1 - Question 38
Anaerobic respiration means that the respiration which occur in absence of oxygen . In human body mostly occur aerobic respiration but when we need extra energy then it is occurrence like, in muscles. so it is also known as intra- molecular respiration.
Test: Botany Mock Test - 1 - Question 39

Which is wrong about cytochrome P-450 ?

Detailed Solution for Test: Botany Mock Test - 1 - Question 39
  • Cytochromes P-450 are proteins of the superfamily containing heme as a cofactor and, therefore, are hemeproteins.
  • CYPs use a variety of small and large molecules as substrates in enzymatic reactions. They are, in general, the terminal oxidase enzymes in electron transfer chains, broadly categorized as P450-containing systems.
  • The term "P-450" is derived from the spectrophotometric peak at the wavelength of the absorption maximum of the enzyme (450 nm) when it is in the reduced state and complexed with carbon monoxide. 
  • Most CYPs require a protein partner to deliver one or more electrons to reduce the iron (and eventually molecular oxygen). 
  • Depending on the substrate and enzyme involved, P-450 enzymes can catalyze any of a wide variety of reactions.
  • After the product has been released from the active site, the enzyme returns to its original state, with a water molecule returning to occupy the distal coordination position of the iron nucleus. 

So the correct option is 'it is a coloured cell'.

Test: Botany Mock Test - 1 - Question 40

The flexibility in plants is due to a tissue called

Detailed Solution for Test: Botany Mock Test - 1 - Question 40
  • Parenchyma- this tissue provides support to plants. It also stores food. So this option is not correct.
  • Collenchyma- it allows easy bending of plant parts and provides flexibility. So the option is correct.
  • Sclerenchyma- this tissue makes the plant hard and stiff. It is present in the husk of a coconut. So the option is not correct.
Test: Botany Mock Test - 1 - Question 41

The swollen bottom part of the carpel of a flower is called as ________.

Detailed Solution for Test: Botany Mock Test - 1 - Question 41

The swollen bottom part of flower is Carpel.

  • The (Male organ part) of a flower is called the (Stamen) and the (Female organ part) of a flower is called (Carpel). It helps in making the (Male Gametes) of the plant and that is present in Pollen grains.
  • These Pollen Grains helps in making (Female Gametes or Egg cells) of the plant and are present in Ovules. The (Male Gametes) fertilize the (Female Gametes).
  • The fertilized (Egg cells) grow in Ovules and become Seeds.
  • When germinated, these Seeds started growing as (new Plants).
Test: Botany Mock Test - 1 - Question 42

Feathery stigma are present in-

Detailed Solution for Test: Botany Mock Test - 1 - Question 42

Wheat has animophilly mode of Pollination, and feathery stigma is a characteristic of animophillus flower

Test: Botany Mock Test - 1 - Question 43

Plants are divided into _____ groups.

Detailed Solution for Test: Botany Mock Test - 1 - Question 43

Based on whether plants have a well-differentiated body and the presence or absence of specialized tissues for transport, and the ability to bear seeds Kingdom Plantae (Plant Kingdom) is can be classified into 5 different groups.

  • Thallophyta
    • The plant body is not differentiated from roots, stems, and leaves.
    • They are commonly called algae.
  • Bryophyta
    • These are small terrestrial plants.
    • They show differentiation in the body design, with stem, leaf-like structures, and root-like structures.
  • Pteridophyta
    • The plant body is differentiated into roots, stems, and leaves, apart from having a specialized tissue for conduction.
  • Gymnosperms
    • Gymnosperms are plants with naked seeds.
  • Angiosperms
    • Angiosperms are seed-bearing plants. Seeds develop inside tissues that get modified to form the fruit of the plant. 

Hence, we can conclude that plants are divided into 5 groups.

Test: Botany Mock Test - 1 - Question 44

Transfer of pollen grains from the anther to the stigma of another flower of the same plant is called

Detailed Solution for Test: Botany Mock Test - 1 - Question 44

The transfer of pollen grains from the anther to the stigma of a flower is called pollination.

  • Pollens are produced by the male part of a flower called the stamen.
  • Pistil is the female part of a flower with stigma at its top.
  • Geitonogamy is the process of pollination between two flowers of the same plant.
  • The transfer of pollen grains from the anther to the stigma of another flower of the same plant is called geitonogamy.
  • Honeybee helps with the pollination of sunflowers.
  • Bats help with the pollination in banana.
Test: Botany Mock Test - 1 - Question 45

Of the processes which occur in leaves, the one which may lower their temperature (cooling effect)is

Detailed Solution for Test: Botany Mock Test - 1 - Question 45

Transpiration lowers the temperature as during transpiration liquid water is absorbed by the plant. In the cells surrounding the substomata chamber, water evaporates from the cell wall into the chamber. When the stomata are open water vapour diffuses out into the chamber Transpiration cooling energy is needed to evaporate liquid into vapour. Energy is absorbed into liquid water and this reduces the temperature of the surrounding plant tissue and nearby atmosphere

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