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Test: Elasticity - NEET MCQ


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20 Questions MCQ Test Physics Class 11 - Test: Elasticity

Test: Elasticity for NEET 2024 is part of Physics Class 11 preparation. The Test: Elasticity questions and answers have been prepared according to the NEET exam syllabus.The Test: Elasticity MCQs are made for NEET 2024 Exam. Find important definitions, questions, notes, meanings, examples, exercises, MCQs and online tests for Test: Elasticity below.
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Test: Elasticity - Question 1

Which of the following represents Hooke’s Law?

Detailed Solution for Test: Elasticity - Question 1

The  law states that the strain in a solid is proportional to the applied stress within the elastic limit of that solid body i.e. stress = k x strain.

Test: Elasticity - Question 2

A body is said to be perfectly plastic if

Detailed Solution for Test: Elasticity - Question 2

A body is said to be plastic when its coefficient of restitution or reformation is zero that means that whatever hits it loses its all kinetic energy once the body gets deformed does not reform.

Test: Elasticity - Question 3

A body is said to be perfectly elastic if

Detailed Solution for Test: Elasticity - Question 3

A body is said to be perfectly elastic when its coefficient of restitution is 1 or we observe total  reformation in the body. That means that whatever hits it doesn't lose any of its kinetic energy or once the body gets totally reformed after a collision.

Test: Elasticity - Question 4

When too many people stand on a bridge it collapses, why?

Detailed Solution for Test: Elasticity - Question 4

Stress is the force per unit area experienced by the body and strength is the ability to withstand the stress. When stress becomes greater than strength, accidents happen.

Test: Elasticity - Question 5

Materials that show very small plastic range beyond elastic limit are called

Detailed Solution for Test: Elasticity - Question 5

Beyond the elastic limit, if still some force is applied to the body, at first the body deforms completely and when it can’t deform more, it starts to break into pieces. Now when the plastic range is small, on less extent of applied external force the body would break. And we know such objects are called brittle.

Test: Elasticity - Question 6

The stress which is set up in the body due to increase in its dimensions is called

Detailed Solution for Test: Elasticity - Question 6

Tensile stress (or tension) is the stress state leading to expansion; that is, the length of a material tends to increase in the tensile direction. The volume of the material stays constant. When equal and opposite forces are applied on a body, then the stress due to this force is called tensile stress.

Test: Elasticity - Question 7

The modulus of elasticity of steel is greater than that of rubber because under the same stress

Detailed Solution for Test: Elasticity - Question 7

Modulus of elasticity= stress/strain =(F/A)/(ΔL/L) So, for same stress Modulus of elasticity ∝( L/ΔL)and ΔL for rubber is more as compared to steel so Modulus of elasticity for rubber will be less as they are inversely proportional and also ΔL/L is less for steel

Test: Elasticity - Question 8

If proportional limit is not exceeded, energy per unit volume in stretched wire is

Detailed Solution for Test: Elasticity - Question 8

strain energy=1/2×stress × strain Work done by a force on a wire
W =2LAy(ΔL)2/2L
=1/2(yALΔ/L)ΔL
=1/2​(yΔL/L)(ΔL/L)(AL)
=1/2(Stress)(Strain)(Volume)
(Work)/(volume)=1/2*(stress)(strain)

Test: Elasticity - Question 9

Putty or mud is an example of

Detailed Solution for Test: Elasticity - Question 9

Since mud or putty have no gross tendency to regain their previous shape & they get permanently deformed, they are close to ideal plastics.

  1. Perfectly plastic bodies are those that retain their distorted shape or size after external pressures applied to them have been released.
  2. Partially elastic bodies are those that partially return to their former shape or size when external forces are eliminated.
  3. The shape or size of mud or putty is now altered when force is applied, and the body does not return to its original state when the force is removed. Only perfectly plastic bodies, as already established, exhibit this feature.
  4. Additionally, many elasticity moduli types are used to measure elasticity.
  5. The ratio of stress to strain given to a body under various variations in dimension is what makes up an elastic modulus.
  6. Young's Modulus, Shear Modulus, and Bulk Modulus are the three forms of elastic moduli. Since Young's modulus or longitudinal stress by strain for mud or putty is almost zero, they are theoretically proven to be almost ideal plastic bodies.

Hence, putty or mud is an example of a perfectly plastic body.

Test: Elasticity - Question 10

A solid cylinder can be subjected to

Detailed Solution for Test: Elasticity - Question 10

To answer this question you should know the definitions of tensile, compressive and shear stress.
Tensile stress causes change (increases the length of cylinder) in the length of the object, compressive strength changes the volume of the object (it can be applied from all sides of the object), shear stress is applied parallel to the surface of an object (in case of the cylinder shear stress will be parallel to circular surface) we can apply all the three stresses in case of cylinder hence option D is correct.

Test: Elasticity - Question 11

When a 13.2 kg mass is placed on top of a vertical spring, the spring compresses by 5.93 cm. Find the force constant of the spring.

Detailed Solution for Test: Elasticity - Question 11


Test: Elasticity - Question 12

Two wires P and Q of same length and material but radii in the ratio 2 : 1 are suspended from a rigid support. Find the ratio of strain produced in the wires when both are under same force.

Detailed Solution for Test: Elasticity - Question 12

Using Hooke ‘s Law we get

Stress directly proportional to stress = Load/Area=F/pie*r*r

And rp:rq=2:1

When both the wires are under the same stress,strain produced will be the same.
 

When both the wires are under the same stress,strain produced will be the same.

2.when both the wires are loaded by same weight then

Strain p/strain q=(rq)2/(rp)2

Test: Elasticity - Question 13

Yield point may be defined as the point where

Detailed Solution for Test: Elasticity - Question 13

At the yield point, stress is not proportional to strain i.e: hooke's law is not obeyed. Hence the elastic behaviour ends and plastic behaviour begins.

Test: Elasticity - Question 14

Dimensional formula of stress is same as that of

Detailed Solution for Test: Elasticity - Question 14

Stress is referred to as the applied strain over a unit area, and we know strain is the force acting along the line, which means strain and force have the same dimensions. Thus stress and pressure have the same dimensions too.

 

Dimension of Force =[MLT−2]
Dimension of Area = [M0L2T0]
Therefore, Dimension of Stress = [MLT−2]/[M0L2T0]
                    = [ML−1T−2]
Dimension of pressure =[ML−1T−2]

Test: Elasticity - Question 15

In Hooke’s law, the constant of proportionality signifies

Detailed Solution for Test: Elasticity - Question 15

In hooke's law, the constant of proportionality defines  the modulus of elasticity which is also defined as the ratio of internal reforming force / external deforming force.

Test: Elasticity - Question 16

After prolonged use, springs deform permanently because of

Detailed Solution for Test: Elasticity - Question 16

Springs deform permanently because of elastic fatigueness. The elasticity of the material of spring is lost and it deforms permanently. 

Test: Elasticity - Question 17

The area occupied below the stress-strain graph and above strain axis gives the value of

Detailed Solution for Test: Elasticity - Question 17

The area under the stress-strain curve represents the mechanical energy per unit volume consumed by the material. This is true in the elastic range of the graph where the energy is reversibly sorted within the material. Area under the stress strain curve depicts the energy absorbed by the material prior to failure.

Test: Elasticity - Question 18

The final point on the stress strain graph is called

Detailed Solution for Test: Elasticity - Question 18

The last and final point of the strain stress curve is a point where the objects get broken into pieces due to the external force applied and hence it is called fracture point.

Test: Elasticity - Question 19

Tissue of aorta blood vessel is an example of

Detailed Solution for Test: Elasticity - Question 19

Elastomers are popular in vascular engineering applications, as they offer the ability to design implants that match the compliance of native tissue.
Substances like tissue of aorta can be stretched to cause large strain.

Test: Elasticity - Question 20

If we compress or elongate the solids, what happens to their potential energy?

Detailed Solution for Test: Elasticity - Question 20

When a soild is compressed or elongated, it's P.E increases. Potential energy increases because work has to be done against force of repulsion during compression and against force of attraction during elongation.

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