An aqueous solution turns red litmus solution blue. Excess addition of which of the following solution would reverse the change ?
As the solution turns red litmus solution blue, it must be basic. To reverse the change, we must add an acid.
NaOH is obtained by electrolysis of
2NaCl + 2H2O → 2NaOH + H2 + Cl2
One of the constituents of baking powder is sodium hydrogen carbonate, the other constituent is
Tartaric acid is a leavening agent which is mixed with baking powder to neutralize the bitterness produced by baking powder. It is an important food additive that is being used today. When dry base powder is added to acid forming a solution, it is mixed with cream of tartar which is chemically known as potassium bitartrate.
Lime water reacts with chlorine to form
Ca(OH)2 + Cl2 → CaOCl2 + H2O
(Manufacturing of bleaching powder)
A sample of soil is mixed with water and allowed to settle. The clear supernatant solution turns the pH paper yellowish-orange. Which of the following would change the colour of this pH paper to greenish-blue ?
Only a basic solution will change the colour of pH paper to greenish-blue.
and out of all these, only antacid is a base.
lemon juice and vinegar are acid
common salt is neutral
Ag2S reacts with H2SO4 to form
Ag2S + H2SO4 → Ag2SO4 + H2S (Double displacement reaction)
Which of the following statements are true for acids ?
Acids possess sour taste and turn blue litmus paper red.
pH of H2O is
pH of H2O is 7 because it is neutral. It is formed by neutralization reaction.
Which of the following are present in a dilute aqueous solution of hydrochloric acid ?
Hydrochloric acid ionises as follows :
HCl→ H+ +Cl-
H+ ions combine with water molecules to form H3O+. Therefore, the ions present in dilute aqueous solution of hydrochloric acid are H3O+ and Cl-.
NaHCO3 is formed by the reaction of
Sodium hydrogen carbonate also known as sodium bicarbonate is produced by chemical reaction between weak acid and strong base.
The acid is Hydrochloric Acid (HCl) and the base is Na2CO3
Na2CO3 + HCl = NaHCO3 + NaCl