Environment - MCQ Online Test (3)


25 Questions MCQ Test Environment and Additional Topics for UPSC Prelims | Environment - MCQ Online Test (3)


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This mock test of Environment - MCQ Online Test (3) for UPSC helps you for every UPSC entrance exam. This contains 25 Multiple Choice Questions for UPSC Environment - MCQ Online Test (3) (mcq) to study with solutions a complete question bank. The solved questions answers in this Environment - MCQ Online Test (3) quiz give you a good mix of easy questions and tough questions. UPSC students definitely take this Environment - MCQ Online Test (3) exercise for a better result in the exam. You can find other Environment - MCQ Online Test (3) extra questions, long questions & short questions for UPSC on EduRev as well by searching above.
QUESTION: 1

Consider the following statements

1. The International Plant Protection Convention (IPPC) is a multilateral treaty to protect plant resources from deforestation arising out of industrialization and urbanization. 

2. The treaty is overseen by International Union for Conservation of Nature.

Which of the statements given above is/are are correct?

Solution:

Ans: d

Explanation: The International Plant Protection Convention (IPPC) is a multilateral treaty for international cooperation and aims to protect plant resources from harmful pests which may be introduced through international trade. The Convention created a governing body consisting of each party, known as the Commission on Phytosanitary Measures, which oversees the implementation of the Convention.

QUESTION: 2

Consider the following statements

  1. The Ramsar Convention is an international treaty for the conservation and sustainable utilization of mangroves.
  2. World Wetlands Day is observed on 2 February.

Which of the statements given above is/are are correct?

Solution:

Ans: b

Explanation: The Ramsar Convention is an international treaty for the conservation and sustainable utilization of wetlands. It is named after the city of Ramsar in Iran, where the Convention was signed in 1971. World Wetlands Day is observed on 2 February. World Wetland Day marks the date of the signing of the Convention on Wetlands on 2 February 1971.

QUESTION: 3

Consider the following statements

1. The Environmental Performance Index (EPI) ranks how well countries perform on high-priority environmental issues in two broad policy areas: protection of human health from environmental harm and protection of ecosystems.

2. In the 2014 EPI ranking, China topped the list.

Which of the statements given above is/are are correct?

Solution:

Ans: a

Explanation: The Environmental Performance Index (EPI) ranks how well countries perform on high-priority environmental issues in two broad policy areas: protection of human health from environmental harm and protection of ecosystems. . In the 2014 EPI ranking, Switzerland topped the list.

QUESTION: 4

Which of the following statements about Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) is incorrect?

Solution:

Central Pollution Control Board (CPCB) of India is a statutory organization under the Ministry of Environment and Forests (MoEF). It Co-ordinate the activities of the State Boards by providing technical assistance and guidance and resolve disputes among them. There is no such requirement for the chairman of CPCB to be a retired judge of the Supreme Court.

QUESTION: 5

Consider the following animals found in India

1. Namdapha flying squirrel

2. Pygmy hog

3. Nicobar White-tailed Shrew

Which of the animals given above is/are critically endangered?

Solution:

Ans: d

Explanation: All the given mammals are critically endangered according to the Red Data Book of International Union for Conservation of Nature (IUCN).

QUESTION: 6

The Red Panda has been classified as vulnerable by IUCN. It is endemic to

Solution:

Ans: a

Explanation: The Red Panda, also called lesser panda and red cat-bear, is a small arboreal mammal native to the eastern Himalayas and south-western China. It has been classified as vulnerable by IUCN. The primary threats to red pandas are from competition with domestic livestock resulting in habitat degradation, and deforestation resulting in habitat loss or fragmentation

QUESTION: 7

Which of the following two criteria have to be met in order to qualify as a ‘biodiversity hotspot’ on the world hotspots map?

  1. The region must contain at least 0.5 percent or 1500 species of vascular plants as endemic species.
  2. The region has to have lost at least 70 percent of its primary vegetation.

Choose the correct option:

Solution:

Ans: c

Explanation: A biodiversity hotspot is a bio-geographic region with a significant reservoir of biodiversity that is under threat from humans. The concept of biodiversity hotspots was originated by Norman Myers in two articles in “The Environmentalist”. To qualify as a biodiversity hotspot on Myers 2000 edition of the hotspot-map, a region must meet two strict criteria: it must contain at least 0.5% or 1,500 species of vascular plants as endemics, and it has to have lost at least 70% of its primary vegetation.

QUESTION: 8

 Which among the following multilateral environment agreements (MEAs) is not correctly paired with the respective issue it deals with ? 

Solution:

Ans: c

Explanation: The Basel Convention on the Control of Trans-boundary Movements of Hazardous Wastes and Their Disposal, usually known simply as the Basel Convention, is an international treaty that was designed to reduce the movements of hazardous waste between nations, and specifically to prevent transfer of hazardous waste from developed to less developed countries (LDCs). It does not, however, address the movement of radioactive waste.

QUESTION: 9

The ‘Red Data Book’ is the documention of rare and endangered species of : 
1. Animals 
2. Plants 
3. Fungi 

Solution:

Ans: d

Explanation: A Red Data Book contains lists of species whose continued existence is threatened. Species are classified into different categories of perceived risk. Each Red Data Book usually deals with a specific group of animals or plants and fungi. They are now being published in many different countries and provide useful information on the threat status of the species.

QUESTION: 10

The Cartagena Protocol is regarding safe use, transfer and handling of: 

Solution:

Ans: c

Explanation: The Cartagena Protocol on Biosafety to the Convention on Biological Diversity was adopted on 29 January 2000 as a supplementary agreement to the Convention on Biological Diversity and entered into force on 11 September 2003. It is an international treaty governing the movements of living modified organisms (LMOs) resulting from modern biotechnology from one country to another.

QUESTION: 11

Consider the following statements regarding ‘Kyoto Protocol’: 
1.    It is legally binding for Annex I countries.
2.    It emerged from the deliberations of COP-3 to the UNFCCC. 
3.    The signatories have to reduce their individual Green House Gas emissions by 5.2% from 1990 level. 
 Which among the above Statement(s) is/are correct? 

Solution:

Ans: b

Explanation: Kyoto Protocol of COP-3 to the UNFCCC is a legally binding agreement for Annex-I countries to reduce their collective Green House Gas emissions by 5.2% from 1990 level. The reduction obligation under Kyoto Protocol is additional to the CFCs and industrial gas emissions covered under the Montreal Protocol. 

QUESTION: 12

Which among the following is the most abundant Green-House-Gas(GHG) in the earth’s atmosphere? 

Solution:

Ans: b

Explanation: Water vapour also accounts for the largest percentage of the greenhouse effect, between 36% and 66% for clear sky conditions and between 66% and 85% when including clouds.

QUESTION: 13

The Temperate Grassland or Shrub-Land Biome is commonly known as – 
1. Steppe in Central Asia 
2. Prairie in North America 
3. Veld in South America
 Choose the correct option: 

Solution:

Ans: a

Explanation: They are called ‘Pampas’ in South America.

QUESTION: 14

The ranking of countries as the highest per capita emitters of Carbon Dioxide in the world, takes into acount their annual CO2 emissions from :

1. Burning of fossil fuels

2. Cement Manufacture

3. Land Use such as deforestation

Solution:

Ans: b

Explanation: The data only considers carbon dioxide emissions from the burning of fossil fuels and cement manufacture, but not emissions from land use such as deforestation. In the list below the Countries have been ranked by their metric tonnes of carbon dioxide emissions per capita in 2008. 1.Qatar 2.Trinidad and Tobago 3.UAE 4.Netherlands 5.Bahrain

QUESTION: 15

Which among the following chronic lung disease commonly known as ‘black lung’ disease,leads to reduced life expectancy in coal-miners? 

Solution:

Ans: a

Explanation: A chronic occupational lung disease contracted by the prolonged breathing of coal mine dust. The silica and carbon in the coal dust cause black lung disease. About one of every 20 miners studied in the US has X-ray evidence of black lung disease, a form of pneumoconiosis. In its early stages, called simple pneumoconiosis, the disease does not prevent the miner from working or carrying on most normal activities. In some miners, the disease never becomes more severe. Pneumoconiosis is not reversible. There is no specific treatment. Black lung disease has gone by many names, including anthracosis, black lung, black spittle, coal worker’s pneumoconiosis, miner’s asthma, and silicosis.

QUESTION: 16

The phenomenon of the entry of toxic chemicals into the food chains and more concentrated at higher trophic levels is called 

Solution:
QUESTION: 17

Lichens are important in the studies on atmosphere pollution because they 

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QUESTION: 18

Which of the following is normally not an important atmospheric pollutant? 

Solution:
QUESTION: 19

The pollutant formed when nitrogen oxide, oxygen and waste hydrocarbons join is 

Solution:
QUESTION: 20

An example of non -ionizing radiations is 

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QUESTION: 21

Main air pollutant is 

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QUESTION: 22

 D.D.T is a

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QUESTION: 23

A method of converting sewage water onto fairly clean drinking water is by 

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QUESTION: 24

Which of the following is a rich source of energy but never cause atmospheric pollution? 

Solution:
QUESTION: 25

If water pollution continues at its present rate, it will eventually 

Solution:

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