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Assertion & Reason Test: Nationalism in India - 2 - Class 10 MCQ


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11 Questions MCQ Test History for Class 10 - Assertion & Reason Test: Nationalism in India - 2

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Assertion & Reason Test: Nationalism in India - 2 - Question 1

Direction: Mark the Option Which Is Most Suitable:

Assertion : The council elections were boycotted in most provinces except Madras.

Reason : In many places, merchants and traders refused to trade in foreign goods or finance foreign trade.

Detailed Solution for Assertion & Reason Test: Nationalism in India - 2 - Question 1
Both assertion and reason are true but reason is not the correct explanation of assertion. The council elections were boycotted in most provinces except Madras, where the Justice Party, the party of the non-Brahmins, felt that entering the council was one way of gaining some power, something that usually only Brahmins had access to. Therefore, both assertion and reason are true but reason is not the correct explanation of assertion.
Assertion & Reason Test: Nationalism in India - 2 - Question 2

Direction: Mark the Option Which Is Most Suitable:

Assertion : In Awadh, the peasants were led by Alluri Sitaram Raju.

Reason : The movement here was against Oudh Kisan Sabha.

Detailed Solution for Assertion & Reason Test: Nationalism in India - 2 - Question 2
Both assertion and reason are false. In Awadh, the peasants were led by Baba Ramchandra, a sanyasi who had earlier been to Fiji as indentured labourer. The movement here was against talukdars and landlords who demanded from peasants exorbitantly high rents and a variety of other cesses. Thus, both the assertion and the reason are wrong.
Assertion & Reason Test: Nationalism in India - 2 - Question 3

Direction: Mark the Option Which Is Most Suitable:

Assertion : Gandhiji entered into the Gandhi-Irwin Pact on 5 March 1931.

Reason : Ghaffar Khan and Jawaharlal Nehru were both put in jail, the Congress was declared illegal, and a series of measures had been imposed to prevent meetings, demonstrations and boycotts.

Detailed Solution for Assertion & Reason Test: Nationalism in India - 2 - Question 3
Both assertion and reason are true but reason is not the correct explanation of assertion. With the signing of the Gandhi-Irwin Pact, Gandhiji consented to participate in the Round Table Conference in London. However, the negotiations broke down and Gandhiji returned to India disappointed. New repressive measures by the government declared the Congress illegal and put Ghaffar Khan and Jawaharlal Nehru into jail. Both assertion and reason are true but reason is not the correct explanation of assertion.
Assertion & Reason Test: Nationalism in India - 2 - Question 4

Assertion(A): In India rise of nationalism is associated with the anti-colonial movement.
Reason(R): The sense of being oppressed under colonialism connected many different groups together.

Detailed Solution for Assertion & Reason Test: Nationalism in India - 2 - Question 4

Correct option is D. Both A and R are true and R is the correct explanation of A.

Assertion & Reason Test: Nationalism in India - 2 - Question 5

Find the incorrect option:

Detailed Solution for Assertion & Reason Test: Nationalism in India - 2 - Question 5
The Incorrect option is (d) : They were all Americans.

Correct answer is : They were all Britishers.

Assertion & Reason Test: Nationalism in India - 2 - Question 6

Analyze the information given below, considering one of the following correct options:

Mahatma Gandhi’s letter was, in a way, an ultimatum. If the demands were not fulfilled by 11 March, the letter stated, the Congress would launch a civil disobedience campaign. Irwin was unwilling to negotiate. So Mahatma Gandhi started his famous salt march accompanied by 78 of his trusted volunteers. The march was over 240 miles, from Gandhi's ashram in Sabarmati to the Gujarati coastal town of Dandi. The volunteers walked for 24 days, about 10 miles a day. Thousands came to hear Mahatma Gandhi wherever he stopped, and he told them what he meant by swaraj and urged them to peacefully defy the British. On 6 April he reached Dandi, and ceremonially violated the law, manufacturing salt by boiling sea water.

Detailed Solution for Assertion & Reason Test: Nationalism in India - 2 - Question 6
  • The Salt March, which took place from March to April 1930 in India, was an act of civil disobedience led by Mohandas Gandhi to protest British rule in India.

  • During the march, thousands of Indians followed Gandhi from his religious retreat near Ahmedabad to the Arabian Sea coast, a distance of some 240 miles.

Assertion & Reason Test: Nationalism in India - 2 - Question 7

Arrange the following in the correct sequence:

Certain events are given below. Choose the appropriate chronological order:

(i) Coming of Simon Commission of India

(ii) Demand of Purna Swaraj in Lahore Session of INC

(iii) Government of India Act, 1919

(iv) Champaran Satyagraha

Detailed Solution for Assertion & Reason Test: Nationalism in India - 2 - Question 7
(iv) Champaran Satyagraha: The Champaran Satyagraha of 1917 was the first Satyagraha movement led by Gandhi in India and is considered a historically important rebellion in the Indian Freedom Struggle.

(iii) Government of India Act, 1919: The Government of India Act 1919 was an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom.

(i) Coming of Simon Commission of India: The Indian Statutory Commission, commonly referred to as the Simon Commission after its chairman Sir John Allsebrook Simon, was sent to India in 1928 (February - March and October 1928 - April 1929) to study potential constitutional reform.

(ii) Demand of Purna Swaraj in Lahore Session of INC: In December 1929, under the Presidency of Jawaharlal Nehru, the Lahore Congress formalised the demand of 'Purna Swaraj' or full independence for India.

Assertion & Reason Test: Nationalism in India - 2 - Question 8

Arrange the following in the correct sequence:

Certain events are given below. Choose the appropriate chronological order:

(i) Rowlatt Act passed.

(ii) The Partition of Bengal officially came into existence.

(iii) Satyagraha Movement in Ahmedabad.

(iv) Satyagraha Movement in Kheda District (Gujarat)

Detailed Solution for Assertion & Reason Test: Nationalism in India - 2 - Question 8
(ii) The Partition of Bengal officially came into existence: Partition of Bengal, (1905), division of Bengal carried out by the British viceroy in India, Lord Curzon, despite strong Indian nationalist opposition.

(iv) Satyagraha Movement in Kheda District (Gujarat): The Kheda Satyagraha of 1918 was a Satyagraha movement led by Mohandas Karamchand Gandhi in the Kheda district of Gujarat, India, during the British Raj.

(iii) Satyagraha Movement in Ahmedabad: Gandhiji launched satyagraha at Ahmedabad in 1918. The strike in Ahmedabad took place in between January to march 1918. Ambalal Sarabhai’s sister Anasya Bhen is also associated with this satyagraha. The owner agreed on the 4th day of his fast.

(i) Rowlatt Act passed: The Rowlatt act was passed in the year 1919, named after its chairman Sir Sidney Rowlatt, which gave permission to the government to imprison any person living in British India without a trial and this imprisonment was set to be up to two years.

Assertion & Reason Test: Nationalism in India - 2 - Question 9

Match the following items given in Column A with those in Column B:

Detailed Solution for Assertion & Reason Test: Nationalism in India - 2 - Question 9
(i) Abanindranath Tagore: Bharat Mata is a work painted by the Indian painter Abanindranath Tagore in 1905. The work depicts a saffron clad woman, dressed like a sadhvi, holding a book, sheaves of paddy, a piece of white cloth and a rudraksha garland (mala) in her four hands.

(ii) Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay: Bankim Chandra Chattopadhyay in 1882 wrote a novel Anandamath and introduced the hymn "Vande Mātaram", which soon became the song of the emerging freedom movement in India.

(iii) Rabindranath Tagore: Jana Gana Mana is the national anthem of India. It was originally composed as Bharoto Bhagyo Bidhata in Bengali by polymath Rabindranath Tagore.

(iv) Natesa Sastri: In Madras, Natesa Sastri published a massive four-volume collection of Tamil folk tales, The Folklore of Southern India.

Assertion & Reason Test: Nationalism in India - 2 - Question 10

In the questions given below, there are two statements marked as Assertion (A) and Reason (R). Read the statements and choose the correct option:

Assertion (A) : Dyer entered the area, blocked the exit points, and opened fire on the crowd, killing hundreds.

Reason (R) : His object, as he declared later, was to 'produce a moral effect', to create in the minds of satyagrahis a feeling of terror and awe.

Detailed Solution for Assertion & Reason Test: Nationalism in India - 2 - Question 10
  • General Dyer blocked all exit points, and opened fire on the peaceful crowd, killing hundreds. Gandhiji went on indefinite fast to stop the repression by the British. As a reaction, crowds took to the streets in many Indian towns, attacking the police and government buildings.

  • The main objective of General Dyer behind the jallianwala Bagh massacre was to 'produce a moral effect', to create in the minds of satyagrahis a feeling of terror and awe.

Assertion & Reason Test: Nationalism in India - 2 - Question 11

In the questions given below, there are two statements marked as Assertion (A) and Reason (R). Read the statements and choose the correct option:

Assertion (A) : Foreign goods were boycotted, liquor shops picketed, and foreign cloth burnt in huge bonfires.

Reason (R) : Students and teachers began trickling back to government schools and lawyers joined back work in government courts.

Detailed Solution for Assertion & Reason Test: Nationalism in India - 2 - Question 11
  • Khadi cloth was often more expensive than mass produced mill cloth and poor people could not afford to buy it.

  •  

    The boycott of British institutions posed a problem.

  •  

    For the movement to be successful, alternative Indian institutions had to be set up so that they could be used in place of the British ones.

  •  

    These institutions were slow to come up. So students and teachers began trickling back to government schools and lawyers joined back work in government courts.

 

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