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Assertion & Reason Test: Nationalism in India - Class 10 MCQ


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10 Questions MCQ Test Social Studies (SST) Class 10 - Assertion & Reason Test: Nationalism in India

Assertion & Reason Test: Nationalism in India for Class 10 2024 is part of Social Studies (SST) Class 10 preparation. The Assertion & Reason Test: Nationalism in India questions and answers have been prepared according to the Class 10 exam syllabus.The Assertion & Reason Test: Nationalism in India MCQs are made for Class 10 2024 Exam. Find important definitions, questions, notes, meanings, examples, exercises, MCQs and online tests for Assertion & Reason Test: Nationalism in India below.
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Assertion & Reason Test: Nationalism in India - Question 1

Direction: Mark the Option Which Is Most Suitable:

Assertion : In 1917, Gandhiji organised a satyagraha to support the peasants of the Kheda district of Gujarat.

Reason : The peasants were affected by crop failure and plague epidemic. They could not pay the revenue and were demanding that revenue collection be relaxed.

Detailed Solution for Assertion & Reason Test: Nationalism in India - Question 1
Both assertion and reason are true and reason is the correct explanation of assertion. The peasants wanted their revenue collection to be relaxed because they were at a complete loss because of the epidemic. Gandhiji came forward and organized a Satyagraha to provide them with a platform to raise their voice.
Assertion & Reason Test: Nationalism in India - Question 2

Direction: Mark the Option Which Is Most Suitable:

Assertion : The Non-Cooperation Movement gradually slowed down for a variety of reasons in the cities.

Reason : As the boycott movement spread, and people began discarding imported clothes and wearing only Indian ones, production of Indian textile mills and handlooms went up.

Detailed Solution for Assertion & Reason Test: Nationalism in India - Question 2

Gandhiji suggested that development ought to unfold in stages. It should start with the surrender of titles that the public authority granted and a blacklist of common administrations, armed forces, police, courts, regulative gatherings, schools, and unfamiliar merchandise. Then, if the public authority utilized suppression, a complete, thoughtful, noncompliance mission would be sent off. Through the mid-year of 1920, Mahatma Gandhi and Shaukat Ali visited broadly, activating well-known help for the development.
Hence, both A and R are true, and R is the correct explanation of A.

Assertion & Reason Test: Nationalism in India - Question 3

Direction: Mark the Option Which Is Most Suitable:

Assertion : When Simon Commission arrived in India, it was greeted with the slogan ‘Go back Simon’.

Reason : This happened as Mahatma Gandhi was on Dandi March during that time.

Detailed Solution for Assertion & Reason Test: Nationalism in India - Question 3
Assertion is true but reason is false. The Simon Commission was greeted with the slogan ‘Go back Simon’ because it did not have a single Indian member. They were all British but had come to look into the functioning of the constitutional system in India and suggest changes. Gandhiji went on the Dandi March on 11 March 1930. The reason thus does not explain the assertion.
Assertion & Reason Test: Nationalism in India - Question 4

Direction: Mark the Option Which Is Most Suitable:

Assertion : Rich peasants became enthusiastic supporters of the Civil Disobedience Movement, organising their communities and at times forcing reluctant members to participate in the boycott programmes.

Reason : However, they were deeply happy when the movement was called off in 1931 with revenue rates being lowered.

Detailed Solution for Assertion & Reason Test: Nationalism in India - Question 4
Assertion is true but reason is false. The peasants were deeply disappointed when the Civil Disobedience Movement was called off in 1931 without revenue rates being revised. They wanted the revenue rates revised and were thus actively participating in the movement but were deeply hurt when they could not achieve the same. Therefore, The assertion is true but the reason is false.
Assertion & Reason Test: Nationalism in India - Question 5

Find the incorrect option:

Detailed Solution for Assertion & Reason Test: Nationalism in India - Question 5
The Incorrect option is (a) : Mahatma Gandhi found in sugar a powerful symbol that could unite a nation.

Correct answer is : Mahatma Gandhi found in salt a powerful symbol that could unite a nation.

Assertion & Reason Test: Nationalism in India - Question 6

Find the incorrect option:

Detailed Solution for Assertion & Reason Test: Nationalism in India - Question 6
The Incorrect option is (b) : It was against enhancement of land revenue, known as the Civil Disobedience Movement. Correct answer is : It was against enhancement of land revenue, known as Bardoli Satyagraha.
Assertion & Reason Test: Nationalism in India - Question 7

Analyze the information given below, considering one of the following correct options:

As the national movement developed, nationalist leaders became more and more aware of such icons and symbols in unifying people and inspiring in them a feeling of nationalism. During the Swadeshi Movement in Bengal, a tricolour flag (red, green and yellow) was designed. It had eight lotuses representing eight provinces of British India, and a crescent moon, representing Hindus and Muslims. By 1921, Gandhiji had designed the Swaraj flag. It was again a tricolour (red, green and white) and had a spinning wheel in the centre, representing the Gandhian ideal of self-help. Carrying the flag, holding it aloft, during marches became a symbol of defiance.

Detailed Solution for Assertion & Reason Test: Nationalism in India - Question 7
  • As the national movement developed, nationalist leaders became more and more aware of such icons and symbols in unifying people and inspiring in them a feeling of nationalism.

  • During the Swadeshi Movement in Bengal, a tricolour flag (red, green and yellow) was designed.

  • It had eight lotuses representing eight provinces of British India, and a crescent moon, representing Hindus and Muslims.

  • By 1921, Gandhiji had designed the Swaraj Flag. It was again a tricolour (red, green, white) and had a spinning wheel in the centre representing the Gandhian ideal of self-help.

  • Carrying the flag holding it aloft during marches became a symbol.

Assertion & Reason Test: Nationalism in India - Question 8

Arrange the following in the correct sequence: Certain events are given below.

Choose the appropriate chronological order:

(i) Formation of the Muslim League.

(ii) The First World War.

(iii) The first meeting of the Indian National Congress in Bombay.

(iv) The war prices increased in double.

Detailed Solution for Assertion & Reason Test: Nationalism in India - Question 8

Correct Sequence are:
(ii) The First World War.
(iv) The war prices increased in double.
(i) Formation of the Muslim League.
(iii) The first meeting of the Indian National Congress in Bombay.

Assertion & Reason Test: Nationalism in India - Question 9

Match the following items given in Column A with those in Column B:

Detailed Solution for Assertion & Reason Test: Nationalism in India - Question 9
(i) The Second Round Table Conference was held in London from 7 September 1931 to 1 December 1931 with the participation of Gandhi and the Indian National Congress.

(ii) Hindustan Socialist Republican Association: HRA was later reorganised as the Hindustan Socialist Republican Army (HSRA). It was established in 1928 at Feroz Shah Kotla in New Delhi by Chandra Shekhar Azad, Ashfaqulla Khan, Bhagat Singh, Sukhdev Thapar and Jogesh Chandra Chatterjee.

(iii) All Indian Trade Union Congress: It was founded on 31 October 1920 with Lala Lajpat Rai as its first president. In Bombay by Lala Lajpat Rai, Joseph Baptista, N. M. Joshi, Diwan Chaman Lall and a few others and, until 1945 when unions became organised on party lines, it was the primary trade union organisation in India.

(iv) Swadeshi Movement: There was a tricolour flag which was designed during the swadeshi movement in Bengal. The flag was designed by Pingali Venkayya. It was Gandhi's idea about how it should be designed but he commissioned the responsibility to Venkayya to design the flag. It was the first Indian flag which was designed.

Assertion & Reason Test: Nationalism in India - Question 10

In the questions given below, there are two statements marked as Assertion (A) and Reason (R). Read the statements and choose the correct option:

Assertion (A) : It was declared that 26th January, 1930 would be celebrated as the Independence Day when people were to take a pledge to struggle for Complete Independence.

Reason (R) : Mahatma Gandhi had to find a way to relate this abstract idea of freedom to more concrete issues of everyday life.

Detailed Solution for Assertion & Reason Test: Nationalism in India - Question 10
  • In December 1929, under the Presidency of Jawaharlal Nehru, the Lahore Congress formalised the demand of 'Purna Swaraj' or full independence for India. It was declared that 26 January 1930 would be celebrated as the Independence Day when people were to take a pledge to struggle for complete independence.

  • Mahatma Gandhi found in salt a powerful symbol that could unite the nation.Salt was something consumed by the rich and the poor alike, and it was one of the most essential items of food. Due to tax on salt and the government monopoly over its production, Mahatma Gandhi declared and revealed the most oppressive face of British rule. Thus, Gandhiji demanded to abolish the salt tax.

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