CLAT - Past Year Paper 2013


200 Questions MCQ Test CLAT Past Year Papers (2008-2019) | CLAT - Past Year Paper 2013


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This mock test of CLAT - Past Year Paper 2013 for CLAT helps you for every CLAT entrance exam. This contains 200 Multiple Choice Questions for CLAT CLAT - Past Year Paper 2013 (mcq) to study with solutions a complete question bank. The solved questions answers in this CLAT - Past Year Paper 2013 quiz give you a good mix of easy questions and tough questions. CLAT students definitely take this CLAT - Past Year Paper 2013 exercise for a better result in the exam. You can find other CLAT - Past Year Paper 2013 extra questions, long questions & short questions for CLAT on EduRev as well by searching above.
QUESTION: 1

Directions (Q. Nos. 1-10) Read the given passage carefully and attempt the questions that follow.

It is an old saying that knowledge is power. Education is an instrument, which imparts knowledge and therefore, indirectly controls power. Therefore ever since the dawn of our civilization, persons in power have always tried to supervise or control education. It has been handmaid of the ruling class. During the Christian era, the ecclesiastics controlled the institution of education and diffused among the people the gospel of the Bible and religious teachings. These gospels and teachings were no other than a philosophy for the maintenance of the existing society.
It taught the poor man to be meek and to earn his bread with the sweat of his brow, while the priests and the landlords lived in luxury and fought duels for the slightest offence. During the Renaissance, education passed more from the clutches of the priest into the hands of the prince. In other words, it became more secular. Under the control of the monarch, education began to devise and preach the infallibility of its masters, the monarch or king. It also invented and supported fantastic theories like ‘The Divine Right Theory’ and that the king can do no wrong etc. With the advent of the industrial revolution, education took a different turn and had to please the new masters. It now no longer remained the privilege of the baron class, but was thrown open to the new rich merchant class of the society. The philosophy, which was in vogue during this period was that of ‘Laissez Faire’ restricting the function of the state to a mere keeping of laws and order while on the other hand, in practice the law of the jungle prevailed in the form of free competition and the survival of the fittest.

Q. What does the theory ‘Divine Right of King’ stipulate?

Solution:
QUESTION: 2

It is an old saying that knowledge is power. Education is an instrument, which imparts knowledge and therefore, indirectly controls power. Therefore ever since the dawn of our civilization, persons in power have always tried to supervise or control education. It has been handmaid of the ruling class. During the Christian era, the ecclesiastics controlled the institution of education and diffused among the people the gospel of the Bible and religious teachings. These gospels and teachings were no other than a philosophy for the maintenance of the existing society.
It taught the poor man to be meek and to earn his bread with the sweat of his brow, while the priests and the landlords lived in luxury and fought duels for the slightest offence. During the Renaissance, education passed more from the clutches of the priest into the hands of the prince. In other words, it became more secular. Under the control of the monarch, education began to devise and preach the infallibility of its masters, the monarch or king. It also invented and supported fantastic theories like ‘The Divine Right Theory’ and that the king can do no wrong etc. With the advent of the industrial revolution, education took a different turn and had to please the new masters. It now no longer remained the privilege of the baron class, but was thrown open to the new rich merchant class of the society. The philosophy, which was in vogue during this period was that of ‘Laissez Faire’ restricting the function of the state to a mere keeping of laws and order while on the other hand, in practice the law of the jungle prevailed in the form of free competition and the survival of the fittest.

Q. Who controlled education during the Renaissance?

Solution:
QUESTION: 3

It is an old saying that knowledge is power. Education is an instrument, which imparts knowledge and therefore, indirectly controls power. Therefore ever since the dawn of our civilization, persons in power have always tried to supervise or control education. It has been handmaid of the ruling class. During the Christian era, the ecclesiastics controlled the institution of education and diffused among the people the gospel of the Bible and religious teachings. These gospels and teachings were no other than a philosophy for the maintenance of the existing society.
It taught the poor man to be meek and to earn his bread with the sweat of his brow, while the priests and the landlords lived in luxury and fought duels for the slightest offence. During the Renaissance, education passed more from the clutches of the priest into the hands of the prince. In other words, it became more secular. Under the control of the monarch, education began to devise and preach the infallibility of its masters, the monarch or king. It also invented and supported fantastic theories like ‘The Divine Right Theory’ and that the king can do no wrong etc. With the advent of the industrial revolution, education took a different turn and had to please the new masters. It now no longer remained the privilege of the baron class, but was thrown open to the new rich merchant class of the society. The philosophy, which was in vogue during this period was that of ‘Laissez Faire’ restricting the function of the state to a mere keeping of laws and order while on the other hand, in practice the law of the jungle prevailed in the form of free competition and the survival of the fittest.

Q. What did the ruling class in the Christian Era think of the poor man?

Solution:
QUESTION: 4

It is an old saying that knowledge is power. Education is an instrument, which imparts knowledge and therefore, indirectly controls power. Therefore ever since the dawn of our civilization, persons in power have always tried to supervise or control education. It has been handmaid of the ruling class. During the Christian era, the ecclesiastics controlled the institution of education and diffused among the people the gospel of the Bible and religious teachings. These gospels and teachings were no other than a philosophy for the maintenance of the existing society.
It taught the poor man to be meek and to earn his bread with the sweat of his brow, while the priests and the landlords lived in luxury and fought duels for the slightest offence. During the Renaissance, education passed more from the clutches of the priest into the hands of the prince. In other words, it became more secular. Under the control of the monarch, education began to devise and preach the infallibility of its masters, the monarch or king. It also invented and supported fantastic theories like ‘The Divine Right Theory’ and that the king can do no wrong etc. With the advent of the industrial revolution, education took a different turn and had to please the new masters. It now no longer remained the privilege of the baron class, but was thrown open to the new rich merchant class of the society. The philosophy, which was in vogue during this period was that of ‘Laissez Faire’ restricting the function of the state to a mere keeping of laws and order while on the other hand, in practice the law of the jungle prevailed in the form of free competition and the survival of the fittest.

Q. Who controlled the institution of education during the Christian Era?

Solution: For the answer we will see the third paragraph. It says that during renaissance, education passed more from the clutches of the priest into the hands of the prince and became more secular. The mention of Christian Era is before the mention of the renaissance. So cross referencing we can clearly see that during Christian Era the power to educate people must be under the priest because after that era (in Renaissance) this power shifts from priests to the hands of prince and hence became secular.
Therefore we can say that during the Christian Era the institution of education was controlled by the church and the priests. Therefore option B
QUESTION: 5

It is an old saying that knowledge is power. Education is an instrument, which imparts knowledge and therefore, indirectly controls power. Therefore ever since the dawn of our civilization, persons in power have always tried to supervise or control education. It has been handmaid of the ruling class. During the Christian era, the ecclesiastics controlled the institution of education and diffused among the people the gospel of the Bible and religious teachings. These gospels and teachings were no other than a philosophy for the maintenance of the existing society.
It taught the poor man to be meek and to earn his bread with the sweat of his brow, while the priests and the landlords lived in luxury and fought duels for the slightest offence. During the Renaissance, education passed more from the clutches of the priest into the hands of the prince. In other words, it became more secular. Under the control of the monarch, education began to devise and preach the infallibility of its masters, the monarch or king. It also invented and supported fantastic theories like ‘The Divine Right Theory’ and that the king can do no wrong etc. With the advent of the industrial revolution, education took a different turn and had to please the new masters. It now no longer remained the privilege of the baron class, but was thrown open to the new rich merchant class of the society. The philosophy, which was in vogue during this period was that of ‘Laissez Faire’ restricting the function of the state to a mere keeping of laws and order while on the other hand, in practice the law of the jungle prevailed in the form of free competition and the survival of the fittest.

Q. What does the word ‘fallibility’ mean?

Solution:
QUESTION: 6

It is an old saying that knowledge is power. Education is an instrument, which imparts knowledge and therefore, indirectly controls power. Therefore ever since the dawn of our civilization, persons in power have always tried to supervise or control education. It has been handmaid of the ruling class. During the Christian era, the ecclesiastics controlled the institution of education and diffused among the people the gospel of the Bible and religious teachings. These gospels and teachings were no other than a philosophy for the maintenance of the existing society.
It taught the poor man to be meek and to earn his bread with the sweat of his brow, while the priests and the landlords lived in luxury and fought duels for the slightest offence. During the Renaissance, education passed more from the clutches of the priest into the hands of the prince. In other words, it became more secular. Under the control of the monarch, education began to devise and preach the infallibility of its masters, the monarch or king. It also invented and supported fantastic theories like ‘The Divine Right Theory’ and that the king can do no wrong etc. With the advent of the industrial revolution, education took a different turn and had to please the new masters. It now no longer remained the privilege of the baron class, but was thrown open to the new rich merchant class of the society. The philosophy, which was in vogue during this period was that of ‘Laissez Faire’ restricting the function of the state to a mere keeping of laws and order while on the other hand, in practice the law of the jungle prevailed in the form of free competition and the survival of the fittest.

Q. What do you mean by the ‘sweat of his brow’? 

Solution:
QUESTION: 7

It is an old saying that knowledge is power. Education is an instrument, which imparts knowledge and therefore, indirectly controls power. Therefore ever since the dawn of our civilization, persons in power have always tried to supervise or control education. It has been handmaid of the ruling class. During the Christian era, the ecclesiastics controlled the institution of education and diffused among the people the gospel of the Bible and religious teachings. These gospels and teachings were no other than a philosophy for the maintenance of the existing society.
It taught the poor man to be meek and to earn his bread with the sweat of his brow, while the priests and the landlords lived in luxury and fought duels for the slightest offence. During the Renaissance, education passed more from the clutches of the priest into the hands of the prince. In other words, it became more secular. Under the control of the monarch, education began to devise and preach the infallibility of its masters, the monarch or king. It also invented and supported fantastic theories like ‘The Divine Right Theory’ and that the king can do no wrong etc. With the advent of the industrial revolution, education took a different turn and had to please the new masters. It now no longer remained the privilege of the baron class, but was thrown open to the new rich merchant class of the society. The philosophy, which was in vogue during this period was that of ‘Laissez Faire’ restricting the function of the state to a mere keeping of laws and order while on the other hand, in practice the law of the jungle prevailed in the form of free competition and the survival of the fittest.

Q. What does the policy of ‘Laissez Faire’ stand for? 

Solution:
QUESTION: 8

It is an old saying that knowledge is power. Education is an instrument, which imparts knowledge and therefore, indirectly controls power. Therefore ever since the dawn of our civilization, persons in power have always tried to supervise or control education. It has been handmaid of the ruling class. During the Christian era, the ecclesiastics controlled the institution of education and diffused among the people the gospel of the Bible and religious teachings. These gospels and teachings were no other than a philosophy for the maintenance of the existing society.
It taught the poor man to be meek and to earn his bread with the sweat of his brow, while the priests and the landlords lived in luxury and fought duels for the slightest offence. During the Renaissance, education passed more from the clutches of the priest into the hands of the prince. In other words, it became more secular. Under the control of the monarch, education began to devise and preach the infallibility of its masters, the monarch or king. It also invented and supported fantastic theories like ‘The Divine Right Theory’ and that the king can do no wrong etc. With the advent of the industrial revolution, education took a different turn and had to please the new masters. It now no longer remained the privilege of the baron class, but was thrown open to the new rich merchant class of the society. The philosophy, which was in vogue during this period was that of ‘Laissez Faire’ restricting the function of the state to a mere keeping of laws and order while on the other hand, in practice the law of the jungle prevailed in the form of free competition and the survival of the fittest.

Q. Which of the following describes the writer? 

Solution:
QUESTION: 9

It is an old saying that knowledge is power. Education is an instrument, which imparts knowledge and therefore, indirectly controls power. Therefore ever since the dawn of our civilization, persons in power have always tried to supervise or control education. It has been handmaid of the ruling class. During the Christian era, the ecclesiastics controlled the institution of education and diffused among the people the gospel of the Bible and religious teachings. These gospels and teachings were no other than a philosophy for the maintenance of the existing society.
It taught the poor man to be meek and to earn his bread with the sweat of his brow, while the priests and the landlords lived in luxury and fought duels for the slightest offence. During the Renaissance, education passed more from the clutches of the priest into the hands of the prince. In other words, it became more secular. Under the control of the monarch, education began to devise and preach the infallibility of its masters, the monarch or king. It also invented and supported fantastic theories like ‘The Divine Right Theory’ and that the king can do no wrong etc. With the advent of the industrial revolution, education took a different turn and had to please the new masters. It now no longer remained the privilege of the baron class, but was thrown open to the new rich merchant class of the society. The philosophy, which was in vogue during this period was that of ‘Laissez Faire’ restricting the function of the state to a mere keeping of laws and order while on the other hand, in practice the law of the jungle prevailed in the form of free competition and the survival of the fittest.

Q. Choose the correct synonym out of the four choices given.

Gospels

Solution:
QUESTION: 10

It is an old saying that knowledge is power. Education is an instrument, which imparts knowledge and therefore, indirectly controls power. Therefore ever since the dawn of our civilization, persons in power have always tried to supervise or control education. It has been handmaid of the ruling class. During the Christian era, the ecclesiastics controlled the institution of education and diffused among the people the gospel of the Bible and religious teachings. These gospels and teachings were no other than a philosophy for the maintenance of the existing society.
It taught the poor man to be meek and to earn his bread with the sweat of his brow, while the priests and the landlords lived in luxury and fought duels for the slightest offence. During the Renaissance, education passed more from the clutches of the priest into the hands of the prince. In other words, it became more secular. Under the control of the monarch, education began to devise and preach the infallibility of its masters, the monarch or king. It also invented and supported fantastic theories like ‘The Divine Right Theory’ and that the king can do no wrong etc. With the advent of the industrial revolution, education took a different turn and had to please the new masters. It now no longer remained the privilege of the baron class, but was thrown open to the new rich merchant class of the society. The philosophy, which was in vogue during this period was that of ‘Laissez Faire’ restricting the function of the state to a mere keeping of laws and order while on the other hand, in practice the law of the jungle prevailed in the form of free competition and the survival of the fittest.

Q. Choose the correct synonym out of the four choices given.

Vogue

Solution:
QUESTION: 11

Select the word that is spelt correctly.

Solution: Paraphernalia most commonly refers to a group of apparatus, equipment, or furnishing used for a particular activity. For example, an avid sports fan may cover his walls with football and/or basketball paraphernalia.The word that is not correctly spelt is B) Malodorus . Therefore the correct way to spell it is malodorous which means something which is smelling very unpleasant. 
QUESTION: 12

Select the word that is spelt correctly.

Solution:
QUESTION: 13

Select the word that is spelt correctly.

Solution:
QUESTION: 14

Select the word that is spelt correctly.

Solution:
QUESTION: 15

Select the word that is spelt correctly.

Solution:
QUESTION: 16

Select the best option from the four alternatives given.

Q. Unless the …….. this office, I will not say anything.

Solution:
QUESTION: 17

Select the best option from the four alternatives given.

Q. ………… I would help all the poor people.

Solution:
QUESTION: 18

Select the best option from the four alternatives given.

Q. ………… the news an hour ago.

Solution:
QUESTION: 19

Select the best option from the four alternatives given.

Q. He spoke ………. About his prospects.

Solution:
QUESTION: 20

Select the best option from the four alternatives given.

Q. The boy is not interested in playing, ………..?

Solution:
QUESTION: 21

Select the best option from the four alternatives given.

Q. He told us that we should never live beyond ………. means.

Solution: Living beyond our means to live more than  you can afford
QUESTION: 22

Select the best option from the four alternatives given.

Q. May I request ………. you again to consider my case favourably.

Solution:
QUESTION: 23

Select the best option from the four alternatives given.

Q. Known as devout and serious person, she also has ……….. sense of humour.

Solution:
QUESTION: 24

Galileo said, ‘The Earth ……… around the Sun’.

Solution:
QUESTION: 25

We ………… our work before the guests arrived at our house.

Solution:
QUESTION: 26

Directions : The sentences given in question, when properly sequenced, form a coherent paragraph. Each sentence is labeled with a letter. Choose the most logical order of sentences from among the given choices to construct a coherent paragraph.

Q. A : People who start up their own business typically come from two extreme backgrounds : One is the business family background and the other is a steady professional family background.
B : Typically, people from different backgrounds face different kinds of basic problems.
C : The people from both the backgrounds find it very difficult to establish and manage an enterprise.
D : Starting up and managing a small business is no joke.

Solution:
QUESTION: 27

The sentences given in question, when properly sequenced, form a coherent paragraph. Each sentence is labeled with a letter. Choose the most logical order of sentences from among the given choices to construct a coherent paragraph.
Q. 
A : Venture capital is recommended as the ideal source of financing for a successfully small business.
B : Several companies including start ups have been funded by dedicated venture funds during this decade.
C : Despite this, an average Indian entrepreneur understands and appreciation of venture capital concept has been woefully inadequate.
D : In the Indian context, though venture capital has been a relatively late entrant, it has already made a reasonable impact.

Solution:
QUESTION: 28

The sentences given in question, when properly sequenced, form a coherent paragraph. Each sentence is labeled with a letter. Choose the most logical order of sentences from among the given choices to construct a coherent paragraph.

Q. A : Progress in diagnosis, in preventive medicine and in treatment, both medicinal and surgical, has been rapid and breathe taking.
B : Much in medicine which is not taken for granted was undreamt of even as recently as 20 yr ago.
C : Presently small pox has been eradicated, poliomyelitis practically banished, tuberculosis has become curable and coronary artery disease surgically relievable.
D : The dramatic surge in the field of molecular biology and research by immunologists and geneticists has succeeded in controlling parasitic diseases like malaria and river blindness that affect millions of people round the world.

Solution:
QUESTION: 29

The sentences given in question, when properly sequenced, form a coherent paragraph. Each sentence is labeled with a letter. Choose the most logical order of sentences from among the given choices to construct a coherent paragraph.

Q. A : Instead, many deaths and injuries result from falling objects and the collapse of buildings, bridges and other structures.
B : Earthquakes almost never kill people directly.
C : Fire resulting from broken gas or power lines is another major danger during a quake.

D : Spills of hazardous chemicals are also a concern during an earthquake.

Solution:
QUESTION: 30

The sentences given in question, when properly sequenced, form a coherent paragraph. Each sentence is labeled with a letter. Choose the most logical order of sentences from among the given choices to construct a coherent paragraph.
Q. 
A : The Winchester or hard disk drives can store much more data than what can be stored on a floppy diskette.
B : Hard disks come sealed and they cannot be removed or changed like floppy diskettes.
C : Often floppy disk system is used in conjunction with the Winchester disk system
D : This makes for an ideal system for secondary storage.

Solution:
QUESTION: 31

Directions : Given below are a few foreign language phrases, which are commonly used.

Q. El-Dorado

Solution:
QUESTION: 32

Given below are a few foreign language phrases, which are commonly used.

Q. Quantum damnificatus

Solution:
QUESTION: 33

Given below are a few foreign language phrases, which are commonly used.

Q. Corpus delicti

Solution:
QUESTION: 34

Given below are a few foreign language phrases, which are commonly used.

Q. Vis-à-vis

Solution:
QUESTION: 35

Given below are a few foreign language phrases, which are commonly used.

Q. Carte blanche

Solution:
QUESTION: 36

Choose the explanation that catches the spirit of the idiom given in each question.

Q. To blaze a trail

Solution:
QUESTION: 37

Choose the explanation that catches the spirit of the idiom given in each question.

Q. A snake in the grass

Solution:
QUESTION: 38

Choose the explanation that catches the spirit of the idiom given in each question.

Q. Have too many irons in the fire

Solution:
QUESTION: 39

Choose the explanation that catches the spirit of the idiom given in each question.

Q. A fair weather friend

Solution:
QUESTION: 40

Choose the explanation that catches the spirit of the idiom given in each question.

Q. A panacea

Solution:
QUESTION: 41

2/3 is a rational number whereas 

Solution:
QUESTION: 42

Greatest number which divides 926 and 2313, leaving 2 and 3 remainders, respectively, is

Solution:
QUESTION: 43

A single discount equivalent to a discount series 15% and 5% is

Solution:
QUESTION: 44

By selling a cycle for Rs. 2345, a student loses 19%. His cost price is nearly

Solution:
QUESTION: 45

Diagonals of a rhombus are 1 m and 1.5 m in lengths. The area of the rhombus is

Solution:
QUESTION: 46

An angle in a semi-circle is

Solution:
QUESTION: 47

In a school for midday meal food is sufficient for 250 students for 33 days, if each student is given 125 g meals. 80 more students joined the school. If same amount of meal is given to each student, then the food will last for 

Solution:
QUESTION: 48

In a school of 500 students, 102 students can read Hindi and Tamil both, 200 students can read only Hindi. The students who can read only Tamil are  

Solution: In this, if we assume that all 500 students have at least one language then

500 students= Students who read only Hindi + student who can read both + student who can read only Tamil 

=> students who can read only Tamil = 500 - only Hindi - both language 
=> only tamil students = 500 - 200-102 = 500 - 302 = 198
QUESTION: 49

The value of k or which kx + 3y – k + 3 = 0 and 12x + ky = k, have infinite solutions, is 

Solution:
QUESTION: 50

Table shows the daily expenditure on food of 25 households a locality

The mean daily expenditure on food is

Solution:
QUESTION: 51

A box contains 24 marbles, some are green and others are blue. If a marble is drawn at random from the jar, the probability that it is green is 2/3. The number of blue balls in the jar is

Solution:
QUESTION: 52

The population of a city is 250 thousand. It is increasing at the rate of 2% every year. The growth in the population after 2 yr is

Solution:
QUESTION: 53

If a point (x, y) in a OXY-plane is equidistant from (-1, 1) and (4, 3), then

Solution:
QUESTION: 54

Sum of first 15 multiples of 8 is

Solution:
QUESTION: 55

A rod of 2 cm diameter and 30 cm length is converted into a wire of 3 m length of uniform thickness. The diameter of the wire is

Solution:
QUESTION: 56

Two straight poles of unequal length stand upright on a ground. The length of the shorter pole is 10 m. A pole joins the top of the two vertical poles. The distance between the two tops is 5 m. The distance between the poles along the ground is 4 m. the area thus formed by the three poles with the ground is 

Solution:
QUESTION: 57

Pipe A can fill a tank in 10 h and pipe B can fill the same tank in 12 h. Both the pipes are opened to fill the tank and after 3 h pipe A is closed. Pipe B will fill the remaining part of the tank in

Solution:
QUESTION: 58

A ground 100*80mhas,two cross roads in its middle.the road parallel to the lenth is 5 m wide and the other roads are perpendicular to each other. yhe cost of laying the bricks at the rate of Rs.10per m2,onthe roads,will be

Solution:
QUESTION: 59

If selling price of 10 articles is equal to cost price of articles,then gain is

Solution:
QUESTION: 60

Angles of a quadrilateral are in the ratio 3 : 4 : 5 : 8. The smallest angle is

Solution:

Let First angle = 3x

Second angle = 4x

Third angle = 5x

and fourth angle = 8x

We know 3x + 4x+ 5x + 8x = 360 degree

=> 20x = 360 degree

x = 18 degree

Measure of smallest angle

= 3x =3x18 degree=54 degree

QUESTION: 61

The headquarter of European Union is situated in

Solution:
QUESTION: 62

India in 2008 successfully put Chandrayaan-1 into its initial orbit by

Solution:
QUESTION: 63

Vishwanathan Anand retained the World Chess Championship in 2012 by defeating Boris Gelfand. Mr. Gelfand belongs to 

Solution:
QUESTION: 64

Kapilvastu Relics (fragments of Lord Buddha’s bone), for the second time in 114 yr, recently travelled from India to

Solution:
QUESTION: 65

Dr. Norman Borlaug is famous as father of the Green Revolution in 1960s. His initial goal was to create varieties of wheat adapted to the climate of 

Solution:
QUESTION: 66

A feature ‘Bluetooth’ now common in mobile phones, gets its name from a 

Solution:
QUESTION: 67

Which pair of states does not touch each other?

Solution:
QUESTION: 68

Baglihar dam, is constructed on river

Solution:
QUESTION: 69

Navjiwan Trust was instituted with the objectives of propagating peaceful means of attaining third Swaraj, by 

Solution:
QUESTION: 70

World Cup Football 2014 and Olympics 2016 will be held in

Solution:
QUESTION: 71

In 2012-13, India’s target is to restrict the fiscal deficit to x% of the GDP, where x is

Solution:
QUESTION: 72

POSCO steel project to come up, but being strongly protested by the people is located in

Solution:
QUESTION: 73

Bharat Ratna and Padma Awards in our country were instituted in the year

Solution:
QUESTION: 74

Who was crowned the Miss World 2012 on August 18, 2012?

Solution:
QUESTION: 75

Vishwaroopam is a 2013 Tamil spy thriller film written, directed and coproduced by __________, who also enacts the lead role.

Solution:
QUESTION: 76

Vijay Kumar, who clinched a Silver Medal in London Olympics in 2012 is associated with

Solution: Shooting glory: Vijay Kumar wins silver. Army sharp shooter Vijay Kumar clinches the silver medal in the men's 25m Rapid Fire Pistol event at the Olympic Games in London on Friday, August 3, 2012.
QUESTION: 77

Sushil Kumar, who won a Silver Medal in London Olympics in 2012 is associated with

Solution:
QUESTION: 78

How many medals did India win in London Olympics 2012?

Solution:
QUESTION: 79

The present Pope chosen in March 2013, hails from which country?

Solution: Born in Buenos Aires, Argentina, on December 17, 1936, Jorge Mario Bergoglio became Pope Francis on March 13, 2013, when he was named the 266th pope of the Roman Catholic Church. Bergoglio, the first pope from the Americas, took his papal title after St. Francis of Assisi of Italy.
QUESTION: 80

The first person to set foot on the Moon on July 20, 1969 and, who died on August 25, 2012 was

Solution:
QUESTION: 81

In which place, on February 21, 2013, two powerful explosive devices planted on bicycles had exploded in Andhra Pradesh?

Solution:
QUESTION: 82

On which date Maha Kumbh Mela started in Prayag this year?

Solution:
QUESTION: 83

On which date ‘International Women’s Day’ is celebrated?

Solution:
QUESTION: 84

Duration of which Five Year Plan was 2007-2012?

Solution:
QUESTION: 85

As per census 2011, which state has the lowest sex ratio (877 : 1000)?

Solution:
QUESTION: 86

Hugo Chavez, who died on March 5, 2013 after losing his battle with cancer, was the President, of which country?

Solution:
QUESTION: 87

Carlos Slim, who tops the list of world’s wealthiest people, for the fourth year in a row, belongs to which country?

Solution:
QUESTION: 88

In the name P Chidambaram, the present Union Finance Minister, what does ‘P’ stands for?

Solution:
QUESTION: 89

The earlier name of which city was New Amsterdam?

Solution:
QUESTION: 90

The grant of Diwani of Bengal, Bihar and Orissa is associated with

Solution:
QUESTION: 91

Where did Kuchipudi, an eminent dance form, originate?

Solution:
QUESTION: 92

Light Year is the unit of

Solution: A light-year is a unit of distance. It is the distance that light can travel in one year. Light moves at a velocity of about 300,000 kilometers (km) each second. So in one year, it can travel about 10 trillion km.
QUESTION: 93

The leaning tower of Pisa does not fall because

Solution:
QUESTION: 94

‘Paradise Regained’ was written by

Solution: Paradise Lost is an epic poem in blank verse by the 17th-century English poet John Milton (1608–1674). The first version, published in 1667, consisted of ten books with over ten thousand lines of verse. Milton's purpose, stated in Book I, is to "justify the ways of God to men".
QUESTION: 95

Which is the richest temple in India?

Solution: Padmanabhaswamy Temple, Kerala. The richest temple in the country, the shrine of Lord Padmanabhaswamy possesses wealth of around $20 billion in six vaults of Gold. The Golden idol of Mahavishnu, found in this temple worth Rs. 500 Crore.
QUESTION: 96

Who founded the Red Cross?

Solution:
QUESTION: 97

‘World Literacy Day’ is celebrated on

Solution:
International Literacy Day. 8 September was declared international literacy day by UNESCO on 26 October 1966 at 14th session of UNESCO's General conference. It was celebrated for the first time in 1967. Its aim is to highlight the importance of literacy to individuals, communities and societies.

QUESTION: 98

South African Paralympics icon Oscar Pistorius has been accused of killing

Solution:
QUESTION: 99

In the month of March, 2013 the Supreme Court of India issued a notice that the ambassador of the following country shall not leave India without the permission of the Supreme Court.

Solution:
QUESTION: 100

The Constitution (One Hundred Seventeenth Amendment) Bill, 2012 makes provisions regarding

Solution:
QUESTION: 101

The number of High Courts in India is

Solution:
QUESTION: 102

The last British Emperor of India was

Solution:
QUESTION: 103

Palaeolithic period is also known as

Solution:
QUESTION: 104

Capital of India was transferred from Calcutta to Delhi in the year

Solution:
QUESTION: 105

The chairman of Fundamental Rights sub-committee of the Constituent Assembly was

Solution:
QUESTION: 106

The Environment Protection Act was passed by the Parliament of India in the year

Solution: Environment Protection Act, 1986. Environment Protection Act,1986 19 Nov and 26 sections is an Act of the Parliament of India. In the wake of the Bhopal Tragedy, the Government of India enacted the Environment Protection Act of 1986 under Article 253 of the Constitution.
QUESTION: 107

International Year of Biodiversity is/was/will be

Solution: The International Year of Biodiversity (IYB) was a year-long celebration of biological diversity and its importance, taking place internationally in 2010. Coinciding with the date of the 2010 Biodiversity Target, the year was declared by the 61st session of the United Nations General Assembly in 2006.
QUESTION: 108

The first Shaka king in India was

Solution:
QUESTION: 109

Potential energy is described by the expression

Solution:
QUESTION: 110

Where was 16th NAM Summit held?

Solution:
QUESTION: 111

Direction : Answer the following questions based on the statements given below

(i) There are 3 poles on each side of the road.

(ii) These six poles are labeled A, B, C, D, E and F

(iii) The poles are of different colours namely Golden, Silver, Metallic, Black, Bronze and White.

(iv) The poles are of different heights.

(v) E, the tallest pole, is exactly opposite to the Golden coloured pole.

(vi) The shortest pole is exactly opposite to the Metallic coloured pole.

(vii) F, the Black coloured pole, is located between A and D.

(viii) C, the Bronze coloured pole, is exactly opposite to A.

(ix) B, the Metallic coloured pole, is exactly opposite to F.

(x) A, the White coloured pole, is taller than C but shorter than D and B.

Q.
What is the colour of the pole diagonally opposite to the Bronze coloured pole?

Solution:
QUESTION: 112

Direction : Answer the following questions based on the statements given below

(i) There are 3 poles on each side of the road.

(ii) These six poles are labeled A, B, C, D, E and F

(iii) The poles are of different colours namely Golden, Silver, Metallic, Black, Bronze and White.

(iv) The poles are of different heights.

(v) E, the tallest pole, is exactly opposite to the Golden coloured pole.

(vi) The shortest pole is exactly opposite to the Metallic coloured pole.

(vii) F, the Black coloured pole, is located between A and D.

(viii) C, the Bronze coloured pole, is exactly opposite to A.

(ix) B, the Metallic coloured pole, is exactly opposite to F.

(x) A, the White coloured pole, is taller than C but shorter than D and B.

Q.
Which is the second tallest pole?

Solution:
QUESTION: 113

Direction : Answer the following questions based on the statements given below

(i) There are 3 poles on each side of the road.

(ii) These six poles are labeled A, B, C, D, E and F

(iii) The poles are of different colours namely Golden, Silver, Metallic, Black, Bronze and White.

(iv) The poles are of different heights.

(v) E, the tallest pole, is exactly opposite to the Golden coloured pole.

(vi) The shortest pole is exactly opposite to the Metallic coloured pole.

(vii) F, the Black coloured pole, is located between A and D.

(viii) C, the Bronze coloured pole, is exactly opposite to A.

(ix) B, the Metallic coloured pole, is exactly opposite to F.

(x) A, the White coloured pole, is taller than C but shorter than D and B.

Q.

Which if the colour of the tallest pole?

Solution:
QUESTION: 114

Directions : Answer the questions on the basis of the information given below.

The head of a newly formed Government desires to appoint five of the six elected ministers P, Q, R, S, T and U to portfolios of Foreign, Industry and Commerce, Agriculture, Rural Development and Human Resources. U does not want any portfolio if S gets one of the five. R wants either Foreign or Human Resources or no portfolio. Q says that if S gets industry and Commerce or Rural Development then she must get the other one. T insists on a portfolio if P gets one. 

Q.

Which of the following is a valid assignment?

Solution:
QUESTION: 115

Directions : Answer the questions on the basis of the information given below.

The head of a newly formed Government desires to appoint five of the six elected ministers P, Q, R, S, T and U to portfolios of Foreign, Industry and Commerce, Agriculture, Rural Development and Human Resources. U does not want any portfolio if S gets one of the five. R wants either Foreign or Human Resources or no portfolio. Q says that if S gets industry and Commerce or Rural Development then she must get the other one. T insists on a portfolio if P gets one. 

Q.
If P gets Foreign and R gets Human Resources, then which is not a valid assignment of Agriculture and Rural Development?

Solution:
QUESTION: 116

Directions : In each of the following questions, a related pair of words is followed questions, a related pair of words is followed by four pairs of words or phrases. Select the pair that best expresses a relationship similar to the one expressed in the question pair.

Q.

Action : Reaction

Solution:
QUESTION: 117

Directions : In each of the following questions, a related pair of words is followed questions, a related pair of words is followed by four pairs of words or phrases. Select the pair that best expresses a relationship similar to the one expressed in the question pair.
Q.
 Sorrow : Misery

Solution:
QUESTION: 118

Directions : In each of the following questions, a related pair of words is followed questions, a related pair of words is followed by four pairs of words or phrases. Select the pair that best expresses a relationship similar to the one expressed in the question pair.
Q.

Drama : Audience

Solution:
QUESTION: 119

Directions : In each of the following questions, a related pair of words is followed questions, a related pair of words is followed by four pairs of words or phrases. Select the pair that best expresses a relationship similar to the one expressed in the question pair.
Q.

Nuts : Bolts

Solution:
QUESTION: 120

Directions : In each of the following questions, a related pair of words is followed questions, a related pair of words is followed by four pairs of words or phrases. Select the pair that best expresses a relationship similar to the one expressed in the question pair.
Q.

Book : Author

Solution:
QUESTION: 121

Directions : Each question contains a statement on relationship and a question regarding relationship based on the statement. Select the correct option.

Q. Moni is daughter of Sheela. Sheela is wife of my wife’s brother. How Moni is related to my wife?

Solution:
QUESTION: 122

Directions : Each question contains a statement on relationship and a question regarding relationship based on the statement. Select the correct option.

Q. Annu is daughter of my mother’s brother Abahi. Pari is granddaughter of my mother. Pari should call Annu as 

Solution:
QUESTION: 123

Directions : Each question contains a statement on relationship and a question regarding relationship based on the statement. Select the correct option.

Q. Markandey is Rajiv’s mother’s father. Markandey has three brothers. One of them has grandson Abhi. Rajan is son of Abhi. Rajan is related to Rajiv as

Solution:
QUESTION: 124

Directions : Each question contains a statement on relationship and a question regarding relationship based on the statement. Select the correct option.

Q. Deepak said to Nitin, “That boy playing with the football is the younger of the two brothers of the daughter of my father’s wife”. How is the boy playing football related to Deepak?

Solution:
QUESTION: 125

Directions : Each question contains a statement on relationship and a question regarding relationship based on the statement. Select the correct option.

Q. Pointing to a woman in the photograph, Rajesh said, ‘The only daughter of her grandfather is my wife’. How is Rajesh related to that woman?

Solution:
QUESTION: 126

Directions : Read the information given below to answer the questions.

(i) Kareena’s dieting schedule consists of having only one fruit on a given day of the week.

(ii) Dietician has prescribed banana, papaya, pomegranate, apple and grape from Sunday to Friday, one day being a fasting day. Kareena cannot eat any fruit on Saturday.

(iii) Pomegranate day is neither on the first day nor or the last day but earlier than the papaya day.

(iv) Apple day is on the immediate next day of papaya day.

(v) Banana day is on the immediate previous day of the fasting day.

(vi) Apple day and grape day must have a gap of two days between them.

(vii) Grape day is the day immediately following the fasting day.

Q. Which of the following is the fasting day?

Solution:
QUESTION: 127

Directions : Read the information given below to answer the questions.

(i) Kareena’s dieting schedule consists of having only one fruit on a given day of the week.

(ii) Dietician has prescribed banana, papaya, pomegranate, apple and grape from Sunday to Friday, one day being a fasting day. Kareena cannot eat any fruit on Saturday.

(iii) Pomegranate day is neither on the first day nor or the last day but earlier than the papaya day.

(iv) Apple day is on the immediate next day of papaya day.

(v) Banana day is on the immediate previous day of the fasting day.

(vi) Apple day and grape day must have a gap of two days between them.

(vii) Grape day is the day immediately following the fasting day.

Q. Banana day and apple day have a gap of how many days between them? 

Solution:
QUESTION: 128

Directions : Read the information given below to answer the questions.

(i) Kareena’s dieting schedule consists of having only one fruit on a given day of the week.

(ii) Dietician has prescribed banana, papaya, pomegranate, apple and grape from Sunday to Friday, one day being a fasting day. Kareena cannot eat any fruit on Saturday.

(iii) Pomegranate day is neither on the first day nor or the last day but earlier than the papaya day.

(iv) Apple day is on the immediate next day of papaya day.

(v) Banana day is on the immediate previous day of the fasting day.

(vi) Apple day and grape day must have a gap of two days between them.

(vii) Grape day is the day immediately following the fasting day.

Q. Which day is grape day?

Solution:
QUESTION: 129

Directions : Read the information given below to answer the questions.

(i) Kareena’s dieting schedule consists of having only one fruit on a given day of the week.

(ii) Dietician has prescribed banana, papaya, pomegranate, apple and grape from Sunday to Friday, one day being a fasting day. Kareena cannot eat any fruit on Saturday.

(iii) Pomegranate day is neither on the first day nor or the last day but earlier than the papaya day.

(iv) Apple day is on the immediate next day of papaya day.

(v) Banana day is on the immediate previous day of the fasting day.

(vi) Apple day and grape day must have a gap of two days between them.

(vii) Grape day is the day immediately following the fasting day.

Q. Which day is pomegranate day?

Solution:
QUESTION: 130

Directions : Read the information given below to answer the questions.

(i) Kareena’s dieting schedule consists of having only one fruit on a given day of the week.

(ii) Dietician has prescribed banana, papaya, pomegranate, apple and grape from Sunday to Friday, one day being a fasting day. Kareena cannot eat any fruit on Saturday.

(iii) Pomegranate day is neither on the first day nor or the last day but earlier than the papaya day.

(iv) Apple day is on the immediate next day of papaya day.

(v) Banana day is on the immediate previous day of the fasting day.

(vi) Apple day and grape day must have a gap of two days between them.

(vii) Grape day is the day immediately following the fasting day.

Q. Which of the following is the correct statement?

Solution:
QUESTION: 131

Directions : Each question contains one statement and two courses of action I and II. Assuming the statements to be true, decide which of the two courses of action most logically follows.

Q.
Statement : 
Indian children are very talented but are instead weak in Science and Mathematics.

Courses of Action :

I. Teaching and textbooks are not available in mother language.
II. Education based on experiments in both the subjects is lacking.

Solution:
QUESTION: 132

Directions : Each question contains one statement and two courses of action I and II. Assuming the statements to be true, decide which of the two courses of action most logically follows.

Q.
Statement : Despite of child labour laws, children can be seen working in hotels, shops, houses very frequently.

Courses of Action :

I. The government should not make such laws which cannot be enforced.
II. A proper education system for the primary level particularly for lower caste community may eradicate this problem.

Solution:
QUESTION: 133

Directions : Each question contains one statement and two courses of action I and II. Assuming the statements to be true, decide which of the two courses of action most logically follows.

Q.

Statement : Kyoto protocol on environment is signed by almost every country of the world.

Courses of Action : 

I. As a result air, water and soil pollution have come down.
II. Increasing production of automobiles, refrigerators and fertilizers do not affect our environment.

Solution:
QUESTION: 134

Directions : Each question contains one statement and two courses of action I and II. Assuming the statements to be true, decide which of the two courses of action most logically follows.

Q.

Statement : School dropout rate is very high in the rural areas a children support their parents in income earning activities.

Courses of Action : 

I. Public awareness programme on primary education should be expanded immediately to educate parents.
II. Compensation is not a remedy.

Solution:
QUESTION: 135

Directions : Each question contains one statement and two courses of action I and II. Assuming the statements to be true, decide which of the two courses of action most logically follows.

Q.

Statement : Smoking is one of those human weaknesses which tend to test the will power of the smoker of the edge.

Courses of Action :

I. It is very difficult for the smoker to give up smoking even if they want to do so.
II. Human beings have other weaknesses as well.

Solution:
QUESTION: 136

Directions : Complete the series by choosing the correct option.

Q.

0, 1, 1, 2, 3, 5, 8, 13, 21,?

Solution:
QUESTION: 137

Directions : Complete the series by choosing the correct option.

Q.

A-10, E-15, I-20, M-25, …

Solution:
QUESTION: 138

Directions : Complete the series by choosing the correct option.

Q.

17,30,74,150, ?, 606

Solution:
QUESTION: 139

Directions : Complete the series by choosing the correct option.

Q.

2, 1, 4, 3, 6, 5, 8,?

Solution:
QUESTION: 140

Directions : Complete the series by choosing the correct option.

Q.

140. 1, 4, 27, 256,?

Solution:
QUESTION: 141

Directions : In each question below are given two statements numbered I and II. You have to take the two given statements as true even, if they seem to be at variance with commonly known facts. Read all the conclusions and then decide which of the given conclusions logically follow form the given statements, disregarding commonly known facts.

Q.
Statements :

I. All vegetables have gravy.
II. All lunch has vegetable.

Solution:
QUESTION: 142

Directions : In each question below are given two statements numbered I and II. You have to take the two given statements as true even, if they seem to be at variance with commonly known facts. Read all the conclusions and then decide which of the given conclusions logically follow form the given statements, disregarding commonly known facts.

Q.

Statements :

I. Karan Johar is a good director

II. Directors are intelligent.

Solution:
QUESTION: 143

Directions : In each question below are given two statements numbered I and II. You have to take the two given statements as true even, if they seem to be at variance with commonly known facts. Read all the conclusions and then decide which of the given conclusions logically follow form the given statements, disregarding commonly known facts.

Q.

Statements :

I. Some blues are green.
II. Pink is green.

Solution:
QUESTION: 144

Directions : In each question below are given two statements numbered I and II. You have to take the two given statements as true even, if they seem to be at variance with commonly known facts. Read all the conclusions and then decide which of the given conclusions logically follow form the given statements, disregarding commonly known facts.

Q.

Statements :

I. All boys are tall.
II. All Punjabi are tall.

Solution:
QUESTION: 145

Directions : In each question below are given two statements numbered I and II. You have to take the two given statements as true even, if they seem to be at variance with commonly known facts. Read all the conclusions and then decide which of the given conclusions logically follow form the given statements, disregarding commonly known facts.

Q.

Statements :

I. All girls go to the collage.
II. Rina does not go to the collage.

Solution:
QUESTION: 146

Directions  : Read the information given below to answer the questions.

A, B, C, D, E, F, G and H want to have a dinner on a round table and they have worked out the following seating arrangements.

(i) A will sit beside C

(ii) H will sit beside A

(iii) C will sit beside E

(iv) F will sit beside H

(v) E will sit beside G

(vi) D will sit beside F

(vi) G will beside B

(vii) B will sit beside D

Q.
Which of the following is wrong?

Solution:
QUESTION: 147

Directions  : Read the information given below to answer the questions.

A, B, C, D, E, F, G and H want to have a dinner on a round table and they have worked out the following seating arrangements.

(i) A will sit beside C

(ii) H will sit beside A

(iii) C will sit beside E

(iv) F will sit beside H

(v) E will sit beside G

(vi) D will sit beside F

(vi) G will beside B

(vii) B will sit beside D

Q.
Which of the following is correct?

Solution:
QUESTION: 148

Directions  : Read the information given below to answer the questions.

A, B, C, D, E, F, G and H want to have a dinner on a round table and they have worked out the following seating arrangements.

(i) A will sit beside C

(ii) H will sit beside A

(iii) C will sit beside E

(iv) F will sit beside H

(v) E will sit beside G

(vi) D will sit beside F

(vi) G will beside B

(vii) B will sit beside D

Q. A and F will become neighbours if

Solution:
QUESTION: 149

Directions  : Read the information given below to answer the questions.

A, B, C, D, E, F, G and H want to have a dinner on a round table and they have worked out the following seating arrangements.

(i) A will sit beside C

(ii) H will sit beside A

(iii) C will sit beside E

(iv) F will sit beside H

(v) E will sit beside G

(vi) D will sit beside F

(vi) G will beside B

(vii) B will sit beside D

Q.
During sitting 

Solution:
QUESTION: 150

Directions  : Read the information given below to answer the questions.

A, B, C, D, E, F, G and H want to have a dinner on a round table and they have worked out the following seating arrangements.

(i) A will sit beside C

(ii) H will sit beside A

(iii) C will sit beside E

(iv) F will sit beside H

(v) E will sit beside G

(vi) D will sit beside F

(vi) G will beside B

(vii) B will sit beside D

Q. H will be sitting between

Solution:
QUESTION: 151

Directions (Q. Nos. 151-200) This section consists of fifty (50)questions. Each question consists of legal propositions/ principles (hereinafter referred to as ‘principle’) and facts. These principles have to be applied in the given facts to arrive at the most reasonable conclusion. Such principles may or may not be true in the real sense, yet you have to conclusively assume them to be true for the purposes of this section. In other words, in answering the following questions, you must not rely on any principles except the principles that are given here in below for every question. Further you must not assume any facts other than those stated in the question. The objective of this section is to test you interest towards study of law, research aptitude and problem solving ability even if the ‘most reasonable conclusion’ arrived at may be unacceptable for any other reason. It is not the objective of this section to test your knowledge of law.

Principle : When an offer is accepted by a person to whom it is made, it becomes a promise. But this promise will become legally binding only when the acceptance of the offer is unconditional.
Facts : Ram makes an offer to sell his house to Shyam for Rs. 50 lakh. Shyam accepts this offer but wants to pay the price of the house in five quarterly instalments. Ram does not agree to it. Thereafter Shyam agrees to pay the price of the house in the way as originally desired by Ram. But Ram does not reply to it. Can Shyam compel Ram to sell his house to him?

Solution:
QUESTION: 152

Principle : Generally an agreement without consideration is not valid. Therefore, in order to make a valid agreement, some consideration which may have some value in the eyes of law, is essentially required.

Facts : William has an old car of which he makes seldom use. He voluntarily enters into an agreement with Smith to sell this car for rupees ten thousand. Thereafter one Anson approaches William and offers to buy that car for rupees 1 lakh as the car was one which Anson has been searching for long. Now, William wants to cancel his agreement with Smith and refuses to deliver the car to him saying that consideration price for the car promised by Smith is negligible and therefore, agreement with him cannot be said to be valid one. 

Solution:
QUESTION: 153

Principle : In order to be eligible to appear in the semester examination, a student is required to attend, under all circumstances, atleast 70% of the total classes held in that semester as per University rules.
Facts : Anand, an economically poor but a very brilliant student of LLB final semester, while going to his university by cycle received some leg injuries in road accident. Consequently Anand could not attend his classes for one week as he was advised rest his doctor for that period. Due to this absence from the university, Anand failed to have 70% attendance essential to appear in the examination and therefore, he was debarred from appearing in the examination by the university authorities. Anand challenges this decision in the court of law.

Solution:
QUESTION: 154

Principle : A seller of goods cannot transfer better rights than he himself possesses in the goods sold to buyer.
Facts : Komal leaves his watch by mistake on a seat in the park. Sonal finds that watch and immediately sells the same for good price to Monal who without inquiring whether Sonal is its owner or not. Komal later on claims that watch from Monal decide whether Komal can succeed.

Solution:
QUESTION: 155

Principle : All citizens shall have the Fundamental Right to carry on any occupation, trade or business. But reasonable restrictions on the exercise of such rights can be imposed by law in the interest of the general public.
Facts : A large number of persons had been carrying on the business of dyeing and printing in Rajkot area for the last 25 yr providing employment to about 30000 families. From these business places untreated dirty water was being discharged on the roads thereby causing damage to the public health. A notice, therefore, was given to close this business till necessary measures to protect public health as provided under the environmental statutes were taken by those businessmen.

Solution:
QUESTION: 156

Principle : A contract cannot be enforced by or against a person who is not a party to it. However, where some benefit is conferred on third party by the contract itself, there third party can allowed to enforce that contract to get such benefit.
Facts : Dinesh is liable to pay Rs. 50000 to Suresh. In order to discharge this liability Dinesh enters into a contract with Ramesh by which Dinesh sells his car to Ramesh for Rs. 1 lakh Ramesh takes the delivery of the car and promises/assures to pay its price at the earliest. Dinesh separately informs Suresh about this contract for his satisfaction. Ramesh fails to pay the car’s price. Suresh wants to join Dinesh in filing suit against Ramesh for the recovery of price of the car. Whether Suresh is entitled to do so?

Solution:
QUESTION: 157

Principle : If a contract is made by post between two persons living in two different cities, then the contract is said to be completed as soon as the letter of acceptance is properly posted and the place of completion of the contract is that city where acceptance is posted. It is worth mentioning here that in every contract there is always an offer from one party and the acceptance of the offer from the other party.

Facts : Sani, a resident of Patna, gives an offer by post to sell his house for Rs. 25 lakh to Hani, a resident of Allahabad. This offer letter is posted on 1st January, 2013 from Patna and reaches Allahabad on 7th January, 2013. Hani accepts this offer and posts the letter of acceptance on 8th January, 2013 from Allahabad which reaches Patna on 16th January, 2013. But Sani presuming that Hani is not interested in accepting his offer, sells his house to Gani at same price on 15th of January, 2013. Hani files a suit against Sani for the breach of contract in the competent court of Allahabad. Whether Hani will succeed?

Solution:
QUESTION: 158

Principle : He, who goes to the court of law to seek justice, must come with clean hands.

Facts : P enters into a contract with S under which S has to construct a house for P and has to complete the same within one year from the date of the contract. This contact includes two very important terms. According to first term, if there is price hike of the materials to be used in the construction, then the escalation charges at a particular rate shall be payable by P to S. According to second term, if the construction of the house is not completed within the period prescribed for it, then S will have to pay penalty at a particular rate to P. Before the completion of the construction work the workers of S go on strike and strike continues up to three months even after the expiry of one year. After that period workers return and the construction work again starts. During the last three months period of strike there was a considerable rise in the price of the building material. S claimed escalation cost from P, P did not agree to it. S filed a suit in the court of law either to order the payment of the price of the building material on the basis of escalated price or to allow him to stop the work without incurring any penal liability towards P.

Solution:
QUESTION: 159

Principle : If the object of an agreement is or becomes lawful or immoral or opposed to public policy in the eyes of law, then the courts will not enforce such agreements. Law generally prohibits child labour.

Facts : P enters into an agreement with T, by which P has to let his house to T for two years and T has to pay Rs. 20000.00 per month to P as rent. T starts a child care centre in that house. But after some time in order to earn some money for the maintenance of the centre, T starts sending the children of the centre on the rotation basis to work for four hour a day in some nearby chemical and hazardous factories. When P comes to know about this new development, he asks T either to stop the children from working in factories or to leave his house immediately. T neither agrees to leave the house nor to stop the children from working in the factories. P files a suit in the court of law of appropriate relief/action. 

Solution:
QUESTION: 160

Principle : Whosoever by his act or omission causes environmental pollution shall be held liable for any loss caused by such pollution. It shall be no defence in such cases that all due diligence or reasonable care was taken while carrying out the act or omission in question.
Facts : Hari is carrying on a chemical and fertilizer industry near a bank of a river. In order to prevent and control any kind of harm to the environment, suitable waste treatment and disposal plants were installed in the factory. Due to some sudden mechanical/ technical problem, these plants ceased to work properly and therefore, caused environmental pollution, which ultimately caused substantial harm to the environment and to the people living around the factory. Victims of such pollution file a suit for suitable remedy.

Solution:
QUESTION: 161

Principle : If a person transfers movable or immovable property with its full ownership and without any consideration to some other person, then it is called a gift.
Facts : S, who has no child of his own, makes a gift of his house worth Rs. 25 lakh to his nephew R. After completing all the legal formalities required for a valid gift, S says to R that in case of need R will provide that house to S for use without any questions. R does not react to it. After one year of this gift, S really needs that house and request R to make the house available to him, but R refuses to do so.

Solution:
QUESTION: 162

Principle : An agreement to do an act impossible in itself cannot be enforced by a court of law.

Facts : Ramesh agrees with his girl friend Shilpa to pluck stars from the sky through his extraordinary will power and bring them down on Earth for her within a week. After the expiry of one week, Shilpa filed a suit for damages against Ramesh, for the breach of contract as Ramesh failed to perform his promise.

Solution:
QUESTION: 163

Principle : An agreement may be oral or written. However, if a law specifically required that an agreement must be in writing, then the agreement must be in writing. A law specifically requires that the agreements relating to transfer of the copyright in novel between an author of a novel and the producer of a motion picture must be in writing.
Facts : The author of a novel, Love at Lost Sight, had several rounds of discussion with a producer of motion picture regarding making of a motion picture based on Love at Lost Sight. During the last discussion, they decided to make a motion picture on Love at Lost Sigh. The producer made a motion picture on Love at Lost Sight after making a payment of Rs. 1000000 (ten Lakh only) in cash to the author, who happily accepted this amount as full and final payment. Later on, on the advice of his lawyer, who author brought a case in a court of law against the producer on the ground that there is no written agreement between the producer and him.

Solution:
QUESTION: 164

Principle : A person is said to be of sound mind for the purpose of making a contract if, at the time, when he makes it, he is capable of understanding it and of forming a rational judgment as to its effect upon his interest.
Facts : X, who is usually of sound mind but occasionally of unsound mind enters into a contract with Y, when he (X) is of unsound mind. Y came to know about his fact afterwards and now wants to file a suit against X.

Solution:
QUESTION: 165

Principle : Whosoever commits any act forbidden by the Indian Penal Code with a view to obtain the consent of any person to enter into an agreement, he cannot get the agreement enforced by law but the person, whose consent has been so obtained may get the agreement enforced by law. The Indian Panel Code defines various offences and prescribes punishments therefor.
Facts : A obtains the consent of B to enter into an agreement by an act amounting to criminal intimidation under the Indian Panel Code. A brings a case against B for performance of agreement ……

Solution:
QUESTION: 166

Principle : A contract between the father and his son is a contract of utmost good faith. In such a type of contract law presumes that at the time of entering into the contract the father was in a position to dominate the will of his son. Where one of the parties was in position to dominate the will of the party, the contract is enforceable only at the option of the party whose will was so dominated.
Facts : Ram had advanced a sum of Rs. 10000 to his minor son Shyam. When Shyam became major, his father Ram misused his parental position and entered into an agreement with Shyam and obtained a bond from him for a sum of Rs. 30000 in respect of the advance. Whether this agreement is enforceable?

Solution:
QUESTION: 167

Principle : When at the desire of one person, any other person has done or abstained from doing something, such act or abstinence or promise is called a consideration for the promise. Only a promise coupled with consideration is enforceable by law.
Facts : X, the uncle of Y, made a promise to pay him an amount of Rs. 10000 as reward, if Y quits smoking and drinking within one year. X also deposited the above mentioned amount in a bank and informed Y that the said amount will be paid to him, if he quits smoking and drinking within one year. Within a period of six months of making the promise X died. After the expiry of one year of making the promise by X, Y made a request to the legal heirs of X demanding the promised money. The legal heirs of X declined the request of Y.

Solution:
QUESTION: 168

Principle : ‘Work’ means literary work, artistic work, dramatic work, musical work, cinematographic film and sound recording but does not include acting in a cinematographic film. Only the works, as enumerated above, can be protected under copyright law.
Facts : A very famous actor acted in a cinematographic film. The actor was also the producer and director of cinematographic film.

Solution:
QUESTION: 169

Principle : In case where the government is a party, the government shall be first owner of the copyright in the work unless there is an agreement to the contrary.
Facts : The Government of the State of X entered into an agreement with a retired professor of Botany. The professor agreed to write a text book on Botany. The government agreed to pay a sum of Rs. 10 lakh to the professor for this work.

Solution:
QUESTION: 170

Principle : Licence is an agreement whereby the owner of the copyright agrees to grant an interest in the copyright to the licences. Assignment is an agreement whereby the owner of the copyright transfers all the property rights to the assignee. Property right is a bundle of rights consisting of right to possess, right to use, right to alienate and the right to exclude others.
Facts : An owner of copyright in a cinematographic film enters into an agreement with B, a film distributor. B agrees to distribute the film only in Mumbai. A also enters into many such agreements with other distributors for distribution of his film in other cities.

Solution:
QUESTION: 171

Principle : Qui facit per alium facit per se, i.e., he who does things through others does it himself.
Facts : Nisha, the owner of a car, asked her friend Saurabh to take her car and drive the same to her office. As the car was near her office, it hit a pedestrian Srikant on account of Saurabh’s negligent driving and injured him seriously. Now, Srikant files a suit for damages against Nisha.

Solution:
QUESTION: 172

Principle : Words describing quality of things cannot be registered as trade mark.
However, such words may be registered as trade mark, if they acquire a secondary meaning. Words acquire secondary meaning when people start associating the descriptive words with a person specific.
Facts : A hatchery located in Raipur is owned by X. X has been using the slogan ‘new laid eggs sold here, since 1970 to describe the quality of eggs sold in his hatchery. Over a period of time because of continuous use of this slogan, people started associating this slogan with X. X filed an application for registration of the words ‘new laid eggs’ as trade mark in the year 1970.

Solution:
QUESTION: 173

Principle : Whoever takes away anything from the land of any person without that person’s consent is said to commit theft. A thing so long as it is attached to the earth is not the subject of theft but it becomes capable of being the subject of theft as soon as it is severed from the Earth.
Facts : Y cuts down a tree standing on the land of X with the intention of dishonestly taking the tree out of X’s possession without the consent of X. But Y is yet to take away the tree out of X’s possession. 

Solution:
QUESTION: 174

Principle : Res ipsa loquiturie i.e., the thing speaks for itself.

Facts : Seema got herself operated for the removal of her uterus in the defendant’s hospital, as there was diagnosed to be a cyst in one of her ovaries. Due the negligence of the surgeon, who performed the operation, abdominal pack was left in her abdomen. The same was removed by a second surgery.

Solution:
QUESTION: 175

Principle : Whoever takes away with him any minor person less than sixteen years of age, if a male or less than eighteen years of age, if a female out of the keeping of parents of such minor person without the consent of such parent, is said to kidnap such minor person.
Facts : A female born on January 01, 1995 got admitted to an undergraduate program of a reputed university on July 01, 2012. She became friendly with one of the boys, born on June 01, 1994, of her class. The boy and the girl decided to marry. The parents of the boy agreed but the family of the girl did not agree. On December 15, 2012 the girl made a call from her Blackberry to the boy. The girl told the boy to come in his car at a particular place and time. The boy reached the stipulated place before the stipulated time. He waited there for about half an hour. The girl reached the stipulated place. She opened the door of the car and sat beside the boy who was on the driving seat. Without exchanging any pleasantries, the boy drove the car to an unknown place. The father of the girl lodged an FIR in the nearest policy on January 20, 2013.