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Test: English Language Test - 1 - Question 1

Directions: In each question below, four sentences each with one  underlined word type are given. These are numbered (A), (B), (C) and (D). One these words printed underlined might either be wrongly spelt or are inappropriate in the context of the sentence. Find out the word that is inappropriate or wrongly spelt, if any. If the words printed underlined are correctly spelt and appropriate in the context of the sentence then mark (E), i.e. 'All Correct', as your answer.

(A) Researchers have generally believed that only towards the very end of the Classic period, increasing droughts would have reduced food supplies, in turn escalating tensions between Maya kingdoms and resulting in violent warfare that is believed to have preacipitated their decline.

(B)Research presented today in the journal Nature Human Behaviour, however, is adding to the evidence that violent, destructive warfare targeting both military and civilian resources (often referred to as total warfare) was taking place even before a changing climate impariled Maya agriculture.

(C)The lake is situated at the bottom of a steep cliff topped by the ruins of the ancient Maya city archaeologists call Witzna, and Wahl believed the sediment on the bottom of the lake might reveal what happened to the people that once thrived there.

(D) Fast-accumulating sediment indicates that forests were cut and land was cleared, causing increased erosion, while corn pollen found in those sediments leave no doubt about the main crop grown in the area. 

Detailed Solution for Test: English Language Test - 1 - Question 1

(A) Researchers have generally believed that only towards the very end of the Classic period, increasing droughts would have reduced food supplies, in turn escalating tensions between Maya kingdoms and resulting in violent warfare that is believed to have precipitated their decline.

(B) Research presented today in the journal Nature Human Behaviour, however, is adding to the evidence that violent, destructive warfare targeting both military and civilian resources (often referred to as total warfare) was taking place even before a changing climate imperiled Maya agriculture.

Test: English Language Test - 1 - Question 2

Directions: In each question below, four sentences each with one  underlined word type are given. These are numbered (A), (B), (C) and (D). One these words printed underlined might either be wrongly spelt or are inappropriate in the context of the sentence. Find out the word that is inappropriate or wrongly spelt, if any. If the words printed underlined are correctly spelt and appropriate in the context of the sentence then mark (E), i.e. 'All Correct', as your answer.

(A) Deep in remote Florida swamps a team of researchers and photographers have made a new discoverythat upends what we thought we knew about the ghost orchid, one of the world™s most iconic flowers, and how it reproduces. 

(B) But now, photographs by Carlton Ward Jr. and Mac Stoneshow that a couple of moth species other than the giant sphinx visit and carry the ghost orchid™s pollen”and the giant sphinx itself may play a compleately different role than previously thought.

(C) Grizzly Creek Filmsin partnership with biographic capture the discovery in this impressive

(D) We look for work that affirms National Geographic's belief in the power of science, exploration, and stortelling to change the world.

Detailed Solution for Test: English Language Test - 1 - Question 2

(B) But now, photographs by Carlton Ward Jr. and Mac Stoneshow that a couple of moth species other than the giant sphinx visit and carry the ghost orchid™s pollen”and the giant sphinx itself may play a completely different role than previously thought.

(D) We look for work that affirms National Geographic's belief in the power of science, exploration, and storytelling to change the world. 

Test: English Language Test - 1 - Question 3

Directions: In each question below, four sentences each with one  underlined word type are given. These are numbered (A), (B), (C) and (D). One these words printed underlined might either be wrongly spelt or are inappropriate in the context of the sentence. Find out the word that is inappropriate or wrongly spelt, if any. If the words printed underlined are correctly spelt and appropriate in the context of the sentence then mark (E), i.e. 'All Correct', as your answer.

(A) As the popularity of hiking vacations grows, scores of walkers have tightened their laces and discovered troumping over trails sparks an instant connection with the land -- a wonder that's hard to replicate from the comfort of a car or tour bus.

(B) Of course, this kind of interaction with nature also provides fantastic exercise, combining sightseeing and workouts into one.

(C) The four-day, 27-mile hike starts outside the tiny town of Ollantaytambo and winds through a number of knee-buckling passes in the Andes Mountains.

(D) Along the way, the trail passes nearly a dozen archaeological sites -- cities, farms, places of worship and lookouts that serve as evidence of the Inca's heyday before the Spanish Inquisition.

Detailed Solution for Test: English Language Test - 1 - Question 3

(A) As the popularity of hiking vacations grows, scores of walkers have tightened their laces and discovered tromping over trails sparks an instant connection with the land -- a wonder that's hard to replicate from the comfort of a car or tour bus.

Test: English Language Test - 1 - Question 4

Directions: Read the given passage carefully and answer the questions that follow.

Any move to increase the strength of the judiciary ought to be welcomed, given the perennial complaint that availability of judges is not increasing in proportion to the institution of cases. In this perspective, the Union Cabinet’s decision to raise the strength of the Supreme Court from 31 to 34, including the Chief Justice of India, will help in dealing with the large pendency — 59,331 cases on July 11. The law that fixes the number of judges in the highest court was last amended in 2009 to raise the figure from 26 to 31. (A) Chief Justice Ranjan Gogoi had written to the Prime Minister recently, (1) highlighting the problem of (2) questions of judges, due to which he was unable to (3) constitute enough Constitution Benches to decide important (4) paucity of law. However, a moot question is whether the highest court should go into the correctness of every decision of every high court. Are the judicial resources available being used optimally? Is valuable time being taken up by mundane matters that do not ______ (B) _______ on larger questions that involve interpretation of laws and constitutional provisions? For instance, routine bail matters land up in the Supreme Court within days of persons being arrested. Every major crime or disaster seems to invite a litigant, ostensibly in public interest, who mentions the matter before the Chief Justice for urgent hearing. The court is being invited to even oversee flood relief work.

A mere increase in the court’s strength may not be enough to liquidate the burgeoning docket. (C) Another set of measures that would save the court’s time, including a reasonable restraint on the duration of oral arguments and a disciplined adherence to a schedule of hearings may be needed. In this case, one of the principal objectives should be to preserve the apex court’s primary role as the ultimate arbiter of constitutional questions and statutory interpretation. All other questions involving a final decision on routine matters, especially civil cases that involve nothing more than the interests of the parties before it, ought to be considered by a mechanism that will not detract from the court’s primary role. Some countries have brought in a clear division at the level of the apex judiciary by having separate constitutional courts, which limit themselves to deciding questions of constitutional importance. It may be worthwhile considering the 229th Report of the Law Commission, suggesting a new system under which there will be one Constitution Bench in Delhi, and four ‘Cassation Benches’ for different regions of the country. These will be final appellate courts for routine (D) litigation. This arrangement may also increase access to justice to those living in far-flung areas of the country and who may otherwise have to come to Delhi and spend more time and money in pursuing appeals. It may also cut down on the time taken for disposal of cases.

Q. Which of the following word given in the options should come at the place marked (B) in the above article to make it grammatically correct and meaningful?

Detailed Solution for Test: English Language Test - 1 - Question 4

Option B) is incorrect; ˜blandish™ means to coax someone by flattery.

Option C) is incorrect; ˜presage™ means prediction.

Option D) is incorrect; ˜parlance™ means jargon.

Test: English Language Test - 1 - Question 5

Directions: Read the given passage carefully and answer the questions that follow.

Any move to increase the strength of the judiciary ought to be welcomed, given the perennial complaint that availability of judges is not increasing in proportion to the institution of cases. In this perspective, the Union Cabinet’s decision to raise the strength of the Supreme Court from 31 to 34, including the Chief Justice of India, will help in dealing with the large pendency — 59,331 cases on July 11. The law that fixes the number of judges in the highest court was last amended in 2009 to raise the figure from 26 to 31. (A) Chief Justice Ranjan Gogoi had written to the Prime Minister recently, (1) highlighting the problem of (2) questions of judges, due to which he was unable to (3) constitute enough Constitution Benches to decide important (4) paucity of law. However, a moot question is whether the highest court should go into the correctness of every decision of every high court. Are the judicial resources available being used optimally? Is valuable time being taken up by mundane matters that do not ______ (B) _______ on larger questions that involve interpretation of laws and constitutional provisions? For instance, routine bail matters land up in the Supreme Court within days of persons being arrested. Every major crime or disaster seems to invite a litigant, ostensibly in public interest, who mentions the matter before the Chief Justice for urgent hearing. The court is being invited to even oversee flood relief work.

A mere increase in the court’s strength may not be enough to liquidate the burgeoning docket. (C) Another set of measures that would save the court’s time, including a reasonable restraint on the duration of oral arguments and a disciplined adherence to a schedule of hearings may be needed. In this case, one of the principal objectives should be to preserve the apex court’s primary role as the ultimate arbiter of constitutional questions and statutory interpretation. All other questions involving a final decision on routine matters, especially civil cases that involve nothing more than the interests of the parties before it, ought to be considered by a mechanism that will not detract from the court’s primary role. Some countries have brought in a clear division at the level of the apex judiciary by having separate constitutional courts, which limit themselves to deciding questions of constitutional importance. It may be worthwhile considering the 229th Report of the Law Commission, suggesting a new system under which there will be one Constitution Bench in Delhi, and four ‘Cassation Benches’ for different regions of the country. These will be final appellate courts for routine (D) litigation. This arrangement may also increase access to justice to those living in far-flung areas of the country and who may otherwise have to come to Delhi and spend more time and money in pursuing appeals. It may also cut down on the time taken for disposal of cases.

Q. What can be a suitable title for the passage?

Detailed Solution for Test: English Language Test - 1 - Question 5

None of the other choices (A) and (B) fit in the context of the passage while Option (C) is unrelated to the passage.

Option (D) is correct; as it rightfully depicts the central idea of the given passage that the author wants to convey.

Test: English Language Test - 1 - Question 6

Directions: Read the given passage carefully and answer the questions that follow.

Any move to increase the strength of the judiciary ought to be welcomed, given the perennial complaint that availability of judges is not increasing in proportion to the institution of cases. In this perspective, the Union Cabinet’s decision to raise the strength of the Supreme Court from 31 to 34, including the Chief Justice of India, will help in dealing with the large pendency — 59,331 cases on July 11. The law that fixes the number of judges in the highest court was last amended in 2009 to raise the figure from 26 to 31. (A) Chief Justice Ranjan Gogoi had written to the Prime Minister recently, (1) highlighting the problem of (2) questions of judges, due to which he was unable to (3) constitute enough Constitution Benches to decide important (4) paucity of law. However, a moot question is whether the highest court should go into the correctness of every decision of every high court. Are the judicial resources available being used optimally? Is valuable time being taken up by mundane matters that do not ______ (B) _______ on larger questions that involve interpretation of laws and constitutional provisions? For instance, routine bail matters land up in the Supreme Court within days of persons being arrested. Every major crime or disaster seems to invite a litigant, ostensibly in public interest, who mentions the matter before the Chief Justice for urgent hearing. The court is being invited to even oversee flood relief work.

A mere increase in the court’s strength may not be enough to liquidate the burgeoning docket. (C) Another set of measures that would save the court’s time, including a reasonable restraint on the duration of oral arguments and a disciplined adherence to a schedule of hearings may be needed. In this case, one of the principal objectives should be to preserve the apex court’s primary role as the ultimate arbiter of constitutional questions and statutory interpretation. All other questions involving a final decision on routine matters, especially civil cases that involve nothing more than the interests of the parties before it, ought to be considered by a mechanism that will not detract from the court’s primary role. Some countries have brought in a clear division at the level of the apex judiciary by having separate constitutional courts, which limit themselves to deciding questions of constitutional importance. It may be worthwhile considering the 229th Report of the Law Commission, suggesting a new system under which there will be one Constitution Bench in Delhi, and four ‘Cassation Benches’ for different regions of the country. These will be final appellate courts for routine (D) litigation. This arrangement may also increase access to justice to those living in far-flung areas of the country and who may otherwise have to come to Delhi and spend more time and money in pursuing appeals. It may also cut down on the time taken for disposal of cases.

Q. The sentence given in (A) has four words given in bold. Amongst the given bold words which of the following must replace each other to make the sentence contextually correct and meaningful.

Detailed Solution for Test: English Language Test - 1 - Question 6

The correct form of the sentence is: Chief Justice Ranjan Gogoi had written to the Prime Minister recently, highlighting the problem of paucity of judges, due to which he was unable to constitute enough Constitution Benches to decide important questions of law.

Test: English Language Test - 1 - Question 7

Directions: Read the given passage carefully and answer the questions that follow.

Any move to increase the strength of the judiciary ought to be welcomed, given the perennial complaint that availability of judges is not increasing in proportion to the institution of cases. In this perspective, the Union Cabinet’s decision to raise the strength of the Supreme Court from 31 to 34, including the Chief Justice of India, will help in dealing with the large pendency — 59,331 cases on July 11. The law that fixes the number of judges in the highest court was last amended in 2009 to raise the figure from 26 to 31. (A) Chief Justice Ranjan Gogoi had written to the Prime Minister recently, (1) highlighting the problem of (2) questions of judges, due to which he was unable to (3) constitute enough Constitution Benches to decide important (4) paucity of law. However, a moot question is whether the highest court should go into the correctness of every decision of every high court. Are the judicial resources available being used optimally? Is valuable time being taken up by mundane matters that do not ______ (B) _______ on larger questions that involve interpretation of laws and constitutional provisions? For instance, routine bail matters land up in the Supreme Court within days of persons being arrested. Every major crime or disaster seems to invite a litigant, ostensibly in public interest, who mentions the matter before the Chief Justice for urgent hearing. The court is being invited to even oversee flood relief work.

A mere increase in the court’s strength may not be enough to liquidate the burgeoning docket. (C) Another set of measures that would save the court’s time, including a reasonable restraint on the duration of oral arguments and a disciplined adherence to a schedule of hearings may be needed. In this case, one of the principal objectives should be to preserve the apex court’s primary role as the ultimate arbiter of constitutional questions and statutory interpretation. All other questions involving a final decision on routine matters, especially civil cases that involve nothing more than the interests of the parties before it, ought to be considered by a mechanism that will not detract from the court’s primary role. Some countries have brought in a clear division at the level of the apex judiciary by having separate constitutional courts, which limit themselves to deciding questions of constitutional importance. It may be worthwhile considering the 229th Report of the Law Commission, suggesting a new system under which there will be one Constitution Bench in Delhi, and four ‘Cassation Benches’ for different regions of the country. These will be final appellate courts for routine (D) litigation. This arrangement may also increase access to justice to those living in far-flung areas of the country and who may otherwise have to come to Delhi and spend more time and money in pursuing appeals. It may also cut down on the time taken for disposal of cases.

Q. In the passage given, a sentence (C) is given in italics. There may or may not be an error in one part of the sentence. Choose the part which has an error in it as your answer. If there is no error then choose option (E) as your answer.

Detailed Solution for Test: English Language Test - 1 - Question 7

The statement is grammatically and contextually correct and meaningful. So no error is there.

Test: English Language Test - 1 - Question 8

Directions: Read the given passage carefully and answer the questions that follow.

Any move to increase the strength of the judiciary ought to be welcomed, given the perennial complaint that availability of judges is not increasing in proportion to the institution of cases. In this perspective, the Union Cabinet’s decision to raise the strength of the Supreme Court from 31 to 34, including the Chief Justice of India, will help in dealing with the large pendency — 59,331 cases on July 11. The law that fixes the number of judges in the highest court was last amended in 2009 to raise the figure from 26 to 31. (A) Chief Justice Ranjan Gogoi had written to the Prime Minister recently, (1) highlighting the problem of (2) questions of judges, due to which he was unable to (3) constitute enough Constitution Benches to decide important (4) paucity of law. However, a moot question is whether the highest court should go into the correctness of every decision of every high court. Are the judicial resources available being used optimally? Is valuable time being taken up by mundane matters that do not ______ (B) _______ on larger questions that involve interpretation of laws and constitutional provisions? For instance, routine bail matters land up in the Supreme Court within days of persons being arrested. Every major crime or disaster seems to invite a litigant, ostensibly in public interest, who mentions the matter before the Chief Justice for urgent hearing. The court is being invited to even oversee flood relief work.

A mere increase in the court’s strength may not be enough to liquidate the burgeoning docket. (C) Another set of measures that would save the court’s time, including a reasonable restraint on the duration of oral arguments and a disciplined adherence to a schedule of hearings may be needed. In this case, one of the principal objectives should be to preserve the apex court’s primary role as the ultimate arbiter of constitutional questions and statutory interpretation. All other questions involving a final decision on routine matters, especially civil cases that involve nothing more than the interests of the parties before it, ought to be considered by a mechanism that will not detract from the court’s primary role. Some countries have brought in a clear division at the level of the apex judiciary by having separate constitutional courts, which limit themselves to deciding questions of constitutional importance. It may be worthwhile considering the 229th Report of the Law Commission, suggesting a new system under which there will be one Constitution Bench in Delhi, and four ‘Cassation Benches’ for different regions of the country. These will be final appellate courts for routine (D) litigation. This arrangement may also increase access to justice to those living in far-flung areas of the country and who may otherwise have to come to Delhi and spend more time and money in pursuing appeals. It may also cut down on the time taken for disposal of cases.

Q. Which of the following replace the word marked (D) to make it contextually correct and meaningful? If no replacement is required, mark option (E).

Detailed Solution for Test: English Language Test - 1 - Question 8

The sentence is grammatically and contextually correct. Hence, no replacement is required.

Test: English Language Test - 1 - Question 9

Directions: Read the given passage carefully and answer the questions that follow.

Two weeks after the International Court of Justice at The Hague ruled in favour of India in the case of Kulbhushan Jadhav, Pakistan has yet to take the first step towards implementing the order: providing him “consular access”. In its verdict on July 17, the ICJ had decided near-unanimously that by not informing India immediately of Mr. Jadhav’s arrest in 2017, by not informing him of his rights, and not allowing the Indian High Commission to meet with him and arrange for his legal representation, Pakistan was in violation of the Vienna convention on consular relations. Although Pakistan’s Foreign Ministry had offered a meeting between Mr. Jadhav and the Indian High Commission in Islamabad on Friday afternoon, the offer came with conditions, including CCTV cameras on proceedings, and a Pakistani official being in the room during the meeting. This was a violation of the (A) unimpeded consular access that the ICJ had ordered, and India decided to reject the offer until Pakistan reconsiders its conditions. India’s concerns are three-fold. First, Pakistan’s delay in granting full consular access displays a non-serious attitude to implementing a clear-cut order from the UN’s highest judicial body. This augurs badly for Pakistan’s application of the rest of the ICJ order that calls for a full review of Mr. Jadhav’s trial conviction and death sentence for terrorism and espionage charges. Most importantly, the nature of the conditions indicates Pakistan wants to monitor what Mr. Jadhav tells Indian officials closely, as much of their original case, as presented to the public, rested on his purported confession. If he shares adverse details of (B) coercion, the court may well go beyond its current order in the case, and India may have a stronger chance of trying to have the trial overturned.

Islamabad must stop dragging its feet and creating unnecessary hurdles in providing what is a basic human right for Mr. Jadhav, and New Delhi needs to keep its rhetoric low, while pressing its case for access to the former naval officer, consistently and firmly. This will not be easy, as after some relative calm, shelling at the Line of Control has opened up with a new fury in the last few days. The allegations by Pakistan that the Indian Army is deploying cluster-munitions on civilian areas (firmly denied by the government), and the Army’s claim that several Pakistani regulars and terrorists were killed in an infiltration attempt by a “Border Action Team” (BAT) have ratcheted up tensions further. The government’s ham-handed reaction to the threats, of cancelling the Amarnath Yatra, pulling out tourists and pilgrims and raising security levels in the valley further, have only added to the narrative. _________ (C) ________ if the situation overshadows the fate of Mr. Jadhav, just when hopes had been raised by the international court verdict to help secure his freedom.

Q. Choose the option which is most similar to the word marked (A) in the passage.

Detailed Solution for Test: English Language Test - 1 - Question 9

Option (A) is correct; ˜untrammeled™ is the suitable synonym of the given word.

Option (B) is incorrect; ˜ambiguous™ means vague.

Option (C) is incorrect; ˜apprehend™ is antonym of the given word.

Option (D) is incorrect; ˜obstructed™ is antonym of the given word.

Test: English Language Test - 1 - Question 10

Directions: Read the given passage carefully and answer the questions that follow.

Two weeks after the International Court of Justice at The Hague ruled in favour of India in the case of Kulbhushan Jadhav, Pakistan has yet to take the first step towards implementing the order: providing him “consular access”. In its verdict on July 17, the ICJ had decided near-unanimously that by not informing India immediately of Mr. Jadhav’s arrest in 2017, by not informing him of his rights, and not allowing the Indian High Commission to meet with him and arrange for his legal representation, Pakistan was in violation of the Vienna convention on consular relations. Although Pakistan’s Foreign Ministry had offered a meeting between Mr. Jadhav and the Indian High Commission in Islamabad on Friday afternoon, the offer came with conditions, including CCTV cameras on proceedings, and a Pakistani official being in the room during the meeting. This was a violation of the (A) unimpeded consular access that the ICJ had ordered, and India decided to reject the offer until Pakistan reconsiders its conditions. India’s concerns are three-fold. First, Pakistan’s delay in granting full consular access displays a non-serious attitude to implementing a clear-cut order from the UN’s highest judicial body. This augurs badly for Pakistan’s application of the rest of the ICJ order that calls for a full review of Mr. Jadhav’s trial conviction and death sentence for terrorism and espionage charges. Most importantly, the nature of the conditions indicates Pakistan wants to monitor what Mr. Jadhav tells Indian officials closely, as much of their original case, as presented to the public, rested on his purported confession. If he shares adverse details of (B) coercion, the court may well go beyond its current order in the case, and India may have a stronger chance of trying to have the trial overturned.

Islamabad must stop dragging its feet and creating unnecessary hurdles in providing what is a basic human right for Mr. Jadhav, and New Delhi needs to keep its rhetoric low, while pressing its case for access to the former naval officer, consistently and firmly. This will not be easy, as after some relative calm, shelling at the Line of Control has opened up with a new fury in the last few days. The allegations by Pakistan that the Indian Army is deploying cluster-munitions on civilian areas (firmly denied by the government), and the Army’s claim that several Pakistani regulars and terrorists were killed in an infiltration attempt by a “Border Action Team” (BAT) have ratcheted up tensions further. The government’s ham-handed reaction to the threats, of cancelling the Amarnath Yatra, pulling out tourists and pilgrims and raising security levels in the valley further, have only added to the narrative. _________ (C) ________ if the situation overshadows the fate of Mr. Jadhav, just when hopes had been raised by the international court verdict to help secure his freedom.

Q. Which of the following is/are correct according to the passage?

(I) Islamabad must stop dragging itself and creating unnecessary problems in providing the basic human right for Mr. Jadhav, and New Delhi needs to keep its rhetoric low, while pressing its case for access to the former naval officer.   

(II) Pakistan has taken the first step towards providing Mr. Kulbhushan Jadhav consular access, in just two weeks after the International Court of Justice at The Hague ruled in favour of India in his case.

(III) In its verdict on July 17, the ICJ had decided near-unanimously that by not informing India immediately of Mr. Jadhav™s arrest in 2017, by not informing him of his rights, and not allowing the Indian High Commission to meet with him and arrange for his legal representation, Pakistan was in violation of the Vienna convention on consular relations.  

Detailed Solution for Test: English Language Test - 1 - Question 10

Statement II is incorrect. Pakistan has yet to take the first step towards providing Mr. Kulbhushan Jadhav consular access, two weeks after the International Court of Justice at The Hague ruled in favour of India in his case.

Test: English Language Test - 1 - Question 11

Directions: Read the given passage carefully and answer the questions that follow.

Two weeks after the International Court of Justice at The Hague ruled in favour of India in the case of Kulbhushan Jadhav, Pakistan has yet to take the first step towards implementing the order: providing him “consular access”. In its verdict on July 17, the ICJ had decided near-unanimously that by not informing India immediately of Mr. Jadhav’s arrest in 2017, by not informing him of his rights, and not allowing the Indian High Commission to meet with him and arrange for his legal representation, Pakistan was in violation of the Vienna convention on consular relations. Although Pakistan’s Foreign Ministry had offered a meeting between Mr. Jadhav and the Indian High Commission in Islamabad on Friday afternoon, the offer came with conditions, including CCTV cameras on proceedings, and a Pakistani official being in the room during the meeting. This was a violation of the (A) unimpeded consular access that the ICJ had ordered, and India decided to reject the offer until Pakistan reconsiders its conditions. India’s concerns are three-fold. First, Pakistan’s delay in granting full consular access displays a non-serious attitude to implementing a clear-cut order from the UN’s highest judicial body. This augurs badly for Pakistan’s application of the rest of the ICJ order that calls for a full review of Mr. Jadhav’s trial conviction and death sentence for terrorism and espionage charges. Most importantly, the nature of the conditions indicates Pakistan wants to monitor what Mr. Jadhav tells Indian officials closely, as much of their original case, as presented to the public, rested on his purported confession. If he shares adverse details of (B) coercion, the court may well go beyond its current order in the case, and India may have a stronger chance of trying to have the trial overturned.

Islamabad must stop dragging its feet and creating unnecessary hurdles in providing what is a basic human right for Mr. Jadhav, and New Delhi needs to keep its rhetoric low, while pressing its case for access to the former naval officer, consistently and firmly. This will not be easy, as after some relative calm, shelling at the Line of Control has opened up with a new fury in the last few days. The allegations by Pakistan that the Indian Army is deploying cluster-munitions on civilian areas (firmly denied by the government), and the Army’s claim that several Pakistani regulars and terrorists were killed in an infiltration attempt by a “Border Action Team” (BAT) have ratcheted up tensions further. The government’s ham-handed reaction to the threats, of cancelling the Amarnath Yatra, pulling out tourists and pilgrims and raising security levels in the valley further, have only added to the narrative. _________ (C) ________ if the situation overshadows the fate of Mr. Jadhav, just when hopes had been raised by the international court verdict to help secure his freedom.

Q. Which of the following phrases should fill the blank in (C) to make it contextually correct and meaningful?

Detailed Solution for Test: English Language Test - 1 - Question 11

Option (A) is correct option; as it fits in the sentence grammatically and contextually.  None of the other statements B, C and D fit in the context of the statement grammatically.

Test: English Language Test - 1 - Question 12

Directions: Read the given passage carefully and answer the questions that follow.

Two weeks after the International Court of Justice at The Hague ruled in favour of India in the case of Kulbhushan Jadhav, Pakistan has yet to take the first step towards implementing the order: providing him “consular access”. In its verdict on July 17, the ICJ had decided near-unanimously that by not informing India immediately of Mr. Jadhav’s arrest in 2017, by not informing him of his rights, and not allowing the Indian High Commission to meet with him and arrange for his legal representation, Pakistan was in violation of the Vienna convention on consular relations. Although Pakistan’s Foreign Ministry had offered a meeting between Mr. Jadhav and the Indian High Commission in Islamabad on Friday afternoon, the offer came with conditions, including CCTV cameras on proceedings, and a Pakistani official being in the room during the meeting. This was a violation of the (A) unimpeded consular access that the ICJ had ordered, and India decided to reject the offer until Pakistan reconsiders its conditions. India’s concerns are three-fold. First, Pakistan’s delay in granting full consular access displays a non-serious attitude to implementing a clear-cut order from the UN’s highest judicial body. This augurs badly for Pakistan’s application of the rest of the ICJ order that calls for a full review of Mr. Jadhav’s trial conviction and death sentence for terrorism and espionage charges. Most importantly, the nature of the conditions indicates Pakistan wants to monitor what Mr. Jadhav tells Indian officials closely, as much of their original case, as presented to the public, rested on his purported confession. If he shares adverse details of (B) coercion, the court may well go beyond its current order in the case, and India may have a stronger chance of trying to have the trial overturned.

Islamabad must stop dragging its feet and creating unnecessary hurdles in providing what is a basic human right for Mr. Jadhav, and New Delhi needs to keep its rhetoric low, while pressing its case for access to the former naval officer, consistently and firmly. This will not be easy, as after some relative calm, shelling at the Line of Control has opened up with a new fury in the last few days. The allegations by Pakistan that the Indian Army is deploying cluster-munitions on civilian areas (firmly denied by the government), and the Army’s claim that several Pakistani regulars and terrorists were killed in an infiltration attempt by a “Border Action Team” (BAT) have ratcheted up tensions further. The government’s ham-handed reaction to the threats, of cancelling the Amarnath Yatra, pulling out tourists and pilgrims and raising security levels in the valley further, have only added to the narrative. _________ (C) ________ if the situation overshadows the fate of Mr. Jadhav, just when hopes had been raised by the international court verdict to help secure his freedom.

Q. Choose the option which is most opposite to the word marked (B) in the passage.

Detailed Solution for Test: English Language Test - 1 - Question 12

Option (A) is incorrect; ˜ferocity™ is synonym of the word.

Option (B) is incorrect; ˜duress™ means compulsion.

Option (C) is incorrect; ˜vehemence™ is synonym of the word.

Option (D) is correct; ˜persuasion™ is the suitable antonym  of the given word.

Test: English Language Test - 1 - Question 13

Directions: Read the given passage carefully and answer the questions that follow.

Two weeks after the International Court of Justice at The Hague ruled in favour of India in the case of Kulbhushan Jadhav, Pakistan has yet to take the first step towards implementing the order: providing him “consular access”. In its verdict on July 17, the ICJ had decided near-unanimously that by not informing India immediately of Mr. Jadhav’s arrest in 2017, by not informing him of his rights, and not allowing the Indian High Commission to meet with him and arrange for his legal representation, Pakistan was in violation of the Vienna convention on consular relations. Although Pakistan’s Foreign Ministry had offered a meeting between Mr. Jadhav and the Indian High Commission in Islamabad on Friday afternoon, the offer came with conditions, including CCTV cameras on proceedings, and a Pakistani official being in the room during the meeting. This was a violation of the (A) unimpeded consular access that the ICJ had ordered, and India decided to reject the offer until Pakistan reconsiders its conditions. India’s concerns are three-fold. First, Pakistan’s delay in granting full consular access displays a non-serious attitude to implementing a clear-cut order from the UN’s highest judicial body. This augurs badly for Pakistan’s application of the rest of the ICJ order that calls for a full review of Mr. Jadhav’s trial conviction and death sentence for terrorism and espionage charges. Most importantly, the nature of the conditions indicates Pakistan wants to monitor what Mr. Jadhav tells Indian officials closely, as much of their original case, as presented to the public, rested on his purported confession. If he shares adverse details of (B) coercion, the court may well go beyond its current order in the case, and India may have a stronger chance of trying to have the trial overturned.

Islamabad must stop dragging its feet and creating unnecessary hurdles in providing what is a basic human right for Mr. Jadhav, and New Delhi needs to keep its rhetoric low, while pressing its case for access to the former naval officer, consistently and firmly. This will not be easy, as after some relative calm, shelling at the Line of Control has opened up with a new fury in the last few days. The allegations by Pakistan that the Indian Army is deploying cluster-munitions on civilian areas (firmly denied by the government), and the Army’s claim that several Pakistani regulars and terrorists were killed in an infiltration attempt by a “Border Action Team” (BAT) have ratcheted up tensions further. The government’s ham-handed reaction to the threats, of cancelling the Amarnath Yatra, pulling out tourists and pilgrims and raising security levels in the valley further, have only added to the narrative. _________ (C) ________ if the situation overshadows the fate of Mr. Jadhav, just when hopes had been raised by the international court verdict to help secure his freedom.

Q. What can be a suitable title for the passage?

Detailed Solution for Test: English Language Test - 1 - Question 13

None of the other choices (A) and (B)  fit in the context of the passage while Option (C) is unrelated to the passage.

Option (D) is correct; as it rightfully depicts the central idea of the given passage that the author wants to convey.

Test: English Language Test - 1 - Question 14

Directions: From the options given below, select the option which states the correct combination of incorrect sentences.

(I) A writ petition filed by NGO We the Citizens challenges the validity of both Article 35A and Article 370.

(II) The Constitution-makers did not intend Article 370 to be a tool to bring permanent amendments, like Article 35A, in the Constitution.

(III) Article 370 was only a ˜temporary provision™ to help bring normality in Jammu and Kashmir and strength democracy in that State, it contends.

(IV) The petition argues that four representatives from Kashmir were part of the Constituent Assembly involved in the drafting of the Constitution and the State of Jammu and Kashmir were never accorded any special status in the Constitution.

Detailed Solution for Test: English Language Test - 1 - Question 14

Statement III is incorrect. ˜Strength™ is a noun, use ˜strengthen™ a verb preceding the noun.

Statement IV is incorrect. For a singular entity, use ˜was™ instead of ˜were™.

Test: English Language Test - 1 - Question 15

Directions: From the options given below, select the option which states the correct combination of incorrect sentences.

(I) The Presidential Order was issued under Article 370 (1) (d) of the Constitution. This provision allows the President to make certain exceptions and modifications to the Constitution at the benefit of ˜State subjects™ of Jammu and Kashmir.

(II) Anand™s sister Rachna Prasad, who is directing and producing the play says, It was challenging to take on this play for Indian audiences after it was staged so many times abroad. We also had to go under a lot of auditions as a lot of actors signed up to be a part of this play.

(III) Article 35A was incorporated into the Constitution in 1954 by an order of the then President Rajendra Prasad on the advice of the Jawaharlal Nehru Cabinet.

(IV) Article 35A is a provision incorporated in the Constitution giving the Jammu and Kashmir Legislature a carte blanche to decide who all are ˜permanent residents™ of the State and confer on them special rights and privileges in public sector jobs, acquisition of property in the State, scholarships and other public aid and welfare.

Detailed Solution for Test: English Language Test - 1 - Question 15

Statement I is incorrect. The correct form of preposition should be ˜for™ instead of ˜at™.

Statement II is incorrect. The correct form of preposition should be ˜through™ instead of ˜under.

Test: English Language Test - 1 - Question 16

Directions: In the following passage, some of the words have been left out, each of which is indicated by a number. Find the suitable word from the options given against each number and fill up the blanks with appropriate words to make the paragraph meaningfully complete.

The Indian National Congress has, in the past, been more inventive because its ideology was (21)____in the heat of the freedom struggle. Pluralism, secularism, tolerance, citizenship, fundamental and minority rights, cosmopolitanism, non-violence and anti-imperialism were thrown up in the course of the movement. On these (22)____ the Congress was able to mobilise vast masses of people against colonialism. Sadly, the party has forgotten its legacy. We need a national party to provide substantive opposition to the government. The Congress flounders, it is (23)____

All is not lost. Moments of crisis can lead to reinvention. The party must reinvent itself, simply because it is synonymous with the history of our freedom struggle, and with (24)____ leaders such as Jawaharlal Nehru. Remember that Nehru’s vision inspired great literature, poetry, films, art, theatre, and architecture. What do we have today except mediocre hagiography? A ruling class which cannot inspire cultural creativity can only rule by (25)____In modern politics, this is counted as a failure.

Q. The Indian National Congress has, in the past, been more inventive because its ideology was (21)____ in the heat of the freedom struggle.

Detailed Solution for Test: English Language Test - 1 - Question 16

In the given sentence, only ˜forged™ make it grammatically as well as contextually correct.

Option (A): is incorrect because ˜exodus™ means a mass departure of people which does not fit here.

Option (B): is incorrect as ˜dissemble™ means conceal which does not make any sense here.

Option (C): is the correct alternative among the following as ˜forged™ means copied fraudulently which fit here both grammatically and contextually.

Option (D): is incorrect as petulant means bad tempered.

Test: English Language Test - 1 - Question 17

Directions: In the following passage, some of the words have been left out, each of which is indicated by a number. Find the suitable word from the options given against each number and fill up the blanks with appropriate words to make the paragraph meaningfully complete.

The Indian National Congress has, in the past, been more inventive because its ideology was (21)____in the heat of the freedom struggle. Pluralism, secularism, tolerance, citizenship, fundamental and minority rights, cosmopolitanism, non-violence and anti-imperialism were thrown up in the course of the movement. On these (22)____ the Congress was able to mobilise vast masses of people against colonialism. Sadly, the party has forgotten its legacy. We need a national party to provide substantive opposition to the government. The Congress flounders, it is (23)____

All is not lost. Moments of crisis can lead to reinvention. The party must reinvent itself, simply because it is synonymous with the history of our freedom struggle, and with (24)____ leaders such as Jawaharlal Nehru. Remember that Nehru’s vision inspired great literature, poetry, films, art, theatre, and architecture. What do we have today except mediocre hagiography? A ruling class which cannot inspire cultural creativity can only rule by (25)____In modern politics, this is counted as a failure.

Q. The Congress flounders, it is (23)____

Detailed Solution for Test: English Language Test - 1 - Question 17

In the given sentence, only ˜rudderless™ make it grammatically as well as contextually correct.

Option (A): is the correct alternative among the following as ˜rudderless™ means lacking a clear sense of one's aims or principles which fit here both grammatically and contextually.

Option (B): is incorrect as ˜acute™ means present or experienced to a severe or intense degree which is contextually wrong.

Option (C): is incorrect as ˜bode™ means portend which is contextually wrong.

Option (D): is incorrect as ˜precarious™ does not fit here.

Test: English Language Test - 1 - Question 18

Directions: In the following passage, some of the words have been left out, each of which is indicated by a number. Find the suitable word from the options given against each number and fill up the blanks with appropriate words to make the paragraph meaningfully complete.

The Indian National Congress has, in the past, been more inventive because its ideology was (21)____in the heat of the freedom struggle. Pluralism, secularism, tolerance, citizenship, fundamental and minority rights, cosmopolitanism, non-violence and anti-imperialism were thrown up in the course of the movement. On these (22)____ the Congress was able to mobilise vast masses of people against colonialism. Sadly, the party has forgotten its legacy. We need a national party to provide substantive opposition to the government. The Congress flounders, it is (23)____

All is not lost. Moments of crisis can lead to reinvention. The party must reinvent itself, simply because it is synonymous with the history of our freedom struggle, and with (24)____ leaders such as Jawaharlal Nehru. Remember that Nehru’s vision inspired great literature, poetry, films, art, theatre, and architecture. What do we have today except mediocre hagiography? A ruling class which cannot inspire cultural creativity can only rule by (25)____In modern politics, this is counted as a failure.

Q. A ruling class which cannot inspire cultural creativity can only rule by (25)____.

Detailed Solution for Test: English Language Test - 1 - Question 18

In the given sentence, only ˜coercion™ makes it grammatically as well as contextually correct.

Option (A): is the correct alternative among the following as ˜coercion™ means the action or practice of persuading someone to do something by using force or threats which fit here both grammatically and contextually.

Option (B): is incorrect as ˜retribution™ does not make any sense here.

Option (C): is incorrect as ˜unadorned™ does not make any sense here.

Option (D): is incorrect as ˜ignominy™ means humiliation which does not fit here contextually.

Test: English Language Test - 1 - Question 19

Directions: In the following passage, some of the words have been left out, each of which is indicated by a number. Find the suitable word from the options given against each number and fill up the blanks with appropriate words to make the paragraph meaningfully complete.

The Indian National Congress has, in the past, been more inventive because its ideology was (21)____in the heat of the freedom struggle. Pluralism, secularism, tolerance, citizenship, fundamental and minority rights, cosmopolitanism, non-violence and anti-imperialism were thrown up in the course of the movement. On these (22)____ the Congress was able to mobilise vast masses of people against colonialism. Sadly, the party has forgotten its legacy. We need a national party to provide substantive opposition to the government. The Congress flounders, it is (23)____

All is not lost. Moments of crisis can lead to reinvention. The party must reinvent itself, simply because it is synonymous with the history of our freedom struggle, and with (24)____ leaders such as Jawaharlal Nehru. Remember that Nehru’s vision inspired great literature, poetry, films, art, theatre, and architecture. What do we have today except mediocre hagiography? A ruling class which cannot inspire cultural creativity can only rule by (25)____In modern politics, this is counted as a failure.

Q. On these (22)____ the Congress was able to mobilise vast masses of people against colonialism.

Detailed Solution for Test: English Language Test - 1 - Question 19

In the given sentence, only ˜planks™ make it grammatically as well as contextually correct.

Option (A): is incorrect because ˜intricate™ means very complicated which does not fit here.

Option (B): is incorrect as ˜downturn™ does not make any sense here.

Option (C): is incorrect as ˜looming™ means about to happen soon and causing worry which does not fit here.

Option (D): is the correct alternative among the following as ˜planks™ fit here both grammatically and contextually.

Test: English Language Test - 1 - Question 20

Directions: In the following passage, some of the words have been left out, each of which is indicated by a number. Find the suitable word from the options given against each number and fill up the blanks with appropriate words to make the paragraph meaningfully complete.

The Indian National Congress has, in the past, been more inventive because its ideology was (21)____in the heat of the freedom struggle. Pluralism, secularism, tolerance, citizenship, fundamental and minority rights, cosmopolitanism, non-violence and anti-imperialism were thrown up in the course of the movement. On these (22)____ the Congress was able to mobilise vast masses of people against colonialism. Sadly, the party has forgotten its legacy. We need a national party to provide substantive opposition to the government. The Congress flounders, it is (23)____

All is not lost. Moments of crisis can lead to reinvention. The party must reinvent itself, simply because it is synonymous with the history of our freedom struggle, and with (24)____ leaders such as Jawaharlal Nehru. Remember that Nehru’s vision inspired great literature, poetry, films, art, theatre, and architecture. What do we have today except mediocre hagiography? A ruling class which cannot inspire cultural creativity can only rule by (25)____In modern politics, this is counted as a failure.

Q. The party must reinvent itself, simply because it is synonymous with the history of our freedom struggle, and with (24)____leaders such as Jawaharlal Nehru.

Detailed Solution for Test: English Language Test - 1 - Question 20

In the given sentence, only ˜enlightened™ make it grammatically as well as contextually correct.

Option (A): is incorrect as ˜bottlenecked™ does not make any sense here.

Option (B): is the correct alternative among the following as ˜enlightened™ fit here both grammatically and contextually.

Option (C): is incorrect as ˜saddled™ means responsibility which does not fit here.

Option (D): is incorrect as ˜ballooned™ does not make any sense here.

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