Test: Reasoning Ability - 4

# Test: Reasoning Ability - 4 - Banking Exams

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## 20 Questions MCQ Test IBPS PO Mock Test Series & Past Year Papers - Test: Reasoning Ability - 4

Test: Reasoning Ability - 4 for Banking Exams 2023 is part of IBPS PO Mock Test Series & Past Year Papers preparation. The Test: Reasoning Ability - 4 questions and answers have been prepared according to the Banking Exams exam syllabus.The Test: Reasoning Ability - 4 MCQs are made for Banking Exams 2023 Exam. Find important definitions, questions, notes, meanings, examples, exercises, MCQs and online tests for Test: Reasoning Ability - 4 below.
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Test: Reasoning Ability - 4 - Question 1

### Directions: Study the following information carefully and answer the questions given below. Eight persons viz. I, J, K, L, M, N, O and P are sitting in a linear row such that some of them are facing north while some of them are facing south. Not more than two adjacent persons face the same direction. All the information is not necessarily in the same order. L sits third from one of the extreme ends and faces south. M sits second to the right of L. J sits two persons away from M and both are facing opposite directions. O sits to the immediate right of J. N sits second to the right of O and both are not facing the same direction. P sits to the immediate right of I and vice versa. K sits second to the left of I who doesn’t sit at any of the corners. Not more than one person sits between K and O. Q. How many persons are facing south?

Detailed Solution for Test: Reasoning Ability - 4 - Question 1

1. L sits third from one of the extreme ends and faces south. M sits second to the right of L. J sits two persons away from M and both are facing opposite directions. O sits to the immediate right of J. Hence, case 1 gets eliminated.

2. N sits second to the right of O and both are not facing the same direction. P sits to the immediate right of I and vice versa. K sits second to the left of I who doesn’t sit at any of the corners. Not more than one person sits between K and O. Hence, case 2a gets eliminated.

Test: Reasoning Ability - 4 - Question 2

### Directions: Study the following information carefully and answer the questions given below. Eight persons viz. I, J, K, L, M, N, O and P are sitting in a linear row such that some of them are facing north while some of them are facing south. Not more than two adjacent persons face the same direction. All the information is not necessarily in the same order. L sits third from one of the extreme ends and faces south. M sits second to the right of L. J sits two persons away from M and both are facing opposite directions. O sits to the immediate right of J. N sits second to the right of O and both are not facing the same direction. P sits to the immediate right of I and vice versa. K sits second to the left of I who doesn’t sit at any of the corners. Not more than one person sits between K and O. Q. Who among the following person sits third to the left of O?

Detailed Solution for Test: Reasoning Ability - 4 - Question 2

1. L sits third from one of the extreme ends and faces south. M sits second to the right of L. J sits two persons away from M and both are facing opposite directions. O sits to the immediate right of J. Hence, case 1 gets eliminated.

2. N sits second to the right of O and both are not facing the same direction. P sits to the immediate right of I and vice versa. K sits second to the left of I who doesn’t sit at any of the corners. Not more than one person sits between K and O. Hence, case 2a gets eliminated.

Test: Reasoning Ability - 4 - Question 3

### Directions: Study the following information carefully and answer the questions given below. Eight persons viz. I, J, K, L, M, N, O and P are sitting in a linear row such that some of them are facing north while some of them are facing south. Not more than two adjacent persons face the same direction. All the information is not necessarily in the same order. L sits third from one of the extreme ends and faces south. M sits second to the right of L. J sits two persons away from M and both are facing opposite directions. O sits to the immediate right of J. N sits second to the right of O and both are not facing the same direction. P sits to the immediate right of I and vice versa. K sits second to the left of I who doesn’t sit at any of the corners. Not more than one person sits between K and O. Q. Who among the following person sits third to the right of the one who sits second to the left of O?

Detailed Solution for Test: Reasoning Ability - 4 - Question 3

1. L sits third from one of the extreme ends and faces south. M sits second to the right of L. J sits two persons away from M and both are facing opposite directions. O sits to the immediate right of J. Hence, case 1 gets eliminated.

2. N sits second to the right of O and both are not facing the same direction. P sits to the immediate right of I and vice versa. K sits second to the left of I who doesn’t sit at any of the corners. Not more than one person sits between K and O. Hence, case 2a gets eliminated.

Test: Reasoning Ability - 4 - Question 4

Directions: Study the following information carefully and answer the questions given below.

Eight persons viz. I, J, K, L, M, N, O and P are sitting in a linear row such that some of them are facing north while some of them are facing south. Not more than two adjacent persons face the same direction. All the information is not necessarily in the same order.

L sits third from one of the extreme ends and faces south. M sits second to the right of L. J sits two persons away from M and both are facing opposite directions. O sits to the immediate right of J. N sits second to the right of O and both are not facing the same direction. P sits to the immediate right of I and vice versa. K sits second to the left of I who doesn’t sit at any of the corners. Not more than one person sits between K and O.

Q. Four of the following five are alike in a certain way and hence form a group. Find the one that doesn’t belong to that group.

Detailed Solution for Test: Reasoning Ability - 4 - Question 4

1. L sits third from one of the extreme ends and faces south. M sits second to the right of L. J sits two persons away from M and both are facing opposite directions. O sits to the immediate right of J. Hence, case 1 gets eliminated.

2. N sits second to the right of O and both are not facing the same direction. P sits to the immediate right of I and vice versa. K sits second to the left of I who doesn’t sit at any of the corners. Not more than one person sits between K and O. Hence, case 2a gets eliminated.

Test: Reasoning Ability - 4 - Question 5

Directions: Study the following information carefully and answer the questions given below.

Eight persons viz. I, J, K, L, M, N, O and P are sitting in a linear row such that some of them are facing north while some of them are facing south. Not more than two adjacent persons face the same direction. All the information is not necessarily in the same order.

L sits third from one of the extreme ends and faces south. M sits second to the right of L. J sits two persons away from M and both are facing opposite directions. O sits to the immediate right of J. N sits second to the right of O and both are not facing the same direction. P sits to the immediate right of I and vice versa. K sits second to the left of I who doesn’t sit at any of the corners. Not more than one person sits between K and O.

Q. How many persons are sitting between I and M?

Detailed Solution for Test: Reasoning Ability - 4 - Question 5

1. L sits third from one of the extreme ends and faces south. M sits second to the right of L. J sits two persons away from M and both are facing opposite directions. O sits to the immediate right of J. Hence, case 1 gets eliminated.

2. N sits second to the right of O and both are not facing the same direction. P sits to the immediate right of I and vice versa. K sits second to the left of I who doesn’t sit at any of the corners. Not more than one person sits between K and O. Hence, case 2a gets eliminated.

Test: Reasoning Ability - 4 - Question 6

How many such pairs of letters are there in the word “CINDERELLA” which have as many letters between them as there are in the English alphabetical series (both forward and backward)?

Detailed Solution for Test: Reasoning Ability - 4 - Question 6

Hence, option B is correct.

Test: Reasoning Ability - 4 - Question 7

Directions: Study the following information carefully and answer the questions given below.

Seven persons viz. J, L, N, T, V, W and X are from the same family with three generations. W is the only daughter of L who is the mother-in-law of J. Both J and W are of same gender. N is the son-in-law of V and father of X. T is the paternal grandfather of X who is the grandson of V. J is not the spouse of X.

Q. If S is the spouse of V, then how is S related to J?

Detailed Solution for Test: Reasoning Ability - 4 - Question 7

Test: Reasoning Ability - 4 - Question 8

Directions: Study the following information carefully and answer the questions given below.

Seven persons viz. J, L, N, T, V, W and X are from the same family with three generations. W is the only daughter of L who is the mother-in-law of J. Both J and W are of same gender. N is the son-in-law of V and father of X. T is the paternal grandfather of X who is the grandson of V. J is not the spouse of X.

Q. How is T related to W?

Detailed Solution for Test: Reasoning Ability - 4 - Question 8

Test: Reasoning Ability - 4 - Question 9

Directions: Study the following information carefully and answer the questions given below.

Seven persons viz. J, L, N, T, V, W and X are from the same family with three generations. W is the only daughter of L who is the mother-in-law of J. Both J and W are of same gender. N is the son-in-law of V and father of X. T is the paternal grandfather of X who is the grandson of V. J is not the spouse of X.

Q. Who among the following person is the mother of X?

Detailed Solution for Test: Reasoning Ability - 4 - Question 9

Test: Reasoning Ability - 4 - Question 10

Directions: In each of the following questions, the relationship between different elements is shown in the statements followed by two conclusions. Find the conclusion which logically follows.

Statements:

F > W = R > S ≥ T; K < G ≤ R > D

Conclusion:

I. S > G

II. F ≥ K

Detailed Solution for Test: Reasoning Ability - 4 - Question 10

F > W = R > S ≥ T; K < G ≤ R > D

I. S > G ⇒ G ≤ R > S ⇒ False

II. F ≥ K ⇒ F > W = R ≥ G > K ⇒ False

Hence, Option D is correct.

Test: Reasoning Ability - 4 - Question 11

Directions: In each of the following questions, the relationship between different elements is shown in the statements followed by two conclusions. Find the conclusion which logically follows.

Statements:

H < X < E < T = R > K; A < F < R = Y

Conclusion:

I. X < Y

II. K > A

Detailed Solution for Test: Reasoning Ability - 4 - Question 11

H < X < E < T = R > K; A < F < R = Y

I. X < Y ⇒ X < E < T = R = Y ⇒ True

II. K > A ⇒ K < R > F > A ⇒ False

Hence, Option A is correct.

Test: Reasoning Ability - 4 - Question 12

Directions: In each of the following questions, the relationship between different elements is shown in the statements followed by two conclusions. Find the conclusion which logically follows.

Statements:

Y < J = E ≤ U < Q; P = J ≥ A ≥ X

Conclusion:

I. X = E

II. J > X

Detailed Solution for Test: Reasoning Ability - 4 - Question 12

Y < J = E ≤ U < Q; P = J ≥ A ≥ X

I. X = E ⇒ E = J ≥ A ≥ X ⇒ False

II. J > X ⇒ E = J ≥ A ≥ X ⇒ False

But on combining both, the conclusion is true. Hence, Option C is correct.

Test: Reasoning Ability - 4 - Question 13

Directions: In each of the following questions, the relationship between different elements is shown in the statements followed by two conclusions. Find the conclusion which logically follows.

Statements:

P > T ≥ F = U < I > E; D < N < U ≤ B

Conclusion:

I. T > D

II. N < I

Detailed Solution for Test: Reasoning Ability - 4 - Question 13

P > T ≥ F = U < I > E; D < N < U ≤ B

I. T > D ⇒ T ≥ F = U > N > D ⇒ True

II. N < I ⇒ N < U < I ⇒ True

Hence, Option E is correct.

Test: Reasoning Ability - 4 - Question 14

Directions: Study the following information carefully and answer the questions given below.

Six persons viz. E, F, G, H, I and J are living in a six storied building. Each of them likes different flavours viz. Blue moon, Caramel, Chocolate, Litchi, Red velvet and Strawberry. The lowermost floor is numbered 1 and the floor immediately above is numbered 2 and so on. Not more than one person lives on the same floor and likes the same flavour. All the information is not necessarily in the same order.

Only three floors are there between J and the one who likes Caramel who lives on a prime numbered floor. The one who likes Blue moon lives on the adjacent floor to J. E lives two floors away from the one who likes Blue moon. H likes Red velvet and lives on an even numbered floor.The one who likes Chocolate lives on floor 3. F lives immediately below the one who likes Strawberry whereas I lives immediately above the one who like Litchi. G doesn’t like Caramel.

Q. Who among the following person likes Litchi?

Detailed Solution for Test: Reasoning Ability - 4 - Question 14

1. Only three floors are there between J and the one who likes Caramel who lives on a prime numbered floor. The one who likes Blue moon lives on the adjacent floor to J.

2. E lives two floors away from the one who likes Blue moon. H likes Red velvet and lives on an even numbered floor.The one who likes Chocolate lives on floor 3.

3. F lives immediately below the one who likes Strawberry whereas I lives immediately above the one who like Litchi. G doesn’t like Caramel. Hence, case 2 gets eliminated.

Test: Reasoning Ability - 4 - Question 15

Directions: Study the following information carefully and answer the questions given below.

Six persons viz. E, F, G, H, I and J are living in a six storied building. Each of them likes different flavours viz. Blue moon, Caramel, Chocolate, Litchi, Red velvet and Strawberry. The lowermost floor is numbered 1 and the floor immediately above is numbered 2 and so on. Not more than one person lives on the same floor and likes the same flavour. All the information is not necessarily in the same order.

Only three floors are there between J and the one who likes Caramel who lives on a prime numbered floor. The one who likes Blue moon lives on the adjacent floor to J. E lives two floors away from the one who likes Blue moon. H likes Red velvet and lives on an even numbered floor.The one who likes Chocolate lives on floor 3. F lives immediately below the one who likes Strawberry whereas I lives immediately above the one who like Litchi. G doesn’t like Caramel.

Q. Which of the following flavour was liked by E?

Detailed Solution for Test: Reasoning Ability - 4 - Question 15

1. Only three floors are there between J and the one who likes Caramel who lives on a prime numbered floor. The one who likes Blue moon lives on the adjacent floor to J.

2. E lives two floors away from the one who likes Blue moon. H likes Red velvet and lives on an even numbered floor.The one who likes Chocolate lives on floor 3.

3. F lives immediately below the one who likes Strawberry whereas I lives immediately above the one who like Litchi. G doesn’t like Caramel. Hence, case 2 gets eliminated.

Test: Reasoning Ability - 4 - Question 16

Directions: Study the following information carefully and answer the questions given below.

Six persons viz. E, F, G, H, I and J are living in a six storied building. Each of them likes different flavours viz. Blue moon, Caramel, Chocolate, Litchi, Red velvet and Strawberry. The lowermost floor is numbered 1 and the floor immediately above is numbered 2 and so on. Not more than one person lives on the same floor and likes the same flavour. All the information is not necessarily in the same order.

Only three floors are there between J and the one who likes Caramel who lives on a prime numbered floor. The one who likes Blue moon lives on the adjacent floor to J. E lives two floors away from the one who likes Blue moon. H likes Red velvet and lives on an even numbered floor.The one who likes Chocolate lives on floor 3. F lives immediately below the one who likes Strawberry whereas I lives immediately above the one who like Litchi. G doesn’t like Caramel.

Q. If E is related to Strawberry and F is related to Caramel in a certain way, then who among the following is related to Blue moon?

Detailed Solution for Test: Reasoning Ability - 4 - Question 16

1. Only three floors are there between J and the one who likes Caramel who lives on a prime numbered floor. The one who likes Blue moon lives on the adjacent floor to J.

2. E lives two floors away from the one who likes Blue moon. H likes Red velvet and lives on an even numbered floor.The one who likes Chocolate lives on floor 3.

3. F lives immediately below the one who likes Strawberry whereas I lives immediately above the one who like Litchi. G doesn’t like Caramel. Hence, case 2 gets eliminated.

Test: Reasoning Ability - 4 - Question 17

Directions: Study the following information carefully and answer the questions given below.

Six persons viz. E, F, G, H, I and J are living in a six storied building. Each of them likes different flavours viz. Blue moon, Caramel, Chocolate, Litchi, Red velvet and Strawberry. The lowermost floor is numbered 1 and the floor immediately above is numbered 2 and so on. Not more than one person lives on the same floor and likes the same flavour. All the information is not necessarily in the same order.

Only three floors are there between J and the one who likes Caramel who lives on a prime numbered floor. The one who likes Blue moon lives on the adjacent floor to J. E lives two floors away from the one who likes Blue moon. H likes Red velvet and lives on an even numbered floor.The one who likes Chocolate lives on floor 3. F lives immediately below the one who likes Strawberry whereas I lives immediately above the one who like Litchi. G doesn’t like Caramel.

Q. In which of the following floor does F live?

Detailed Solution for Test: Reasoning Ability - 4 - Question 17

1. Only three floors are there between J and the one who likes Caramel who lives on a prime numbered floor. The one who likes Blue moon lives on the adjacent floor to J.

2. E lives two floors away from the one who likes Blue moon. H likes Red velvet and lives on an even numbered floor.The one who likes Chocolate lives on floor 3.

3. F lives immediately below the one who likes Strawberry whereas I lives immediately above the one who like Litchi. G doesn’t like Caramel. Hence, case 2 gets eliminated.

Test: Reasoning Ability - 4 - Question 18

Directions: Study the following information carefully and answer the questions given below.

Six persons viz. E, F, G, H, I and J are living in a six storied building. Each of them likes different flavours viz. Blue moon, Caramel, Chocolate, Litchi, Red velvet and Strawberry. The lowermost floor is numbered 1 and the floor immediately above is numbered 2 and so on. Not more than one person lives on the same floor and likes the same flavour. All the information is not necessarily in the same order.

Only three floors are there between J and the one who likes Caramel who lives on a prime numbered floor. The one who likes Blue moon lives on the adjacent floor to J. E lives two floors away from the one who likes Blue moon. H likes Red velvet and lives on an even numbered floor.The one who likes Chocolate lives on floor 3. F lives immediately below the one who likes Strawberry whereas I lives immediately above the one who like Litchi. G doesn’t like Caramel.

Q. Which of the following was true with respect to the final arrangement?

Detailed Solution for Test: Reasoning Ability - 4 - Question 18

1. Only three floors are there between J and the one who likes Caramel who lives on a prime numbered floor. The one who likes Blue moon lives on the adjacent floor to J.

2. E lives two floors away from the one who likes Blue moon. H likes Red velvet and lives on an even numbered floor.The one who likes Chocolate lives on floor 3.

3. F lives immediately below the one who likes Strawberry whereas I lives immediately above the one who like Litchi. G doesn’t like Caramel. Hence, case 2 gets eliminated.

Test: Reasoning Ability - 4 - Question 19

Directions: Study the following information carefully and answer the questions given below.

Nine boxes are placed one above the other on the same stack. Each box is filled with different types of nuts viz. Almond, Brazil nut, Cashew, Chestnut, Hazelnut, Peanut, Pecan, Pistachio and Walnut, but not necessarily in the same order. The lowermost box is numbered 1 and the box immediately above is numbered 2 and so on.

Peanut was placed at box number 6. Hazelnut was placed two boxes away from the box with Peanut.  Only four boxes are placed between the boxes with Hazelnut and Walnut. The number of boxes placed above Walnut is the same as the number of boxes placed below Chestnut.Pecan was placed two boxes above the box with Chestnut. Cashew was placed in a composite numbered box. Pistachio was placed above Brazil nut and below Almond where neither of these three is adjacent to each other.

Q. Which of the following item was placed immediately above Hazelnut?

Detailed Solution for Test: Reasoning Ability - 4 - Question 19

1. Peanut was placed at box number 6. Hazelnut was placed two boxes away from the box with Peanut.

2. Only four boxes are placed between the boxes with Hazelnut and Walnut. The number of boxes placed above Walnut is the same as the number of boxes placed below Chestnut.

3. Pecan was placed two boxes above the box with Chestnut. Cashew was placed in a composite numbered box.

4. Pistachio was placed above Brazil nut and below Almond where neither of these three is adjacent to each other. Hence, case 1 gets eliminated.

Test: Reasoning Ability - 4 - Question 20

Directions: Study the following information carefully and answer the questions given below.

Nine boxes are placed one above the other on the same stack. Each box is filled with different types of nuts viz. Almond, Brazil nut, Cashew, Chestnut, Hazelnut, Peanut, Pecan, Pistachio and Walnut, but not necessarily in the same order. The lowermost box is numbered 1 and the box immediately above is numbered 2 and so on.

Peanut was placed at box number 6. Hazelnut was placed two boxes away from the box with Peanut.  Only four boxes are placed between the boxes with Hazelnut and Walnut. The number of boxes placed above Walnut is the same as the number of boxes placed below Chestnut.Pecan was placed two boxes above the box with Chestnut. Cashew was placed in a composite numbered box. Pistachio was placed above Brazil nut and below Almond where neither of these three is adjacent to each other.

Q. The number of boxes above Almond is the same as the number of boxes below _____.

Detailed Solution for Test: Reasoning Ability - 4 - Question 20

1. Peanut was placed at box number 6. Hazelnut was placed two boxes away from the box with Peanut.

2. Only four boxes are placed between the boxes with Hazelnut and Walnut. The number of boxes placed above Walnut is the same as the number of boxes placed below Chestnut.

3. Pecan was placed two boxes above the box with Chestnut. Cashew was placed in a composite numbered box.

4. Pistachio was placed above Brazil nut and below Almond where neither of these three is adjacent to each other. Hence, case 1 gets eliminated.

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