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RS Aggarwal Test: Real Numbers - 1 - Class 10 MCQ


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10 Questions MCQ Test Mathematics (Maths) Class 10 - RS Aggarwal Test: Real Numbers - 1

RS Aggarwal Test: Real Numbers - 1 for Class 10 2024 is part of Mathematics (Maths) Class 10 preparation. The RS Aggarwal Test: Real Numbers - 1 questions and answers have been prepared according to the Class 10 exam syllabus.The RS Aggarwal Test: Real Numbers - 1 MCQs are made for Class 10 2024 Exam. Find important definitions, questions, notes, meanings, examples, exercises, MCQs and online tests for RS Aggarwal Test: Real Numbers - 1 below.
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RS Aggarwal Test: Real Numbers - 1 - Question 1

√7 is

Detailed Solution for RS Aggarwal Test: Real Numbers - 1 - Question 1

Assume that √7 be a rational number.
i.e. √7 = p/q, where p and q are co prime.
⇒ 7 = p2/q2 
⇒ 7q= p2    ...(1)
⇒ p2 is divisible by 7, i.e. p is divisible by 7
⇒ For any positive integer c, it can be said that p = 7c, p2 = 49c2

Equation (1) can be written as: 7q2 = 49c2
⇒ q2 = 7c2
This gives that q is divisible by 7.

Since p and q have a common factor 7 which is a contradiction to the assumption that they are co-prime.
Therefore, √7 is an irrational number.

RS Aggarwal Test: Real Numbers - 1 - Question 2

How many whole numbers are there between 42 and 62 ?

Detailed Solution for RS Aggarwal Test: Real Numbers - 1 - Question 2

RS Aggarwal Test: Real Numbers - 1 - Question 3

For some integer q, every odd integer is of the form

Detailed Solution for RS Aggarwal Test: Real Numbers - 1 - Question 3

We know those odd integers are 1, 3, 5, ...
So, it can be written in the form of 2q + 1, where, q = integer = Z
⇒ q = ..., -1, 0,1,2,3, ...
2q + 1 = ..., -3, -1, 1, 3,5, ...

Alternate Method
Let 'a' be given positive integer. On dividing 'a' by 2, let q be the quotient and r be the remainder.
By Euclid's division algorithm, we have
a = 2q + r, where 0 ≤ r < 2
⇒ a = 2q + r, where r = 0 or r = 1
⇒ a = 2q or 2q + 1
when a = 2q + 1 for some integer q, then clearly a is odd.

RS Aggarwal Test: Real Numbers - 1 - Question 4

Find the greatest number of 5 digits, that will give us remainder of 5, when divided by 8 and 9 respectively.

Detailed Solution for RS Aggarwal Test: Real Numbers - 1 - Question 4

Greatest 5-Digit number = 99999

LCM of 8 and 9,

8 = 2 × 2 × 2

9 = 3 × 3

LCM = 2 × 2 × 2 × 3 × 3 = 72

Now, dividing 99999 by 72, we get

Quotient = 1388

Remainder = 63

So, the greatest 5-digit number divisible by 8 and 9 = 99999 - 63 = 99936

Required number = 99936 + 5 = 99941

RS Aggarwal Test: Real Numbers - 1 - Question 5

The product of two consecutive integers is divisible by

Detailed Solution for RS Aggarwal Test: Real Numbers - 1 - Question 5

As the case is of 2 consecutive integers, one will be odd and the other one even,
⇒ Their product will always be even i.e. it will always be divisible by an even no., i.e. 2, here.

RS Aggarwal Test: Real Numbers - 1 - Question 6

If two positive integers a and b are written as a = x3y2 and b = xy3, where x, y are prime numbers, then LCM(a, b) is

Detailed Solution for RS Aggarwal Test: Real Numbers - 1 - Question 6

Here, a = x3y2 and b = xy3.
⇒ a = x * x * x * y * y and b = xy * y * y
∴ LCM(a, b) = x * y * y = x3 * y3 = x3y3
LCM = x3y3

RS Aggarwal Test: Real Numbers - 1 - Question 7

n2 - 1 is divisible by 8 if n is

Detailed Solution for RS Aggarwal Test: Real Numbers - 1 - Question 7

Let a = n2 - 1
Here n can be even or odd.

When n is even, i.e., n = 2k, where k is an integer

a = (2k)2 - 1

a = 4k2 - 1.

At k = -1,

a = 4(-1)2 - 1 = 4 - 1 = 3,

which is not divisible by 8.

At k = 0,

a = 4(0)2 - 1 = 0 - 1 = -1,

which is not divisible by 8.

By assuming that n = odd:

When n = odd

n = 2k + 1, where k is an integer,

So we get,

x = 2k + 1

x = (2k + 1)2 - 1

x = 4k2 + 4k + 1 - 1

x = 4k2 + 4k

x = 4k(k + 1)

At k = -1,

x = 4(-1)(-1 + 1) = 0 which is divisible by 8.

At k = 0,

x = 4(0)(0 + 1) = 0 which is divisible by 8 .

At k = 1,

x = 4(1)(1 + 1) = 8 which is divisible by 8.

Therefore, if n is odd, then n2 - 1 is divisible by 8.

RS Aggarwal Test: Real Numbers - 1 - Question 8

If two positive integers p and q can be expressed as p = ab2 and q = a3b; where a, b being prime numbers, then LCM (p, q) is equal to

Detailed Solution for RS Aggarwal Test: Real Numbers - 1 - Question 8

As per question, we have,
p = ab2 = a × b × b
q = a3b = a × a × a × b
So, their Least Common Multiple (LCM) = a3 × b2

RS Aggarwal Test: Real Numbers - 1 - Question 9

The least perfect square number which is divisible by 3, 4, 5, 6 and 8 is

Detailed Solution for RS Aggarwal Test: Real Numbers - 1 - Question 9

L.C.M. of 3, 4, 5, 6, 8 = 2 × 2 × 2 × 3 × 5 = 120 
Pair of 2, 3 and 5 is not completed.
To make it a perfect square, the number should be multiplied by 2, 3, 5.

Required number = 120 x 2 x 3 x 5 = 3600.

RS Aggarwal Test: Real Numbers - 1 - Question 10

The ratio between the LCM and HCF of 5,15, 20 is:

Detailed Solution for RS Aggarwal Test: Real Numbers - 1 - Question 10

Factors are following:
5 = 5 x 1
15 = 5 x 3
20 = 2 x 2 x 5

LCM = 5 x 3 x 2 x 2 = 60
HCF = 5
Ratio = LCM/HCF = 60/5 = 12/1 = 12:1

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