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CAT Mock Test- 19

100 Questions MCQ Test CAT Mock Test Series | CAT Mock Test- 19

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This mock test of CAT Mock Test- 19 for CAT helps you for every CAT entrance exam. This contains 100 Multiple Choice Questions for CAT CAT Mock Test- 19 (mcq) to study with solutions a complete question bank. The solved questions answers in this CAT Mock Test- 19 quiz give you a good mix of easy questions and tough questions. CAT students definitely take this CAT Mock Test- 19 exercise for a better result in the exam. You can find other CAT Mock Test- 19 extra questions, long questions & short questions for CAT on EduRev as well by searching above.
QUESTION: 1

If the ages of P and R are added to twice the age of Q, the total becomes 59. If the ages Q and R are added to thrice the age of P, the total become 68. And, if the age of P is added to thrice the age of Q and twice the age of R, the total becomes 91. What is the age of P?

Solution:

Let the ages of P, Q and R be x, y and z years respectively.
Then x + 2y + z = 59 .....(1)
3x + y + z = 68 .....(2)
x + 3y + 2z = 91 .....(3)
Solving these equations, we get x = 12
Hence age of P is 12 years.

QUESTION: 2

If 2x + 3x + z = 25, x + y + z = 14 and x + y = z. Then what is the value of x?

Solution:

Given, x + y = z.
x + y + z = 14
z + z = 14
2z = 14
z = 7
2x + 3x + z = 25
5x + 7 = 25
5x = 18
x = 18/5

QUESTION: 3

Which one of the following conditions must p, q and r satisfy so that the following system of linear simultaneous equations has at least one solution, such that p + q + r ≠ 0 x + 2y - 3z = p  2x + 6y - 11z = q  x - 2y + 7z = r

Solution:

It is given that p + q + r ≠ 0
Multiply the first equation by 5, second by -2 and third by -1, the coefficients of x, y and z all add up to zero.
5x + 10y - 15z = 5p
-4x - 12y + 22z = -2q
-x + 2y - 7z = -r
5p - 2q - r = 0

QUESTION: 4

In the given questions two equations numbered I and II are given. You have to solve both the equations and give answer.

I. 2x2 - 7x + 3 = 0
II. 2y2 - 7y + 6 = 0

Solution:

I. 2x2 - 7x + 3 = 0
⇒ 2x2 - 6x - x + 3 = 0
⇒ 2x (x - 3) - 1 (x - 3) = 0
⇒ (2x - 1) (x - 3) = 0
⇒ x = 1212 or 3
II. 2y2 - 7y + 6 = 0
⇒ 2y2 - 4y - 3y + 6 = 0
⇒ 2y (y - 2) - 3 (y - 2) = 0
⇒ (y - 2) (2y - 3) = 0
⇒ y = 2 or 3/2

QUESTION: 5

I. 4x2 + 16x + 15 = 0
II. 2y2 + 3y + 1 = 0

Solution:

I. 4x2 + 16x + 15 = 0
⇒ 4x2 + 10x + 6x + 15 = 0
⇒ 2x (2x + 5) + 3 (2x + 5) = 0
⇒ (2x + 3) (2x + 5) = 0

II. 2y2 + 3y + 1 = 0
⇒ 2y2 + 2y + y + 1 = 0
⇒ 2y (y + 1) + 1 (y + 1) = 0
⇒ (y + 1) (2y + 1) = 0

QUESTION: 6

A rectangular sheet of paper, when halved by folding it at the mid point of its longer side, results in a rectangle whose longer and shorter sides are in the same proportion as the longer and shorter sides of the original rectangle. If the shorter side of the original rectangle is 2, what is the area of the smaller rectangle ?

Solution:
QUESTION: 7

Consider two different cloth-cutting processes. In the first one, n circular cloth pieces are cut from a square cloth piece of side a in the following steps : the original square of side is divided into n smaller squares, not necessarily of the same size; then a circle of maximum possible area is cut from each of the smaller squares. In the second process, only one circle of maximum possible area is cut from the square of side a and the process ends there. The cloth pieces remaining after cutting the circles are scrapped in both the processes. The ratio of the total area of scrap cloth generated in the former to that in the latter is

Solution:

The area of total scrap in second process of cutting the cloth = a2 - π (a/2)2 =

Now by the First process of cutting the cloth:
Let us divide the big square in four equal squares of side a/2. Then the area of total scrap

So required ratio = 1:1
Again divide the big square in 7 small square as
Show in figure

Now total area of scrap

So required ratio = 1:1

QUESTION: 8

The average of five continuous even numbers is 26. The quarter of the sum of highest and lowest number is .....

Solution:

Let the numbers be x, x + 2, x + 4, x + 6, x + 8

lowest no = 22
highest no = 22 + 8 = 30

quarter of sum of highest and lowest no is

QUESTION: 9

If

then  8 x 2 is?

Solution:

8×2

= 8+2+8/2

= 10+4

=14

QUESTION: 10

In the given figure, AB is diameter of the circle and points C and D are on the circumference such that ∠CAD = 30°and ∠CBA = 70°. What is the measure of ∠ACD?

Solution:

According to theorem the angle subtended by a diameter on the circumference of a circle is 90°

∠ACB = 90°

Angle subtended by chord AC on major segment = ∠ABC = 70°

Angle subtended on minor segment = 180–70 = 110° = ∠ADC

As sum of angles of triangle ADC = 180°

∠ACD = 180–30–110 = 40°

QUESTION: 11

What is the distance in cm between two parallel chords of lengths 32 cm and 24 cm in a circle of radius 20 cm ?

Solution:

For either right triangle OPA or OPB:
c² = a² + b²
(length of hypotenuse OA or OB)² = (length of OP)² + (length of AP or BP)²
(20 cm)² = (h₁)² + (16 cm)²
400 cm² = (h₁)² + 256 cm²
400 cm² ‒ 256 cm² = (h₁)² + 256 cm² ‒ 256 cm²
144 cm² = (h₁)²
(h₁)² = 144 cm² since equality is symmetric, i.e., if a = b, then b = a.
Now, taking the square root of both sides, we have:
h₁= ±√(144) cm
h₁= ±12 cm. Since we physically can’t have a negative distance, then:
h₁ = 12 cm.
Now, finding distance h₂ and then distance d:
For either right triangle OQC or OQD:
c² = a² + b²
(length of hypotenuse OC or OD)² = (length of OQ)² + (length of CQ or DQ)²
(20 cm)² = (h₂)² + (12 cm)²
400 cm² = (h₂)² + 144 cm²
400 cm² ‒ 144 cm² = (h₂)² + 144 cm² ‒ 144 cm²
256 cm² = (h₂)²
(h₂)² = 256 cm² since equality is symmetric, i.e., if a = b, then b = a.
Now, taking the square root of both sides, we have:
h₂= ±√(256) cm
h₂= ±16 cm. Since we physically can’t have a negative distance, then:
h₂ = 16 cm.
Lastly, finding the desired distance “d” between parallel chords AB and CD:
d = h₁ + h₂
= 12 cm + 16 cm
d = 28 cm

QUESTION: 12

If xxyxy2 are the sides of a triangle, where x and y are real numbers and y≥1y≥1, then which of the following is the value that y cannot take?

Solution:
QUESTION: 13

A man invests Rs. 3000 at the rate of 5% per annum. How much more should he invest at the rate of 8%, so that he can earn a total of 6% per annum?

Solution:

Present rate of interest = 5% (Cheaper quantity)
New rate of interest = 8% (Dearer Quantity)
Mean rate of interest = 6%
Ratio of Dearer Value : Cheaper Value = m-c : d-m = 6-5 : 8-6 = 1 : 2
Dearer Value = Rs.3000/2 = Rs.1500

QUESTION: 14

The real number x when added to its inverse gives the minimum value of the sum at x equal to

Solution:

QUESTION: 15

A zookeeper counted the heads of the animals in a zoo and found it to be 80. When he counted the legs of the animals he found it to be 260. If the zoo had either pigeons or horses, how many horses were there in the zoo?

Solution:

Let the number of horses = x
Then the number of pigeons = 80 – x
Each pigeon has 2 legs and each horse has 4 legs
Therefore, total number of legs = 4x + 2(80 − x) = 260
⇒ 4x + 160 – 2x = 260
⇒ 2x = 100
⇒ x = 50

QUESTION: 16

There are 50 integers a1, a2,....,a50, not all of them neccessarily different. Let the greatest integer of these 50 integers be referred to as G, and the smallest integer be referred to as L. The integers a1 through a24form sequence S1, and the rest form sequence S2. Each member of S1 is less than or equal to each member of S2.

Q. All values in S1 are changed in sign, while those in S2 remain unchanged. Which of the following statements is true ?

Solution:

sequence 1= {a1,a2 ,,, ......................... , a24} where a1<a2<a3<....................... <a24
sequence2 ={a25,a26,.......................... ,a50} where a25>a26>.....................>a50
and by given condition that each element of seq1 should be less than equal to seq2 element.
so smallest element of sequence 2 (which is a50) should be greater than equal to largest element of sequence 1(which is a24)
so,possible sequences :
SEQ 1                                                        SEQ 2
1,2,3,............................ 24                49, 48,47,....................................., 24

QUESTION: 17

There are 50 integers a1, a2,....,a50, not all of them neccessarily different. Let the greatest integer of these 50 integers be referred to as G, and the smallest integer be referred to as L. The integers a1 through a24form sequence S1, and the rest form sequence S2. Each member of S1 is less than or equal to each member of S2.

Q. Elements of S1 are in ascending order, and those of S2 are in descending order. a24 and a25 are interchanged then which of the following statements is true ?

Solution:

sequence 1= {a1,a2 ,,, ......................... , a24} where a1<a2<a3<....................... <a24
sequence2 ={a25,a26,.......................... ,a50} where a25>a26>.....................>a50
and by given condition that each element of seq1 should be less than equal to seq2 element.
so smallest element of sequence 2 (which is a50) should be greater than equal to largest element of sequence 1(which is a24)
so,possible sequences :

SEQ 1                                                        SEQ 2
1,2,3,............................ 24                49, 48,47,....................................., 24
OR
1,2,3,.............................24               50,49,48,........................................,25
so if we exchange a24 and a25 seq 1 will be in ascending mode . but seq 2 will not be in descending order .

QUESTION: 18

There are 50 integers a1, a2,....,a50, not all of them neccessarily different. Let the greatest integer of these 50 integers be referred to as G, and the smallest integer be referred to as L. The integers a1 through a24form sequence S1, and the rest form sequence S2. Each member of S1 is less than or equal to each member of S2.

Q. Every element of S1 is made greater than or equal to every element of S2 by adding to each element of S1 a integer x. Then, x cannot be less than :

Solution:
QUESTION: 19

It is given that 5% increase in X always means 3% increase in Y and 5% increase in Y always impliies 2.5% increase in Z.

Q. Relationship between X and Z could be

Solution:
QUESTION: 20

The maximum value of 3cosθ + 4sinθ is

Solution:

The maximum value of 3cosθ + 4sinθ
= [32 + 42]1/2
= (25)1/2
​= 5

QUESTION: 21

There are three boxes, each of which has an equal number of red, blue as well as green balls in it. Now an equal number of balls are drawn from each box. What is the minimum number of balls that have to be drawn from each box to ensure that at least three similarly colored balls are obtained ?

Solution:
QUESTION: 22

In a room there are 7 persons. The chance that two of them were born on the same day of the week is

Solution:
QUESTION: 23

A merchant buys two articles for Rs.600. He sells one of them at a profit of 22% and the other at a loss of 8% and makes no profit or loss in the end. What is the selling price of the article that he sold at a loss?

Solution:

Let C1 be the cost price of the first article and C2 be the cost price of the second article
Let the first article be sold at a profit of 22%, while the second one be sold at a loss of 8%
We know, C1 + C2 = 600
The first article was sold at a profit of 22% = C1 + (22/100) C1 = 1.22C1
The second article was sold at a loss of 8%
Therefore, the selling price of the second article = C2 - (8/100)C2 = 0.92C2
The total selling price of the first and second article = 1.22C1 + 0.92C2
As the merchant did not make any profit or loss in the entire transaction, his combined selling price of article 1 and 2 is the same as the cost price of article 1 and 2
Therefore, 1.22C1 + 0.92C2 = C1 + C2 = 600
As C1 + C2 = 600, C2 = 600 - C1. Substituting this in 1.22C1 + 0.92C2 = 600, we get
1.22C1 + 0.92(600 - C1) = 600
or 1.22C1 - 0.92C1 = 600 - 0.92 × 600
or 0.3C1 = 0.08 × 600 = 48

or C1 = 48/(0.3) = 160

If C1 = 160, then C2 = 600 - 160 = 440
The item that is sold at loss is article 2
The selling price of article 2 = 0.92 × C2 = 0.92 × 440 = 404.80

QUESTION: 24

For all 'x', x²+2ax+(10-3a)>0, then the interval in which 'a' lies is

Solution:

x = - B +- (√(B2 - 4.A.C)/2A)
Since x is Real, thus, B2 - 4AC i.e the term under sqrt, must be >0
comparing the equation you gave with the original Ax2+Bx+C = 0, we get A = 1, B = 2a, C = (10 - 3a).
So, (2a)2 - 4.1.(10-3a) >0
simplifying we get,
(a+5)(a-2)>0
-5 < a < 2

QUESTION: 25

In a kilometre race, A can give B a start of 100 m or 15 seconds. How long does A take to complete the race?

Solution:

Suppose , A completes the race in X Seconds, B completes in Y seconds & Race has 1000 m track.

If A can give B a start of 100m & still win,

X-(900/1000)*Y<=0

hence, X<=0.9Y

If A can give B a start of 15 Seconds & still win,

X-(Y-15)<0

hence, X<= Y-15

0.9Y= Y-15

0.1Y=15

Y=150 Seconds

X=135 Seconds

QUESTION: 26

Sweta, Swarna, Sneha and Soumya and four sisters who have an agreements that they share all snaks among themselves. One day, uncle Prem gave a box of cookies of Sweta. Since the other sisters were not around. Swetha divided the cookies into four parts, ate her share and put the rest into the box. As she was closing the box. Swarna came in. She took all the cookies from the box and divided them into four equal parts. Sweta and Swarna ate one part each and put the rest in the box. Just then, Sneha walked in. She took all the cookies from the box, divided them into four equal parts. The three of them ate their respective shares and put the rest into the box. Later, when Soumya came, she divided all the cookies into four equal parts and all four sisters are their respectives shares. In total, Soumya ate 3 cookies.

Q. How many cookies, in total, did Sneha eat?

Solution:
QUESTION: 27

What is the sum of 'n' terms in the series : log m + log(m2/n) + log(m3/n2) + log(m4/n3) + ....

Solution:

QUESTION: 28

Sin (2 cos⁻¹ (3/5)) =

Solution:

sin[2cos-1(3/5)]
= 2sin(cos-1(3/5)cos(cos-1(3/5)
= 2(3/5)[1-(3/5)2]1/2
= 6/4*4/5
= 24/25

QUESTION: 29

Ram and Shyam attempted to solve a quadratic equation. Ram made a mistake in writing down the constant term. He ended up with the roots (4, 3). Shyam made a mistake in writing down the coefficient of x. He got the root as (3, 2). What will be the exact roots of the original quadratic equation?

Solution:
QUESTION: 30

Two friends, Sachin and Sourav, with speeds of 20m/s and 15m/s respectively are chasing a thief who is running away from them with the speed of 10m/s. After sometime Sachin observed that Sourav has been left behind so he reduced his speed to 15m/s and at the same instant Sourav increased his speed to 20m/s. If, after two minutes of this, both of them caught thief, then find the initial distance between them and the thief. It is given that they started chasing from the same point at the same time.

Solution:
QUESTION: 31

Reena earns Rs.8.50 per hour on days other than Sundays and twice that rate on Sundays. Last week she worked a total of 40 hours, including 8 hours on Sunday. What were her earnings for the week?

Solution:
QUESTION: 32

[(1+cosθ)/sinθ]=

Solution:
QUESTION: 33

What is the measure of the circum radius of a triangle whose sides are 9, 40 and 41?

Solution:
QUESTION: 34

There are three vessels in the shape of a cuboid, a circular cylinder and a conical frustum with the same height of 7 units. The other two sides of the cuboid are 11 units and 12 units. The radius of the cylinder is 6 units. The radii of two faces of the frustum are 3 units and 6 units. The cuboid is completely filled with water. The water is poured into the cylinder until it is completely filled. Then water from the cylinder is poured into the frustum until it is completely filled and then water from the frustum is emptied back into the cuboid. Find the ratio of the water in the cuboid to the total volume of the cuboid.

Solution:

The volume of the cylinder is
(22/7*6*6) = 792
cubic units and the volume of the frustum is
22/7 * 7/3 [62 *32 + 18] = 462 cubic units.
Now, when the water from the cuboid is poured into
the cylinder, 924 - 792 i.e., 132 cubic units of water is
left in the cuboid.
Now, the water from the cylinder is poured into the
frustum until it is completely filled.
Thus, the frustum has 462 cubic units of water.
Now, water in the frustum is emptied into the
cuboid.
Thus, the cuboid has 462/132 i.e., 594 cubic units
of water.
Thus, the required ratio is 594/924
= 9/14

QUESTION: 35

A company launches eight products - Q, R, S, T, V, W, Y and Z - in one of the four metros of India. The products were launched one after the other over a period of six months in 2007. The order in which the products were launched is consistent with the following conditions:
• V is launched before both Y and Q.
• Q gets launched after Z.
• T gets launched before V but after R.
• S gets launched after V.
• R gets launched before W.

Q. Which one of the following could be true?

Solution:

On the basis of the information, we have some hints
R > W, R > T > V > S, V > Y/Q and Z > Q
Y is launched after R, T and V
R is launched before W, T, V, S, Y and Q but not about Z
So R is the either 1st or 2nd product to be launched
Q is launched after R, T, V and Z

QUESTION: 36

A company launches eight products - Q, R, S, T, V, W, Y and Z - in one of the four metros of India. The products were launched one after the other over a period of six months in 2007. The order in which the products were launched is consistent with the following conditions:
• V is launched before both Y and Q.
• Q gets launched after Z.
• T gets launched before V but after R.
• S gets launched after V.
• R gets launched before W.

Q. If Z is the seventh product to be launched, then which one of the following could be true?

Solution:

R > W, R > T > V > S, V > Y/Q and Z > Q
⇒ If Z is the 7th product to be launched than Q will be the 8th product
T is launched after R but before V, S, Y, Z and Q but not about W
So the position of T can be either 2nd or 3rd
Z is 7th term than R will be 1st
V can vary from 3rd to 5th
W is launched after R
So W can wary from 2nd to 8th

QUESTION: 37

A company launches eight products - Q, R, S, T, V, W, Y and Z - in one of the four metros of India. The products were launched one after the other over a period of six months in 2007. The order in which the products were launched is consistent with the following conditions:
• V is launched before both Y and Q.
• Q gets launched after Z.
• T gets launched before V but after R.
• S gets launched after V.
• R gets launched before W.

Q. If Q is the fifth product to be launched, then each of the following could be true EXCEPT:

Solution:

R > W, R > T > V > S, V > Y/Q and Z > Q
⇒ If Q is the 5th product to launched than the launching sequence will be:
R > T > V > Z > Q
Where, Z can vary from 1st to 4th

QUESTION: 38

A company launches eight products - Q, R, S, T, V, W, Y and Z - in one of the four metros of India. The products were launched one after the other over a period of six months in 2007. The order in which the products were launched is consistent with the following conditions:
• V is launched before both Y and Q.
• Q gets launched after Z.
• T gets launched before V but after R.
• S gets launched after V.
• R gets launched before W.

Q. If R is the second product to be launched, which one of the following MUST be true?

Solution:

R > W, R > T > V > S, V > Y/Q and Z > Q
⇒ If R is the 2nd product to launched than the launching order will be
Z > R > W > T > V > S/Y/Q
Where, W can vary from 3rd to 8th

QUESTION: 39

A company launches eight products - Q, R, S, T, V, W, Y and Z - in one of the four metros of India. The products were launched one after the other over a period of six months in 2007. The order in which the products were launched is consistent with the following conditions:
• V is launched before both Y and Q.
• Q gets launched after Z.
• T gets launched before V but after R.
• S gets launched after V.
• R gets launched before W.

Q. If V gets launched before Z does, then which one of the following COULD be true?

Solution:

If V gets launched before Z does than the launches order will be:
R > W > T > S/Y/Z/Q
Where, W can vary from 2nd to 8th

QUESTION: 40

Study the following graph carefully and answer the questions given below it.

Q. What is the difference between avearge production of the six companies in 1995 and average production of the same companies in 1994 ?

Solution:
QUESTION: 41

Study the following graph carefully and answer the questions given below it.

Q. What is the percentage decline in production by Company C from 1995 to 1996 ?

Solution:
QUESTION: 42

Study the following graph carefully and answer the questions given below it.

Q. Which of the following companies recorded the minimum percentage growth from 1994 to 1995 ?

Solution:
QUESTION: 43

Given question below consists of a question and two statements numbered I and II. You have to decide whether the data provided in the statements are sufficient to answer the question.
In which month of the year was Mohan born?
Statements:
I. Mohan was born in winter.
II. Mohan was born exactly fourteen months after his elder sister who was born in October.

Solution:

Statement II is alone to answer the question
∵ 14 months after October is December (Mohan's Birth Month)

QUESTION: 44

Who among Siddhartha, Nikunj, Vipul and Mukul is the youngest ?
I. Vipul is younger than Mukul but older than Siddhartha and Nikunj.
II. Mukul is the oldest.
III. Siddhartha is older than Nikunj.
The question given above has a problem and three statements giving certain information. you have to decide if the information given in the statements is sufficient for answering the problem.

Solution:
QUESTION: 45

Each of the questions given below consists of a question and two statements numbered I and II given below it. You have to decide whether the data provided in the statements are sufficient to answer the questions.
Who among Q, T, R, S and M is the shortest?
Statements:
I. R and Q are taller than T.
II. S is not the shortest.

Solution:
QUESTION: 46

Each question below consists of two statements numbered I and II . You have to decide whether the data provided in the statements are sufficient to answer the questions.
Give answer (1) if the statement I alone is sufficient to answer the question, but the statement II alone is not sufficient.
Give answer (2) if the statement II alone is sufficient to answer the question, but the statement I alone is not sufficient.
Give answer (3) if the data either in statement I alone or in statement II alone are sufficient to answer the question.
Give answer (4) if you cannot get the answer from the statement I and II together, but need even more data.

Q. What is the length of a running train?
I. The train crosses a man in 9 seconds.
II. The train crosses a 240 metre long platform in 20 seconds.

Solution:
QUESTION: 47

Each question below consists of two statements numbered I and II . You have to decide whether the data provided in the statements are sufficient to answer the questions.
Give answer (1) if the statement I alone is sufficient to answer the question, but the statement II alone is not sufficient.
Give answer (2) if the statement II alone is sufficient to answer the question, but the statement I alone is not sufficient.
Give answer (3) if the data either in statement I alone or in statement II alone are sufficient to answer the question.
Give answer (4) if you cannot get the answer from the statement I and II together, but need even more data.

Q. Divya is twice as old as Shruti. What is the difference in the their ages?
I. Five years hence, the ratio of their ages would be 9:5.
II. Ten years back, the ratio of their ages was 3:1

Solution:
QUESTION: 48

Percent profit earned by two Companies A and B over the years.
Profit = Income - Expenditure

Q. If the income of Company 'A' in 2004 was Rs. 1,42,500 what was its expenditure in that year ?

Solution:

Let the expenditure of Company A = Rs x

QUESTION: 49

Percent profit earned by two Companies A and B over the years.
Profit = Income - Expenditure

Q. Expenditure of Company 'B' in 2005 was 90% of its expenditure in 2004. Income of Company 'B' in 2005 was what percent of its income in 2004 ?

Solution:

Let the expenditure of Company B is 2004 = Rs 100

or, I1 = 100 + 35 = Rs 135

Now, expenditure in 2005 = Rs 90

or, 405 = 10l2 - 900

∴ Required percent

QUESTION: 50

Percent profit earned by two Companies A and B over the years.
Profit = Income - Expenditure

Q. If the expenditure of Company 'A' in 2003 was Rs.70 lakhs and income of Company A in 2003 was equal to its expenditure in 2004. What was the total income (in lakh Rs.) of the Company 'A' in 2003 and 2004 together ?

Solution:

Expenditure of company A = Rs 70 lakh
Income of company A in 2003

Expenditure of company A in 2004 = Rs 87.5 lakh
Income of company A in 2004

= Rs 131.25 lakh
∴ Required total
= Rs (87.5 + 131.25) lakh
= Rs 218.75 lakh

QUESTION: 51

Percent profit earned by two Companies A and B over the years.
Profit = Income - Expenditure

Q. Expenditure of Company 'B' in years 2002 and 2003 were in teh ratio of 5 : 7 respectively . What was the respective ratio of their incomes ?

Solution:

Let the expenditures of Company 'B' in 2002 and 2003 be Rs 5x and 7x respectively
∴ In 2002,

or, 40x = 20 l1 - 100x
or, 20 l1 = 140x
∴ l1 = 7x
In 2003,

QUESTION: 52

Heern: I object to the mayor’s proposal that taxicabs pick up and drop off passengers only at designated stops. This proposal aims to reduce traffic jams and accidents, but if the mayor herself were affected by such a law, she would oppose it. Thus the proposal is without merit.
The reasoning in Heern’s argument is most vulnerable to criticism on the grounds that this argument

Solution:
QUESTION: 53

Time and again it has been shown that students who attend colleges with low faculty/student ratios get the most well-rounded education. As a result, when my children are ready to attend college, I'll be sure they attend a school with a very small student population.
Which of the following, if true, identifies the greatest flaw in the reasoning above?

Solution:
QUESTION: 54

Hospital executive: At a recent conference on nonprofit management, several computer experts maintained that the most significant threat faced by large institutions such as universities and hospitals is unauthorized access to confidential data. In light of this testimony, we should make the protection of our clients’ confidentiality our highest priority.
The hospital executive’s argument is most vulnerable to which one of the following objections?

Solution:
QUESTION: 55

A conservation group in the United States is trying to change the long-standing image of bats as frightening creatures. The group contends that bats are feared and persecuted solely because they are shy animals that are active only at night.
Which of the following, if true, would cast the most serious doubt on the accuracy of the group's contention?

Solution:
QUESTION: 56

Back in the good old days, there was a Deputy Magistrate name Sukhdev Singh, in Deoghar. He was scrupulously honest and was posted in key department whenever the state was brought under President Rule. The moment and elected government was voted in, he would be transferred to a section where he would not get in the way of the money that could be made.
Which of the following is an inference of the above passage?

Solution:
QUESTION: 57

These questions are based on the following graphs.

Total Investment Funds = Rs. 11 crore 5 lakh

Q. According to these graphs, approximately, how much money from the investment portfolio was invested in high-risk stoks ?

Solution:
QUESTION: 58

These questions are based on the following graphs.

Q. Approximately , how much money belonging to the investment portfolio was invested in state-issued bonds.

Solution:
QUESTION: 59

These questions are based on the following graphs.

Q. Which of the following earned the least amount of money for the investment portfolio ?

Solution:
QUESTION: 60

The percentage of revenue that comes from the four different prodcut segments for a diversiifed manufacturing company are shown in the following pie-charts. Fig-ures pertaining to the year 1998 and 2000 are given on the right hand side. The total sales in the year 1998 were Rs 120 crores. It was Rs 195 crores in 2000.

Q. Which product segment has registered the maximum percentage growth in revenue during the two year period?

Solution:

Cement has increased from 25% to 36%, which is the maximum, even if we don't take the increase in sales into account

QUESTION: 61

The percentage of revenue that comes from the four different prodcut segments for a diversiifed manufacturing company are shown in the following pie-charts. Fig-ures pertaining to the year 1998 and 2000 are given on the right hand side. The total sales in the year 1998 were Rs 120 crores. It was Rs 195 crores in 2000.

Q. Which of the following statements is correct about the company?

Solution:
QUESTION: 62

The percentage of revenue that comes from the four different prodcut segments for a diversiifed manufacturing company are shown in the following pie-charts. Fig-ures pertaining to the year 1998 and 2000 are given on the right hand side. The total sales in the year 1998 were Rs 120 crores. It was Rs 195 crores in 2000.

Q. What is the annualised percentage growth in revenue for the 'Others' segment?

Solution:

Others growth rate is from 16% (120) to 8%(195)
= 19.2 to 15.2. Growth rate = -3.6/19.2 = -18.75%

Since this is for 2 years, average annual growth rate would be -18.75/2 = -9.37%

QUESTION: 63

Study the table carefully to answer the following questions. Number of tractors (in thousands) manufactured by six different tractor companies and percentage of defective tractors over the years.

Q. What is the ratio of non-defective tractors manufactured by Company G in the year 1999 to the non-defective tractors manufactured by Company E in the same year?

Solution:

Required ratio =

QUESTION: 64

Study the table carefully to answer the following questions. Number of tractors (in thousands) manufactured by six different tractor companies and percentage of defective tractors over the years.

Q. What is the total number of defective tractors manufactured by Company H over the years?

Solution:

Total number of defective tractors manufactured by company H over the years
= 11.5% of 350 × 103 + 16.4% of 615 × 103 + 14%
of 485 × 103 + 15.2% of 365 × 103 + 12% of 350 × 103 + 11.4% of 280 × 103
= 40250 + 100860 + 67900 + 55480 + 42000 + 31920 = 338410

QUESTION: 65

Study the table carefully to answer the following questions. Number of tractors (in thousands) manufactured by six different tractor companies and percentage of defective tractors over the years.

Q. In which year were maximum number of tractors manufactured?

Solution:

From the observation of data, maximum number of tractors were manufactued in year 2000

QUESTION: 66

Study the table carefully to answer the following questions. Number of tractors (in thousands) manufactured by six different tractor companies and percentage of defective tractors over the years.

Q. Which Company has manufactured the lowest number of defective tractors over the years?

Solution:

From the observation of data, the lowest number of defective tractors over the years is for the company G

QUESTION: 67

In each question, there are sentences with pair of italicized word(s)/phrase(s) . From the italicized word(s)/phrase(s), select the most appropriate word(s)/phrase(s)(P or Q) to form correct sentences. Then, choose the best one from the given options.

Q. It is unpudent(P)/unprudent(Q) to spend more than what you earn.
The sole(P)/soul(Q) is immortal.
Please give me a quire(P)/choir(Q) of paper.
This is the shortest rout(P)/route(Q) to the railway station.

Solution:
QUESTION: 68

From the italicized word(s)/phrase(s), select the most appropriate word(s)/phrase(s)(P or Q) to form correct sentences. Then, choose the best one from the given options.

Q. Orders for his arrest were issued by the imperial(P)/imperious(Q) court.
He joined the navy as a sailor(P)/sailer(Q) .
She did not exceed(P)/accede(Q) to my request.
The sunset at Kanyakumari is a beautiful site(P)/sight(Q).
I cannot recollect(P)/remember(Q) what he wrote to me.

Solution:
QUESTION: 69

From the italicized word(s)/phrase(s), select the most appropriate word(s)/phrase(s)(P or Q) to form correct sentences. Then, choose the best one from the given options.

Q. During the voyage she suffered from sea sickness(P)/illness(Q).
I lost my golden wring(P)/ring(Q) yesterday.
She asked me whether(P)/weather(Q) I could help her.
Children are always deer(P)/dear(Q) to their parents.
Dr. Rajendra Prasad was the first precedent(P)/president(Q) to India.

Solution:
QUESTION: 70

From the italicized word(s)/phrase(s), select the most appropriate word(s)/phrase(s)(P or Q) to form correct sentences. Then, choose the best one from the given options.

Q. Akbar was a human(P)/humane(Q) ruler.
She has a very narrow waist(P)/waste(Q).
Idol(P)/Idle(Q) brain is a devil's workshop.
Physics(P)/Physic(Q) is my favourite subject.

Solution:
QUESTION: 71

Swami Vivekanand had said, "So long as the millions live in hunger and ignorance, I hold everyone traitor, who, having been educated at their expense, pays not the least heed to them".
This issue has become relevant in the light of the recent fall from grace of the American capitalist image. The Enron, World.com and Xerox exposures have revealed the ugly side of Western style capitalism under which, in the quest for short-term gains, wrong doing are overlooked. As a result people have lost trust in corporate performance and those involved in it.
Further, many of those involved in these scandals were highly educated. In India too, we have had our share of such scams in the stock market and the actors involved in them were educated men.
Earning of profits is, no doubt, the main aim of any business. But, if they are earned with principles they enrich people’s lives. As the Jagadguru Sankaracharya says, ‘All for each and each for all’ should be the motto of enlightened men.
JRD Tata used to say ‘While profit motive, no doubt, provides the main spark for any economic activity any enterprise which is not motivated by consideration of urgent service to the community becomes obsolete soon and cannot fulfill its real role in modern society.
When we talk of investing in education, a question arises as to what kind of education needs to be given to the youngsters. Our aim is to evolve not only an affluent society; but an egalitarian, just, humane and compassionate society. For that we need people who possess not only high skills but high values as well.
So the need of the hour is not only skill-based education but also value-inspired and value-based education. We can find answer for the present sickness in contemporary civilization in the Indian philosophy.

Q. According to the author, a true businessman should

Solution:
QUESTION: 72

Swami Vivekanand had said, "So long as the millions live in hunger and ignorance, I hold everyone traitor, who, having been educated at their expense, pays not the least heed to them".
This issue has become relevant in the light of the recent fall from grace of the American capitalist image. The Enron, World.com and Xerox exposures have revealed the ugly side of Western style capitalism under which, in the quest for short-term gains, wrong doing are overlooked. As a result people have lost trust in corporate performance and those involved in it.
Further, many of those involved in these scandals were highly educated. In India too, we have had our share of such scams in the stock market and the actors involved in them were educated men.
Earning of profits is, no doubt, the main aim of any business. But, if they are earned with principles they enrich people’s lives. As the Jagadguru Sankaracharya says, ‘All for each and each for all’ should be the motto of enlightened men.
JRD Tata used to say ‘While profit motive, no doubt, provides the main spark for any economic activity any enterprise which is not motivated by consideration of urgent service to the community becomes obsolete soon and cannot fulfill its real role in modern society.
When we talk of investing in education, a question arises as to what kind of education needs to be given to the youngsters. Our aim is to evolve not only an affluent society; but an egalitarian, just, humane and compassionate society. For that we need people who possess not only high skills but high values as well.
So the need of the hour is not only skill-based education but also value-inspired and value-based education. We can find answer for the present sickness in contemporary civilization in the Indian philosophy.

Q. The author has pointed out that the people involved in scandals and scams were

Solution:
QUESTION: 73

Swami Vivekanand had said, "So long as the millions live in hunger and ignorance, I hold everyone traitor, who, having been educated at their expense, pays not the least heed to them".
This issue has become relevant in the light of the recent fall from grace of the American capitalist image. The Enron, World.com and Xerox exposures have revealed the ugly side of Western style capitalism under which, in the quest for short-term gains, wrong doing are overlooked. As a result people have lost trust in corporate performance and those involved in it.
Further, many of those involved in these scandals were highly educated. In India too, we have had our share of such scams in the stock market and the actors involved in them were educated men.
Earning of profits is, no doubt, the main aim of any business. But, if they are earned with principles they enrich people’s lives. As the Jagadguru Sankaracharya says, ‘All for each and each for all’ should be the motto of enlightened men.
JRD Tata used to say ‘While profit motive, no doubt, provides the main spark for any economic activity any enterprise which is not motivated by consideration of urgent service to the community becomes obsolete soon and cannot fulfill its real role in modern society.
When we talk of investing in education, a question arises as to what kind of education needs to be given to the youngsters. Our aim is to evolve not only an affluent society; but an egalitarian, just, humane and compassionate society. For that we need people who possess not only high skills but high values as well.
So the need of the hour is not only skill-based education but also value-inspired and value-based education. We can find answer for the present sickness in contemporary civilization in the Indian philosophy.

Q. The author has given the example of Enron, Xerox, etc. to emphasize the point that

Solution:
QUESTION: 74

Swami Vivekanand had said, "So long as the millions live in hunger and ignorance, I hold everyone traitor, who, having been educated at their expense, pays not the least heed to them".
This issue has become relevant in the light of the recent fall from grace of the American capitalist image. The Enron, World.com and Xerox exposures have revealed the ugly side of Western style capitalism under which, in the quest for short-term gains, wrong doing are overlooked. As a result people have lost trust in corporate performance and those involved in it.
Further, many of those involved in these scandals were highly educated. In India too, we have had our share of such scams in the stock market and the actors involved in them were educated men.
Earning of profits is, no doubt, the main aim of any business. But, if they are earned with principles they enrich people’s lives. As the Jagadguru Sankaracharya says, ‘All for each and each for all’ should be the motto of enlightened men.
JRD Tata used to say ‘While profit motive, no doubt, provides the main spark for any economic activity any enterprise which is not motivated by consideration of urgent service to the community becomes obsolete soon and cannot fulfill its real role in modern society.
When we talk of investing in education, a question arises as to what kind of education needs to be given to the youngsters. Our aim is to evolve not only an affluent society; but an egalitarian, just, humane and compassionate society. For that we need people who possess not only high skills but high values as well.
So the need of the hour is not only skill-based education but also value-inspired and value-based education. We can find answer for the present sickness in contemporary civilization in the Indian philosophy.

Q. As per Swami Vivekanand, which of the following will be the most appropriate definition of “traitor"?

Solution:
QUESTION: 75

Swami Vivekanand had said, "So long as the millions live in hunger and ignorance, I hold everyone traitor, who, having been educated at their expense, pays not the least heed to them".
This issue has become relevant in the light of the recent fall from grace of the American capitalist image. The Enron, World.com and Xerox exposures have revealed the ugly side of Western style capitalism under which, in the quest for short-term gains, wrong doing are overlooked. As a result people have lost trust in corporate performance and those involved in it.
Further, many of those involved in these scandals were highly educated. In India too, we have had our share of such scams in the stock market and the actors involved in them were educated men.
Earning of profits is, no doubt, the main aim of any business. But, if they are earned with principles they enrich people’s lives. As the Jagadguru Sankaracharya says, ‘All for each and each for all’ should be the motto of enlightened men.
JRD Tata used to say ‘While profit motive, no doubt, provides the main spark for any economic activity any enterprise which is not motivated by consideration of urgent service to the community becomes obsolete soon and cannot fulfill its real role in modern society.
When we talk of investing in education, a question arises as to what kind of education needs to be given to the youngsters. Our aim is to evolve not only an affluent society; but an egalitarian, just, humane and compassionate society. For that we need people who possess not only high skills but high values as well.
So the need of the hour is not only skill-based education but also value-inspired and value-based education. We can find answer for the present sickness in contemporary civilization in the Indian philosophy.

Q. What are the ultimate expectations from education to be imparted to the youngsters?
(A) To evolve an affluent society.
(B) To make people inculcate high values.
(C) To help the youth acquire higher skills.

Solution:
QUESTION: 76

For biologists, the term “eye” describes any lightsensitive organ consisting of more than one cell. Although most animals have eyes, eye structures vary widely. The compound eyes of insects and other arthropods, for example, have an architecture strikingly different from the single-lens eyes of vertebrates and mollusks. Until recently, most biologists believed that all the different kinds of eyes evolved independently from as many as forty ancestral prototypes, and not from a single ancestral prototype eye.
Traditional means of tracking the evolutionary development of eyes included examinations of internal eye structures, which tended to support the multiple origin theory despite some anomalies such as the resemblance between mammals’ eyes and the eyes of the nautilus mollusk—animals that are not closely related. Proponents of the multiple origin theory dismissed such examples as textbook cases of evolutionary convergence: the idea that even strikingly different prototype eyes could evolve into kinds of eyes remarkably similar to each other.
In support of their theory, these biologists point to the fact that different species inhabiting the same environment frequently have very different eye structures from one another. This lack of correlation between eye structures and physical environments has provided what is perhaps the strongest support for the multiple origin theory. Adherents of the theory argue that if eyes originated from a single ancestral prototype, then there should be similarity in the patterns of eye evolution in species that evolved under the same environmental conditions. The inability of biologists to identify such evolutionary patterns is arguably the primary reason for this theory’s widespread acceptance.
In 1993, however, a crucial link was discovered: a control gene that activates the many genes needed for complete eye formation in fruit flies. Analogues to this gene have since been identified in many organisms, including earthworms, mice, and humans, and are expected to exist in all eye-bearing organisms. Researchers discovered that inserting the control gene present in mice into fruit flies results in the formation of functional fruit fly eyes. This suggests that the control genes in mice and in fruit flies are interchangeable and hence evolved from a single, common ancestral gene. The same may be true of all of these control genes, which would argue convincingly against the multiple origin theory and call for a reevaluation of the evidence that seemed to support the theory. For example, the lack of correlation between eye structures and physical environments may have resulted from the advantage bestowed by eyes. The survival value of sight is perhaps so great that even variations in eyes that might be less than optimal for some individuals in a particular environment are sufficiently advantageous that they allow the individuals to survive and propagate the variation, thus facilitating the proliferation of variations in eyes even in the absence of an environmental difference.

Q. The author mentions that biologists accepted which one of the following as evidence for the theory that eyes evolved from multiple origins?

Solution:
QUESTION: 77

For biologists, the term “eye” describes any lightsensitive organ consisting of more than one cell. Although most animals have eyes, eye structures vary widely. The compound eyes of insects and other arthropods, for example, have an architecture strikingly different from the single-lens eyes of vertebrates and mollusks. Until recently, most biologists believed that all the different kinds of eyes evolved independently from as many as forty ancestral prototypes, and not from a single ancestral prototype eye.
Traditional means of tracking the evolutionary development of eyes included examinations of internal eye structures, which tended to support the multiple origin theory despite some anomalies such as the resemblance between mammals’ eyes and the eyes of the nautilus mollusk—animals that are not closely related. Proponents of the multiple origin theory dismissed such examples as textbook cases of evolutionary convergence: the idea that even strikingly different prototype eyes could evolve into kinds of eyes remarkably similar to each other.
In support of their theory, these biologists point to the fact that different species inhabiting the same environment frequently have very different eye structures from one another. This lack of correlation between eye structures and physical environments has provided what is perhaps the strongest support for the multiple origin theory. Adherents of the theory argue that if eyes originated from a single ancestral prototype, then there should be similarity in the patterns of eye evolution in species that evolved under the same environmental conditions. The inability of biologists to identify such evolutionary patterns is arguably the primary reason for this theory’s widespread acceptance.
In 1993, however, a crucial link was discovered: a control gene that activates the many genes needed for complete eye formation in fruit flies. Analogues to this gene have since been identified in many organisms, including earthworms, mice, and humans, and are expected to exist in all eye-bearing organisms. Researchers discovered that inserting the control gene present in mice into fruit flies results in the formation of functional fruit fly eyes. This suggests that the control genes in mice and in fruit flies are interchangeable and hence evolved from a single, common ancestral gene. The same may be true of all of these control genes, which would argue convincingly against the multiple origin theory and call for a reevaluation of the evidence that seemed to support the theory. For example, the lack of correlation between eye structures and physical environments may have resulted from the advantage bestowed by eyes. The survival value of sight is perhaps so great that even variations in eyes that might be less than optimal for some individuals in a particular environment are sufficiently advantageous that they allow the individuals to survive and propagate the variation, thus facilitating the proliferation of variations in eyes even in the absence of an environmental difference.

Q. The primary purpose of the passage is to

Solution:
QUESTION: 78

For biologists, the term “eye” describes any lightsensitive organ consisting of more than one cell. Although most animals have eyes, eye structures vary widely. The compound eyes of insects and other arthropods, for example, have an architecture strikingly different from the single-lens eyes of vertebrates and mollusks. Until recently, most biologists believed that all the different kinds of eyes evolved independently from as many as forty ancestral prototypes, and not from a single ancestral prototype eye.
Traditional means of tracking the evolutionary development of eyes included examinations of internal eye structures, which tended to support the multiple origin theory despite some anomalies such as the resemblance between mammals’ eyes and the eyes of the nautilus mollusk—animals that are not closely related. Proponents of the multiple origin theory dismissed such examples as textbook cases of evolutionary convergence: the idea that even strikingly different prototype eyes could evolve into kinds of eyes remarkably similar to each other.
In support of their theory, these biologists point to the fact that different species inhabiting the same environment frequently have very different eye structures from one another. This lack of correlation between eye structures and physical environments has provided what is perhaps the strongest support for the multiple origin theory. Adherents of the theory argue that if eyes originated from a single ancestral prototype, then there should be similarity in the patterns of eye evolution in species that evolved under the same environmental conditions. The inability of biologists to identify such evolutionary patterns is arguably the primary reason for this theory’s widespread acceptance.
In 1993, however, a crucial link was discovered: a control gene that activates the many genes needed for complete eye formation in fruit flies. Analogues to this gene have since been identified in many organisms, including earthworms, mice, and humans, and are expected to exist in all eye-bearing organisms. Researchers discovered that inserting the control gene present in mice into fruit flies results in the formation of functional fruit fly eyes. This suggests that the control genes in mice and in fruit flies are interchangeable and hence evolved from a single, common ancestral gene. The same may be true of all of these control genes, which would argue convincingly against the multiple origin theory and call for a reevaluation of the evidence that seemed to support the theory. For example, the lack of correlation between eye structures and physical environments may have resulted from the advantage bestowed by eyes. The survival value of sight is perhaps so great that even variations in eyes that might be less than optimal for some individuals in a particular environment are sufficiently advantageous that they allow the individuals to survive and propagate the variation, thus facilitating the proliferation of variations in eyes even in the absence of an environmental difference.

Q. The passage provides the strongest support for the inference that the author’s attitude regarding the discovery of a control gene responsible for activating eye formation in fruit flies can be accurately described as

Solution:
QUESTION: 79

For biologists, the term “eye” describes any lightsensitive organ consisting of more than one cell. Although most animals have eyes, eye structures vary widely. The compound eyes of insects and other arthropods, for example, have an architecture strikingly different from the single-lens eyes of vertebrates and mollusks. Until recently, most biologists believed that all the different kinds of eyes evolved independently from as many as forty ancestral prototypes, and not from a single ancestral prototype eye.
Traditional means of tracking the evolutionary development of eyes included examinations of internal eye structures, which tended to support the multiple origin theory despite some anomalies such as the resemblance between mammals’ eyes and the eyes of the nautilus mollusk—animals that are not closely related. Proponents of the multiple origin theory dismissed such examples as textbook cases of evolutionary convergence: the idea that even strikingly different prototype eyes could evolve into kinds of eyes remarkably similar to each other.
In support of their theory, these biologists point to the fact that different species inhabiting the same environment frequently have very different eye structures from one another. This lack of correlation between eye structures and physical environments has provided what is perhaps the strongest support for the multiple origin theory. Adherents of the theory argue that if eyes originated from a single ancestral prototype, then there should be similarity in the patterns of eye evolution in species that evolved under the same environmental conditions. The inability of biologists to identify such evolutionary patterns is arguably the primary reason for this theory’s widespread acceptance.
In 1993, however, a crucial link was discovered: a control gene that activates the many genes needed for complete eye formation in fruit flies. Analogues to this gene have since been identified in many organisms, including earthworms, mice, and humans, and are expected to exist in all eye-bearing organisms. Researchers discovered that inserting the control gene present in mice into fruit flies results in the formation of functional fruit fly eyes. This suggests that the control genes in mice and in fruit flies are interchangeable and hence evolved from a single, common ancestral gene. The same may be true of all of these control genes, which would argue convincingly against the multiple origin theory and call for a reevaluation of the evidence that seemed to support the theory. For example, the lack of correlation between eye structures and physical environments may have resulted from the advantage bestowed by eyes. The survival value of sight is perhaps so great that even variations in eyes that might be less than optimal for some individuals in a particular environment are sufficiently advantageous that they allow the individuals to survive and propagate the variation, thus facilitating the proliferation of variations in eyes even in the absence of an environmental difference.

Q. According to the author, control genes have been found that

Solution:
QUESTION: 80

For biologists, the term “eye” describes any lightsensitive organ consisting of more than one cell. Although most animals have eyes, eye structures vary widely. The compound eyes of insects and other arthropods, for example, have an architecture strikingly different from the single-lens eyes of vertebrates and mollusks. Until recently, most biologists believed that all the different kinds of eyes evolved independently from as many as forty ancestral prototypes, and not from a single ancestral prototype eye.
Traditional means of tracking the evolutionary development of eyes included examinations of internal eye structures, which tended to support the multiple origin theory despite some anomalies such as the resemblance between mammals’ eyes and the eyes of the nautilus mollusk—animals that are not closely related. Proponents of the multiple origin theory dismissed such examples as textbook cases of evolutionary convergence: the idea that even strikingly different prototype eyes could evolve into kinds of eyes remarkably similar to each other.
In support of their theory, these biologists point to the fact that different species inhabiting the same environment frequently have very different eye structures from one another. This lack of correlation between eye structures and physical environments has provided what is perhaps the strongest support for the multiple origin theory. Adherents of the theory argue that if eyes originated from a single ancestral prototype, then there should be similarity in the patterns of eye evolution in species that evolved under the same environmental conditions. The inability of biologists to identify such evolutionary patterns is arguably the primary reason for this theory’s widespread acceptance.
In 1993, however, a crucial link was discovered: a control gene that activates the many genes needed for complete eye formation in fruit flies. Analogues to this gene have since been identified in many organisms, including earthworms, mice, and humans, and are expected to exist in all eye-bearing organisms. Researchers discovered that inserting the control gene present in mice into fruit flies results in the formation of functional fruit fly eyes. This suggests that the control genes in mice and in fruit flies are interchangeable and hence evolved from a single, common ancestral gene. The same may be true of all of these control genes, which would argue convincingly against the multiple origin theory and call for a reevaluation of the evidence that seemed to support the theory. For example, the lack of correlation between eye structures and physical environments may have resulted from the advantage bestowed by eyes. The survival value of sight is perhaps so great that even variations in eyes that might be less than optimal for some individuals in a particular environment are sufficiently advantageous that they allow the individuals to survive and propagate the variation, thus facilitating the proliferation of variations in eyes even in the absence of an environmental difference.

Q. Proponents of the multiple origin theory would likely regard the relationship between the development of human eyes and the development of the eyes of the nautilus mollusk as most analogous to which one of the following?

Solution:
QUESTION: 81

Fill in the blanks with appropriate pair of words.

Q. A war, even if fought for individual liberty and democratic rights, usually requires that these principles be ...... , for they are ...... the regimentation and discipline necessary for military efficiency.

Solution:
QUESTION: 82

Fill in the blanks with appropriate pair of words.

Their mutual teasing seemed ...... , but in fact it ...... a long-standing hostility.

Solution:
QUESTION: 83

Fill in the blanks with appropriate pair of words.

Many of the earliest colonial houses that are still standing have been so modified and enlarged that the ...... design is no longer ...... .

Solution:
QUESTION: 84

Choose the italised word which is wrongly spelt/inappropriate in the context of the sentence.

Q. We plan to complete the exhaustive performance review undertook by us by next week.

Solution:
QUESTION: 85

Choose the italised word which is wrongly spelt/inappropriate in the context of the sentence.

Q. Home loan borrowers will be definitely affected since banks have raised their lending rates of interest.

Solution:
QUESTION: 86

Choose the italised word which is wrongly spelt/inappropriate in the context of the sentence.

Q. The Finance Minister has impressed satisfaction over the progress made by regional rural banks.

Solution:
QUESTION: 87

Choose the italised word which is wrongly spelt/inappropriate in the context of the sentence.

Q. If they want to maintain their current was rate of expansion they have to consider these parametres.

Solution:
QUESTION: 88

In following question, there are five sentences/paragraphs. The sentence/ paragraph labelled P is in its correct place. The four that follow are labelled Q, R, S and T, and need to be arranged in the logical order to form a coherent paragraph/passage. From the given options, choose the most appropriate option.

P. The Vedic hymns are probably the earliest important religious documents of the human race.
Q. Often the favours sought are of the nature of material blessings, such as long life, vigorous offspring, cattle and horses, gold, etc.
R. The hymns of the Rig Veda, on the other hand, are often praises of various deities, who are frequently mere personifications of the different powers of nature.
S. The prayers in these hymns are praises of the greatness and power, the mysterious nature, and the exploits of these deities, as well as prayers for various favours.
T. The Atharva Veda contains among other things descriptions of charms for securing harmony and

Solution:
QUESTION: 89

The sentence/ paragraph labelled P is in its correct place. The four that follow are labelled Q, R, S and T, and need to be arranged in the logical order to form a coherent paragraph/passage.

P. The most important part of the Analytical Engine was undoubtedly the mechanical method of carrying the tons.
Q. The difficulty did not consist so much in the more or less complexity of the contrivance as in the reduction of the time required affecting the carriage.
R. At last I came to the conclusion that I had exhausted the principle of successive carriage.
S. On this I laboured incessantly, each succeeding improvement advancing me a step or two.
T. Twenty or thirty different plans and modifications had been drawn.

Solution:

The correct sequence is:
Q: The difficulty did not consist so much in the more or less complexity of the contrivance as in the reduction of the time required affecting the carriage.
T: Twenty or thirty different plans and modifications had been drawn.
R: At last I came to the conclusion that I had exhausted the principle of successive carriage.
S: On this I laboured incessantly, each succeeding improvement advancing me a step or two.

QUESTION: 90

Rearrange the following sentences (P), (Q), (R), (S), (T) and (U) into a meaningful paragraph and then answer the questions given below it.
(P) Other factors are important in determining whether a stock market decline causes an economic setback.
(Q) We tend to associate a stock market crash with an economic slump.
(R) The two most important factors are the impact on the banking sector and policy response to the crash.
(S) That is because we have seen such a link several times in the past.
(T) But there is no automatic link between the stock market crash and the economic downturn, say experts.
(U) For example the Great Depression followed the Great Crash of 1929 in the U.S.

Q. Which of the following will be the FIRST sentence after rearrangement?

Solution:
QUESTION: 91

Rearrange the following sentences (P), (Q), (R), (S), (T) and (U) into a meaningful paragraph and then answer the questions given below it.
(P) Other factors are important in determining whether a stock market decline causes an economic setback.
(Q) We tend to associate a stock market crash with an economic slump.
(R) The two most important factors are the impact on the banking sector and policy response to the crash.
(S) That is because we have seen such a link several times in the past.
(T) But there is no automatic link between the stock market crash and the economic downturn, say experts.
(U) For example the Great Depression followed the Great Crash of 1929 in the U.S.

Q. Which of the following will be the SECOND sentence after rearrangement?

Solution:
QUESTION: 92

Rearrange the following sentences (P), (Q), (R), (S), (T) and (U) into a meaningful paragraph and then answer the questions given below it.
(P) Other factors are important in determining whether a stock market decline causes an economic setback.
(Q) We tend to associate a stock market crash with an economic slump.
(R) The two most important factors are the impact on the banking sector and policy response to the crash.
(S) That is because we have seen such a link several times in the past.
(T) But there is no automatic link between the stock market crash and the economic downturn, say experts.
(U) For example the Great Depression followed the Great Crash of 1929 in the U.S.

Q. Which of the following will be the THIRD sentence after rearrangement?

Solution:
QUESTION: 93

Choose the grammatically correct option from the following.

Solution:
QUESTION: 94

Which of phrases given below each sentence should replace the phrase in italisized type to make grammatically correct?
By next month, Ms. Sharma will be Mayor of Tallahassee for two years.

Solution:
QUESTION: 95

Choose the grammatically correct option from the following.

Solution:
QUESTION: 96

Improve the sentence by choosing best alternative for capitalised part of the sentence.

Q. He went to the blast site to save his colleague WHO WAS STRANDING there.

Solution:
QUESTION: 97

Improve the sentence by choosing best alternative for capitalised part of the sentence.

Q. When I RECEIVE THE LETTER, the date for the interview was already over.

Solution:

The sentence talks in the past, so we will use the past perfect tense.

QUESTION: 98

Improve the sentence by choosing best alternative for capitalised part of the sentence.

Q. Everyone IS REQUESTED to attend the dinner party hosted by the president.

Solution:
QUESTION: 99

Choose the italicised word which is wrongly spelt/inappropriate in the context of the sentence.

Q. He found the company in 1980 to provide electricity to people living in rural areas.

Solution:
QUESTION: 100

Choose the italicised word which is wrongly spelt/inappropriate in the context of the sentence.

Q. Salaries of bank employees are likely to go above by ten percent.

Solution: