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Test: CAT Logical Reasoning & Data Interpretation- 4 - CAT MCQ


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20 Questions MCQ Test CAT Mock Test Series 2024 - Test: CAT Logical Reasoning & Data Interpretation- 4

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*Answer can only contain numeric values
Test: CAT Logical Reasoning & Data Interpretation- 4 - Question 1

What is the registration number of white car?


Detailed Solution for Test: CAT Logical Reasoning & Data Interpretation- 4 - Question 1

The registration number of white car is 1115.

Given that the registration number of white car has less than 3 different digits. It cannot have only one digit (since no digit occurs 4 times). Hence, the registration number of white car must be a multiple of 5 (i.e. end in a 0 or a 5) and have 2 different digits, i.e. be of the form (aaab/abbb) OR (aabb). Hence, 3a + b = 8 (for which the only possibility is a = 1 and b = 5, since 0 appears only twice) or 2a + 2b = 8 (for which there is no possibility, since 4 does not appear even once and at least one of a and b must be 0 or 5). Hence. only 1115 is possible.

The registration number of white car is exactly a factor of registration number of black car or we can say that the registration number of black car is a multiple of registration number of white car. Multiples of 1115 with four digits are 2230, 3345, 4460, 5575, 6690, 7805 and 8920. Of these, only 6690 is possible (8920 and 7805 are not possible because the registration number of red car should have three digits, which are not in anyone else's registration number, i.e. the registration number of red car should have three digits out of 2, 7, 8 and 9).

Since 9 is present in the registration number of black car, red car's registration number should contain 2, 7, 8 and 5/0. The registration number of grey car will have the digits 3, 3, 5 and 5/0. But, if there are two 5s in the registration number of grey car, it will not have at least three distinct digits. Hence, the registration number of grey car will have the digits 3, 3, 5 and 0 and the registration number of red car will be either 2785 or 2875.

From (5), 2785 + 500 = 3285 and 2875 + 500 = 3375. The registration number of grey car should lie between 3285 and 3475. The only possible values of registration number of grey car are 3350 and 3305. Since both these values are less than 3375, the registration number of red car cannot be 2875. Therefore, the registration number of red car must be 2785 and the registration number of grey car can be 3350 or 3305.

*Answer can only contain numeric values
Test: CAT Logical Reasoning & Data Interpretation- 4 - Question 2

How many of the four cars have a registration number which is a multiple of 3? Key in the correct value.


Detailed Solution for Test: CAT Logical Reasoning & Data Interpretation- 4 - Question 2

Only the registration number of black car i.e.6690 is a multiple of 3.

Given that the registration number of white car has less than 3 different digits. It cannot have only one digit (since no digit occurs 4 times). Hence, the registration number of white car must be a multiple of 5 (i.e. end in a 0 or a 5) and have 2 different digits, i.e. be of the form (aaab/abbb) OR (aabb). Hence, 3a + b = 8 (for which the only possibility is a = 1 and b = 5, since 0 appears only twice) or 2a + 2b = 8 (for which there is no possibility, since 4 does not appear even once and at least one of a and b must be 0 or 5). Hence. only 1115 is possible.

The registration number of white car is exactly a factor of registration number of black car or we can say that the registration number of black car is a multiple of registration number of white car. Multiples of 1115 with four digits are 2230, 3345, 4460, 5575, 6690, 7805 and 8920. Of these, only 6690 is possible (8920 and 7805 are not possible because the registration number of red car should have three digits, which are not in anyone else's registration number, i.e. the registration number of red car should have three digits out of 2, 7, 8 and 9).

Since 9 is present in the registration number of black car, red car's registration number should contain 2, 7, 8 and 5/0. The registration number of grey car will have the digits 3, 3, 5 and 5/0. But, if there are two 5s in the registration number of grey car, it will not have at least three distinct digits. Hence, the registration number of grey car will have the digits 3, 3, 5 and 0 and the registration number of red car will be either 2785 or 2875.

From (5), 2785 + 500 = 3285 and 2875 + 500 = 3375. The registration number of grey car should lie between 3285 and 3475. The only possible values of registration number of grey car are 3350 and 3305. Since both these values are less than 3375, the registration number of red car cannot be 2875. Therefore, the registration number of red car must be 2785 and the registration number of grey car can be 3350 or 3305.

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Test: CAT Logical Reasoning & Data Interpretation- 4 - Question 3

What is the sum of registration numbers of red car and black car?

Detailed Solution for Test: CAT Logical Reasoning & Data Interpretation- 4 - Question 3

The sum of the registration numbers of red car and black car is 9475.

Given that the registration number of white car has less than 3 different digits. It cannot have only one digit (since no digit occurs 4 times). Hence, the registration number of white car must be a multiple of 5 (i.e. end in a 0 or a 5) and have 2 different digits, i.e. be of the form (aaab/abbb) OR (aabb). Hence, 3a + b = 8 (for which the only possibility is a = 1 and b = 5, since 0 appears only twice) or 2a + 2b = 8 (for which there is no possibility, since 4 does not appear even once and at least one of a and b must be 0 or 5). Hence. only 1115 is possible.

The registration number of white car is exactly a factor of registration number of black car or we can say that the registration number of black car is a multiple of registration number of white car. Multiples of 1115 with four digits are 2230, 3345, 4460, 5575, 6690, 7805 and 8920. Of these, only 6690 is possible (8920 and 7805 are not possible because the registration number of red car should have three digits, which are not in anyone else's registration number, i.e. the registration number of red car should have three digits out of 2, 7, 8 and 9).

Since 9 is present in the registration number of black car, red car's registration number should contain 2, 7, 8 and 5/0. The registration number of grey car will have the digits 3, 3, 5 and 5/0. But, if there are two 5s in the registration number of grey car, it will not have at least three distinct digits. Hence, the registration number of grey car will have the digits 3, 3, 5 and 0 and the registration number of red car will be either 2785 or 2875.

From (5), 2785 + 500 = 3285 and 2875 + 500 = 3375. The registration number of grey car should lie between 3285 and 3475. The only possible values of registration number of grey car are 3350 and 3305. Since both these values are less than 3375, the registration number of red car cannot be 2875. Therefore, the registration number of red car must be 2785 and the registration number of grey car can be 3350 or 3305.

*Answer can only contain numeric values
Test: CAT Logical Reasoning & Data Interpretation- 4 - Question 4

If two out of the four registration numbers are multiples of 10, then what is the registration number of grey car?


Detailed Solution for Test: CAT Logical Reasoning & Data Interpretation- 4 - Question 4

It is given that the registration number of white car has less than 3 different digits. It cannot have only one digit (since no digit occurs 4 times). Hence, the registration number of white car must be a multiple of 5 (i.e. end in a 0 or a 5) and have 2 different digits, i.e. be of the form (aaab/abbb) OR (aabb). Hence, 3a + b = 8 (for which the only possibility is a = 1 and b = 5, since 0 appears only twice) or 2a + 2b = 8 (for which there is no possibility, since 4 does not appear even once and at least one of a and b must be 0 or 5). Hence, only 1115 is possible.

The registration number of white car is exactly a factor of the registration number of black car or we can say that the registration number of black car is a multiple of the registration number of white car. Multiples of 1115 with four digits are 2230, 3345, 4460, 5575, 6690, 7805 and 8920. Of these, only 6690 is possible (8920 and 7805 are not possible because the registration number of red car should have three digits, which are not in anyone else's registration number, i.e. the registration number of red car should have three digits out of 2, 7, 8 and 9).

Since 9 is present in the registration number of black car, red car's registration number should contain 2, 7, 8 and 5/0. The registration number of grey car will have the digits 3, 3, 5 and 5/0, but if there are two 5s in the registration number of grey car, it will not have at least three distinct digits. Hence, the registration number of grey car will have the digits 3, 3, 5 and 0 and the registration number of red car will be either 2785 or 2875.

From (5), 2785 + 500 = 3285 and 2875 + 500 = 3375. The registration number of grey car should lie between 3285 and 3475. The only possible values of the registration number of grey car are 3350 and 3305. Since both these values are less than 3375, the registration number of red car cannot be 2875. Therefore, the registration number of red car must be 2785 and the registration number of grey car can be 3350 or 3305.

*Answer can only contain numeric values
Test: CAT Logical Reasoning & Data Interpretation- 4 - Question 5

How many cars have a registration number with either of the middle two digits same as either of the extreme two digits?


Detailed Solution for Test: CAT Logical Reasoning & Data Interpretation- 4 - Question 5

It is given that the registration number of white car has less than 3 different digits. It cannot have only one digit (since no digit occurs 4 times). Hence, the registration number of white car must be a multiple of 5 (i.e. end in a 0 or a 5) and have 2 different digits, i.e. be of the form (aaab/abbb) OR (aabb). Hence, 3a + b = 8 (for which the only possibility is a = 1 and b = 5, since 0 appears only twice) or 2a + 2b = 8 (for which there is no possibility, since 4 does not appear even once and at least one of a and b must be 0 or 5). Hence, only 1115 is possible.
The registration number of white car is exactly a factor of the registration number of black car or we can say that the registration number of black car is a multiple of the registration number of white car. Multiples of 1115 with four digits are 2230, 3345, 4460, 5575, 6690, 7805 and 8920. Of these, only 6690 is possible (8920 and 7805 are not possible because the registration number of red car should have three digits, which are not in anyone else's registration number, i.e. the registration number of red car should have three digits out of 2, 7, 8 and 9).
Since 9 is present in the registration number of black car, red car's registration number should contain 2, 7, 8 and 5/0. The registration number of grey car will have the digits 3, 3, 5 and 5/0, but if there are two 5s in the registration number of grey car, it will not have at least three distinct digits. Hence, the registration number of grey car will have the digits 3, 3, 5 and 0 and the registration number of red car will be either 2785 or 2875.
From (5), 2785 + 500 = 3285 and 2875 + 500 = 3375. The registration number of grey car should lie between 3285 and 3475. The only possible values of the registration number of grey car are 3350 and 3305. Since both these values are less than 3375, the registration number of red car cannot be 2875. Therefore, the registration number of red car must be 2785 and the registration number of grey car can be 3350 or 3305.

Only in the case of Red car (Registration number: 2785) , neither of the middle 2 digits is the same as either of the extreme 2 digits.

*Answer can only contain numeric values
Test: CAT Logical Reasoning & Data Interpretation- 4 - Question 6

Based on the given information, the least number of volunteers involved in both the FR and TR projects but not in the ER project is __________.


Detailed Solution for Test: CAT Logical Reasoning & Data Interpretation- 4 - Question 6
  • A total of 17 volunteers are involved in the TR project and 10 in TR are also involved in other projects. Thus, 7 volunteers are involved only in TR.
  • The number of volunteers involved in the TR project alone is one less than the number of volunteers involved in the ER project alone. Eight volunteers are involved in ER alone.
  • The number of volunteers involved in the ER project alone is double the number of volunteers involved in all the three projects. So, 4 volunteers are involved in all the three projects.
  • Among them, the number of volunteers involved in the FR project alone is equal to the number of volunteers having involvement in the ER project alone. So, 8 volunteers are involved in FR alone.
  • Let number of volunteers involved in both TR and FR but not ER = a

Number of volunteers involved in both TR and ER but not FR = b
a + b + 4 = 10
a + b = 6
Let number of volunteers involved in both FR and ER but not TR = x
Total = 17 + x + 8 + 8 = 37
x = 4
Consider the Venn diagram shown below:

Number of volunteers involved in FR > Number of volunteers involved in TR
Number of volunteers involved in FR > Number of volunteers involved in ER
∴ 16 + a > 17 and 16 + a > 16 + b or a > b
∴ a and b can be (6, 0), (5, 1), or (4, 2).
Least number of volunteers involved in both the FR and TR projects but not in the ER project = Least value of a = 4

Test: CAT Logical Reasoning & Data Interpretation- 4 - Question 7

Which of the following additional pieces of information would enable to find the exact number of volunteers involved in the various projects?

Detailed Solution for Test: CAT Logical Reasoning & Data Interpretation- 4 - Question 7
  • A total of 17 volunteers are involved in the TR project and 10 in TR are also involved in other projects. Thus, 7 volunteers are involved only in TR.
  • The number of volunteers involved in the TR project alone is one less than the number of volunteers involved in the ER project alone. Eight volunteers are involved in ER alone.
  • The number of volunteers involved in the ER project alone is double the number of volunteers involved in all the three projects. So, 4 volunteers are involved in all the three projects.
  • Among them, the number of volunteers involved in the FR project alone is equal to the number of volunteers having involvement in the ER project alone. So, 8 volunteers are involved in FR alone.
  • Let number of volunteers involved in both TR and FR but not ER = a

Number of volunteers involved in both TR and ER but not FR = b
a + b + 4 = 10
a + b = 6
Let number of volunteers involved in both FR and ER but not TR = x
Total = 17 + x + 8 + 8 = 37
x = 4
Consider the Venn diagram shown below:

We can obtain the information in options 2 and 3 from the data given in the passage.
The information in option 1 will give us the value of a, which in turn will give us the value of b. Thus, option 1 would enable us to find the exact number of volunteers involved in the various projects.

Test: CAT Logical Reasoning & Data Interpretation- 4 - Question 8

Which of the following statements necessarily follows after this rearrangement?

Detailed Solution for Test: CAT Logical Reasoning & Data Interpretation- 4 - Question 8
  • A total of 17 volunteers are involved in the TR project and 10 in TR are also involved in other projects. Thus, 7 volunteers are involved only in TR.
  • The number of volunteers involved in the TR project alone is one less than the number of volunteers involved in the ER project alone. Eight volunteers are involved in ER alone.
  • The number of volunteers involved in the ER project alone is double the number of volunteers involved in all the three projects. So, 4 volunteers are involved in all the three projects.
  • Among them, the number of volunteers involved in the FR project alone is equal to the number of volunteers having involvement in the ER project alone. So, 8 volunteers are involved in FR alone.
  • Let number of volunteers involved in both TR and FR but not ER = a

Number of volunteers involved in both TR and ER but not FR = b
a + b + 4 = 10
a + b = 6
Let number of volunteers involved in both FR and ER but not TR = x
Total = 17 + x + 8 + 8 = 37
x = 4
Consider the Venn diagram shown below:

Number of volunteers involved in FR > Number of volunteers involved in ER
16 + a > 16 + b
a and b can be (6, 0), (5, 1), or (4, 2).
After the volunteers withdraw as mentioned, the number of volunteers working on different projects is as shown below:

After the volunteers withdraw as mentioned,

  • Number of volunteers working on TR = 7 + 6 + 3 = 16
  • Number of volunteers working on FR = 14 + a
  • Number of volunteers working on ER = 15 + b

From options:

1. The lowest number of volunteers is now in the TR project.
Incorrect: For b = 0, Number of volunteers working on ER = 15
2. More volunteers are now in the ER project as compared to the TR project.
Incorrect: For b = 0, Number of volunteers working on ER = 15
3. More volunteers are now in the TR project as compared to the ER project.
Incorrect: For b = 2, Number of volunteers working on ER = 17
4. More volunteers are now in the FR project as compared to the ER project.
Correct for all possible value of a and b: 14 + a > 15 + b
(a, b) = (6, 0), (5, 1), (4, 2)
∴ More volunteers are now in FR than in ER.
Therefore, option 4 is the correct answer.

Test: CAT Logical Reasoning & Data Interpretation- 4 - Question 9

Which of the projects now has the highest number of volunteers?

Detailed Solution for Test: CAT Logical Reasoning & Data Interpretation- 4 - Question 9
  • A total of 17 volunteers are involved in the TR project and 10 in TR are also involved in other projects. Thus, 7 volunteers are involved only in TR.
  • The number of volunteers involved in the TR project alone is one less than the number of volunteers involved in the ER project alone. Eight volunteers are involved in ER alone.
  • The number of volunteers involved in the ER project alone is double the number of volunteers involved in all the three projects. So, 4 volunteers are involved in all the three projects.
  • Among them, the number of volunteers involved in the FR project alone is equal to the number of volunteers having involvement in the ER project alone. So, 8 volunteers are involved in FR alone.
  • Let number of volunteers involved in both TR and FR but not ER = a

Number of volunteers involved in both TR and ER but not FR = b
a + b + 4 = 10
a + b = 6
Let number of volunteers involved in both FR and ER but not TR = x
Total = 17 + x + 8 + 8 = 37
x = 4
Consider the Venn diagram shown below:

Let m volunteers be added to the TR project and n be added to each of the FR and ER projects.
Then, 7 + m = 8 + n
m = n + 1
Also, b + 2 = 5
∴ b = 3 and a = 3
Number of volunteers working on TR = 7 + n + 1 + 4 + 5 = 17 + n
Number of volunteers working on FR = 17 + n
Number of volunteers working on ER = 18 + n
Thus, ER has the highest number of volunteers.
Hence, option 4 is the correct choice.

Test: CAT Logical Reasoning & Data Interpretation- 4 - Question 10

Which of the following is true?

Detailed Solution for Test: CAT Logical Reasoning & Data Interpretation- 4 - Question 10
  • A total of 17 volunteers are involved in the TR project and 10 in TR are also involved in other projects. Thus, 7 volunteers are involved only in TR.
  • The number of volunteers involved in the TR project alone is one less than the number of volunteers involved in the ER project alone. Eight volunteers are involved in ER alone.
  • The number of volunteers involved in the ER project alone is double the number of volunteers involved in all the three projects. So, 4 volunteers are involved in all the three projects.
  • Among them, the number of volunteers involved in the FR project alone is equal to the number of volunteers having involvement in the ER project alone. So, 8 volunteers are involved in FR alone.
  • Let number of volunteers involved in both TR and FR but not ER = a

Number of volunteers involved in both TR and ER but not FR = b
a + b + 4 = 10
a + b = 6
Let number of volunteers involved in both FR and ER but not TR = x
Total = 17 + x + 8 + 8 = 37
x = 4
Consider the Venn diagram shown below:

Number of volunteers involved in FR > Number of volunteers involved in TR
Number of volunteers involved in FR > Number of volunteers involved in ER
∴ 16 + a > 17 and 16 + a > 16 + b or a > b
∴ a and b can be (6, 0), (5, 1), or (4, 2).
Maximum number of volunteers involved in both the FR and TR projects but not in the ER project = Maximum value of b = 2

Maximum total number of volunteers involved in ER = 2 + 4 + 4 + 8 = 18

Test: CAT Logical Reasoning & Data Interpretation- 4 - Question 11

What is the total of the books on shelves 7 and 3?

Detailed Solution for Test: CAT Logical Reasoning & Data Interpretation- 4 - Question 11

Shelf P contains even numbered books.
At least five shelves are below P.
There are three shelves between shelves M and P.

The total number of books on shelves P and Q is 28.
Therefore, Q contains even numbered books.
Shelf O has 15 books and is below M.
Q is either immediately below O or immediately above M.
Since Q has even numbered books, it cannot be immediately above M.

Shelf R is below M but not below Q. This cannot be true in cases (I) and (II-a).
There are two shelves between M and the shelf which contains 23 books.

P contains one more book than shelf 2.
Shelf T contains even numbered books and is not below R.
The total number of books on shelves 2, 8 and 6 is 73.

Shelf N contains odd numbered books which are less than 30.
Shelf S contains 3 less books than shelf 8.
This cannot be true in case (II-c).
Q contains the least number of books which is a multiple of 3.
Each shelf contains more than 10 books.
The number of books on shelf U is odd.

The difference between the number of books on Q and on T is 12.
The difference between the number of books on M and on R is 1.
The total number of books on shelves 5 and R is 55.

The final arrangement is thus as shown above.
From the above arrangement, it is evident that the total of the books on shelves 7 and 3 is 44.
Hence, answer option 2 is correct.

Test: CAT Logical Reasoning & Data Interpretation- 4 - Question 12

Which among the following shelves contains the most number of books?

Detailed Solution for Test: CAT Logical Reasoning & Data Interpretation- 4 - Question 12

Shelf P contains even numbered books.
At least five shelves are below P.
There are three shelves between shelves M and P.

The total number of books on shelves P and Q is 28.
Therefore, Q contains even numbered books.
Shelf O has 15 books and is below M.
Q is either immediately below O or immediately above M.
Since Q has even numbered books, it cannot be immediately above M.

Shelf R is below M but not below Q. This cannot be true in cases (I) and (II-a).
There are two shelves between M and the shelf which contains 23 books.

P contains one more book than shelf 2.
Shelf T contains even numbered books and is not below R.
The total number of books on shelves 2, 8 and 6 is 73.

Shelf N contains odd numbered books which are less than 30.
Shelf S contains 3 less books than shelf 8.
This cannot be true in case (II-c).
Q contains the least number of books which is a multiple of 3.
Each shelf contains more than 10 books.
The number of books on shelf U is odd.

The difference between the number of books on Q and on T is 12.
The difference between the number of books on M and on R is 1.
The total number of books on shelves 5 and R is 55.

The final arrangement is thus as shown above.
From the above table it is evident that out of the given shelves, shelf U contains the most number of books.
Hence, answer option 4 is correct.

Test: CAT Logical Reasoning & Data Interpretation- 4 - Question 13

Find the odd one out.

Detailed Solution for Test: CAT Logical Reasoning & Data Interpretation- 4 - Question 13

Shelf P contains even numbered books.
At least five shelves are below P.
There are three shelves between shelves M and P.

The total number of books on shelves P and Q is 28.
Therefore, Q contains even numbered books.
Shelf O has 15 books and is below M.
Q is either immediately below O or immediately above M.
Since Q has even numbered books, it cannot be immediately above M.

Shelf R is below M but not below Q. This cannot be true in cases (I) and (II-a).
There are two shelves between M and the shelf which contains 23 books.

P contains one more book than shelf 2.
Shelf T contains even numbered books and is not below R.
The total number of books on shelves 2, 8 and 6 is 73.

Shelf N contains odd numbered books which are less than 30.
Shelf S contains 3 less books than shelf 8.
This cannot be true in case (II-c).
Q contains the least number of books which is a multiple of 3.
Each shelf contains more than 10 books.
The number of books on shelf U is odd.

The difference between the number of books on Q and on T is 12.
The difference between the number of books on M and on R is 1.
The total number of books on shelves 5 and R is 55.

The final arrangement is thus as shown above.
From the above given table it is evident that except R, all the other shelves are odd numbered and contain an even number of books.
Hence, answer option 3 is correct.

Test: CAT Logical Reasoning & Data Interpretation- 4 - Question 14

How many shelves are there between shelves T and 6?

Detailed Solution for Test: CAT Logical Reasoning & Data Interpretation- 4 - Question 14

Shelf P contains even numbered books.
At least five shelves are below P.
There are three shelves between shelves M and P.

The total number of books on shelves P and Q is 28.
Therefore, Q contains even numbered books.
Shelf O has 15 books and is below M.
Q is either immediately below O or immediately above M.
Since Q has even numbered books, it cannot be immediately above M.

Shelf R is below M but not below Q. This cannot be true in cases (I) and (II-a).
There are two shelves between M and the shelf which contains 23 books.

P contains one more book than shelf 2.
Shelf T contains even numbered books and is not below R.
The total number of books on shelves 2, 8 and 6 is 73.

Shelf N contains odd numbered books which are less than 30.
Shelf S contains 3 less books than shelf 8.
This cannot be true in case (II-c).
Q contains the least number of books which is a multiple of 3.
Each shelf contains more than 10 books.
The number of books on shelf U is odd.

The difference between the number of books on Q and on T is 12.
The difference between the number of books on M and on R is 1.
The total number of books on shelves 5 and R is 55.

The final arrangement is thus as shown above.
From the above table it is evident that there is no shelf between shelves T and 6.
Hence, answer option 1 is correct.

Test: CAT Logical Reasoning & Data Interpretation- 4 - Question 15

How many shelves are there below shelf M?

Detailed Solution for Test: CAT Logical Reasoning & Data Interpretation- 4 - Question 15

Shelf P contains even numbered books.
At least five shelves are below P.
There are three shelves between shelves M and P.

The total number of books on shelves P and Q is 28.
Therefore, Q contains even numbered books.
Shelf O has 15 books and is below M.
Q is either immediately below O or immediately above M.
Since Q has even numbered books, it cannot be immediately above M.

Shelf R is below M but not below Q. This cannot be true in cases (I) and (II-a).
There are two shelves between M and the shelf which contains 23 books.

P contains one more book than shelf 2.
Shelf T contains even numbered books and is not below R.
The total number of books on shelves 2, 8 and 6 is 73.

Shelf N contains odd numbered books which are less than 30.
Shelf S contains 3 less books than shelf 8.
This cannot be true in case (II-c).
Q contains the least number of books which is a multiple of 3.
Each shelf contains more than 10 books.
The number of books on shelf U is odd.

The difference between the number of books on Q and on T is 12.
The difference between the number of books on M and on R is 1.
The total number of books on shelves 5 and R is 55.

The final arrangement is thus as shown above.
From the above given table it is evident that there are four shelves below shelf M.
Hence, answer option 2 is correct.

Test: CAT Logical Reasoning & Data Interpretation- 4 - Question 16

Who among the following is from college X?

Detailed Solution for Test: CAT Logical Reasoning & Data Interpretation- 4 - Question 16

Number of students from college Y and Z are same. H is from college Y. E is from college Z. According to this information the following table is obtained.

D won medal in 200 m race event and he is not from college Y. No student from college Z has won medal in 200 m race event. Student from each college has won medal in 100 m race event. C is not from college Z nor he has won medal in 100 m race event. According to this the following table is obtained.

Number of students who won medals in 100 m race event is more than the number of students who won medals in 400 m race event. D and G are not from same college. All the medals of 400 m race event are won by students of same college. A and G won medals in same race event but they are not from same college. C is not from college Z nor he has won medal in 100 m race event. According to this the final table is shown below.

A is from college X.

Test: CAT Logical Reasoning & Data Interpretation- 4 - Question 17

Which of the following is a pair of students who are not from same college and neither have they won medals in the same race event?

Detailed Solution for Test: CAT Logical Reasoning & Data Interpretation- 4 - Question 17

Number of students from college Y and Z are same. H is from college Y. E is from college Z. According to this information the following table is obtained.

D won medal in 200 m race event and he is not from college Y. No student from college Z has won medal in 200 m race event. Student from each college has won medal in 100 m race event. C is not from college Z nor he has won medal in 100 m race event. According to this the following table is obtained.

Number of students who won medals in 100 m race event is more than the number of students who won medals in 400 m race event. D and G are not from same college. All the medals of 400 m race event are won by students of same college. A and G won medals in same race event but they are not from same college. C is not from college Z nor he has won medal in 100 m race event. According to this the final table is shown below.

B is from college Z and has won medal in 400 m race whereas C is from college Y and won medal in 200 m race event.

Test: CAT Logical Reasoning & Data Interpretation- 4 - Question 18

Which of the following statements is correct?

Detailed Solution for Test: CAT Logical Reasoning & Data Interpretation- 4 - Question 18

Number of students from college Y and Z are same. H is from college Y. E is from college Z. According to this information the following table is obtained.

D won medal in 200 m race event and he is not from college Y. No student from college Z has won medal in 200 m race event. Student from each college has won medal in 100 m race event. C is not from college Z nor he has won medal in 100 m race event. According to this the following table is obtained.

Number of students who won medals in 100 m race event is more than the number of students who won medals in 400 m race event. D and G are not from same college. All the medals of 400 m race event are won by students of same college. A and G won medals in same race event but they are not from same college. C is not from college Z nor he has won medal in 100 m race event. According to this the final table is shown below.

F won medal in 400 m race event.

Test: CAT Logical Reasoning & Data Interpretation- 4 - Question 19

Which of the following statements is correct?
1. H and G are from same College.
2. D and H are from same College.
3. E and G are from same College.
4. A and E are from same College.

Detailed Solution for Test: CAT Logical Reasoning & Data Interpretation- 4 - Question 19

Number of students from college Y and Z are same. H is from college Y. E is from college Z. According to this information the following table is obtained.

D won medal in 200 m race event and he is not from college Y. No student from college Z has won medal in 200 m race event. Student from each college has won medal in 100 m race event. C is not from college Z nor he has won medal in 100 m race event. According to this the following table is obtained.

Number of students who won medals in 100 m race event is more than the number of students who won medals in 400 m race event. D and G are not from same college. All the medals of 400 m race event are won by students of same college. A and G won medals in same race event but they are not from same college. C is not from college Z nor he has won medal in 100 m race event. According to this the final table is shown below.

H and G are from same college.

Test: CAT Logical Reasoning & Data Interpretation- 4 - Question 20

How many students from college Y won 200 m race?

Detailed Solution for Test: CAT Logical Reasoning & Data Interpretation- 4 - Question 20
  1. Identify the number of students from each college:

    • Let’s denote the number of students from each college as:
      • X: a
      • Y: b
      • Z: c
    • Since students from Y and Z are equal: b = c.
  2. Determine the students' colleges:

    • H is from Y (b = c, H = Y).
    • E is from Z (E = Z).
    • C is not from Z (C ≠ Z).
    • D is not from Y (D ≠ Y).
    • D won the 200 m race.
    • No student from Z won the 200 m race (D ≠ Z).
  3. Assign students to events:

    • C is not in the 100 m race (C ≠ 100 m).
    • All 400 m medals are won by students from the same college.
    • Number of students in 100 m > Number of students in 400 m.
    • Each college has at least one student in the 100 m race.
  4. College-specific event participation:

    • Let’s consider the medals:
      • 100 m: Minimum 3 students (one from each college), hence possibly 3 or more.
      • 200 m: Minimum 1 (D) + up to 2 more, but not from Z.
      • 400 m: All from one college, but fewer than 100 m participants.
  5. Given constraints imply:

    • D (200 m) is from either X or Z, but since no student from Z can participate in 200 m, D must be from X.
    • E (Z) didn't win in the 400 m, so E must be in 100 m.
    • At least one student from each college in 100 m: Assume E (Z), and at least 1 from X and 1 from Y.
    • Since Z can't participate in 200 m, the remaining must be assigned 100 m or 400 m for students in Z.
  6. Specific Event and College Assignments:

    • Since D (X, 200 m), not from Y, and Z not in 200 m.
    • All 400 m from one college, implying the rest from Z or some from X/Y in 400 m.
    • H (Y, 100 m or 200 m, but not 400 m).

Conclusion:

After analysis, if D (X) is in the 200 m race and no students from Z in the 200 m, then the only possibility for college Y in 200 m (given constraints) is exactly 1.

Thus, the number of students from college Y who won the 200 m race is: 0.

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