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Test: CAT Verbal & Reading Comprehension- 5 - CAT MCQ


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24 Questions MCQ Test CAT Mock Test Series 2024 - Test: CAT Verbal & Reading Comprehension- 5

Test: CAT Verbal & Reading Comprehension- 5 for CAT 2024 is part of CAT Mock Test Series 2024 preparation. The Test: CAT Verbal & Reading Comprehension- 5 questions and answers have been prepared according to the CAT exam syllabus.The Test: CAT Verbal & Reading Comprehension- 5 MCQs are made for CAT 2024 Exam. Find important definitions, questions, notes, meanings, examples, exercises, MCQs and online tests for Test: CAT Verbal & Reading Comprehension- 5 below.
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Test: CAT Verbal & Reading Comprehension- 5 - Question 1

Which of these is an example of Negative punishment?

Detailed Solution for Test: CAT Verbal & Reading Comprehension- 5 - Question 1

Options 1 and 3 have a positive connotation attached to them, thus they cannot be associated with negative punishment.
Option 4 is more of a verbal warning rather than an example of negative punishment.
The first lines of the passage states that negative punishment is “the removal of something valued, which can take the form of revoking privileges or playing time.” This validates option 2.
Hence, the correct answer is option 2.

Test: CAT Verbal & Reading Comprehension- 5 - Question 2

“An achievement-based reason to be motivated” implies: 

Detailed Solution for Test: CAT Verbal & Reading Comprehension- 5 - Question 2

Option 1 implies attempting to achieve a goal that is yet to be fulfilled.
Otion 2 cannot be corroborated from the passage.
The last paragraph talks about goal-setting. If the motivation is based on achievement, then we could imply that the end result is in fact the achievement itself. Thus, option 3 is contextually correct and option 4 is eliminated.
Hence, the correct answer is option 3.

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Test: CAT Verbal & Reading Comprehension- 5 - Question 3

“find a reason to do something or you may not be motivated to do it.”

From the above we can assume that:

A. If there is no purpose, one is not motivated.
B. If there is purpose, one is likely to be motivated

Detailed Solution for Test: CAT Verbal & Reading Comprehension- 5 - Question 3

The presence of "may" in the quoted text indicates a probable outcome. Statement A with "not" does not present a scope for this "possibility". So, we rule out statement A.
Statement B with “it is likely” is apt.
Hence, the correct answer is option 2.

Test: CAT Verbal & Reading Comprehension- 5 - Question 4

Cognitive stability is:

Detailed Solution for Test: CAT Verbal & Reading Comprehension- 5 - Question 4

The passage says, “cognitive flexibility (our ability to adjust to behavior in response to a changing environment) and cognitive stability (our ability to change behavior in the face of distraction).” The word “distraction” is the cue for the answer.
Options 2 and 4 can be eliminated since they talk about cognitive flexibility.
Option 3 with “rationality” and “all situations” is a generic description of our cognitive abilities.
Option 1 with “disturbances” is apt.
Hence, the correct answer is option 1.

Test: CAT Verbal & Reading Comprehension- 5 - Question 5

Which of these is true about Brandon Turley? 

Detailed Solution for Test: CAT Verbal & Reading Comprehension- 5 - Question 5

Option 1 cannot be corroborated from the passage.
Option 2 is contrary to what is stated in the passage which mentions that Brandon was a victim of cyber bullying.
We cannot say Brandon was reserved as he was new to school and did not know anyone. Hence, option 4 cannot be inferred.
Option 3 is appropriate. It is clearly stated that Brandon “recently switched to his school”.
Hence, the correct answer is option 3.

Test: CAT Verbal & Reading Comprehension- 5 - Question 6

Thomas J. Holt, looks at cyber bullying as: 

Detailed Solution for Test: CAT Verbal & Reading Comprehension- 5 - Question 6

According to the passage cyber bullying results in students
not wanting to go to school. However, this practice being a hinderance to the education system cannot be corroborated.
The stats provided in the passage bring out the seriousness of cyber bullying. Hence, referringto it as “a minor offence” would be undermining the intensity of this issue. Thus, option 3 can be eliminated and option 2 can be logically deduced.
Option 4 with “bane of technology” is not a reflection of what the passage talks in general and definitely not a reflection of Holt’s views.
Hence, the correct answer is option 2.

Test: CAT Verbal & Reading Comprehension- 5 - Question 7

According to the passage, a bully can:

A. severely impact the life of the ones being bullied

B. face severe mental health issues himself/herself

Detailed Solution for Test: CAT Verbal & Reading Comprehension- 5 - Question 7

Statement A is supported by the passage which talks about bullying affecting a person’s mental and physical health, and over all development. This validates statement A. Statement B is supported by the last paragraph which talks about the bully himself or herself being susceptible to antisocial personality disorder. Thus, statement B is validated.
Hence, the correct answer is option 3.

Test: CAT Verbal & Reading Comprehension- 5 - Question 8

"The data on the subject of bullying seems to be similar between the two countries (Singapore and USA)” From the above sentence we can assume that:

Detailed Solution for Test: CAT Verbal & Reading Comprehension- 5 - Question 8

The quoted text is not talking about the presence or absence of cultural differences. Hence, options 1 and 2 can be ruled out.
Option 4 specifically talks about cyber bullying while the quoted text refers to the subject of “Bullying”.
Option 3 is a fair assumption. If data on bullying is similar in the two countries, it could be assumed that bullying is not a phenomenon existing in one country or place alone but is a global challenge.
Hence, the correct answer is option 3.

Test: CAT Verbal & Reading Comprehension- 5 - Question 9

According to the author, which of the following best states the difference between the two kinds of socialists?

Detailed Solution for Test: CAT Verbal & Reading Comprehension- 5 - Question 9

1. Incorrect. This is not what the passage points to as the main difference. Both were thinkers.
2. Incorrect. Both have definite policies - one kind wants a gradual change, the other one wants a revolutionary change.
3. Correct. It can be answered from the first paragraph, "... would be applied to an entire country by the multiplication of such self-acting units ... revolutionary socialists, propose to themselves a much bolder stroke," and from the second paragraph, "Nevertheless, this scheme has great elements of popularity ... realised in their own time and at a blow."
4. Incorrect. While we know that one kind had their origins in the Great Britain, they were more influenced by the continent - "The other class, who are more a product of the Continent than of Great Britain ...". We don't know whether one of these belonged to Russia.

Test: CAT Verbal & Reading Comprehension- 5 - Question 10

Which one of the following statements best describes the philosophy of revolutionary socialism?

Detailed Solution for Test: CAT Verbal & Reading Comprehension- 5 - Question 10

1. Incorrect. This is rather the philosophy of the other kind.
2. Correct. "Their scheme is the management of the whole productive resources of the country by one central authority, the general government." So, option 2 is correct.
3. Incorrect. This is not stated in the passage as a philosophy.
4. Incorrect. This is something opposite to what is stated in the passage. Socialists of both kinds believe that some central authority should take possession, not the people.

Test: CAT Verbal & Reading Comprehension- 5 - Question 11

None of the following differences between the two kinds of socialism can be inferred from the passage EXCEPT that:

Detailed Solution for Test: CAT Verbal & Reading Comprehension- 5 - Question 11

1. Correct. The first line of the second paragraph answers the question: "Whatever be the difficulties of the first of these two forms of socialism, the second must evidently involve the same difficulties and many more." This means that the second has all of the problems that the first has and has more problems which the first might not even have. Thus, on an average the second has more problems than the first.
2. Incorrect. The second line, "The former, too, has the great advantage that ... by trial." just conveys about an advantage, but the passage does not mention which of the two has more advantages.
3. Incorrect. This is partly correct. The passage also states that the second one also has unique problems of its own, which won't be the same as the first one.
4. Incorrect. This is not stated in the passage and is therefore incorrect.

Test: CAT Verbal & Reading Comprehension- 5 - Question 12

“(Fans are) vociferous at the venue.” We can assume that: 

Detailed Solution for Test: CAT Verbal & Reading Comprehension- 5 - Question 12

If fans at the venue are vociferous (meaning: vocal or emphatic), we can assume that the fans are very passionate about the game. This validates option 2.
Option 1 is ruled out as it talks about the “number” of fans and not the “type”.
Option 3 is ruled out as it talks about “where” the fans like to watch a game.
Option 4 talk about fans liking the venue but does not explain why they would be vociferous.Only option 2 does that.
Hence, the correct answer is option 2.

Test: CAT Verbal & Reading Comprehension- 5 - Question 13

On the basis of the information provided in the passage, it can be most likely inferred that the author's sympathies are on

Detailed Solution for Test: CAT Verbal & Reading Comprehension- 5 - Question 13

From the passage it is apparent that the author is definitely in favour of socialism; however, it is not clear whether he is favouring one form over the other. He mentions about the difficulties faced by both ("Whatever be the difficulties ... involve the same difficulties and many more"). Then, he mentions the advantages of the first form ("The former, too, has the great advantage ... being also a means of reconstruction"). In the last sentence ("Nevertheless, this scheme has ... own time and at a blow"), he mentions about the popularity of the second scheme among a certain set of people. Therefore, it can be concluded that the form that the author favours is not apparent; however, it is certain that the author favours the philosophy of socialism.

Test: CAT Verbal & Reading Comprehension- 5 - Question 14

The passage talks about:

A. The dilution of cricket

B. The transformation of cricket fans

Detailed Solution for Test: CAT Verbal & Reading Comprehension- 5 - Question 14

The passage does not say that cricket as a game is being affected. It merely talks about the erosion of cricket culture and the poor experience of cricket watching. Hence, statement A can be ruled out.
Statement B is supported by - “There has been a marked transformation in the character of a cricket follower. The emphasis now is on entertainment and it explains why there is an unending surge at matches that promise a result.” Hence, the correct answer is option 2.

*Answer can only contain numeric values
Test: CAT Verbal & Reading Comprehension- 5 - Question 15

Directions: The four sentences (labelled 1, 2, 3 and 4) given in this question, when properly sequenced, form a coherent paragraph. Decide on the proper order for the sentences and key in this sequence of four numbers as your answer.

1. Sensuousness, which encompasses the whole range of physical delight, is often considered low as compared to heights the soul can reach.

2. When we feel sensations that are body-centred, like hunger and thirst, we don't regard them as spiritual experiences.

3. Maharishi inspired me to see that using meditation as a way to defeat aging was a legitimate spiritual goal.

4. But spirituality must also be sensuous because a spiritual person is the one who lives fully in the body.


Detailed Solution for Test: CAT Verbal & Reading Comprehension- 5 - Question 15

The correct sequence is 2143. Note that 3 has no direct link with any other statement. It is best to keep such statements at the end, because they could be a precursor to a divergence in the paragraph. The para jumble is about hazy differentiation between spirituality and sensuousness. Statement 2 starts the discussion by stating that sensations are not regarded as 'spiritual experiences'. Statement 1 follows by terming sensuousness as 'low'. Statement 4 follows Statement 1 by stating the contradiction/paradox. Having the 214 link, it is easy to offer the right answer.

Test: CAT Verbal & Reading Comprehension- 5 - Question 16

What can be concluded from the following - “Cricket watching is not a pleasure anymore.” ? 

Detailed Solution for Test: CAT Verbal & Reading Comprehension- 5 - Question 16

Though option 1 can be concluded partially, it misses out on the unpleasurable experience of watching cricket.
Option 2 does not reflect the essence of the passage and directly states what has already been mentioned in the passage.
Option 3 can be concluded as the passage suggests that the fans thronging the stadium do not come for the game but for their own publicity.
Thus, option 4 can be ruled out.
Hence, the correct answer is option 3.

*Answer can only contain numeric values
Test: CAT Verbal & Reading Comprehension- 5 - Question 17

Directions: The four sentences (labelled 1, 2, 3 and 4) given in this question, when properly sequenced, form a coherent paragraph. Decide on the proper order for the sentences and key in this sequence of four numbers as your answer.

1. Unless distributors down the line make money, industry will get a bad name.

2. While outside challenges may be difficult to handle, the industry will need to address the issues within.

3. The only way out is to bring in more affordable products for a bigger segment of the society.

4. So far, the growth has been through distributors, now it is cost that has to be brought down.


Detailed Solution for Test: CAT Verbal & Reading Comprehension- 5 - Question 17

Statement 1 poses a problem, 3 gives the only way out, giving us the 1-3 link. 4 mentioning 'distributors' and 'cost reduction' has to logically follow 1-3, giving us 1-3-4 sequence and 2-1-3-4 as the answer. 2 introduces the context.

Test: CAT Verbal & Reading Comprehension- 5 - Question 18

Which of the following weakens G.B Lai’s comments about cricket fans?

Detailed Solution for Test: CAT Verbal & Reading Comprehension- 5 - Question 18

The passage states - “quality” cricket in Patna and Calcutta but just can't come to terms with the modern IPL (Indian Premier League) cricket fan.
Option 1 talks about “modern cricket” and not the IPL. It can be ruled out.
Option 2 is actually a fact and strengthens what is mentioned in the passage.
Option 4 is too extreme and is a generic comment about “cricket”.
Option 3 is appropriate. If Lai is finding it difficult to “come to terms with” a modern day IPL fan, then option 3 directly contradicts that.
Hence, the correct answer is option 3.

*Answer can only contain numeric values
Test: CAT Verbal & Reading Comprehension- 5 - Question 19

Directions: The four sentences (labelled 1, 2, 3, and 4) below, when properly sequenced, would yield a coherent paragraph. Decide on the proper sequencing of the order of the sentences and key in the sequence of the four numbers as your answer.

1. The eardrum vibrates in response to a sound wave which, in turn, vibrates the three bones of the middle ear: the hammer, the anvil, and the stirrup.

2. The outer ear, which we can see ourselves, is cup shaped which allows it to gather sounds from the environment that are then directed down the ear canal.

3. Sound travels down the canal through an air cavity before reaching the eardrum.

4. The vibration is passed on to the inner ear - a snail-shaped structure consisting of fluid-filled chambers called the cochlea.


Detailed Solution for Test: CAT Verbal & Reading Comprehension- 5 - Question 19

The text describes how sound travels through the ear through its various internal structures. The first step of hearing is described in sentence 2 which states that it begins with the outer ear from where the sounds are directed towards "the ear canal". "The canal" in 3 refers to "the ear canal" first introduced in 2. Sentence 3 also ends with "the eardrum". The action of the eardrum is then explained in sentence 1 – that it "vibrates". "The vibration" (in sentence 4) generated by the eardrum (stated first in 1) is then passed on to the inner ear (stated in 4). So the correct order is 2314.

*Answer can only contain numeric values
Test: CAT Verbal & Reading Comprehension- 5 - Question 20

Five jumbled-up sentences, related to a topic, are given below. Four of them can be put together to form a coherent paragraph. Identify the odd one out and key in the number of the sentence as your answer.

1. Virtual reality (VR) creates immersive digital worlds, often indistinguishable from physical reality.

2. Advanced VR platforms allow for multiplayer interactions, creating shared virtual environments.

3. The technology's applications range from gaming and entertainment to advanced military training programs.

4. Augmented reality (AR), however, superimposes digital elements onto the real world, enhancing one's current perception of reality.

5. Despite the fun, prolonged usage of VR can sometimes lead to motion sickness due to the disconnect between visual perception and physical senses.


Detailed Solution for Test: CAT Verbal & Reading Comprehension- 5 - Question 20

Statements 1, 2, 3, and 5 focus on various facets of virtual reality, from its capabilities and applications to its side effects. Statement 4 introduces a different but related concept, augmented reality, which doesn't support the central topic focused exclusively on virtual reality.

*Answer can only contain numeric values
Test: CAT Verbal & Reading Comprehension- 5 - Question 21

Five jumbled-up sentences, related to a topic, are given below. Four of them can be put together to form a coherent paragraph. Identify the odd one out and key in the number of the sentence as your answer.

1. Climate change's repercussions are manifesting globally, evidenced by increased extreme weather events.

2. Ice caps are melting at an unprecedented rate, contributing to rising sea levels.

3. Addressing this requires a drastic reduction in greenhouse gas emissions and a shift towards sustainable practices.

4. Governments worldwide are grappling with economic challenges posed by necessary policy changes.

5. Deforestation continues unabated in many regions, further exacerbating the planet's ecological balance.


Detailed Solution for Test: CAT Verbal & Reading Comprehension- 5 - Question 21

Statements 1, 2, 3, and 5 are directly discussing the environmental impacts of climate change, the urgency of corrective actions, and specific issues like melting ice caps and deforestation. Statement 4, while related to climate change, shifts focus to the economic aspect and policy challenges faced by governments, which is a tangent from the ecological discussion present in the other statements.

Test: CAT Verbal & Reading Comprehension- 5 - Question 22

Directions: The passage given below is followed by four alternative summaries. Choose the option that best captures the essence of the passage.

Many addictions aim to increase arousal. This is the all-powerful feeling that might come from cocaine, amphetamines, the first few drinks of alcohol, shoplifting, video-games, or gambling. This omnipotent feeling, however, is eventually undermined when the addict realises that a dependency has been formed. A feeling of fear replaces the feeling of being all powerful - fear of losing the source of addiction and fear that others will find out how powerless the person actually is. Negative experiences always accompany the positive feelings the addict is seeking.

Detailed Solution for Test: CAT Verbal & Reading Comprehension- 5 - Question 22

1. Neither stimulation nor dependency is the intention; it is the sense of feeling all-powerful. This power may come through stimulation or arousal. The last sentence makes it clear that an addict seeks positive feelings, i.e. power.
2. True. An addict eventually comes to realise the falseness in the induced power by anything that stimulates. This eventually takes a toll on the addict, as the addict becomes fearful.
3. The author does not talk about the hidden potential of addictive substances.
4. It is not correct to say that a powerful person gets weakened by indulging in addictive substances. Instead, a person thinks that he has become powerful by indulging in addictive substances.

Test: CAT Verbal & Reading Comprehension- 5 - Question 23

Directions: The passage given below is followed by four alternative summaries. Choose the option that best captures the essence of the passage.

In self-conscious beings, we meet with a set of phenomena quite distinct from the physical or the vital or the merely conscious. Reflective mind is different from the unreflective mind of the infant or the animal. When the plain man protests that men are not to be confused with apes, he declares that however primitive man may be, he is still distinctly human. Man had been on earth for hundreds of thousands of years. Early specimens such as Pithecanthropus were dug up in Java and the skull of Eoanthropus was found at Piltdown. However strange and brutish they may seem, they were distinctly men. They not only used tools which were ready to hand, but made tools for their use. They had reason which was distinct from instinct, however highly developed the latter may be.

Detailed Solution for Test: CAT Verbal & Reading Comprehension- 5 - Question 23

1. The last sentence makes it clear that both animals and humans possess instinct. However, this is a fact and not the essence of the paragraph given.
2. This cannot be said from the given paragraph.
3. True, this is what the author wants to say. According to the author, even the primitive man was 'distinctly' human, and he had made tools for his use. This shows that author has kept man at a higher pedestal than animals.
4. This cannot be said from the given paragraph.

Test: CAT Verbal & Reading Comprehension- 5 - Question 24

Directions: The passage given below is followed by four alternative summaries. Choose the option that best captures the essence of the passage.

It is important to examine the attitudes towards women before divulging into the roles in which they existed. While the overall religious and societal context of late antiquity has been discussed, the societal perception of the concept of womanhood or femininity ought to be discussed in its own right. One ought to look for sentiments regarding women held throughout the empire by investigating their portrayal in various historian accounts as well as ecclesiastical writings.

Detailed Solution for Test: CAT Verbal & Reading Comprehension- 5 - Question 24

The passage is stressing upon the need to analyse perception towards women before debating what roles they played. It will give us a general idea about them and also how different religions viewed them.
(1) - 'More important' is neither mentioned nor inferable. 'A simple analysis of attitudes is needed' is what is mentioned rather than them playing a more important role than previously thought of.
(2) - This accurately captures the essence as evident from the explanation. 'Other aspect' refers to 'debating' about the roles in which they existed.
(3) - Again, no such comparison between documents and oral comments is either made or inferable.
(4) - No such comparison between the importance of analysing attitudes over analysis of the roles is being made. The author simply mentions that it is important to know about perceptions, rather than it being more important.

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