CAT Exam  >  CAT Tests  >  XAT Mock Test Series 2025  >  XAT Verbal And Logical Ability MCQ Quiz - 2 - CAT MCQ

XAT Verbal And Logical Ability MCQ Quiz - 2 - CAT MCQ


Test Description

26 Questions MCQ Test XAT Mock Test Series 2025 - XAT Verbal And Logical Ability MCQ Quiz - 2

XAT Verbal And Logical Ability MCQ Quiz - 2 for CAT 2024 is part of XAT Mock Test Series 2025 preparation. The XAT Verbal And Logical Ability MCQ Quiz - 2 questions and answers have been prepared according to the CAT exam syllabus.The XAT Verbal And Logical Ability MCQ Quiz - 2 MCQs are made for CAT 2024 Exam. Find important definitions, questions, notes, meanings, examples, exercises, MCQs and online tests for XAT Verbal And Logical Ability MCQ Quiz - 2 below.
Solutions of XAT Verbal And Logical Ability MCQ Quiz - 2 questions in English are available as part of our XAT Mock Test Series 2025 for CAT & XAT Verbal And Logical Ability MCQ Quiz - 2 solutions in Hindi for XAT Mock Test Series 2025 course. Download more important topics, notes, lectures and mock test series for CAT Exam by signing up for free. Attempt XAT Verbal And Logical Ability MCQ Quiz - 2 | 26 questions in 55 minutes | Mock test for CAT preparation | Free important questions MCQ to study XAT Mock Test Series 2025 for CAT Exam | Download free PDF with solutions
1 Crore+ students have signed up on EduRev. Have you? Download the App
XAT Verbal And Logical Ability MCQ Quiz - 2 - Question 1

Group Question

A passage is followed by questions pertaining to the passage. Read the passage and answer the questions. Choose the most appropriate answer.

The Indian student community sees an MBA as the next step in their education that must ideally be completed before embarking on a ‘job-life’. This is evident from the fact that 80 per cent of Common Aptitude Test (CAT) applicants are freshers or students in their penultimate year of graduation. An MBA degree by its very nature is the education given to people with work experience to further enhance their management skills. It is simply inconceivable that a student who has never spent a day in office before will be able to comprehend, analyse and resolve the issues and challenges of everyday management simply because he has successfully passed his exams and acquired his MBA. This is precisely the reason why all the B-schools abroad compulsorily require two to five years of work experience as a pre-requisite to their admission process. Tragically though, in India, most B-schools (including IIMs) admit approximately 50 per cent to 70 per cent freshers into their course every year.
Another major shortcoming is the seeming lack of focus towards promoting entrepreneurship. The reason for this can be attributed to the commercialisation of management training. Management training in India is ‘sold’ not ‘imparted’. B-schools harp on their ability to get the best placements available in the market for their students. This factor is directly responsible for the exorbitant fees B- schools impudently charge students. The adverse effect of this practice is that most of the students who seek an MBA degree do so for the placements their B-school provides. As such, very few students actually comprehend the real scope and purpose of an MBA degree and consider alternative avenues such as entrepreneurship. It is heartening to see that top B-schools like the IIMs have been promoting and encouraging entrepreneurial ventures from a long time. Approximately, 30 to 50 per cent of the graduates of IIM Ahmedabad start their own ventures after the end of their course. However, this shift needs to be effected in all the B- schools.

 

Q. Choose the word which can appropriately replace the word ‘heartening’ used in the passage

Detailed Solution for XAT Verbal And Logical Ability MCQ Quiz - 2 - Question 1

The passage states, ‘It is heartening to see that top B- schools like the IIMs have been promoting and encouraging entrepreneurial ventures’. Here the word, “heartening” is used in the context of being ‘a solace’, ‘a consolation’. ‘Inspiring’ would be too strong a word to use to replace “hearterning” contextually.
Hence, the correct answer is option 3.

XAT Verbal And Logical Ability MCQ Quiz - 2 - Question 2

The Indian student community sees an MBA as the next step in their education that must ideally be completed before embarking on a ‘job-life’. This is evident from the fact that 80 per cent of Common Aptitude Test (CAT) applicants are freshers or students in their penultimate year of graduation. An MBA degree by its very nature is the education given to people with work experience to further enhance their management skills. It is simply inconceivable that a student who has never spent a day in office before will be able to comprehend, analyse and resolve the issues and challenges of everyday management simply because he has successfully passed his exams and acquired his MBA. This is precisely the reason why all the B-schools abroad compulsorily require two to five years of work experience as a pre-requisite to their admission process. Tragically though, in India, most B-schools (including IIMs) admit approximately 50 per cent to 70 per cent freshers into their course every year.
Another major shortcoming is the seeming lack of focus towards promoting entrepreneurship. The reason for this can be attributed to the commercialisation of management training. Management training in India is ‘sold’ not ‘imparted’. B-schools harp on their ability to get the best placements available in the market for their students. This factor is directly responsible for the exorbitant fees B- schools impudently charge students. The adverse effect of this practice is that most of the students who seek an MBA degree do so for the placements their B-school provides. As such, very few students actually comprehend the real scope and purpose of an MBA degree and consider alternative avenues such as entrepreneurship. It is heartening to see that top B-schools like the IIMs have been promoting and encouraging entrepreneurial ventures from a long time. Approximately, 30 to 50 per cent of the graduates of IIM Ahmedabad start their own ventures after the end of their course. However, this shift needs to be effected in all the B- schools.

 

Q. According to the author, why is work experience important for a person to get into a B-school?

Detailed Solution for XAT Verbal And Logical Ability MCQ Quiz - 2 - Question 2

The main idea behind the author advocating work experience for MBA is that a person who has not seen the real working of a corporate and has got just theoretical knowledge is ill equipped to handle the real world business situations.
Option 1 generalizes to ‘everyday life’ instead of limiting to ‘management and business situations’.
Options 2, 4 and 5 do not address the question stem directly or state the core reason. Therefore, they can be eliminated.
Option 3 takes care of the fundamental reason that the author has stated. It does not just advocates the cause, it also gives a reason why its (work experience) absence can be a problem.
Hence, the correct answer is option 3.

XAT Verbal And Logical Ability MCQ Quiz - 2 - Question 3

Group Question

The passage given below is followed by a set of questions. Choose the most appropriate answer to each question.

On one visit I walked out to Mitchell’s studio to look at a painting. I liked the painting very much and thought there was no problem with the way I looked at it. It was what it was, shapes and colors, white and blue. Then I was told by Joan or someone else that it referred to the landscape here in Vetheuil, specifically to cornflowers. Whatever I had known or not known about painting before, this was a surprise to me, even a shock. Apparently I had not known that an abstract painting could contain references to subject matter. Two things happened at once: the painting abruptly went beyond itself, lost its solitariness, acquired a relationship to fields, to flowers; and it changed from something I understood into something I did not understand, a mystery, a problem.

 

Q. Which of the following is the closest to the narrator’s earlier perspective on abstract art?

Detailed Solution for XAT Verbal And Logical Ability MCQ Quiz - 2 - Question 3

The narrator describes how s/he had been pleased with the forms and colors in the abstract painting and had not perceived it to bear any resemblance to a landscape or flora and fauna. Option 3 can be inferred from. “Apparently I had not known that an abstract painting could contain references to subject matter.”
Options 1,2, 4 and 5 are not in consonance with the idea that the author puts forth in the passage.
Hence, the correct answer is option 3.

XAT Verbal And Logical Ability MCQ Quiz - 2 - Question 4

On one visit I walked out to Mitchell’s studio to look at a painting. I liked the painting very much and thought there was no problem with the way I looked at it. It was what it was, shapes and colors, white and blue. Then I was told by Joan or someone else that it referred to the landscape here in Vetheuil, specifically to cornflowers. Whatever I had known or not known about painting before, this was a surprise to me, even a shock. Apparently I had not known that an abstract painting could contain references to subject matter. Two things happened at once: the painting abruptly went beyond itself, lost its solitariness, acquired a relationship to fields, to flowers; and it changed from something I understood into something I did not understand, a mystery, a problem.

 

Q. What does the phrase “lost its solitariness” allude to?

Detailed Solution for XAT Verbal And Logical Ability MCQ Quiz - 2 - Question 4

According to the author, the painting had “lost its solitariness” when s/he realized that it was the artist’s reflection of the landscape around her. Hence, it seemed to forge a relationship with the fields and the flowers and was no longer a painting of abstract forms in space.
Hence, the correct answer is option 5.

XAT Verbal And Logical Ability MCQ Quiz - 2 - Question 5

Answer the question based on the passage given below.

Everyone seems happy, though there is a well-known phenomenon called the “Stanford duck syndrome”: students seem cheerful, but all the while they are furiously paddling their legs to stay afloat. What they are generally paddling toward are careers of the sort that could get their names on the buildings on campus like some of its famous alumni. The campus has its jocks, stoners, and poets, but what it is famous for are budding entrepreneurs, engineers, and computer aces hoping to make their fortune in one crevasse or another of Silicon Valley. Innovation comes from myriad sources, including the bastions of East Coast learning, but Stanford has established itself as the intellectual nexus of the information economy. In early April, Facebook acquired the photo-sharing service Instagram, for a billion dollars; naturally, the co-founders of the two-year-old company are Stanford graduates in their late twenties. The initial investor was a Stanford alumnus.

 

Q. Which of the following advantages of studying at Stanford cannot be deduced from the passage? 

Detailed Solution for XAT Verbal And Logical Ability MCQ Quiz - 2 - Question 5

From the passage, it can be deduced that students receive much support from the alumni and there are students of various disciplines and temperaments who study together. This eliminates options 1 and 2.
It can also be deduced the students land good jobs and that it has established itself as a mecca of the information economy.
This eliminates options 3 and 4.
Thus, only option 5 cannot be deduced.
Hence, the correct answer is option 5.

XAT Verbal And Logical Ability MCQ Quiz - 2 - Question 6

The following question consists of a certain number of sentences. Some sentences are grammatically incorrect or inappropriate. Select the option that indicates the grammatically incorrect and inappropriate sentence(s).

A. These may be a puncture, contused, or lacerated.
B. Round balls make a large opening than those which are conical.
C. A shot fired from 5 metres makes one large ragged opening.
D. The Lee-Metford bullet is more destructive than the Mauser.
E. The former is heavier, but the difference in size is not much.

Detailed Solution for XAT Verbal And Logical Ability MCQ Quiz - 2 - Question 6

The error in sentence A may be easy to spot. In line with the last two elements (contused and lacerated) which are adjectives having an “-ed” as suffix, the first element, “a puncture” should also be in the same form, that is, ‘punctured’.
In sentence B, there is a comparison; therefore, the comparative form of adjective (a larger opening) should be used in place of the positive (a large...) one.
The other three sentences are grammatically correct.
Hence, the correct answer is option 4.

XAT Verbal And Logical Ability MCQ Quiz - 2 - Question 7

The following question consists of a set of labelled sentences. These sentences, when properly sequenced, form a coherent paragraph. Choose the most logical order of sentences from the options.

A. Unfortunately, in modem times, they are engaged in a fight for survival.
B. Constitutionally, tribals are people belonging to a community classified under the List of Scheduled Tribes mentioned in the Indian Constitution under Article 342(i) and 342(ii).
C. Yet, the fascinating elements of their culture are folk dances, songs, and languages which are indigenous to the region they inhabit.
D. Whether it is maternal and child mortality rates, size of agricultural holdings or access to drinking water and electricity, tribal communities lag far behind the general populace of India.
E. It is necessary to preserve and protect these cultures that hold the key to man's primordial nature.

Detailed Solution for XAT Verbal And Logical Ability MCQ Quiz - 2 - Question 7

Statement B tells us about the consititutional definition of “tribals” and introduces the topic of discussion. All the other sentences contain relative pronouns that require a preceding context. This eliminates options 2, 4 and 5.
Statement B is followed by statement A which talks about how tribal communities are struggling to survive.
Statement D elaborates on the various problems of the tribals mentioned in statement A. This eliminates option 1.
Statement C must follow D with the use of the conjunction “yet” which indicates a contrast. Statement C introduces tribal art forms and explains why they are a source of fascination.
Statement E concludes the paragraph by carrying forward the same context and stating why tribal cultures need to be protected.
Therefore, the correct sequence is BADCE.
Hence, the correct answer is option 3.

XAT Verbal And Logical Ability MCQ Quiz - 2 - Question 8

Read each of the short passages given below and answer the question that follows each.

Words that need to be spoken should not accumulate inside. The hurt, pain or jealousy a person feels cannot hide.

Sorrow and anger can be and will be suppressed.
But this only leads to a person feeling depressed.
Anger is a deadly toxin in which the body it flows.
When it takes over limb by limb, everyone knows.

 

Q. Which of the following is certainly NOT implied in the above verse?

Detailed Solution for XAT Verbal And Logical Ability MCQ Quiz - 2 - Question 8

“Words that need to be spoken should not accumulate inside.” These words are then related by the poet to “hurt, pain, and jealousy”, the poet seems to say they should not be suppressed. Therefore it follows that these words should be spoken. Hence option 5, which states the exact opposite, is certainly not implied.
The other options are implied or stated.
The words “deadly toxin” sufficiently justify option 1.
Though option 2 may be considered debatable, it can be accommodated, since all these feelings are in the mind and then they “take over limb by limb”.
Option 3 can be inferred from the second line.
Option 4 is justified since sorrow and anger when suppressed lead to the person feeling depressed, that is, they accumulate inside.
Hence, the correct answer is option 5.

XAT Verbal And Logical Ability MCQ Quiz - 2 - Question 9

Group Question

Answer the questions based on the passage given below.

There are some accounts of the nature of language learning that seem to imply that masters of a language have knowledge about their language. According to some accounts, a child learning a language is involved in much the same sort of activity as a field linguist who is trying to figure out the language of the natives she is studying. The field linguist is involved in constructing a theory of the native language: the linguist formulates hypotheses about what certain words and phrases mean, tests these hypotheses (perhaps by making predictions about what the natives would say in a certain situation, or by talking to the natives and making predictions about their replies to her), and modifies her theory in light of the results of those tests. The idea is that infant language learners are “little linguists” involved in the same sort of process. Of course, on this picture of language learning as theory construction, the theory construction takes place at a subconscious level and the hypotheses are formulated in the so-called Language of Thought, which is distinct from any natural language.
If this account of language learning is true, then it must be the case that language learners have linguistic knowledge. For one, the language learners will know the results of their theory. In much the way that the linguist, at the end of the day, knows that “toktok” is the native word for “fire”, so the language learner will know the meanings of the words of the language he has learned. Second, the language learner must have knowledge of the concepts required for the formulation of his hypotheses. If, for instance, the hypotheses formulated by the language learner include claims like “‘The large box’ is a noun phrase” and “The box was painted by Nancy’ is in the passive voice”, then the language learner must know what noun phrases are and what it means for a sentence to be in the passive voice. To formulate hypotheses about noun phrases, the passive voice, and other semantic and syntactic categories, the language learner must have knowledge about those categories. Or, to put the point another way, the language learner must possess the concepts he deploys in the hypotheses he formulates in the process of learning the language.

 

Q. According to the passage, an infant learner of a language....

Detailed Solution for XAT Verbal And Logical Ability MCQ Quiz - 2 - Question 9

“According to some accounts, a child...is a field linguist... involved in constructing a theory of the native language: the linguist formulates hypotheses about what certain words and phrases mean, tests these hypotheses...modifies her theory in light of the results of those tests. The idea is that infant language learners are “little linguists” involved in the same sort of process,” makes option 5 correct. The other options are merely distractions.
Option 1 is not related to an infant learner.
Option 2 contradicts the second paragraph: “the language learner must have knowledge of the concepts required for the formulation of his hypotheses.” There is nothing in the passage to support options 3 and 4.
Hence, the correct answer is option 5.

XAT Verbal And Logical Ability MCQ Quiz - 2 - Question 10

There are some accounts of the nature of language learning that seem to imply that masters of a language have knowledge about their language. According to some accounts, a child learning a language is involved in much the same sort of activity as a field linguist who is trying to figure out the language of the natives she is studying. The field linguist is involved in constructing a theory of the native language: the linguist formulates hypotheses about what certain words and phrases mean, tests these hypotheses (perhaps by making predictions about what the natives would say in a certain situation, or by talking to the natives and making predictions about their replies to her), and modifies her theory in light of the results of those tests. The idea is that infant language learners are “little linguists” involved in the same sort of process. Of course, on this picture of language learning as theory construction, the theory construction takes place at a subconscious level and the hypotheses are formulated in the so-called Language of Thought, which is distinct from any natural language.
If this account of language learning is true, then it must be the case that language learners have linguistic knowledge. For one, the language learners will know the results of their theory. In much the way that the linguist, at the end of the day, knows that “toktok” is the native word for “fire”, so the language learner will know the meanings of the words of the language he has learned. Second, the language learner must have knowledge of the concepts required for the formulation of his hypotheses. If, for instance, the hypotheses formulated by the language learner include claims like “‘The large box’ is a noun phrase” and “The box was painted by Nancy’ is in the passive voice”, then the language learner must know what noun phrases are and what it means for a sentence to be in the passive voice. To formulate hypotheses about noun phrases, the passive voice, and other semantic and syntactic categories, the language learner must have knowledge about those categories. Or, to put the point another way, the language learner must possess the concepts he deploys in the hypotheses he formulates in the process of learning the language.

 

Q. Which of the following, if true, would weaken the school of thought that believes that “masters of a language have knowledge about their language”? 

Detailed Solution for XAT Verbal And Logical Ability MCQ Quiz - 2 - Question 10

The argument simply put is that masters of a language have also mastered the grammatical structure of that language in technical terms - in terms of the grammar, rules, syntax etc. According to option 3, knowledge which one uses in acquiring a language is not used by a mature learner. This would weaken the given argument that linguistic knowledge (in terms of meanings of words as well as knowledge of concepts such as grammatical structures) is necessary.
The other options by implication communicate that the rules are important or they are deployed.
Hence, the correct answer is option 3.

XAT Verbal And Logical Ability MCQ Quiz - 2 - Question 11

Answer the following question based on the information given below.

At the launch of his much awaited book, The Umbawa Revelations’ - the third part of his Gainworld Trilogy, author Sameet Bose started off by saying that he had been very remiss in his writing duties in the last year but was glad that he finally got around doing it.

Q.Which word best replaces the word ‘remiss’?

Detailed Solution for XAT Verbal And Logical Ability MCQ Quiz - 2 - Question 11

The meaning of the word “remiss” is ‘lacking care or attention to duty; negligent’. This can also be derived from the context in which this word is used.
“Adroit” means ‘skillful’ and “nimble” means ‘quick’. Both these words cannot be used in the given sentence. “Perseverant” means ‘persistent in doing something despite difficulty; unwavering’ and “ineffectual" means ‘not producing any significant or desired effect’. Neither of these are suitable substitues for “remiss.”
Hence, the correct answer is option 3.

XAT Verbal And Logical Ability MCQ Quiz - 2 - Question 12

Fill in the blanks with the most appropriate word/set of words  from the gjven options.

Travel writers are also______. They present a picture through their______. They show their artistic talent by______the place in such ______details that the readers actually______ it.

Detailed Solution for XAT Verbal And Logical Ability MCQ Quiz - 2 - Question 12

An “artiste” is a ‘performer’; “artisan” is a ‘craftsman’; “artist” is general and is the most appropriate word for the first blank. Eliminate options 1, 2 and 5.
Since the sentence is about writers, “words” would fit better than “colors”. Option 4 can be eliminated.
Words more appropriately “describe” - “vivid” and “visualize” then follow logically.
Hence, the correct answer is option 3.

XAT Verbal And Logical Ability MCQ Quiz - 2 - Question 13

Group Question

A passage is followed by questions pertaining to the passage. Read the passage and answer the questions. Choose the most appropriate answer.

He believed that the Tao of Tian is expressed in principle or li but that it is sheathed in matter or qi. In this, his system is based on Buddhist systems of the time that divided things into principle and shi. In the Neo-Confucian formulation, li in itself is pure and almost- perfect, but with the addition of qi, base emotions and conflicts arise. Human nature is originally good, the Neo-Confucians argued (following Mencius), but not pure unless action is taken to purify it. The imperative is then to purify one's li. However, in contrast to Buddhists and Taoists, neo-Confucians did not believe in an external world unconnected with the world of matter. In addition, Neo-Confucians in general rejected the idea of reincarnation and the associated idea of karma.

 

Q. Which of the following would Neo-Confucians disagree with? 

Detailed Solution for XAT Verbal And Logical Ability MCQ Quiz - 2 - Question 13

The passage states that neo-Confucians didn’t believe in an external world, unlike the Buddhists and Taoists. The following extract, “However, in contrast to Buddhists and Taoists, neo-Confucians did not believe in an external world unconnected with the world of matter” corroborates option 5 to be the correct answer option..
Options 1,2, 3 and 4 are ones that they agreed with.
Hence, the correct answer is option 5.

XAT Verbal And Logical Ability MCQ Quiz - 2 - Question 14

He believed that the Tao of Tian is expressed in principle or li but that it is sheathed in matter or qi. In this, his system is based on Buddhist systems of the time that divided things into principle and shi. In the Neo-Confucian formulation, li in itself is pure and almost- perfect, but with the addition of qi, base emotions and conflicts arise. Human nature is originally good, the Neo-Confucians argued (following Mencius), but not pure unless action is taken to purify it. The imperative is then to purify one's li. However, in contrast to Buddhists and Taoists, neo-Confucians did not believe in an external world unconnected with the world of matter. In addition, Neo-Confucians in general rejected the idea of reincarnation and the associated idea of karma.

 

Q. Which of the following options summarises the idea expressed in the passage? 

Detailed Solution for XAT Verbal And Logical Ability MCQ Quiz - 2 - Question 14

Option 1 is incorrect as Neo-Confucianism does not believe in Karma.
Option 4 is also contrary with ‘resolved’.
Options 3 and 5 are parts but not the essence of the paragraph.
Option 2 captures the essence of the text.
Hence, the correct answer is option 2.

XAT Verbal And Logical Ability MCQ Quiz - 2 - Question 15

Group Question

A passage is followed by questions pertaining to the passage. Read the passage and answer the questions. Choose the most appropriate answer.

Take an ordinary soda-water syphon, with or without a wine-glassful of brandy, and empty it till only a few drops remain in the bottom.
Then the bottle is full of gas; and that gas, which will rush out with a spurt when you press the knob, is the stuff that plants eat - the raw material of life, both animal and vegetable. The tree grows and lives by taking in the carbonic acid from the air, and solidifying its carbon; the animal grows and lives by taking the solidified carbon from the plant, and converting it once more into carbonic acid. That, in its ideally simple form, is the Iliad in a nutshell, the core and kernel of biology. The whole cycle of life is one eternal see-saw. First the plant collects its carbon compounds from the air in the oxidized state; it deoxidizes and rebuilds them: and then the animal proceeds to burn them up by slow combustion within his own body, and to turn them loose upon the air, once more oxidized. After which the plant starts again on the same round as before, and the animal also recommences da capo. And so on ad infinitum.

 

Q. ‘Iliad’ as mentioned in the passage refers to:

Detailed Solution for XAT Verbal And Logical Ability MCQ Quiz - 2 - Question 15

According to the passage, “The tree grows and lives by taking in the carbonic acid from the air, and solidifying its carbon; the animal grows and lives by taking the solidified carbon from the plant, and converting it once more into carbonic acid. That, in its ideally simple form, is the Iliad in a nutshell, the core and kernel of biology.”
“Iliad” is a Greek epic poem describing the siege of Troy, ascribed to Homer. In the given passage, the author has used it to refer to the entire cycle of carbon, and of life itself.
Hence, the correct answer is option 2.

XAT Verbal And Logical Ability MCQ Quiz - 2 - Question 16

Take an ordinary soda-water syphon, with or without a wine-glassful of brandy, and empty it till only a few drops remain in the bottom.
Then the bottle is full of gas; and that gas, which will rush out with a spurt when you press the knob, is the stuff that plants eat - the raw material of life, both animal and vegetable. The tree grows and lives by taking in the carbonic acid from the air, and solidifying its carbon; the animal grows and lives by taking the solidified carbon from the plant, and converting it once more into carbonic acid. That, in its ideally simple form, is the Iliad in a nutshell, the core and kernel of biology. The whole cycle of life is one eternal see-saw. First the plant collects its carbon compounds from the air in the oxidized state; it deoxidizes and rebuilds them: and then the animal proceeds to burn them up by slow combustion within his own body, and to turn them loose upon the air, once more oxidized. After which the plant starts again on the same round as before, and the animal also recommences da capo. And so on ad infinitum.

 

Q. The word ‘da capo’ is closest in meaning to: 

Detailed Solution for XAT Verbal And Logical Ability MCQ Quiz - 2 - Question 16

“Da capo” means “from the beginning”. It is used as a direction in music to repeat from the beginning.
The passage uses this term in the context of the cycle of life as “...recommences da capo”, so option 2 fits best.
Hence, the correct answer is option 2.

XAT Verbal And Logical Ability MCQ Quiz - 2 - Question 17

Group Question

The passage given below is followed by a set of questions. Choose the most appropriate answer to each question.

Heloise despises her paternal grandfather. Heloise is homicidal and has been trained in various lethal combat techniques. Despite her relish at the thought of murdering her grandfather, time has conspired against her, for her grandfather has been dead for 30 years. As a crime investigator might say, she has motive and means, but lacks the opportunity; that is, until she fortuitously comes into the possession of a time machine. Now Heloise has the opportunity to fulfill her desire. She makes the necessary settings on the machine and plunges back into time 80 years. She emerges from the machine and begins to stalk her grandfather. He suspects nothing. She waits for the perfect moment and place to strike so that she can enjoy the full satisfaction of her hatred. At this point, we might pause to observe: “If Heloise murders her grandfather, she will have prevented him from fathering any children. That means that Heloise’s own father will not be born. And that means that Heloise will not be born. But if she never comes into existence, then how is she able to return...?” And so we have the infamous grandfather paradox. Before we examine what happens next, let’s consider the possible outcomes of her impending action.
First, let’s assume that the many-worlds hypothesis correctly describes the universe. If so, then we avoid the paradox. If Heloise succeeds in killing her grandfather before her father is conceived, then the state of the world includes quantum entanglement of the events involved in Heloise’s mind, body, surrounding objects, etc., such that when she succeeds in killing her grandfather (or willing his death just prior to the physical accomplishment of it), the universe at that moment divides into one universe in which she succeeded and a second universe in which she did not. So the paradox of causal continuity in external time does not arise; causation presumably connects events in the different universes without any inconsistency.
Next, let’s assume that we do not have the many-worlds quantum interpretation available to us, nor for that matter, any theory of different worlds. Can Heloise murder her grandfather? As David Lewis famously remarked, in one sense she can, and in another sense she can’t. The sense in which she can murder her grandfather refers to her ability, her willingness, and her opportunity to do so. But the sense in which she cannot murder her grandfather trumps the sense in which she can. In fact, she does not murder her grandfather because the moments of external time that have already passed are no longer separable. Assuming that events 80 years ago did not include Heloise murdering her grandfather, she cannot create another moment 80 years ago that does. A set of facts is arranged such that it is perfectly appropriate to say that, in one sense, Heloise can murder her grandfather. However, this set of facts is enclosed by the larger set of facts that include the survival of her grandfather. Were Heloise to actually succeed in carrying out her murderous desire, this larger set of facts would contain a contradiction (that her grandfather both is murdered and is not murdered 80 years ago), which is impossible. History remains consistent.

 

Q. Which of the following would provide sufficient circumstances for Heloise to murder her grandfather in the past and still show no inconsistency? 

Detailed Solution for XAT Verbal And Logical Ability MCQ Quiz - 2 - Question 17

The second paragraph explicitly states this as a way to resolve the grandfather paradox. “First, let’s assume that the many-worlds hypothesis correctly describes the universe. If so, then we avoid the paradox. ... So the paradox of causal continuity in external time does not arise; causation presumably connects events in the different universes without any inconsistency.” All the other options by implications are description of the universe in which the paradox exists.
Hence, the correct answer is option 4.

XAT Verbal And Logical Ability MCQ Quiz - 2 - Question 18

Heloise despises her paternal grandfather. Heloise is homicidal and has been trained in various lethal combat techniques. Despite her relish at the thought of murdering her grandfather, time has conspired against her, for her grandfather has been dead for 30 years. As a crime investigator might say, she has motive and means, but lacks the opportunity; that is, until she fortuitously comes into the possession of a time machine. Now Heloise has the opportunity to fulfill her desire. She makes the necessary settings on the machine and plunges back into time 80 years. She emerges from the machine and begins to stalk her grandfather. He suspects nothing. She waits for the perfect moment and place to strike so that she can enjoy the full satisfaction of her hatred. At this point, we might pause to observe: “If Heloise murders her grandfather, she will have prevented him from fathering any children. That means that Heloise’s own father will not be born. And that means that Heloise will not be born. But if she never comes into existence, then how is she able to return...?” And so we have the infamous grandfather paradox. Before we examine what happens next, let’s consider the possible outcomes of her impending action.
First, let’s assume that the many-worlds hypothesis correctly describes the universe. If so, then we avoid the paradox. If Heloise succeeds in killing her grandfather before her father is conceived, then the state of the world includes quantum entanglement of the events involved in Heloise’s mind, body, surrounding objects, etc., such that when she succeeds in killing her grandfather (or willing his death just prior to the physical accomplishment of it), the universe at that moment divides into one universe in which she succeeded and a second universe in which she did not. So the paradox of causal continuity in external time does not arise; causation presumably connects events in the different universes without any inconsistency.
Next, let’s assume that we do not have the many-worlds quantum interpretation available to us, nor for that matter, any theory of different worlds. Can Heloise murder her grandfather? As David Lewis famously remarked, in one sense she can, and in another sense she can’t. The sense in which she can murder her grandfather refers to her ability, her willingness, and her opportunity to do so. But the sense in which she cannot murder her grandfather trumps the sense in which she can. In fact, she does not murder her grandfather because the moments of external time that have already passed are no longer separable. Assuming that events 80 years ago did not include Heloise murdering her grandfather, she cannot create another moment 80 years ago that does. A set of facts is arranged such that it is perfectly appropriate to say that, in one sense, Heloise can murder her grandfather. However, this set of facts is enclosed by the larger set of facts that include the survival of her grandfather. Were Heloise to actually succeed in carrying out her murderous desire, this larger set of facts would contain a contradiction (that her grandfather both is murdered and is not murdered 80 years ago), which is impossible. History remains consistent.

 

Q. According to David Lewis, can Heloise murder her grandfather? 

Detailed Solution for XAT Verbal And Logical Ability MCQ Quiz - 2 - Question 18

The answer is clearly stated in the passage in the last paragraph. “If history did not include the moment in which she killed her grandfather 80 years ago, she cannot create another moment, because external time that has already passed is no longer separable.”.
Option 5 repeats and rephrases this point of view of David Lewis.
Hence, the correct answer is option 5.

XAT Verbal And Logical Ability MCQ Quiz - 2 - Question 19

Each of the questions consists of a certain number of sentences. some sentences are grammatically incorrect or inappropriate.
Select the option that indicates the grammatically correct and appropriate sentence(s).

A. Those who choose not to empathise may enable real monsters.
B. Without ever committing an act of outright evil ourselves, we collude with it, through our own apathy.
C. Tax avoidance was one of the main purposes of the transaction.
D. The power of human empathy saves lives and frees prisoners.
E. Macroeconomic policy is all about achieving that elusive balance between frugality and extravagance, to be sustained over twenty or thirty years to have a clearly visible impact.

Detailed Solution for XAT Verbal And Logical Ability MCQ Quiz - 2 - Question 19

All the statements are grammatically correct.
Hence, the correct answer is option 5.

XAT Verbal And Logical Ability MCQ Quiz - 2 - Question 20

Answer the question based on the information given in the passage.

Two years ago, Time magazine named ‘you’ its Person of the Year for doing your small part in fuelling the Web 2.0 revolution.
The magazine argued that by collecting and distributing the creations of millions of individuals, the Web is upending the way we learn about what’s going on in the world around us. There’s no doubt this is true; for example, a lot of what you learn these days comes from articles put together by the anonymous hordes who power Wikipedia. Yet even though they’ve changed the way we live, sites that collect and share content produced by all of us haven’t done the one thing many tech evangelists said they’d do - make a ton of money. Or, in many cases, any money.


Q. What is the point the author is trying to make?

Detailed Solution for XAT Verbal And Logical Ability MCQ Quiz - 2 - Question 20

Option 1 is too negative and not warranted by the information in the paragraph.
There is nothing stated about the next Web revolution, so option 3 cannot be the answer.
The second half of option 4 is correct, but the first half has no basis in the paragraph.
Option 5 is merely one of the premises stated in the paragraph, not its main point.
Only option 2 is correct - while there is an enormous amount of useful and popular user-generated content on the Web, it is not creating profits for those running the websites.
Hence, the correct answer is option 2.

XAT Verbal And Logical Ability MCQ Quiz - 2 - Question 21

Arrange the jumbled sentences in order.

A. However, by the time he arrives there, it will have crawled to a new place, so then Achilles must run to this new place, but the tortoise meanwhile will have crawled on, and so forth.
B. Achilles will never catch the tortoise, says Zeno.
C. The tortoise has a head start, so if Achilles hopes to overtake it, he must run at least to the place where the tortoise presently is.
D. In Zeno's Achilles Paradox, Achilles races to catch a slower runner-for example, a tortoise that is crawling away from him.
E. Therefore, good reasoning shows that fast runners never can catch slow ones.

Detailed Solution for XAT Verbal And Logical Ability MCQ Quiz - 2 - Question 21

The link between statements C and A is obvious as can be seen in all the options. Both statements address “Zeno's Achilles paradox” as discussed in statements D and B.
C does not make for a good introductory statement. It needs context for reference. This eliminates option 3.
Between statements B and D which more or less address the same issue, D makes for a better introductory statement as it divulges information on the paradox, Achilles and the tortoise. Statement B is reflective in nature and is better placed before the conclusion, which obviously is statement E.
B and D when placed together do not make sense. Statements C and A make for appropriate fillers between them. This eliminates options 2, 4 and 5.
Thus, the correct order of the statements is DCABE.
Hence, the correct answer is option 1.

XAT Verbal And Logical Ability MCQ Quiz - 2 - Question 22

Fill in the blanks with the most appropriate word/set of words from the given options.

While I was _________ the bookstore_________ the mall, I met Radhika_________the Fiction section.

Detailed Solution for XAT Verbal And Logical Ability MCQ Quiz - 2 - Question 22

‘In’ fits the first blank because the speaker is placed within the three dimensional space of the bookstore.
Similarly, for the third blank, Radhika is located within the three dimensional space of the fiction section, hence ‘in’ is required.
The second blank can take ‘in’ or ‘at’. Since the sentence merely indicates the location of the bookstore ‘at’ is better suited than ‘in’. Though ‘in’ is correct, its repetition would make the sentence awkward.
Hence, the correct answer is option 3.

XAT Verbal And Logical Ability MCQ Quiz - 2 - Question 23

Choose a suitable one-word substitute for the given phrase from the options under each question.

Being bashful, I never laughed out loud at his jokes and this made him think that I detest him.

Q. Which of the following words is closest in meaning to the word ‘bashful’?

Detailed Solution for XAT Verbal And Logical Ability MCQ Quiz - 2 - Question 23

Bashful means shy, self-conscious and awkward in the presence of others. Diffident is a word that is closest in meaning to bashful.
Antisocial is a negative quality that implies meaning harm to society. Asocial is closer to bashful in meaning.
Hence, the correct answer is option 5.

XAT Verbal And Logical Ability MCQ Quiz - 2 - Question 24

Group Question

Answer the questions based on the passage given below.

In the late seventeenth century, in the wake of Britain’s Glorious Revolution, when Britain revolted against the spendthrift and autocratic Stuart dynasty, the British government that was formed after William and Mary assumed the throne, adopted a new approach to debt. Voting budgets in parliament - a representative institution - ensured that the people as a whole were liable for the obligations incurred by their government. They would thus have a powerful incentive to impose controls on spending to insure that their claims could be met. The alternative model to British constitutionalism was French aristocracy. Official bankruptcy, a regular occurrence, required prolonging maturities on state debt and reducing interest payments. But this solution raised the cost of new borrowing, so France began to consider the British model. The problem was that the imitation was imperfect.

 

Q. Which of the following distinguishes British constitutionalism from the French aristocracy?

Detailed Solution for XAT Verbal And Logical Ability MCQ Quiz - 2 - Question 24

All of options 1,2,3 and 5 can be attributed to the French regime. Refer to the following extract from the passage - “Official bankruptcy, a regular occurrence, required prolonging maturities on state debt and reducing interest payments. But this solution raised the cost of new borrowing, so France began to consider the British model.”
Only option 4 which can be inferred from, “Voting budgets in parliament - a representative institution - ensured that the people as a whole were liable for the obligations incurred by their government. They would thus have a powerful incentive to impose controls on spending to insure that their claims could be met”, distinguishes British constitutionalism from the French regime.
Hence, the correct answer is option 4.

XAT Verbal And Logical Ability MCQ Quiz - 2 - Question 25

In the late seventeenth century, in the wake of Britain’s Glorious Revolution, when Britain revolted against the spendthrift and autocratic Stuart dynasty, the British government that was formed after William and Mary assumed the throne, adopted a new approach to debt. Voting budgets in parliament - a representative institution - ensured that the people as a whole were liable for the obligations incurred by their government. They would thus have a powerful incentive to impose controls on spending to insure that their claims could be met. The alternative model to British constitutionalism was French aristocracy. Official bankruptcy, a regular occurrence, required prolonging maturities on state debt and reducing interest payments. But this solution raised the cost of new borrowing, so France began to consider the British model. The problem was that the imitation was imperfect.

 

Q. Which of the following could not be a consequence of the French aristocracy prolonging maturities on state debt?

Detailed Solution for XAT Verbal And Logical Ability MCQ Quiz - 2 - Question 25

The French aristocracy's prolonging of state debt could lead to a downward spiral of increasing sovereign debt which would result in increased dependence on revenues till they could not be increased further and property has to be confiscated against debt. This eliminates options 2 and 4.
This in turn could lead to devaluation of the currency due to the rising inflation and increasing social tensions which eventually could lead to a revolution. This eliminates options 3 and 5.
Thus, demands for an absolute monarchy after a failure of the existing rule would be unlikely.
Hence, the correct answer is option 1.

XAT Verbal And Logical Ability MCQ Quiz - 2 - Question 26

Answer the question based on the passage given below.

In whatever manner beings are interpreted - whether as spirit, after the fashion of spiritualism; or as matter and force, after the fashion of materialism; or as becoming and life, or idea, will, substance, subject, or energeia; or as the eternal recurrence of the same event - every time, beings as beings appear in the light of Being. Wherever metaphysics represents beings, Being has entered into the light. Being has arrived in a state of unconcealedness. But whether and how Being itself involves such unconcealedness, whether and how it manifests itself in, and as, metaphysics, remains obscure. Being in its revelatory essence, i. e. in its truth, is not recalled. Nevertheless, when metaphysics gives answers to its question concerning beings as such, metaphysics speaks out of the unnoticed revealedness of Being. The truth of Being may thus be called the ground in which metaphysics, as the root of the tree of philosophy, is kept and from which it is nourished.

 

Q. Which of the following is true about the state of Being? 

Detailed Solution for XAT Verbal And Logical Ability MCQ Quiz - 2 - Question 26

Option 1 can be inferred from, “In whatever manner beings are interpreted - whether as spirit, after the fashion of spiritualism...beings as beings appear in the light of Being.”
Hence, in the light of existence (no matter form it may assume), the Being exists as the idea it represents. “An unadulterated spirit within a human” has not been discussed in the passage. Eliminate option 2.
Option 3 talks about the lightness that comes with freedom of the self; which hasn't been mentioned in the passage.
Option 4 cannot be inferred with any degree of certainty from the passage.
Option 5 mentions the utility of being which is out of context with respect to the passage.
Hence, the correct answer is option 1.

1 docs|21 tests
Information about XAT Verbal And Logical Ability MCQ Quiz - 2 Page
In this test you can find the Exam questions for XAT Verbal And Logical Ability MCQ Quiz - 2 solved & explained in the simplest way possible. Besides giving Questions and answers for XAT Verbal And Logical Ability MCQ Quiz - 2, EduRev gives you an ample number of Online tests for practice

Up next

Download as PDF

Up next

How to Prepare for CAT

Read our guide to prepare for CAT which is created by Toppers & the best Teachers
Download the FREE EduRev App
Track your progress, build streaks, highlight & save important lessons and more!