IIFT Mock Test - 2


120 Questions MCQ Test IIFT Mock Test Series | IIFT Mock Test - 2


Description
This mock test of IIFT Mock Test - 2 for CAT helps you for every CAT entrance exam. This contains 120 Multiple Choice Questions for CAT IIFT Mock Test - 2 (mcq) to study with solutions a complete question bank. The solved questions answers in this IIFT Mock Test - 2 quiz give you a good mix of easy questions and tough questions. CAT students definitely take this IIFT Mock Test - 2 exercise for a better result in the exam. You can find other IIFT Mock Test - 2 extra questions, long questions & short questions for CAT on EduRev as well by searching above.
QUESTION: 1

Group Question

Answer the following questions based on the information given below.


Modes of transport between Cities

Distance between cities in kms

Mode of Transport and Cost

 

 

Q. For which of the following direct trips, is the travel time the least?

Solution:

Travel time = Distance/Speed A - E : Distance = 500 km, mode of transport - train (@ 65 kmph) and travel time = 500/65 ⇒ 7.7 hours

B - D : Distance = 1200 km, mode of transport - train (@ 65 kmph) and travel time = 1200/65 ⇒ 18.5 hours

C - F : Distance = 500 km, mode of transport - bus (@ 50 kmph) and travel time = 500/50 = 10 hours D - A : Distance = 200 km, mode of transport - ship (@ 30 kmph) and travel time = 200/30 = 6.67 hours Hence, option 4.

QUESTION: 2

Modes of transport between Cities

Distance between cities in kms

Mode of Transport and Cost

 

 

Q. If the ship service across the country is discontinued due to a super cyclone, which of these is the least cost route from B to F?

Solution:

Solution: Cost = Distance travelled in Km x Cost per Km, for each leg of the journey.
B - A - F: B-A by train and A-F by bus. i.e. (700 x 2) + (600 x 3) = Rs. 3,200

B - C - F: B-C by airplane and C-F by bus. (800 x 6) + (500 x 3) = Rs. 6,300

B - D - F : B-D by train and D-F by airplane. (1200 x 2) + (900 x 6) = Rs. 7,800

B - E - F : B-E by bus and E-F by bus.

(100 x 3) + (400 x 3) = Rs. 1,500 Thus, B-E-F is the least cost route.
Hence, option 4.

QUESTION: 3

Modes of transport between Cities

Distance between cities in kms

Mode of Transport and Cost

 

 

Q. A person from city E wants to visit A, D and F only,  necessarily in that order. What would be the minimum travel cost incurred by him (in Rs.)?

Solution:

There are 6 possible ways: 

E - A - D - F
Cost = (500 x 3) + (200 x 6) + (900 x 6) = Rs. 8,100

E - A - F - D
Cost = (500 x 3) + (600 x 3) + (900 x 6) = Rs. 8,700

E - D - A - F
Cost = (200 x 2) + (200 x 1) + (600 x 3) = Rs. 2,400

E - D - F - A
Cost = (200 x 2) + (900 x 6) + (600 x 2) = Rs. 7,000 

E - F - A - D
Cost = (400 x 3) + (600 x 2) + (200 x 6) = Rs. 3,600

E - F - D - A
Cost = (400 x 3) + (900 x 6) + (200 x 1) = Rs. 6,800 Thus, the minimum cost incurred is Rs. 2,400 over the path E - D - A - F
Hence, option 2.

 

QUESTION: 4

Modes of transport between Cities

Distance between cities in kms

Mode of Transport and Cost

 

 

Q. Which of the following cities can be reached from C in the least time?

Solution:

This question can be answered by direct observation. From the table, wr.r.t C, A is the closest among the four cities mentioned and the mode of transportation there is airplane, which is the fastest mode.
Thus, C - A takes the least possible time.
Hence, option 4.

QUESTION: 5

Modes of transport between Cities

Distance between cities in kms

Mode of Transport and Cost

 

 

Q. Which of these is the least cost way to reach C from E?

Solution:

(1) Train from E to C Cost = 1100 x2 = Rs. 2,200 (2) Train from E to D and a bus from D to C Cost = 200 x 2 + 600 x 3 = Rs. 2,200 (3) Bus from E to F and a train from F to C Cost = 400 x 3 + 500 x 2 = Rs. 2,200 Hence, option 4.

QUESTION: 6

Group Question

Answer the following question based on the information given below.


The charts given below describe the mobile network sector of a country. The total number of customers catered to by various mobile network providers is 100 million. Each customer uses only one network provider from among Airtel, Vodafone, Docomo, BSNL and Idea.


The pie chart below shows the market share of these five companies (% terms for number of customers) in 2011 

 

The bar graph below shows the company-wise annual (Year-on- Year) growth rate in the number of customers from 2012 to 2014

 

The bar graph below shows the percentage of customers who are less than 25 years of age (from 2012 to 2014) 

 

 

Q. What is the total number of customers less than 25 years of  age across all mobile network providers in the year 2012? 

Solution:

In 2011, since total customers = 100 million, customers of the various network providers are 34 million, 29 million, 21 million, 10 million and 6 million respectively.
The total number of customers less than 25 years of age across all mobile network providers in the year 2012 = (34 x 1.1 x 0.5) + (29 x 1.05 x 0.5)+ (21 x 1.15 x 0.2) + (10 x 1.2 x 0.1) +(6 x 1.1 x 0.25) = 18.7 + 15.225 + 4.83 + 1.2 + 1.65
= 41.605 million Hence, option 3

QUESTION: 7

The charts given below describe the mobile network sector of a country. The total number of customers catered to by various mobile network providers is 100 million. Each customer uses only one network provider from among Airtel, Vodafone, Docomo, BSNL and Idea.


The pie chart below shows the market share of these five companies (% terms for number of customers) in 2011 

 

The bar graph below shows the company-wise annual (Year-on- Year) growth rate in the number of customers from 2012 to 2014

 

The bar graph below shows the percentage of customers who are less than 25 years of age (from 2012 to 2014) 

 

 

Q. The number of Docomo users in 2014, when compared to 2012,_____.

Solution:

The number of Docomo users in 2012 = 21 x 1.15 = 24.15 million.
The number of Docomo users in 2014 = 21 x 1.15 x 1.1 x 1.15 = 30.55 million.
Thus, the number of Docomo users increased by 6.4 million.
Hence, option 1.

QUESTION: 8

The charts given below describe the mobile network sector of a country. The total number of customers catered to by various mobile network providers is 100 million. Each customer uses only one network provider from among Airtel, Vodafone, Docomo, BSNL and Idea.


The pie chart below shows the market share of these five companies (% terms for number of customers) in 2011 

 

The bar graph below shows the company-wise annual (Year-on- Year) growth rate in the number of customers from 2012 to 2014

 

The bar graph below shows the percentage of customers who are less than 25 years of age (from 2012 to 2014) 

 

 

Q. How many customers of Airtel in the year 2013 are 25 years old or older?  

Solution:

The number of customers of Airtel who are 25 years old or older in the year 2013 = 34 x 1.1 x 1.1 x (1-0.45) = 34 x 1.1 x 1.1 x 0.55 = 22.627 million 

Hence, option 2.

QUESTION: 9

The charts given below describe the mobile network sector of a country. The total number of customers catered to by various mobile network providers is 100 million. Each customer uses only one network provider from among Airtel, Vodafone, Docomo, BSNL and Idea.


The pie chart below shows the market share of these five companies (% terms for number of customers) in 2011 

 

The bar graph below shows the company-wise annual (Year-on- Year) growth rate in the number of customers from 2012 to 2014

 

The bar graph below shows the percentage of customers who are less than 25 years of age (from 2012 to 2014) 

 

 

Q. In 2012, among customers who are less than 25 years of age, approximately what percentage are Vodafone users?

Solution:

From the solution to the first question, the total number of customers less than 25 years of age across all mobile network providers in the year 2012 = 41.6 million.
The number of Vodafone users less than 25 years of age in the year 2012 = 29 x 1.05 x 0.5 = 15.225 million.
Required percentage = 15.225/41.6 x 100 = 36.6% Hence, option 3.

QUESTION: 10

The charts given below describe the mobile network sector of a country. The total number of customers catered to by various mobile network providers is 100 million. Each customer uses only one network provider from among Airtel, Vodafone, Docomo, BSNL and Idea.


The pie chart below shows the market share of these five companies (% terms for number of customers) in 2011 

 

The bar graph below shows the company-wise annual (Year-on- Year) growth rate in the number of customers from 2012 to 2014

 

The bar graph below shows the percentage of customers who are less than 25 years of age (from 2012 to 2014) 

 

 

Q. What is the approximate sum of the number of Idea and BSNL users in the year 2013?

Solution:

The number of BSNL users in 2013 = 10x1.2 x 1.15 = 13.8 million.
The number of Idea users in 2013 = 6 x 1.1 x 1.05 = 6.93 million. 

Required sum = 13.8 + 6.93 = 20.73 million.
Hence, option 3.

QUESTION: 11

Group Question

Answer the following question based on the information given below.


In the years 2012 and 2013, the intake for MBA colleges IIM-F, IIM-V, IIM-X and IIM-Z was 250, the intake for IIM-Y was 300, the intake for IIM-W was 500 and the intake for IIM-N was 400. In the years 2014 and 2015, the intake for IIM-F, IIM-V, IIM-X and IIM-Z was 300 each, the intake for IIM-Y was 400, the intake for IIM-W was 700 and for IIM-N was 500. Table-1 gives the number of students with engineering background out of the total intake for each of the colleges in the years 2012 to 2015.Table-2 shows the number of male engineers and Table-3 shows the number of female non-engineers.

 

Table-1: Number of Engineers

 

Table-2: Number of Male Engineers

 

Table-3: Number of Female Non-Engineers

Analyse the given tables and answer the following questions.

 

Q. In the year 2013, what is the number of colleges in which  the number of female engineers was more than the number of female non-engineers?  

Solution:

The number of female engineers is given in the table below: 

Comparing it with Table-3, in the year 2013, the number of colleges in which the number of engineering females was more than the number of non-engineering females is 6.
Hence, option 3.

QUESTION: 12

In the years 2012 and 2013, the intake for MBA colleges IIM-F, IIM-V, IIM-X and IIM-Z was 250, the intake for IIM-Y was 300, the intake for IIM-W was 500 and the intake for IIM-N was 400. In the years 2014 and 2015, the intake for IIM-F, IIM-V, IIM-X and IIM-Z was 300 each, the intake for IIM-Y was 400, the intake for IIM-W was 700 and for IIM-N was 500. Table-1 gives the number of students with engineering background out of the total intake for each of the colleges in the years 2012 to 2015.Table-2 shows the number of male engineers and Table-3 shows the number of female non-engineers.

 

Table-1: Number of Engineers

 

Table-2: Number of Male Engineers

 

Table-3: Number of Female Non-Engineers

Analyse the given tables and answer the following questions.

 

Q. In which of the following colleges has the percentage of engineers out of total intake not been more than 50% in every year from 2012 to 2015?

Solution:

In Table-1, if the number of engineers is more than half of the total intake in a particular year, then the percentage of engineers is more than 50%.
Thus, we can see that the percentage of engineers out of total intake is more than 50% in every year only for IIM-Y.
Hence, option 3.

QUESTION: 13

In the years 2012 and 2013, the intake for MBA colleges IIM-F, IIM-V, IIM-X and IIM-Z was 250, the intake for IIM-Y was 300, the intake for IIM-W was 500 and the intake for IIM-N was 400. In the years 2014 and 2015, the intake for IIM-F, IIM-V, IIM-X and IIM-Z was 300 each, the intake for IIM-Y was 400, the intake for IIM-W was 700 and for IIM-N was 500. Table-1 gives the number of students with engineering background out of the total intake for each of the colleges in the years 2012 to 2015.Table-2 shows the number of male engineers and Table-3 shows the number of female non-engineers.

 

Table-1: Number of Engineers

 

Table-2: Number of Male Engineers

 

Table-3: Number of Female Non-Engineers

Analyse the given tables and answer the following questions.

 

Q. For which of the given colleges is the sum of non-engineers in 2012 and 2013 more than the sum of non-engineers in 2014 and 2015?

Solution:

The number of non-engineers is given in the table below. 

We can see that the sum of non-engineers in 2012 and 2013 is more than the sum of non-engineers in 2014 and 2015 only for IIM-Y.
Hence, option 2.

QUESTION: 14

In the years 2012 and 2013, the intake for MBA colleges IIM-F, IIM-V, IIM-X and IIM-Z was 250, the intake for IIM-Y was 300, the intake for IIM-W was 500 and the intake for IIM-N was 400. In the years 2014 and 2015, the intake for IIM-F, IIM-V, IIM-X and IIM-Z was 300 each, the intake for IIM-Y was 400, the intake for IIM-W was 700 and for IIM-N was 500. Table-1 gives the number of students with engineering background out of the total intake for each of the colleges in the years 2012 to 2015.Table-2 shows the number of male engineers and Table-3 shows the number of female non-engineers.

 

Table-1: Number of Engineers

 

Table-2: Number of Male Engineers

 

Table-3: Number of Female Non-Engineers

Analyse the given tables and answer the following questions.

 

Q. In which year(s), for IIM-Z, was the number of nonengineering males more than the number of engineering males?

Solution:

Number of male non-engineers = Intake - (Number of engineers + number of female non-engineers) The number of male non-engineers is given in the table below: 

Comparing with Table-2, the number of non-engineering males is more than the number of engineering males in the year 2015.
Hence, option 3.

QUESTION: 15

In the years 2012 and 2013, the intake for MBA colleges IIM-F, IIM-V, IIM-X and IIM-Z was 250, the intake for IIM-Y was 300, the intake for IIM-W was 500 and the intake for IIM-N was 400. In the years 2014 and 2015, the intake for IIM-F, IIM-V, IIM-X and IIM-Z was 300 each, the intake for IIM-Y was 400, the intake for IIM-W was 700 and for IIM-N was 500. Table-1 gives the number of students with engineering background out of the total intake for each of the colleges in the years 2012 to 2015.Table-2 shows the number of male engineers and Table-3 shows the number of female non-engineers.

 

Table-1: Number of Engineers

 

Table-2: Number of Male Engineers

 

Table-3: Number of Female Non-Engineers

Analyse the given tables and answer the following questions.

 

Q. Which of the following statement(s) is/are true? 

I. For IIM-N, the number of non-engineering males was highest in the year 2015.
II. Out of the total number of non-engineers at IIM-F in the year 2014, the number of females was approximately 40%.
III. In 2013, the number of engineering females was highest in IIM-N.

Solution:

Using the tables given in previous solutions, we can see that only statements I and II are correct.
In 2013, the number of engineering females was highest in IIM-Z.
Hence, option 2.

QUESTION: 16

Three persons A, B, and C together have to finish a task. It takes 75 minutes  for them to finish one-fourth of the task. A and C together take 75% of the time taken by A and B together to finish the task. C takes 300 minutes less than B to finish the task. What is the time taken by A alone to finish the task?

Solution:

Since A, B and C take 75 minutes to finish one-fourth of a task, they take 300 minutes i.e. 5 hours, to complete the entire task.
Let the total work be some multiple of 5, say 25 units.
Let a, b and c be the amount of work done by A, B and C per hour. a + b + c = 25/5 = 5 units/hour ... (i) A and C together take 75% of the time taken by A and B together to finish the task.

Substituting this value of a in (i), 3c - 4 b + b + c = 5. 4c - 3b = 5 ... (ii) C takes 300 minutes less than B to finish the task i.e. C takes 5 hours less.

Substituting the value of c from (ii) in (iii) 

15b + 25 - 20b = 3b2 + 5b,  
3b2 + 10b - 25 = 0
.*.b = 5/3 o r -15 .

b has to be positive as it corresponds to amount of work done by B per hour i.e. b = 5/3 Substituting this value in (iii), c = 5/2 Substituting the value of b and c in (i),

Hence, option 4.

QUESTION: 17

Find the sum of the series: 

Solution:

The given series is: 


Hence, option 3.

QUESTION: 18

A giraffe, standing at a point, G is watching the top of a tree of height 50 meters, which makes an angle of elevation of 30° with the giraffe’s eye. The giraffe walks a distance of 31√3 meters towards the tree to watch its top and the angle of the elevation becomes 60°. What is the height of the giraffe?

Solution:

Let the height of the giraffe be h m.
Hence, the given situation can be represented as shown below:  

QUESTION: 19

Two alloys are required to make a specific alloy used for metal extraction. This alloy is used in the mixture of metal extraction. The ratio of copper and iron in the first and the second alloy is 2 : 3 and 1 : 3 respectively. These alloys are mixed in different ratios everyday depending upon the needs of the metal extractor. On a particular day, an alloy having 90% copper was required. In what ratio the given two alloys be mixed?

Solution:

Since both the alloys have copper content of less than 90%, it is not possible to obtain an alloy having 90% copper content by mixing these alloys in any proportion.
Hence, option 4.
 

QUESTION: 20

The area of the shaded region shown in the figure is x. If D is the centre of the circle and ABCDEF is a regular hexagon, what is the area of the circle in terms of x? 

Solution:

Area of the shaded region is x.

Hence, option 3.

QUESTION: 21

Two years ago, the age of the eldest person from the group equals the sum of the current ages of the children. The current age of the youngest adult is 6 less than the sum of the current ages of the children. Three years ago, the ratio of the ages of the children was 1 : 2 : 4. There are exactly 3 adults in the group after 3 years. What is the sum of the current ages of the members of the group, if all ages are integral?

Solution:

Currently there are 2 adults in the group and 3 years later there are exactly 3 adults in the group.
Thus the eldest child in the initial group could be 15, 16 or 17 years old. Also, 3 years before, the ratio o f the ages o f the children was 1 : 2 : 4 . 3 years ago, ages o f the children are 3, 6 and 12 (to get the ratio 1 : 2 : 4 ) Current ages of children are 6, 9 and 15.
Sum of the ages of children = 30 Two years ago, the age of eldest person from the group equals the sum of the current ages of the children. => 30 = E - 2 or E = 32. 

The current age of the youngest adult is 6 less than the sum of the current ages of the children. => 30 = Y + 6 or Y= 24 Sum of the current ages of the group = 30 + 32 + 24 = 86 Hence, option 4.

QUESTION: 22

A gorilla eats an orange, an apple, a mango, a peach and a guava one by one at random. What is the probability that it eats the apple before eating the mango and guava?

Solution:

The 5 fruits can be eaten in 5! = 120 ways.
The apple has to be the first, second or third fruit to be eaten.
Case 1: The apple is eaten first.
Since the apple just has to be eaten before the mango and guava (and the relative order of the mango and guava is unimportant), the remaining four fruits can be eaten in 4! = 24 ways.
Case 2: The apple is eaten second.
Now, the mango and guava can be eaten third, fourth or fifth in 3C2 ways ie. 3 ways.
Also, the order of the mango and guava can be interchanged, they can be eaten in 3 x 2 = 6 ways.

The remaining two fruits can be eaten in 2! = 2 ways. Total ways = 6 x 2 = 1 2 ways Case 3: The apple is eaten third.
The mango and guava have to be fourth and fifth (in any order). Since their order can be interchanged, they can be eaten in 2 ways.
The remaining two fruits can be eaten in 2! = 2 ways. Total ways = 2 x 2 = 4 ways Total number of ways in which the apple is eaten before the mango and guava = 24 + 12 + 4 = 40

Hence, option 1.

QUESTION: 23

In a class of 56 students, each student studies at least one out of 3 languages - German, Spanish and French. 24 students study German, 28 students study Spanish and 30 students study French. 4 students study German and Spanish, but not French. 6 students study German and French, but not Spanish. 4 students study all the three languages. How many students study Spanish and French but not German?

Solution:

The given data can be represented as shown below: 

So c + d = 20 ..... (iii) From (ii) and (iii), b = c ..... (iv) The total number of students in the class = 56. Therefore 24 + b + d + c = 56.

b + d + c = 3 2 ..... (v) From (iii) and (v), b = 12 and then from (ii), d= 8 Thus, the number of students who study Spanish and French, but not German = 8
Hence, option 1.

QUESTION: 24

There are three types of fruits at a fruit shop - apples, bananas and oranges. All apples cost the same, all bananas cost the same and all oranges cost the same. The total cost of apples, bananas and oranges is Rs. 2160. The average cost of each fruit is Rs. 36. The average cost of apples and bananas is Rs. 39, of bananas and oranges is Rs. 360/11 and of apples and oranges is 110/3. Were apples Rs. 1 costlier, bananas Rs. 6 costlier and oranges Rs. 7 costlier, the total average would be Rs. 41. What is the number of apples, bananas and oranges and the cost of each unit of these respective fruits?

Solution:

The data in the question gives us six equations in six unknowns, which are difficult to solve. So we evaluate options instead.
We can see that only option 1 satisfies the fact that the total cost is Rs. 2160. Hence, option 1.

QUESTION: 25

Ajinkya starts walking in the north for 16 m. Then, he turns back and walks south for 8 m. Again he turns and walks north for 4 m. He continues this process of walking half the previous distance after turning. What will be his approximate distance from the starting point after he has turned around for 4242 times?

Solution:

The distances travlled by Ajinkya will form a G.P. with a = 16 and r = -1/2. For the total distance, the direction of the travel will not matter.
Since he takes 4242 turns, this can be considered as an approximate infinite series
Thus, the distance will be 16/(1+1/2) = 10.66 m Hence, option 2.

QUESTION: 26

A rectangular shed ABCD of length 10√3 m and breadth 5 m exists on a field as shown in the figure below. A cow is tethered to the point O with a rope of length 28 m. Points O, A and B are collinear. l(OB) = 10 m. Find the total area of the field (in sq.m) that the cow can graze, given that, it cannot enter the shed.

Solution:

The path used to graze by the cow is as shown below: 

As shown in the figure, the total area of the field that the cow can graze 

Hence, option 3.

QUESTION: 27

Let A1 be a circle of radius r1. An equilateral triangle B1 is inscribed in this circle A1 such that all the vertices of B1 lie on the circumference of A1 . Another circle A2 is inscribed in the triangle B1 such that A2 touches all three sides of B1. Another equilateral triangle B2 is inscribed in the circle A2.Another circle A3 is inscribed in the triangle B2 and so on. What is the ratio of the perimeter o f A16 to the perimeter of B13 ?

Solution:

Radius of circle A1 is r1

It can be observed from the figure that, radius of A2 is r1/2 and length of side of B1 is √3r1
Thus, the radii of circles A1, A2, Aand so on, form a GP with common ratio 1/2.
Also, the length o f each side o f triangles B1, B2 , B3 and so on, form a GP with common ratio 1/2.

Hence, option 1.

QUESTION: 28

Tata Motors manufactures cars in two batches. 1/9th of the cars in batch A and 2/7th of the cars in batch B are defective. If two cars are selected, one each from each batch, what is the probability that exactly one of the cars is non-defective?

Solution:

Exactly one of the cars is non-defective.
Required probability = (Batch A is non-defective and B is defective) or (Batch A is defective and B is non-defective) = (8/9) x (2/7) + (1/9) x (5/7) = 21/63
= 1/3
Hence, option 3.

QUESTION: 29

The efficiency of tap A is 80% less than that of tap B. If both the taps are simultaneously opened, the tank gets filled in 60 hours. What is the time taken to fill the tank if only tap A is opened?

Solution:

The efficiency of tap A is 80% less than that of tap B i.e. it is 20% of tap B’ efficiency.
Let the efficiency of tap B be 1 unit/hour. Efficiency of tap A = 0.2 units/hour When both taps are opened simultaneously, they fill 0.2 + 1 i.e. 1.2 units/hour.
Since the tank gets filled in 60 hours, capacity of tank = 60 x 1.2 = 72 units

Hence, option 2.

QUESTION: 30

If f{x} denotes the smallest integer greater than or equal to x, what is the positive difference between the maximum and minimum value of y * f{x} such that: - 3 .2  x  3.2 and y = (y ,y  integers, |y| < 15}  

Solution:

The maximum value of f{x} as well as y is positive.
So, y x f{x} takes its maximum value when both f{x} and y are maximum.
Maximum value of y x f{x} = 14 xf{3.2} = 14 x 4 = 56. The minimum value of f{x} as well as y is negative.
Hence, if both of them are considered for minimum value of y x f{x}, the product becomes positive (which is not minimum).

Hence, consider the minimum value of one and the maximum value of the other variable to get the minimum product (as their signs will be negative).
Minimum value of y x f{x} = -14 xf{3.2} = -14 x 4 = -56 Hence, option 4.
Note: If you take y = 14 (maximum) and f{-3.2} = -3 (i.e. minimum), the product becomes -42. This is not the minimum value of the product, as seen above.

QUESTION: 31

A solid right circular cone is inscribed inside a hollow sphere of radius 10 cm. The height of the cone is two times its radius (i.e., radius of base of the cone). Find the ratio of volume of the cone to the volume of the sphere.

Solution:

Let the height of the cone be 2r, where r is the radius of base of the cone. 

QUESTION: 32

Solution:

QUESTION: 33

A watch is set correctly at 6 p.m. on Monday, 5th Jan 2014. On the next day at 9 a.m., the watch showed 5:30 a.m. What time would the watch have shown at 6 a.m. on Tuesday, 6th Jan 2014?

Solution:

Actual time elapsed between 6 p.m. on Monday and 9 a.m. on the next day = 15 hours.
Since the watch showed 5:30 a.m. at 9 a.m., it lost 3 hours and 30 minutes in 15 hours. i.e. 210 minutes in 15 hours.
Now, actual time elapsed between 6 p.m. on Monday and 6 a.m. on the next day = 12 hours. 

Thus, the watch will show a time 2 hours and 48 minutes before 6 a.m. i.e. 3:12 a.m.
Hence, option 4.

QUESTION: 34

A string of length 45/π cm is attached to a ball at its centre. The other end of the string is tied to ceiling of the physics lab. Manoj, the lab assistant taps the ball such that the string makes an angle of 60° with the vertical axis. The professor observes that the angle subtended with the vertical axis decreases by 12.5 % each time the ball travels from one extreme end to the other. Find the distance travelled by the centre of the ball until it comes to rest?

Solution:

Length of the arc = lθ (Where l is the length of the string and 6 is angle subtended by the arc at the centre in radians) 

 

QUESTION: 35

In how many ways can you select an ace or a diamond from a well shuffled pack of cards?

Solution:

There are 4 aces in a pack of cards.
Number of ways to select one ace = 4C1 = 4 ways. Number of diamonds in a pack of cards =13. Number of ways to select one diamond = 13C1 = 13 ways But there is one card which is an ace of diamond.
We can select that in 1 way.
Total number o f ways to select an ace or a diamond = 13 + 4 - 1 = 16 ways Hence, option 1.

QUESTION: 36

Anil Dhirubhai Ambani Group’s Reliance Communications Ltd. (RCoM) tied up with which USA based company to offer Internet of Things (loT) services in India?

Solution:

Solution: Option 1

QUESTION: 37

Match the current Indian Union Ministers and their portfolios in the following question? 

Solution:

Solution: Option 3.

QUESTION: 38

Which of the following is considered the first avatar of Lord Vishnu from his Dashavatara?

Solution:

Solution: Option 4.

QUESTION: 39

Which of the following is not a member state of SAARC?

Solution:

Solution: Option 4.

QUESTION: 40

In order to strengthen the ties between India and Afghanistan, which of the following dams was renamed by the Afghan cabinet as Afghan-lndia Friendship Dam?

Solution:

Solution: Option 2.

QUESTION: 41

Who was the winner of the 2015 Man Booker Prize?

Solution:

Solution: Option 4.

QUESTION: 42

Match the Days and Dates 

Solution:

Solution: Option 2.

QUESTION: 43

Match the previous Secretary Generals of SAARC and their nationality.

Solution:

Solution: Option 1.

QUESTION: 44

General Electric is all set to acquire which of the following in 2016?

Solution:

Solution: Option 4.

QUESTION: 45

Who among the following has been Maharashtra's Tiger Ambassador?

Solution:

Solution: Option 4.

QUESTION: 46

What is India's GDP (nominal) ranking globally?

Solution:

Solution: Option 1.

QUESTION: 47

Arrange the following waterfalls in India as per ascending order of their height.

i. Dudhsagar falls

ii. Jog falls

iii. Kunchikal falls

iv. Thaliyar falls

Solution:

Solution: Option 2.

QUESTION: 48

Which of the following is the world's first airport powered entirely by solar energy?    

Solution:

Solution: Option 4.

QUESTION: 49

The government of India has launched a mission to provide the institutional capacity to train a minimum of 300 million skilled people by 2022. What is the official name of this scheme?

Solution:

Solution: Option 1.

QUESTION: 50

Who is the current governor of Maharashtra?

Solution:

Solution: Option 4.

QUESTION: 51

What is the border between Germany and Poland known as?

Solution:

Solution: Option 1.

QUESTION: 52

Which of the following instruments was launched by the Union Science and Technology Minister with intergrated 3-D features?

Solution:

Solution: Option 3.

QUESTION: 53

The idea of small and payments banks was first proposed by which of the following committees?

Solution:

Solution: Option 4.

QUESTION: 54

Tinder's former Vice President of Marketing, Whitney Wolfe started which of the following companies?

Solution:

Solution: Option 2.

QUESTION: 55

Match the sports personality with their respective sports.

Solution:

Solution: Option 1.

QUESTION: 56

Which of the following is a movement that practiced the Gandhian methods of satyagraha and non-violent resistance, through the act of hugging trees to protect them from being felled?

Solution:

Solution: Option 2.

QUESTION: 57

Who won the 2016 Pro Kabaddi League in India?

Solution:

Solution: Option 1.

QUESTION: 58

Atmakatha is an autobiography written by which freedom fighter during his/her 3-year prison term in Bankipur Jail?

Solution:

Solution: Option 4.

QUESTION: 59

A military coup in Turkey intended to bring down which of the following leaders?

Solution:

Solution: Option 3.

QUESTION: 60

Which of these mobile communications companies was acquired by London-based IMI mobile?

Solution:

Solution: Option 4.

QUESTION: 61

Which among the following is/are the member of G-20 nations?

1. Italy

2. South Africa

3. Canada

Solution:

Solution: Option 4.

QUESTION: 62

Rashtriya Swasthya Bima Yojana is a project under which of the following ministries?

Solution:

Solution: Option 2.

QUESTION: 63

Which country hosted the 8th BRICS Summit?

Solution:

Solution: Option 3.

QUESTION: 64

Group Question

Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given at the end.


The official FIFA records suggest that the Ukrainian national team, as a separate and recognized entity, has existed for only twenty years. Over these two decades their record has been rather unimpressive: one World Cup appearance in 2006, where they advanced to the quarterfinals, and automatic qualification for Euro 2012 as co-hosts. But this unremarkable performance belies a glorious footballing legacy that Ukraine left behind as part of the Soviet Union. The books say that Russia is the official successor national team of the USSR. This appropriation of history overlooks just how influential Ukrainian players and clubs were in the Soviet era. Ukraine exists as an independent state since just 1992. But football in Ukraine goes much further back.

As it happened in so many corners of the globe, from the River Plate to Rotterdam, football first came to Ukraine, when it was still a part of Imperial Russia, by way of what David Goldblatt called the ‘informal empire,’ the assortment of British soldiers, merchants, officials, and businessmen that traveled the world and brought the game with them. British sailors were seen playing the game at the docks in the Black Sea port of Odessa as early as the 1860s, and in 1878 the first ever football club, the Odessa British Athletic Club, was formed in Ukraine, although it was composed entirely of Englishmen. Six years later the club built the first ever football pitch in the country. Though at first treated with skepticism by the local population, the appeal of the game proved utterly irresistible and quickly spread across the land. It became especially popular in Western Ukraine, where its growth was aided by the Sokol movement, and it was in Lviv that the first documented match on the territory of Ukraine took place.The match was an unorthodox affair to say the least. On July 14, 1894, several sporting tournaments were held in Lviv, among them a football match between the Sokol clubs of Lviv and Krakow. Wtodzimierz Chomicki put the Lviv side ahead in the 6th minute, but the referee called the match off soon afterward, as there was to be a gymnastics competition held in the same stadium. Chomicki’s goal is considered the first in the history of both Polish and Ukrainian football. Quite appropriate that these two nations are now cohosting the first European championships to ever be held in Eastern Europe. 

Football’s popularity continued to spread in the early 1900s. Gymanstics-Sports Club, later renamed Pohon, was founded in Lviv in 1904 and would go on to become one of the best sides of the Polish league in the interwar period. It was in Lviv that Ukraine’s first city-wide league was organized in 1906. Meanwhile the Sokol movement continued to be influential and helped establish the game in Kyiv. By 1911 city-wide championships were organized in both Kyiv and Odessa. It appeared that the momentum of football’s rise was unstoppable. But in 1914, as the European empires and democracies mobilized their armies and prepared for war on an unprecedented, devastating scale, football was put on hold indefinitely. 

As a result of the First World War and the collapse of Imperial Europe, the borders were redrawn across the continent. Most of Western Ukraine now fell under the sovereignty of the recreated Polish state, while the Transcarpathian region and parts of Southwestern Ukraine were ceded to Czechoslovakia and Romania, respectively. Though divided between different nations, Ukrainian teams continued to prosper. Lviv, now a part of Poland, remained a footballing powerhouse. Pohon won the Polish league on four occasions, while Sparta Lviv were runners up to Wista Krakow in the only Polish Cup ever held before the outbreak of the Second World War. Rus' of Uzhorod won the Slovak championship in 1933, though this was not an official national title. The rest of Ukraine was, by 1922, incorporated into the Soviet Union as the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic. Kharkiv, then the capital of the republic, emerged as the dominant force in Ukrainian football. Teams from Kharkiv won eight of the eleven national tournaments held in Ukrainian SSRfrom 1921-1936. The Kharkiv side also defeated the selection from Leningrad in the first Sovietwide cup competition in 1924, the predecessor to the Soviet League. Several Kharkiv players featured on the USSR national team. During this era, teams were not yet organized as clubs in the modern sense. Instead, the teams were the best players taken from each city, playing in a Ukraine-wide knockout cup format. But this would soon change. The legendary club side Dynamo Kyiv, formed in 1927, won the last of the Ukrainian SSR tournaments in 1936, the first time a ‘club’ triumphed in these cup competitions. 1936 was also the first time the USSR championship was held and organized in a league format. Dynamo finished as runners up in the inaugural competition. Curiously, six decades before Ukraine played their first ever official match, an unofficial national Ukrainian national team took the field in an unrecognized friendly against Turkey. In 1933, the Turkish national team were on their way home after having defeated the Soviet Union 2-1. But while en route to Odessa, from where they were to complete their final leg of their journey across the Black Sea, they were challenged to a rematch by a side made up exclusively of Ukrainian players. The match took place in Kharkiv, where the billboards advertised the event as “National team of Ukraine vs. National team of Turkey.” The Ukrainian squad was made up of seven players from Kharkiv, but it was Kyiv-based striker Konstantin Shegodksiy whose hat trick made the difference as Ukraine emerged victorious, 3-2.

Kyiv was fast becoming a rising center for sport, as demonstrated by the ambitious plans to build a 50,000 capacity National Sports Complex in the city. The opening match was to take place between Dynamo Kyiv and CSKA Moscow on June 22. But as fate would have it, on that very day the Germans invaded the Soviet Union and Kyiv was bombed by the Luftwaffe. The Great Patriotic War had begun. A banner was hung on the stadium with the rather optimistic inscription “Postponed until victory.” Despite the war, many of the Dynamo players continued to play football during the occupation of Kyiv. FC Start, composed of eight players from Dynamo and three from Lokomotiv Kyiv, was formed in the spring of 1942, and won their inaugural match 7-2 over fellow Ukrainan side Rukh on June 7 of that year. Over the summer Start played several matches against teams made up of the occupying garrisons of the Romanians, Hungarians, and Germans, and won them all. On August 6 they defeated Flakelf, an elite team composed of players from the German air force. Flakelf challenged Start to a rematch, which took place three days later. The details of this encounter are murky and inconsistent. According to some reports, the Germans played dirty and constantly fouled the Start players, but the referee, an SS officer, ignored the appeals of the Ukrainians. Regardless, FC Start still ran out 5-3 winners. In the aftermath of the match, many of the FC Start members were arrested, tortured, and executed by the Germans. This is where it becomes difficult to distinguish between myth and truth. The Soviet propaganda machine characterized the Start players as heroes who defiantly ignored German threats, winning the match despite knowing that it would cost them their lives. Dubbed the ‘Death Match,’ it became a popular and romanticized story in the Soviet Union and spawned two films. But the accuracy of this version of events is dubious. The prosecution office of the city Hamburg declared in 2005 that there was no evidence that the players were shot for winning the match. Regardless of what really transpired, the match entered the Ukrainian national consciousness as symbolic of both brave resistance and footballing prowess. In the decades after the Second World War, Ukraine would assert itself as a football powerhouse on the European stage.

 

 

Q. The match between Ukrainians and Germans was dubbed  as 'Death Match' because:

Solution:

The passage clearly states that “In the aftermath of the match, many of the FC Start members were arrested, tortured, and executed by the Germans.” This vindicates option 2 as correct.
Although the match was played amid war, it doesn't have any connection with the 'Death Match'. So, eliminate option 1.
The passage mentions that the Ukranian players were injured by the Germans during the match, but the cause of their death was the torture that followed the match. So, eliminate option 3.
Eliminate option 4.
Hence, the correct answer is option 2.

QUESTION: 65

The official FIFA records suggest that the Ukrainian national team, as a separate and recognized entity, has existed for only twenty years. Over these two decades their record has been rather unimpressive: one World Cup appearance in 2006, where they advanced to the quarterfinals, and automatic qualification for Euro 2012 as co-hosts. But this unremarkable performance belies a glorious footballing legacy that Ukraine left behind as part of the Soviet Union. The books say that Russia is the official successor national team of the USSR. This appropriation of history overlooks just how influential Ukrainian players and clubs were in the Soviet era. Ukraine exists as an independent state since just 1992. But football in Ukraine goes much further back.

As it happened in so many corners of the globe, from the River Plate to Rotterdam, football first came to Ukraine, when it was still a part of Imperial Russia, by way of what David Goldblatt called the ‘informal empire,’ the assortment of British soldiers, merchants, officials, and businessmen that traveled the world and brought the game with them. British sailors were seen playing the game at the docks in the Black Sea port of Odessa as early as the 1860s, and in 1878 the first ever football club, the Odessa British Athletic Club, was formed in Ukraine, although it was composed entirely of Englishmen. Six years later the club built the first ever football pitch in the country. Though at first treated with skepticism by the local population, the appeal of the game proved utterly irresistible and quickly spread across the land. It became especially popular in Western Ukraine, where its growth was aided by the Sokol movement, and it was in Lviv that the first documented match on the territory of Ukraine took place.The match was an unorthodox affair to say the least. On July 14, 1894, several sporting tournaments were held in Lviv, among them a football match between the Sokol clubs of Lviv and Krakow. Wtodzimierz Chomicki put the Lviv side ahead in the 6th minute, but the referee called the match off soon afterward, as there was to be a gymnastics competition held in the same stadium. Chomicki’s goal is considered the first in the history of both Polish and Ukrainian football. Quite appropriate that these two nations are now cohosting the first European championships to ever be held in Eastern Europe. 

Football’s popularity continued to spread in the early 1900s. Gymanstics-Sports Club, later renamed Pohon, was founded in Lviv in 1904 and would go on to become one of the best sides of the Polish league in the interwar period. It was in Lviv that Ukraine’s first city-wide league was organized in 1906. Meanwhile the Sokol movement continued to be influential and helped establish the game in Kyiv. By 1911 city-wide championships were organized in both Kyiv and Odessa. It appeared that the momentum of football’s rise was unstoppable. But in 1914, as the European empires and democracies mobilized their armies and prepared for war on an unprecedented, devastating scale, football was put on hold indefinitely. 

As a result of the First World War and the collapse of Imperial Europe, the borders were redrawn across the continent. Most of Western Ukraine now fell under the sovereignty of the recreated Polish state, while the Transcarpathian region and parts of Southwestern Ukraine were ceded to Czechoslovakia and Romania, respectively. Though divided between different nations, Ukrainian teams continued to prosper. Lviv, now a part of Poland, remained a footballing powerhouse. Pohon won the Polish league on four occasions, while Sparta Lviv were runners up to Wista Krakow in the only Polish Cup ever held before the outbreak of the Second World War. Rus' of Uzhorod won the Slovak championship in 1933, though this was not an official national title. The rest of Ukraine was, by 1922, incorporated into the Soviet Union as the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic. Kharkiv, then the capital of the republic, emerged as the dominant force in Ukrainian football. Teams from Kharkiv won eight of the eleven national tournaments held in Ukrainian SSRfrom 1921-1936. The Kharkiv side also defeated the selection from Leningrad in the first Sovietwide cup competition in 1924, the predecessor to the Soviet League. Several Kharkiv players featured on the USSR national team. During this era, teams were not yet organized as clubs in the modern sense. Instead, the teams were the best players taken from each city, playing in a Ukraine-wide knockout cup format. But this would soon change. The legendary club side Dynamo Kyiv, formed in 1927, won the last of the Ukrainian SSR tournaments in 1936, the first time a ‘club’ triumphed in these cup competitions. 1936 was also the first time the USSR championship was held and organized in a league format. Dynamo finished as runners up in the inaugural competition. Curiously, six decades before Ukraine played their first ever official match, an unofficial national Ukrainian national team took the field in an unrecognized friendly against Turkey. In 1933, the Turkish national team were on their way home after having defeated the Soviet Union 2-1. But while en route to Odessa, from where they were to complete their final leg of their journey across the Black Sea, they were challenged to a rematch by a side made up exclusively of Ukrainian players. The match took place in Kharkiv, where the billboards advertised the event as “National team of Ukraine vs. National team of Turkey.” The Ukrainian squad was made up of seven players from Kharkiv, but it was Kyiv-based striker Konstantin Shegodksiy whose hat trick made the difference as Ukraine emerged victorious, 3-2.

Kyiv was fast becoming a rising center for sport, as demonstrated by the ambitious plans to build a 50,000 capacity National Sports Complex in the city. The opening match was to take place between Dynamo Kyiv and CSKA Moscow on June 22. But as fate would have it, on that very day the Germans invaded the Soviet Union and Kyiv was bombed by the Luftwaffe. The Great Patriotic War had begun. A banner was hung on the stadium with the rather optimistic inscription “Postponed until victory.” Despite the war, many of the Dynamo players continued to play football during the occupation of Kyiv. FC Start, composed of eight players from Dynamo and three from Lokomotiv Kyiv, was formed in the spring of 1942, and won their inaugural match 7-2 over fellow Ukrainan side Rukh on June 7 of that year. Over the summer Start played several matches against teams made up of the occupying garrisons of the Romanians, Hungarians, and Germans, and won them all. On August 6 they defeated Flakelf, an elite team composed of players from the German air force. Flakelf challenged Start to a rematch, which took place three days later. The details of this encounter are murky and inconsistent. According to some reports, the Germans played dirty and constantly fouled the Start players, but the referee, an SS officer, ignored the appeals of the Ukrainians. Regardless, FC Start still ran out 5-3 winners. In the aftermath of the match, many of the FC Start members were arrested, tortured, and executed by the Germans. This is where it becomes difficult to distinguish between myth and truth. The Soviet propaganda machine characterized the Start players as heroes who defiantly ignored German threats, winning the match despite knowing that it would cost them their lives. Dubbed the ‘Death Match,’ it became a popular and romanticized story in the Soviet Union and spawned two films. But the accuracy of this version of events is dubious. The prosecution office of the city Hamburg declared in 2005 that there was no evidence that the players were shot for winning the match. Regardless of what really transpired, the match entered the Ukrainian national consciousness as symbolic of both brave resistance and footballing prowess. In the decades after the Second World War, Ukraine would assert itself as a football powerhouse on the European stage.

 

 

Q. The team of FC Start, formed in the spring of 1942 consisted of 11 players from which of the following places?

Solution:

The passage, clearly states “FC Start, composed of eight players from Dynamo and three from Lokomotiv Kyiv.” Hence, the correct answer is option 1.

QUESTION: 66

The official FIFA records suggest that the Ukrainian national team, as a separate and recognized entity, has existed for only twenty years. Over these two decades their record has been rather unimpressive: one World Cup appearance in 2006, where they advanced to the quarterfinals, and automatic qualification for Euro 2012 as co-hosts. But this unremarkable performance belies a glorious footballing legacy that Ukraine left behind as part of the Soviet Union. The books say that Russia is the official successor national team of the USSR. This appropriation of history overlooks just how influential Ukrainian players and clubs were in the Soviet era. Ukraine exists as an independent state since just 1992. But football in Ukraine goes much further back.

As it happened in so many corners of the globe, from the River Plate to Rotterdam, football first came to Ukraine, when it was still a part of Imperial Russia, by way of what David Goldblatt called the ‘informal empire,’ the assortment of British soldiers, merchants, officials, and businessmen that traveled the world and brought the game with them. British sailors were seen playing the game at the docks in the Black Sea port of Odessa as early as the 1860s, and in 1878 the first ever football club, the Odessa British Athletic Club, was formed in Ukraine, although it was composed entirely of Englishmen. Six years later the club built the first ever football pitch in the country. Though at first treated with skepticism by the local population, the appeal of the game proved utterly irresistible and quickly spread across the land. It became especially popular in Western Ukraine, where its growth was aided by the Sokol movement, and it was in Lviv that the first documented match on the territory of Ukraine took place.The match was an unorthodox affair to say the least. On July 14, 1894, several sporting tournaments were held in Lviv, among them a football match between the Sokol clubs of Lviv and Krakow. Wtodzimierz Chomicki put the Lviv side ahead in the 6th minute, but the referee called the match off soon afterward, as there was to be a gymnastics competition held in the same stadium. Chomicki’s goal is considered the first in the history of both Polish and Ukrainian football. Quite appropriate that these two nations are now cohosting the first European championships to ever be held in Eastern Europe. 

Football’s popularity continued to spread in the early 1900s. Gymanstics-Sports Club, later renamed Pohon, was founded in Lviv in 1904 and would go on to become one of the best sides of the Polish league in the interwar period. It was in Lviv that Ukraine’s first city-wide league was organized in 1906. Meanwhile the Sokol movement continued to be influential and helped establish the game in Kyiv. By 1911 city-wide championships were organized in both Kyiv and Odessa. It appeared that the momentum of football’s rise was unstoppable. But in 1914, as the European empires and democracies mobilized their armies and prepared for war on an unprecedented, devastating scale, football was put on hold indefinitely. 

As a result of the First World War and the collapse of Imperial Europe, the borders were redrawn across the continent. Most of Western Ukraine now fell under the sovereignty of the recreated Polish state, while the Transcarpathian region and parts of Southwestern Ukraine were ceded to Czechoslovakia and Romania, respectively. Though divided between different nations, Ukrainian teams continued to prosper. Lviv, now a part of Poland, remained a footballing powerhouse. Pohon won the Polish league on four occasions, while Sparta Lviv were runners up to Wista Krakow in the only Polish Cup ever held before the outbreak of the Second World War. Rus' of Uzhorod won the Slovak championship in 1933, though this was not an official national title. The rest of Ukraine was, by 1922, incorporated into the Soviet Union as the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic. Kharkiv, then the capital of the republic, emerged as the dominant force in Ukrainian football. Teams from Kharkiv won eight of the eleven national tournaments held in Ukrainian SSRfrom 1921-1936. The Kharkiv side also defeated the selection from Leningrad in the first Sovietwide cup competition in 1924, the predecessor to the Soviet League. Several Kharkiv players featured on the USSR national team. During this era, teams were not yet organized as clubs in the modern sense. Instead, the teams were the best players taken from each city, playing in a Ukraine-wide knockout cup format. But this would soon change. The legendary club side Dynamo Kyiv, formed in 1927, won the last of the Ukrainian SSR tournaments in 1936, the first time a ‘club’ triumphed in these cup competitions. 1936 was also the first time the USSR championship was held and organized in a league format. Dynamo finished as runners up in the inaugural competition. Curiously, six decades before Ukraine played their first ever official match, an unofficial national Ukrainian national team took the field in an unrecognized friendly against Turkey. In 1933, the Turkish national team were on their way home after having defeated the Soviet Union 2-1. But while en route to Odessa, from where they were to complete their final leg of their journey across the Black Sea, they were challenged to a rematch by a side made up exclusively of Ukrainian players. The match took place in Kharkiv, where the billboards advertised the event as “National team of Ukraine vs. National team of Turkey.” The Ukrainian squad was made up of seven players from Kharkiv, but it was Kyiv-based striker Konstantin Shegodksiy whose hat trick made the difference as Ukraine emerged victorious, 3-2.

Kyiv was fast becoming a rising center for sport, as demonstrated by the ambitious plans to build a 50,000 capacity National Sports Complex in the city. The opening match was to take place between Dynamo Kyiv and CSKA Moscow on June 22. But as fate would have it, on that very day the Germans invaded the Soviet Union and Kyiv was bombed by the Luftwaffe. The Great Patriotic War had begun. A banner was hung on the stadium with the rather optimistic inscription “Postponed until victory.” Despite the war, many of the Dynamo players continued to play football during the occupation of Kyiv. FC Start, composed of eight players from Dynamo and three from Lokomotiv Kyiv, was formed in the spring of 1942, and won their inaugural match 7-2 over fellow Ukrainan side Rukh on June 7 of that year. Over the summer Start played several matches against teams made up of the occupying garrisons of the Romanians, Hungarians, and Germans, and won them all. On August 6 they defeated Flakelf, an elite team composed of players from the German air force. Flakelf challenged Start to a rematch, which took place three days later. The details of this encounter are murky and inconsistent. According to some reports, the Germans played dirty and constantly fouled the Start players, but the referee, an SS officer, ignored the appeals of the Ukrainians. Regardless, FC Start still ran out 5-3 winners. In the aftermath of the match, many of the FC Start members were arrested, tortured, and executed by the Germans. This is where it becomes difficult to distinguish between myth and truth. The Soviet propaganda machine characterized the Start players as heroes who defiantly ignored German threats, winning the match despite knowing that it would cost them their lives. Dubbed the ‘Death Match,’ it became a popular and romanticized story in the Soviet Union and spawned two films. But the accuracy of this version of events is dubious. The prosecution office of the city Hamburg declared in 2005 that there was no evidence that the players were shot for winning the match. Regardless of what really transpired, the match entered the Ukrainian national consciousness as symbolic of both brave resistance and footballing prowess. In the decades after the Second World War, Ukraine would assert itself as a football powerhouse on the European stage.

 

 

Q. Match the following 

Solution:

Rus’ of Uzhorod won the Slovak championship in 1933. Dynamo Kyiv club was formed in 1927.
FC start won inaugral match in 1942 First USSR championship was held in 1936.
The above four combinations can be found in option 1. Therefore, the correct answer is option 1.

QUESTION: 67

The official FIFA records suggest that the Ukrainian national team, as a separate and recognized entity, has existed for only twenty years. Over these two decades their record has been rather unimpressive: one World Cup appearance in 2006, where they advanced to the quarterfinals, and automatic qualification for Euro 2012 as co-hosts. But this unremarkable performance belies a glorious footballing legacy that Ukraine left behind as part of the Soviet Union. The books say that Russia is the official successor national team of the USSR. This appropriation of history overlooks just how influential Ukrainian players and clubs were in the Soviet era. Ukraine exists as an independent state since just 1992. But football in Ukraine goes much further back.

As it happened in so many corners of the globe, from the River Plate to Rotterdam, football first came to Ukraine, when it was still a part of Imperial Russia, by way of what David Goldblatt called the ‘informal empire,’ the assortment of British soldiers, merchants, officials, and businessmen that traveled the world and brought the game with them. British sailors were seen playing the game at the docks in the Black Sea port of Odessa as early as the 1860s, and in 1878 the first ever football club, the Odessa British Athletic Club, was formed in Ukraine, although it was composed entirely of Englishmen. Six years later the club built the first ever football pitch in the country. Though at first treated with skepticism by the local population, the appeal of the game proved utterly irresistible and quickly spread across the land. It became especially popular in Western Ukraine, where its growth was aided by the Sokol movement, and it was in Lviv that the first documented match on the territory of Ukraine took place.The match was an unorthodox affair to say the least. On July 14, 1894, several sporting tournaments were held in Lviv, among them a football match between the Sokol clubs of Lviv and Krakow. Wtodzimierz Chomicki put the Lviv side ahead in the 6th minute, but the referee called the match off soon afterward, as there was to be a gymnastics competition held in the same stadium. Chomicki’s goal is considered the first in the history of both Polish and Ukrainian football. Quite appropriate that these two nations are now cohosting the first European championships to ever be held in Eastern Europe. 

Football’s popularity continued to spread in the early 1900s. Gymanstics-Sports Club, later renamed Pohon, was founded in Lviv in 1904 and would go on to become one of the best sides of the Polish league in the interwar period. It was in Lviv that Ukraine’s first city-wide league was organized in 1906. Meanwhile the Sokol movement continued to be influential and helped establish the game in Kyiv. By 1911 city-wide championships were organized in both Kyiv and Odessa. It appeared that the momentum of football’s rise was unstoppable. But in 1914, as the European empires and democracies mobilized their armies and prepared for war on an unprecedented, devastating scale, football was put on hold indefinitely. 

As a result of the First World War and the collapse of Imperial Europe, the borders were redrawn across the continent. Most of Western Ukraine now fell under the sovereignty of the recreated Polish state, while the Transcarpathian region and parts of Southwestern Ukraine were ceded to Czechoslovakia and Romania, respectively. Though divided between different nations, Ukrainian teams continued to prosper. Lviv, now a part of Poland, remained a footballing powerhouse. Pohon won the Polish league on four occasions, while Sparta Lviv were runners up to Wista Krakow in the only Polish Cup ever held before the outbreak of the Second World War. Rus' of Uzhorod won the Slovak championship in 1933, though this was not an official national title. The rest of Ukraine was, by 1922, incorporated into the Soviet Union as the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic. Kharkiv, then the capital of the republic, emerged as the dominant force in Ukrainian football. Teams from Kharkiv won eight of the eleven national tournaments held in Ukrainian SSRfrom 1921-1936. The Kharkiv side also defeated the selection from Leningrad in the first Sovietwide cup competition in 1924, the predecessor to the Soviet League. Several Kharkiv players featured on the USSR national team. During this era, teams were not yet organized as clubs in the modern sense. Instead, the teams were the best players taken from each city, playing in a Ukraine-wide knockout cup format. But this would soon change. The legendary club side Dynamo Kyiv, formed in 1927, won the last of the Ukrainian SSR tournaments in 1936, the first time a ‘club’ triumphed in these cup competitions. 1936 was also the first time the USSR championship was held and organized in a league format. Dynamo finished as runners up in the inaugural competition. Curiously, six decades before Ukraine played their first ever official match, an unofficial national Ukrainian national team took the field in an unrecognized friendly against Turkey. In 1933, the Turkish national team were on their way home after having defeated the Soviet Union 2-1. But while en route to Odessa, from where they were to complete their final leg of their journey across the Black Sea, they were challenged to a rematch by a side made up exclusively of Ukrainian players. The match took place in Kharkiv, where the billboards advertised the event as “National team of Ukraine vs. National team of Turkey.” The Ukrainian squad was made up of seven players from Kharkiv, but it was Kyiv-based striker Konstantin Shegodksiy whose hat trick made the difference as Ukraine emerged victorious, 3-2.

Kyiv was fast becoming a rising center for sport, as demonstrated by the ambitious plans to build a 50,000 capacity National Sports Complex in the city. The opening match was to take place between Dynamo Kyiv and CSKA Moscow on June 22. But as fate would have it, on that very day the Germans invaded the Soviet Union and Kyiv was bombed by the Luftwaffe. The Great Patriotic War had begun. A banner was hung on the stadium with the rather optimistic inscription “Postponed until victory.” Despite the war, many of the Dynamo players continued to play football during the occupation of Kyiv. FC Start, composed of eight players from Dynamo and three from Lokomotiv Kyiv, was formed in the spring of 1942, and won their inaugural match 7-2 over fellow Ukrainan side Rukh on June 7 of that year. Over the summer Start played several matches against teams made up of the occupying garrisons of the Romanians, Hungarians, and Germans, and won them all. On August 6 they defeated Flakelf, an elite team composed of players from the German air force. Flakelf challenged Start to a rematch, which took place three days later. The details of this encounter are murky and inconsistent. According to some reports, the Germans played dirty and constantly fouled the Start players, but the referee, an SS officer, ignored the appeals of the Ukrainians. Regardless, FC Start still ran out 5-3 winners. In the aftermath of the match, many of the FC Start members were arrested, tortured, and executed by the Germans. This is where it becomes difficult to distinguish between myth and truth. The Soviet propaganda machine characterized the Start players as heroes who defiantly ignored German threats, winning the match despite knowing that it would cost them their lives. Dubbed the ‘Death Match,’ it became a popular and romanticized story in the Soviet Union and spawned two films. But the accuracy of this version of events is dubious. The prosecution office of the city Hamburg declared in 2005 that there was no evidence that the players were shot for winning the match. Regardless of what really transpired, the match entered the Ukrainian national consciousness as symbolic of both brave resistance and footballing prowess. In the decades after the Second World War, Ukraine would assert itself as a football powerhouse on the European stage.

 

 

Q. Identify the correct statement:

Solution:

Statement 1 is correct, because the passage says that six years after 1878, the Odessa British Athletic Club built the first ever football club in Ukraine.
Statement 2 is incorrect, because it is stated in the passage that “Though divided between different nations, Ukrainian teams continued to prosper.” The teams Pohon and Sparta Lviv belonged to the former Ukranian team.
Statement 3 is incorrect, because it is stated in the passage that"... it was in Lviv that the first documented match on the territory of Ukraine took place.” Statement 4 is incorrect, because it is stated in the passage that “This appropriation of history overlooks just how influential Ukrainian players and clubs were in the Soviet _ jj era.
Hence, the correct answer is option 1.

QUESTION: 68

The official FIFA records suggest that the Ukrainian national team, as a separate and recognized entity, has existed for only twenty years. Over these two decades their record has been rather unimpressive: one World Cup appearance in 2006, where they advanced to the quarterfinals, and automatic qualification for Euro 2012 as co-hosts. But this unremarkable performance belies a glorious footballing legacy that Ukraine left behind as part of the Soviet Union. The books say that Russia is the official successor national team of the USSR. This appropriation of history overlooks just how influential Ukrainian players and clubs were in the Soviet era. Ukraine exists as an independent state since just 1992. But football in Ukraine goes much further back.

As it happened in so many corners of the globe, from the River Plate to Rotterdam, football first came to Ukraine, when it was still a part of Imperial Russia, by way of what David Goldblatt called the ‘informal empire,’ the assortment of British soldiers, merchants, officials, and businessmen that traveled the world and brought the game with them. British sailors were seen playing the game at the docks in the Black Sea port of Odessa as early as the 1860s, and in 1878 the first ever football club, the Odessa British Athletic Club, was formed in Ukraine, although it was composed entirely of Englishmen. Six years later the club built the first ever football pitch in the country. Though at first treated with skepticism by the local population, the appeal of the game proved utterly irresistible and quickly spread across the land. It became especially popular in Western Ukraine, where its growth was aided by the Sokol movement, and it was in Lviv that the first documented match on the territory of Ukraine took place.The match was an unorthodox affair to say the least. On July 14, 1894, several sporting tournaments were held in Lviv, among them a football match between the Sokol clubs of Lviv and Krakow. Wtodzimierz Chomicki put the Lviv side ahead in the 6th minute, but the referee called the match off soon afterward, as there was to be a gymnastics competition held in the same stadium. Chomicki’s goal is considered the first in the history of both Polish and Ukrainian football. Quite appropriate that these two nations are now cohosting the first European championships to ever be held in Eastern Europe. 

Football’s popularity continued to spread in the early 1900s. Gymanstics-Sports Club, later renamed Pohon, was founded in Lviv in 1904 and would go on to become one of the best sides of the Polish league in the interwar period. It was in Lviv that Ukraine’s first city-wide league was organized in 1906. Meanwhile the Sokol movement continued to be influential and helped establish the game in Kyiv. By 1911 city-wide championships were organized in both Kyiv and Odessa. It appeared that the momentum of football’s rise was unstoppable. But in 1914, as the European empires and democracies mobilized their armies and prepared for war on an unprecedented, devastating scale, football was put on hold indefinitely. 

As a result of the First World War and the collapse of Imperial Europe, the borders were redrawn across the continent. Most of Western Ukraine now fell under the sovereignty of the recreated Polish state, while the Transcarpathian region and parts of Southwestern Ukraine were ceded to Czechoslovakia and Romania, respectively. Though divided between different nations, Ukrainian teams continued to prosper. Lviv, now a part of Poland, remained a footballing powerhouse. Pohon won the Polish league on four occasions, while Sparta Lviv were runners up to Wista Krakow in the only Polish Cup ever held before the outbreak of the Second World War. Rus' of Uzhorod won the Slovak championship in 1933, though this was not an official national title. The rest of Ukraine was, by 1922, incorporated into the Soviet Union as the Ukrainian Soviet Socialist Republic. Kharkiv, then the capital of the republic, emerged as the dominant force in Ukrainian football. Teams from Kharkiv won eight of the eleven national tournaments held in Ukrainian SSRfrom 1921-1936. The Kharkiv side also defeated the selection from Leningrad in the first Sovietwide cup competition in 1924, the predecessor to the Soviet League. Several Kharkiv players featured on the USSR national team. During this era, teams were not yet organized as clubs in the modern sense. Instead, the teams were the best players taken from each city, playing in a Ukraine-wide knockout cup format. But this would soon change. The legendary club side Dynamo Kyiv, formed in 1927, won the last of the Ukrainian SSR tournaments in 1936, the first time a ‘club’ triumphed in these cup competitions. 1936 was also the first time the USSR championship was held and organized in a league format. Dynamo finished as runners up in the inaugural competition. Curiously, six decades before Ukraine played their first ever official match, an unofficial national Ukrainian national team took the field in an unrecognized friendly against Turkey. In 1933, the Turkish national team were on their way home after having defeated the Soviet Union 2-1. But while en route to Odessa, from where they were to complete their final leg of their journey across the Black Sea, they were challenged to a rematch by a side made up exclusively of Ukrainian players. The match took place in Kharkiv, where the billboards advertised the event as “National team of Ukraine vs. National team of Turkey.” The Ukrainian squad was made up of seven players from Kharkiv, but it was Kyiv-based striker Konstantin Shegodksiy whose hat trick made the difference as Ukraine emerged victorious, 3-2.

Kyiv was fast becoming a rising center for sport, as demonstrated by the ambitious plans to build a 50,000 capacity National Sports Complex in the city. The opening match was to take place between Dynamo Kyiv and CSKA Moscow on June 22. But as fate would have it, on that very day the Germans invaded the Soviet Union and Kyiv was bombed by the Luftwaffe. The Great Patriotic War had begun. A banner was hung on the stadium with the rather optimistic inscription “Postponed until victory.” Despite the war, many of the Dynamo players continued to play football during the occupation of Kyiv. FC Start, composed of eight players from Dynamo and three from Lokomotiv Kyiv, was formed in the spring of 1942, and won their inaugural match 7-2 over fellow Ukrainan side Rukh on June 7 of that year. Over the summer Start played several matches against teams made up of the occupying garrisons of the Romanians, Hungarians, and Germans, and won them all. On August 6 they defeated Flakelf, an elite team composed of players from the German air force. Flakelf challenged Start to a rematch, which took place three days later. The details of this encounter are murky and inconsistent. According to some reports, the Germans played dirty and constantly fouled the Start players, but the referee, an SS officer, ignored the appeals of the Ukrainians. Regardless, FC Start still ran out 5-3 winners. In the aftermath of the match, many of the FC Start members were arrested, tortured, and executed by the Germans. This is where it becomes difficult to distinguish between myth and truth. The Soviet propaganda machine characterized the Start players as heroes who defiantly ignored German threats, winning the match despite knowing that it would cost them their lives. Dubbed the ‘Death Match,’ it became a popular and romanticized story in the Soviet Union and spawned two films. But the accuracy of this version of events is dubious. The prosecution office of the city Hamburg declared in 2005 that there was no evidence that the players were shot for winning the match. Regardless of what really transpired, the match entered the Ukrainian national consciousness as symbolic of both brave resistance and footballing prowess. In the decades after the Second World War, Ukraine would assert itself as a football powerhouse on the European stage.

 

 

Q. Identify the incorrect statement:  

Solution:

Option 1 is substantiated by the data provided in paragraph 7.
Option 2 is correct as stated in the passage “ The opening ... on June 22. But as...the Luftwaffe".
Option 3 is correct as stated in the passage “As it happened ... with them”.
Option 4 is incorrect as the passage states that “Chomicki’s goal is considered the first in the history of both Polish and Ukrainian football.” Hence, the correct answer is option 4.

QUESTION: 69

Group Question

The passage given below is followed by a set of questions. Choose the most appropriate answer to each question.


The morning of May 25, 1979, was hectic at the New York City home of Stanley and Julie Patz. They lived in a converted loft in Manhattan's Soho district, pioneers in a section of the city that would later become the place-to-be for New York trendsetters. Soho had been Manhattan's manufacturing zone, characterized by block after block of 19th century, iron-fronted factories standing shoulder to shoulder. On overcast days it was easy to imagine the gloomy sweatshop conditions of old New York, but in the 1970s, a fair number of these buildings were dark and empty, and the streets were desolate and forbidding at night. Still, people were making their homes in the neighborhood, breathing new life into it. Artists were first drawn to the area, attracted to the large, open spaces and cheap rents. Stanley Patz, a photographer, and his wife Julie lived in a loft on Prince Street with their three children: Shira, then age 8; Etan, 6; and Ari, 2. 

Julie ran a day-care center out of her home. On the morning of May 25, as was her routine, Julie got her own children ready for the day as she prepared for the 14 preschoolers she cared for. As Julie dished out breakfast for her family, little Etan started agitating to walk himself to the bus stop again. He'd been asking if he could for some time now. A six-week school bus strike had just ended; the buses were scheduled to resume service that day. During the strike, the Patzes had hired a woman to walk Etan to school, but now that the buses were back, Etan pleaded with his parents to let him walk the two blocks to the bus stop by himself. Etan was a good boy, and it was a close-knit neighborhood where the residents watched out for the children, so the Patzes gave in and told him he could walk to the bus stop like a big boy. Etan was elated. He was dressed all in blue that day—blue pants, blue corduroy jacket, and blue sneakers with distinctive fluorescent stripes along the sides. He carried a blue cloth bag with an elephant pattern on the fabric. And as usual he was wearing his black "Future Flight Captain" pilot's cap, which covered his straight, light-brown hair. He pulled it down low over his brow, shading his blue eyes. He wore his prized cap all the time, even to bed. He'd bought it at an outdoor flea market for 10 cents. Julie took Etan downstairs to the street and gave him a dollar for a soft drink at the local bodega. It was a misty morning, and the pavement was wet. Julie watched Etan as he started his big journey, two short blocks to the corner of Prince and West Broadway where the bus would pick him up. She kept her eye on him as he proceeded to the first corner at Wooster Street. After he crossed, Julie went back upstairs, confident that Etan could make it the rest of the way by himself. It was just 150 feet to the bus stop. 

A woman who lived nearby saw Etan as he stood on the corner of Wooster and Prince, a relatively quiet intersection, as he waited to cross. A mailman also saw him at that intersection. They were the last people known to see Etan Patz. The school bus arrived at the West Broadway stop at 8:10 a.m. A group of children got on, but Etan Patz wasn't with them. Later that morning at the Independence Plaza School on Greenwich Street, Etan's first-grade teacher noticed his absence but failed to report it to the principal's office. Julie Patz was unaware that her son was missing until that afternoon. The bus returned to the West Broadway stop at 3:15 p.m. The neighbor who always picked up Etan along with his own daughter was puzzled when Etan didn't get off the bus. His daughter informed him that Etan hadn't been in school that day. The man wondered why Julie or Stanley hadn't called to let him know that Etan was staying home that day. At the Patzes' loft, Julie was beginning to worry. Etan should have been home by now. She called the neighbor who usually escorted Etan and learned for the first time that Etan hadn't been in school that day. Julie immediately called the police, then called her husband who raced home. NYPD Detective William Butler got the call from his dispatcher at 5:15 p.m., and he and his partner drove directly to the Patzes' loft. As soon as Detective Butler spoke to Etan's parents, he knew instinctively that this was not a typical lost-child situation. In most cases it's just a case of crossed signals, kids thinking they have their parents' permission to go to a friend's house when they really don't. Other kids just wander off and play hooky. But Butler felt this case was different. 

The search for Etan Patz began that evening. Nearly 100 officers combed the area, knocking on doors, searching rooftops and basements. The Patzes' apartment was used as a temporary command post because Etan knew his phone number. Julie and Stanley hovered by the phone, praying for him to call. The police stood by in case a kidnapper called in with a ransom demand. The night wore on. Just before midnight it started to rain. Julie fretted because Etan had left that morning with only a light jacket. Detective Butler quietly worried that the rain would wash away Etan's scent. Bloodhounds were being brought in from upstate, but they weren't scheduled to arrive until 8 a.m. He hoped there'd be something left for the hounds to smell. The next morning when the bloodhounds finally arrived, they were given a pair of Etan's pajamas to identify their subject, then they were sent out into the streets with their handlers. In the meantime the search area was expanded to encompass the entire lower end of Manhattan from 14th Street to Battery Park. Police helicopters hovered over the search zone, scanning rooftops. Police boats scoured the waterways. The police appealed to the public for any tip that could lead to the boy's whereabouts. Toll-free telephone numbers were set up, and calls started pouring in, some from as far away as California. Neighborhood residents helped in the search, papering the city with color posters of Etan's face. The media jumped on the story and propagated several erroneous leads regarding Etan Patz sightings in Boston and other places. For days it seemed that Etan's smiling face was everywhere—on lamp poles, in store windows, in the newspapers, on television. The police continued the search, giving it everything they had. But on June 6, 13 days after he disappeared, the emergency response was terminated. Etan Patz's disappearance remained an open case, but most of the officers who had taken part in the search were eventually reassigned to other cases. 

 

 

Q. What could be a likely reason for the bloodhounds' failed attempt to find Etan using his pajamas? 

Solution:

The passage clearly states that “Detective Butler quietly worried that the rain would wash away Etan's scent. Bloodhounds were being brought in from upstate, but they weren't scheduled to arrive until 8 a.m. He hoped there'd be something left for the hounds to smell.”. These lines indicate that there was a distinct possibility of the rain washing away Etan's scent, leading to a failed attempt by the bloodhounds to track him. Option 2 is correct.
Although the passage mentions that the bloodhounds were from upstate, nothing has been said in support of them not being well-trained. Eliminate option 1.
The passage has no data to substantiate option 3.
The passage does state that the bloodhounds' handlers accompanied them, but the passage does not support the assumption that this caused a “mix in scents”.
Hence, the correct answer is option 2.

QUESTION: 70

The morning of May 25, 1979, was hectic at the New York City home of Stanley and Julie Patz. They lived in a converted loft in Manhattan's Soho district, pioneers in a section of the city that would later become the place-to-be for New York trendsetters. Soho had been Manhattan's manufacturing zone, characterized by block after block of 19th century, iron-fronted factories standing shoulder to shoulder. On overcast days it was easy to imagine the gloomy sweatshop conditions of old New York, but in the 1970s, a fair number of these buildings were dark and empty, and the streets were desolate and forbidding at night. Still, people were making their homes in the neighborhood, breathing new life into it. Artists were first drawn to the area, attracted to the large, open spaces and cheap rents. Stanley Patz, a photographer, and his wife Julie lived in a loft on Prince Street with their three children: Shira, then age 8; Etan, 6; and Ari, 2. 

Julie ran a day-care center out of her home. On the morning of May 25, as was her routine, Julie got her own children ready for the day as she prepared for the 14 preschoolers she cared for. As Julie dished out breakfast for her family, little Etan started agitating to walk himself to the bus stop again. He'd been asking if he could for some time now. A six-week school bus strike had just ended; the buses were scheduled to resume service that day. During the strike, the Patzes had hired a woman to walk Etan to school, but now that the buses were back, Etan pleaded with his parents to let him walk the two blocks to the bus stop by himself. Etan was a good boy, and it was a close-knit neighborhood where the residents watched out for the children, so the Patzes gave in and told him he could walk to the bus stop like a big boy. Etan was elated. He was dressed all in blue that day—blue pants, blue corduroy jacket, and blue sneakers with distinctive fluorescent stripes along the sides. He carried a blue cloth bag with an elephant pattern on the fabric. And as usual he was wearing his black "Future Flight Captain" pilot's cap, which covered his straight, light-brown hair. He pulled it down low over his brow, shading his blue eyes. He wore his prized cap all the time, even to bed. He'd bought it at an outdoor flea market for 10 cents. Julie took Etan downstairs to the street and gave him a dollar for a soft drink at the local bodega. It was a misty morning, and the pavement was wet. Julie watched Etan as he started his big journey, two short blocks to the corner of Prince and West Broadway where the bus would pick him up. She kept her eye on him as he proceeded to the first corner at Wooster Street. After he crossed, Julie went back upstairs, confident that Etan could make it the rest of the way by himself. It was just 150 feet to the bus stop. 

A woman who lived nearby saw Etan as he stood on the corner of Wooster and Prince, a relatively quiet intersection, as he waited to cross. A mailman also saw him at that intersection. They were the last people known to see Etan Patz. The school bus arrived at the West Broadway stop at 8:10 a.m. A group of children got on, but Etan Patz wasn't with them. Later that morning at the Independence Plaza School on Greenwich Street, Etan's first-grade teacher noticed his absence but failed to report it to the principal's office. Julie Patz was unaware that her son was missing until that afternoon. The bus returned to the West Broadway stop at 3:15 p.m. The neighbor who always picked up Etan along with his own daughter was puzzled when Etan didn't get off the bus. His daughter informed him that Etan hadn't been in school that day. The man wondered why Julie or Stanley hadn't called to let him know that Etan was staying home that day. At the Patzes' loft, Julie was beginning to worry. Etan should have been home by now. She called the neighbor who usually escorted Etan and learned for the first time that Etan hadn't been in school that day. Julie immediately called the police, then called her husband who raced home. NYPD Detective William Butler got the call from his dispatcher at 5:15 p.m., and he and his partner drove directly to the Patzes' loft. As soon as Detective Butler spoke to Etan's parents, he knew instinctively that this was not a typical lost-child situation. In most cases it's just a case of crossed signals, kids thinking they have their parents' permission to go to a friend's house when they really don't. Other kids just wander off and play hooky. But Butler felt this case was different. 

The search for Etan Patz began that evening. Nearly 100 officers combed the area, knocking on doors, searching rooftops and basements. The Patzes' apartment was used as a temporary command post because Etan knew his phone number. Julie and Stanley hovered by the phone, praying for him to call. The police stood by in case a kidnapper called in with a ransom demand. The night wore on. Just before midnight it started to rain. Julie fretted because Etan had left that morning with only a light jacket. Detective Butler quietly worried that the rain would wash away Etan's scent. Bloodhounds were being brought in from upstate, but they weren't scheduled to arrive until 8 a.m. He hoped there'd be something left for the hounds to smell. The next morning when the bloodhounds finally arrived, they were given a pair of Etan's pajamas to identify their subject, then they were sent out into the streets with their handlers. In the meantime the search area was expanded to encompass the entire lower end of Manhattan from 14th Street to Battery Park. Police helicopters hovered over the search zone, scanning rooftops. Police boats scoured the waterways. The police appealed to the public for any tip that could lead to the boy's whereabouts. Toll-free telephone numbers were set up, and calls started pouring in, some from as far away as California. Neighborhood residents helped in the search, papering the city with color posters of Etan's face. The media jumped on the story and propagated several erroneous leads regarding Etan Patz sightings in Boston and other places. For days it seemed that Etan's smiling face was everywhere—on lamp poles, in store windows, in the newspapers, on television. The police continued the search, giving it everything they had. But on June 6, 13 days after he disappeared, the emergency response was terminated. Etan Patz's disappearance remained an open case, but most of the officers who had taken part in the search were eventually reassigned to other cases. 

 

 

Q. Based on the context of the passage, what could be the possible meaning of the word “bodega”?

Solution:

The passage states that “Julie ... gave him a dollar for a soft drink at the local bodega.”. This indicates that a bodega is a kind of shop selling food and drink. Option 1 is correct. The other options are unrelated in meaning to the word “bodega” and can be eliminated.
Hence, the correct answer is option 1.

QUESTION: 71

The morning of May 25, 1979, was hectic at the New York City home of Stanley and Julie Patz. They lived in a converted loft in Manhattan's Soho district, pioneers in a section of the city that would later become the place-to-be for New York trendsetters. Soho had been Manhattan's manufacturing zone, characterized by block after block of 19th century, iron-fronted factories standing shoulder to shoulder. On overcast days it was easy to imagine the gloomy sweatshop conditions of old New York, but in the 1970s, a fair number of these buildings were dark and empty, and the streets were desolate and forbidding at night. Still, people were making their homes in the neighborhood, breathing new life into it. Artists were first drawn to the area, attracted to the large, open spaces and cheap rents. Stanley Patz, a photographer, and his wife Julie lived in a loft on Prince Street with their three children: Shira, then age 8; Etan, 6; and Ari, 2. 

Julie ran a day-care center out of her home. On the morning of May 25, as was her routine, Julie got her own children ready for the day as she prepared for the 14 preschoolers she cared for. As Julie dished out breakfast for her family, little Etan started agitating to walk himself to the bus stop again. He'd been asking if he could for some time now. A six-week school bus strike had just ended; the buses were scheduled to resume service that day. During the strike, the Patzes had hired a woman to walk Etan to school, but now that the buses were back, Etan pleaded with his parents to let him walk the two blocks to the bus stop by himself. Etan was a good boy, and it was a close-knit neighborhood where the residents watched out for the children, so the Patzes gave in and told him he could walk to the bus stop like a big boy. Etan was elated. He was dressed all in blue that day—blue pants, blue corduroy jacket, and blue sneakers with distinctive fluorescent stripes along the sides. He carried a blue cloth bag with an elephant pattern on the fabric. And as usual he was wearing his black "Future Flight Captain" pilot's cap, which covered his straight, light-brown hair. He pulled it down low over his brow, shading his blue eyes. He wore his prized cap all the time, even to bed. He'd bought it at an outdoor flea market for 10 cents. Julie took Etan downstairs to the street and gave him a dollar for a soft drink at the local bodega. It was a misty morning, and the pavement was wet. Julie watched Etan as he started his big journey, two short blocks to the corner of Prince and West Broadway where the bus would pick him up. She kept her eye on him as he proceeded to the first corner at Wooster Street. After he crossed, Julie went back upstairs, confident that Etan could make it the rest of the way by himself. It was just 150 feet to the bus stop. 

A woman who lived nearby saw Etan as he stood on the corner of Wooster and Prince, a relatively quiet intersection, as he waited to cross. A mailman also saw him at that intersection. They were the last people known to see Etan Patz. The school bus arrived at the West Broadway stop at 8:10 a.m. A group of children got on, but Etan Patz wasn't with them. Later that morning at the Independence Plaza School on Greenwich Street, Etan's first-grade teacher noticed his absence but failed to report it to the principal's office. Julie Patz was unaware that her son was missing until that afternoon. The bus returned to the West Broadway stop at 3:15 p.m. The neighbor who always picked up Etan along with his own daughter was puzzled when Etan didn't get off the bus. His daughter informed him that Etan hadn't been in school that day. The man wondered why Julie or Stanley hadn't called to let him know that Etan was staying home that day. At the Patzes' loft, Julie was beginning to worry. Etan should have been home by now. She called the neighbor who usually escorted Etan and learned for the first time that Etan hadn't been in school that day. Julie immediately called the police, then called her husband who raced home. NYPD Detective William Butler got the call from his dispatcher at 5:15 p.m., and he and his partner drove directly to the Patzes' loft. As soon as Detective Butler spoke to Etan's parents, he knew instinctively that this was not a typical lost-child situation. In most cases it's just a case of crossed signals, kids thinking they have their parents' permission to go to a friend's house when they really don't. Other kids just wander off and play hooky. But Butler felt this case was different. 

The search for Etan Patz began that evening. Nearly 100 officers combed the area, knocking on doors, searching rooftops and basements. The Patzes' apartment was used as a temporary command post because Etan knew his phone number. Julie and Stanley hovered by the phone, praying for him to call. The police stood by in case a kidnapper called in with a ransom demand. The night wore on. Just before midnight it started to rain. Julie fretted because Etan had left that morning with only a light jacket. Detective Butler quietly worried that the rain would wash away Etan's scent. Bloodhounds were being brought in from upstate, but they weren't scheduled to arrive until 8 a.m. He hoped there'd be something left for the hounds to smell. The next morning when the bloodhounds finally arrived, they were given a pair of Etan's pajamas to identify their subject, then they were sent out into the streets with their handlers. In the meantime the search area was expanded to encompass the entire lower end of Manhattan from 14th Street to Battery Park. Police helicopters hovered over the search zone, scanning rooftops. Police boats scoured the waterways. The police appealed to the public for any tip that could lead to the boy's whereabouts. Toll-free telephone numbers were set up, and calls started pouring in, some from as far away as California. Neighborhood residents helped in the search, papering the city with color posters of Etan's face. The media jumped on the story and propagated several erroneous leads regarding Etan Patz sightings in Boston and other places. For days it seemed that Etan's smiling face was everywhere—on lamp poles, in store windows, in the newspapers, on television. The police continued the search, giving it everything they had. But on June 6, 13 days after he disappeared, the emergency response was terminated. Etan Patz's disappearance remained an open case, but most of the officers who had taken part in the search were eventually reassigned to other cases. 

 

 

Q. Based on the passage, which of the following qualifies as a case of what Detective Butler calls “crossed signals”?

Solution:

The term “crossed signals” usually means 'a misunderstanding; a misinterpretation'. In this case, it refers to a misunderstanding or error in communication between a child and his parents.
The passage states,"... a case of crossed signals, kids thinking they have their parents' permission to go to a friend's house when they really don't.”. These lines validate option 4.
The next few lines say “Other kids just wander off and play hooky.”, showing that this is a case different from “crossed signals”. There is no misunderstanding of any sort between the child and his parents. “Hooky” means 'playing truant'. Eliminate options 1 and 3.
Option 2 has no data to support it in the passage as a case of crossed signals.
Hence, the correct answer is option 4

QUESTION: 72

The morning of May 25, 1979, was hectic at the New York City home of Stanley and Julie Patz. They lived in a converted loft in Manhattan's Soho district, pioneers in a section of the city that would later become the place-to-be for New York trendsetters. Soho had been Manhattan's manufacturing zone, characterized by block after block of 19th century, iron-fronted factories standing shoulder to shoulder. On overcast days it was easy to imagine the gloomy sweatshop conditions of old New York, but in the 1970s, a fair number of these buildings were dark and empty, and the streets were desolate and forbidding at night. Still, people were making their homes in the neighborhood, breathing new life into it. Artists were first drawn to the area, attracted to the large, open spaces and cheap rents. Stanley Patz, a photographer, and his wife Julie lived in a loft on Prince Street with their three children: Shira, then age 8; Etan, 6; and Ari, 2. 

Julie ran a day-care center out of her home. On the morning of May 25, as was her routine, Julie got her own children ready for the day as she prepared for the 14 preschoolers she cared for. As Julie dished out breakfast for her family, little Etan started agitating to walk himself to the bus stop again. He'd been asking if he could for some time now. A six-week school bus strike had just ended; the buses were scheduled to resume service that day. During the strike, the Patzes had hired a woman to walk Etan to school, but now that the buses were back, Etan pleaded with his parents to let him walk the two blocks to the bus stop by himself. Etan was a good boy, and it was a close-knit neighborhood where the residents watched out for the children, so the Patzes gave in and told him he could walk to the bus stop like a big boy. Etan was elated. He was dressed all in blue that day—blue pants, blue corduroy jacket, and blue sneakers with distinctive fluorescent stripes along the sides. He carried a blue cloth bag with an elephant pattern on the fabric. And as usual he was wearing his black "Future Flight Captain" pilot's cap, which covered his straight, light-brown hair. He pulled it down low over his brow, shading his blue eyes. He wore his prized cap all the time, even to bed. He'd bought it at an outdoor flea market for 10 cents. Julie took Etan downstairs to the street and gave him a dollar for a soft drink at the local bodega. It was a misty morning, and the pavement was wet. Julie watched Etan as he started his big journey, two short blocks to the corner of Prince and West Broadway where the bus would pick him up. She kept her eye on him as he proceeded to the first corner at Wooster Street. After he crossed, Julie went back upstairs, confident that Etan could make it the rest of the way by himself. It was just 150 feet to the bus stop. 

A woman who lived nearby saw Etan as he stood on the corner of Wooster and Prince, a relatively quiet intersection, as he waited to cross. A mailman also saw him at that intersection. They were the last people known to see Etan Patz. The school bus arrived at the West Broadway stop at 8:10 a.m. A group of children got on, but Etan Patz wasn't with them. Later that morning at the Independence Plaza School on Greenwich Street, Etan's first-grade teacher noticed his absence but failed to report it to the principal's office. Julie Patz was unaware that her son was missing until that afternoon. The bus returned to the West Broadway stop at 3:15 p.m. The neighbor who always picked up Etan along with his own daughter was puzzled when Etan didn't get off the bus. His daughter informed him that Etan hadn't been in school that day. The man wondered why Julie or Stanley hadn't called to let him know that Etan was staying home that day. At the Patzes' loft, Julie was beginning to worry. Etan should have been home by now. She called the neighbor who usually escorted Etan and learned for the first time that Etan hadn't been in school that day. Julie immediately called the police, then called her husband who raced home. NYPD Detective William Butler got the call from his dispatcher at 5:15 p.m., and he and his partner drove directly to the Patzes' loft. As soon as Detective Butler spoke to Etan's parents, he knew instinctively that this was not a typical lost-child situation. In most cases it's just a case of crossed signals, kids thinking they have their parents' permission to go to a friend's house when they really don't. Other kids just wander off and play hooky. But Butler felt this case was different. 

The search for Etan Patz began that evening. Nearly 100 officers combed the area, knocking on doors, searching rooftops and basements. The Patzes' apartment was used as a temporary command post because Etan knew his phone number. Julie and Stanley hovered by the phone, praying for him to call. The police stood by in case a kidnapper called in with a ransom demand. The night wore on. Just before midnight it started to rain. Julie fretted because Etan had left that morning with only a light jacket. Detective Butler quietly worried that the rain would wash away Etan's scent. Bloodhounds were being brought in from upstate, but they weren't scheduled to arrive until 8 a.m. He hoped there'd be something left for the hounds to smell. The next morning when the bloodhounds finally arrived, they were given a pair of Etan's pajamas to identify their subject, then they were sent out into the streets with their handlers. In the meantime the search area was expanded to encompass the entire lower end of Manhattan from 14th Street to Battery Park. Police helicopters hovered over the search zone, scanning rooftops. Police boats scoured the waterways. The police appealed to the public for any tip that could lead to the boy's whereabouts. Toll-free telephone numbers were set up, and calls started pouring in, some from as far away as California. Neighborhood residents helped in the search, papering the city with color posters of Etan's face. The media jumped on the story and propagated several erroneous leads regarding Etan Patz sightings in Boston and other places. For days it seemed that Etan's smiling face was everywhere—on lamp poles, in store windows, in the newspapers, on television. The police continued the search, giving it everything they had. But on June 6, 13 days after he disappeared, the emergency response was terminated. Etan Patz's disappearance remained an open case, but most of the officers who had taken part in the search were eventually reassigned to other cases. 

 

 

Q. Which of the following is true according to the passage?  

Solution:

The passage states that “... the streets were desolate and forbidding at night. Still, people were making their homes in the neighborhood.”. Eliminate option 1.
The passage states, “Stanley Patz ... and his wife Julie lived ... with their three children ...” and “On the morning of May 25, as was her routine, Julie got her own children ready for the day as she prepared for the 14 preschoolers she cared for.”. This means that Julie had to care for her own three children as well as 14 others, making the total number of children 17. This validates option 2.
The passage mentions “A six-week school bus strike had just ended; the buses were scheduled to resume service that day.” and “Etan pleaded with his parents to let him walk the two blocks to the bus stop by himself.”. Etan wasn't walking all the way to school, the school bus strike had ended. Eliminate option 3. 

The passage states, “Julie watched Etan as he started his big journey ... She kept her eye on him as he proceeded to the first corner at Wooster Street. After he crossed, Julie went back upstairs ...”. These lines show that Etan couldn't have been abducted before reaching Wooster Street corner, since his mother had her eye on him. Only after he crossed the street did she go upstairs.
Hence, the correct answer is option 2.

QUESTION: 73

Group Question

Read the following passage carefully and answer the questions given at the end.


Darius was the son of Hystaspes, the satrap (provincial governor) of Parthia. King of Persia in 522-486 BC, Darius was one of the greatest rulers of the Achaemenid dynasty, who was noted for his administrative genius and for his great building projects. Darius attempted several times to conquer Greece; his fleet was destroyed by a storm in 492, and the Athenians defeated his army at Marathon in 490.

Darius, when a youth, was suspected by Cyrus II the Great (who ruled from 559 to 529 BC) of plotting against the throne. Later Darius was in Egypt with Cambyses II, the son of Cyrus and heir to his kingdom, as a member of the royal bodyguard. After the death of Cambyses in the summer of 522 BC, Darius hastened to Media, where, in September, with the help of six Persian nobles, he killed Bardiya (Smerdis), another son of Cyrus, who had usurped the throne. In the Bisitun inscription Darius defended this deed and his own assumption of kingship on the grounds that the usurper was actually Gaumata, a Magian, who had impersonated Bardiya after Bardiya had been murdered secretly by Cambyses. Darius therefore claimed that he was restoring the kingship to the rightful Achaemenid house. Following his coronation at Pasargadae, Darius moved to Ecbatana. He soon learned that support for Bardiya was strong, and revolts in Elam and Babylonia had broken out. Darius ended the Elamite revolt when the revolutionary leader Aschina was captured and executed in Susa, after three months the revolt in Babylonia had ended. While in Babylonia, Darius learned a revolution had broken out in Bactria, a satrapy which had always been in favour of Darius, and had initially volunteered an army of soldiers to quell revolts. Following this, revolts broke out in Persis, the homeland of the Persians and Darius. These new revolts led to a renewed revolt in Elam and Babylonia. 

With all these ongoing revolts, revolts broke out in Media, Parthia, Assyria, and Egypt. By 522 BCE, the majority, if not the entire Achaemenid Empire was revolting against Darius and in turmoil. Even though Darius did not have the support of the populace, Darius had a loyal army, led by close confidants and nobles (including the six nobles with whom he removed Gaumata) with whom he was able to suppress and quell all revolts within a year. In Darius's words, he had killed a total of eight "lying kings" through the quelling of revolutions. Darius left a detailed account of these revolutions at the Behistun Inscription. 

One of the significant events of Darius's early reign was the slaying of Intaphernes. Intaphernes was one of the seven noblemen who had deposed the previous ruler and installed Darius as the new monarch. The seven had made an agreement that they could all visit the new king whenever they pleased, except when he was with his wife. One evening, Intaphernes went to the palace to meet Darius, but was stopped by two officers who stated that Darius had retired for the night. Becoming enraged and insulted, Intaphernes drew his sword and cut off the ears and noses of the two officers. While leaving the palace, he took the bridle from his horse, and tied the two officers together. The officers went to the king and showed him what Intaphernes had done to them. Darius began to fear for his own safety; he thought that all seven noblemen had banded together to rebel against him and that the attack against his officers was the first sign of revolt. He sent a messenger to each of the noblemen, asking them if they approved of Intaphernes's actions; they denied it and disavowed any connection to Intaphernes's actions, stating that they stood by their decision to appoint Darius as King of Kings. Taking precautions against further resistance, Darius sent soldiers to seize Intaphernes, along with his son, family members, relatives and any friends who were capable of arming themselves. 

Darius believed that Intaphernes was planning a rebellion, but when he was brought to the court, there was no proof of any such plan. Nonetheless, Darius killed Intaphernes's entire family, excluding his wife's brother and son. She was asked to choose between her brother and son. She chose her brother to live. Her reasoning for doing so was that she could have another husband and another son, but she would always have but one brother. Darius was impressed by her response and spared both her brother's and her son's life. After securing his authority over the entire empire, Darius embarked on a campaign to Egypt where he defeated the armies of the Pharaoh and secured the lands that Cambyses had conquered while incorporating a large portion of Egypt into the Achaemenid Empire. Darius also led his armies to the Indus River, building fortresses and establishing Persian rule. In 516 BCE, Darius embarked on a campaign to Central Asia, Aria and Bactria and then marched into Afghanistan to Taxila Satrapy in modern day Pakistan. Darius spent winter of 516-515 BCE in Gandhara, preparing to conquer the Indus Valley. Darius conquered the Indus in 515 BCE. Darius I controlled the Indus Valley from Gandhara to modern Karachi and appointed the Greek Scylax of Caryanda to explore the Indian Ocean from the mouth of the Indus to Suez. Darius then marched through the Bolan Pass and returned through Arachosia and Drangiana back to Persia. After Bardiya was murdered, widespread revolts occurred throughout the empire, especially on the eastern side. Darius asserted his position as king by force, taking his armies throughout the empire, suppressing each revolt individually. The most notable of all the revolts is the Babylonian revolt which was led by Nebuchadnezzar III. This revolt occurred when Otanes withdrew much of the army from Babylon to aid Darius in suppressing other revolts. Darius felt that the Babylonian people had taken advantage of him and deceived him, which resulted in Darius gathering a large army and marching to Babylon. 

At Babylon, Darius was met with closed gates and a series of defenses to keep him and his armies out. Darius encountered mockery and taunting from the rebels, including the famous saying "Oh yes, you will capture our city, when mules shall have foals." For a year and a half, Darius and his armies were unable to retake the city, though he attempted many tricks and strategies—even copying that which Cyrus the Great had employed when he captured Babylon. However, the situation changed in Darius's favor when, according to the story, a mule owned by Zopyrus, a high-ranking soldier, foaled. Following this, a plan was hatched for Zopyrus to pretend to be a deserter, enter the Babylonian camp, and gain the trust of the Babylonians. The plan was successful, and Darius's army eventually surrounded the city and overcame the rebels. During this revolt, Scythian nomads took advantage of the disorder and chaos and invaded Persia. Darius first finished defeating the rebels in Elam, Assyria, and Babylon and then attacked the Scythian invaders. He pursued the invaders, who led him to a marsh; there he found no known enemies but an enigmatic Scythian tribe.

 

 

Q. Match the following

Solution:

Cyrus had captured Babylon. Idanthyrsus was a ruler of Scythia. Darius belonged to Persia.
Cambyses had captured Egypt. Hence, the correct answer is option 3.

QUESTION: 74

Darius was the son of Hystaspes, the satrap (provincial governor) of Parthia. King of Persia in 522-486 BC, Darius was one of the greatest rulers of the Achaemenid dynasty, who was noted for his administrative genius and for his great building projects. Darius attempted several times to conquer Greece; his fleet was destroyed by a storm in 492, and the Athenians defeated his army at Marathon in 490.

Darius, when a youth, was suspected by Cyrus II the Great (who ruled from 559 to 529 BC) of plotting against the throne. Later Darius was in Egypt with Cambyses II, the son of Cyrus and heir to his kingdom, as a member of the royal bodyguard. After the death of Cambyses in the summer of 522 BC, Darius hastened to Media, where, in September, with the help of six Persian nobles, he killed Bardiya (Smerdis), another son of Cyrus, who had usurped the throne. In the Bisitun inscription Darius defended this deed and his own assumption of kingship on the grounds that the usurper was actually Gaumata, a Magian, who had impersonated Bardiya after Bardiya had been murdered secretly by Cambyses. Darius therefore claimed that he was restoring the kingship to the rightful Achaemenid house. Following his coronation at Pasargadae, Darius moved to Ecbatana. He soon learned that support for Bardiya was strong, and revolts in Elam and Babylonia had broken out. Darius ended the Elamite revolt when the revolutionary leader Aschina was captured and executed in Susa, after three months the revolt in Babylonia had ended. While in Babylonia, Darius learned a revolution had broken out in Bactria, a satrapy which had always been in favour of Darius, and had initially volunteered an army of soldiers to quell revolts. Following this, revolts broke out in Persis, the homeland of the Persians and Darius. These new revolts led to a renewed revolt in Elam and Babylonia. 

With all these ongoing revolts, revolts broke out in Media, Parthia, Assyria, and Egypt. By 522 BCE, the majority, if not the entire Achaemenid Empire was revolting against Darius and in turmoil. Even though Darius did not have the support of the populace, Darius had a loyal army, led by close confidants and nobles (including the six nobles with whom he removed Gaumata) with whom he was able to suppress and quell all revolts within a year. In Darius's words, he had killed a total of eight "lying kings" through the quelling of revolutions. Darius left a detailed account of these revolutions at the Behistun Inscription. 

One of the significant events of Darius's early reign was the slaying of Intaphernes. Intaphernes was one of the seven noblemen who had deposed the previous ruler and installed Darius as the new monarch. The seven had made an agreement that they could all visit the new king whenever they pleased, except when he was with his wife. One evening, Intaphernes went to the palace to meet Darius, but was stopped by two officers who stated that Darius had retired for the night. Becoming enraged and insulted, Intaphernes drew his sword and cut off the ears and noses of the two officers. While leaving the palace, he took the bridle from his horse, and tied the two officers together. The officers went to the king and showed him what Intaphernes had done to them. Darius began to fear for his own safety; he thought that all seven noblemen had banded together to rebel against him and that the attack against his officers was the first sign of revolt. He sent a messenger to each of the noblemen, asking them if they approved of Intaphernes's actions; they denied it and disavowed any connection to Intaphernes's actions, stating that they stood by their decision to appoint Darius as King of Kings. Taking precautions against further resistance, Darius sent soldiers to seize Intaphernes, along with his son, family members, relatives and any friends who were capable of arming themselves. 

Darius believed that Intaphernes was planning a rebellion, but when he was brought to the court, there was no proof of any such plan. Nonetheless, Darius killed Intaphernes's entire family, excluding his wife's brother and son. She was asked to choose between her brother and son. She chose her brother to live. Her reasoning for doing so was that she could have another husband and another son, but she would always have but one brother. Darius was impressed by her response and spared both her brother's and her son's life. After securing his authority over the entire empire, Darius embarked on a campaign to Egypt where he defeated the armies of the Pharaoh and secured the lands that Cambyses had conquered while incorporating a large portion of Egypt into the Achaemenid Empire. Darius also led his armies to the Indus River, building fortresses and establishing Persian rule. In 516 BCE, Darius embarked on a campaign to Central Asia, Aria and Bactria and then marched into Afghanistan to Taxila Satrapy in modern day Pakistan. Darius spent winter of 516-515 BCE in Gandhara, preparing to conquer the Indus Valley. Darius conquered the Indus in 515 BCE. Darius I controlled the Indus Valley from Gandhara to modern Karachi and appointed the Greek Scylax of Caryanda to explore the Indian Ocean from the mouth of the Indus to Suez. Darius then marched through the Bolan Pass and returned through Arachosia and Drangiana back to Persia. After Bardiya was murdered, widespread revolts occurred throughout the empire, especially on the eastern side. Darius asserted his position as king by force, taking his armies throughout the empire, suppressing each revolt individually. The most notable of all the revolts is the Babylonian revolt which was led by Nebuchadnezzar III. This revolt occurred when Otanes withdrew much of the army from Babylon to aid Darius in suppressing other revolts. Darius felt that the Babylonian people had taken advantage of him and deceived him, which resulted in Darius gathering a large army and marching to Babylon. 

At Babylon, Darius was met with closed gates and a series of defenses to keep him and his armies out. Darius encountered mockery and taunting from the rebels, including the famous saying "Oh yes, you will capture our city, when mules shall have foals." For a year and a half, Darius and his armies were unable to retake the city, though he attempted many tricks and strategies—even copying that which Cyrus the Great had employed when he captured Babylon. However, the situation changed in Darius's favor when, according to the story, a mule owned by Zopyrus, a high-ranking soldier, foaled. Following this, a plan was hatched for Zopyrus to pretend to be a deserter, enter the Babylonian camp, and gain the trust of the Babylonians. The plan was successful, and Darius's army eventually surrounded the city and overcame the rebels. During this revolt, Scythian nomads took advantage of the disorder and chaos and invaded Persia. Darius first finished defeating the rebels in Elam, Assyria, and Babylon and then attacked the Scythian invaders. He pursued the invaders, who led him to a marsh; there he found no known enemies but an enigmatic Scythian tribe.

 

 

Q. Apart from Darius, Babylon was also captured by___________and ________ .

Solution:

The statements,"... Cyrus the Great had employed when he captured Babylon.” and “... Otanes withdrew much of the army from Babylon ...” from the paragraph implies option 2 is correct.
Hence, the correct answer is option 2.

QUESTION: 75

Darius was the son of Hystaspes, the satrap (provincial governor) of Parthia. King of Persia in 522-486 BC, Darius was one of the greatest rulers of the Achaemenid dynasty, who was noted for his administrative genius and for his great building projects. Darius attempted several times to conquer Greece; his fleet was destroyed by a storm in 492, and the Athenians defeated his army at Marathon in 490.

Darius, when a youth, was suspected by Cyrus II the Great (who ruled from 559 to 529 BC) of plotting against the throne. Later Darius was in Egypt with Cambyses II, the son of Cyrus and heir to his kingdom, as a member of the royal bodyguard. After the death of Cambyses in the summer of 522 BC, Darius hastened to Media, where, in September, with the help of six Persian nobles, he killed Bardiya (Smerdis), another son of Cyrus, who had usurped the throne. In the Bisitun inscription Darius defended this deed and his own assumption of kingship on the grounds that the usurper was actually Gaumata, a Magian, who had impersonated Bardiya after Bardiya had been murdered secretly by Cambyses. Darius therefore claimed that he was restoring the kingship to the rightful Achaemenid house. Following his coronation at Pasargadae, Darius moved to Ecbatana. He soon learned that support for Bardiya was strong, and revolts in Elam and Babylonia had broken out. Darius ended the Elamite revolt when the revolutionary leader Aschina was captured and executed in Susa, after three months the revolt in Babylonia had ended. While in Babylonia, Darius learned a revolution had broken out in Bactria, a satrapy which had always been in favour of Darius, and had initially volunteered an army of soldiers to quell revolts. Following this, revolts broke out in Persis, the homeland of the Persians and Darius. These new revolts led to a renewed revolt in Elam and Babylonia. 

With all these ongoing revolts, revolts broke out in Media, Parthia, Assyria, and Egypt. By 522 BCE, the majority, if not the entire Achaemenid Empire was revolting against Darius and in turmoil. Even though Darius did not have the support of the populace, Darius had a loyal army, led by close confidants and nobles (including the six nobles with whom he removed Gaumata) with whom he was able to suppress and quell all revolts within a year. In Darius's words, he had killed a total of eight "lying kings" through the quelling of revolutions. Darius left a detailed account of these revolutions at the Behistun Inscription. 

One of the significant events of Darius's early reign was the slaying of Intaphernes. Intaphernes was one of the seven noblemen who had deposed the previous ruler and installed Darius as the new monarch. The seven had made an agreement that they could all visit the new king whenever they pleased, except when he was with his wife. One evening, Intaphernes went to the palace to meet Darius, but was stopped by two officers who stated that Darius had retired for the night. Becoming enraged and insulted, Intaphernes drew his sword and cut off the ears and noses of the two officers. While leaving the palace, he took the bridle from his horse, and tied the two officers together. The officers went to the king and showed him what Intaphernes had done to them. Darius began to fear for his own safety; he thought that all seven noblemen had banded together to rebel against him and that the attack against his officers was the first sign of revolt. He sent a messenger to each of the noblemen, asking them if they approved of Intaphernes's actions; they denied it and disavowed any connection to Intaphernes's actions, stating that they stood by their decision to appoint Darius as King of Kings. Taking precautions against further resistance, Darius sent soldiers to seize Intaphernes, along with his son, family members, relatives and any friends who were capable of arming themselves. 

Darius believed that Intaphernes was planning a rebellion, but when he was brought to the court, there was no proof of any such plan. Nonetheless, Darius killed Intaphernes's entire family, excluding his wife's brother and son. She was asked to choose between her brother and son. She chose her brother to live. Her reasoning for doing so was that she could have another husband and another son, but she would always have but one brother. Darius was impressed by her response and spared both her brother's and her son's life. After securing his authority over the entire empire, Darius embarked on a campaign to Egypt where he defeated the armies of the Pharaoh and secured the lands that Cambyses had conquered while incorporating a large portion of Egypt into the Achaemenid Empire. Darius also led his armies to the Indus River, building fortresses and establishing Persian rule. In 516 BCE, Darius embarked on a campaign to Central Asia, Aria and Bactria and then marched into Afghanistan to Taxila Satrapy in modern day Pakistan. Darius spent winter of 516-515 BCE in Gandhara, preparing to conquer the Indus Valley. Darius conquered the Indus in 515 BCE. Darius I controlled the Indus Valley from Gandhara to modern Karachi and appointed the Greek Scylax of Caryanda to explore the Indian Ocean from the mouth of the Indus to Suez. Darius then marched through the Bolan Pass and returned through Arachosia and Drangiana back to Persia. After Bardiya was murdered, widespread revolts occurred throughout the empire, especially on the eastern side. Darius asserted his position as king by force, taking his armies throughout the empire, suppressing each revolt individually. The most notable of all the revolts is the Babylonian revolt which was led by Nebuchadnezzar III. This revolt occurred when Otanes withdrew much of the army from Babylon to aid Darius in suppressing other revolts. Darius felt that the Babylonian people had taken advantage of him and deceived him, which resulted in Darius gathering a large army and marching to Babylon. 

At Babylon, Darius was met with closed gates and a series of defenses to keep him and his armies out. Darius encountered mockery and taunting from the rebels, including the famous saying "Oh yes, you will capture our city, when mules shall have foals." For a year and a half, Darius and his armies were unable to retake the city, though he attempted many tricks and strategies—even copying that which Cyrus the Great had employed when he captured Babylon. However, the situation changed in Darius's favor when, according to the story, a mule owned by Zopyrus, a high-ranking soldier, foaled. Following this, a plan was hatched for Zopyrus to pretend to be a deserter, enter the Babylonian camp, and gain the trust of the Babylonians. The plan was successful, and Darius's army eventually surrounded the city and overcame the rebels. During this revolt, Scythian nomads took advantage of the disorder and chaos and invaded Persia. Darius first finished defeating the rebels in Elam, Assyria, and Babylon and then attacked the Scythian invaders. He pursued the invaders, who led him to a marsh; there he found no known enemies but an enigmatic Scythian tribe.

 

 

Q. Find the correct statement.

Solution:

The passage states that the Scythians invaded Persia when Darius was busy fighting rebels in other regions. Eliminate option 1.
The passage says that, “Darius believed that Intaphernes was planning a rebellion,...” Hence, there isn't sufficient information to conclude statement 2. Eliminate option 2.
The passage states that Darius conquered the Indus. Eliminate option 3.
Option 4 can be concluded from the statement, “This(Babylonian) revolt occurred when Otanes withdrew much of the army from Babylon to aid Darius in suppressing other revolts.” Hence, the correct answer is option 4.

QUESTION: 76

Darius was the son of Hystaspes, the satrap (provincial governor) of Parthia. King of Persia in 522-486 BC, Darius was one of the greatest rulers of the Achaemenid dynasty, who was noted for his administrative genius and for his great building projects. Darius attempted several times to conquer Greece; his fleet was destroyed by a storm in 492, and the Athenians defeated his army at Marathon in 490.

Darius, when a youth, was suspected by Cyrus II the Great (who ruled from 559 to 529 BC) of plotting against the throne. Later Darius was in Egypt with Cambyses II, the son of Cyrus and heir to his kingdom, as a member of the royal bodyguard. After the death of Cambyses in the summer of 522 BC, Darius hastened to Media, where, in September, with the help of six Persian nobles, he killed Bardiya (Smerdis), another son of Cyrus, who had usurped the throne. In the Bisitun inscription Darius defended this deed and his own assumption of kingship on the grounds that the usurper was actually Gaumata, a Magian, who had impersonated Bardiya after Bardiya had been murdered secretly by Cambyses. Darius therefore claimed that he was restoring the kingship to the rightful Achaemenid house. Following his coronation at Pasargadae, Darius moved to Ecbatana. He soon learned that support for Bardiya was strong, and revolts in Elam and Babylonia had broken out. Darius ended the Elamite revolt when the revolutionary leader Aschina was captured and executed in Susa, after three months the revolt in Babylonia had ended. While in Babylonia, Darius learned a revolution had broken out in Bactria, a satrapy which had always been in favour of Darius, and had initially volunteered an army of soldiers to quell revolts. Following this, revolts broke out in Persis, the homeland of the Persians and Darius. These new revolts led to a renewed revolt in Elam and Babylonia. 

With all these ongoing revolts, revolts broke out in Media, Parthia, Assyria, and Egypt. By 522 BCE, the majority, if not the entire Achaemenid Empire was revolting against Darius and in turmoil. Even though Darius did not have the support of the populace, Darius had a loyal army, led by close confidants and nobles (including the six nobles with whom he removed Gaumata) with whom he was able to suppress and quell all revolts within a year. In Darius's words, he had killed a total of eight "lying kings" through the quelling of revolutions. Darius left a detailed account of these revolutions at the Behistun Inscription. 

One of the significant events of Darius's early reign was the slaying of Intaphernes. Intaphernes was one of the seven noblemen who had deposed the previous ruler and installed Darius as the new monarch. The seven had made an agreement that they could all visit the new king whenever they pleased, except when he was with his wife. One evening, Intaphernes went to the palace to meet Darius, but was stopped by two officers who stated that Darius had retired for the night. Becoming enraged and insulted, Intaphernes drew his sword and cut off the ears and noses of the two officers. While leaving the palace, he took the bridle from his horse, and tied the two officers together. The officers went to the king and showed him what Intaphernes had done to them. Darius began to fear for his own safety; he thought that all seven noblemen had banded together to rebel against him and that the attack against his officers was the first sign of revolt. He sent a messenger to each of the noblemen, asking them if they approved of Intaphernes's actions; they denied it and disavowed any connection to Intaphernes's actions, stating that they stood by their decision to appoint Darius as King of Kings. Taking precautions against further resistance, Darius sent soldiers to seize Intaphernes, along with his son, family members, relatives and any friends who were capable of arming themselves. 

Darius believed that Intaphernes was planning a rebellion, but when he was brought to the court, there was no proof of any such plan. Nonetheless, Darius killed Intaphernes's entire family, excluding his wife's brother and son. She was asked to choose between her brother and son. She chose her brother to live. Her reasoning for doing so was that she could have another husband and another son, but she would always have but one brother. Darius was impressed by her response and spared both her brother's and her son's life. After securing his authority over the entire empire, Darius embarked on a campaign to Egypt where he defeated the armies of the Pharaoh and secured the lands that Cambyses had conquered while incorporating a large portion of Egypt into the Achaemenid Empire. Darius also led his armies to the Indus River, building fortresses and establishing Persian rule. In 516 BCE, Darius embarked on a campaign to Central Asia, Aria and Bactria and then marched into Afghanistan to Taxila Satrapy in modern day Pakistan. Darius spent winter of 516-515 BCE in Gandhara, preparing to conquer the Indus Valley. Darius conquered the Indus in 515 BCE. Darius I controlled the Indus Valley from Gandhara to modern Karachi and appointed the Greek Scylax of Caryanda to explore the Indian Ocean from the mouth of the Indus to Suez. Darius then marched through the Bolan Pass and returned through Arachosia and Drangiana back to Persia. After Bardiya was murdered, widespread revolts occurred throughout the empire, especially on the eastern side. Darius asserted his position as king by force, taking his armies throughout the empire, suppressing each revolt individually. The most notable of all the revolts is the Babylonian revolt which was led by Nebuchadnezzar III. This revolt occurred when Otanes withdrew much of the army from Babylon to aid Darius in suppressing other revolts. Darius felt that the Babylonian people had taken advantage of him and deceived him, which resulted in Darius gathering a large army and marching to Babylon. 

At Babylon, Darius was met with closed gates and a series of defenses to keep him and his armies out. Darius encountered mockery and taunting from the rebels, including the famous saying "Oh yes, you will capture our city, when mules shall have foals." For a year and a half, Darius and his armies were unable to retake the city, though he attempted many tricks and strategies—even copying that which Cyrus the Great had employed when he captured Babylon. However, the situation changed in Darius's favor when, according to the story, a mule owned by Zopyrus, a high-ranking soldier, foaled. Following this, a plan was hatched for Zopyrus to pretend to be a deserter, enter the Babylonian camp, and gain the trust of the Babylonians. The plan was successful, and Darius's army eventually surrounded the city and overcame the rebels. During this revolt, Scythian nomads took advantage of the disorder and chaos and invaded Persia. Darius first finished defeating the rebels in Elam, Assyria, and Babylon and then attacked the Scythian invaders. He pursued the invaders, who led him to a marsh; there he found no known enemies but an enigmatic Scythian tribe.

 

 

Q. Which of the following statements can be deduced from the passage?

Solution:

The phrase “retake the city” in paragraph 11 indicates that it wasn't Darius's first invasion of Babylon. So, eliminate option 1.
Paragraph 10 clearly supports statement 2.
There is not sufficient evidence in the passage to justify statement 3. So, eliminate option 3.
The passage is about the upheavals, battles and revolts faced by Darius in his reign. Nothing can be said about the administration. So, eliminate option 4.
Hence, the correct answer is option 2.

QUESTION: 77

Darius was the son of Hystaspes, the satrap (provincial governor) of Parthia. King of Persia in 522-486 BC, Darius was one of the greatest rulers of the Achaemenid dynasty, who was noted for his administrative genius and for his great building projects. Darius attempted several times to conquer Greece; his fleet was destroyed by a storm in 492, and the Athenians defeated his army at Marathon in 490.

Darius, when a youth, was suspected by Cyrus II the Great (who ruled from 559 to 529 BC) of plotting against the throne. Later Darius was in Egypt with Cambyses II, the son of Cyrus and heir to his kingdom, as a member of the royal bodyguard. After the death of Cambyses in the summer of 522 BC, Darius hastened to Media, where, in September, with the help of six Persian nobles, he killed Bardiya (Smerdis), another son of Cyrus, who had usurped the throne. In the Bisitun inscription Darius defended this deed and his own assumption of kingship on the grounds that the usurper was actually Gaumata, a Magian, who had impersonated Bardiya after Bardiya had been murdered secretly by Cambyses. Darius therefore claimed that he was restoring the kingship to the rightful Achaemenid house. Following his coronation at Pasargadae, Darius moved to Ecbatana. He soon learned that support for Bardiya was strong, and revolts in Elam and Babylonia had broken out. Darius ended the Elamite revolt when the revolutionary leader Aschina was captured and executed in Susa, after three months the revolt in Babylonia had ended. While in Babylonia, Darius learned a revolution had broken out in Bactria, a satrapy which had always been in favour of Darius, and had initially volunteered an army of soldiers to quell revolts. Following this, revolts broke out in Persis, the homeland of the Persians and Darius. These new revolts led to a renewed revolt in Elam and Babylonia. 

With all these ongoing revolts, revolts broke out in Media, Parthia, Assyria, and Egypt. By 522 BCE, the majority, if not the entire Achaemenid Empire was revolting against Darius and in turmoil. Even though Darius did not have the support of the populace, Darius had a loyal army, led by close confidants and nobles (including the six nobles with whom he removed Gaumata) with whom he was able to suppress and quell all revolts within a year. In Darius's words, he had killed a total of eight "lying kings" through the quelling of revolutions. Darius left a detailed account of these revolutions at the Behistun Inscription. 

One of the significant events of Darius's early reign was the slaying of Intaphernes. Intaphernes was one of the seven noblemen who had deposed the previous ruler and installed Darius as the new monarch. The seven had made an agreement that they could all visit the new king whenever they pleased, except when he was with his wife. One evening, Intaphernes went to the palace to meet Darius, but was stopped by two officers who stated that Darius had retired for the night. Becoming enraged and insulted, Intaphernes drew his sword and cut off the ears and noses of the two officers. While leaving the palace, he took the bridle from his horse, and tied the two officers together. The officers went to the king and showed him what Intaphernes had done to them. Darius began to fear for his own safety; he thought that all seven noblemen had banded together to rebel against him and that the attack against his officers was the first sign of revolt. He sent a messenger to each of the noblemen, asking them if they approved of Intaphernes's actions; they denied it and disavowed any connection to Intaphernes's actions, stating that they stood by their decision to appoint Darius as King of Kings. Taking precautions against further resistance, Darius sent soldiers to seize Intaphernes, along with his son, family members, relatives and any friends who were capable of arming themselves. 

Darius believed that Intaphernes was planning a rebellion, but when he was brought to the court, there was no proof of any such plan. Nonetheless, Darius killed Intaphernes's entire family, excluding his wife's brother and son. She was asked to choose between her brother and son. She chose her brother to live. Her reasoning for doing so was that she could have another husband and another son, but she would always have but one brother. Darius was impressed by her response and spared both her brother's and her son's life. After securing his authority over the entire empire, Darius embarked on a campaign to Egypt where he defeated the armies of the Pharaoh and secured the lands that Cambyses had conquered while incorporating a large portion of Egypt into the Achaemenid Empire. Darius also led his armies to the Indus River, building fortresses and establishing Persian rule. In 516 BCE, Darius embarked on a campaign to Central Asia, Aria and Bactria and then marched into Afghanistan to Taxila Satrapy in modern day Pakistan. Darius spent winter of 516-515 BCE in Gandhara, preparing to conquer the Indus Valley. Darius conquered the Indus in 515 BCE. Darius I controlled the Indus Valley from Gandhara to modern Karachi and appointed the Greek Scylax of Caryanda to explore the Indian Ocean from the mouth of the Indus to Suez. Darius then marched through the Bolan Pass and returned through Arachosia and Drangiana back to Persia. After Bardiya was murdered, widespread revolts occurred throughout the empire, especially on the eastern side. Darius asserted his position as king by force, taking his armies throughout the empire, suppressing each revolt individually. The most notable of all the revolts is the Babylonian revolt which was led by Nebuchadnezzar III. This revolt occurred when Otanes withdrew much of the army from Babylon to aid Darius in suppressing other revolts. Darius felt that the Babylonian people had taken advantage of him and deceived him, which resulted in Darius gathering a large army and marching to Babylon. 

At Babylon, Darius was met with closed gates and a series of defenses to keep him and his armies out. Darius encountered mockery and taunting from the rebels, including the famous saying "Oh yes, you will capture our city, when mules shall have foals." For a year and a half, Darius and his armies were unable to retake the city, though he attempted many tricks and strategies—even copying that which Cyrus the Great had employed when he captured Babylon. However, the situation changed in Darius's favor when, according to the story, a mule owned by Zopyrus, a high-ranking soldier, foaled. Following this, a plan was hatched for Zopyrus to pretend to be a deserter, enter the Babylonian camp, and gain the trust of the Babylonians. The plan was successful, and Darius's army eventually surrounded the city and overcame the rebels. During this revolt, Scythian nomads took advantage of the disorder and chaos and invaded Persia. Darius first finished defeating the rebels in Elam, Assyria, and Babylon and then attacked the Scythian invaders. He pursued the invaders, who led him to a marsh; there he found no known enemies but an enigmatic Scythian tribe.

 

 

Q. Find the incorrect statement.  

Solution:

Paragraph 6 states that Darius had “thought” that the seven noblemen were conspiring against him. Hence, Intaphernes's actions were misjudged by Darius. Eliminate option 1.
Paragraph 11 states the crucial role played by Zopyrus, the high-ranking soldier of Darius in the invasion of Babylon.
So, eliminate option 2.
Option 3 is contradicted by “Darius first finished defeating...” Option 4 is mentioned in paragraph 4.
Hence, the correct answer is option 3.

QUESTION: 78

Group Question

Read the passage carefully and answer the questions that follow.


In December 2010 I appeared on John Stossel’s television special on scepticism on Fox Business News, during which I debunked numerous pseudoscientific beliefs. Stossel added his own scepticism of possible financial pseudoscience in the form of active investment fund managers who claim that they can consistently beat the market. In a dramatic visual demonstration, Stossel threw 30 darts into a page of stocks and compared their performance since January 1,2010, with stock picks of the 10 largest managed funds. Results: Dartboard, a 31 percent increase; managed funds, a 9.5 percent increase. Admitting that he got lucky because of his limited sample size, Stossel explained that had he thrown enough darts to fully represent the market he would have generated a 12 percent increase — the market average — a full 2.5 percentage points higher than the 10 largest managed funds average increase. As Princeton University economist Burton G. Malkiel elaborated on the show, over the past decade ‘more than two thirds of actively managed funds were beaten by a simple low-cost indexed fund [for example, a mutual fund invested in a large number of stocks], and the active funds that win in one period aren’t the same ones who win in the next period.’

Stossel cited a study in the journal Economics and Portfolio Strategy that tracked 452 managed funds from 1990 to 2009, finding that only 13 beat the market average. Equating managed fund directors to ‘snake-oil salesmen’, Malkiel said that Wall Street is selling Main Street on the belief that experts can consistently time the market and make accurate predictions of when to buy and sell. They can’t. No one can. Not even professional economists and not even for large-scale market indicators. As economics Nobel laureate Paul Samuelson long ago noted in a 1966 Newsweek column: ‘Commentators quote economic studies alleging that market downturns predicted four out of the last five recessions. That is an understatement. Wall Street indexes predicted nine out of the last five recessions!’ 

Even in a given tech area, where you might expect a greater level of specific expertise, economic forecasters fumble. On December 22, 2010, for example, the Wall Street Journal ran a piece on how the great hedge fund financier T. Boone Pickens (chair of BP Capital Management) just abandoned his ‘Pickens Plan’ of investing in wind energy. Pickens invested $2 billion based on his prediction that the price of natural gas would stay high. It didn’t, plummeting as the drilling industry’s ability to unlock methane from shale beds improved, a turn of events even an expert such as Pickens failed to see. Why are experts (along with us nonexperts) so bad at making predictions? The world is a messy, complex and contingent place with countless intervening variables and confounding factors, which our brains are not equipped to evaluate. We evolved the capacity to make snap decisions based on short-term predictions, not rational analysis about long-term investments, and so we deceive ourselves into thinking that experts can foresee the future. This self-deception among professional prognosticators was investigated by University of California, Berkeley, professor Philip E. Tetlock, as reported in his 2005 book Expert Political Judgment. After testing 284 experts in political science, economics, history and journalism in a staggering 82,361 predictions about the future, Tetlock concluded that they did little better than ‘a dart-throwing chimpanzee’. There was one significant factor in greater prediction success, however, and that was cognitive style: ‘foxes’ who know a little about many things do better than ‘hedgehogs’ who know a lot about one area of expertise. Low scorers, Tetlock wrote, were ‘thinkers who “know one big thing”, aggressively extend the explanatory reach of that one big thing into new domains, display bristly impatience with those who “do not get it”, and express considerable confidence that they are already pretty proficient forecasters.’ High scorers in the study were ‘thinkers who know many small things (tricks of their trade), are sceptical of grand schemes, see explanation and prediction not as deductive exercises but rather as exercises in flexible “ad hocery” that require stitching together diverse sources of information, and are rather diffident about their own forecasting prowess.’ Being deeply knowledgeable on one subject narrows focus and increases confidence but also blurs the value of dissenting views and transforms data collection into belief confirmation. One way to avoid being wrong is to be sceptical whenever you catch yourself making predictions based on reducing complex phenomena into one overarching scheme. This type of cognitive trap is why I don’t make predictions and why I never will.

 

 

Q. Match the person in the left column to a description of them  in the right column.

Solution:

We can infer from paragraph 1 that John Stossel is the presenter of a television special on Fox Business News, so l-C. Eliminate options 1 and 2.
In paragraph 4, T. Boone Pickens is said to be the chair of BP Capital Management, so ll-B. Eliminate option 3.
In paragraph 5, Philip E. Tetlock is stated to be a professor at the University of California, Berkeley, so lll-D.
According to paragraph 2, Burton G. Malkiel is an economist from Princeton University, so IV-A.
Option 4 correctly matches the people to their descriptions. Hence, the correct answer is option 4.

QUESTION: 79

In December 2010 I appeared on John Stossel’s television special on scepticism on Fox Business News, during which I debunked numerous pseudoscientific beliefs. Stossel added his own scepticism of possible financial pseudoscience in the form of active investment fund managers who claim that they can consistently beat the market. In a dramatic visual demonstration, Stossel threw 30 darts into a page of stocks and compared their performance since January 1,2010, with stock picks of the 10 largest managed funds. Results: Dartboard, a 31 percent increase; managed funds, a 9.5 percent increase. Admitting that he got lucky because of his limited sample size, Stossel explained that had he thrown enough darts to fully represent the market he would have generated a 12 percent increase — the market average — a full 2.5 percentage points higher than the 10 largest managed funds average increase. As Princeton University economist Burton G. Malkiel elaborated on the show, over the past decade ‘more than two thirds of actively managed funds were beaten by a simple low-cost indexed fund [for example, a mutual fund invested in a large number of stocks], and the active funds that win in one period aren’t the same ones who win in the next period.’

Stossel cited a study in the journal Economics and Portfolio Strategy that tracked 452 managed funds from 1990 to 2009, finding that only 13 beat the market average. Equating managed fund directors to ‘snake-oil salesmen’, Malkiel said that Wall Street is selling Main Street on the belief that experts can consistently time the market and make accurate predictions of when to buy and sell. They can’t. No one can. Not even professional economists and not even for large-scale market indicators. As economics Nobel laureate Paul Samuelson long ago noted in a 1966 Newsweek column: ‘Commentators quote economic studies alleging that market downturns predicted four out of the last five recessions. That is an understatement. Wall Street indexes predicted nine out of the last five recessions!’ 

Even in a given tech area, where you might expect a greater level of specific expertise, economic forecasters fumble. On December 22, 2010, for example, the Wall Street Journal ran a piece on how the great hedge fund financier T. Boone Pickens (chair of BP Capital Management) just abandoned his ‘Pickens Plan’ of investing in wind energy. Pickens invested $2 billion based on his prediction that the price of natural gas would stay high. It didn’t, plummeting as the drilling industry’s ability to unlock methane from shale beds improved, a turn of events even an expert such as Pickens failed to see. Why are experts (along with us nonexperts) so bad at making predictions? The world is a messy, complex and contingent place with countless intervening variables and confounding factors, which our brains are not equipped to evaluate. We evolved the capacity to make snap decisions based on short-term predictions, not rational analysis about long-term investments, and so we deceive ourselves into thinking that experts can foresee the future. This self-deception among professional prognosticators was investigated by University of California, Berkeley, professor Philip E. Tetlock, as reported in his 2005 book Expert Political Judgment. After testing 284 experts in political science, economics, history and journalism in a staggering 82,361 predictions about the future, Tetlock concluded that they did little better than ‘a dart-throwing chimpanzee’. There was one significant factor in greater prediction success, however, and that was cognitive style: ‘foxes’ who know a little about many things do better than ‘hedgehogs’ who know a lot about one area of expertise. Low scorers, Tetlock wrote, were ‘thinkers who “know one big thing”, aggressively extend the explanatory reach of that one big thing into new domains, display bristly impatience with those who “do not get it”, and express considerable confidence that they are already pretty proficient forecasters.’ High scorers in the study were ‘thinkers who know many small things (tricks of their trade), are sceptical of grand schemes, see explanation and prediction not as deductive exercises but rather as exercises in flexible “ad hocery” that require stitching together diverse sources of information, and are rather diffident about their own forecasting prowess.’ Being deeply knowledgeable on one subject narrows focus and increases confidence but also blurs the value of dissenting views and transforms data collection into belief confirmation. One way to avoid being wrong is to be sceptical whenever you catch yourself making predictions based on reducing complex phenomena into one overarching scheme. This type of cognitive trap is why I don’t make predictions and why I never will.

 

 

Q. What does Paul Samuelson’s statement ‘Wall Street indexes predicted nine out of the last five recessions!’ imply?

I. Wall Street indexes are too pessimistic in their predictions.
II. Wall Street indexes need to be more optimistic about their predictions.
III. Wall Street indexes are much better at predicting recessions than anyone realizes.
IV. Wall Street indexes make plenty of extreme predictions, out of which only some come true.

Solution:

Refer to the first few paragraphs, and even more so from the following lines - “the main point is that the predictions of Wall Street indexes are not very accurate.” In this particular quotation, Paul Samuelson points out that the predictions were far too pessimistic compared to what actually happened. Therefore, statement I is correct. Eliminate options 2 and 3.
Statement II is not entirely accurate - the predictions of Wall Street indexes need to be more realistic, not necessarily more optimistic. Eliminate option 4.
Statement III completely contradicts the passage, and can therefore be ruled out.
Statement IV correctly captures the main gist of the first few paragraphs.
Therefore only statements I and IV are correct.
Hence, the correct answer is option 1.

QUESTION: 80

In December 2010 I appeared on John Stossel’s television special on scepticism on Fox Business News, during which I debunked numerous pseudoscientific beliefs. Stossel added his own scepticism of possible financial pseudoscience in the form of active investment fund managers who claim that they can consistently beat the market. In a dramatic visual demonstration, Stossel threw 30 darts into a page of stocks and compared their performance since January 1,2010, with stock picks of the 10 largest managed funds. Results: Dartboard, a 31 percent increase; managed funds, a 9.5 percent increase. Admitting that he got lucky because of his limited sample size, Stossel explained that had he thrown enough darts to fully represent the market he would have generated a 12 percent increase — the market average — a full 2.5 percentage points higher than the 10 largest managed funds average increase. As Princeton University economist Burton G. Malkiel elaborated on the show, over the past decade ‘more than two thirds of actively managed funds were beaten by a simple low-cost indexed fund [for example, a mutual fund invested in a large number of stocks], and the active funds that win in one period aren’t the same ones who win in the next period.’

Stossel cited a study in the journal Economics and Portfolio Strategy that tracked 452 managed funds from 1990 to 2009, finding that only 13 beat the market average. Equating managed fund directors to ‘snake-oil salesmen’, Malkiel said that Wall Street is selling Main Street on the belief that experts can consistently time the market and make accurate predictions of when to buy and sell. They can’t. No one can. Not even professional economists and not even for large-scale market indicators. As economics Nobel laureate Paul Samuelson long ago noted in a 1966 Newsweek column: ‘Commentators quote economic studies alleging that market downturns predicted four out of the last five recessions. That is an understatement. Wall Street indexes predicted nine out of the last five recessions!’ 

Even in a given tech area, where you might expect a greater level of specific expertise, economic forecasters fumble. On December 22, 2010, for example, the Wall Street Journal ran a piece on how the great hedge fund financier T. Boone Pickens (chair of BP Capital Management) just abandoned his ‘Pickens Plan’ of investing in wind energy. Pickens invested $2 billion based on his prediction that the price of natural gas would stay high. It didn’t, plummeting as the drilling industry’s ability to unlock methane from shale beds improved, a turn of events even an expert such as Pickens failed to see. Why are experts (along with us nonexperts) so bad at making predictions? The world is a messy, complex and contingent place with countless intervening variables and confounding factors, which our brains are not equipped to evaluate. We evolved the capacity to make snap decisions based on short-term predictions, not rational analysis about long-term investments, and so we deceive ourselves into thinking that experts can foresee the future. This self-deception among professional prognosticators was investigated by University of California, Berkeley, professor Philip E. Tetlock, as reported in his 2005 book Expert Political Judgment. After testing 284 experts in political science, economics, history and journalism in a staggering 82,361 predictions about the future, Tetlock concluded that they did little better than ‘a dart-throwing chimpanzee’. There was one significant factor in greater prediction success, however, and that was cognitive style: ‘foxes’ who know a little about many things do better than ‘hedgehogs’ who know a lot about one area of expertise. Low scorers, Tetlock wrote, were ‘thinkers who “know one big thing”, aggressively extend the explanatory reach of that one big thing into new domains, display bristly impatience with those who “do not get it”, and express considerable confidence that they are already pretty proficient forecasters.’ High scorers in the study were ‘thinkers who know many small things (tricks of their trade), are sceptical of grand schemes, see explanation and prediction not as deductive exercises but rather as exercises in flexible “ad hocery” that require stitching together diverse sources of information, and are rather diffident about their own forecasting prowess.’ Being deeply knowledgeable on one subject narrows focus and increases confidence but also blurs the value of dissenting views and transforms data collection into belief confirmation. One way to avoid being wrong is to be sceptical whenever you catch yourself making predictions based on reducing complex phenomena into one overarching scheme. This type of cognitive trap is why I don’t make predictions and why I never will.

 

 

Q. What is the difference between ‘foxes’ and ‘hedgehogs’? 

I. Foxes know many little things, while hedgehogs know one big thing.
II. Foxes know one big thing, while hedgehogs know many little things.
III. Foxes think of themselves as good predictors, while hedgehogs think the opposite of themselves.
IV. Foxes do not boast that they are good predictors, while hedgehogs think of themselves as highly skilled.

Solution:

Refer to the penultimate paragraph, where the difference between “foxes” and “hedgehogs” is mentioned. Statement I is clearly stated. By the same token, Statement II is wrong. Eliminate options 3 and 4.
According to the penultimate paragraph, those who know many small things - i.e. foxes - are actually good predictors, but do not think so themselves. (While hedgehogs are bad, but think they are good.) Therefore, statement III is wrong and statement IV is correct. Eliminate option 2.
Therefore, statements I and IV are correct.
Hence, the correct answer is option 1.

QUESTION: 81

Read the following sets of four sentences and arrange them in the most logical sequence to form a meaningful and coherent paragraph.


A. Princess Bamba loved music, met the young Hungarian lady Marie Antoinette in Europe, and persuaded her to come on a trip to Punjab.
B. The handsome aristocratic Sardar fell in love with the charming Marie Antoinette and they decided to get married.
C. They arrived some time in 1911, and in Simla the Princess and her companion met Sardar Umrao Singh Sher-Gil of Majitha.
D. Amrita Sher-Gil was bom of a Hungarian lady who came to India with the socialite Princess Bamba, the cultured and eccentric granddaughter of Maharaja Ranjit Singh.

Solution:

Both statements A and D seem equally suitable as the opening statement of the sequence. We must examine the sentences further to arrive at the correct sequence.
Statement D briefly mentions Amrita Sher-Gil's Hungarian mother and introduces the Princess Bamba, while A talks about how the two women met and set off on a trip. D is therefore a more suitable opening sentence. Eliminate options 3 and 4.
This is followed by statement C, which introduces Sardar Umrao Singh Sher- Gil- Amrita's father. Eliminate option 2, which does not contain the AC link. The sequence is closed by statement B, which talks about how the Sardar and Marie Antoinette fell in love.
Hence, the correct answer is option 1.

QUESTION: 82

Read the sentences and choose the option that best arranges them in a logical order.

 

A. Curry's paradox, so named after Haskell B. Curry, is a paradox within the family of so-called paradoxes of self-reference.
B. Contrastingly though, to the liar and Russell paradoxes, Curry's paradox is negation-free; it may be generated irrespective of one's theory of negation.
C. If one accepts naive truth theory (or naive set theory), then Curry's paradox becomes a direct challenge to one's theory of logical implication or entailment.
D. Like the liar paradox and Russell's paradox, Curry's paradox challenges familiar naive theories, including naive truth theory and naive set theory, respectively.

Solution:

The passage talks about Curry's paradox and compares it with other paradoxes.
Sentence A introduces the paradox by telling us about its discoverer. Eliminate options 3 and 4.
Between sentences B and D, sentence B gets eliminated due to the use of “though” which does not find sufficient context in sentence A. Sentence D follows A by introducing the points of similarity between Curry's paradox and the other paradoxes. Eliminate option 1.
Sentence C follows D by elaborating on “naive truth theory” which is mentioned in sentence D.
Sentence B concludes the paragraph by mentioning a point of contrast between Curry's paradox and the other paradoxes.
Thus, the correct sequence is ADCB.
Hence, the correct answer is option 2.

QUESTION: 83

Pick the word with the correct spelling.

Solution:

The correct spelling is “requiem” which refers to ‘any musical service, hymn, or dirge for the repose of the dead.’ Hence, the correct answer is option 2.

QUESTION: 84

Choose the appropriate option from among the ones given below.  Which of the following options has both words spelled correctly?

Solution:

"Expatriate, Infuriate" have been spelled correctly.
Hence, the correct answer is option 1.

QUESTION: 85

Fill in the blanks with the most appropriate pair of words from the given options.

Hitler may have had a _________frame, but his _________ supporters made him feel inordinately tall.

Solution:

The first word is obviously something that is opposite in meaning to the word “tall.” Out of the options, the only word that fits the bill is “diminutive” which means ‘small; little; tiny’. “Obsequious” fills the second blank well, as only ‘servilely compliant or deferential’ supporters would make him feel like something he was not. “Bellicose” means ‘inclined or eager to fight; aggressively hostile; belligerent; pugnacious’. Since a physical “frame” can be neither bellicose nor “terrifying”, options 2 and 4 can be eliminated. Further, “leonine” means “resembling or suggestive of a lion,” which doesn’t make sense when placed in the second blank.
Even if “steadfast” fits in, a frame cannot be “derivative,” which means ‘not original; secondary’. Therefore, option 3 can be eliminated.
Hence, the correct answer is option 1.

QUESTION: 86

For each of the questions below, select the word that fits well in all the four given sentences.

i. The hidden costs of corruption are almost always much higher than companies_________.

ii. To capture that spirit,_________your own journey through an unknown place.

iii. Their education should not be left to those who may mistakenly  that training is the same as education.

iv. It gives you an impression, and it's up to you to _________ the rest.

Solution:

The cost of corruption is not something that a company will “visualize” or “perceive”. It is something that a company will ‘envision’ or “imagine”. Therefore, options 1 and 2 do not make sense as far as statement i is concerned and can be eliminated.
To “approximate” means ‘to come near to; approach closely to’. It does not fit well within statements ii and iii. One cannot capture a particular spirit or mistakenly believe that training is the same as education through ‘approximation’. This is more likely to occur through ‘imagination’. Eliminate option 3.
Option 4 fits into all of the statements logically and meaningfully.
Hence, the correct answer is option 4.

QUESTION: 87

A sentence is written in four different ways. Choose the option which gives the most effective and grammatically correct sentence. Pay attention to the  grammar, word choice and sentence construction.

Economic growth does well because of expanding cities because of

Solution:

Option 1 is ruled out as the word “because” is used too often making it redundant.
Option 2 starts off in the simple present tense. However, the phrase “would do well” does not adhere to tense parallelism.

Option 4 is ruled out as the singular verb “has” is not parallel with the plural subjects of “rapid urbanization” and “economic growth”.
The consequence of the need of the poor not being addressed in spite of rapid urbanization, expanding cities and economic growth is put forth in a grammatically correct manner in option 3.
Hence, the correct answer is option 3.

QUESTION: 88

A sentence is written in four different ways. Choose the option which gives the most effective and grammatically correct sentence. Pay attention to grammar, word choice and sentence construction.

Poaching always increases by the sales of animal parts, even if the

Solution:

The passage addresses the conclusions drawn by those who follow the patterns of poaching.
The order of sentence construction is distorted in option 1.
Option 2 is ruled out as it is unnecessarily wordy.
There are several grammatical errors in option 4 such as the verb “increase” within the phrase, “always increase poaching ” and the lack of the definite article ‘the’ before the phrase “poaching trade.” Option 3 is grammatically correct and displays correct punctuation as well as sentence construction.
Hence, the correct answer is option 3.

QUESTION: 89

Select the option which expresses a relationship similar to the one expressed in the capitalized pair.

MOTLEY : VARIEGATED ::

Solution:

“Motley” means 'incongruous variance in appearance'. "Variegated" means 'displaying different colours in irregular patches or streaks'.
Both the words are adjectives and describe a particular arrangement. “Speckled” means 'marked with a large number of small spots or patches of colour'. "Cheerful" means 'happy and optimistic'. They are both adjectives as well.
The other options do not display the same relationship.
Hence, the correct answer is option 4.

QUESTION: 90

Select the option which expresses a relationship similar to the one expressed in the capitalized pair.

THWART : ENDEAVOR ::

Solution:

We can “thwart” meaning 'prevent from accomplishing' a person's “endeavor”. Similarly' we can “baffle” meaning 'perplex or confuse' a person's “comprehension” meaning 'understanding'.
The other options do not display the same relationship.
Hence, the correct answer is option 1.

QUESTION: 91

The question below consists of a paragraph in which the first and last  sentences are identified. Choose the option that has the most logical order of the intermediate sentences.

1. Frida Kahlo's art language

i. as a critical reflex against

ii. she hoped to use it

iii. involved the use of indigenous resource

iv. for the modernising nation;

v. in the context of her nascent sympathy

6. her personal narcissism.

Solution:

The prepositions and nouns used at the end of each sentence fragment provide valuable links between the fragments.
Fragment i with “reflex against” can only precede fragment 6, since 6 has the noun “narcissism” which her reflex is against. Eliminate option 4. Fragment v with the noun “sympathy” must be followed by the preposition “for” in fragment iv. Eliminate options 1 and 2.
Option 3 gives the correct sequence of fragments- 1, iii, v, iv, ii, i, 6. The sentence says 'Frida Kahlo's art language involved the use of indigenous resource in the context of her nascent sympathy for the modernising nation; she hoped to use it as a critical reflex against her personal narcissism'.
Hence, the correct answer is option 3.

QUESTION: 92

The question below consists of a paragraph in which the first and last sentences are identified. Choose the option that has the most logical order of the intermediate sentences.

1. His face beaming at having in his house

i. a junior Jeeves almost,

ii. which he had been dialing all morning

iii. such a certified problem-solver,

iv. in a futile effort to reach

v. he led me without further ado to a telephone,

6. a number in New York.

Solution:

There is a clear link between fragments iii and i - fragment iii has “such a ... problem-solver” and i with “junior Jeeves almost” exemplifies it. Therefore, iii has to precede i. Eliminate options 1 and 4.
There is a link between fragment v with “...a telephone” and fragment ii with “which he had been dialing ...” and another one between fragment iv with “... to reach” and fragment 6 having “a number ...”. Eliminate option 3 for not having these links.
The correct sequence is option 2 with 1, iii, i, v, ii, iv, 6. The sentence says 'His face beaming at having in his house such a certified problem-solver, a junior Jeeves almost, he led me without further ado to a telephone, which he had been dialing all morning in a futile effort to reach a number in New York.'.
Hence, the correct answer is option 2.

QUESTION: 93

Select the correct sentence from the given options.

Solution:

Option 1 is incorrect as the preposition to be used is ‘in’, since it is used in the context of inclusion within something (the ingredients in the dish). “Inside” is incorrect because it refers to the physical space inside the dish. Option 2 is incorrect as the right way to frame the sentence would be ‘reach her office’.
Option 3 is constructed correctly.
Option 4 is incorrect due to the repetition of “freedom of choice” and “right to choose” - either one would suffice.
Hence, the correct answer is option 3.

QUESTION: 94

In the question given below, a sentence is written in four different ways. Choose the option which gives the most effective and grammatically correct sentence. Pay attention to grammar, word choice and sentence construction.

This tale though “about” a cat, is heartwarmingly and heartbreakingly really about what it means to be human - the hollowing loneliness and

Solution:

The construction of the sentence in option 1 is faulty in the latter half.
In option 2, the first part of the sentence does not convey its meaning appropriately. It should read as “though about a cat.. .the tale is really about what it means to be human...”. Moreover, the use of prepositions such as “with” in “hollowing loneliness with profound attachment”, “from” in “boundless affection from paralyzing fear of abandonment” and “within” in “every possibility within love” is incorrect. An oscillation ought to be between two factors and not “from” them.
The construction of the latter half of the sentence in option 4 is faulty as well. Option 3 is grammatically correct and conveys the meaning of the sentence appropriately.
Hence, the correct answer is option 3.

QUESTION: 95

Select the odd man out from the given alternatives.

Solution:

The words “archaic”, “antiquity” and “venerable” refer to something that is prehistoric. “Anachronistic” refers to ‘something that is not in its correct historical or chronological time.’ Hence, the correct answer is option 3.

QUESTION: 96

Pick the odd word out

Solution:

“Deprecate”, “castigate” and “remonstrate” are synonyms of the word ‘condemn’. “Endorse” means ‘to approve, support, or sustain’. It is antonymous to the other three words.
Hence, the correct answer is option 4.

QUESTION: 97

Fill in the blanks with the most appropriate option that follows:

After he robbed the store, Pinocchio’s __________started to bother him.

Solution:

The sentence implies that after robbing the store, Pinocchio started feeling guilty about it and and his moral senses bothered him. Hence, the word “conscience” meaning 'a person's moral sense of right and wrong' fits correctly.
The other words, although related contextually to the sentence, are not appropriate.
Hence, the correct answer is option 1.

QUESTION: 98

Fill in the blanks with the most appropriate option that follows:

Michael, who has been working on collaborative songwriting through the internet, thinks that the medium shows great promise, but Norah is not so sure about the quality that such a/an________can produce.

Solution:

Michael has embarked upon the path of songwriting through internet. Hence, in the given context “endeavor” meaning 'an attempt to achieve something' fits well.
Hence, the correct answer is option 2.

QUESTION: 99

How many words of four or more letters can be made with the following, with the condition that at least one “D” and one “T” appear in each word?

D, T, I, D, A, T, C, A, O, T

Solution:

The words that can be formed are: Audit Outdid i.e. past of outdo.
Ditto Addict Toad Autodidact meaning “a self-taught person”.
The total words that can be formed are 6.
Hence, the correct answer is option 3.

QUESTION: 100

How many words of four or more letters can be made with the following, with the condition that “U” appears in each word?

C, E, T, A, L, U, C, L, A.

Solution:

At least 5 words of four or more letters all containing “U” can be made from these letters.
They are: 'Calculate' 'Actual' 'Cult' meaning 'a system of religious veneration and devotion directed towards a particular figure or object'. 'Cull' meaning 'select from a large quantity'. 'Lute' meaning 'a plucked stringed instrument with a long neck bearing frets and a rounded body with a flat front, rather like a halved egg in shape'. 'Tulle' meaning 'a soft, fine silk, cotton, or nylon material like net, used for making veils and dresses'.
Hence, the correct answer is option 1.

QUESTION: 101

A message has been sent in binary (with some bits missing). 

1010_110_01_101__ 110_011

The message comprises some identical data packets having uniform bit length.

Which of these bits will correctly fill the gaps in the message?

Solution:

The message comprises 24 bits (including the blanks).
Since the message has identical data packets having uniform bit length, it implies that there are identical groups of bits and the length of each group is the same.
Based on the divisors of 24, the length of the groups can be 1,2, 3, 4, 6, 8, 12 or 24.
Observe that identical groups are possible only if the length of the group is 6 or 12 bits.
For a group of 6 bits, a common pattern is found i.e. 101011. Consider each option and check which option gives this pattern.
Only option 2 satisfies this condition.
Hence, option 2.

QUESTION: 102

Group Question

Answer the following question based on the information given below.


In each of the following series, some of the letters are missing, which are given below it. Choose the correct alternative.

ACACE _ CE _ AC_ _ I  

Solution:

The series follows the following pattern: AC,ACE,ACEG,ACEGI
Therefore, the missing spaces are A, G, E, and G. Hence, option 3.

QUESTION: 103

In Each of the following series, some of the letters are missing, which are given below it. Choose the correct alternative.

AK __ FBA _ U _ XPZ

Solution:

There are 13 letters in the series. ‘A’ is the seventh letter.
The first and the last letters of the series are the first and the last letters of English alphabet. ‘K’ and ‘P’ are the second and the second from the last letters of the series. Also, ‘K’ and ‘P’ are 11th letters from the first and the last letter of English alphabet. ‘F’ and ‘U’ are the fifth and the fifth from the last letters of the series. ‘F’ and ‘U’ are 6th letters from the first and the last letter of English alphabet.
Thus, we can say that the given series is symmetrical about the middle letter A.
Following the above method, the missing letters would be CIYR. Hence, option 4.

QUESTION: 104

On the eve of Women’s Day, seven women who had performed exceptionally in various fields, in the previous year, were felicitated. The women were seated on the stage in a row. P was seated at the extreme left. Q was seated at the center. R and S did not get along well, hence there were seated as far as possible. U was seated adjacent to P. What was the position of S from the left end?

Solution:

From the conditions given, we get the following table, 

Thus, we can say that S is either in the third position or in the seventh position from the left. Hence, option 4.

QUESTION: 105

Group Question

Answer the following question based on the information given below.


King Vikramaditya had 10 ministers - Amarpal, Dharampal, Arjun, Nakul, Dharamveer, Yudhesteer, Shakti, Duryodhan, Chanakya and Suraj. These ministers handle 10 different porfolios - Defense, Finance, Entertainment, Morality, Equality, EA, Strategy, Tourism, Law and Resource - in no particular order.
In a meeting, the king and his 10 ministers sat on the long rectangular table facing the centre of the table. The king sat on the centre-left of the table and had 5 ministers each on his left and right hand side. The following information was also known:

1. Ministers sitting at any of the four comers are termed diagonally opposite ministers.

2. Amarpal, Duryodhan, Nakul and Dharampal sat at the four comers of the table.

3. Suraj, the Finance minister sat to the immediate left of the Entertainment minister and to the immediate right of the Defense minister.

4. Chanakya who was not the minister of Strategy, sat to the immediate left of Yudhesteer and to the immediate right of Shakti.

5. The Law minister and Strategy minister sat in the same row and faced the Morality minister and Finance minister respectively.

6. The Resource minister didn't sit in the same row as the Equality minister but had the EA minister in his row.

7. The Defense minister sat diagonally opposite the Resource minister.

8. Arjun is the Morality minister while Dharamveer is the Entertainment minister.

9. The EA minister sat to the right of the Strategy minister while Duryodhan sat to the right of Yudhesteer.

10. Nakul sat diagonally opposite Duryodhan.

11. Yudhesteer sits on the right hand side of the King.

 

 

Q. Who is the tourism minister?

Solution:

From statements 4, 9 and 11 : Yudhesteer, Chanakya, Shakti and Duryodhan sit on the right hand side of the king. Also, one of Amarpal and Dharampal sit in this row. Correspondingly, the other person (i.e. Amarpal or Dharampal), Nakul, Arjun, Dharamveer and Suraj sit in the same row on the left hand side of the king. 

Now, Amarpal, Duryodhan, Nakul and Dharampal sit on the corners of the table and Nakul sits diagonally opposite Duryodhan. Hence, Nakul sits on the immediate left of the King.
Now, Suraj, the Finance minister, sits to the immediate left of the Entertainment minister (i.e. Dharamveer) and to the immediate right of the Defense minister.
None among Arjun, Dharmveer and Suraj can sit at any corner of the table.
Hence, Arjun, the Morality minister, must sit to the right of Dharamveer.
Hence, we get the following arrangement.

 

Now, the Law minister and Strategy minister sitting in the same row face the Morality minister and Finance minister respectively. Since Arjun and Suraj are the Morality and Finance minister respectively, Shakti and Yudhesteer are the Law and Strategy minister respectively. Now, the EA minister sat to the right of the Strategy minister. Hence, Duryodhan and Yudhistir are the EA and Strategy minister respectively. Now, the Defense minister sat diagonally opposite the Resource minister. Also, Suraj, the Finance minister sits to the right of the Defense minister.
Hence, the furthest minister to the left of the King is the Defense minister.
Hence, the Resource minister sits to the immediate right of the King. Now, the Resource minister didn’t sit in the same row as the Equality minister. So, Nakul must be the Equality minister.
Hence, Chankya must be the Tourism minister. Hence, we get the following arrangement.

Thus, Chankya is the Tourism minister. Hence, option 3.

QUESTION: 106

King Vikramaditya had 10 ministers - Amarpal, Dharampal, Arjun, Nakul, Dharamveer, Yudhesteer, Shakti, Duryodhan, Chanakya and Suraj. These ministers handle 10 different porfolios - Defense, Finance, Entertainment, Morality, Equality, EA, Strategy, Tourism, Law and Resource - in no particular order.
In a meeting, the king and his 10 ministers sat on the long rectangular table facing the centre of the table. The king sat on the centre-left of the table and had 5 ministers each on his left and right hand side. The following information was also known:

1. Ministers sitting at any of the four comers are termed diagonally opposite ministers.

2. Amarpal, Duryodhan, Nakul and Dharampal sat at the four comers of the table.

3. Suraj, the Finance minister sat to the immediate left of the Entertainment minister and to the immediate right of the Defense minister.

4. Chanakya who was not the minister of Strategy, sat to the immediate left of Yudhesteer and to the immediate right of Shakti.

5. The Law minister and Strategy minister sat in the same row and faced the Morality minister and Finance minister respectively.

6. The Resource minister didn't sit in the same row as the Equality minister but had the EA minister in his row.

7. The Defense minister sat diagonally opposite the Resource minister.

8. Arjun is the Morality minister while Dharamveer is the Entertainment minister.

9. The EA minister sat to the right of the Strategy minister while Duryodhan sat to the right of Yudhesteer.

10. Nakul sat diagonally opposite Duryodhan.

11. Yudhesteer sits on the right hand side of the King.

 

 

Q. Which ministry does Dharampal hold?

Solution:

Consider the final arrangement obtained in the solution to the previous question.
Dharmpal can either be the Defense minister or the Resource minister.
Hence, option 4.

QUESTION: 107

King Vikramaditya had 10 ministers - Amarpal, Dharampal, Arjun, Nakul, Dharamveer, Yudhesteer, Shakti, Duryodhan, Chanakya and Suraj. These ministers handle 10 different porfolios - Defense, Finance, Entertainment, Morality, Equality, EA, Strategy, Tourism, Law and Resource - in no particular order.
In a meeting, the king and his 10 ministers sat on the long rectangular table facing the centre of the table. The king sat on the centre-left of the table and had 5 ministers each on his left and right hand side. The following information was also known:

1. Ministers sitting at any of the four comers are termed diagonally opposite ministers.

2. Amarpal, Duryodhan, Nakul and Dharampal sat at the four comers of the table.

3. Suraj, the Finance minister sat to the immediate left of the Entertainment minister and to the immediate right of the Defense minister.

4. Chanakya who was not the minister of Strategy, sat to the immediate left of Yudhesteer and to the immediate right of Shakti.

5. The Law minister and Strategy minister sat in the same row and faced the Morality minister and Finance minister respectively.

6. The Resource minister didn't sit in the same row as the Equality minister but had the EA minister in his row.

7. The Defense minister sat diagonally opposite the Resource minister.

8. Arjun is the Morality minister while Dharamveer is the Entertainment minister.

9. The EA minister sat to the right of the Strategy minister while Duryodhan sat to the right of Yudhesteer.

10. Nakul sat diagonally opposite Duryodhan.

11. Yudhesteer sits on the right hand side of the King.

 

 

Q. Who among the following does not sit in the same row as the other  three peop|e mentioned in the options?

Solution:

Consider the final arrangement obtained in the solution to the first question.The EA minister (Duryodhan), Strategy minister (Yudhesteer) and Shakti sit in the same row.
Nakul sits in the opposite row.
Hence, option 4.

QUESTION: 108

King Vikramaditya had 10 ministers - Amarpal, Dharampal, Arjun, Nakul, Dharamveer, Yudhesteer, Shakti, Duryodhan, Chanakya and Suraj. These ministers handle 10 different porfolios - Defense, Finance, Entertainment, Morality, Equality, EA, Strategy, Tourism, Law and Resource - in no particular order.
In a meeting, the king and his 10 ministers sat on the long rectangular table facing the centre of the table. The king sat on the centre-left of the table and had 5 ministers each on his left and right hand side. The following information was also known:

1. Ministers sitting at any of the four comers are termed diagonally opposite ministers.

2. Amarpal, Duryodhan, Nakul and Dharampal sat at the four comers of the table.

3. Suraj, the Finance minister sat to the immediate left of the Entertainment minister and to the immediate right of the Defense minister.

4. Chanakya who was not the minister of Strategy, sat to the immediate left of Yudhesteer and to the immediate right of Shakti.

5. The Law minister and Strategy minister sat in the same row and faced the Morality minister and Finance minister respectively.

6. The Resource minister didn't sit in the same row as the Equality minister but had the EA minister in his row.

7. The Defense minister sat diagonally opposite the Resource minister.

8. Arjun is the Morality minister while Dharamveer is the Entertainment minister.

9. The EA minister sat to the right of the Strategy minister while Duryodhan sat to the right of Yudhesteer.

10. Nakul sat diagonally opposite Duryodhan.

11. Yudhesteer sits on the right hand side of the King.

 

 

Q. Who among the following sat to the right of Arjun?

Solution:

Consider the final arrangement obtained in the solution to the first question.
Nakul sat to the right of Arjun.
Hence, option 3.

QUESTION: 109

King Vikramaditya had 10 ministers - Amarpal, Dharampal, Arjun, Nakul, Dharamveer, Yudhesteer, Shakti, Duryodhan, Chanakya and Suraj. These ministers handle 10 different porfolios - Defense, Finance, Entertainment, Morality, Equality, EA, Strategy, Tourism, Law and Resource - in no particular order.
In a meeting, the king and his 10 ministers sat on the long rectangular table facing the centre of the table. The king sat on the centre-left of the table and had 5 ministers each on his left and right hand side. The following information was also known:

1. Ministers sitting at any of the four comers are termed diagonally opposite ministers.

2. Amarpal, Duryodhan, Nakul and Dharampal sat at the four comers of the table.

3. Suraj, the Finance minister sat to the immediate left of the Entertainment minister and to the immediate right of the Defense minister.

4. Chanakya who was not the minister of Strategy, sat to the immediate left of Yudhesteer and to the immediate right of Shakti.

5. The Law minister and Strategy minister sat in the same row and faced the Morality minister and Finance minister respectively.

6. The Resource minister didn't sit in the same row as the Equality minister but had the EA minister in his row.

7. The Defense minister sat diagonally opposite the Resource minister.

8. Arjun is the Morality minister while Dharamveer is the Entertainment minister.

9. The EA minister sat to the right of the Strategy minister while Duryodhan sat to the right of Yudhesteer.

10. Nakul sat diagonally opposite Duryodhan.

11. Yudhesteer sits on the right hand side of the King.

 

 

Q. Which of the following statement(s) is/are definitely true? 

I. Yudhesteer is the Strategy minister

II. Amarpal is the Defense minister

III. Chanakya is the Tourism minister

Solution:

Consider the final arrangement obtained in the solution to the first question.
Yudhesteer and Chanakya are definitely the Strategy and Tourism ministers respectively.
Hence, statements I and III are definitely true.
Amarpal is either the Defense minister or the Resources minister. Thus, statement II may or may not be true.
Hence, option 2.

QUESTION: 110

King Vikramaditya had 10 ministers - Amarpal, Dharampal, Arjun, Nakul, Dharamveer, Yudhesteer, Shakti, Duryodhan, Chanakya and Suraj. These ministers handle 10 different porfolios - Defense, Finance, Entertainment, Morality, Equality, EA, Strategy, Tourism, Law and Resource - in no particular order.
In a meeting, the king and his 10 ministers sat on the long rectangular table facing the centre of the table. The king sat on the centre-left of the table and had 5 ministers each on his left and right hand side. The following information was also known:

1. Ministers sitting at any of the four comers are termed diagonally opposite ministers.

2. Amarpal, Duryodhan, Nakul and Dharampal sat at the four comers of the table.

3. Suraj, the Finance minister sat to the immediate left of the Entertainment minister and to the immediate right of the Defense minister.

4. Chanakya who was not the minister of Strategy, sat to the immediate left of Yudhesteer and to the immediate right of Shakti.

5. The Law minister and Strategy minister sat in the same row and faced the Morality minister and Finance minister respectively.

6. The Resource minister didn't sit in the same row as the Equality minister but had the EA minister in his row.

7. The Defense minister sat diagonally opposite the Resource minister.

8. Arjun is the Morality minister while Dharamveer is the Entertainment minister.

9. The EA minister sat to the right of the Strategy minister while Duryodhan sat to the right of Yudhesteer.

10. Nakul sat diagonally opposite Duryodhan.

11. Yudhesteer sits on the right hand side of the King.

 

Q. Which of these pairs of people is definitely not opposite each other?

Solution:

Consider the solution to the first question.
Shakti and Suraj are the Law Minister and Finance Minister respectively.
They are not definitely not opposite each other.
All the other pairs can possibly be opposite each other.
Hence, option 2.

QUESTION: 111

In a certain language, “in the box” is coded as vandirojo, “over the top" is coded as marcosangelrojo and “over and out” is coded as daleydiangel. Which of the following can be the code of “over the moon”?

Solution:

The word “the” is common to the first two sentences and so is the code rojo.
Hence, “the” is coded as rojo.
Hence, rojo has to be part of the required code.
Hence, option 2 can be eliminated. The word “over” is common to the last two sentences and so is the code angel.
Hence, “over” is coded as angel.
Hence, angel also has to be part of the required code.
Hence, option 3 can be eliminated.
Now, the word “moon” is not a part of any of the original sentences.
So, its code also should not present in any of the sentences.
From options 1 and 4, the possible code for “moon” is van or arturo.
However, van is present in the codes for the first sentence.
Hence, the code for “moon” has to be arturo.
Hence, option 4.

QUESTION: 112

What is the angular distance (in radians) between two ants at 10:40 a.m., such that one ant is on the hour hand and the other is on the minute hand?

Solution:

where; h = number of hours elapsed and m = number of minutes completed in that hour at the required time.

Hence, option 3.

QUESTION: 113

Find the statement which is necessarily true according to the given information.

An important issue often not realized in countries that do not produce olive oil is that the freshness makes a big difference. A very fresh oil, as available in an oil producing region, tastes noticeably different from the older oils available elsewhere. In time, oils deteriorate and become stale. One-year old oil may be still pleasant to the taste, but it is surely less fragrant than fresh oil. After the first year, olive oil should be used for cooking, not for foods to be eaten cold, like salads.

Solution:

Given this information alone, we do-not know if wine does mature for the better with age. Hence, we have no means of substantiating option 1. External knowledge cannot be applied here.
The passage makes a case for how smell is as important as taste when it comes to cooking and consuming food. However, it does not state that smell is more important than taste. Eliminate option 2.
According to the passage, though oil, which is a year old may taste pleasant, it is less fragrant than fresh oil. As far as usage is concerned, the passage vouches for fresh olive oil, especially for cold foods.
Thus, we can infer that fresh oil must be enhancing the taste and flavour of cold foods with its fragrance. This vindicates option 3 as the correct answer.
Option 4 contradicts this part of the passage, “A very fresh oil, as available in an oil producing region, tastes noticeably different from the older oils available elsewhere.”.
Hence, the correct answer is option 3.

QUESTION: 114

Answer the following question based on the information given below.

While the official unemployment rate in India stands at a low 3.8 percent, economists argue this is not a fair reflection of employment conditions.
The employment data only cover the so-called "official sector" such as public-sector jobs and large companies, a fraction of the entire job market, while leaving out those in the "unofficial sector" including small-to-medium sized enterprises or the agricultural sector, where under-employment is widespread.


Which of the following information would be required to validate the conclusion made by the economists?

Solution:

According to the economists, the official unemployment rate in India i.e. 3.8% is not reflective of both the sectors contributing to its economy. Therefore, in order to arrive at a fair estimation of the rate of unemployment, we would need a consolidated figure representing the rate of unemployment in both, the official as well as the unofficial sector. This points to option 2 as being the correct answer.
The total number of people unemployed in the unofficial sector will still not give us a fair idea about the rate of unemployment in the entire country. Eliminate option 1.
Examining the causes of unemployment or comparing the rate of unemployment in the official versus the unofficial sector will not lead to the desired result in this case. It is essential to consolidate all of this information in order to arrive at that result. Eliminate options 3 and 4. Hence, the correct answer is option 2.

QUESTION: 115

Group Question

Answer the following question based on the information given below.

Some letters and their respective codes are given below.

Some rules are to be followed while converting an English word to a code.

i. If the first and last letters are vowels, all the consonants should be coded as €.

ii. If the first and last letters are consonants, all the consonants should be coded as ©.

iii. If the first letter is a consonant and the last letter is a vowel, all the vowels should be coded as 0.

iv. If the last letter is a consonant and the first letter is a vowel, all the consonants should be coded as £.

 

Q. What will be the code for AFECGID?

Solution:

Since the last letter is a consonant and the first letter is a vowel, all the consonants should be coded as £. The remaining letters should be coded as per the table.
Thus, AFECGID is coded as !£3££%£ Hence, option 4.

QUESTION: 116

Some letters and their respective codes are given below.

Some rules are to be followed while converting an English word to a code.

i. If the first and last letters are vowels, all the consonants should be coded as €.

ii. If the first and last letters are consonants, all the consonants should be coded as ©.

iii. If the first letter is a consonant and the last letter is a vowel, all the vowels should be coded as 0.

iv. If the last letter is a consonant and the first letter is a vowel, all the consonants should be coded as £.

 

 

Q. Which of these words can be coded as !&€€7€€%?

Solution:

The € symbol is used only when the first and last letter of the word is a vowel.
Hence, option 2 can be eliminated.
Also, in that case, the consonants of the original word have been coded as €.
Thus, the third, fourth, sixth and seventh letter of the original word should be a consonant.
The code for A, U, O and I is !, &, 7 and % respectively.
Thus, AUXBOJDI can be coded as !&€€7€€%.
Hence, option 3.

QUESTION: 117

Introducing Suresh, a girl - Kavita - said, “ His brother’s father is the only son of my grandmother”. How is Kavita related to Suresh?

Solution:

Suresh’s brother’s father is also Suresh’s father.
Hence, Suresh’s father is the only son of Kavita’s grandmother. “Only son of Kavita’s grandmother” can either mean:

1. Kavita’s grandmother has only one child i.e. Suresh’s father. Here, Kavita also becomes the daughter of Suresh’s father. In this case, Kavita is the sister of Suresh.

2. Kavita’s grandmother has only one son (i.e. Suresh’s father) and one or more daughters. Here, Kavita can be the daughter of one of the daughters of Kavita’s grandmother. In this case, Kavita and Suresh are cousins.
Hence, the relationship between Kavita and Suresh cannot be determined. Hence, option 4.

QUESTION: 118

Group Question

Answer the following question based on the information given below.


Four married couples, of which A, B, C and D were husbands and E, F, G and H were wives, bought four different cars (colours and brands) from a showroom. Each husband and wife pair together went to buy the car. A did not go with H to buy the car nor did he buy brands W or Y, but bought a black car. B’s wife was E and he bought the brand Y whose colour was not green. C’s wife was not F and D’s wife was neither G nor H. D bought the brand X whose colour was blue. One of the couples bought a brown car which was not of brand Z.

 

 

Q. Who among the following bought the brand Y?

Solution:

Make a table with the names of the husabndas entered and then fill the names of the corresponding wives, brands and colours.
A bought a black car. Thus, this gets filled directly.
Also, A did not buy cars of brands W or Y. Thus, he could have possibly bought X or Z.
Finally, A did not go with H. Since each person went with his wife, H is not A’s wife. Therefore, A’s wife is one from E, F and G.
Now, B’s wife is E and he bought a car of brand Y. Also, his car was not green.
Therefore, the colour of B’s car is either blue or brown.
D bought a blue car of brand X.
Since A could have bought only brand X or Z, A has to now buy brand X. Therefore, C can only buy brand W. Similarly, B could have only bought a blue or brown.
Since D has a blue car, B will have to buy a brown car. Consequently, C will have to buy a green car.
Now, D’s wife was neither G nor H.
Therefore, D’s wife would be one of E and F.
However, E is B’s wife.
Thus, D’s wife is F.and so A’s wife is G.
Consequently, C’s wife is H.
Thus, the final table is as shown below: 

E bought the car of brand Y. Hence, option 2.

QUESTION: 119

Four married couples, of which A, B, C and D were husbands and E, F, G and H were wives, bought four different cars (colours and brands) from a showroom. Each husband and wife pair together went to buy the car. A did not go with H to buy the car nor did he buy brands W or Y, but bought a black car. B’s wife was E and he bought the brand Y whose colour was not green. C’s wife was not F and D’s wife was neither G nor H. D bought the brand X whose colour was blue. One of the couples bought a brown car which was not of brand Z.

 

 

Q. Who bought the green car?

Solution:

From the table obtained in the solution to the previous question, H bought the green car.
Hence, option 3.

QUESTION: 120

Four married couples, of which A, B, C and D were husbands and E, F, G and H were wives, bought four different cars (colours and brands) from a showroom. Each husband and wife pair together went to buy the car. A did not go with H to buy the car nor did he buy brands W or Y, but bought a black car. B’s wife was E and he bought the brand Y whose colour was not green. C’s wife was not F and D’s wife was neither G nor H. D bought the brand X whose colour was blue. One of the couples bought a brown car which was not of brand Z.

 

 

Q. Which of these statements is true?

Solution:

Consider the solution to the first question.
Car X was blue in colour. Hence, the statement in option 1 is false.
F’s husband, D, had a blue X. Hence, the statement in option 2 is true.
The only car whose colour did not start with the letter ‘b’ is W, as it is green. Its owners are C and H. Hence, the statement in option 3 is false.
Hence, option 2.

Related tests