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EMRS PGT Biology Mock Test - 1 - EMRS MCQ


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150 Questions MCQ Test EMRS PGT Mock Test Series 2024 - EMRS PGT Biology Mock Test - 1

EMRS PGT Biology Mock Test - 1 for EMRS 2024 is part of EMRS PGT Mock Test Series 2024 preparation. The EMRS PGT Biology Mock Test - 1 questions and answers have been prepared according to the EMRS exam syllabus.The EMRS PGT Biology Mock Test - 1 MCQs are made for EMRS 2024 Exam. Find important definitions, questions, notes, meanings, examples, exercises, MCQs and online tests for EMRS PGT Biology Mock Test - 1 below.
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EMRS PGT Biology Mock Test - 1 - Question 1

Set events in chronological order in which they happened.

1. Sepoy mutiny

2. Vasco da Gama reached India

3. Babur started mughal dynasty

Detailed Solution for EMRS PGT Biology Mock Test - 1 - Question 1

Vasco da Gama reached India:

Vasco de Gama becomes the first European to reach India via the Atlantic Ocean when he arrives at Calicut on the Malabar Coast on 20 May 1498.

Babur started Mughal dynasty:

Babur, who laid down the foundation of the rule of a new dynasty in India in 1526 A.D.

Sepoy mutiny:

A revolt of the sepoy troops in British India (1857-59), resulting in the transfer of the administration of India from the East India Company to the crown known as Sepoy Mutiny.

EMRS PGT Biology Mock Test - 1 - Question 2

Which committee was set up to review the concept of the poverty line?

Detailed Solution for EMRS PGT Biology Mock Test - 1 - Question 2
  • Suresh Tendulkar committee was constituted to review the concept of the poverty line in 2005. The committee recommended to shift away from the calories model.
  • Lakdawala committee was constituted to consider methodological and computational aspects of estimation of proportion and number of poor in India.
  • Wanchoo committee was constituted to look into industrial development for the backward areas and to recommend fiscal and financial incentives for industries in these areas.
  • Dutt committee was constituted to inquire into the working of the licensing system in India.
EMRS PGT Biology Mock Test - 1 - Question 3

Match the following:-

Detailed Solution for EMRS PGT Biology Mock Test - 1 - Question 3

EMRS PGT Biology Mock Test - 1 - Question 4

What is another name of Creeping Inflation?

Detailed Solution for EMRS PGT Biology Mock Test - 1 - Question 4

Low Inflation is the single digit change in the Rate of Inflation annually. Low inflation encourages consumers to buy goods and services because delay would mean that they would have to pay more for the same product. Low Inflation is causes due to deflation or negative inflation. When the prices fall because of the supply of goods is higher than the demand for those goods.

EMRS PGT Biology Mock Test - 1 - Question 5

The degree of response of demand to changes in price is ________

Detailed Solution for EMRS PGT Biology Mock Test - 1 - Question 5

EMRS PGT Biology Mock Test - 1 - Question 6

To which of the following crops does the Rashtriya Krishi Bima Yojana (NAIS) provide insurance?

Detailed Solution for EMRS PGT Biology Mock Test - 1 - Question 6

The Government introduced in 1999-2000, a new scheme titled “National Agricultural Insurance Scheme” (NAIS) or “Rashtriya Krishi Bima Yojana” (RKBY). NAIS envisages coverage of all food crops (cereals and pulses), oilseeds, horticultural and commercial crops. It covers all farmers, both loanees and non-loanees, under the scheme.

EMRS PGT Biology Mock Test - 1 - Question 7

Camels hump is made up of which connecting tissue?

Detailed Solution for EMRS PGT Biology Mock Test - 1 - Question 7
  • Camels hump is made up of Adipose tissue. Camels hump contain fatty tissues.
  • Adipose tissue located mainly beneath the skin.
  • It specialized to store fats.
  • Excess nutrients not used immediately are converted into fats and are stored in Adipose tissue.
EMRS PGT Biology Mock Test - 1 - Question 8

Which countries are separated by the Mac Mohan Line?

Detailed Solution for EMRS PGT Biology Mock Test - 1 - Question 8

The Mac Mohan Line is the international boundary line between India and China and it was proposed by Henry Mac Mohan in 1914.

EMRS PGT Biology Mock Test - 1 - Question 9

The function of an assembler is

Detailed Solution for EMRS PGT Biology Mock Test - 1 - Question 9

The assembler has the main task that it takes the assembly language as input and processes it. It gives the output in form of machine language.

EMRS PGT Biology Mock Test - 1 - Question 10

Who won the Women’s single trophy at 2023 Australian Open?

Detailed Solution for EMRS PGT Biology Mock Test - 1 - Question 10

Aryna Sabalenka defeated Elena Rybakina in the final, 4–6, 6–3, 6–4 to win the women's singles tennis title at the 2023 Australian Open. It was her first major singles title.

EMRS PGT Biology Mock Test - 1 - Question 11

Directions: Study the following information to answer the given question.

Five Women Madhu, Kanchan, Chandni, Sheela and Rekha are married to Doctor, Naval Officer, Lawyer, Sales Manager and Engineer. The ladies are Accountant, Teacher and Doctor by Profession, while two are Housewives.
(i) One husband and Wife have the same profession.
(ii) Madhu and Kanchan are neither Housewives nor they are married to Doctor or Lawyer.
(iii) Sheela and Rekha are neither Teacher nor Accountant and their Husbands are neither the Engineer nor are in a Navy.
(iv) The Sales Manager is not Madhu’s or Chandni’s husband. His Wife is an Accountant.
(v) Rekha is not a doctor
(Vi) Chandni is not a Teacher and the Teacher’s husband is Naval officer.

Q. Who is the wife of Engineer?

Detailed Solution for EMRS PGT Biology Mock Test - 1 - Question 11

EMRS PGT Biology Mock Test - 1 - Question 12

Directions: Study the following information to answer the given question.

Five Women Madhu, Kanchan, Chandni, Sheela and Rekha are married to Doctor, Naval Officer, Lawyer, Sales Manager and Engineer. The ladies are Accountant, Teacher and Doctor by Profession, while two are Housewives.
(i) One husband and Wife have the same profession.
(ii) Madhu and Kanchan are neither Housewives nor they are married to Doctor or Lawyer.
(iii) Sheela and Rekha are neither Teacher nor Accountant and their Husbands are neither the Engineer nor are in a Navy.
(iv) The Sales Manager is not Madhu’s or Chandni’s husband. His Wife is an Accountant.
(v) Rekha is not a doctor
(Vi) Chandni is not a Teacher and the Teacher’s husband is Naval officer.

Q. Who among the following is engaged in Doctor’s Profession with her husband?

Detailed Solution for EMRS PGT Biology Mock Test - 1 - Question 12

EMRS PGT Biology Mock Test - 1 - Question 13

Directions: Study the following information to answer the given question.

Five Women Madhu, Kanchan, Chandni, Sheela and Rekha are married to Doctor, Naval Officer, Lawyer, Sales Manager and Engineer. The ladies are Accountant, Teacher and Doctor by Profession, while two are Housewives.
(i) One husband and Wife have the same profession.
(ii) Madhu and Kanchan are neither Housewives nor they are married to Doctor or Lawyer.
(iii) Sheela and Rekha are neither Teacher nor Accountant and their Husbands are neither the Engineer nor are in a Navy.
(iv) The Sales Manager is not Madhu’s or Chandni’s husband. His Wife is an Accountant.
(v) Rekha is not a doctor
(Vi) Chandni is not a Teacher and the Teacher’s husband is Naval officer.

Q. Which of the following pair is the correct match of husband –wife?

Detailed Solution for EMRS PGT Biology Mock Test - 1 - Question 13

EMRS PGT Biology Mock Test - 1 - Question 14

Directions: Study the following information to answer the given question.

Five Women Madhu, Kanchan, Chandni, Sheela and Rekha are married to Doctor, Naval Officer, Lawyer, Sales Manager and Engineer. The ladies are Accountant, Teacher and Doctor by Profession, while two are Housewives.
(i) One husband and Wife have the same profession.
(ii) Madhu and Kanchan are neither Housewives nor they are married to Doctor or Lawyer.
(iii) Sheela and Rekha are neither Teacher nor Accountant and their Husbands are neither the Engineer nor are in a Navy.
(iv) The Sales Manager is not Madhu’s or Chandni’s husband. His Wife is an Accountant.
(v) Rekha is not a doctor
(Vi) Chandni is not a Teacher and the Teacher’s husband is Naval officer.

Q. Who among the followings are Housewives?

Detailed Solution for EMRS PGT Biology Mock Test - 1 - Question 14

EMRS PGT Biology Mock Test - 1 - Question 15

Directions: In the following question assuming the given statements to be True, find which of the conclusion among given conclusions is/are definitely true and then give your answers accordingly.

Statements:
A > B, B > C, C = D, D < E

Conclusions:

I. B = D

II. B > D

Detailed Solution for EMRS PGT Biology Mock Test - 1 - Question 15

Given statements: A > B, B > C, C = D, D < E

On combining: A > B > C = D < E

Conclusions:

I. B = D → False (as B > C = D → B > D thus clear relation between B and D)

II. B > D→ True (as B > C = D → B > D)

Therefore, only conclusion II is True.

EMRS PGT Biology Mock Test - 1 - Question 16

In the following question assuming the given statements to be true, find which of the conclusion among given conclusions is/are definitely true and give your answers accordingly.

Statements:

P > Q; Q > R; R > S; S > T

Conclusions:

I. T < Q

II. R < P

Detailed Solution for EMRS PGT Biology Mock Test - 1 - Question 16

Given statements: P > Q; Q > R; R > S; S > T.

On combining: P > Q > R > S > T

Conclusions

I. T < Q → True (as Q > R > S > T → Q > T)

II. R < P → True (as P > Q > R → P > R)

Hence, both of the conclusions are true.

EMRS PGT Biology Mock Test - 1 - Question 17

Statements:
Some cows are crows.
Some crows are elephants.

Conclusions:
1. Some cows are elephants.
2. All crows are elephants.

Detailed Solution for EMRS PGT Biology Mock Test - 1 - Question 17

Since the middle term is not distributed in both the premises, no conclusion can be framed. Secondly, if both the premises begin with "Some" no conclusion can be reached.

EMRS PGT Biology Mock Test - 1 - Question 18

Direction: Study the following information carefully to answer the given questions:

If 'A () B' means 'B is the mother of A'

If 'A of B' means 'B is the father of A'

If 'A ÷ B' means 'B is the sister of A'

If 'A × B' means 'B is the brother of A'

If 'A + B' means 'B is the daughter of A'

If 'A - B' means 'B is the son of A'

Q. What does 'L () M ÷ N' means?

Detailed Solution for EMRS PGT Biology Mock Test - 1 - Question 18

'L() M ÷ N' means M is mother of L, N is sister of M.

Hence, M and N are both sisters.

EMRS PGT Biology Mock Test - 1 - Question 19

Directions: Study the following information carefully to answer the given Questions:

P^Q-P is the child of Q
P!Q-P is the parent of Q
P*Q - P is elder to Q
P#Q-P is younger to Q
P@Q-P is brother of Q
P&Q - P is wife of Q
P+Q-P is sister-in-law of Q

Q. If P*Q^R@S#T*P, the age of Q is 22 years and age of T is 33 years, so what can be the age of P?

Detailed Solution for EMRS PGT Biology Mock Test - 1 - Question 19

P*Q^R@S#T*P: P is elder than Q, Q is child of R, R is brother of S, S is younger than T, T is elder than P.
The age of Q is 22 years and age of T is 33 years.

T(33) > P > Q
Hence, the age of P is 29 years.

EMRS PGT Biology Mock Test - 1 - Question 20

P walks 8m to the south ,then he turn to his left and walks 15m then he turn to his right and walk 12m again he turns to his right and walk 15m and turn right and stopped how far and in which direction from the starting point ?

Detailed Solution for EMRS PGT Biology Mock Test - 1 - Question 20

EMRS PGT Biology Mock Test - 1 - Question 21

P is 15m to the west of Q. R is 13m to the south of Q and 5m to the east of S. T is 20m to the north of S.T is 10m to the east of U…….

Q.

 If A is 7m to the west of T, then which of the following will be nearest point to A.  00

EMRS PGT Biology Mock Test - 1 - Question 22

Point W is 7m towards the West of point X. Point X is 3m towards the North of point Y. Point Z is 4m towards West of point Y…………… 

Q. What is the position of X with respect to P

Detailed Solution for EMRS PGT Biology Mock Test - 1 - Question 22

X is towards the east wrt to P

EMRS PGT Biology Mock Test - 1 - Question 23

Manik walks 4m towards east then turn to his right and walks 4m and then turn to his left and walk 5m.Again turning to her left he walks 4m and stopped.What is the shortest distance between the starting point and ending point ?

Detailed Solution for EMRS PGT Biology Mock Test - 1 - Question 23

EMRS PGT Biology Mock Test - 1 - Question 24

Barun is taller than Sanjay. Bipul is taller than Barun. Krishna is also not as tall as Bipul but is taller than Barun. Who is the tallest ?

Detailed Solution for EMRS PGT Biology Mock Test - 1 - Question 24

The information given in the question may be arranged as follows
Barun is taller than Sanjay.
Barun > Sanjay
Krishna is also not as tall as Bipul but is taller than Barun.
Bipul > Krishna > Barun
So according to above explanation the final arrangement is
Bipul > Krishna > Barun > Sanjay
So, Bipul is the tallest.

So Option C is correct

EMRS PGT Biology Mock Test - 1 - Question 25

The age of Ram is twice the age of Shyam and half the age of Sohan, Shyam is elder than Mohan. Who is the eldest ?

Detailed Solution for EMRS PGT Biology Mock Test - 1 - Question 25

Let the age of Shyam = x year
Then, age of Ram = 2x year
and age of Sohan = 4x year
∴ 4x > 2x > x
On arranging the above data, we get
∴ Sohan > Ram > Shyam > Mohan
So, Sohan is the eldest.

So Option C is correct

EMRS PGT Biology Mock Test - 1 - Question 26

Q. In a row of girls, Sanjana is eighth from the left and Anshul is seventeenth from the right. If they interchange their positions, Sanjana becomes fourteenth from the left. How many girls are there in the row?

Detailed Solution for EMRS PGT Biology Mock Test - 1 - Question 26

Sanjana - 8th from left
Anshul - 17th from right
after interchanging their positions are:
Sanjana - 14th from left
So, 17+14-1= 30
therefore option 'D' is correct

EMRS PGT Biology Mock Test - 1 - Question 27

Lakshmi is elder than Meenu. Leela is elder than Meenu but younger than Lakshmi. Latha is younger than both Meenu and Hari but Hari is younger than Meenu. who is the youngest ?

Detailed Solution for EMRS PGT Biology Mock Test - 1 - Question 27

According to the question,
Lakshmi is elder than Meenu
Lakshmi > Meenu
Leela is elder than Meenu but younger than Lakshmi
Lakshmi > Leela > Meenu
Latha is younger than both Meenu and Hari but Hari is younger than Meenu
Meenu > Hari > Latha

On arranging the above data, we get
Lakshmi > Leela > Meenu > Hari > Latha

Hence, Latha is the youngest.

So Option D is correct

EMRS PGT Biology Mock Test - 1 - Question 28

Which one will replace the question mark ?

Detailed Solution for EMRS PGT Biology Mock Test - 1 - Question 28

(4 x 6) % 3 = 8

(6 x 10) % 5 = 12

(4 x 8) % 2 = 16.

EMRS PGT Biology Mock Test - 1 - Question 29

Which one will replace the question mark ?

Detailed Solution for EMRS PGT Biology Mock Test - 1 - Question 29

(5 x 3) + 4 = 19

and (6 x 4) + 5 = 29

Therefore, (7 x 5) + 6 = 41

EMRS PGT Biology Mock Test - 1 - Question 30

Which one will replace the question mark ?

Detailed Solution for EMRS PGT Biology Mock Test - 1 - Question 30

(1)3 = 1, (2)3 = 8, (3)3 = 27

Therefore, (4)3 = 64.

EMRS PGT Biology Mock Test - 1 - Question 31

MS Word is an example of

Detailed Solution for EMRS PGT Biology Mock Test - 1 - Question 31
  • Application software is a term that is used for software created for a specific purpose.
  • It is generally a program or collection of programs used by end-users.
  • It can be called an application or simply an app.
  • MS Word is an example of word processing software.
EMRS PGT Biology Mock Test - 1 - Question 32
How many types of page orientation are available in MS-Word software?
EMRS PGT Biology Mock Test - 1 - Question 33

What is the shortcut key to add content on the clipboard to your document in MS PowerPoint?

Detailed Solution for EMRS PGT Biology Mock Test - 1 - Question 33

Ctrl + V  is the shortcut key to add content on the clipboard to your document in MS-PowerPoint.

  • Microsoft PowerPoint is a part of MS- Office.
  • It was introduced to generate business presentations, slide shows, and graphics on a computer system.
  • Uses of MS- PowerPoint:
  • Creating business application presentation slides.
  • Creating graphical objects with animations.
  • Create artistic slides for general use, using the art gallery.
  • To provide training in the business world.
EMRS PGT Biology Mock Test - 1 - Question 34

MS PowerPoint presentation is a collection of

Detailed Solution for EMRS PGT Biology Mock Test - 1 - Question 34
  • Microsoft PowerPoint is the popular presentation software commonly used for office and educational slide shows. All text images, sound, and video used in the presentation are contained in the PPT file. PPT files can be viewed by PowerPoint, PowerPoint Viewer, or the Open Office software suite.
  • In PowerPoint for the web, you can open these types of files for editing:
    • .pptx
    • .ppsx
    • .odp
  • You can also open these older file types, but only to read the file, not edit it. If you want to edit a file of this type, open it and then use File > Save a Copy to save the file as a .pptx that can be edited:
    • .ppt
    • .pps
  • You can't open the following file formats in PowerPoint for the web, but you can open a .pptx, .ppsx, or .odp file and then use File > Download As to save a presentation in these formats:
    • .pdf
    • .jpg (When you choose this format, each slide in the presentation is saved as an individual .jpg image file.)
EMRS PGT Biology Mock Test - 1 - Question 35

In MS Word, "Ctrl + Home" is used to

Detailed Solution for EMRS PGT Biology Mock Test - 1 - Question 35

Ctrl + Home is a shortcut key used in MS Word to move the cursor to the beginning of the document.

EMRS PGT Biology Mock Test - 1 - Question 36

To use the exact same font type, size, and color in the title of all the slides in a PowerPoint presentation, you will:

Detailed Solution for EMRS PGT Biology Mock Test - 1 - Question 36

Changing the text color on the slide master applies the changes to text on multiple slides at one time.

On the View tab, choose Slide Master.

  • In the left thumbnail pane, select a layout that contains the text you want to change to a different color.
  • Select the text on the layout that you want to change.
  • On the mini toolbar that appears, choose Font Color, and then select the color you want to change the color of the text to.
  • When you’re finished, choose Close Master View to return to your presentation.

Changing the text color on the slide master applies the changes to text on multiple slides at one time.

Click View > Slide Master.

  • On the Slide Master tab, click the Fonts drop-down menu. Select the font you want to use for all the slides in the presentation. You don't have to choose from the pre-defined font pairs on the menu; choose Customize Fonts at the bottom of the menu to select your own fonts.

  • Click Close Master View. The text throughout your presentation is automatically updated to the new font. 

 

EMRS PGT Biology Mock Test - 1 - Question 37

_____ is space between your content and the edge of the page in MS Excel.

Detailed Solution for EMRS PGT Biology Mock Test - 1 - Question 37
  • Margin is the space between your content and the edge of the page.
  • Margins are set to Normal, which is a one-inch space between the content and each edge of the page.
  • You may need to adjust the margins to make your data fit more comfortably on the page.
  • To better align an Excel worksheet on a printed page, you can change margins, specify custom margins, or centre the worksheet—either horizontally or vertically on the page.
  • Page margins are the blank spaces between your data and the edges of the printed page. Top and bottom page margins can be used for things such as headers, footers, and page numbers.
EMRS PGT Biology Mock Test - 1 - Question 38

_______ Reference changes when a formula is copied to another cell in MS Excel.

Detailed Solution for EMRS PGT Biology Mock Test - 1 - Question 38

Relative References

  • With relative cell referencing, when we copy a formula from one area of the worksheet to another, it records the position of the cell relative to the cell that originally contained the formula.
  • This is the default mode of referencing in a spreadsheet.
  • All cell references are relative references by default.
  • It is convenient where a user needs to repeat the same calculation across multiple rows or columns.
  • When copied across multiple cells, they change based on the relative position of rows and columns.
  • For example: if user wants to copy the formula = A1+ B1 become= A2+B2.
EMRS PGT Biology Mock Test - 1 - Question 39

In Windows operating system what happens upon pressing Alt and F4 simultaneously?

Detailed Solution for EMRS PGT Biology Mock Test - 1 - Question 39
  • While running any program in Microsoft Windows, if Alt + F4  is pressed, a command is issued to the computer to close the currently active program.
  • If no programs are open or you are at the desktop, pressing Alt + F4  opens the Shutdown window.
  • Windows operating system has defined some of the keyboard shortcuts to perform some action in almost all the programs running on it and Alt + F4 is one such keystroke.
  • The Alt + F4 is the keyboard shortcut that when pressed will close the currently active Window.
  • It means, if you were playing a game, watching a movie, or working on any document and have accidentally pressed Alt & F4 keys simultaneously, that window would have got closed.
  • It will not be a surprise when somebody questions the meaning of the Alt F4 key or what will happen on pressing these 2 keys simultaneously.
  • In Microsoft windows, when you press the Alt + F4 keys on the desktop screen with no programs running or there is no open or active window, it will open the power or shutdown window. Hence, Option 1 is correct.
EMRS PGT Biology Mock Test - 1 - Question 40

Usually, the file system used by Windows 95 is _______.

Detailed Solution for EMRS PGT Biology Mock Test - 1 - Question 40
  • The file system used by Windows 95 is FAT32. Windows 95 (Symbolic name 'Chicago') is a consumer-oriented operating system developed by Microsoft. It was released on August 24, 1995.
  • Although the initial release doesn't t use FAT32, the later version of windows 95 used FAT32.
EMRS PGT Biology Mock Test - 1 - Question 41

In the present situation, the children must possess an important factor of

Detailed Solution for EMRS PGT Biology Mock Test - 1 - Question 41

Importance of Moral Values in Children
Moral values play a crucial role in shaping the overall development and character of children. In the present situation, where societies are facing numerous challenges, it becomes even more important for children to possess strong moral values. Here are some key reasons why moral values are essential for children:
1. Personal Development:

  • Moral values help children develop a strong sense of self and personal identity.
  • They provide a foundation for making decisions and choices that align with their principles and beliefs.
  • Children with moral values are more likely to have a positive self-image and a clear understanding of right and wrong.

2. Social Interaction:

  • Moral values help children understand and respect the rights and feelings of others.
  • They promote empathy, compassion, and kindness, which are crucial for healthy social interactions.
  • Children with strong moral values are more likely to build meaningful relationships and contribute positively to their communities.

3. Ethical Decision Making:

  • Moral values guide children in making ethical decisions and choosing actions that have a positive impact on themselves and others.
  • They provide a moral compass that helps children navigate complex situations and dilemmas.
  • Children with moral values are more likely to consider the consequences of their actions and make choices that align with their values.

4. Character Building:

  • Moral values contribute to the development of a strong character in children.
  • They foster qualities such as honesty, integrity, responsibility, and perseverance.
  • Children with strong moral values are more likely to demonstrate good behavior, take responsibility for their actions, and become trustworthy individuals.

5. Citizenship and Civic Engagement:

  • Moral values play a vital role in shaping responsible citizens who actively contribute to their communities.
  • They instill a sense of social responsibility and encourage children to participate in activities that promote the welfare of others.
  • Children with moral values are more likely to become engaged citizens, contributing to the betterment of society.
EMRS PGT Biology Mock Test - 1 - Question 42

Print media and electronic media must project

Detailed Solution for EMRS PGT Biology Mock Test - 1 - Question 42

Positive and Negative Sides of Life
Both print media and electronic media play a crucial role in projecting various aspects of life to the audience. While some may argue that they should focus solely on the positive side of life, and others may argue for the negative side, it is important for both forms of media to project both the positive and negative sides of life. This ensures a balanced and realistic portrayal of the world we live in.
Importance of Projecting Positive Side

  1. Inspiring and Motivating: Showcasing the positive side of life through print and electronic media can inspire and motivate individuals. It can provide them with hope, encouragement, and a sense of optimism.
  2. Highlighting Achievements: Positive stories about achievements, success, and breakthroughs in various fields can be shared through media platforms, inspiring others to strive for greatness.
  3. Promoting Well-being: Positive news stories, health tips, and lifestyle features can promote physical and mental well-being among the audience. This encourages a positive outlook on life and fosters a healthy society.

Importance of Projecting Negative Side

  1. Raising Awareness: Projecting the negative side of life through media serves as a platform to raise awareness about social issues, injustices, and problems that need attention. It brings these issues into the spotlight, encouraging discussions and actions for change.
  2. Holding Accountable: Media has the power to hold individuals, organizations, and governments accountable for their actions. By highlighting the negative aspects, media can expose corruption, wrongdoing, and unethical practices, promoting transparency and accountability.
  3. Realistic Portrayal: By portraying both the positive and negative sides of life, media provides a realistic representation of the world we live in. This helps individuals develop a well-rounded understanding of different situations, challenges, and perspectives.
EMRS PGT Biology Mock Test - 1 - Question 43

Peer group is formed by

Detailed Solution for EMRS PGT Biology Mock Test - 1 - Question 43

Peer Group Formation: Society + Controlled Environment
A peer group refers to a group of individuals who are of similar age, social status, and share common interests or activities. Peer groups play a crucial role in an individual's social development and influence their behavior, attitudes, and values. The formation of a peer group is influenced by society and occurs within a controlled environment. Let's break down the reasons why the correct answer is option C: Society + Controlled environment.
Society:

  • Society plays a significant role in the formation of peer groups. It consists of various social institutions such as schools, neighborhoods, clubs, and communities, which bring individuals together.
  • Individuals within a society tend to form peer groups based on shared characteristics such as age, interests, hobbies, or cultural backgrounds.
  • These shared characteristics create a sense of belonging and commonality among individuals, leading to the formation of peer groups.

Controlled Environment:

  • The formation of a peer group occurs within a controlled environment, primarily influenced by social institutions like schools.
  • Schools provide a structured and controlled setting where individuals interact with their peers on a regular basis.
  • The controlled environment of schools allows individuals to establish connections, form friendships, and engage in social activities with their peers.
  • Additionally, schools often have rules and regulations that govern social interactions, ensuring a certain level of control and structure within peer groups.

Importance of Peer Groups:

  • Peer groups contribute significantly to an individual's socialization process and overall development.
  • They provide opportunities for socialization, where individuals learn and practice social skills, norms, and behaviors.
  • Peer groups also serve as a support system, offering emotional support, advice, and guidance during various life stages and challenges.
  • They influence an individual's attitudes, beliefs, and values, shaping their identity and helping them define themselves within society.
  • Peer groups also play a role in the formation of interests, hobbies, and shared activities, fostering a sense of belonging and camaraderie.
EMRS PGT Biology Mock Test - 1 - Question 44

In which one of the following states do children become members of their peer group?

Detailed Solution for EMRS PGT Biology Mock Test - 1 - Question 44

Childhood: The State Where Children Become Members of Their Peer Group
Children go through various stages of development, and one significant stage where they become members of their peer group is during childhood. Let's delve into this in detail:

  • Childhood:
    Childhood is the period of life between infancy and adolescence. It typically encompasses the age range from around 2 to 12 years, although the specific age boundaries may vary according to cultural and individual differences. It is during this stage that children undergo significant cognitive, physical, and social development.
  • Peer Group:
    A peer group refers to a social group consisting of individuals of similar age or developmental stage who share common interests, experiences, and activities. Peer groups play a crucial role in a child's socialization process and contribute to their overall development.
  • Formation of Peer Groups:
    During childhood, children start to develop social skills and actively seek out peer interactions. They begin to form friendships and engage in cooperative play with their peers. As their cognitive abilities develop, children become more aware of their own identity and the concept of belonging to a group. They start to understand the social norms, values, and expectations within their peer group.
  • Peer Group Influence:
    Being a member of a peer group has a significant impact on a child's social, emotional, and cognitive development. Peer groups provide opportunities for social learning, where children observe, imitate, and learn from their peers' behavior. They also offer a sense of belonging, support, and acceptance, contributing to the development of self-esteem and social skills.
  • Importance of Peer Groups:
    Peer groups help children develop a sense of identity, learn social skills, and navigate the challenges of their age group. They provide a platform for children to engage in shared activities, develop empathy, and practice cooperation and conflict resolution. Peer interactions also play a role in shaping values, attitudes, and behaviors.
EMRS PGT Biology Mock Test - 1 - Question 45

“If the people of the society has high achievement motivation, the economic growth increasesand the society gets modernized”. It is given in the book

Detailed Solution for EMRS PGT Biology Mock Test - 1 - Question 45

A: The Achieving Society
Achievement motivation refers to the drive or desire that individuals have to excel, accomplish goals, and succeed in their endeavors. It is a psychological factor that influences individuals' behavior and choices. The given statement suggests a relationship between high achievement motivation in a society and its economic growth and modernization.

  1. Relationship between Achievement Motivation and Economic Growth:
    High achievement motivation within a society can lead to increased economic growth. This is because individuals with high achievement motivation tend to be more driven, innovative, and determined. They are more likely to take risks, pursue entrepreneurial opportunities, and work hard towards achieving their goals. These actions can contribute to the overall productivity and competitiveness of the society, leading to economic growth.
  2. Innovation and Entrepreneurship:
    Individuals with high achievement motivation are often more willing to take risks and think outside the box. This mindset fosters innovation and entrepreneurship within a society. Innovation is crucial for economic growth as it leads to the development of new products, services, technologies, and industries. Entrepreneurship, on the other hand, creates job opportunities, stimulates investment, and drives economic activity.
  3. Productivity and Competitiveness:
    High achievement motivation can also enhance productivity and competitiveness within a society. Individuals with a strong drive to achieve are more likely to work diligently, set high standards, and strive for excellence. This can result in increased productivity levels across various sectors, leading to overall economic growth. Additionally, a society with individuals who have high achievement motivation is more likely to be competitive in the global marketplace, as they constantly seek ways to improve and excel.
  4. Education and Skill Development:
    A society that values achievement motivation is likely to prioritize education and skill development. Education plays a crucial role in equipping individuals with the knowledge, skills, and abilities needed to contribute effectively to the economy. By investing in education and skill development programs, a society can enhance its human capital, which in turn drives economic growth and modernization.
  5. Modernization and Societal Development:
    When a society experiences economic growth driven by high achievement motivation, it tends to undergo modernization. Modernization refers to the process of adopting new ideas, technologies, and practices that improve living standards, infrastructure, and overall societal well-being. Economic growth resulting from high achievement motivation can lead to advancements in various sectors such as technology, healthcare, infrastructure, and communication. These advancements contribute to the overall modernization of the society.
EMRS PGT Biology Mock Test - 1 - Question 46

Learners display individual differences. So, a teacher should

Detailed Solution for EMRS PGT Biology Mock Test - 1 - Question 46

Provide a variety of learning experiences
When it comes to learners, it's important to acknowledge that they display individual differences. Each student has their own strengths, weaknesses, learning styles, and preferences. As a result, it is not effective for a teacher to insist on a uniform pace of learning for all students. Instead, a teacher should aim to provide a variety of learning experiences to cater to the diverse needs of their students.
Benefits of providing a variety of learning experiences:

  • Catering to different learning styles: Students have different learning styles, such as visual, auditory, or kinesthetic. By providing a variety of learning experiences, teachers can ensure that they engage students with different learning preferences. Some students may benefit from visual aids, while others may prefer hands-on activities. By incorporating different approaches, teachers can help students absorb information more effectively.
  • Promoting active learning: Providing a variety of learning experiences encourages active learning. It allows students to participate actively in the learning process rather than being passive recipients of information. For example, incorporating group discussions, debates, or hands-on experiments can foster critical thinking, problem-solving skills, and collaboration among students.
  • Addressing different strengths and weaknesses: Students have varied strengths and weaknesses in different subjects or areas. By offering a range of learning experiences, teachers can focus on addressing individual weaknesses and building upon students' strengths. For instance, providing extra practice exercises, individualized assignments, or project-based learning activities can help students overcome their weaknesses and excel in areas where they have inherent strengths.
  • Enhancing motivation and engagement: A variety of learning experiences can create a more engaging and motivating learning environment. When students are exposed to different activities, they are more likely to stay interested and motivated in their studies. This can result in increased participation, improved attention, and better overall academic performance.
  • Encouraging personal growth: By providing diverse learning experiences, teachers can help students develop a broader range of skills and abilities. Students can explore new subjects, discover their interests, and develop a growth mindset. This can contribute to their personal growth, self-confidence, and lifelong learning.
     
EMRS PGT Biology Mock Test - 1 - Question 47

Which of the following is an objective type of question?

Detailed Solution for EMRS PGT Biology Mock Test - 1 - Question 47

Objective questions are those that have a clear and specific answer and do not require any subjective interpretation or personal opinion. True or false questions are an example of objective questions because they can be answered with either "true" or "false" without any ambiguity or need for explanation. They are often used in quizzes or tests to assess knowledge or understanding on a particular topic.

EMRS PGT Biology Mock Test - 1 - Question 48

To encourage achievement motivation in the classroom, students should be taught to attribute their good grades through

Detailed Solution for EMRS PGT Biology Mock Test - 1 - Question 48

Encouraging Achievement Motivation in the Classroom
To promote achievement motivation in the classroom, it is important to teach students to attribute their good grades to their own hard work rather than external factors. By emphasizing the role of effort and personal dedication, students are more likely to develop a growth mindset and strive for continuous improvement.
Attributing Good Grades to Hard Work
The Role of Effort: Students should be taught that their good grades are a result of their own hard work and perseverance. This instills a sense of responsibility and motivation to put in the necessary effort to succeed academically.

  • Emphasize the importance of consistent effort and time management in achieving academic goals.
  • Teach students effective study techniques and strategies to enhance their learning outcomes.
  • Encourage them to set specific, achievable goals and monitor their progress regularly.

Building a Growth Mindset: By attributing their good grades to hard work, students develop a growth mindset. This mindset fosters the belief that intelligence and abilities are not fixed traits, but can be developed and improved through effort and learning.

  • Teach students about the concept of a growth mindset and its benefits.
  • Highlight examples of individuals who have achieved success through hard work and resilience.
  • Encourage students to embrace challenges, learn from mistakes, and persist in the face of setbacks.

Celebrating Effort and Progress: It is essential to recognize and celebrate students' efforts and progress, rather than solely focusing on the end result. This helps foster a positive learning environment and encourages students to continue striving for improvement.

  • Provide regular feedback that acknowledges their hard work and improvement.
  • Create opportunities for students to share their learning journeys and reflect on their progress.
  • Use non-competitive activities that emphasize personal growth and development.
EMRS PGT Biology Mock Test - 1 - Question 49

You are a teacher and after preparing question paper you check, whether the questions test specific testing objectives. He is concerned primarily about the question paper’s

Detailed Solution for EMRS PGT Biology Mock Test - 1 - Question 49

Content Coverage
Content coverage refers to the extent to which the question paper encompasses the relevant subject matter or topics that were taught during the course. It ensures that the questions adequately assess the students' understanding and knowledge of the specific testing objectives.
Importance of Content Coverage
Content coverage is crucial because it ensures that the question paper tests the specific testing objectives effectively. By including a wide range of questions that cover different aspects of the subject matter, teachers can gauge the students' overall comprehension and application of the concepts taught in class. It helps in evaluating the students' strengths and weaknesses in relation to the learning objectives.
Ensuring Content Coverage
To ensure content coverage in a question paper, teachers should consider the following:

  1. Reviewing the Learning Objectives: Carefully review the specific testing objectives or learning outcomes that were outlined for the course. This will help in identifying the key concepts and topics that need to be covered in the question paper.
  2. Mapping Questions to Objectives: Create a mapping between the questions and the specific testing objectives. Each question should align with one or more objectives to ensure comprehensive coverage. This ensures that the question paper adequately represents the content that was taught.
  3. Balancing Difficulty Levels: Ensure that the question paper includes questions of varying difficulty levels, ranging from easy to challenging. This allows for a comprehensive assessment of the students' understanding and mastery of the subject matter.
  4. Including Different Question Types: Incorporate different question types such as multiple-choice, short answer, and problem-solving questions. This helps in assessing different cognitive skills and ensures that the content coverage is not limited to a particular type of question.
  5. Avoiding Bias: Ensure that the question paper is free from bias or favoritism towards certain topics or concepts. The questions should be evenly distributed across the different content areas to provide a fair and unbiased assessment.
EMRS PGT Biology Mock Test - 1 - Question 50

Family is a means of

Detailed Solution for EMRS PGT Biology Mock Test - 1 - Question 50

Family as a Means of Informal Education
Family plays a significant role in providing informal education to individuals. Informal education refers to the learning that occurs outside of formal educational settings, such as schools or colleges. It is a lifelong process that happens through daily activities, experiences, and interactions with family members.
Socialization:

  • Family is the first social unit that a child encounters and is exposed to various social norms, values, and behaviors.
  • Through socialization within the family, children learn how to interact with others, develop communication skills, and understand societal expectations.

Language and Communication:

  • Members of a family often communicate in their native language, which enables children to acquire language skills.
  • Children learn vocabulary, grammar, and communication strategies by observing and engaging in conversations with family members.

Cultural Transmission:

  • Families are the primary agents of cultural transmission, passing down traditions, customs, beliefs, and values from one generation to another.
  • Children learn about their cultural heritage, history, and identity through storytelling, celebrations, and participation in family rituals.

Moral Values and Ethics:

  • Families instill moral values and ethical principles in children, teaching them right from wrong and guiding their behavior.
  • By observing how family members interact, children learn about empathy, honesty, respect, responsibility, and other important values.

Life Skills:

  • Families teach practical life skills to children, such as cooking, cleaning, personal hygiene, and financial management.
  • Through everyday activities and responsibilities, children gain essential skills that prepare them for adulthood and independent living.

Emotional Development:

  • Family provides emotional support, care, and love to its members, fostering emotional development.
  • Children learn to express and regulate their emotions, develop empathy, and build healthy relationships within the family context.

Problem-Solving and Decision-Making:

  • Families provide opportunities for children to engage in problem-solving and decision-making processes.
  • By involving children in family discussions, decision-making, and sharing responsibilities, they learn critical thinking skills and develop autonomy.
EMRS PGT Biology Mock Test - 1 - Question 51

The splitting of a 6-carbon glucose molecule into molecules with 2-3 carbons called pyruvic acid takes place during

Detailed Solution for EMRS PGT Biology Mock Test - 1 - Question 51

Glycolysis (Embden–Meyerhof–Parnas (EMP pathway)) is the metabolic pathway that converts glucose C6H12O6 into pyruvate, CH3COCOO + H+.

EMRS PGT Biology Mock Test - 1 - Question 52

Which among the following statements is TRUE regarding human blood?

Detailed Solution for EMRS PGT Biology Mock Test - 1 - Question 52

The International Society of Blood Transfusion (ISBT) identifies about 30 major blood group systems, including the ABO and Rh systems.

EMRS PGT Biology Mock Test - 1 - Question 53

Which of the following is the correct match of environment-related disorder and its cause?

Detailed Solution for EMRS PGT Biology Mock Test - 1 - Question 53

The Maximum Contaminant Level (MCL) of nitrate as nitrogen (NO3N) is 10 mg/L (or 10 parts per million) for the safety of drinking water. Nitrate levels at or above this level have been known to cause a potentially fatal blood disorder in infants under six months of age called methemoglobinemia or 'blue baby syndrome'; in which there is a reduction in the oxygen-carrying capacity of blood.

EMRS PGT Biology Mock Test - 1 - Question 54

Spindle fibres attach on to

Detailed Solution for EMRS PGT Biology Mock Test - 1 - Question 54

The spindle is necessary to equally divide the chromosomes in a parental cell into two daughter cells during both types of nuclear division i.e., mitosis and meiosis.

  • At the beginning of nuclear division, two wheel-shaped protein structures called centrioles position themselves at opposite ends of the cell forming cell poles.
  • Long protein fibres called microtubules extend from the centrioles in all possible directions, forming what is called a spindle. 
  • Some of the microtubules attach the poles to the chromosomes by connecting to protein complexes called kinetochores.
  • Kinetochores are protein formations that develop on each chromosome around the centromere, which is a region located near the middle of a chromosome.
  • During the cell division phase called metaphase, the microtubules pull the chromosomes back and forth until they align in a plane along the equator of the cell, which is called the equatorial plane.
  • During anaphase, the chromosomes are simultaneously separated and pulled by the spindle to opposite poles of the cell.
EMRS PGT Biology Mock Test - 1 - Question 55

Useful genes are incorporated into a variety through genetic engineering method of crop improvement by means of

Detailed Solution for EMRS PGT Biology Mock Test - 1 - Question 55

Useful genes are incorporated into a variety through genetic engineering method of crop improvement by means of plasmids, co-cultivation and microinjection.

A plasmid is a small DNA molecule within a cell that is physically separated from a chromosomal DNA and can replicate independently. Artificial plasmids are widely used as vectors in molecular cloning, serving to drive the replication of recombinant DNA sequences within host organisms.

Microinjection is the use of a glass micropipette to inject a liquid substance at a microscopic or borderline macroscopic level. 

Co-cultivation refers to the simultaneous cultivation of two or more species of microorganism, or types of tissue, in the same medium, thereby incorporating useful genes in the desired crop.

EMRS PGT Biology Mock Test - 1 - Question 56

Which of the following types of adventitious root modifications is found in Ipomoea batatas (sweet potato)?

Detailed Solution for EMRS PGT Biology Mock Test - 1 - Question 56

Tuberous root is a thick and fleshy root like a tuber but without buds. Examples of plants with notable tuberous roots include the sweet potato, cassava, and dahlia.

EMRS PGT Biology Mock Test - 1 - Question 57

Polio is caused by

Detailed Solution for EMRS PGT Biology Mock Test - 1 - Question 57

This is the correct option. Poliomyelitis, often called polio or infantile paralysis, is an infectious disease caused by the enterovirus.

EMRS PGT Biology Mock Test - 1 - Question 58

Which of the following organisms is ammonotelic?

Detailed Solution for EMRS PGT Biology Mock Test - 1 - Question 58

An ammonotelic organism excretes nitrogenous waste as soluble ammonia. Most of the aquatic animals including protozoans, crustaceans, platyhelminths, cnidarians, poriferans, echinoderms, fishes, larvae / tadpoles of amphibians are ammonotelic. 

Among the given options, Bony fish is ammonotelic.

EMRS PGT Biology Mock Test - 1 - Question 59

Which of the following plants is used in test tube funnel experiment?

Detailed Solution for EMRS PGT Biology Mock Test - 1 - Question 59

Hydrilla is used in test tube funnel experiment. The test tube funnel experiment demonstrates that oxygen is evolved during photosynthesis. A few branches of Hydrilla are kept in a beaker containing pond water in which a small amount of sodium bicarbonate is dissolved.

EMRS PGT Biology Mock Test - 1 - Question 60

Which of the following phase is the most dramatic period of the cell cycle?

Detailed Solution for EMRS PGT Biology Mock Test - 1 - Question 60

Mitotic phase or M phase is the phase where actual cell division occurs.

  • It is the most dramatic period of the cell cycle.

In this phase cell duplicates its components and distribution of the already duplicated components occur in an orderly manner. It has two processes-

  • Karyokinesis- where division of nucleus occurs.
  • Cytokinesis- where division of cytoplasm occurs.

G1 phase- In this phase cell grows continuously and synthesizes nucleotides, ATP, proteins, amino acids, RNA etc.
G2 phase- in this phase mitochondria, chloroplast and Golgi bodies duplicates and tubulin protein synthesis take place.
S phase- In this phase synthesis or duplication of DNA takes place.

EMRS PGT Biology Mock Test - 1 - Question 61

Which of the following is not a ketone body?

Detailed Solution for EMRS PGT Biology Mock Test - 1 - Question 61

In humans and most other mammals, acetyl-CoA formed in the liver during oxidation of fatty acids can enter the citric acid cycle or can be converted to the ketone bodies (for example, acetone, acetoacetate and D- hydroxybutyrate) for export to other tissues.

EMRS PGT Biology Mock Test - 1 - Question 62

The intermediate host of Trypanosoma is

Detailed Solution for EMRS PGT Biology Mock Test - 1 - Question 62

The intermediate host and vector of African trypanosomes are species of the tsetse fly (Glossina spp). Tsetse flies become infected when taking a blood meal containing trypomastigotes from an infected human.

EMRS PGT Biology Mock Test - 1 - Question 63