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Test: EMRS PGT Geography Mock Test - 3 - EMRS MCQ


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150 Questions MCQ Test EMRS PGT Mock Test Series 2024 - Test: EMRS PGT Geography Mock Test - 3

Test: EMRS PGT Geography Mock Test - 3 for EMRS 2024 is part of EMRS PGT Mock Test Series 2024 preparation. The Test: EMRS PGT Geography Mock Test - 3 questions and answers have been prepared according to the EMRS exam syllabus.The Test: EMRS PGT Geography Mock Test - 3 MCQs are made for EMRS 2024 Exam. Find important definitions, questions, notes, meanings, examples, exercises, MCQs and online tests for Test: EMRS PGT Geography Mock Test - 3 below.
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Test: EMRS PGT Geography Mock Test - 3 - Question 1

The focal length of a plane mirror is ________.

Detailed Solution for Test: EMRS PGT Geography Mock Test - 3 - Question 1

The focal length of a plane mirror is infinity. A plane mirror can be considered as a spherical mirror of infinite radius of curvature. Focal length is half of the radius of curvature and hence it is infinity.

Test: EMRS PGT Geography Mock Test - 3 - Question 2

Van der Waal’s equation is related to which of the behaviour of which of the following?

Detailed Solution for Test: EMRS PGT Geography Mock Test - 3 - Question 2

This equation explains the behaviour of real gases with great accuracy and also the deviations of gas laws from ideal behaviour. The equation was proposed in the year 1873. It was a first step towards taking into account interaction forces which are acting between real gases molecules.

Test: EMRS PGT Geography Mock Test - 3 - Question 3

_________ is an example of intrusive igneous rock.

Detailed Solution for Test: EMRS PGT Geography Mock Test - 3 - Question 3

Granite is a common type of felsic intrusive igneous rock that is granular and phaneritic in texture. Granites can be predominantly white, pink, or grey in colour, depending on their mineralogy.

Test: EMRS PGT Geography Mock Test - 3 - Question 4

Which constituency Uma Bharti belong to?

Detailed Solution for Test: EMRS PGT Geography Mock Test - 3 - Question 4

Uma Bharti is a politician functioning with the Indian party BJP. She is currently appointed as the Cabinet Minister for Drinking Water & Sanitation in the Union Government of India.

Test: EMRS PGT Geography Mock Test - 3 - Question 5

Saturated carbon compounds can form which types of chain structures?

I. Straight chain

II. Branched-chain

Detailed Solution for Test: EMRS PGT Geography Mock Test - 3 - Question 5

Saturated carbon compounds can form Straight and Branched types of chain structures.

  • Saturated hydrocarbons are hydrocarbons that contain only single bonds between carbon atoms.
  • Each carbon atom is bonded to as many hydrogen atoms as possible.
Test: EMRS PGT Geography Mock Test - 3 - Question 6

Which city will host the Asian Games 2018?

Detailed Solution for Test: EMRS PGT Geography Mock Test - 3 - Question 6

The 18th Asian Games will take place simultaneously in Jakarta, capital of Indonesia and Palembang, capital of the province of South Sumatra. Vietnam’s capital Hanoi had been due to host the Games but pulled out due to economic concerns. The Asian Games, also known as Asiad, is a continental multi-sport event held every four years among athletes from all over Asia. The 2014 Asian Games were held in Incheon, South Korea.

Test: EMRS PGT Geography Mock Test - 3 - Question 7

Which of the cells of connective tissue secrete antibiotics?

Detailed Solution for Test: EMRS PGT Geography Mock Test - 3 - Question 7
  • The Plasma cells of connective tissue secrete antibiotics.
  • The Mast cells secrete heparin, histamine, and serotonin.
  • Leucocytes cells involve protecting the body against infectious disease. They are produced in the lymph nodes and spleen,
  • The Adipocytes cells secrete leptin, adiponectin, and resistin.
Test: EMRS PGT Geography Mock Test - 3 - Question 8

Which is the first ever comic book launched by WWF-India ?

Detailed Solution for Test: EMRS PGT Geography Mock Test - 3 - Question 8

To foster love for nature & raise awareness about its protection among children, WWF-India has launched its first-ever comic book.'The Great Indian Nature Trail with Uncle Bikky' follows the travels of its protagonists Uncle Bikky, Chunmun and their dog Duggu as they learn about wildlife across India.Book was launched by Bikram Grewal, author and Ravi Singh, Secretary and CEO, WWF-India.

Test: EMRS PGT Geography Mock Test - 3 - Question 9

For a time difference of two hours, the longitudinal distance will be equal to ________.

Detailed Solution for Test: EMRS PGT Geography Mock Test - 3 - Question 9

Every one degree shift of longitude corresponds to 4 minute time difference.

So a time difference of 1 hour (60 minute) will have:

1 degree = 4 minutes

So, 60/4 = 15 and 15 × 1° = 15°

Now for 2 hours (120 min)

1 degree = 4 minutes

120/4 = 30 and 30 × 1° = 30°

So a time lag of 2 hours corresponds to 30 degrees of longitudinal change.

This follows from a simple fact that 360∘ ⇒ 24 hour.

Which is same as 360° ⇒ 1440 min. So 1° ⇒ 1440360 = 4 minutes.

Test: EMRS PGT Geography Mock Test - 3 - Question 10

Which of the following properties are exhibited by the covalent compounds?

I. Have high boiling and melting point as compared to ionically bonded molecules

II. Are poor conductors of electricity.

III. Have weak inter-molecular force.

Detailed Solution for Test: EMRS PGT Geography Mock Test - 3 - Question 10

Only II and III

Generally, covalently bonded molecules are poor conductors of electricity and have weak intermolecular force.

Test: EMRS PGT Geography Mock Test - 3 - Question 11

In the following question assuming the given statements to be true, find which of the conclusion among given conclusions is/are definitely true and give your answers accordingly.

Statements:

B > C; C < D; D > E; E > F

Conclusions:

I. C < F

II. B > D

Detailed Solution for Test: EMRS PGT Geography Mock Test - 3 - Question 11

Given statements: B > C; C E; E > F

On combining: B > C < D > E < F

Conclusions:

I. C < F → False (as C < D > E < F → clear relationship between F and D cannot be determined)

II. B > D → False (as B > C < D → clear relation between B and D cannot be determined)

Hence, none of the conclusions is true.

Test: EMRS PGT Geography Mock Test - 3 - Question 12

In the following question assuming the given statements to be True, find which of the conclusion among given conclusions is/are definitely true and then give your answers accordingly.

Statement: 
P > S ≥ M = L < J = N

Conclusions:

I. L < N

II. P > M

III. S = L 

Detailed Solution for Test: EMRS PGT Geography Mock Test - 3 - Question 12

Given statement: P > S ≥ M = L < J = N

I. L < N → True (as L < J = N)

II. P > M → True (as P > S ≥ M)

III. S = L → False (as S ≥ M = L gives either S = L or S > L)

Hence, both conclusions I and II are true.

Test: EMRS PGT Geography Mock Test - 3 - Question 13

Statements:
All the actors are girls.
All the girls are beautiful.

Conclusions:
1. All the actors are beautiful.
2. Some girls are actors.

Detailed Solution for Test: EMRS PGT Geography Mock Test - 3 - Question 13

Test: EMRS PGT Geography Mock Test - 3 - Question 14

Statements:
All the harmoniums are instruments.
All the instruments are flutes.

Conclusions:
(1) All the flutes are instruments.
(2) All the harmoniums are flutes.

Detailed Solution for Test: EMRS PGT Geography Mock Test - 3 - Question 14

Since all the harmoniums are instruments and all instruments are flutes, then flutes include instruments and harmoniums. And instruments include harmoniums.
(i) All flutes cannot be instruments, because instruments are flutes, but flutes can contain something else as well.
(ii) All the harmoniums are flutes because harmoniums are instruments and instruments are flutes.

Test: EMRS PGT Geography Mock Test - 3 - Question 15

Kamali walks a distance of 3m towards North then turns to her left and walk for 2m.She turns left and walks for 3m.At this point she turns to his left and walk for 3m.How many metres is she from the starting point ?

Detailed Solution for Test: EMRS PGT Geography Mock Test - 3 - Question 15

Test: EMRS PGT Geography Mock Test - 3 - Question 16

One day afternoon Arun and Mani were sitting in a garden and facing each other.Mani’s shadow fall exactly towards Arun’s right, Which direction was Mani facing ?

Detailed Solution for Test: EMRS PGT Geography Mock Test - 3 - Question 16

Test: EMRS PGT Geography Mock Test - 3 - Question 17

P is 15m to the west of Q. R is 13m to the south of Q and 5m to the east of S. T is 20m to the north of S.T is 10m to the east of U…….

Q.

In which direction R with respect to P

Test: EMRS PGT Geography Mock Test - 3 - Question 18

If southeast become North, North-east become West and so on.What will be the West ?

Detailed Solution for Test: EMRS PGT Geography Mock Test - 3 - Question 18

Option ( a) is the right answer.

"South -east "

If south-east becomes North and north east becomes west, therefore,the whole figure moves 135 degree. Hence, West will bw south east. see, actual figure is rotating 135 degree anticlockwise. So, whenwest will be retated by same degree anticlockwise. It will hold the place of south east.

Test: EMRS PGT Geography Mock Test - 3 - Question 19

N is more intelligent than M. M is not as intelligent as Y. X is more intelligent than Y but not as good as N. Who is the most intelligent of all ?

Detailed Solution for Test: EMRS PGT Geography Mock Test - 3 - Question 19

According to the question,
N > M
Y > M
N > X > Y
On arranging the above data, we get
&becaul; N > X > Y > M
So, N is the most intelligent among them.

So Option A is correct

Test: EMRS PGT Geography Mock Test - 3 - Question 20

Q. In a queue, Rahul is fourteenth from the front and John is seventeenth from the end, while Alisha is in between Rahul and John. There are 48 persons in the queue, how many persons are there between Rahul and Alisha?

Detailed Solution for Test: EMRS PGT Geography Mock Test - 3 - Question 20

Rahul’s position 14th from front
John’s Position 17th from last 
Alisha is between them


People between them 48 – (14+17) = 17
Where the midmost is Alisha 
So she has 8 people on either of her side.

So Option A is correct

Test: EMRS PGT Geography Mock Test - 3 - Question 21

A , B , C , D and E each has different heights. D is only shorter than B. E is shorter than A and C. Who is the shortest of them ?

Detailed Solution for Test: EMRS PGT Geography Mock Test - 3 - Question 21

According to the question,
B > D
A and C > E
∴ B > D > A and C > E
Clearly, shortest = E

So Option A is correct

Test: EMRS PGT Geography Mock Test - 3 - Question 22

There are five persons sitting on a bench. The one, who is at extreme left, is heaviest. D is second from right and is the lightest. A is sitting to left of B, who is heavier than him. C is heavier than B but is not the heaviest.

Q. Who is 4th from right?

Detailed Solution for Test: EMRS PGT Geography Mock Test - 3 - Question 22

Correct Answer :- C

Explanation : As A is sitting to the left of B and it is also said who is heavier than him , means A is heavier than B.

Then it says C is heavier than B but not heaviest, so C will come after A.

And lastly it says that D is second from right that means Q will occupy the 1st position from right

The sequence will be :

A C B D Q

So Option C is correct

Test: EMRS PGT Geography Mock Test - 3 - Question 23

Which one will replace the question mark ?

Detailed Solution for Test: EMRS PGT Geography Mock Test - 3 - Question 23

(7 x 3) + 8 = 29

(4 x 3) + 7 = 19

(5 x ?) + 6 = 31

? = 5.

Test: EMRS PGT Geography Mock Test - 3 - Question 24

Which one will replace the question mark ?

Detailed Solution for Test: EMRS PGT Geography Mock Test - 3 - Question 24

(12)2 - (8)2 = 80

and (16)2 - (7)2 = 207

Therefore (25)2 - (21)2 = 184.

Test: EMRS PGT Geography Mock Test - 3 - Question 25

Which one will replace the question mark ?

Detailed Solution for Test: EMRS PGT Geography Mock Test - 3 - Question 25

Test: EMRS PGT Geography Mock Test - 3 - Question 26

'Walk' is related to 'Run' in the same way as 'Breeze' is related to:

Detailed Solution for Test: EMRS PGT Geography Mock Test - 3 - Question 26

As fast mode of 'Walk' is 'Run' in the same way fast mode of 'Breeze' is 'Wind'.

Test: EMRS PGT Geography Mock Test - 3 - Question 27

'Table' is related to 'Wood' in the same way as 'Shirt' is related to:

Detailed Solution for Test: EMRS PGT Geography Mock Test - 3 - Question 27

As 'Table' is made from 'Wood' in the same way 'Shirt' is made from 'Cloth'.

Test: EMRS PGT Geography Mock Test - 3 - Question 28

'Smoke' is related to 'Pollution' in the same way as 'War' is related to:

Detailed Solution for Test: EMRS PGT Geography Mock Test - 3 - Question 28

As 'smoke' leads to 'pollution' in the same way ''War'' leads to 'destruction'.

Test: EMRS PGT Geography Mock Test - 3 - Question 29

What was the day on 26th January, 1950, when the first Republic Day of India was celebrated?  

Detailed Solution for Test: EMRS PGT Geography Mock Test - 3 - Question 29

As there is 1 odd day in 1900 years
In 49 years from 1900 to 1949, there are 49 ÷ 4 = 12 leap years and 37 ordinary years. There are (12 × 2 = 24) + 37 = 61 odd days or 5 odd days
From 1st January, 1950 till 26th January, 1950, there are 5 odd days
So, in total there are 0 + 1 + 5 + 5 = 11 odd days or 4 odd days
Hence, From 1st January, 1600 till 26th January, 1950, there are 4 odd days
So 26th January 1950 is Thursday.

Test: EMRS PGT Geography Mock Test - 3 - Question 30

If REUNION LIMITED is written as QAOMEIM KELESAC, how will SCHOOL be written?

Detailed Solution for Test: EMRS PGT Geography Mock Test - 3 - Question 30

C is the correct option.In the given coded word each constant is substituted by preceding constant and each vowel is also substituted by preceding vowel. Hence, SCHOOL will be codes as RBGIIK.

Test: EMRS PGT Geography Mock Test - 3 - Question 31

Which of the following is part of the system unit?

Test: EMRS PGT Geography Mock Test - 3 - Question 32

Specialized programs that allow particular input or output devices to communicate with the rest of the computer system are called ____.

Test: EMRS PGT Geography Mock Test - 3 - Question 33

The primary purpose of software is to turn data into:

Detailed Solution for Test: EMRS PGT Geography Mock Test - 3 - Question 33

The primary purpose of software is to turn data into Information. ... Information is usually the processed outcome of data. When data is processed into information, it becomes interpretable and gains significance.

Test: EMRS PGT Geography Mock Test - 3 - Question 34

The _____________ enables you to simultaneously keep multiple web pages open in one browser window.

Test: EMRS PGT Geography Mock Test - 3 - Question 35

Information is?

Test: EMRS PGT Geography Mock Test - 3 - Question 36

Total memory of system can be known using?

Test: EMRS PGT Geography Mock Test - 3 - Question 37

The first graphical web browser are?

Test: EMRS PGT Geography Mock Test - 3 - Question 38

Which of the following is correct?

Test: EMRS PGT Geography Mock Test - 3 - Question 39

What what is the default font in MS Word?

Test: EMRS PGT Geography Mock Test - 3 - Question 40

. ………………is the process of carrying out commands.

Test: EMRS PGT Geography Mock Test - 3 - Question 41

Demerits of observation method are :

Detailed Solution for Test: EMRS PGT Geography Mock Test - 3 - Question 41

Observation method, although useful in gathering accurate and firsthand data, has several limitations. One significant disadvantage is that it can be time-consuming. Here are some reasons why observation method can be time-consuming:

  1. Extensive planning and preparation: Before conducting observations, researchers need to carefully plan and prepare for the study. This involves determining the research objectives, selecting the appropriate observation techniques, and designing a suitable observation schedule. This planning stage can be time-consuming as it requires careful consideration of various factors.
  2. Waiting for relevant events or behaviors to occur: When using the observation method, researchers often need to wait for specific events or behaviors to occur. For example, if the study aims to observe the behavior of animals in their natural habitat, researchers may need to spend a significant amount of time waiting for the animals to engage in the desired behavior. This waiting period can be time-consuming and may require patience.
  3. Recording and documenting observations: During the observation process, researchers need to carefully record and document their observations. This includes noting down details such as the time, location, and specific behaviors or events observed. The process of accurately recording and documenting observations can be time-consuming, especially in cases where a large amount of data needs to be recorded.
  4. Analysis and interpretation of data: After completing the observation process, researchers need to analyze and interpret the collected data. This involves organizing and categorizing the observations, identifying patterns and trends, and drawing conclusions from the data. The analysis and interpretation of observational data can be a time-consuming task, especially when dealing with a large amount of data or complex observations.
Test: EMRS PGT Geography Mock Test - 3 - Question 42

The following is not a part of the clinical method :

Detailed Solution for Test: EMRS PGT Geography Mock Test - 3 - Question 42

The clinical method is a systematic approach used in psychology and child development to gather information about an individual's behavior and development. It involves several steps, including the preparation of case history, the study of the environment, and direct observation of the child. However, self-analysis by the child is not a part of the clinical method. Here is a detailed explanation of each of the options:
A. Preparation of case history: This step involves gathering information about the child's background, including their family history, medical history, and any previous assessments or interventions. It helps in understanding the child's context and identifying any potential factors that may influence their development.
B. Study of environment: This step focuses on examining the child's immediate environment, such as their home, school, and social interactions. It helps in understanding how the child's environment may impact their behavior and development.
C. Direct observation of the child: This step involves observing the child's behavior in various settings, such as at home, school, or during play. It helps in gathering firsthand information about the child's behavior, strengths, weaknesses, and developmental milestones.
D. Self-analysis by the child: This option is not a part of the clinical method. Self-analysis typically involves individuals reflecting on their own thoughts, feelings, and behaviors. While self-reflection can be a valuable tool for self-awareness and personal growth, it is not a systematic method used in clinical assessments.

Test: EMRS PGT Geography Mock Test - 3 - Question 43

Confidential recording, scientific synthesis, and occupational therapy are the characteristics of :

Detailed Solution for Test: EMRS PGT Geography Mock Test - 3 - Question 43

Clinical Method
The clinical method is characterized by various elements, including confidential recording, scientific synthesis, and occupational therapy. Let's discuss each of these characteristics in detail:

  1. Confidential Recording: In the clinical method, professionals maintain a confidential record of the patient's information, observations, assessments, and treatment plans. This record helps in tracking the progress of the patient over time and ensures privacy and confidentiality.
  2. Scientific Synthesis: The clinical method emphasizes the use of scientific principles and evidence-based practices to guide assessment, diagnosis, and treatment. It involves synthesizing information from various sources, such as patient interviews, medical history, assessments, and research literature, to arrive at an accurate understanding of the patient's condition and provide effective interventions.
  3. Occupational Therapy: Occupational therapy is a key component of the clinical method. It focuses on assisting individuals in achieving their maximum level of independence and functioning in their daily activities. Occupational therapists use various therapeutic techniques, exercises, and interventions to help patients regain or enhance their physical, cognitive, and emotional abilities to engage in meaningful occupations.
Test: EMRS PGT Geography Mock Test - 3 - Question 44

Clinicians generally use two different procedures to develop case studies. One is clinical case study and the second one is :

Detailed Solution for Test: EMRS PGT Geography Mock Test - 3 - Question 44

Clinical Case Study
A clinical case study is one of the procedures used by clinicians to develop case studies. This approach involves a detailed and comprehensive examination of an individual or a group of individuals who are undergoing a specific medical or psychological condition. The primary objective of a clinical case study is to understand the unique characteristics, symptoms, and treatment outcomes of the particular case being examined.
Procedure of a Clinical Case Study:

  1. Selection of the Case: The clinician chooses a specific case that is relevant to their field of study or practice. This could be an individual or a group of individuals who exhibit particular symptoms or have undergone a specific treatment.
  2. Data Collection: The clinician gathers comprehensive data about the case through various methods such as interviews, observations, medical records, psychological assessments, and laboratory tests. This data helps in understanding the background, symptoms, history, and other relevant factors associated with the case.
  3. Analysis and Interpretation: The collected data is carefully analyzed and interpreted by the clinician. This involves identifying patterns, making connections, and drawing conclusions based on the information gathered. The clinician may use their professional expertise and knowledge to interpret the data accurately.
  4. Formulation of a Case Study: The clinician then organizes and presents the findings of the case study in a structured and systematic manner. This includes providing an overview of the case, describing the symptoms, presenting the analysis and interpretation of the data, and discussing the treatment outcomes.
  5. Publication and Peer Review: In many cases, clinicians may choose to publish their case studies in medical or psychological journals. These case studies undergo a peer review process where other experts in the field evaluate the quality, validity, and relevance of the study before publication.
  6. Contributing to Evidence-Based Practice: Clinical case studies contribute to the body of knowledge in the field of medicine or psychology. They provide valuable insights into the diagnosis, treatment, and management of various conditions, which can help clinicians make informed decisions in their practice. 
Test: EMRS PGT Geography Mock Test - 3 - Question 45

Dr JL Moreno developed the following technique :

Detailed Solution for Test: EMRS PGT Geography Mock Test - 3 - Question 45

Dr. JL Moreno developed the sociometric technique. This technique focuses on the study of interpersonal relationships within a group. It aims to understand the patterns of social interactions and the social structure that emerges within a group. Sociometry involves the use of surveys and questionnaires to gather data about social relationships, preferences, and connections among group members.
Here is a detailed explanation of the sociometric technique developed by Dr. JL Moreno:

  1. Definition: Sociometry is a method of measuring social relationships and interactions within a group setting. It provides a quantitative analysis of social connections, preferences, and patterns of interaction among group members.
  2. Purpose: The primary purpose of sociometry is to gain insights into the social structure and dynamics of a group. It helps identify key individuals within the group, determine social roles, assess group cohesion, and understand communication patterns.
  3. Procedure: The sociometric technique involves the following steps:
    1. Designing a survey: A survey or questionnaire is designed to collect data on social relationships. The questions typically inquire about preferences for interacting with specific individuals, friendship choices, or perceptions of group members.
    2. Data collection: The survey is administered to group members, who provide their responses based on their social preferences and perceptions. This data is collected and recorded for further analysis.
    3. Data analysis: The collected data is analyzed using sociometric methods. Various statistical techniques are applied to identify patterns and relationships within the group. Measures such as sociograms (visual representation of social connections) and sociometric indices (quantitative measures of social status) are used to interpret the data.
    4. Interpretation: The results of the sociometric analysis are interpreted to gain insights into the social dynamics of the group. This includes identifying popular and isolated individuals, subgroups, communication patterns, and overall group cohesion.
  4. Applications: The sociometric technique has various applications in different fields:
    1. Education: Sociometry can be used in schools to understand peer relationships, social integration, and identify potential social issues or conflicts among students.
    2. Organizational Psychology: Sociometry is useful for analyzing workplace dynamics, team building, and improving communication and collaboration within organizations.
    3. Therapeutic Settings: Sociometric techniques are employed in therapy sessions to explore interpersonal relationships, group dynamics, and enhance social skills.
    4. Market Research: Sociometry can be applied to understand consumer preferences, social influence, and identify opinion leaders within target markets.
Test: EMRS PGT Geography Mock Test - 3 - Question 46

A psychologist studied the individuals and compared the jobs they were employed in. Which method was he using :

Detailed Solution for Test: EMRS PGT Geography Mock Test - 3 - Question 46

Correlational Method
The psychologist in this scenario is using the correlational method to study the individuals and compare the jobs they were employed in. The correlational method is a research technique used to examine the relationship between two or more variables.

  1. Correlational Method: The correlational method involves studying the relationship or association between two variables without manipulating them. It aims to determine whether a relationship exists between variables and the strength and direction of that relationship.
  2. Studying Individuals: In this case, the psychologist is studying individuals, which means they are examining the characteristics, behaviors, or other factors related to each person. The focus is on understanding the relationship between the individuals' job choices and their other characteristics or behaviors.
  3. Comparison of Jobs: The psychologist is specifically comparing the jobs in which the individuals are employed. They might be interested in understanding how different factors, such as personality traits, education level, or socioeconomic status, influence the types of jobs people choose.
  4. Variable Comparison: The psychologist will collect data on the individuals' job titles, industries, or other relevant information related to their employment. This data will be used to compare the job variables across the individuals in the study.
  5. Quantitative Analysis: To determine the relationship between the variables, the psychologist will analyze the data using statistical techniques. They may use techniques like correlation analysis to measure the strength and direction of the relationship between variables.
  6. Interpretation of Results: Based on the analysis, the psychologist will interpret the results and draw conclusions about the relationship between the individuals and the jobs they are employed in. They may find positive correlations, negative correlations, or no significant relationship between the variables.
Test: EMRS PGT Geography Mock Test - 3 - Question 47

Which of the following applies to the experimental method?

Detailed Solution for Test: EMRS PGT Geography Mock Test - 3 - Question 47

Study of subject under carefully controlled conditions
The experimental method involves conducting a study under carefully controlled conditions in order to test a hypothesis and determine cause-and-effect relationships. This method is commonly used in scientific research to investigate the effects of independent variables on dependent variables.
The main characteristic of the experimental method is the ability to manipulate and control variables to establish a cause-and-effect relationship. In an experimental study, researchers carefully design and control the conditions under which the study takes place, in order to eliminate potential confounding variables and ensure that any observed effects can be attributed to the manipulated variable.
Here is a breakdown of the key aspects of the experimental method:

  • Manipulation and control of variables: In an experimental study, researchers deliberately manipulate and control one or more independent variables to observe their effects on the dependent variable. This allows them to establish a cause-and-effect relationship.
  • Carefully controlled conditions: Experimental studies are conducted in highly controlled environments to eliminate extraneous factors that could influence the results. This includes controlling factors such as time, location, and the participants' characteristics.
  • Random assignment: Participants are randomly assigned to different conditions or groups to ensure that any differences observed between groups can be attributed to the independent variable rather than pre-existing differences between the participants.
  • Measurement of dependent variables: Researchers collect data on the dependent variable(s) of interest to assess the effects of the independent variable(s). This data is typically obtained through direct observation, self-report measures, physiological measurements, or other appropriate methods.
  • Comparison of groups: Experimental studies often involve comparing the effects of different conditions or treatments. By comparing the outcomes of different groups, researchers can determine whether the independent variable has a significant impact on the dependent variable.
Test: EMRS PGT Geography Mock Test - 3 - Question 48

Physiological needs of children include :

Detailed Solution for Test: EMRS PGT Geography Mock Test - 3 - Question 48

Physiological Needs of Children: Balanced Diet
A balanced diet is a crucial physiological need for children as it directly impacts their growth, development, and overall well-being. Providing children with a balanced diet ensures that they receive the necessary nutrients, vitamins, and minerals essential for their physical and mental health. Below are the key reasons why a balanced diet is important for children:

  • Growth and Development: Proper nutrition is vital during childhood as it supports the growth and development of various body systems. Essential nutrients like proteins, carbohydrates, fats, vitamins, and minerals are required for the formation and maintenance of tissues, bones, muscles, and organs.
  • Energy and Stamina: Children are generally active and have high energy requirements. A balanced diet provides them with sufficient energy to engage in physical activities, play, and learn effectively. Carbohydrates and fats are the primary sources of energy, while proteins contribute to the repair and growth of body tissues.
  • Immune System Support: A well-balanced diet helps strengthen the immune system of children, making them less susceptible to infections, illnesses, and diseases. Adequate intake of vitamins, minerals, antioxidants, and phytochemicals found in fruits, vegetables, and whole grains helps boost immunity and protect against various health issues.
  • Brain Development: Proper nutrition is crucial for optimal brain development and cognitive function in children. Essential fatty acids, such as omega-3 and omega-6, play a significant role in brain development. Additionally, nutrients like iron, zinc, iodine, and B vitamins support cognitive functions, memory, concentration, and overall mental well-being.
  • Mood and Behavior: A balanced diet can also influence a child's mood, behavior, and emotional well-being. Nutrient deficiencies or imbalances can lead to irritability, mood swings, and poor concentration. Providing a variety of nutrient-rich foods ensures a stable mood, improved behavior, and better academic performance.
  • Prevention of Nutritional Disorders: A balanced diet helps prevent various nutritional deficiencies and disorders that can impact a child's health. For example, a lack of vitamin C can lead to scurvy, vitamin D deficiency can result in weak bones (rickets), and iron deficiency can cause anemia. By providing a wide range of nutrient-dense foods, parents can ensure their child's nutritional needs are met, reducing the risk of such disorders.
Test: EMRS PGT Geography Mock Test - 3 - Question 49

Appreciation, love and affection are part of the following needs of a child.

Detailed Solution for Test: EMRS PGT Geography Mock Test - 3 - Question 49
  • Emotional Needs of a Child:
    Appreciation, love, and affection are essential components of a child's emotional needs. These needs fall under the category of emotional well-being and play a crucial role in the child's overall development and happiness.
  • Importance of Emotional Needs:
    Meeting a child's emotional needs is vital for their healthy growth and development. Emotional well-being helps in building a strong foundation for a child's self-esteem, resilience, and ability to cope with challenges. When a child feels loved, appreciated, and receives affection, they are more likely to develop a positive self-image and have healthier relationships with others.
  • Appreciation:
    Appreciation refers to recognizing and valuing a child's efforts, achievements, and qualities. Expressing genuine appreciation helps a child feel acknowledged and valued. It boosts their self-confidence and motivates them to continue their efforts, whether it is in academics, sports, or any other area of their life.
  • Love:
    Love is an essential emotional need for a child. It involves showing care, warmth, and affection towards the child. Expressing love through hugs, kisses, kind words, and spending quality time together helps the child feel secure, nurtured, and valued. Love provides a sense of belonging and creates a safe emotional environment for the child to grow and explore their own emotions.
  • Affection:
    Affection is the physical expression of love and care towards a child. It includes physical touch, such as hugs, cuddles, and gentle gestures. Affectionate touch releases hormones like oxytocin, which promotes feelings of bonding, trust, and emotional well-being in a child. Regular affectionate interactions with parents or caregivers contribute to the child's emotional development and help them feel loved and secure.
Test: EMRS PGT Geography Mock Test - 3 - Question 50

Which one of the following is not included by K Young (1947) as the needs occurring due to :

Detailed Solution for Test: EMRS PGT Geography Mock Test - 3 - Question 50

According to K Young (1947), the needs occurring due to processes taking place in the body, stimulation by external projects, and expression of feelings are included as needs. However, adventurous activities are not mentioned as one of the needs.
Below is the breakdown of the answer in HTML bullet points:

  • Needs included by K Young (1947):
    • Processes taking place in the body
    • Stimulation by external projects
    • Expression of feelings
  • Need not included by K Young (1947):
    •  Adventurous activities
Test: EMRS PGT Geography Mock Test - 3 - Question 51

What is the proposed duration for the undergraduate degree program under NEP 2020?

Detailed Solution for Test: EMRS PGT Geography Mock Test - 3 - Question 51

NEP 2020 suggests a flexible undergraduate education system with a duration of 3 or 4 years, depending on the choices made by students.

Test: EMRS PGT Geography Mock Test - 3 - Question 52

How does NEP 2020 recommend promoting multilingualism among students?

Detailed Solution for Test: EMRS PGT Geography Mock Test - 3 - Question 52

NEP 2020 recommends a multilingual approach, where students are taught in their mother tongue/local language plus one other language.

Test: EMRS PGT Geography Mock Test - 3 - Question 53

What is the purpose of the National Repository of Educational Data (NRED) under NEP 2020?

Detailed Solution for Test: EMRS PGT Geography Mock Test - 3 - Question 53

NRED in NEP 2020 aims to establish a centralized repository for educational data to aid research and policymaking.

Test: EMRS PGT Geography Mock Test - 3 - Question 54

How does NEP 2020 address the issue of early dropouts from school?

Detailed Solution for Test: EMRS PGT Geography Mock Test - 3 - Question 54

NEP 2020 proposes mandatory school attendance for all students until the age of 16 to reduce early dropouts.

Test: EMRS PGT Geography Mock Test - 3 - Question 55

What kind of soils formed by wind dust in and around hot deserts ?

Detailed Solution for Test: EMRS PGT Geography Mock Test - 3 - Question 55

Loess is a type of silt which forms fertile topsoil in some parts of the world. Loess deposits are usually a few meters thick. One of the key characteristics of these deposits is the 'cat steps'. The soil has few clay particles to hold it together.

Test: EMRS PGT Geography Mock Test - 3 - Question 56

A place where there is constant intermingling of salt water and fresh water is ___

Detailed Solution for Test: EMRS PGT Geography Mock Test - 3 - Question 56

Estuary, partly enclosed coastal body of water in which river water is mixed with seawater. In a general sense, the estuarine environment is defined by salinity.

Test: EMRS PGT Geography Mock Test - 3 - Question 57

Chandan Ranges is located in which state ?

Detailed Solution for Test: EMRS PGT Geography Mock Test - 3 - Question 57

Rajasthan is the capital of the state of Jaipur. Geographical features include the Thar Desert in the west and the end of the Ghaggar River. The main Aravalli range of the world's ancient ranges is the only mountain range in Rajasthan, which is the center of tourism.

Test: EMRS PGT Geography Mock Test - 3 - Question 58

Which among the following neighboring country sources its entire requirement of petrol, diesel and jet fuel from India?

Detailed Solution for Test: EMRS PGT Geography Mock Test - 3 - Question 58

Mauritius, known officially as the Republic of Mauritius, is an island nation located off the southeast coast of the African continent in the Indian Ocean. It is a volcanic island of lagoons and palm-fringed beaches with coral reefs surrounding most of the coastline. Mauritius is 45km in width and 65km in length.

Test: EMRS PGT Geography Mock Test - 3 - Question 59

Margosa oil is obtained from which of the following trees?

Detailed Solution for Test: EMRS PGT Geography Mock Test - 3 - Question 59

Margosa oil is an extract of the seeds of Azadirachta indica, commonly known as the neem tree native to India and Sri Lanka. In low doses, margosa oil has been a traditional remedy for centuries in India and Southeast Asia used in treating asthma, intestinal parasites, arthritis and leprosy.

Test: EMRS PGT Geography Mock Test - 3 - Question 60

Duncan Passage is situated between :

Detailed Solution for Test: EMRS PGT Geography Mock Test - 3 - Question 60

Little Andaman Group. Little Andaman Group is a group of islands of the Andaman Islands, which include all islands south of Duncan Passage. It belongs to the South Andaman administrative district, part of the Indian union territory of Andaman and Nicobar Islands.

Test: EMRS PGT Geography Mock Test - 3 - Question 61

Which state is the largest producer of bajra in India ?

Detailed Solution for Test: EMRS PGT Geography Mock Test - 3 - Question 61

Gujarat, state of India, located on the country’s western coast, on the Arabian Sea. It encompasses the entire Kathiawar Peninsula (Saurashtra) as well as the surrounding area on the mainland. The capital is Gandhinagar, on the outskirts of the north-central city of Ahmadabad.

Test: EMRS PGT Geography Mock Test - 3 - Question 62

The _____Waves are the slowest.

Detailed Solution for Test: EMRS PGT Geography Mock Test - 3 - Question 62

L-waves or surface waves are the slowest. It travels from the focus directly upward to the epicenter. 

Test: EMRS PGT Geography Mock Test - 3 - Question 63

Which one of the following agricultural practices is eco-friendly ?

Detailed Solution for Test: EMRS PGT Geography Mock Test - 3 - Question 63

Organic farming is a technique, which involves cultivation of plants and rearing of animals in natural ways. In other words, organic farming is a farming method that involves growing and nurturing crops without the use of synthetic based fertilizers and pesticides. Also, no genetically modified organisms are permitted.

Test: EMRS PGT Geography Mock Test - 3 - Question 64

In the Earth's atmosphere, the atmospheric pressure :

Detailed Solution for Test: EMRS PGT Geography Mock Test - 3 - Question 64

Near Earth's surface the pressure decreases with height at a rate of about 3.5 millibars for every 30 metres (100 feet). However, over cold air the decrease in pressure can be much steeper because its density is greater than warmer air.

Test: EMRS PGT Geography Mock Test - 3 - Question 65

The amount of ground displacement in an earthquake is called the _________

Detailed Solution for Test: EMRS PGT Geography Mock Test - 3 - Question 65

The amount of ground displacement in an earthquake is called the Slip. 

Test: EMRS PGT Geography Mock Test - 3 - Question 66

Hirakud Dam, one of world’s longest earthen dams is located in which among the following states?

Detailed Solution for Test: EMRS PGT Geography Mock Test - 3 - Question 66

Odisha has 485 kilometres (301 mi) of coastline along the Bay of Bengal on its east, from Balasore to Ganjam. It is the 8th largest state by area, and the 11th largest by population. The state also has the third largest population of Scheduled Tribes in India. Thereafter, Bhubaneswar became the capital of Odisha.

Test: EMRS PGT Geography Mock Test - 3 - Question 67

Which layer of the atmosphere extend's from the Earth's surface upto 6-8 miles and experiences decrease in temperature in constant rate ?

Detailed Solution for Test: EMRS PGT Geography Mock Test - 3 - Question 67

The troposphere is the lowest layer of Earth's atmosphere and site of all weather on Earth. The troposphere is bonded on the top by a layer of air called the tropopause, which separates the troposphere from the stratosphere, and on bottom by the surface of the Earth.

Test: EMRS PGT Geography Mock Test - 3 - Question 68

International Network of Bamboo & Rattan (INBAR) is located at:

Detailed Solution for Test: EMRS PGT Geography Mock Test - 3 - Question 68

Beijing, the capital of China, is a city where the ancient culture and the modern civilization are well integrated. It attracts tens of millions of.

Test: EMRS PGT Geography Mock Test - 3 - Question 69

What is a Supernova ?

Detailed Solution for Test: EMRS PGT Geography Mock Test - 3 - Question 69

A supernova is a powerful and luminous stellar explosion. This transient astronomical event occurs during the last evolutionary stages of a massive star or when a white dwarf is triggered into runaway nuclear fusion.  

Test: EMRS PGT Geography Mock Test - 3 - Question 70

Which among the following is the most densely populated country in South Asia ?

Detailed Solution for Test: EMRS PGT Geography Mock Test - 3 - Question 70

The country is situated in southern Asia in the Ganges River (Padma) delta on the Bay of Bengal. Bangladesh is bordered by India in west, north and east and has a short border with Myanmar (Burma) in south east.

Test: EMRS PGT Geography Mock Test - 3 - Question 71

Which of the following is the chief characteristic of ‘mix farming’ ?

Detailed Solution for Test: EMRS PGT Geography Mock Test - 3 - Question 71

The cultivation of crops alongside the rearing of animals for meat or milk defines mixed farming. For example, a mixed farm may grow cereal crops such as wheat or rye and also keep cattle, sheep, pigs or poultry. Often the dung from the cattle is used to fertilize the cereal crops.

Test: EMRS PGT Geography Mock Test - 3 - Question 72

Volta River project is located in which country ?

Detailed Solution for Test: EMRS PGT Geography Mock Test - 3 - Question 72

Ghana officially the Republic of Ghana, is a country located along the Gulf of Guinea and Atlantic Ocean, in the subregion of West Africa.

Test: EMRS PGT Geography Mock Test - 3 - Question 73

Which among the following is the correct distance from the coast is known as Territorial waters?

Detailed Solution for Test: EMRS PGT Geography Mock Test - 3 - Question 73

Territorial sea, as defined by the 1982 United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea, is a belt of coastal waters extending at most 12 nautical miles (22.2 km; 13.8 mi) from the baseline (usually the mean low-water mark) of a coastal state.

Test: EMRS PGT Geography Mock Test - 3 - Question 74

Which one of the following is one of the Primary Carnivores?

Detailed Solution for Test: EMRS PGT Geography Mock Test - 3 - Question 74

Catfish is one of the Primary Carnivores.
A primary carnivore, like a cat, represents a carnivore that will only eat herbivores, or plant eaters, such as a mouse.