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EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 3 - EMRS MCQ


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130 Questions MCQ Test EMRS Accountant Exam Mock Test Series 2024 - EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 3

EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 3 for EMRS 2024 is part of EMRS Accountant Exam Mock Test Series 2024 preparation. The EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 3 questions and answers have been prepared according to the EMRS exam syllabus.The EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 3 MCQs are made for EMRS 2024 Exam. Find important definitions, questions, notes, meanings, examples, exercises, MCQs and online tests for EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 3 below.
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EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 3 - Question 1

In the following question assuming the given statements to be true, find which of the conclusion among given conclusions is/are definitely true and give your answers accordingly.

Statements:

B > C; C < D; D > E; E > F

Conclusions:

I. C < F

II. B > D

Detailed Solution for EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 3 - Question 1

Given statements: B > C; C E; E > F

On combining: B > C < D > E < F

Conclusions:

I. C < F → False (as C < D > E < F → clear relationship between F and D cannot be determined)

II. B > D → False (as B > C < D → clear relation between B and D cannot be determined)

Hence, none of the conclusions is true.

EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 3 - Question 2

In the following question assuming the given statements to be True, find which of the conclusion among given conclusions is/are definitely true and then give your answers accordingly.

Statement: 
P > S ≥ M = L < J = N

Conclusions:

I. L < N

II. P > M

III. S = L 

Detailed Solution for EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 3 - Question 2

Given statement: P > S ≥ M = L < J = N

I. L < N → True (as L < J = N)

II. P > M → True (as P > S ≥ M)

III. S = L → False (as S ≥ M = L gives either S = L or S > L)

Hence, both conclusions I and II are true.

EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 3 - Question 3

Statements:
All the actors are girls.
All the girls are beautiful.

Conclusions:
1. All the actors are beautiful.
2. Some girls are actors.

Detailed Solution for EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 3 - Question 3

EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 3 - Question 4

Statements:
All the harmoniums are instruments.
All the instruments are flutes.

Conclusions:
(1) All the flutes are instruments.
(2) All the harmoniums are flutes.

Detailed Solution for EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 3 - Question 4

Since all the harmoniums are instruments and all instruments are flutes, then flutes include instruments and harmoniums. And instruments include harmoniums.
(i) All flutes cannot be instruments, because instruments are flutes, but flutes can contain something else as well.
(ii) All the harmoniums are flutes because harmoniums are instruments and instruments are flutes.

EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 3 - Question 5

Kamali walks a distance of 3m towards North then turns to her left and walk for 2m.She turns left and walks for 3m.At this point she turns to his left and walk for 3m.How many metres is she from the starting point ?

Detailed Solution for EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 3 - Question 5

EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 3 - Question 6

One day afternoon Arun and Mani were sitting in a garden and facing each other.Mani’s shadow fall exactly towards Arun’s right, Which direction was Mani facing ?

Detailed Solution for EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 3 - Question 6

EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 3 - Question 7

P is 15m to the west of Q. R is 13m to the south of Q and 5m to the east of S. T is 20m to the north of S.T is 10m to the east of U…….

Q.

In which direction R with respect to P

EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 3 - Question 8

If southeast become North, North-east become West and so on.What will be the West ?

Detailed Solution for EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 3 - Question 8

Option ( a) is the right answer.

"South -east "

If south-east becomes North and north east becomes west, therefore,the whole figure moves 135 degree. Hence, West will bw south east. see, actual figure is rotating 135 degree anticlockwise. So, whenwest will be retated by same degree anticlockwise. It will hold the place of south east.

EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 3 - Question 9

N is more intelligent than M. M is not as intelligent as Y. X is more intelligent than Y but not as good as N. Who is the most intelligent of all ?

Detailed Solution for EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 3 - Question 9

According to the question,
N > M
Y > M
N > X > Y
On arranging the above data, we get
&becaul; N > X > Y > M
So, N is the most intelligent among them.

So Option A is correct

EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 3 - Question 10

Q. In a queue, Rahul is fourteenth from the front and John is seventeenth from the end, while Alisha is in between Rahul and John. There are 48 persons in the queue, how many persons are there between Rahul and Alisha?

Detailed Solution for EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 3 - Question 10

Rahul’s position 14th from front
John’s Position 17th from last 
Alisha is between them


People between them 48 – (14+17) = 17
Where the midmost is Alisha 
So she has 8 people on either of her side.

So Option A is correct

EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 3 - Question 11

A , B , C , D and E each has different heights. D is only shorter than B. E is shorter than A and C. Who is the shortest of them ?

Detailed Solution for EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 3 - Question 11

According to the question,
B > D
A and C > E
∴ B > D > A and C > E
Clearly, shortest = E

So Option A is correct

EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 3 - Question 12

There are five persons sitting on a bench. The one, who is at extreme left, is heaviest. D is second from right and is the lightest. A is sitting to left of B, who is heavier than him. C is heavier than B but is not the heaviest.

Q. Who is 4th from right?

Detailed Solution for EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 3 - Question 12

Correct Answer :- C

Explanation : As A is sitting to the left of B and it is also said who is heavier than him , means A is heavier than B.

Then it says C is heavier than B but not heaviest, so C will come after A.

And lastly it says that D is second from right that means Q will occupy the 1st position from right

The sequence will be :

A C B D Q

So Option C is correct

EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 3 - Question 13

Which one will replace the question mark ?

Detailed Solution for EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 3 - Question 13

(7 x 3) + 8 = 29

(4 x 3) + 7 = 19

(5 x ?) + 6 = 31

? = 5.

EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 3 - Question 14

Which one will replace the question mark ?

Detailed Solution for EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 3 - Question 14

(12)2 - (8)2 = 80

and (16)2 - (7)2 = 207

Therefore (25)2 - (21)2 = 184.

EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 3 - Question 15

Which one will replace the question mark ?

Detailed Solution for EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 3 - Question 15

EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 3 - Question 16

'Walk' is related to 'Run' in the same way as 'Breeze' is related to:

Detailed Solution for EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 3 - Question 16

As fast mode of 'Walk' is 'Run' in the same way fast mode of 'Breeze' is 'Wind'.

EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 3 - Question 17

'Table' is related to 'Wood' in the same way as 'Shirt' is related to:

Detailed Solution for EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 3 - Question 17

As 'Table' is made from 'Wood' in the same way 'Shirt' is made from 'Cloth'.

EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 3 - Question 18

'Smoke' is related to 'Pollution' in the same way as 'War' is related to:

Detailed Solution for EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 3 - Question 18

As 'smoke' leads to 'pollution' in the same way ''War'' leads to 'destruction'.

EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 3 - Question 19

What was the day on 26th January, 1950, when the first Republic Day of India was celebrated?  

Detailed Solution for EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 3 - Question 19

As there is 1 odd day in 1900 years
In 49 years from 1900 to 1949, there are 49 ÷ 4 = 12 leap years and 37 ordinary years. There are (12 × 2 = 24) + 37 = 61 odd days or 5 odd days
From 1st January, 1950 till 26th January, 1950, there are 5 odd days
So, in total there are 0 + 1 + 5 + 5 = 11 odd days or 4 odd days
Hence, From 1st January, 1600 till 26th January, 1950, there are 4 odd days
So 26th January 1950 is Thursday.

EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 3 - Question 20

If REUNION LIMITED is written as QAOMEIM KELESAC, how will SCHOOL be written?

Detailed Solution for EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 3 - Question 20

C is the correct option.In the given coded word each constant is substituted by preceding constant and each vowel is also substituted by preceding vowel. Hence, SCHOOL will be codes as RBGIIK.

EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 3 - Question 21

Three friends, Sam, Michael and Puma went to a restaurant for lunch. Sam had $100 with him, Michael had $60 and Puma had $40. They got a bill for $104 and paid $16 as tip. They shared the total expenses in the ratio of the amounts of money each carried. If A is the difference between amount of money paid by Sam and Michael, and B is the difference between amount of money paid by Michael and Puma, then find the value of A : B.

Detailed Solution for EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 3 - Question 21

Ratio of amounts with Sam : Michael : Puma = 100 : 60 : 40 = 5 : 3 : 2
Let us assume that amounts spent are 5x, 3x and 2x, respectively.
A = 5x - 3x = 2x
B = 3x - 2x = x
Hence, A : B = 2 : 1 (Total expense is the redundant data in the question)

EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 3 - Question 22

The ratio of income of Aman to income of Raman is 4 : 3. Their expenditures are in the ratio 3 : 1. If their respective savings are Rs. 16,000 and Rs. 25,000, what is the income of Aman?

Detailed Solution for EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 3 - Question 22

Income of Aman = Rs. 4x
Income of Raman = Rs. 3x
Expenditure of Aman = Rs. 3y
Expenditure of Raman = Rs. y
According to question:
4x - 3y = 16,000 … (i)
3x - y = 25,000 … (ii)
Multiplying (ii) by 3 and then subtracting (ii) from (i), we get

x = 11,800
Aman's income = Rs. 4x
= Rs. 4 × 11,800
= Rs. 47,200

EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 3 - Question 23

David gets on the elevator at the 11th floor of a building and rides up at the rate of 57 floors per minute. At the same time, Albert gets on an elevator at the 51st floor of the same building and rides down at the rate of 63 floors per minute. If they continue travelling at these rates, then at which floor will their paths cross ?

Detailed Solution for EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 3 - Question 23

Suppose their paths cross after x minutes.

Then, 11 + 57x = 51 - 63x    ⇔    120x = 40

x =1/3

Number of floors covered by David in (1/3) min. =((1/3)x 57)= 19

So, their paths cross at (11+19) i.e., 30th floor.

EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 3 - Question 24

A sum of Rs. 1360 has been divided among A, B and C such that A gets (2/3) of what B gets and B gets (1/4) of what C gets. B's share is:

Detailed Solution for EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 3 - Question 24

Let C's share = Rs. x

EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 3 - Question 25

The two numbers whose sum is 27 and their product is 182 are

Detailed Solution for EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 3 - Question 25

Explanation:Let the one number be xx .As the sum  of numbers is 27 , then the other number will be (27−x)(27−x)                                                                                                                                    According to question

EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 3 - Question 26

The common root of 2x2+x−6 = 0 and x2−3x−10 = 0 is

Detailed Solution for EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 3 - Question 26

EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 3 - Question 27

x+(1/x) = 2, then find the value of x + (-1/x)

Detailed Solution for EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 3 - Question 27

X+(1/X) = 2 ;

(X^2+ 1)/ X = 2 ;

X^2+1 = 2X ;

X^2 - 2X + 1= 0 ;

By factorisation method ,

X = 1 ;

Now substitute X= 1 in X +(-1/X) ;

we get , 1 - 1/1 = 0 ;

Therefore , X = 0 ;

EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 3 - Question 28

The average of 7 consecutive number is n, if the next 2 number also included then the new average will be increased by ?

Detailed Solution for EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 3 - Question 28

Avg of 7 no= (7+1)/2 = 8/2 = 4
Avg of 9 no = (9+1)/2 = 5
5- 4 = 1
Hence increased by 1

EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 3 - Question 29

The average number of runs scored by Virat Kohli in four matches is 48. In the fifth match, Kohli scores some runs such that his average now becomes 60. In the 6th innings he scores 12 runs more than his fifth innings and now the average of his last five innings becomes 78. How many runs did he score in his first innings? (He does not remain not out in any of the innings)

Detailed Solution for EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 3 - Question 29

Runs scored by Kohli in first 4 innings = 48*4 = 192
Average of 5 innings is 60, so total runs scored after 5 innings = 60*5 = 300
Hence runs scored by Kohli in fifth inning = 300 – 192 = 108
It is given that in 6th innings he scores 12 runs more than this, so he must score 120 in the sixth inning. Hence total runs scored in 6 innings = 300+120 = 420
Now average of last five innings is 78, so runs scored in last innings = 390
Hence runs scored in first inning = 420 – 390 = 30.

EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 3 - Question 30

If a – b : b – c : c – d = 1 : 2 : 3, then what is the ratio of (a + d) : c?

Detailed Solution for EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 3 - Question 30

Let a – b = x, b – c = 2x and c – d = 3x
Thus,
c = 3x + d
b = 2x + c = 5x + d
a = x + b = 6x + d
Hence,
(a + d )/ c =  (6x + d + d) / (3x + d) =  2/1

EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 3 - Question 31

If 20% of a = b, then b% of 20 is the same as:

Detailed Solution for EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 3 - Question 31

20% of a = b  => (20/100)a = b

b% of 20 =(b/100) x 20 = (20a/100) x (1/100) x (20) = 4a/100 = 4% of a.

EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 3 - Question 32

Two numbers A and B are such that the sum of 5% of A and 4% of B is two-third of the sum of 6% of A and 8% of B. Find the ratio of A : B.

Detailed Solution for EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 3 - Question 32


5100A+4100B=23[6A100+8B100]

5A+4B=2/3(6A+8B)

15A+12B=12A+16B

3A=4B

A/B=4/3⇒

A : B = 4 : 3

EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 3 - Question 33

Two sprinters run the same race of100 m One runs at a speed of 10 m/s and the other runs at 8 m/s. By what time will the first sprinter beat the other sprinter?

Detailed Solution for EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 3 - Question 33

Correct option is C
Time taken by first sprinter 
= 100/10 = 10sec
Time taken by second sprinter 
= 100/80 = 12.5sec
Difference = 12.5 - 10 = 2.5 sec

EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 3 - Question 34

X can do a piece of work in 20 days. He worked at it for 5 days and then Y finished it in 15 days. In how many days can X and Y together finish the work?

Detailed Solution for EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 3 - Question 34
  • X’s five day work = 5/20 = 1/4. Remaining work = 1 – 1/4 = 3/4.
  • This work was done by Y in 15 days. Y does 3/4th of the work in 15 days, he will finish the work in 15 × 4/3 = 20 days.  
  • X & Y together would take 1/20 + 1/20 = 2/20 = 1/10 i.e. 10 days to complete the work.

So Option C is correct

EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 3 - Question 35

A car traveling with 5/7 of its actual speed covers 42 km in 1 hr 40 min 48 sec. What is the actual speed of the car?

Detailed Solution for EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 3 - Question 35

Time taken = 1 hr 40 min 48 sec = 1 hr (40 + 4/5) min = 1 + 51/75 hrs = 126/75 hrs
Let the actual speed be x km/hr
Then, (5/7) * x * (126/75) = 42
⇒ x = 42 * 7 * (75 / 5) * 126
⇒ x = 35 km/hr

EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 3 - Question 36

A man covered a certain distance at some speed. If he had moved 3 kmph faster, he would have taken 40 minutes less. If he had moved 2 kmph slower, he would have taken 40 minutes more. What is the the distance in km?

Detailed Solution for EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 3 - Question 36

EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 3 - Question 37

If 4 (P's Capital ) = 6 ( Q's Capital ) = 10 ( R's Capital ) , then out of the total profit of Rs 4650 , R will receive

Detailed Solution for EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 3 - Question 37

Let
P's capital = p,
Q's capital = q and
R's capital = r.
Then

EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 3 - Question 38

A, B, C rent a pasture. A puts 10 oxen for 7 months, B puts 12 oxen for 5 months and C puts 15 oxen for 3 months for grazing. If the rent of the pasture is Rs. 175, how much must C pay as his share of rent?

Detailed Solution for EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 3 - Question 38

A:B:C
=(10×7):(12×5):(15×3)
=70:60:45
=14:12:9

EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 3 - Question 39

The cost of Type 1 material is Rs. 15 per kg and Type 2 material is Rs.20 per kg. If both Type 1 and Type 2 are mixed in the ratio of 2 : 3, then what is the price per kg of the mixed variety of material?

Detailed Solution for EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 3 - Question 39

► Cost Price(CP) of Type 1 material is Rs. 15 per kg
► Cost Price(CP) of Type 2 material is Rs. 20 per kg
Type 1 and Type 2 are mixed in the ratio of 2 : 3

Therefore, rice per kg of the mixed variety of material = Rs.18

EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 3 - Question 40

Find the ratio in which rice at Rs. 7.20 a kg be mixed with rice at Rs. 5.70 a kg to produce a mixture worth Rs. 6.30 a kg.

Detailed Solution for EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 3 - Question 40

EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 3 - Question 41

A large tanker can be filled by two pipes A and B in 60 minutes and 40 minutes respectively. How many minutes will it take to fill the tanker from empty state if B is used for half the time and A and B fill it together for the other half?

Detailed Solution for EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 3 - Question 41

Part filled by (A + B) in 1 minute = 
Suppose the tank is filled in x minutes.
Then, 
⇒ x = 30 min.

EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 3 - Question 42

A leak in the bottom of a tank can empty the full tank in 6 hours. An inlet pipe fills water at the rate of 4 liters a minute. When the tank is full, the inlet is opened and due to the leak, the tank is empty in 24 hours. How many liters does the cistern hold?

Detailed Solution for EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 3 - Question 42

Part emptied by the leak in 1 hour = 1/6
Net part emptied by the leak and the inlet pipe in 1 hour = 1/24
Part filled by the inlet pipe in 1 hour 
i.e., inlet pipe fills the tank in 8 hours = (8 * 60) minutes = 480 minutes
Given that the inlet fills water at the rate of 4 liters a minute
Hence, water filled in 480 minutes = 480 * 4 = 1920 litre
i.e., The cistern can hold 1920 litre

EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 3 - Question 43

Of all the articles manufactured by a company, 5% are defective. If the manufacturing cost of 100 articles is Rs. 1900, what should be the market price of the article so that the company gets 40% profit, even if it gives the articles to the distributor for 30% less price than the market price?

Detailed Solution for EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 3 - Question 43

Cost price for 100 articles = Rs. 1900
Let the market price per article be Rs. M.
So, sales revenue = 95 × M × 0.7 ... (i)
As profit = 40%, sales revenue = Rs. 1.40 × 1900 = Rs. 2660
So, 95M × 0.7 = 2660
Or M = 40
Thus, market price = Rs. 40
Hence, answer option (1) is correct.

EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 3 - Question 44

By selling a cap for ₹ 29.75, a man gains 6.25%. What will be the CP of the cap?

Detailed Solution for EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 3 - Question 44

The SP = 106.25% of the CP. Thus, CP = 29.75/1.0625
= ₹ 28.

EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 3 - Question 45

Mr. Thomas invested an amount of Rs. 13,900 divided in two different schemes A and B at the simple interest rate of 14% p.a. and 11% p.a. respectively. If the total amount of simple interest earned in 2 years be Rs. 3508, what was the amount invested in Scheme B?

Detailed Solution for EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 3 - Question 45

Let the sum invested in Scheme A be Rs. x and that in Scheme B be Rs. (13900 - x)

⇒ 28x - 22x = 350800 - (13900 * 22)
⇒ 6x = 45000
⇒ x = 7500
So, sum invested in Scheme B = Rs. (13900 - 7500) = Rs. 6400

EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 3 - Question 46

Suresh for 2 years invested Rs. 500 in SBI. He also invested Rs. 300 in ICICI for 4 years. At the end he received Rs. 220 from both banks as simple interest. What must have been rate of interest? (assuming the rate of interest for both banks is same)

Detailed Solution for EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 3 - Question 46

Simple Intrest = SI = PRT/100
Where P = Principal, R = Rate of intrest and T = time period
Total SI = SI from SBI and SI from ICICI
∴ 220 = (500 x R x 2)/100 + (300 x R x 4)/100
⇒ 220 = 10R + 12R
⇒ R = 10% = Rate of intrest

EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 3 - Question 47

A steel wire is bent in the shape of a square having semi-perimeter as 18 cm and an area of 81 cm2, and then the same wire is again bent to make a circle. Find the ratio of the area of square to that of circle.
 

Detailed Solution for EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 3 - Question 47

Semi-perimeter (2a) = 18 cm
Area (a × a) = 81 cm2
Solving both, we get a = 9 cm.
Now, circumference = 2 × 18 = 36
So, r = 
Area of circle = 

EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 3 - Question 48

In a swimming pool measuring 90 m by 40 m, 150 men take a dip. If the average displacement of water by a man is 8 cubic metres, what will be the approximate rise in water level?

Detailed Solution for EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 3 - Question 48

Volume of water displaced by 150 men = 150 × 8 = 1200 m3
Let the rise in water level be x.
90 × 40 × x = 1200
⇒ x = 12/36 = 1/3 or 0.33 m = 33.33 cm (Approx.)

EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 3 - Question 49

Solve the quadratic equation x2 – ix + 6 = 0

Detailed Solution for EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 3 - Question 49

x2 - ix + 6 = 0
x2 - 3ix + 2ix - 6i2 = 0    { i2 = -1}
x(x-3i) + 2i(x-3i) = 0
(x+2i) (x-3i) = 0
x = -2i, 3i 

EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 3 - Question 50

 so the least integral value of n is

Detailed Solution for EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 3 - Question 50

{(1 + i)/(1 - i)}n = 1
multiply (1 + i) numerator as well as denominator .
{(1 + i)(1 + i)/(1 - i)(1 + i)}n = 1
{(1 + i)²/(1² - (i)²)}n = 1
{(1 + i² +2i)/2 }n = 1
{(2i)/2}n = 1
{i}n = 1
we know, i4n = 1 where , n is an integer.
so, n = 4n where n is an integers
e.g n = 4 { because least positive integer 1 }
hence, n = 4

EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 3 - Question 51

Suspicious as they are of American intentions, and bolstered by court rulings that seem to give them license to seek out and publish any and all government secrets, the media‘s distrust of our government, combined with their limited understanding of the world at large, damages our ability to design and conduct good policy in ways that the media rarely imagine.

The leak through which sensitive information flows from the government to the press is detrimental to policy in so far as it almost completely precludes the possibility of serious discussion. The fear that anything they say, even in what is construed as a private forum, may appear in print, makes many people, whether our own government officials or the leaders of foreign countries, unwilling to speak their minds.

Must we be content with the restriction of our leaders‘ policy discussions to a handful of people who trust each other, thus limiting the richness and variety of ideas that could be brought forward through a larger group because of the nearly endemic nature of this problem? It is vitally important for the leaders of the United States to know the real state of affairs internationally, and this can occur only if foreign leaders feel free to speak their minds to our diplomats.

Until recently, it looked as if the media had convinced the public that journalists were more reliable than the government; however, this may be changing. With the passage of time, the media have lost lustre. They—having grown large and powerful—provoke the same public skepticism that other large institutions in the society do. A series of media scandals has contributed to this. Many Americans have concluded that the media are no more credible than the government, and public opinion surveys reflect much ambivalence about the press.

While leaks are generally defended by media officials on the grounds of the public‘s ―right to know,in reality they are part of the Washington political power game, as well as part of the policy process. The "leaker" may be currying favour with the media, or may be planting information to influence policy. In the first case, he is helping himself by enhancing the prestige of a journalist; in the second, he is using the media as a stage for his preferred policies. In either instance, it closes the circle: the leak begins with a political motive, is advanced by a politicized media, and continues because of politics. Although some of the journalists think they are doing the work, they are more often than not instruments of the process, not prime movers. The media must be held accountable for their activities, just like every other significant institution in our society, and the media must be forced to earn the public‘s trust.

Direction: Read the above Paragraph and answer the following questions.
Q. Based on the information in the passage, with which of the following statements would the author most likely agree?