EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 4 - EMRS MCQ

# EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 4 - EMRS MCQ

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## 130 Questions MCQ Test EMRS Accountant Exam Mock Test Series 2024 - EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 4

EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 4 for EMRS 2024 is part of EMRS Accountant Exam Mock Test Series 2024 preparation. The EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 4 questions and answers have been prepared according to the EMRS exam syllabus.The EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 4 MCQs are made for EMRS 2024 Exam. Find important definitions, questions, notes, meanings, examples, exercises, MCQs and online tests for EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 4 below.
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EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 4 - Question 1

### If W > X, X > Y and Y > Z, then which of the following conclusions is definitely wrong?

Detailed Solution for EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 4 - Question 1

Given: W > X, X > Y and Y > Z

On combining: W > X > Y > Z

I) X > Z → True

II) W > Z → True

III) Z > W → False (as W > Z)

IV) W > Y → True

Hence, Z > W is definitely wrong.

EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 4 - Question 2

### In the following question assuming the given statements to be true, find which of the conclusion among given conclusions is/are definitely true and then give your answer accordingly. Statements:  L > F = S < T ≤ Q < P Conclusions: I. F < Q II. L > S III. T < P

Detailed Solution for EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 4 - Question 2

Given statements: L > F = S < T ≤ Q < P

I. F < Q → True (as F = S < T ≤ Q)

II. L > S → True (as L > F = S)

III. T < P → True (as T ≤ Q < P)

Hence, all of the given conclusions follow.

EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 4 - Question 3

### Statements: Some papers are pens. All the pencils are pens. Conclusions: 1. Some pens are pencils. 2. Some pens are papers.

Detailed Solution for EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 4 - Question 3

Both (1) and (2) follow because the statement "some papers are pens" can be converted into "some pens are papers" and the statement "all pencils are pens" can be converted into "some pens are pencils". Therefore, both (1) and (2) conclusions follows.

​​​​​​

EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 4 - Question 4

Statements:
Some ants are parrots.
All the parrots are apples.

Conclusions:
1. All the apples are parrots.
2. Some ants are apples.

Detailed Solution for EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 4 - Question 4

From the above Venn diagram we made some assumptions on conclusion:

• All apples are parrots: False.
• Some ants are apples: True.

Therefore only the second conclusion is True.

Hence the correct answer is option B.

EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 4 - Question 5

Directions: Study the following information carefully to answer the given Questions:

P^Q-P is the child of Q
P!Q-P is the parent of Q
P*Q - P is elder to Q
P#Q-P is younger to Q
P@Q-P is brother of Q
P&Q - P is wife of Q
P+Q-P is sister-in-law of Q

Q. If I!J@K#L^I!M*K, the age of M is 25 years and age of L is 32 years, so what can be the age of K?

EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 4 - Question 6

Directions: Study the following information carefully to answer the given Questions:

P^Q-P is the child of Q
P!Q-P is the parent of Q
P*Q - P is elder to Q
P#Q-P is younger to Q
P@Q-P is brother of Q
P&Q - P is wife of Q
P+Q-P is sister-in-law of Q

Q. If G! A^T+J&O@LP! G, then how is J related to A?

Detailed Solution for EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 4 - Question 6

G!A^T+J&O @L^P! G: G is parent of A, A is child of T, T is sister-in-law of J, J is wife of O, O is brother of L, L is child of P, P is parent of G.

EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 4 - Question 7

P is 15m to the west of Q. R is 13m to the south of Q and 5m to the east of S. T is 20m to the north of S.T is 10m to the east of U…….

Q.

In which direction U with respect to P

Detailed Solution for EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 4 - Question 7

EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 4 - Question 8

Vivek travelled 12kms West, then he turned left and travelled 8kms. Then he turned left and travelled 12kms. How far was Vivek from starting point ?

Detailed Solution for EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 4 - Question 8

EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 4 - Question 9

Point W is 7m towards the West of point X. Point X is 3m towards the North of point Y. Point Z is 4m towards West of point Y……………

Q.

If a person walks 3m towards South from point W and reaches point Q, which of the following 2 points would fall in straight line including Q

EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 4 - Question 10

Point W is 7m towards the West of point X. Point X is 3m towards the North of point Y. Point Z is 4m towards West of point Y……………

Q.If a person walks 3m towards South from point W and reaches point Q, which of the following 2 points would fall in straight line including Q

EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 4 - Question 11

Sashi is 2 year elder than Sunita, Sunita is 3 year elder than Bindu, Shekhar is 1 year elder than Bindu. Who is the youngest in the group ?

Detailed Solution for EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 4 - Question 11

According to the question,
Sashi is 2 yearr elder than Sunita
Sashi > Sunita
Sunita is 3 yearr elder than Bindu
Sunita > Bindu
Shekhar is 1 year elder than Bindu
Shekhar > Bindu

After arranging the Data
∴ Sashi > Sunita > Shekhar > Bindu
So, youngest person in the group is Bindu.

So Option C is correct

EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 4 - Question 12

Q. In a class of 60, where girls are twice that of boys, Kapil ranked seventeenth from the top. If there are 9 girls above Kapil, how many boys are after him in class?

Detailed Solution for EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 4 - Question 12

Given statement;

Total strength of class = 60

Boys : Girls = 1 : 2

This means 20 boys and 40 girls are there in the class.

The rank of Kamal from the top is 17th.

which means 16 students are ahead of Kamal and nine are girls. So seven are boys.

Total boys = 20

Behind Kamal = 20 - 7 - 1(kamal) = 12 boys. (Kamal is a boy so he will also be counted

Hence, there are 12 boys behind kamal.

So the correct option is C .

EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 4 - Question 13

In a row of girls, Veena is 12th from the start and 19th from the end. In another row of girls. Sunita is 14th from the start and 20th from the end. How many girls are there in both the rows together ?

Detailed Solution for EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 4 - Question 13

In first row, Veena is 12th from start and 19th from end.
Then total number of girls = (12 + 19 - 1) = 30
In second row, Sunita is 14th from start and 20th form the end.
Then, total number of girls = (14 + 20 - 1) = 33
∴ Total number of girls = 30 + 33 = 63

So Option is correct

EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 4 - Question 14

The age of Amit is same as Sumit because they are twins, Richa is younger than Sumit, Richa is younger than Jyotsana but elder than Saurabh , Sumit is younger than Jyotsana. Who is the eldest among them ?

Detailed Solution for EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 4 - Question 14

The age of Amit is same as Sumit
Amit = Sumit,
Richa is younger than Sumit
Sumit > Richa
Richa is younger than Jyotsana
Jyotsana > Richa
Sumit is younger than Jyotsana
Jyotsana > Sumit
Finally
Amit = Sumit, Sumit > Richa
Jyotsana > Richa > Saurabh
Jyotsana > Sumit
On arranging the above data, we get
∴ Jyotsana > Sumit= Amit > Richa > Saurabh
So, Jyotsana is eldest among them.

So Option B is correct

EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 4 - Question 15

Which one will replace the question mark ?

Detailed Solution for EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 4 - Question 15

(5 + 4 + 7)/2 = 8

(6 + 9 + 5)/2 = 10

(3 + 7 + 2)/2 = 6.

EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 4 - Question 16

Which one will replace the question mark ?

Detailed Solution for EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 4 - Question 16

Sum of numbers in lower half of the circle = 11 + 9 + 3 + 7 = 30

Sum of numbers in upper half of the circle = ? + 4 + 5 + 6 = ? + 15

Upper half = Lower half

30 = ? + 15

? = 30 - 15

? = 15.

EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 4 - Question 17

Which one will replace the question mark ?

Detailed Solution for EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 4 - Question 17

(15 - 12) + (10 - 9) = 4

(28 - 12) + (16 - 20) = 12

Similarly, (23 -11) + (15- 16) = 11.

EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 4 - Question 18

'College' is related to 'Teachers' in the same way as 'Hospital' is related to:

Detailed Solution for EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 4 - Question 18

As teaching is done by 'Teachers' in the 'College' similarly treatment is done by 'Doctors' in the 'Hospital'.

EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 4 - Question 19

'Cat' is related to 'Kitten' in the same way as 'Woman' is related to:

Detailed Solution for EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 4 - Question 19

As the young one of a 'cat' is 'kitten' in the same way the young one of 'woman' is 'baby'.

EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 4 - Question 20

'Much' is related to 'Many' in the same way as 'Measure' is related to:

Detailed Solution for EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 4 - Question 20

As 'Much' corresponds to 'Many' in the same way 'Measure' corresponds to 'counting'.

EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 4 - Question 21

Last year, the ratio between the salaries of A and B was 3 : 4. But, the ratios of their individual salaries between the last year and this year were 4 : 5 and 2 : 3, respectively. If the sum of their present salaries is Rs. 4160, then how much is the salary of A now?

Detailed Solution for EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 4 - Question 21

Let salary of A last year be Rs. 3s.
Salary of B last year = Rs. 4s
Let present salary of A be Rs. A and that of B be Rs. B.
So, 3s/A = 4/5 or A = 15s/4
4s/B = 2/3 or B = 6s
So, adding up the present salaries, we get (15s/4) + 6s = 4160
Or, s = 426.667
Present salary of A = Rs. A = Rs. (15/4)s = Rs. (15/4) × 426.667 = Rs. 1600
Thus, answer option (2) is correct.

EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 4 - Question 22

A sum of money is divided among A, B and C in the ratio 2 : 3 : 4. C gives Rs. 20 to B and B gives half of what he has now to A. Now, A and C have equal amount. What is the sum of money divided among the three?

Detailed Solution for EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 4 - Question 22

Suppose the shares of A, B and C are Rs. 2x, Rs. 3x and Rs. 4x, respectively.
When C gives Rs. 20 to B:
Amount with C = Rs. (4x - 20) and amount with B = (Rs. 3x + 20)
Now, B gives half of his amount to A.
Amount with A = Rs.

According to the question,

Or 4x + 3x + 20 = 8x - 40 or x = 60
Hence, total sum of money = Rs. (2x + 3x + 4x)
= Rs. 9x = Rs. (9 × 60) = Rs. 540

EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 4 - Question 23

One-third of Rahul's savings in National Savings Certificate is equal to one-half of his savings in Public Provident Fund. If he has Rs. 1,50,000 as total savings, how much has he saved in Public Provident Fund ?

Detailed Solution for EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 4 - Question 23

Let savings in N.S.C and P.P.F. be Rs. x and Rs. (150000 - x) respectively. Then,

Savings in Public Provident Fund = Rs. (150000 - 90000) = Rs. 60000

EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 4 - Question 24

A fires 5 shots to B's 3 but A kills only once in 3 shots while B kills once in 2 shots. When B has missed 27 times, A has killed:

Detailed Solution for EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 4 - Question 24

EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 4 - Question 25

In a cricket match Kumble took three wickets less than twice the number of wickets taken by Srinath. The product of the number of wickets taken by these two is 20, then the number of wickets taken by Kumble is

Detailed Solution for EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 4 - Question 25

Explanation:

Let the number of wickets taken by Srinath be x then the number of wickets taken by Kumble will be 2x−3
According to question, x(2x−3)=20

EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 4 - Question 26

(x2 + 1)2 - x2 = 0 has

Detailed Solution for EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 4 - Question 26

EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 4 - Question 27

When a positive number n is divided by 7 leaves the remainder 2, when 3n is divided by the same number, then the remainder is

Detailed Solution for EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 4 - Question 27

N = 7+2 =9
3n = 27
27/7 = 6

EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 4 - Question 28

The number of prime factors of 510510

Detailed Solution for EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 4 - Question 28

2*3*5*7*11*13*17 = 510510

EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 4 - Question 29

The average weight of a class of 10 students is increased by 2 kg when one student of 30kg left and another student joined. After a few months, this new student left and another student joined whose weight was 10 less than the student who left now. What is the difference between the final and initial averages?

Detailed Solution for EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 4 - Question 29

Change in total weight of 10 students = difference in weight of the student who joined and the student

=> weigth of first student who left = 30 + (10×2) = 50

weight of the student who joined last = 50 – 10 = 40...
Thus change in average weight = (40 – 30)/10 = 1...

EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 4 - Question 30

The average of 15 numbers is 18. If each number is multiplied by 9, then the average of the new set of numbers is:

Detailed Solution for EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 4 - Question 30

When we multiply each number by 9, the average would also get multiplied by 9.

Hence, the new average = 18 X 9 = 162.

EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 4 - Question 31

In an election between two candidates, one got 55% of the total valid votes, 20% of the votes were invalid. If the total number of votes was 7500, the number of valid votes that the other candidate got, was:

Detailed Solution for EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 4 - Question 31

Total Valid votes are = 80% of 7500= 6000
If one has 55% vote then the other has left with 45% votes
Hence, 45% of 6000= 2700

EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 4 - Question 32

Three candidates contested an election and received 1136, 7636 and 11628 votes respectively. What percentage of the total votes did the winning candidate get?

Detailed Solution for EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 4 - Question 32

EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 4 - Question 33

A and B together can do a piece of work in 50 days. If A is 40% less efficient than B, in how many days can A working alone complete 60% of the work?

Detailed Solution for EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 4 - Question 33

Given:

A and B together can do a piece of work in 50 days.

A is 40% less efficient than B

Concept used:

Total work = Efficiency of the workers × time taken by them

Calculation:

Let the efficiency of B be 5a

So, efficiency of A = 5a × 60%

⇒ 3a

So, total efficiency of them = 8a

Total work = 8a × 50

⇒ 400a

Now,

60% of the work = 400a × 60%

⇒ 240a

Now,

Required time = 240a/3a

⇒ 80 days

∴ A can complete 60% of the work working alone in 80 days.

EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 4 - Question 34

Sheldon had to cover a distance of 60 km. However, he started 6 minutes later than his scheduled time and raced at a speed 1 km/h higher than his originally planned speed and reached the finish at the time he would reach it if he began to race strictly at the appointed time and raced with the assumed speed. Find the speed at which he travelled during the journey described.

Detailed Solution for EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 4 - Question 34

Solve this question through options.
⇒  For instance, if he travelled at 25 km/h, his original speed would have been 24 km/h.
⇒ The time difference can be seen to be 6 minutes in this case = 60 / 24 – 60 / 25 = 0.1 hrs = 6 mins

Thus, 25 km/h is the correct answer.

So Option A is correct

EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 4 - Question 35

A and B walk around a circular track. A and B walk at a speed of 2 rounds per hour and 3 rounds per hour respectively. If they start at 8 a.m. from the same point in opposite directions, how many times shall they cross each other before 9.30 a.m.?

Detailed Solution for EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 4 - Question 35

Relative speed = Speed of A + Speed of B = 2 + 3 = 5 rounds per hour
(∴ they walk in opposite directions)

⇒ They cross each other 5 times in 1 hour and 2 times in 1/2 hour

∵ Time duration from 8 a.m. to 9.30 a.m. = 1.5 hour

∴ They cross each other 7 times before 9.30 a.m

EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 4 - Question 36

Two boys starts from the same place walking at the rate of 5 kmph and 5.5 kmph respectively in the same direction. What time will they take to be 8.5 km apart?

Detailed Solution for EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 4 - Question 36

In this type of question, we need to get the relative speed between them.

The relative speed of the boys = 5.5 – 5 = 0.5 km/h

The distance between them is 8.5 km.
Time = Distance/Speed
Time = 8.5/0.5 = 17 hrs

EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 4 - Question 37

In a business, A and C invested amounts in the ratio 2 : 1 , whereas the ratio between amounts invested by A and B was 3 : 2 . If Rs 157300 was their profit, how much amount did B receive?

Detailed Solution for EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 4 - Question 37

Assume that investment of C = x
Then, investment of A = 2x

EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 4 - Question 38

A and B started a business in partnership investing Rs. 20,000 and Rs. 15,000 respectively. After six months, C joined them with Rs. 20,000. What will be B's share in total profit of Rs. 25,000 earned at the end of 2 years from the starting of the business?

Detailed Solution for EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 4 - Question 38

A : B : C
= (20,000 × 24) : (15,000 × 24) : (20,000 × 18)
= 4 : 3 : 3.
So B's Share

EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 4 - Question 39

A milk vendor has 2 cans of milk. The first contains 25% water and the rest milk. The second contains 50% water. How much milk should he mix from each of the containers so as to get 12 litres of milk such that the ratio of water to milk is 3 : 5?

Detailed Solution for EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 4 - Question 39

► Let x and (12-x) litres of milk be mixed from the first and second container respectively

► Amount of milk in x litres of the the first container = .75x

► Amount of water in x litres of the the first container = .25x

► Amount of milk in (12-x) litres of the the second container = .5(12-x)

► Amount of water in (12-x) litres of the the second container = .5(12-x)

► Ratio of water to milk = [.25x + .5(12-x)] : [.75x + .5(12-x)] = 3 : 5

⇒ (.25x+6-5x)/(.75x+6-.5x) =3/5

⇒(6−.25x)/(.25x+6) =3/5

⇒30−1.25x=.75x+18

⇒2x=12

⇒x=6

► Since x = 6, 12-x = 12-6 = 6

Hence 6 and 6 litres of milk should mixed from the first and second container respectively

EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 4 - Question 40

Two vessels A and B contain spirit and water in the ratio 5 : 2 and 7 : 6 respectively. Find the ratio in which these mixture be mixed to obtain a new mixture in vessel C containing spirit and water in the ration 8 : 5 ?

Detailed Solution for EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 4 - Question 40

► Spirit in 1 litre mix of A = 5/7 litre.
► Spirit in 1 litre mix of B = 7/13 litre.
► Spirit in 1 litre mix of C = 8/13 litre.
By rule of alligation we have required ratio X:Y

Therefore required ratio = 1/13 : 9/91
= 7:9

EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 4 - Question 41

A cistern can be filled by a tap in 3 hours while it can be emptied by another tap in 8 hours. If both the taps are opened simultaneously, then after how much time will the cistern get filled?

Detailed Solution for EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 4 - Question 41

Part filled by first tap in 1 hour = 1/3
Part emptied by second tap 1 hour = 1/8
Net part filled by both these taps in
1 hour
= 1/3 − 1/8 = 5/24
i.e, the cistern gets filled in 24/5 hours
= 4.8 hours.

EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 4 - Question 42

Two taps A and B can fill a tank in 5 hours and 20 hours respectively. If both the taps are open then due to a leakage, it took 40 minutes more to fill the tank. If the tank is full, how long will it take for the leakage alone to empty the tank?

Detailed Solution for EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 4 - Question 42

Part filled by pipe A in 1 hour = 1/5
Part filled by pipe B in 1 hour = 1/20
Part filled by pipe A and B in 1 hour =
i.e., A and b together can fill the tank in 4 hours
Given that due to the leakage, it took 40 minutes more to fill the tank.
i.e., due to the leakage, the tank got filled in
⇒ Net part filled by pipe A and B and the leak in 1 hour = 3/14
⇒ Part emptied by the leak in 1 hour =
i.e., the leak can empty the tank in 28 hours.

EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 4 - Question 43

A machine costs ₹ 1025. If it is sold at a loss of 25%, what will be its cost price as a percentage of its selling price?

Detailed Solution for EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 4 - Question 43

A loss of 25% means a cost price of 100 corresponding to a selling price of 75. CP as a percentage of the SP would then be 133.33%

EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 4 - Question 44

A tablet is sold for ₹ 6612.5 at a profit of 15%. What would have been the actual profit or loss on it, if it had been sold for ₹ 5380?

Detailed Solution for EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 4 - Question 44

CP = 6612.5/1.15 = 5750. Selling this at 5380 would mean a loss of ₹370 on a CP of ₹ 5750.

EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 4 - Question 45

A sum of money at simple interest amounts to Rs. 815 in 3 years and to Rs. 854 in 4 years. The sum is :

Detailed Solution for EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 4 - Question 45

S.I. for 1 year = Rs. (854 - 815) = Rs. 39.

S.I. for 3 years = Rs.(39 * 3) = Rs. 117.

Principal = Rs. (815 - 117) = Rs. 698.

EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 4 - Question 46

A sum fetched a total simple interest of Rs. 929.20 at the rate of 8 p.c.p.a. in 5 years. What is the sum?

Detailed Solution for EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 4 - Question 46

Given, SI = Rs 929.20
P = ?
T = 5 years
R = 8%
P = (100 x SI) / RT
⇒ (100 x 929.20) / (8 x 5)
⇒ Rs. 2323

EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 4 - Question 47

A sphere of diameter 6 cm is dropped into a right circular cylindrical vessel, partly filled with water. The diameter of the cylindrical vessel is 12 cm. If the sphere is completely submerged in water, by how much will the level of water rise in the cylindrical vessel?

Detailed Solution for EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 4 - Question 47

Radius of the sphere = 6/2 = 3 cm
Radius of the cylinder = 12/2 = 6cm
Volume of the sphere

New volume of the cylindrical vessel - Initial volume of the cylindrical vessel = Volume of the sphere
Initial height = h cm
Final height = H cm
πr2H - πr2h = 36π

EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 4 - Question 48

Three metal cubes having volumes 125 cubic cm, 64 cubic cm and 27 cubic cm are melted to form a new cube. Find the value of edge of the new cube.

Detailed Solution for EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 4 - Question 48

Since three metal cubes of volumes 125 cm3, 64 cm3 and 27 cm3 are melted to form a new cube,
Therefore, volume of the new cube = 125 + 64 + 27 = 216 cm3
Total volume = 216 cm3
a3 = 216 cm3
a3 = 63
On comparing, we get
a = 6
Edge = 6 cm

EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 4 - Question 49

If p = – 7 and q = 12 and x2+px+q=0, then the value of ‘x’ is

Detailed Solution for EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 4 - Question 49

EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 4 - Question 50

The roots of a quadratic equation x2−4px+4p2−q2=0 are

Detailed Solution for EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 4 - Question 50

EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 4 - Question 51

In the decades following World War II, American business had undisputed control of the world economy, producing goods of such high quality and low cost that foreign corporations were unable to compete. But in the mid-1960s the United States began to lose its advantage and by the 1980s American corporations lagged behind the competition in many industries. In the computer chip industry, for example, American corporations had lost most of both domestic and foreign markets by the early 1980s.

The first analysts to examine the decline of American business blamed the U.S. government. They argued that stringent governmental restrictions on the behaviour of American corporations, combined with the wholehearted support given to foreign firms by their governments, created and environment in which American products could not compete. Later analysts blamed predatory corporate raiders who bought corporations, not to make them more competitive in the face of foreign competition, but rather to sell off the most lucrative divisions for huge profits.

Still later analysts blamed the American workforce, citing labour demands and poor productivity as the reasons American corporations have been unable to compete with Japanese and European firms. Finally, a few analysts even censured American consumers for their unpatriotic purchases of foreign goods. The blame actually lies with corporate management, which has made serious errors based on misconceptions about what it takes to be successful in the marketplace.

These missteps involve labour costs, production choices, and growth strategies. Even though labour costs typically account for less than 15% of a product‘s total cost, management has been quick to blame the costs of workers‘ wages for driving up prices, making American goods uncompetitive. As a result of attempts to minimize the cost of wages, American corporations have had trouble recruiting and retaining skilled workers.

The emphasis on cost minimization has also led to another blunder: an over-concentration on high technology products. Many foreign firms began by specializing in the mass production and sale of low technology products, gaining valuable experience and earning tremendous profits. Later, these corporations were able to break into high technology markets without much trouble; they simply applied their previous manufacturing experience and ample financial resources to the production of higher quality goods.

American business has consistently ignored this very sensible approach.  The recent rash of corporate mergers and acquisitions in the U.S. has not helped the situation either. While American firms have neglected long-range planning and production, preferring instead to reap fast profits through mergers and acquisitions, foreign firms have been quick to exploit opportunities to ensure their domination over future markets by investing in the streamlining and modernization of their facilities.

Q. The passage suggests that compared to Japanese workers, American workers are often considered:

Detailed Solution for EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 4 - Question 51

Mapping the Passage:

• Para 1 outlines the decline of American business.
• Para 2 and 3 list reasons that analysts have given for the decline and introduce the author‘s own theory for American business problems: incompetent management.
• Para 4 lists management‘s problems with labour.
• Para 5 explains the problem with America's fixation on high-tech products.
• Para 6 uses mergers to show that corporations lack long-range planning.

A quick scan of the answer choices shows that you have to compare the workers of the two nations on two criteria: contentedness and efficiency.
Search for a part of the passage that touches on this. Para 3 is the only one that cites Japan and mentions that analysts consider American workers less productive and less content. So Option (C) is correct.

EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 4 - Question 52

In the decades following World War II, American business had undisputed control of the world economy, producing goods of such high quality and low cost that foreign corporations were unable to compete. But in the mid-1960s the United States began to lose its advantage and by the 1980s American corporations lagged behind the competition in many industries. In the computer chip industry, for example, American corporations had lost most of both domestic and foreign markets by the early 1980s.

The first analysts to examine the decline of American business blamed the U.S. government. They argued that stringent governmental restrictions on the behaviour of American corporations, combined with the wholehearted support given to foreign firms by their governments, created and environment in which American products could not compete. Later analysts blamed predatory corporate raiders who bought corporations, not to make them more competitive in the face of foreign competition, but rather to sell off the most lucrative divisions for huge profits.

Still later analysts blamed the American workforce, citing labour demands and poor productivity as the reasons American corporations have been unable to compete with Japanese and European firms. Finally, a few analysts even censured American consumers for their unpatriotic purchases of foreign goods. The blame actually lies with corporate management, which has made serious errors based on misconceptions about what it takes to be successful in the marketplace.

These missteps involve labour costs, production choices, and growth strategies. Even though labour costs typically account for less than 15% of a product‘s total cost, management has been quick to blame the costs of workers‘ wages for driving up prices, making American goods uncompetitive. As a result of attempts to minimize the cost of wages, American corporations have had trouble recruiting and retaining skilled workers.

The emphasis on cost minimization has also led to another blunder: an over-concentration on high technology products. Many foreign firms began by specializing in the mass production and sale of low technology products, gaining valuable experience and earning tremendous profits. Later, these corporations were able to break into high technology markets without much trouble; they simply applied their previous manufacturing experience and ample financial resources to the production of higher quality goods. American business has consistently ignored this very sensible approach.

The recent rash of corporate mergers and acquisitions in the U.S. has not helped the situation either. While American firms have neglected long-range planning and production, preferring instead to reap fast profits through mergers and acquisitions, foreign firms have been quick to exploit opportunities to ensure their domination over future markets by investing in the streamlining and modernization of their facilities.

Q. With which of the following general statements would the author most likely NOT agree?

Detailed Solution for EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 4 - Question 52

Mapping the Passage:

• Para 1 outlines the decline of American business.
• Para 2 and 3 list reasons that analysts have given for the decline and introduce the author‘s own theory for American business problems: incompetent management.
• Para 4 lists management‘s problems with labour.
• Para 5 explains the problem with America's fixation on high-tech products.
• Para 6 uses mergers to show that corporations lack long-range planning.

An inference question; make sure that you‘re clear on the main points of the author‘s argument. Remember that the author will agree with four, but will disagree with the correct answer. The three wrong answers could be easily eliminated, leading to option (B).
However, you can also reason that since management has suffered by cutting labour costs, cost-cutting doesn‘t always result in lowered prices.

EMRS Accountant Mock Test - 4 - Question 53

In the decades following World War II, American business had undisputed control of the world economy, producing goods of such high quality and low cost that foreign corporations were unable to compete. But in the mid-1960s the United States began to lose its advantage and by the 1980s American corporations lagged behind the competition in many industries. In the computer chip industry, for example, American corporations had lost most of both domestic and foreign markets by the early 1980s.

The first analysts to examine the decline of American business blamed the U.S. government. They argued that stringent governmental restrictions on the behaviour of American corporations, combined with the wholehearted support given to foreign firms by their governments, created and environment in which American products could not compete. Later analysts blamed predatory corporate raiders who bought corporations, not to make them more competitive in the face of foreign competition, but rather to sell off the most lucrative divisions for huge profits.

Still later analysts blamed the American workforce, citing labour demands and poor productivity as the reasons American corporations have been unable to compete with Japanese and European firms. Finally, a few analysts even censured American consumers for their unpatriotic purchases of foreign goods. The blame actually lies with corporate management, which has made serious errors based on misconceptions about what it takes to be successful in the marketplace.

These missteps involve labour costs, production choices, and growth strategies. Even though labour costs typically account for less than 15% of a product‘s total cost, management has been quick to blame the costs of workers‘ wages for driving up prices, making American goods uncompetitive. As a result of attempts to minimize the cost of wages, American corporations have had trouble recruiting and retaining skilled workers.

The emphasis on cost minimization has also led to another blunder: an over-concentration on high technology products. Many foreign firms began by specializing in the mass production and sale of low technology products, gaining valuable experience and earning tremendous profits. Later, these corporations were able to break into high technology markets without much trouble; they simply applied their previous manufacturing experience and ample financial resources to the production of higher quality goods. American business has consistently ignored this very sensible approach.

The recent rash of corporate mergers and acquisitions in the U.S. has not helped the situation either. While American firms have neglected long-range planning and production, preferring instead to reap fast profits through mergers and acquisitions, foreign firms have been quick to exploit opportunities to ensure their domination over future markets by investing in the streamlining and modernization of their facilities.