Test: Democracy In The Contemporary World Concepts - 1


10 Questions MCQ Test Polity and Constitution (Prelims) by IAS Masters | Test: Democracy In The Contemporary World Concepts - 1


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QUESTION: 1

“Workers of my homeland! I have faith in Chile and its future...... It will be a moral lesson to castigate felony, cowardice, and treason.” Who said this?

Solution:

Salvador Allende was addressing the workforce of his country, Chile, when he began his farewell speech amidst the military coup attack on his residence. These are his opening words, saying "Workers of my homeland , I have faith in Chile and its future....'' 

QUESTION: 2

When did the military coup take place in Chile?

Solution:

In June 1973, Salvador Allende appointed Augusto Pinochet as commander-in-chief of the Chilean Army. Allende was unaware that Pinochet was plotting with the CIA to remove him from power. On 11th September 1973, Pinochet led a military coup against Allende's government.

QUESTION: 3

Who led the military coup in Chile in 1973?

Solution:

In June 1973, Salvador Allende appointed Augusto Pinochet as commander-in-chief of the Chilean Army. Allende was unaware that Pinochet was plotting with the CIA to remove him from power. On 11th September 1973, Pinochet led a military coup against Allende's government.

QUESTION: 4

What is a referendum?

Solution:

A referendum is a direct vote in which an entire electorate is asked to either accept or reject a particular proposal. This may be adoption of a new constitution, a law or a specific governmental policy.

QUESTION: 5

Who was elected as President of Chile in Jan. 2006?

Solution:

On January 15, 2006, Michelle Bachelet became Chile's first woman president-elect. Bachelet came in first in the December 2005 election but did not manage to win a majority in that race, so she faced a runoff in January against her nearest opponent, a billionaire businessman, Sebastian Pinera. Earlier, she was a minister of defense in Chile, the first woman in Chile or all of Latin America to serve as a minister of defense.

QUESTION: 6

Which party ruled in Poland in 1980?

Solution:

Polish United workers party was ruling party in Poland in 1980.

On 14 August 1980 strike was observed by the workers of Lenin Shipyard in Poland due to the popularity of this moment an agreement took place between the workers led by the Lech walesa and the government.

After this famous incident and independent trade union solidarity was established in Poland.

Martial Law imposed by the General Jaruzelski in December 1981 and several members of solidarity were arrested.

Lech Walesa was elected as a president of Poland in 1990.

QUESTION: 7

The workers of Lenin Shipyard in the city of Gdansk went on a strike on

Solution:

Under the leadership of Lenin Shipyard on 14 Aug 1980 in the city of Gdansk (Poland) the workers of Lenin Shipyard set a strike against the policies of the government. Most of the people who participated in that strike were the workers who were removed from their jobs for no reason. After the struggle Lenin Shipyard signed a 21-Point agreement with the government which gave the right to the people to form independent trade union. The first trade union formed was *Solidarity* it was the most prominent trade union.

QUESTION: 8

Who was the leader of the Solidarity Movement in Poland?

Solution:

Lech Walesa, (born September 29, 1943, Popowo, near Wloclawek, Poland), labour activist who helped form and led (1980–90) communist Poland's first independent trade union, Solidarity. The charismatic leader of millions of Polish workers, he went on to become the president of Poland (1990–95).

QUESTION: 9

The three governments of Allende’s Chile, Walesa’s Poland and Michelle’s Chile had a

Solution:

Allende preferred government control on all big industries and the economy. Walesa wanted the market to be free of government interference. Michelle stands somewhere in the middle on this issue. Yet these three governments shared some basic features. Power was exercised by governments elected by the people and not by the army, unelected leaders or any external power. The people enjoyed some basic political freedoms.

QUESTION: 10

Which Revolution inspired many struggles for democracy all over Europe?

Solution:

The French Revolution inspired the ideas of a democracy, even though France did not establish a stable and secure democracy soon after the revolution.

The French revolution inspired many struggles for democracy all over Europe.

In Britain, the progress towards democracy was very slow, a series of political events reduced the power of monarchy and feudal lords throughout the eighteenth and the nineteenth centuries.