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Art And Culture - Art, Architecture And Literature - MCQ Online Test (1)


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30 Questions MCQ Test Art, Architecture and Literature by Shahid Ali | Art And Culture - Art, Architecture And Literature - MCQ Online Test (1)

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Art And Culture - Art, Architecture And Literature - MCQ Online Test (1) - Question 1

Which of the following techniques were used for decoration in Indo Islamic architecture?
1. Pietra dura
2. Tesselation

3. Dado panels
4. Jali work

Select the correct answer using the code givenbelow.

Detailed Solution for Art And Culture - Art, Architecture And Literature - MCQ Online Test (1) - Question 1

The Indo Islamic architecture was synthesis of architectural form of different religions. For decorative purposes it used:

  • Pietra-dura: Enlaying of precious and semiprecious stones on the walls of the building.
  • Tesselation: Decoration on walls and floors with mosaic.
  • Dado panel: Lower part of the interior wall finished differently from other walls.
  • Arbesque: Ornamental designs of lines, leaves and flowers.
  • Jali work: Ornamental screens with geometric figures like hexagon etc.
Art And Culture - Art, Architecture And Literature - MCQ Online Test (1) - Question 2

Who amongst the following kings was/were followers of Jainism?
1. Rajaraja I
2. Chandragupta Maurya
3. Mahendraverman Pallava I

Select the correct answer using the code givenbelow.

Detailed Solution for Art And Culture - Art, Architecture And Literature - MCQ Online Test (1) - Question 2
  • Rajaraja-I was the most powerful ruler of theChola Empire.He was a great conqueror. Hedefeated the Cheras, Pandyas and theChalukyas. He defeated Mahinda-V of Ceylonand built a Siva temple at Anuradhapuram.He even conquered Maldives.Thus the powerof Cholas extended beyond South India. Hewas a follower of Saivism. Devaram wascollected and codified only during his period.He constructed the Brahadeeswara Templeat Tanjore in 1010 A.D.
  • Chandragupta Maurya accepted Jainism andwent to Sravanbelgola to observe samlekhnain which a jain follower fast unto death to getliberated from the samsara.
  • Mahendravarman-I was the son of Simhavishnu. Conflicts arose between theChalukyas and the Pallavas during thisperiod. He lost the northern parts of thePallavaKingdom to Pulakesin II. Though afollower of Jainism, he embraced Saivism dueto Saint Appar's influence.He was a versatilescholar. Hetook up the titles likeChitrakarapuli and Vichitra Chitta for hisexcellence in building,painting and music. Heconstructed the cities of Mahendramangalamand Mahendravadi.
Art And Culture - Art, Architecture And Literature - MCQ Online Test (1) - Question 3

With reference to reforms in land revenue administration by Sher Shah , consider the following
statements:
1. The assessment of land revenue was done on the basis of measurement of the sown land and peasant could pay only in cash.
2. A cess was introduced in order to provide protection against famine and other natural calamities.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

Detailed Solution for Art And Culture - Art, Architecture And Literature - MCQ Online Test (1) - Question 3

The assessment of land revenue was done onthe basis of the measurement of the land,however the peasants were given option ofpaying in cash or kind. Hence, statement 1 is wrong.

Sher shah introduced a ces at rate of twoand a half seers per bigha in order to guardagainst famine and other natural calamities.Hence, statement 2 is correct.

Art And Culture - Art, Architecture And Literature - MCQ Online Test (1) - Question 4

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?
1. The USSR assisted in the building of the Bhilai Steel plant.
2. The British assisted in the building of the Bokaro Steel plant.

Detailed Solution for Art And Culture - Art, Architecture And Literature - MCQ Online Test (1) - Question 4

The Bhilai Steel Plant, located in Bhilai, in the Indian state of Chhattisgarh, was set up with the help of the USSR in 1955. Bokaro Steel Plant is located in the Bokaro district of Jharkhand. It is the fourth integrated public sector steel plant in India built with Soviet help in 1972 . 

Art And Culture - Art, Architecture And Literature - MCQ Online Test (1) - Question 5

With reference to Indian classical music, consider the following statements:

1. While there exists various styles of singing in Hindustani music, Carnatic music is sung only in one style.
2. Adherence to time or Samay concept is central feature of Hindustani music only.
3. The number of ragas in Carnatic music is more than those in Hindustani music.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

Detailed Solution for Art And Culture - Art, Architecture And Literature - MCQ Online Test (1) - Question 5
  • While Carnatic music is sung and performedin only one style. There exists various styleof singing and performing in Hindustanimusic. Each style of school is called a'gharana'. Hence, statement 1 is correct.
  • Unlike Hindustani music, Carnatic music doesnot adhere to time or Samay concept. In Hindustan classical music, each raag isrendered only at aspecific time. The time ofthe raag depends on the vaadi swar and theanuvadi saars. This is so as each raag withit's particular swar is more effective ifperformed at a particular time. It is supposedto enhance the ras(mood) of the raag.Hence, statement 2 is correct.
  • Carnatic Style employs Shrutis or semitonesto create a Raga and thus have many moreRagas than the Hindustani style. Carnaticragas differ from Hindustani ragas. Thenames of ragas are also different. However, there are some ragas which have the samescale as Hindustani ragas but have differentnames; such as Hindolam and Malkauns, Shankarabharanam and Bilawal. There is athird category of ragas like Hamsadhwani, Charukeshi, Kalavati etc. which areessentially Carnatic Ragas. They share thesame name, the same scale (same set ofnotes) but can be rendered in the two distinctively different Carnatic andHindustani styles. Hence, statement 3 iscorrect.
Art And Culture - Art, Architecture And Literature - MCQ Online Test (1) - Question 6

With reference to Kabir, consider the following statements:

1. He believed in monothestic religious system.
2. He advocated abolition of varnashrama.
3. He incorporated some of the principles of Islam in his teachings.
4. Bani, a collection of hyms and poems of Kabir gives an insight into Kabir's philosophy.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

Detailed Solution for Art And Culture - Art, Architecture And Literature - MCQ Online Test (1) - Question 6
  • Kabir belonged to the Nirguna tradition ofBhakti. Kabir preached a religious systemstrictly montheistic advocating abolition ofVarnaashrama, and casting doubt on theauthority of the Vedas and the other sacredbooks.
  • The school of Kabir sought to understandIslam and was sufficiently broad minded toincorporate some of its basic principles. Thatis why his references are available in the Sufiliterature as well. Abul Fazl called Kabir amuwahhid (monotheist). Hence statement 1,2 and 3 are correct.
  • Bijak is the authoritative account of kabir'sphilosophy, while Bani is collection of hymsand poems by Dadu, who was inspired byKabir. Hence, statement 4 is wrong.
Art And Culture - Art, Architecture And Literature - MCQ Online Test (1) - Question 7

Which among the following sites provide theearliest evidence of settled agriculture in the Indiansubcontinent?

Detailed Solution for Art And Culture - Art, Architecture And Literature - MCQ Online Test (1) - Question 7
  • Located in Kacchi plains of Baluchistan,Mehrgarh provides the earliest evidence ofsettled agriculture in the subcontinent andprobably south Asia. It is considered aprecurser to Indus Valley Civilization.
  • Additional Information : Dholavira, thelargest of all Indus settlements was characterized by a middle town evidences ofirrigation, findings of gold rings, etc.Kalibangan site is situated on banks of Ghagghar river in Rajasthan and provides evidence of earliest ploughed field in Indai inits proto-harappan phase.
Art And Culture - Art, Architecture And Literature - MCQ Online Test (1) - Question 8

Consider the following statements:

1. The branch of knowledge which studies coins is called numismatics.
2. The earliest coins called the punch marked were in silver and copper.
3. The punch-marked coins does not bear any inscription on them.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

Detailed Solution for Art And Culture - Art, Architecture And Literature - MCQ Online Test (1) - Question 8
  • The branch of knowledge which studies coinsis called numismatics. So statement 1 iscorrect.
  • Earliest coins, called punch marked, are insilver and copper. Some gold punch-markedcoins are also reported to have been found,but they are very rare and their authenticityis doubtful. Statement 2 is also correct.
  • The punch-marked coins are the earliestcoins of India and they bear only symbols onthem. Each symbol is punched separately,which sometimes overlap the another. Thesehave been found throughout the country,from Taxila to Magadha to Mysore or evenfurther south. They do not bear anyinscription, or legend on them. statement 3is also correct.
Art And Culture - Art, Architecture And Literature - MCQ Online Test (1) - Question 9

Consider the following statements:

1. Only the Kshatriyas and Brahmanas were entitled to upanayana ceremony.
2. The importance of Sabha and Samiti diminished during the later Vedic period.
3. Ashramas were well established during the Vedic times.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

Detailed Solution for Art And Culture - Art, Architecture And Literature - MCQ Online Test (1) - Question 9

Correct Answer :- b

Explanation:- (a) Brahmins, Kshatriyas, Vaishyas are 3 varnas were entitled to upanayana or investiture with the sacred thread according to the Vedic mantras.

 

(b)In later Vedic times popular assemblies lost importance, and royal power increased at their cost. The Vidatha completely disappeared. The Sabha and Samiti continued to hold the ground, but their character changed.At the lower levels, the administration was carried on by the village assemblies. The importance of the samiti and the sabha had diminished during the later vedic period.


(c) Ashramas or four stages of life were not well established in Vedic times.

Art And Culture - Art, Architecture And Literature - MCQ Online Test (1) - Question 10

Pallava king who defeated Pulakesin-II andadopted the tittle of Vatapikonda was:

Detailed Solution for Art And Culture - Art, Architecture And Literature - MCQ Online Test (1) - Question 10
  • Pulakesin II was defeated by Narsimhavarman I, son and successor of Mahendravarman I, After this victory Narasimhavarman adopted the tittle of Vatapikonda. He is also said to havedefeated the Cholas, the Cheras, the Pandyas and the Kalabhrs.
Art And Culture - Art, Architecture And Literature - MCQ Online Test (1) - Question 11

Consider the following pairs:
Site                   Age
1. Kurnool : Paleolithic
2. Bagor : Mesolithic
3. Mehrgarh : Neolithic

Which of the pairs given above is/are correctlymatched?

Detailed Solution for Art And Culture - Art, Architecture And Literature - MCQ Online Test (1) - Question 11

All are correctly matched.Kurnool - Traces of ash have been found herewhich suggests that people were familiarwith the use of fire.Bagor - This site provides the earliestevidence for the domestication of animals.Mehrgarh - Women and men learnt to growbarley and wheat, and rear sheep and goatsfor the first time in this area.

Art And Culture - Art, Architecture And Literature - MCQ Online Test (1) - Question 12

With reference to 'tantricism', which spread in India from about the sixth century A.D., consider the
following statements:
1. It admitted both women and shudras into its ranks.
2. It arose as a result of the large-scale admission of the aboriginal peoples in brahmanical society.
3. It permeated Buddhism and not Jainism.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

Detailed Solution for Art And Culture - Art, Architecture And Literature - MCQ Online Test (1) - Question 12
  • The most remarkable development in thereligious field in India from about the sixthcentury A.D was the spread of tantricism. Itarose as a result of the large-scale admissionof the aboriginal peoples in brahmanicalsociety. It laid great stress on the use ofmagic rituals. They were intended to satisfy the material desires of the devotees forphysical possessions and to cure the day-todaydiseases and injuries.
  • Tantricism admitted both women andshudras into its ranks. It permeated Jainism,Buddhism, Shaivism and Vaishnavism.
  • Therefore, only 1 and 2 are correct.
Art And Culture - Art, Architecture And Literature - MCQ Online Test (1) - Question 13

Which among the following is not a similar teaching preached by both Jainism and Buddhistphilosophy?

Detailed Solution for Art And Culture - Art, Architecture And Literature - MCQ Online Test (1) - Question 13
  • Buddhism did not follow absolute non voilence.
  • As per buddhist doctrine one can kill if it is necessary. Buddhist Monks even used to consumed meat.
Art And Culture - Art, Architecture And Literature - MCQ Online Test (1) - Question 14

Consider the following statements:

1. Varahmira discussed the concept of Trigonometry.
2. Aryabhatta was the first book to mention 'zero' as a number.
3. Brihasmita was the first text to mention surgery.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

Detailed Solution for Art And Culture - Art, Architecture And Literature - MCQ Online Test (1) - Question 14

Aryabhatta discovered algebra and alsoformulated the area of a triangle, which ledto the origin of Trigonometry.Varahamihira in Panch Siddhantika gives thesummary of five schools of astronomypresent in his time.Zero was discovered in India in the secondcentury BC. Brahmagupta’s BrahmasputaSiddhanta is the very first book thatmentioned ‘zero’ as a number, hence,Brahmagupta is considered as the man whofound zero.Varahamihira’s Brihatsamhita of the sixthcentury AD is a work in the field ofastronomy.

Art And Culture - Art, Architecture And Literature - MCQ Online Test (1) - Question 15

The seismic weaves helps in understanding the interior of earth. Which of the following about seismic waves is/are correct ?
1. P waves travel with fastest speed and are most destructive.
2. S waves cannot pass through liquid.
3. The surface waves (L) are analogous to light waves.
Select the correct answer using the codes given below.

Detailed Solution for Art And Culture - Art, Architecture And Literature - MCQ Online Test (1) - Question 15

2 only. Though P waves travel with fastest speed, they are not most destructive. L waves are most violent and destructive. It’s the S waves that are analogous to light waves because S waves are transverse in the nature and the particle moves at right angles to the direction of propagation.

Art And Culture - Art, Architecture And Literature - MCQ Online Test (1) - Question 16

With reference to Khajuraho temples, consider the following statements:
1. They are made of sandstone.
2. Both the interior and exterior walls are lavishly decorated with carvings.
3. Stellate plan style of temple making is followed

Select the correct answer using the code givenbelow.

Detailed Solution for Art And Culture - Art, Architecture And Literature - MCQ Online Test (1) - Question 16
  • Khajuraho temples were patronised byChandella dynasty. Some of the features ofthe temples include:
    • The temples are made of sandstone.
    • Both the interior and exterior walls are lavishly decorated with carvings.Temple walls of the templespatronized by Solanki rulers weredevoid of any carvings.
    • Panchayatan style of temple makingis followed. Stellate plan style,whereby shrines are led out in theshape of an intricately designed star,is followed in Hoysala School of art.
    • The temples were generally north oreast facing.
    • The temples were built on relatively high platforms.
  • Examples - Lakshamana Temple, KandariyaMahadeva Temple.
  • Some Jain temples are also found inKhajuraho.
Art And Culture - Art, Architecture And Literature - MCQ Online Test (1) - Question 17

Aarchaeologists discovered a six feet three inch statue in which country? 

Art And Culture - Art, Architecture And Literature - MCQ Online Test (1) - Question 18

Consider the following statements regarding Sangam literature:

1. Melkannakku contains the major work of narrative text written during this period.
2. Tolkapiyyam centres around a love story between a courtesan and a dignatory.
3. Silppadikaram deals with grammar and poetics.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

Detailed Solution for Art And Culture - Art, Architecture And Literature - MCQ Online Test (1) - Question 18
  • Major eighteen works were called asMelkannakku .18 Minor works were calledKilkanakku. Many of the social events arepresented in this literature like economy inancient time etc. showing social evolution.Tolkapiyyam, Silppadikaram and Manimeklaiwere also written during this time.
  • Tolkkappiyam deals with grammar andPoetics.
  • Silappadikarm deals with love story in whicha dignatory called Kovalan prefers acourtesan called Madhavi of kaveripattanamto his noble wedded wife Kannagi andManimekalai is another story which dealswith adventures of the daughter born out ofunion of Kovalan and Madhavi.
Art And Culture - Art, Architecture And Literature - MCQ Online Test (1) - Question 19

With reference to Sufi movement in India, consider the following statements:

1. The Ba-shara tradition could not become significant in India as it followed the Islamic law (sharia).
2. Chishti and Suharwadi silsilahs were part of Ba- shara tradition.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

Detailed Solution for Art And Culture - Art, Architecture And Literature - MCQ Online Test (1) - Question 19
  • The sufi orders are broadly divided into two:Ba-shara, that is, those which followed theIslamic law(shara) and be-shara, that is thosewhich were not bound by it. Both types oforders were significant in India, the laterbeing followed more by wandering saints.Although the saints didn't established anorder some of them became figures of populrveneration for Both Hindus and Muslims.
  • Of the ba-shara movements, two acquiredsignificant influence. These were Chisti andSuharwadi silsilahs. The Chisti andSuharwardi silsilahs which followed Ba-sharatradition acquired significance influence inIndia. Hence, statement 1 is wrong andstatement 2 is correct.
Art And Culture - Art, Architecture And Literature - MCQ Online Test (1) - Question 20

With reference to Virashaiva tradition in medieval India, consider the following statements:

1. The movement was led by a Brahmana named Basavanna.
2. The movement opposed worship of Shiva in form of linga.
3. The movement encouraged remarriage of widows.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

Detailed Solution for Art And Culture - Art, Architecture And Literature - MCQ Online Test (1) - Question 20
  • The movement that emerged in Karnataka in twelfth century was led by a brahamananamed Basavanna. Hence, statement 1 iscorrect.
  • The followers of the movement known as Virashaivas or Lingayats worship Shiva in hismanifestation as a linga. Hence, statement 2is wrong.
  • The Lingayats encouraged certains practicesthat were disapproved in the Dharmashastra,such as post- puberty marriage and theremarriage of widows. Hence, statement 3 is correct.
Art And Culture - Art, Architecture And Literature - MCQ Online Test (1) - Question 21

With reference to the 'Amara Nayaka' officers during Vijayanagar empire, consider the following
statements:

1. The title of Amara Nayakas, was given to military commanders only.
2. They were responsible for collection of taxes from peasants.
3. They had to maintain a stipulated contingent of horses and elephants.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

Detailed Solution for Art And Culture - Art, Architecture And Literature - MCQ Online Test (1) - Question 21
  • The system of Amara Nayakas was majorpolitical innovation of the Vijayanagaraempire. The amara nayakas were militarycommanders who were given territories togovern by the raya. Hence, statement 1 iscorrect.
  • They collected taxes and other dues from the peasants, craftpersons and traders in thearea. They retained part of the revenue forpersonnel use and for maintaining astipulated contingent of horses and elephants.
  • During the course of the seventeenthcentury, many of these nayaks establishedindependent kingdoms. This hastened thecollapse of the central imperial structure.Hence, statement 4 is correct.
Art And Culture - Art, Architecture And Literature - MCQ Online Test (1) - Question 22

Consider the following statements:

1. Under the dahsala system of Akbar, the land revenue from a particular land was fixed for ten years.
2. Under the ghalla- bakshi system, the produce from land was divided between the peasants and the state in fixed proportion.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

Detailed Solution for Art And Culture - Art, Architecture And Literature - MCQ Online Test (1) - Question 22
  • Under the dahsala system , the averageproduce of different crops as well as theaverage prices prevailing over the lastten(dah) years were calculated. The revenuewas not fixed for ten years. Hence,statement 1 is wrong.
  • Under the ghalla- bakshi system, the producefrom land was divided between the peasantsand the state in fixed proportion.
Art And Culture - Art, Architecture And Literature - MCQ Online Test (1) - Question 23

Consider the following statements with regard to the life spent by Hsuan Tsang, a Chinese traveller in
India:

1. He visited India during the rule of Chandragupta II.
2. He studied Buddhism at Taxila University.
3. He translated Buddhist texts written in Sanskrit into Chinese.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

Detailed Solution for Art And Culture - Art, Architecture And Literature - MCQ Online Test (1) - Question 23
  • Statement 1 and 2 are incorrect becauseHsuan Tsang visited during Harsha's rule . Hecame to India to study in the BuddhistUniversity of Nalanda and to collect Buddhisttexts from India. Under his influence, Harshabecame supporter of Buddhism. WhereasChandragupta II period or during Gupta Age,Buddhism no longer received royalpatronage and the Chinese traveller whovisited was Fa-Hsien . Chandraguptareceived education at Taxila University.Hence,Statement 3 is correct.
  • Hsuan Tsang translated mostly MahayanaBuddhist works written in Sanskrit inChinese.
Art And Culture - Art, Architecture And Literature - MCQ Online Test (1) - Question 24

With which school of Indian philosophy the'Theory of karma' is associated?

Detailed Solution for Art And Culture - Art, Architecture And Literature - MCQ Online Test (1) - Question 24

Theory of karma means that a person in hispresent birth has to bear the consequencesof his actions performed in his previous birth. It is associated with Vedanta chool ofphilosphy.

Art And Culture - Art, Architecture And Literature - MCQ Online Test (1) - Question 25

Consider the following statements about shrines of the temple in earlier times:
1. Sandhara type were shrines without pradakshinapatha.
2. Nirandhara type were shrines with pradakshinapatha.
3. Sarvatobhadra were shrines which can be accessed from all sides.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

Detailed Solution for Art And Culture - Art, Architecture And Literature - MCQ Online Test (1) - Question 25
  • "Pradakshinapatha refers to thecircumbulatory or pathway around the mainshrine. In earlier temple architecture,basically in Nagara style there were threekinds of shrines which were classified on thebasis of patway around the main shrine.
  • In sandhara type there were nopradakshinapath around the main shrinewhereas in nirandhara type there is pathwayto do 'parikrama' around the main shrine.
  • In saravatobhadra the shrine can beaccessed from all sides as it has multiplegods and godesses facing different direction,there is particular sequence for placing thesedeities in circular manner. Example ofsarvatobhadra shrine is Vishnu temple atDeogarh".
  • Hence D is the correct answer.
Art And Culture - Art, Architecture And Literature - MCQ Online Test (1) - Question 26

With reference to Buddhist literature, consider the following statements:

1. Milindapanho is a non-canonical Buddhist literature.
2. Jataka tales are canonical buddhist literature.
3. Therigatha literature describes the monk's experience of renunciation.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

Detailed Solution for Art And Culture - Art, Architecture And Literature - MCQ Online Test (1) - Question 26
  • The Milindapanho, Buddhist text which datesfrom approximately 100 BC is record ofdialogue between Indo-Greek king Milinda'squestions on Buddhism to the sageNagasena therefore it is non-canonical.
  • Canonical literature are the one which laydown the basic tenets of religion or sect.
  • There stories of Buddha in Jataka talescontains the teachings and principles of Buddhism there fore it is canonical. It is thepart of Suttapitaka.
  • Therigatha literature contains the songs forBuddhist nuns and one of the earliestliterature created by women.
  • Suttapitaka contains teachings by Buddhahimself in a dialogue form.
Art And Culture - Art, Architecture And Literature - MCQ Online Test (1) - Question 27

With reference to Akbar's Rajput policy, consider the following statements:
1. In pursuance of his rajput policy, Akbar abolished jizyah and extended pilgrimage tax to muslims also.
2. Akbar not only inducted Rajput rajas into Mughal administration but also treated them on par with Mughal officials.
3. Akbar treated matrimonial alliances with Rajput rajas as test of loyalty and submission.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

Detailed Solution for Art And Culture - Art, Architecture And Literature - MCQ Online Test (1) - Question 27
  • Akbar abolished both jizyah and pilgrimagetax. Hence, statement 1 is wrong.
  • Akbar treated Rajput and Mughal officialsequally for e.g Man Singh and Bhagwant Dasrose to mansab ranks of 7000 and 5000respectively. Hence, statement 2 is correct.
  • Akbar did not treat matrimonial alliances astest of loyalty and submission. Nomatrimonial relations were established withthe Hadas of Ranthambhor, yet Surjan Hadawas allotted jagirs in Garh-Katanga, served inGujarat and elsewhere and rose to the rank2000. Again, when the rulers of Sirohi and Banswara submitted, no matrimonialrelations were established with them. Neitherwere the matrimonial alliances forced uponthe Rajputs, it was more the force ofcircumstances and a realisation on the partof the rajas the benefits these marriagesmight confer on them.
  • Hence, statement 3 is wrong.
Art And Culture - Art, Architecture And Literature - MCQ Online Test (1) - Question 28

Consider the following pairs:
New Year Festival          State
1. Ugadi                    : Andhra Pradesh
2. Losar                    : Arunanchal Pradesh
3. Gudi Padwa         : Maharashtra
4. Vishu                    : Manipur

Which of the pairs given above is/are correctly matched?

Detailed Solution for Art And Culture - Art, Architecture And Literature - MCQ Online Test (1) - Question 28
  • Ugadi is celebrated as New Year’s Day inKarnataka and Andhra Pradesh. The name Ugadi is derived from the name “Yuga Adi”, which means ‘the beginning of a new age’. Itis celebrated on the first day of the Hindumonth Chaitra, which marks the onset ofspring.
  • The festival of Losar marks the beginning of New Year in Ladakh region of Jammu andKashmir. Losar is Tibetan word for ‘newyear’.
  • Gudi Padwa is celebrated as New Year’s Dayin Maharashtra. It is celebrated on the sameday as Ugadi i.e., the first day of the month Chaitra. Lord Brahma is worshipped on thisday and the gudi, Brahma’s flag (also calledBrahmadhvaj), is hoisted in every house as asymbolic representation of Rama’s victoryover Ravana.
  • Vishu is celebrated as New Year’s Day inKerala. It is celebrated on the first day of theMalayalam month of Medam (mid-April onthe Gregorian calendar). Offerings to thedivine called Vishukanni are neatly arrangedon the eve of the festival and consist of rice,linen, cucumber, betel leaves, holy texts,coins and yellow flowers called konna (Cassiafistula). It is considered auspicious to see theVishukanni first thing in the morning. On thisday, people read the Ramayana and go totemples, Hindu places of worship. Childrenburst crackers, people wear new clothes andprepare special dishes and the elders of thehouse give out money to the children,servants and tenants. The money given iscalled Vishukaineetam.
Art And Culture - Art, Architecture And Literature - MCQ Online Test (1) - Question 29

With reference to Bhagvatism, consider the following statements:

1. It supported animal sacrifices in line with vedic culture.
2. There was no place for tribal gods in bhagvatism.

Select the correct answer using the code givenbelow.

Detailed Solution for Art And Culture - Art, Architecture And Literature - MCQ Online Test (1) - Question 29

Bhagvatism originated in post Maurya times. Vishnu was a minor god in Vedic times who represented sun and the fertility cult. Laterhe was merged with a non-Vedic tribal god Narayana and came to be known as Narayan-Vishnu. Narayan was called bhagavat and hisworshippers were called bhagvatas. AlsoVishnu came to be identical with a legendaryhero of the Vrishni tribe of western Indiaknown as Krishna-Vasudeva. By 200 B.C.three streams of worshippers and their godsmerged into one and resulted into creation of Bhagavatism or Vaishanavism. Bhagvatism was marked by bhakti and ahimsa. Theahimsa doctrine suited the agriculturalsociety, and was in keeping with the old cultof life giving fertility associated with vishnu.

Art And Culture - Art, Architecture And Literature - MCQ Online Test (1) - Question 30

Lord Shiva's image is sometime shown withthree heads like the image of Maheshmurti atElephanta caves. It symbolizes what?

Detailed Solution for Art And Culture - Art, Architecture And Literature - MCQ Online Test (1) - Question 30

The three faces of Maheshmurti in Elephantacave are with different expressions on theirfaces and different crowns as per their iconographic prescription. The central headis the main Shiva in a calm, peaceful andmeditating state. In the left of main Shivathere is the face of Uma with all femininecharacters. The right face is of Bhairavclearly shown in profile in anger with bulgingeyes and moustache.

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