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Art And Culture - Art, Architecture And Literature - Practice Test (1)


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30 Questions MCQ Test Art, Architecture and Literature by Shahid Ali | Art And Culture - Art, Architecture And Literature - Practice Test (1)

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Art And Culture - Art, Architecture And Literature - Practice Test (1) - Question 1

With reference to Harappan civilization, consider the following statements:

1. The citadels were inhabited by the common people.
2. The Great Bath was used for ritual bathing and it was made up of stone.
3. The roads were laid out along a grid pattern.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

Detailed Solution for Art And Culture - Art, Architecture And Literature - Practice Test (1) - Question 1

The Citadels or Acropolis in Harappan civilization were built in the west part of thecity. It was occupied by the members of the ruling class. Below the citadel in each city laya lower town containing brick houses, which were inhabited by the common people. Great Bath was situated in the citadel mound and it served ritual bathing. It was built of burnt bricks. One of the most distinctive features of Harappan cities was the carefully planned drainage system. Roads and streets were laid out along an approximate "grid" pattern,intersecting at right angles. Thus only statement 3 is correct.

Art And Culture - Art, Architecture And Literature - Practice Test (1) - Question 2

Great prominence is given in the Rig Veda to two popular assemblies called 'Sabha' and 'Samiti' which
seem to have formed an essential feature of the government. In this context, which of the statements
is/are correct?
1. The Sabha, which mainly dealt with policy decisions and political business, included common people.
2. The Samiti, less political in character, was a more select body of the elders or nobles.

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

Detailed Solution for Art And Culture - Art, Architecture And Literature - Practice Test (1) - Question 2

RigVeda to two popular assemblies called sabha and samiti which seem to have formed an essential feature of the government it wasthe samiti, which mainly dealt with policy decisions and political business, included common people. So statement 1 is incorrect. The sabha, less political in character, was amore select body of the Elders or Nobles. It was through these two assemblies that the will of the people on important matters of the rashtra was expressed. So statement 2 is incorrect also.

Art And Culture - Art, Architecture And Literature - Practice Test (1) - Question 3

With reference to administration in Chola Empire, consider the following statements:

1. Nadu was the smallest unit of administration in Chola empire.
2. The villages in Chola empire practiced a system of self-government.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

Detailed Solution for Art And Culture - Art, Architecture And Literature - Practice Test (1) - Question 3

Ur, a settlement of peasants was thes mallest unit of administration in Chola empire. Nadu was group of villages and formed a larger unit. Hence, Statement 1 is wrong.

The villages in Chola empire enjoyed self government,the village assemblies like mahasabha performed various  administrative functions including dispensing justice and collecting taxes. They could also settle newlands and exercise ownership rights over them. Hence, statement 2 is correct.

Art And Culture - Art, Architecture And Literature - Practice Test (1) - Question 4

In medieval India, 'khuts' and 'muqaddams' are used in context of:

Detailed Solution for Art And Culture - Art, Architecture And Literature - Practice Test (1) - Question 4

Muqaddams referred to village headmen and khuts were smaller landlord who enjoyed a high standard of life than ordinary peasants during Sultanate period.

Art And Culture - Art, Architecture And Literature - Practice Test (1) - Question 5

With reference to Naqshbandi school of Sufi movement in India, consider the following statements:

1. The school propounded the concept of unity of God and created beings.
2. The school opposed the use of music in religious gatherings and visiting tombs of saints.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

Detailed Solution for Art And Culture - Art, Architecture And Literature - Practice Test (1) - Question 5
  • The Naqshbandi school of Sufis was an orthodox and revivalist movement which opposed the concept of unity of God and created beings. Hence, statement 1 is wrong.
  • The school also opposed all those practices which were due to the influence of Hinduism such as the use of music in religious gatherings, excessive meditation, visiting tombs of saints etc. Hence, statement 2 is correct.
Art And Culture - Art, Architecture And Literature - Practice Test (1) - Question 6

In Buddhism, the analogy of the "flame of a lampwhich kindles other lamp before gettingextinguished" is used to explain?

Detailed Solution for Art And Culture - Art, Architecture And Literature - Practice Test (1) - Question 6
  • The analogy of flame of a lamp which kindles other lamp before being extinguished was used to explain the process of transmigration of soul, which was different from other contemporary philosophies.
  • In other religion and philosophy something is being transferred from one life to another. where as, in Buddhism transmigration nothing is transferred but, a new life arises as a chain of events.
Art And Culture - Art, Architecture And Literature - Practice Test (1) - Question 7

Withdrawal of royal patronage to painting under Aurangzeb led to the dispersal of artists to different places and emergence of distinct schools of painting.  Which among the following are such schools?
1. Pala
2. Rajasthani
3. Pahari
4. Apabhramsa

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

Detailed Solution for Art And Culture - Art, Architecture And Literature - Practice Test (1) - Question 7

During medieval period, withdrawal of royal patronage to painting under Aurangzeb led to the dispersal of artists to different places in the country. This helped in the development of the art of painting in Rajasthan and the Punjab hills giving rise to distinct schools of paintings - Rajasthani and Pahari Schools. Pala and Apabhramsa areancient schools of miniature painting.

Art And Culture - Art, Architecture And Literature - Practice Test (1) - Question 8

With reference to Alvars and Nayanars consider the following statements:

1. They used Tamil for promoting their messages and singing hymns in praise of God.
2. They did not believe in caste based discrimination then prevailing in the Hindu society.
3. The women saints renounced their social obligations and became nuns.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

Detailed Solution for Art And Culture - Art, Architecture And Literature - Practice Test (1) - Question 8
  • Some of the earliest bhakti movements were led by the Alvars (literally, those who are―immersed in devotion to Vishnu) and Nayanars (literally, leaders who werede votees of Shiva). They travelled from place to place singing hymns in Tamil in praise of their gods. During their travels the Alvarsand Nayanars identified certain shrines as abodes of their chosen deities. Very often large temples were later built at these sacred places.
  • These developed as centres of pilgrimage. Singing compositions of these poet-saints became part of temple rituals in these shrines, as did worship of the saints‘  images.
  • The most striking features of these traditions was the presence of women like Andal was a women Alvar and Karaikkkal Ammaiyar (Nayanar), a devotee of Shiva , adopted the path of extrame ascetism in order to attainher goal. These women renounced their social obligations , but did not join an alternative order or become nuns. Hence, only 3rd statement is incorrect.
Art And Culture - Art, Architecture And Literature - Practice Test (1) - Question 9

With reference to 'Shrenis'(guilds), which were associations formed by crafts persons and merchants, consider the following statements:

1. They find reference in Mandasore stone inscription.
2. They provided training, procured raw material and distributed the finished product.

3. They also served as banks.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

Detailed Solution for Art And Culture - Art, Architecture And Literature - Practice Test (1) - Question 9
  • Many crafts persons and merchants formed associations known as shrenis. They provided training, procured raw material and distributed the finished product. They also served as banks, where rich men and women deposited money. This was invested, and part of the interest was returned or used to support religious institutions such as monasteries.
  • Mandasor stone inscription (Madhya Pradesh) provides insights into nature of theseshrenis.
Art And Culture - Art, Architecture And Literature - Practice Test (1) - Question 10

With reference to India's tradition and culture, what is 'Lai Haraoba'?

Detailed Solution for Art And Culture - Art, Architecture And Literature - Practice Test (1) - Question 10

Lai Haraoba is one of the main festival performed in Manipur which has its roots inthe pre-Vaishnavite period. Lai Haraoba is the earliest form of dance which forms thebasis of all stylised dances in Manipur. Literally meaning - the merry making of the gods, it is performed as a ceremonial offering of song and dance. The principal performers are the maibas and maibis (priests and priestesses) who re-enact the theme of the creation of the world.

Art And Culture - Art, Architecture And Literature - Practice Test (1) - Question 11

With reference to the Manipuri dance, consider the following statements:

1. The cult of Radha and Krishna, particularly the raslila, is central to its central theme.
2. It incorporates both tandava and lasya.
3. It is based on the devotional songs composed by Tulsidas and Kabir.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

Detailed Solution for Art And Culture - Art, Architecture And Literature - Practice Test (1) - Question 11
  • Manipuri dance incorporates both the tandava and lasya. The cult of Radha and Krishna, particularly the raslila, is central toits themes but the dances, unusually, incorporate the characteristic cymbals (kartalor manjira) and double-headed drum (pungor Manipuri mrdanga) of sankirtan into thevisual performance.
  • The lyrics used in Manipuri are usually from the classical poetry of Jayadeva, Vidyapati, Chandidas, Govindadas or Gyandas and maybe in Sanskrit, Maithili, Brij Bhasha or others.
  • Hence, only statements 1 and 2 are correct.
Art And Culture - Art, Architecture And Literature - Practice Test (1) - Question 12

Consider the following pairs:

1. Humayun Nama : Gulbadan Begum
2. Alamgir Nama : Muhammad Kazim
3. Akbar Nama : Abul Fazl

Which of the pairs given above is/are correct?

Detailed Solution for Art And Culture - Art, Architecture And Literature - Practice Test (1) - Question 12
  • Akbar commissioned Gulbadan Begum( sister of Humayun) to chronicle the story of his father Humayun. It was written in Persian.
  • Alamgir Nama , a history of the first 10 years of Aurangzeb's reign was compiled by Muhammad Kazim.
  • Akbar Nama, a history of Akbar's reign was written by Abul Fazl.
Art And Culture - Art, Architecture And Literature - Practice Test (1) - Question 13

Consider the following statements regarding Inscriptions:

1. The study of development of scripts is called epigraphy.
2. The study of inscriptions is called palaeography.
3. An inscription is not free from later interpolations.

Which of the statement given above is/are notcorrect?

Detailed Solution for Art And Culture - Art, Architecture And Literature - Practice Test (1) - Question 13

Epigraphy "inscription", is the study of inscriptions, or epigraphs, as writing; it is the science of identifying graphemes, clarifying their meanings, classifying their uses according to dates and cultural contexts, and drawing conclusions about the writing and the writers.
 

Palaeography is the study of ancient and historical handwritings.
The inscriptions are the most important and reliable sources of Indian history. Inscriptions are the contemporary documents those are free from later interpolations as it is impossible to add something to it at a later period.

Art And Culture - Art, Architecture And Literature - Practice Test (1) - Question 14

With reference to the reasons behind the decline of the Vijaynagara Empire, consider the following statements:
1. Strain in the imperial structure following the death of Krishnadeva Raya.
2. Rebelliousness amongst military chiefs.
3. Invasion by the Mughals.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

Detailed Solution for Art And Culture - Art, Architecture And Literature - Practice Test (1) - Question 14
  • Statement 3 is incorrect because till that date Mughal had not expanded their Empire in the South.
  • Strain began to show within the imperial structure following Krishnadeva Raya‘s death in 1529. His successors were troubled by rebellious nayakas or military chiefs. By 1542 control at the centre had shifted to another ruling lineage, that of the Aravidu, which remained in power till the end of the seventeenth century. During this period, as indeed earlier, the military ambitions of the rulers of Vijayanagara as well as those of the Deccan Sultanates resulted in shifting alignments. Eventually this led to an alliance of the Sultanates against Vijayanagara.
Art And Culture - Art, Architecture And Literature - Practice Test (1) - Question 15

Consider the following pairs:
Mahajanapads :  Capital
1. Vajji : Vaishali
2. Chedi : Potana
3. Ashmaka : Shuktimati

Which of the pairs given above is/are correctly matched?

Detailed Solution for Art And Culture - Art, Architecture And Literature - Practice Test (1) - Question 15
  • Vajji (a confederacy of eight republican clans, situated to the north of the river Ganga in Bihar) with its capital, Vaishali, so pair 1 is correct.
  • Chedi, (covering the modern Bundelkhand area with its capital at Shuktimati), so pair 2 is incorrect.
  • Ashmaka (between the rivers Narmada' and Godavari) with its capital at Potana, so pair 3 is also incorrect
Art And Culture - Art, Architecture And Literature - Practice Test (1) - Question 16

With reference to society during Rigvedic age, consider the following statements:

1. The society was classified on the basis of profession and not on the basis of birth.
2. The occupations had then become hereditary.
3. The members of the same family took same professions and thus belonged to same varnas.

Which of the statements given below is/are correct?

Detailed Solution for Art And Culture - Art, Architecture And Literature - Practice Test (1) - Question 16

Solution : 

The correct option is Option B.

  • The RigVedic society comprised four varnas,namely Brahmana, Kshatriya, Vaishya and Shudra. This classification of society was based on the occupation of individuals. So, statement 1 is correct.

  • The teacher and priests were called Brahmanas; rulers and administrator kshatriyas; farmers, merchants and bankers vaisyas; and artisan and labourers as sudras. These vocations were followed by persons according to their ability and liking, and the occupations had not become hereditary as they become later on. So statement 2 is incorrect.

  • Members of the same family took to different professions and belonged to different varnas.So, statement 3 is also incorrect.

Art And Culture - Art, Architecture And Literature - Practice Test (1) - Question 17

In our ancient texts, 'Brahma Gupta Sidhanta' isoften mentioned in the context of mathematics andscience. What is the text essentially about?

Detailed Solution for Art And Culture - Art, Architecture And Literature - Practice Test (1) - Question 17

It was written by Brahmagupta, it deals with zero number, denotes positive numbers as fortune and negative numbers as debt.

Art And Culture - Art, Architecture And Literature - Practice Test (1) - Question 18

With reference to Akbar’s idea of 'Sulh-i kul', consider the following statements:

1. It focused on honesty, justice, peace which was universally applicable.
2. This principle was also followed by Jahangir and Shah Jahan.

Which of the above statements is/are not correct?

Detailed Solution for Art And Culture - Art, Architecture And Literature - Practice Test (1) - Question 18

Sulh-i kul is an Arabic term literally meaning “peace with all,” “universal peace,” or “absolute peace,” drawn from a Sufi mystic principle.
The new religion developed by Akbar known as Din-i-Ilahi has its genesis in Sulh-i-kul doctrine.
Akbar took the Sufi mystic notion of sulh-i-kul and transformed it to become a principle denoting amity- within a culturally pluralistic India.

Art And Culture - Art, Architecture And Literature - Practice Test (1) - Question 19

Which of the following fashion accessories were used by the people of Indus valley civilization?
1. Earring
2. Necklace
3. Lipstick
4. Facepowder
5. Eyeliner

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

Detailed Solution for Art And Culture - Art, Architecture And Literature - Practice Test (1) - Question 19
  • From archeological finds it appears that the people of Indus valley were fashion conscious.
  • Use of earring, Necklace, Lipstic, Face powder (cinnabar used for this), collyrium (eyeliner), Necklace and anklets were used by them.
  • Different hairstyles and beard was also invogue.
Art And Culture - Art, Architecture And Literature - Practice Test (1) - Question 20

Which of the following Buddhist doctrines was/were taught in the Nalanda University?
1. Theravada
2. Mahayana
3. Vajrayana

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

Detailed Solution for Art And Culture - Art, Architecture And Literature - Practice Test (1) - Question 20
  • Nalanda university was one of the famous ancient university, which drew people fromall across the parts of South East Asia, china etc.
  • In Nalanda university, all the three form of Buddhist doctrines were taught to the students with a strict entrance examination for students.
  • Theravada: Theravada means the "Doctrine of the Elders," is the school of Buddhism that draws its scriptural inspiration from the Tipitaka.
  • Mahayana: also known as the "great vehicle". They believed in the original teaching of Buddha without making any interpretations to it.
  • Vajrayana: They made Buddhism tantracised by inclusion of tara with boddhi satvas.
Art And Culture - Art, Architecture And Literature - Practice Test (1) - Question 21

Consider the following statements regarding position of women in the Gupta age:

1. Arsa and Asura forms of marriage became popular.
2. Widows could not marry again.
3. Women had no right to real property.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

Detailed Solution for Art And Culture - Art, Architecture And Literature - Practice Test (1) - Question 21
  • The deterioration in the position of women is quite perceptible in the Gupta age. The Svayamvara and Gandharva forms of marriage fell into disuse and the Arsa and Asura forms in which the bride had to be given with a price became popular.
  • Widows could not marry again.
  • Women had no right to real property.
  • Therefore, all the given statements are correct.
Art And Culture - Art, Architecture And Literature - Practice Test (1) - Question 22

With reference to the history of ancient South India, consider the following statements regarding Pandya kingdom?

1. The Pandyas occupied the delta of the Kaveri river and the adjoining region.
2. Under the Pandyas, the capital Madurai and port city Korkai were great centres of trade and commerce.
3. Pandyan kings sent embassies to the Roman emperor.

Select the correct answer using the code given below.

Detailed Solution for Art And Culture - Art, Architecture And Literature - Practice Test (1) - Question 22
  • The Pandya kingdom occupied roughly the region of the modern districts of Tirunelveli, Ramnad and Madurai in Tamil Nadu. The capital of the kingdom was Madurai, The. Cholas occupied the delta of the Kaveri riverand the adjoining region So statement 1 is incorrect.
  • Under the Pandyas, the capital Madurai and port city Korkai were great centres of trade and commerce. So statement 2 is correct. The Pandyan kingdom was very wealthy and prosperous. The traders profited from trade with the Roman Empire. Pandya kings evensent embassies to the Roman emperor Augustus and Trojan. So statement 3 is also correct.
Art And Culture - Art, Architecture And Literature - Practice Test (1) - Question 23

The Kutchi New Year is celebrated as which of the following?

Detailed Solution for Art And Culture - Art, Architecture And Literature - Practice Test (1) - Question 23

Kutchi community celebrates its New Year on Aashadhi Beej, which falls in month of Ashada (July / August).

Art And Culture - Art, Architecture And Literature - Practice Test (1) - Question 24

With reference to Burial practices in stone copper culture, consider the following statements:

1. Burying of domestic dogs along with their masters was widely prevalent in Neolithic culture.
2. In eastern India, fractional burial was prevalent.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

Detailed Solution for Art And Culture - Art, Architecture And Literature - Practice Test (1) - Question 24

In the North West, the Kashmiri neolithic culture was distinguished by its dwelling pits, range of ceramics and variety of stone and bone tools and complete absence of the microliths. An important site is that of Burzahom, which means 'the place of birch' (North West of Srinagar). The placing of domestic dogs in the graves of the masters do not seem to be the practice with neolithic people in any other part of India. Burial practices were different in the different regions of the ancient India. Both the statements are correct. However almost complete extended burial practice obtainedin western India. In southern India it used tobe buried in east-west position. In fractional burial bones are found to be piled up.

Art And Culture - Art, Architecture And Literature - Practice Test (1) - Question 25

With reference to administration during Delhi Sultanate period, consider the following statements
regarding 'bandagans':

1. They were special slaves bought by Sultans from Persia for military services.
2. They were never appointed as generals and governors.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

Detailed Solution for Art And Culture - Art, Architecture And Literature - Practice Test (1) - Question 25

The consolidation of a kingdom as vast as the Delhi Sultanate needed reliable governors and administrators. Rather than appointing aristocrats and landed chief tainsas governors, the early Delhi. Sultans, especially Iltutmish, favoured their special slaves purchased for military service, called bandagan in Persian. They were carefully trained to man some of the most important political offices in the kingdom. Since they were totally dependent upon their master, the Sultan could trust and rely upon them.

Art And Culture - Art, Architecture And Literature - Practice Test (1) - Question 26

Inscription of which of the following ruler(s) can be found on Allahabad Pillar?
1. Ashoka
2. Samudragupta
3. Jahangir

Select the correct answer using the code givenbelow.

Detailed Solution for Art And Culture - Art, Architecture And Literature - Practice Test (1) - Question 26
  • There are three principal inscriptions on the Allahabad Pillar. It was first erected by Ashoka for the purpose of inscribing his edicts regarding the propagation of Buddhism.
  • It was next made use of by Samudragupta and is the most important historical document of the classical Gupta age. Iteulogizes the achievements, conquests and personality of Samudragupta. It was composed by Harishena.
  • It was then used by Jahangir tocommemorate his accession to the throne.
  • At some point of time, the pillar was movedfrom its original location and installed within Akbar's Allahabad Fort in Allahabad, UttarPradesh.
  • Therefore, d is the correct answer.
Art And Culture - Art, Architecture And Literature - Practice Test (1) - Question 27

Consider the following statements in reference to Odissi dance:

1. It was an essentially temple dance where the dancers sought liberation or moksha through the medium of this dance.
2. Maharis and gotiupuas were trained to perform this dance in the temple.
3. Unlike Kathakali, in this dance form there is no role of facial expressions.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

Detailed Solution for Art And Culture - Art, Architecture And Literature - Practice Test (1) - Question 27
  • For centuries maharis were the chief repositories of this dance. The maharis, who were originally temple dancers came to be employed in royal courts which resulted in the degeneration of the art form. Around this time, a class of boys called gotipuas were trained in the art, they danced in the temples and also for general entertainment. Many of today's gurus of this style belong to the gotipua tradition.
  • Facial expressions, hand gestures and body movements are used to suggest a certain feeling, an emotion or one of the nine rasas.
Art And Culture - Art, Architecture And Literature - Practice Test (1) - Question 28

In the context of Ancient India, What does the term Chakravartin imply?

Detailed Solution for Art And Culture - Art, Architecture And Literature - Practice Test (1) - Question 28

Chakravartin were the Kings who tried to establish their authority from the Himalayas to down south and from east to western India. Ashoka and Samudragupta are often given this title as they extended their reach to very large areas.

Art And Culture - Art, Architecture And Literature - Practice Test (1) - Question 29

Consider the following statements:

1. The subject matter of Ajanta paintings is almost exclusively Buddhist.
2. Both Hindu and Buddhist literature refer to paintings of various types.
3. Mural paintings are mostly secular in nature.

Which of the statements given above is/are correct?

Detailed Solution for Art And Culture - Art, Architecture And Literature - Practice Test (1) - Question 29
  • The subject matter of Ajanta paintings is almost exclusively Buddhist, excepting decorative patterns on the ceilings and the pillars. They are mostly associated with the Jatakas, collection of stories, recording the previous births of the Lord Buddha.
  • Both Hindu and Buddhist literature refer to paintings of various types and techniques for example, Lepyacitras, lekhacitras and Dhulitcitras.
  • The murals chiefly depict religious scenes from the life of the Buddha and the Buddhist Jataka stories but we also have secular scenes.
Art And Culture - Art, Architecture And Literature - Practice Test (1) - Question 30

With reference to the history of literature in ancient India, which one of the following is not correct?

Detailed Solution for Art And Culture - Art, Architecture And Literature - Practice Test (1) - Question 30
  • "When India came into contacts with Central Asian ruler, the foreign princes patronized Sanskrit literature whose earliest specimen isfound in Junagarh inscription of Rudradaman in Kathiawar in about A.D. 50. The Kavya style refers to the indian epic poems written in sanskrit.
  • Kushanas patronize Ashvaghosh who wrote Buddhacharita, biography of Buddha. He also composed Sanskrit kavya, Saundarnanda. Swapanvasavdatta was written by Bhas.
  • Numerous Avadans were composed in whatis known as Buddhist hybrid Sanskrit topreach the teachings of Mahayana Buddhism, Some of the important books are Mahavastuand the divyavadana. Avadanas refer to the legendary literary mateials centering on Buddha's explanations of events of present life by a person's worthy deeds in a previous life. Mahavastu is the most famous work classified as avadana."
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