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Test: Criminal Law - 7


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50 Questions MCQ Test Legal Reasoning for CLAT | Test: Criminal Law - 7

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Test: Criminal Law - 7 - Question 1

Principle: Whoever, being in any manner entrusted with property, or with any dominion over property, dishonestly misappropriates or converts to his own use that property, or dishonestly uses or disposes of that property in violation of any direction of law prescribing the mode in which such trust is to be discharge, or of any legal contract, express or implied, which he has made touching the discharge of such trust, or willfully suffers any other person so to do, commit "criminal breach of trust".

Facts: A is a warehouse keeper. B going on a Journey entrusts his rare furniture to A under contract that it shall be returned on payment of stipulated sum of money. A dishonestly sells the furniture. What offence if any has been committed?

Test: Criminal Law - 7 - Question 2

Principle: Whoever, being in any manner entrusted with property, or with any dominion over property, dishonestly misappropriates or converts to his own use that property, or dishonestly uses or disposes of that property in violation of any direction of law prescribing the mode in which such trust is to be discharge, or of any legal contract, express or implied, which he has made touching the discharge of such trust, or willfully suffers any other person so to do, commit "criminal breach of trust".

Facts: A borrowed a bicycle from his friend. B, promising to return the same within a period of two or three days. He failed to fulfill the promise, disposed of the bicycle and appropriated the proceeds to his own use. What offence, if any has been committed?

Test: Criminal Law - 7 - Question 3

Principle: Whoever, being in any manner entrusted with property, or with any dominion over property, dishonestly misappropriates or converts to his own use that property, or dishonestly uses or disposes of that property in violation of any direction of law prescribing the mode in which such trust is to be discharge, or of any legal contract, express or implied, which he has made touching the discharge of such trust, or willfully suffers any other person so to do, commit "criminal breach of trust".

Facts: Z, a railway reservation clerk, openly declared that he will entertain the reservation forms of only those passengers who are willing to give an additional sum of Rs. 25 per ticket as a premium. Z sells 100 tickets and deposited the total ticket amount in railway treasury, but pockets the sum of Rs. 2500/- that he has collected from the passengers as premium. What offence, if any has been committed?

Test: Criminal Law - 7 - Question 4

Principle: Principle: Negligence is the gross and culpable neglect or failure to exercise reasonable and proper care, and precaution to guard against, and either to the public in general or to an individual in particular, which a reasonable man would have adopted Principle: whoever causes the death of any person by doing any rash or negligent act not amounting to culpable homicide shall be punished

Facts: B started from Delhi on his car to go to Gurgaon, at about 11:30 pm. He was driving at a reasonable speed and quiet carefully. But unfortunately on the way he knocked down two coolies who were lying and sleeping on the road itself. B is prosecuted for causing death of the two coolies by rash and negligent driving under Section 304 A IPC. Can B be convicted? Discuss

Test: Criminal Law - 7 - Question 5

Principle: Negligence is the gross and culpable neglect or failure to exercise reasonable and proper care, and precaution to guard against, and either to the public in general or to an individual in particular, which a reasonable man would have adopted 
Principle: whoever causes the death of any person by doing any rash or negligent act not amounting to culpable homicide shall be punished

Facts: A was driving a tourist bus at a fast speed. When he was 100 yards away from a traffic crossing he saw a green signal. In a bid to cross the road, he enhanced the speed but before he could cross the road the green signal turned red, but A continued to drive on and hit B, a school child on the zebra crossing. For what offence can A be convicted?

Test: Criminal Law - 7 - Question 6

Principle: Negligence is the gross and culpable neglect or failure to exercise reasonable and proper care, and precaution to guard against, and either to the public in general or to an individual in particular, which a reasonable man would have adopted 
Principle: whoever causes the death of any person by doing any rash or negligent act not amounting to culpable homicide shall be punished

Facts: X takes up a gun not knowing it is loaded. Points in sport at Y and pulls the trigger. Y is shot dead. Can X be convicted for causing death by rash and negligent act?

Test: Criminal Law - 7 - Question 7

Principle: Negligence is the gross and culpable neglect or failure to exercise reasonable and proper care, and precaution to guard against, and either to the public in general or to an individual in particular, which a reasonable man would have adopted 
Principle: whoever causes the death of any person by doing any rash or negligent act not amounting to culpable homicide shall be punished

Facts: B was brought unconscious to a private nursing home. In the absence of the surgeon, his attendant, A, entered it as an emergency case and operated upon B’s stomach to extract undigested poisoned food. During the operation, B died. The postmortem report attributed B’s death to improper handling by A such cases independently yet he carried on the experiment as B needed an immediate treatment. Discuss the criminal liability of A.

Detailed Solution for Test: Criminal Law - 7 - Question 7

C is the correct option. A can be convicted under Section 304 A for causing B’s death by rash and negligent act  because the postmortem report has also clearly said that it is due to negligent handling of A.

Test: Criminal Law - 7 - Question 8

Principle: Negligence is the gross and culpable neglect or failure to exercise reasonable and proper care, and precaution to guard against, and either to the public in general or to an individual in particular, which a reasonable man would have adopted 
Principle: whoever causes the death of any person by doing any rash or negligent act not amounting to culpable homicide shall be punished

Facts: A carrying a loaded gun stood quietly in a corner of a public place and was watching a dramatic performance. One of the actors who was playing the part of a drunken dacoit, to enhance the effect of his acting approached A and grappled with him and in the course of the struggles the gun went off and the actor was killed. Is A guilty of negligently act?

Test: Criminal Law - 7 - Question 9

Principle: Culpable homicide is not murder of the offender, whilst deprived of the power of self-control by grave and sudden provocation, causes the death of the person who gave the provocation or causes the death of any other person by mistake or accident.

Facts: Sheila informed her friend Roma that her husband Ramu was staying in a local 5 star hotel. Roma took her car and left for the hotel with a revolver. Roma made enquiries from the reception and came to know the room where her husband was staying. Roma entered the room and saw her husband in a compromising position with a lady. Roma became angry and fired a shot at her husband from her revolver, but it missed and killed the lady sitting with Ramu. Roma pleaded the defence of grave and sudden provocation. Whether the accused is guilty of murder?

Test: Criminal Law - 7 - Question 10

Principle: Culpable homicide is not murder of the offender, whilst deprived of the power of self-control by grave and sudden provocation, causes the death of the person who gave the provocation or causes the death of any other person by mistake or accident.

Facts: A’s car slightly scratched B’s car on a red light. B shouted and grabbed A by the neck and a fight ensued between them. In the heat of the moment, B strangulated A to death. B is being prosecuted for murder.

Test: Criminal Law - 7 - Question 11

Principle: Ignorance of Fact is excused but ignorance of law is no excuse.

Facts: X was a passenger from Zurich to Manila in a Swiss Plane. When the plane landed at the Airport of Bombay on 28 Nov. 1962 it was found on searching that X carried 34 kg of Gold Bars on his person and that he had not declared it in the ‘Manifest for Transit’. On 26th Nov. 1962 the Government of India had issued a notification modifying its earlier exemption, making it mandatory now that the gold must be declared in the “Manifest” of the aircraft.

Test: Criminal Law - 7 - Question 12

Assertion (A): X, because of unsound state of mind and not knowing the nature of the act, attacks Y, who in self defense and in order to ward off the attack, hits him thereby injuring him. Y has not committed an offence.

Reason (R): Y had a right of private defense against X under Section 98 of the Indian Penal Code.

Test: Criminal Law - 7 - Question 13

Assertion (A): The essence of joint liability under section 149 of the IPC is that the criminal act must have been done with a view to fulfill the common object of an unlawful assembly.

Reason (R): Any sudden and provocative act done by a member of an unlawful assembly would render the other members of that assembly liable.

Test: Criminal Law - 7 - Question 14

Y makes an attempt to steal some jewels by breaking open a box and finds, after opening the box, that there is no jewel in it. Choose the appropriate answer.

Test: Criminal Law - 7 - Question 15

Principle: Nothing is an offence which is done by a person who, at the time of doing it, by reason of unsoundness of mind, is incapable of knowing the nature of the act, or that he is doing what is either wrong or contrary to law

Facts: A takes his son B who is three years old for a bath to the well. He throws his son inside the well so that he could have a good faith. After 10 minutes he also jumped in the well to take a bath and take his son out of the well. Both were rescued by the villagers but his son was found dead.

Test: Criminal Law - 7 - Question 16

Principle: Ignorance of law is no excuse but ignorance of fact is excused

Facts: George was a passenger from Zurich to manila in a Swiss plane. When the plane landed at the airport at Bombay on 28th Nov. 1962 it was found on search that George carried 34 kg of gold bars in person and that he had not declared it in the manifest for transit. On 26th Nov. 1962 GOI issued a notification and modified its earlier exemption and now it is necessary that the gold must be declared in the manifest of the aircraft.

Test: Criminal Law - 7 - Question 17

Principle: Preparation is not an offence except the preparation of some special offences

Facts: A keeps poisoned halwa in his house, wishing to kill B whom he invited to a party and to who he wishes to give it. Unknown to A, his son takes the halwa and dies. In this case

Detailed Solution for Test: Criminal Law - 7 - Question 17

A had only prepared for the act, while he didn't commission it, so he won't be liable for murder. AS per the fact that his son ate the halwa and died " always remember that you have to always answer as per the principle and the principle doesn't talk about culpable homicide" so the answer is "B"

Test: Criminal Law - 7 - Question 18

Assertion: Attempt to commit an offence though does not result in any harm should also be punished

Reason: A person who tries to cause a prohibited harm and fails is in terms of moral culpability not materially different from the person who tries and succeeds

Test: Criminal Law - 7 - Question 19

A with an intention to pick pocket puts his hand into B’s pocket. B had a loaded pistol in his pocket. The thief touches the pistol and trigger goes on, whereby B is shot dead.

Test: Criminal Law - 7 - Question 20

Principle: Whoever, intending to take dishonestly any moveable property out of the possession of any person without that person's consent, moves that property in order to such taking, is said to commit theft

Facts: Ms. Y came to Ms. P’s house. When Ms. Y returned, she realized that Ms. P had left her pen in Ms. Y’s book.

Test: Criminal Law - 7 - Question 21

Principle: Every person has a right to defend his own person, property or possession against an immediate harm and to that end may use reasonable amount of force

Facts: X was passing by Y house. At that time Y dog ran out and bit X overcoat. X turned around and shot at the dog however the dog ran away while the dog was far away from X. X shot the dog dead as he believed that the dog had bitten other persons in the locality. Y filed a suit for damages as the dog was of a rare breed and worth Rs. 5000/-

Detailed Solution for Test: Criminal Law - 7 - Question 21

The correct option is C.

As the dog already ran away still X shot the gun, he used more force as required in the situation.

Test: Criminal Law - 7 - Question 22

Principle: Nothing which is not intended to cause death, is an offence by reason of any harm which it may cause, or be intended by the doer to cause, or be known by the doer to be likely to cause, to any person for whose benefit it is done in good faith, and who has given a consent, whether express or implied, to suffer that harm, or to take the risk of that harm.

Facts: A fake doctor operated on a man for internal piles by cutting them out with a kitchen ordinary knife. The man died of hemorrhage.

Detailed Solution for Test: Criminal Law - 7 - Question 22

As mentioned in above  principal that even if he do anything with good faith but still he have a knowledge that he his act will harm he indirectly  committing the offence. In fact made it more clear as he was a fake doctor .He did operation in good faith but technically he didn't hold a degree of doctor. so he is risking the life of a person. Option C goes the best.

Test: Criminal Law - 7 - Question 23

Principle: Nothing which is not intended to cause death, is an offence by reason of any harm which it may cause, or be intended by the doer to cause, or be known by the doer to be likely to cause, to any person for whose benefit it is done in good faith, and who has given a consent, whether express or implied, to suffer that harm, or to take the risk of that harm.

Facts: Dr Mortimer performed a kidney operation upon James for removal of kidney stones. James was already affected by HIV. Dr Mortimer had warned James of all the possible risks. James, out of his own volition, decided to undertake the risks and signed a bond certifying the same. James died of hemorrhage as a result of the operation.

Test: Criminal Law - 7 - Question 24

In kidnapping, the consent of the minor is – 

Test: Criminal Law - 7 - Question 25

Principle 1: Every person has a right to defend his own body, and the body of any other person, against any offence affecting the human body. Nothing is an offence which is done in the exercise of the right of private defence.

Principle 2: The right of private defence of the body extends to the voluntary causing of death or of any other harm to the assailant, if the offence reasonably causes the apprehension that death, or grievous hurt will otherwise be the consequence of such assault. Also, if the assault is with the intention of committing rape, gratifying unnatural lust, kidnapping or abducting, or wrongfully confining a person under circumstances which may reasonably cause him to apprehend that he will be unable to have recourse to the public authorities for his release, he will have the right of private defence of the body extending to causing of death.

Principle 3: Nothing is an offence which is done by a person who, at the time of doing it, by reason of unsoundness of mind, is incapable of knowing the nature of the act.

Facts: Prateek, who is Prakha’s younger brother, under the influence of madness, attempts to kill Sachan, who is Prakha’s boyfriend. Prakha, not knowing how to react, and seeing Sachan helpless and on the verge of being murdered, hits on Prateek’s head with an antique metal vase. Prateek dies on the spot. Can Prakha claim the right of private defence of body?

Test: Criminal Law - 7 - Question 26

Principle: Every person who commits an offence in the territory of India shall be guilty within the meaning of Indian Penal Code.

Facts: John, a citizen of France commits murder in Madras. In this case

Test: Criminal Law - 7 - Question 27

Principle: Nothing is an offence which is done by accident, and without any criminal intention.Facts: Aneez fires a revolver in the air. Ahmad, who is coming down by a parachute is hit and killed. In this case

Test: Criminal Law - 7 - Question 28

Principle: Every person has a right to defend his own body and the body of any other person, against any offence committed by anybody.

Facts: Vasu, under the influence of madness, attempts to kill Venkatesh. Venkatesh, defending himself against Vasu's attacks, kills Vasu. In the present case,

Test: Criminal Law - 7 - Question 29

Principle: A person who instigates another person to commit an offence is said to abet the said offence.

Facts: Vidhu instigates Bhaskar to murder Shobhit. Bhaskar, in pursuance of the instigation, stabs Shobhit. Shobhit subsequently recovers from the wound. In the present case

Test: Criminal Law - 7 - Question 30

Principle: A person is guilty of cheating, when he fraudulently induces another person to deliver the latter's property to him.

Facts: Vimal falsely represented to Kamal, a shop owner that he was an officer from the Commercial Tax Department. While examining the accounts of the shop, Vimal showed interest in buying a microwave oven on instalment basis. Kamal readily agreed with the hope that he would get a favorable assessment from Vimal regards his tax liability. Vimal paid the first installment, took the microwave oven and disappeared from the scene. The police, however, managed to catch hold of Vimal and prosecute him for cheating.

Test: Criminal Law - 7 - Question 31

In which of the following cases has the supreme court allowed for passive euthanasia under certain circumstances?

Test: Criminal Law - 7 - Question 32

In which of the following cases mens rea is an essential ingredient?

Detailed Solution for Test: Criminal Law - 7 - Question 32

The correct option is D.
The court held that Mens rea is an essential ingredient of crime except in (1) cases not criminal in real sense but which in the public interest are prohibited under a penalty, (2) public nuisance, and (3) cases criminal in form but which are really only a summary mode of enforcing a civil right.

Test: Criminal Law - 7 - Question 33

The right of private defence

Test: Criminal Law - 7 - Question 34

The right of private defence of property

Test: Criminal Law - 7 - Question 35

In which of the following cases did the Supreme court life the ban on dance bars imposed by state of Maharashtra?

Test: Criminal Law - 7 - Question 36

Which of the following factor is not essential for offence of theft under IPC?

Test: Criminal Law - 7 - Question 37

A had an argument with B and asked her to go leave him alone and go home. B refused and A struck her on the head and rendered her unconscious. A dragged B to the parking lot during which B’s head hit the pavement which caused her death.

Test: Criminal Law - 7 - Question 38

X an employee of Y was driving the vehicle which was without insurance. Y was convicted for violation of road traffic act 1988 who was not even driving the vehicle at that time. Y appealed against it in the court.

Detailed Solution for Test: Criminal Law - 7 - Question 38

The correct option is B.

As said Y was not driving the vehicle

Test: Criminal Law - 7 - Question 39

X an employee of Y was driving the vehicle which was without insurance. Y was convicted for violation of road traffic act 1988 who was not even driving the vehicle at that time. Y appealed against it in the court.

Detailed Solution for Test: Criminal Law - 7 - Question 39

The correct option is D.

As said Y was not driving the vehicle.

Test: Criminal Law - 7 - Question 40

A is beating Z and Y jumps in to stop beating. In the process A intentionally strikes Y. which of the following should be the punishment?

Test: Criminal Law - 7 - Question 41

Principle: No communication made in good faith is an offence by reason of any harm to the person to whom it is made, if it is made for the benefit of that person.

Facts: A, a surgeon, in good faith, communicates to a patient his opinion that he cannot live. The patient dies in consequence of the shock.

Test: Criminal Law - 7 - Question 42

Two parties A and B gather together for free fight in order to settle a land dispute and in the process end up inflicting injuries on one another.

Test: Criminal Law - 7 - Question 43

Z under the influence of madness attempts to kill A.

Test: Criminal Law - 7 - Question 44

A enters by night which he is legally entitled to enter Z in good faith mistaking A to be a burglar attacks him.

Test: Criminal Law - 7 - Question 45

A voluntary burns a valuable security belonging to B intending to cause wrongful loss to B.

Test: Criminal Law - 7 - Question 46

X, a person signs his own name to a bill of exchange, intending that it may be believed that he bill was drawn by another person of the same name.

Test: Criminal Law - 7 - Question 47

Y draws a picture of Z running away with C’s watch, intending it to be believed that Z stole C’s watch.

Test: Criminal Law - 7 - Question 48

Principle: Nothing is an offence which is done by a child above seven years of age and under twelve, who has not attained sufficient maturity of understanding to judge of the nature and consequences of his conduct on that occasion.

Facts: A is a nine year old boy who is jealous of his friend B’s many toys. One day while playing at B’s house, he steals one of the B’s smaller toys. Has he committed theft?

Test: Criminal Law - 7 - Question 49

Principle: An abettor is liable for the crime of abetment only with regard to the crime which reasonably resulted from his abetment

Facts: A instigates B to burn Z’s house. B sets fire to the house and at the same time commits theft of property there. A is responsible for abetting which of the following crimes?

Test: Criminal Law - 7 - Question 50

A, enters a house with the intention of committing theft. But moved by the poverty of the house holder he drops a rupee note and left the place. In this case

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