English Mock Test - 10


40 Questions MCQ Test Mock Test Series for CLAT 2020 | English Mock Test - 10


Description
This mock test of English Mock Test - 10 for CLAT helps you for every CLAT entrance exam. This contains 40 Multiple Choice Questions for CLAT English Mock Test - 10 (mcq) to study with solutions a complete question bank. The solved questions answers in this English Mock Test - 10 quiz give you a good mix of easy questions and tough questions. CLAT students definitely take this English Mock Test - 10 exercise for a better result in the exam. You can find other English Mock Test - 10 extra questions, long questions & short questions for CLAT on EduRev as well by searching above.
QUESTION: 1

Directions (1 – 5): - Read the following passages carefully and answer the question given below them.  All answer should be given in the context of the given passage. Certain words/phrases are printed in Bold to help you to locate them while answering some of the questions.

Cells are the ultimate multitaskers: they can switch genes and carry out their order, talk to each other, divide in two, and much more, all the same time. But they couldn’t do any of these tricks without a power source to generate movement. The inside of a cell bustles with more traffic than Delhi roads, and like all vehicles, the cell’s moving parts need engines. Physicists and biologists have looked ‘under the hood’ of the cell – and laid the nuts and bolts of molecular engines.

The ability of such engines to convert chemical energy into motion is the envy of nanotechnology researchers looking for ways to power molecule-sized devices. Medical researchers also want to understand how these engines work. Because these molecules are essential for cell division, scientists hope to shut down the rampant growth of cancer cells by deactivating certain motors. Improving motor-driven transport in nerve cells may also be helpful for treating diseases such as Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s ALS, also known as Lou Gehrig’s disease.

We wouldn’t make it far in life without motor proteins. Our muscles wouldn’t contract. We couldn’t grow, because the growth process requires cells to duplicate their machinery and pull the copies apart. And our genes would be silent without the services of messenger RNA, which carries genetic instruction over to the cell’s protein-making factories. The movements that make these cellular activities possible occur along a complex network of threadlike fibres, or polymers, along which bundles of molecules travel like trams. The engines that power the cell’s freight are three families of proteins, called myosin, kinesin and dynein. For fuel, these proteins burn molecules of ATP, which cells make when they break down the carbohydrates and fats from the foods we eat. The energy from burning ATP causes changes in the proteins’ shape that allow them to heave themselves along the polymer track. The results are impressive: in one second, these molecules can travel between 50 and 100 times their own diameter. If a car with a 5-foot-wide engine were as efficient, it would travel 170 to 340 kmph.

Ronald Vale, a researcher at the Howard Hughes Medical Institute and the University of California at San Francisco, and Ronald Milligan of the Scripps Research Institute have realized a long-awaited goal by reconstructing the process by which myosin and kinesin move, almost down to the atom. The dynein motor, on the older hand, is still poorly understood. Myosin molecules, best known for their role in muscle contraction, form chains that lie between filaments of another protein called actin. Each myosin molecule has a tiny head that pokes out form the chain like oars from a canoe. Just as rowers propel their boat by stroking their oars through the water, the myosin molecules stick their heads into the actin and hoist themselves forward along the filament. While myosin moves along in short strokes, its cousin kinesin walks steadily along a different type of filament called a microtubule. Instead of using a projecting head as a lever, kinesin walks on two “legs.” Based on these differences, researchers used to think that myosin and kinesin were virtually unrelated. But newly discovered similarities in the motors’ ATP-processing machinery now suggest that they share a common ancestor-molecule. At this point, scientists can only speculate as to what type of primitive cell-like structure this ancestor occupied as it learned to burn ATP and use the energy to change shape. ‘We’ll never really know, because we can’t dig up the remains of ancient proteins. But that was probably a big evolutionary leap,’ says Vale.

On a slightly larger scale, loner cells like sperm or infectious bacteria are prime movers that resolutely push their way through to other cells. As L.Mahadevqan and Paul Matsudaira of the Massac-husetts Institute of Technology explain, the engines in this case are springs or ratchets that are clusters of molecules, rather than single proteins like myosin and kinesin Researchers don’t yet fully understand these engines’ fueling process or the details of how they move, but the result is a force to be reckoned with. For example, one such engine is a spring like stalk connecting a single-called organism called a vorticellid to the leaf fragment it calls home. When exposed to calcium, the spring contracts, yanking the vorticellid down at speeds approaching 3 inches (8 centimetres) per second.

Springs, like this, are coiled bundles of filaments that expand or contract in response to chemical cues. A wave of positively charged calcium ions, for example neutralizes the negative charges that keep the filaments extended. Some sperm use spring like engines made of actin filaments to shoot out a barb that penetrates the layers that surround an egg. And certain viruses use a similar apparatus to shoot their DNA into the host’s cell. Ratchets are also useful for moving whole cells, including some other sperm and pathogens. These engines are filaments that simply grow at the end, attracting chemical building blocks from nearby. Because the other end is anchored in place, the growing end pushes against any barrier that gets in its way.

Both springs and ratchets are made up of small units that each move just slightly, but collectively produce a powerful movement. Ultimately, Mahadevan and Matsudaira hope to better understand just how there particles create an effect that seems to be so much more than the sum of its parts. Might such an understanding provide inspiration for ways to power artificial nano-sized devices in the future? ‘The short answer is absolutely,’ says Mahadevan. ‘Biology has had a lot more time to evolve enormous richness in design for different organisms. Hopefully, studying these structures will not only improve our understanding of the biological world, it will also enable us to copy them, take part their components and re-create them for other purposes.

Q. 

According to the author, research on the power source of movement in cells can contribute to:

Solution:
QUESTION: 2

Cells are the ultimate multitaskers: they can switch genes and carry out their order, talk to each other, divide in two, and much more, all the same time. But they couldn’t do any of these tricks without a power source to generate movement. The inside of a cell bustles with more traffic than Delhi roads, and like all vehicles, the cell’s moving parts need engines. Physicists and biologists have looked ‘under the hood’ of the cell – and laid the nuts and bolts of molecular engines.

The ability of such engines to convert chemical energy into motion is the envy of nanotechnology researchers looking for ways to power molecule-sized devices. Medical researchers also want to understand how these engines work. Because these molecules are essential for cell division, scientists hope to shut down the rampant growth of cancer cells by deactivating certain motors. Improving motor-driven transport in nerve cells may also be helpful for treating diseases such as Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s ALS, also known as Lou Gehrig’s disease.

We wouldn’t make it far in life without motor proteins. Our muscles wouldn’t contract. We couldn’t grow, because the growth process requires cells to duplicate their machinery and pull the copies apart. And our genes would be silent without the services of messenger RNA, which carries genetic instruction over to the cell’s protein-making factories. The movements that make these cellular activities possible occur along a complex network of threadlike fibres, or polymers, along which bundles of molecules travel like trams. The engines that power the cell’s freight are three families of proteins, called myosin, kinesin and dynein. For fuel, these proteins burn molecules of ATP, which cells make when they break down the carbohydrates and fats from the foods we eat. The energy from burning ATP causes changes in the proteins’ shape that allow them to heave themselves along the polymer track. The results are impressive: in one second, these molecules can travel between 50 and 100 times their own diameter. If a car with a 5-foot-wide engine were as efficient, it would travel 170 to 340 kmph.

Ronald Vale, a researcher at the Howard Hughes Medical Institute and the University of California at San Francisco, and Ronald Milligan of the Scripps Research Institute have realized a long-awaited goal by reconstructing the process by which myosin and kinesin move, almost down to the atom. The dynein motor, on the older hand, is still poorly understood. Myosin molecules, best known for their role in muscle contraction, form chains that lie between filaments of another protein called actin. Each myosin molecule has a tiny head that pokes out form the chain like oars from a canoe. Just as rowers propel their boat by stroking their oars through the water, the myosin molecules stick their heads into the actin and hoist themselves forward along the filament. While myosin moves along in short strokes, its cousin kinesin walks steadily along a different type of filament called a microtubule. Instead of using a projecting head as a lever, kinesin walks on two “legs.” Based on these differences, researchers used to think that myosin and kinesin were virtually unrelated. But newly discovered similarities in the motors’ ATP-processing machinery now suggest that they share a common ancestor-molecule. At this point, scientists can only speculate as to what type of primitive cell-like structure this ancestor occupied as it learned to burn ATP and use the energy to change shape. ‘We’ll never really know, because we can’t dig up the remains of ancient proteins. But that was probably a big evolutionary leap,’ says Vale.

On a slightly larger scale, loner cells like sperm or infectious bacteria are prime movers that resolutely push their way through to other cells. As L.Mahadevqan and Paul Matsudaira of the Massac-husetts Institute of Technology explain, the engines in this case are springs or ratchets that are clusters of molecules, rather than single proteins like myosin and kinesin Researchers don’t yet fully understand these engines’ fueling process or the details of how they move, but the result is a force to be reckoned with. For example, one such engine is a spring like stalk connecting a single-called organism called a vorticellid to the leaf fragment it calls home. When exposed to calcium, the spring contracts, yanking the vorticellid down at speeds approaching 3 inches (8 centimetres) per second.

Springs, like this, are coiled bundles of filaments that expand or contract in response to chemical cues. A wave of positively charged calcium ions, for example neutralizes the negative charges that keep the filaments extended. Some sperm use spring like engines made of actin filaments to shoot out a barb that penetrates the layers that surround an egg. And certain viruses use a similar apparatus to shoot their DNA into the host’s cell. Ratchets are also useful for moving whole cells, including some other sperm and pathogens. These engines are filaments that simply grow at the end, attracting chemical building blocks from nearby. Because the other end is anchored in place, the growing end pushes against any barrier that gets in its way.

Both springs and ratchets are made up of small units that each move just slightly, but collectively produce a powerful movement. Ultimately, Mahadevan and Matsudaira hope to better understand just how there particles create an effect that seems to be so much more than the sum of its parts. Might such an understanding provide inspiration for ways to power artificial nano-sized devices in the future? ‘The short answer is absolutely,’ says Mahadevan. ‘Biology has had a lot more time to evolve enormous richness in design for different organisms. Hopefully, studying these structures will not only improve our understanding of the biological world, it will also enable us to copy them, take part their components and re-create them for other purposes.

Q. 

The author has used several analogies to illustrate his arguments in the article. Which of the following pairs of words are examples of the analogies used?

I. Cell activity and vehicular traffic.

II. Polymers and tram tracks.

III. Genes and canoes.

IV. Vorticellids and ratchets.

Solution:

B is the correct option. The author has used the analogies in the paragraph like  Polymers and tram tracks and Genes and canoes. Polymer Flexible Joint Technology is used in  Tramway Tracks Construction and canoe(cno) has a dual character, interacting as it does with genes in both the Notch and the Ras pathways.

QUESTION: 3

Cells are the ultimate multitaskers: they can switch genes and carry out their order, talk to each other, divide in two, and much more, all the same time. But they couldn’t do any of these tricks without a power source to generate movement. The inside of a cell bustles with more traffic than Delhi roads, and like all vehicles, the cell’s moving parts need engines. Physicists and biologists have looked ‘under the hood’ of the cell – and laid the nuts and bolts of molecular engines.

The ability of such engines to convert chemical energy into motion is the envy of nanotechnology researchers looking for ways to power molecule-sized devices. Medical researchers also want to understand how these engines work. Because these molecules are essential for cell division, scientists hope to shut down the rampant growth of cancer cells by deactivating certain motors. Improving motor-driven transport in nerve cells may also be helpful for treating diseases such as Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s ALS, also known as Lou Gehrig’s disease.

We wouldn’t make it far in life without motor proteins. Our muscles wouldn’t contract. We couldn’t grow, because the growth process requires cells to duplicate their machinery and pull the copies apart. And our genes would be silent without the services of messenger RNA, which carries genetic instruction over to the cell’s protein-making factories. The movements that make these cellular activities possible occur along a complex network of threadlike fibres, or polymers, along which bundles of molecules travel like trams. The engines that power the cell’s freight are three families of proteins, called myosin, kinesin and dynein. For fuel, these proteins burn molecules of ATP, which cells make when they break down the carbohydrates and fats from the foods we eat. The energy from burning ATP causes changes in the proteins’ shape that allow them to heave themselves along the polymer track. The results are impressive: in one second, these molecules can travel between 50 and 100 times their own diameter. If a car with a 5-foot-wide engine were as efficient, it would travel 170 to 340 kmph.

Ronald Vale, a researcher at the Howard Hughes Medical Institute and the University of California at San Francisco, and Ronald Milligan of the Scripps Research Institute have realized a long-awaited goal by reconstructing the process by which myosin and kinesin move, almost down to the atom. The dynein motor, on the older hand, is still poorly understood. Myosin molecules, best known for their role in muscle contraction, form chains that lie between filaments of another protein called actin. Each myosin molecule has a tiny head that pokes out form the chain like oars from a canoe. Just as rowers propel their boat by stroking their oars through the water, the myosin molecules stick their heads into the actin and hoist themselves forward along the filament. While myosin moves along in short strokes, its cousin kinesin walks steadily along a different type of filament called a microtubule. Instead of using a projecting head as a lever, kinesin walks on two “legs.” Based on these differences, researchers used to think that myosin and kinesin were virtually unrelated. But newly discovered similarities in the motors’ ATP-processing machinery now suggest that they share a common ancestor-molecule. At this point, scientists can only speculate as to what type of primitive cell-like structure this ancestor occupied as it learned to burn ATP and use the energy to change shape. ‘We’ll never really know, because we can’t dig up the remains of ancient proteins. But that was probably a big evolutionary leap,’ says Vale.

On a slightly larger scale, loner cells like sperm or infectious bacteria are prime movers that resolutely push their way through to other cells. As L.Mahadevqan and Paul Matsudaira of the Massac-husetts Institute of Technology explain, the engines in this case are springs or ratchets that are clusters of molecules, rather than single proteins like myosin and kinesin Researchers don’t yet fully understand these engines’ fueling process or the details of how they move, but the result is a force to be reckoned with. For example, one such engine is a spring like stalk connecting a single-called organism called a vorticellid to the leaf fragment it calls home. When exposed to calcium, the spring contracts, yanking the vorticellid down at speeds approaching 3 inches (8 centimetres) per second.

Springs, like this, are coiled bundles of filaments that expand or contract in response to chemical cues. A wave of positively charged calcium ions, for example neutralizes the negative charges that keep the filaments extended. Some sperm use spring like engines made of actin filaments to shoot out a barb that penetrates the layers that surround an egg. And certain viruses use a similar apparatus to shoot their DNA into the host’s cell. Ratchets are also useful for moving whole cells, including some other sperm and pathogens. These engines are filaments that simply grow at the end, attracting chemical building blocks from nearby. Because the other end is anchored in place, the growing end pushes against any barrier that gets in its way.

Both springs and ratchets are made up of small units that each move just slightly, but collectively produce a powerful movement. Ultimately, Mahadevan and Matsudaira hope to better understand just how there particles create an effect that seems to be so much more than the sum of its parts. Might such an understanding provide inspiration for ways to power artificial nano-sized devices in the future? ‘The short answer is absolutely,’ says Mahadevan. ‘Biology has had a lot more time to evolve enormous richness in design for different organisms. Hopefully, studying these structures will not only improve our understanding of the biological world, it will also enable us to copy them, take part their components and re-create them for other purposes.

Q. 

 

Read the five statements below: I, II, III, IV, and V. From the options given, select the one which includes statements that are not representative of an argument presented in the passage.

I. Sperms use spring like engines made of actin filament.

II. Mysoin and kinesin are unrelated.

III. Nanotechnology researches look for ways to power molecule-sized devices.

IV. Motor proteins help muscle contraction.

V. The dynein motor is still poorly understood.

Solution:
QUESTION: 4

Cells are the ultimate multitaskers: they can switch genes and carry out their order, talk to each other, divide in two, and much more, all the same time. But they couldn’t do any of these tricks without a power source to generate movement. The inside of a cell bustles with more traffic than Delhi roads, and like all vehicles, the cell’s moving parts need engines. Physicists and biologists have looked ‘under the hood’ of the cell – and laid the nuts and bolts of molecular engines.

The ability of such engines to convert chemical energy into motion is the envy of nanotechnology researchers looking for ways to power molecule-sized devices. Medical researchers also want to understand how these engines work. Because these molecules are essential for cell division, scientists hope to shut down the rampant growth of cancer cells by deactivating certain motors. Improving motor-driven transport in nerve cells may also be helpful for treating diseases such as Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s ALS, also known as Lou Gehrig’s disease.

We wouldn’t make it far in life without motor proteins. Our muscles wouldn’t contract. We couldn’t grow, because the growth process requires cells to duplicate their machinery and pull the copies apart. And our genes would be silent without the services of messenger RNA, which carries genetic instruction over to the cell’s protein-making factories. The movements that make these cellular activities possible occur along a complex network of threadlike fibres, or polymers, along which bundles of molecules travel like trams. The engines that power the cell’s freight are three families of proteins, called myosin, kinesin and dynein. For fuel, these proteins burn molecules of ATP, which cells make when they break down the carbohydrates and fats from the foods we eat. The energy from burning ATP causes changes in the proteins’ shape that allow them to heave themselves along the polymer track. The results are impressive: in one second, these molecules can travel between 50 and 100 times their own diameter. If a car with a 5-foot-wide engine were as efficient, it would travel 170 to 340 kmph.

Ronald Vale, a researcher at the Howard Hughes Medical Institute and the University of California at San Francisco, and Ronald Milligan of the Scripps Research Institute have realized a long-awaited goal by reconstructing the process by which myosin and kinesin move, almost down to the atom. The dynein motor, on the older hand, is still poorly understood. Myosin molecules, best known for their role in muscle contraction, form chains that lie between filaments of another protein called actin. Each myosin molecule has a tiny head that pokes out form the chain like oars from a canoe. Just as rowers propel their boat by stroking their oars through the water, the myosin molecules stick their heads into the actin and hoist themselves forward along the filament. While myosin moves along in short strokes, its cousin kinesin walks steadily along a different type of filament called a microtubule. Instead of using a projecting head as a lever, kinesin walks on two “legs.” Based on these differences, researchers used to think that myosin and kinesin were virtually unrelated. But newly discovered similarities in the motors’ ATP-processing machinery now suggest that they share a common ancestor-molecule. At this point, scientists can only speculate as to what type of primitive cell-like structure this ancestor occupied as it learned to burn ATP and use the energy to change shape. ‘We’ll never really know, because we can’t dig up the remains of ancient proteins. But that was probably a big evolutionary leap,’ says Vale.

On a slightly larger scale, loner cells like sperm or infectious bacteria are prime movers that resolutely push their way through to other cells. As L.Mahadevqan and Paul Matsudaira of the Massac-husetts Institute of Technology explain, the engines in this case are springs or ratchets that are clusters of molecules, rather than single proteins like myosin and kinesin Researchers don’t yet fully understand these engines’ fueling process or the details of how they move, but the result is a force to be reckoned with. For example, one such engine is a spring like stalk connecting a single-called organism called a vorticellid to the leaf fragment it calls home. When exposed to calcium, the spring contracts, yanking the vorticellid down at speeds approaching 3 inches (8 centimetres) per second.

Springs, like this, are coiled bundles of filaments that expand or contract in response to chemical cues. A wave of positively charged calcium ions, for example neutralizes the negative charges that keep the filaments extended. Some sperm use spring like engines made of actin filaments to shoot out a barb that penetrates the layers that surround an egg. And certain viruses use a similar apparatus to shoot their DNA into the host’s cell. Ratchets are also useful for moving whole cells, including some other sperm and pathogens. These engines are filaments that simply grow at the end, attracting chemical building blocks from nearby. Because the other end is anchored in place, the growing end pushes against any barrier that gets in its way.

Both springs and ratchets are made up of small units that each move just slightly, but collectively produce a powerful movement. Ultimately, Mahadevan and Matsudaira hope to better understand just how there particles create an effect that seems to be so much more than the sum of its parts. Might such an understanding provide inspiration for ways to power artificial nano-sized devices in the future? ‘The short answer is absolutely,’ says Mahadevan. ‘Biology has had a lot more time to evolve enormous richness in design for different organisms. Hopefully, studying these structures will not only improve our understanding of the biological world, it will also enable us to copy them, take part their components and re-create them for other purposes.

Q. 

Read the four statements below: I, II, III and IV. From the options given, select the one which includes only statement(s) that are representative of arguments presented in the passage.

I. Protein motors help growth processes.

II. Improved transport in nerve cells will help arrest tuberculosis and cancer.

III. Cells, together, generate more power than the sum of power generated by them separately.

IV. Vorticellid and the leaf fragment are connected by a calcium engine.

Solution:
QUESTION: 5

Cells are the ultimate multitaskers: they can switch genes and carry out their order, talk to each other, divide in two, and much more, all the same time. But they couldn’t do any of these tricks without a power source to generate movement. The inside of a cell bustles with more traffic than Delhi roads, and like all vehicles, the cell’s moving parts need engines. Physicists and biologists have looked ‘under the hood’ of the cell – and laid the nuts and bolts of molecular engines.

The ability of such engines to convert chemical energy into motion is the envy of nanotechnology researchers looking for ways to power molecule-sized devices. Medical researchers also want to understand how these engines work. Because these molecules are essential for cell division, scientists hope to shut down the rampant growth of cancer cells by deactivating certain motors. Improving motor-driven transport in nerve cells may also be helpful for treating diseases such as Alzheimer’s, Parkinson’s ALS, also known as Lou Gehrig’s disease.

We wouldn’t make it far in life without motor proteins. Our muscles wouldn’t contract. We couldn’t grow, because the growth process requires cells to duplicate their machinery and pull the copies apart. And our genes would be silent without the services of messenger RNA, which carries genetic instruction over to the cell’s protein-making factories. The movements that make these cellular activities possible occur along a complex network of threadlike fibres, or polymers, along which bundles of molecules travel like trams. The engines that power the cell’s freight are three families of proteins, called myosin, kinesin and dynein. For fuel, these proteins burn molecules of ATP, which cells make when they break down the carbohydrates and fats from the foods we eat. The energy from burning ATP causes changes in the proteins’ shape that allow them to heave themselves along the polymer track. The results are impressive: in one second, these molecules can travel between 50 and 100 times their own diameter. If a car with a 5-foot-wide engine were as efficient, it would travel 170 to 340 kmph.

Ronald Vale, a researcher at the Howard Hughes Medical Institute and the University of California at San Francisco, and Ronald Milligan of the Scripps Research Institute have realized a long-awaited goal by reconstructing the process by which myosin and kinesin move, almost down to the atom. The dynein motor, on the older hand, is still poorly understood. Myosin molecules, best known for their role in muscle contraction, form chains that lie between filaments of another protein called actin. Each myosin molecule has a tiny head that pokes out form the chain like oars from a canoe. Just as rowers propel their boat by stroking their oars through the water, the myosin molecules stick their heads into the actin and hoist themselves forward along the filament. While myosin moves along in short strokes, its cousin kinesin walks steadily along a different type of filament called a microtubule. Instead of using a projecting head as a lever, kinesin walks on two “legs.” Based on these differences, researchers used to think that myosin and kinesin were virtually unrelated. But newly discovered similarities in the motors’ ATP-processing machinery now suggest that they share a common ancestor-molecule. At this point, scientists can only speculate as to what type of primitive cell-like structure this ancestor occupied as it learned to burn ATP and use the energy to change shape. ‘We’ll never really know, because we can’t dig up the remains of ancient proteins. But that was probably a big evolutionary leap,’ says Vale.

On a slightly larger scale, loner cells like sperm or infectious bacteria are prime movers that resolutely push their way through to other cells. As L.Mahadevqan and Paul Matsudaira of the Massac-husetts Institute of Technology explain, the engines in this case are springs or ratchets that are clusters of molecules, rather than single proteins like myosin and kinesin Researchers don’t yet fully understand these engines’ fueling process or the details of how they move, but the result is a force to be reckoned with. For example, one such engine is a spring like stalk connecting a single-called organism called a vorticellid to the leaf fragment it calls home. When exposed to calcium, the spring contracts, yanking the vorticellid down at speeds approaching 3 inches (8 centimetres) per second.

Springs, like this, are coiled bundles of filaments that expand or contract in response to chemical cues. A wave of positively charged calcium ions, for example neutralizes the negative charges that keep the filaments extended. Some sperm use spring like engines made of actin filaments to shoot out a barb that penetrates the layers that surround an egg. And certain viruses use a similar apparatus to shoot their DNA into the host’s cell. Ratchets are also useful for moving whole cells, including some other sperm and pathogens. These engines are filaments that simply grow at the end, attracting chemical building blocks from nearby. Because the other end is anchored in place, the growing end pushes against any barrier that gets in its way.

Both springs and ratchets are made up of small units that each move just slightly, but collectively produce a powerful movement. Ultimately, Mahadevan and Matsudaira hope to better understand just how there particles create an effect that seems to be so much more than the sum of its parts. Might such an understanding provide inspiration for ways to power artificial nano-sized devices in the future? ‘The short answer is absolutely,’ says Mahadevan. ‘Biology has had a lot more time to evolve enormous richness in design for different organisms. Hopefully, studying these structures will not only improve our understanding of the biological world, it will also enable us to copy them, take part their components and re-create them for other purposes.

Q. 

Read the four statements below: I, II, III and IV. From the options given, select the one which include statement(s) that are representative of arguments presented in the passage.

I. Myosin, kinesin and actin are three types of protein.

II. Growth processes involve a routine in a cell that duplicates their machinery and pulls the copies apart.

III. Myosin molecules can generate vibrations in muscles.

IV. Ronal and Mahadevan are researchers at Masaschusetts Institute of Technology.

Solution:
QUESTION: 6

Directions (6 – 15): In the following passage there are blanks, each of which has been numbered. four or five words are suggested, Find one of which fits at number 6 appropriately.

The Earth is one of the known planets that circle the sun. In (6) times, the men who studied the (7) noticed that while certain heavenly (8) seemed fixed in the sky, others seemed to (9) about. The latter they named planets or wanderers. (10) astronomers have discovered that the four planets, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, (11) Neptune, are surrounded by poisonous gases and are so (12) that any living thing attempting to (13) on them would instantly be frozen to death. Of the five remaining (14) Venus most closely (15) the Earth in size.

Solution:
QUESTION: 7

In the following passage there are blanks, each of which has been numbered. four or five words are suggested, Find one of which fits at number 7 appropriately.

The Earth is one of the known planets that circle the sun. In (6) times, the men who studied the (7) noticed that while certain heavenly (8) seemed fixed in the sky, others seemed to (9) about. The latter they named planets or wanderers. (10) astronomers have discovered that the four planets, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, (11) Neptune, are surrounded by poisonous gases and are so (12) that any living thing attempting to (13) on them would instantly be frozen to death. Of the five remaining (14) Venus most closely (15) the Earth in size.

Solution:
QUESTION: 8

In the following passage there are blanks, each of which has been numbered. four or five words are suggested, Find one of which fits at number 8 appropriately.

The Earth is one of the known planets that circle the sun. In (6) times, the men who studied the (7) noticed that while certain heavenly (8) seemed fixed in the sky, others seemed to (9) about. The latter they named planets or wanderers. (10) astronomers have discovered that the four planets, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, (11) Neptune, are surrounded by poisonous gases and are so (12) that any living thing attempting to (13) on them would instantly be frozen to death. Of the five remaining (14) Venus most closely (15) the Earth in size.

Solution:
QUESTION: 9

In the following passage there are blanks, each of which has been numbered. four or five words are suggested, Find one of which fits at number 9 appropriately.

The Earth is one of the known planets that circle the sun. In (6) times, the men who studied the (7) noticed that while certain heavenly (8) seemed fixed in the sky, others seemed to (9) about. The latter they named planets or wanderers. (10) astronomers have discovered that the four planets, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, (11) Neptune, are surrounded by poisonous gases and are so (12) that any living thing attempting to (13) on them would instantly be frozen to death. Of the five remaining (14) Venus most closely (15) the Earth in size

Solution:
QUESTION: 10

In the following passage there are blanks, each of which has been numbered. four or five words are suggested, Find one of which fits at number 10 appropriately.

The Earth is one of the known planets that circle the sun. In (6) times, the men who studied the (7) noticed that while certain heavenly (8) seemed fixed in the sky, others seemed to (9) about. The latter they named planets or wanderers. (10) astronomers have discovered that the four planets, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, (11) Neptune, are surrounded by poisonous gases and are so (12) that any living thing attempting to (13) on them would instantly be frozen to death. Of the five remaining (14) Venus most closely (15) the Earth in size

Solution:
QUESTION: 11

In the following passage there are blanks, each of which has been numbered. four or five words are suggested, Find one of which fits at number 11 appropriately.

The Earth is one of the known planets that circle the sun. In (6) times, the men who studied the (7) noticed that while certain heavenly (8) seemed fixed in the sky, others seemed to (9) about. The latter they named planets or wanderers. (10) astronomers have discovered that the four planets, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, (11) Neptune, are surrounded by poisonous gases and are so (12) that any living thing attempting to (13) on them would instantly be frozen to death. Of the five remaining (14) Venus most closely (15) the Earth in size

Solution:
QUESTION: 12

In the following passage there are blanks, each of which has been numbered. four or five words are suggested, Find one of which fits at number 12 appropriately.

The Earth is one of the known planets that circle the sun. In (6) times, the men who studied the (7) noticed that while certain heavenly (8) seemed fixed in the sky, others seemed to (9) about. The latter they named planets or wanderers. (10) astronomers have discovered that the four planets, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, (11) Neptune, are surrounded by poisonous gases and are so (12) that any living thing attempting to (13) on them would instantly be frozen to death. Of the five remaining (14) Venus most closely (15) the Earth in size

Solution:

The correct option is A.
 Although Neptune is much more distant than Uranus from the Sun, receiving 40% less sunlight, temperatures on the surface of the two planets are roughly similar.

QUESTION: 13

In the following passage there are blanks, each of which has been numbered. four or five words are suggested, Find one of which fits at number 13 appropriately.

The Earth is one of the known planets that circle the sun. In (6) times, the men who studied the (7) noticed that while certain heavenly (8) seemed fixed in the sky, others seemed to (9) about. The latter they named planets or wanderers. (10) astronomers have discovered that the four planets, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, (11) Neptune, are surrounded by poisonous gases and are so (12) that any living thing attempting to (13) on them would instantly be frozen to death. Of the five remaining (14) Venus most closely (15) the Earth in size

Solution:
QUESTION: 14

In the following passage there are blanks, each of which has been numbered. four or five words are suggested, Find one of which fits at number 14 appropriately.

The Earth is one of the known planets that circle the sun. In (6) times, the men who studied the (7) noticed that while certain heavenly (8) seemed fixed in the sky, others seemed to (9) about. The latter they named planets or wanderers. (10) astronomers have discovered that the four planets, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, (11) Neptune, are surrounded by poisonous gases and are so (12) that any living thing attempting to (13) on them would instantly be frozen to death. Of the five remaining (14) Venus most closely (15) the Earth in size

Solution:
QUESTION: 15

In the following passage there are blanks, each of which has been numbered. four or five words are suggested, Find one of which fits at number 15 appropriately.

The Earth is one of the known planets that circle the sun. In (6) times, the men who studied the (7) noticed that while certain heavenly (8) seemed fixed in the sky, others seemed to (9) about. The latter they named planets or wanderers. (10) astronomers have discovered that the four planets, Jupiter, Saturn, Uranus, (11) Neptune, are surrounded by poisonous gases and are so (12) that any living thing attempting to (13) on them would instantly be frozen to death. Of the five remaining (14) Venus most closely (15) the Earth in size

Solution:
QUESTION: 16

LEVEL – I

(Direction 16 - 20) : Fill in the Blanks with Appropriate Words

Q.

The mill workers were not …….. with their low wages and non-payment of wages for last three months ………… fuel to the flames.

Solution:
QUESTION: 17

The educational ………. of our people is far below what is necessary for effective individual living or for the …………. of society.

Solution:
QUESTION: 18

Santosh looked very happy and …….. when he heard that his proposed scheme was …….. by the committee.

Solution:

B is the correct option. As the sentence is started by saying that Santosh is happy, so the next word will be  “elated” means in high spirits and happy, “accepted” should be the second word used in there because it is simple that the scheme was accepted that is why he was happy.

QUESTION: 19

The security forces fired at the ……. who was armed to the ……

Solution:
QUESTION: 20

……… the broker had warned him that the stock was a …………. investment, he insisted or buying a thousand shares.

Solution:
QUESTION: 21

LEVEL – II

Directions (21-25): In the following sentences given below, a word or phrase is written in italicized letter. For each italicised part four words/phrases are listed below each sentence. Choose the word nearest in meaning to the italicized part.

Q. 

The library was built with donations from the munificent citizens of this city.

Solution:

munificent means generous

QUESTION: 22

As speaker he was an utter failure.

Solution:

utter means complete, so, total is correct

QUESTION: 23

Mohinder Amarnath had a penchant for book shots.

Solution:

penchant means strong liking, so, inclination is right

QUESTION: 24

After he came back from his evening walk, he felt finished.

Solution:

feeling finished means exhausted

QUESTION: 25

Medical science is yet to come out with a panacea for cancer.

Solution:

panacea means solution, so, remedy

QUESTION: 26

LEVEL – III

(Direction 26 - 30) : Fill in the Blanks.

Q. 

On account of his humiliating defeat in the recent elections, he appeared unusually ……… when I called on him the other day.

Solution:

humiliation leads to depression.

QUESTION: 27

Despite the ……… incident, the role of the Indian peacekeepers has been lauded.

Solution:

untoward means adverse

QUESTION: 28

The communalist represents the ……… of everything noble that we have inherited from our culture and history.

Solution:

‘antithesis’ means exactly opposite

QUESTION: 29

He very successfully ……….. all the allegations leveled against him.

Solution:

rebutted means refute or overthrow

QUESTION: 30

All the employees of the firm are ……. to a fortnight’s holiday.

Solution:

entitled means having right

QUESTION: 31

(Direction 31 - 35) : 

ERRORS

Q. 

With the exception of Dipanjan and I, everyone in the class finished the assignment before the teacher came.

Solution:
QUESTION: 32

Familiar with the terrain from previous visits, the explorer’s search for the big Monkey’s abode was a success.

Solution:
QUESTION: 33

Liberalisation has gone hand in hand and has offered incentives for such things as personal initiative, ambition, loyalty, hard work, and resourcefulness.

Solution:
QUESTION: 34

I am not to eager to go to this movie because it did not get good reviews.

Solution:
QUESTION: 35

May I venture to say that I think this batting performance is the most superior I have ever seen?

Solution:
QUESTION: 36

(Direction 36 - 40) :

ONE-WORD SUBSTITUTION

Q. 

Perceptible to the ear

Solution:

audible means hearable

QUESTION: 37

Which can be easily believed

Solution:

credible means believable

QUESTION: 38

A government that is carried on through officers

Solution:

bureaucracy means officers run government

QUESTION: 39

One who deserts his religion

Solution:

apostate means unfaithful

QUESTION: 40

The state of being unmarried

Solution:

single means unmarried

Similar Content

Related tests