Reasoning Mock Test - 14


30 Questions MCQ Test Mock Test Series for CLAT 2020 | Reasoning Mock Test - 14


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QUESTION: 1

Statement: A shortage of bank branches and ATMs across India’s hinterland is holding back Prime Minister Narendra Modi’s financial inclusion efforts and risks angering rural voters ahead of elections next year. After taking office in 2014, Modi set an ambitious target to open a bank account for every household to ensure welfare funds flow directly to India’s poor while improving access to credit and insurance programs. He pushed policies that helped bring 310 million people into the formal banking system in just four years, according to the World Bank.
Based on the arguments stated below and the information stated above, which of the following arguments state the reason for the problem, ‘But many of India’s villages still lack bank branches or ATMs to help service new customers, while the pace of building new financial infrastructure has slowed’.
Arguments: I. Because Modi’s government effectively forced poor citizens into the banking system by linking some welfare benefits to bank accounts, villagers have ended up stuck in long queues and struggling with ATMs that often run out of cash or break down.
II. With an election due next year, the mismatch between the government’s policies and the rural banking system is generating frustration among a key slice of India’s electorate.
III. The banking system struggled to keep up, while some gains proved temporary. Nearly half of the Indian bank accounts were inactive in 2017, meaning they weren’t used at all in the last 12 months

Solution:

The correct answer is option d, i.e. None is strong.
We first make sure to read the statement carefully and then see what immediate inferences can be drawn based on our first reading. The next step is to look at the arguments given in the options, analyze them, and see if they seem relevant with respect to the information/data provided to us. Finally, it is very important to study the question closely.
Following the aforementioned steps, we must analyze the given statement and the corresponding question closely.
Argument (I) captures the essence of the failure of the policies but does not provide an answer to the question stated. It states people stood in queues outside the banks, whereas in the question we are asking the reason for the lack of bank branches’. As it is not relevant with the question asked, it can be rejected.
Argument (II) states the fact about ‘key slice of India’s electorate’ which is nowhere mentioned or can be derived from the given statement. Thus, it can be rejected.
Argument (III) is also inappropriate as it is the opposite of the question asked. In the question we are focused on the reason for the shortage of bank branches and services, it states that the accounts are inactive and many of the branches have not been used since a long time. Thus, diverting the question asked, it can also be rejected as an answer choice.
Thus, the correct answer is option 1.

QUESTION: 2

Statement: The World’s largest beer maker Heineken NV, the majority partner of United Breweries with Vijay Mallya, is understood to have sought legal opinion over its right to appoint a chairman at the Indian company. Heineken and some of its advisers believe that the shareholder agreement between Mallya and the beer giant has become null and void after India’s Enforcement Directorate attached his shares as part of its legal action against the liquor baron.
Which among the following arguments support the above statement in the best possible manner?
Arguments: I. UBL has stopped sharing confidential information with Mallya and has said that he is no longer privy to any strategic developments.
II. The board of UBL, India’s biggest beer company, had asked Mallya to either step down or appoint a nominee after the Securities and Exchange Board of India barred wilful defaulters from holding keyboard positions last year.
III. The company is functioning well and operations are in good shape but it is not good corporate governance to have an acting chairman for so long.

Solution:

The correct answer is option a, i.e. All except III and II are strong, i.e. only I is strong.
We first make sure to read the statement carefully and then see what immediate inferences can be drawn based on our first reading. The next step is to look at the arguments given in the options, analyze them, and see if they seem relevant with respect to the information/data provided to us. Finally, it is very important to study the question closely.
The above statement deals with the fact that the world’s largest beer maker Heineken NV is looking for a new Chairman.
Argument (II) can be rejected as it explicitly states the fact that India barred willful defaulters from holding key positions last year, then why such a step is being taken at this point of time. It is thus, not relevant and can be rejected.
Argument (III) can be eliminated as the answer choice as it states the fact that the company is functioning well and is in good shape. It is somewhat vague and moreover, not directed in the same sense as the given statement.
The issue is with the new Chairman. Argument (I) is the most appropriate assumption based on the facts stated. It sheds light on the fact that since, Heineken is looking for a new Chairman and is breaking all links with Vijay Mallya, and as a result has stopped sharing confidential information, a move indicating the action of searching or looking for a new Chairman.
Thus, option d captures the correct arguments that support the statement in the best possible manner and is our answer choice. Hence, the rest of the options can be rejected.

QUESTION: 3

The Pakistani Army and other establishments are rallying behind a controversial dam project on the Indus River in disputed territory that has taken on the new wind after India was frustrated on attempts by Islamabad to get international funding for years. The issue is set to snowball into a controversy with India opposing the project as it falls in Pakistan Occupied Kashmir (POK). Potential water wars between the two nations are a reality, with tensions flaring up after the 2016 Uri attack that left 19 soldiers dead. Prime Minister Narendra Modi has been vocal on water-sharing pacts between the nations and had famously told a review meeting of the Indus Waters Treaty in 2016 after the Uri attack that ‘raktaurpaanieksaathnahinbehsakta’ (blood and water cannot flow together).

Q. Which of the following is a logical corollary of the statement above?

Solution:

The correct answer is option d, i.e. None can be deduced.
From the question, we must understand the meaning of the word, ‘corollary’. A ‘corollary’ is a proposition that follows from (and is often appended to) one already proved. Thus, we must look for the option choice that logically follows the information given.
Following the steps, we must analyze all the option choices carefully. (a) can be rejected on first reading as no information as such regarding the fact that appeals have been made to overseas Pakistanis to donate money for the dam. (b) can also be rejected as although it can be inferred that Islamabad was desperately wanting for international funding for years but the fact that Pakistan is a disputed territory by the World and Asian Development Bank is not based on any strong evidence. Both (c) can also be rejected as nothing about the CPEC and the fact that officers have been told to donate money from their salaries, respectively is not evident from the facts stated.
As none of the option choices stated capture the essence of the statement thus, the most appropriate answer choice is option d.

QUESTION: 4

Popcorn may be a humble snack for moviegoers but for India's multiplex industry it is the diet on which its revenue gets the much-needed bump even when movies don't fire the bottom line. Food and beverage (F&B) segment has been a high earner at nearly 25% for multiplexes, and that's why allowing food from outside can dim the prospects for this growing sector.

Q. Which of the following can be concluded based on the information provided above?

Solution:

The correct answer is option c, i.e. For instance, a tub of popcorn in most multiplexes costs nearly two times the price of a movie ticket. This fact also reflects the financial numbers of many multiplex companies.
The focus in the above statement is on the multiplex industry generating income from popcorns. No matter the show goes flop or hit, popcorn satisfies a suitable income for the multiplexes. Based on the information stated, we must analyze all the option choices carefully. (a) can be rejected as we are not concerned with the ‘news sources of income’ our primary focus is the association of popcorn sale with the multiplexes. Based on the similar grounds we can reject (b) and (d). Option (c) states a link between the popcorn sale and the income generated from that and is thus, a suitable deduction that can be made based on the information provided. Thus, the most appropriate answer is option c.

QUESTION: 5

Two statements are followed by three conclusions I, II, and III. You have to consider the statements to be true, even if they seem to be at variance from commonly known facts. You are to decide which of the given conclusions can definitely be drawn from the given statements and indicate your answer accordingly.
Statements: I. Milk supply in Maharashtra was badly hit after thousands of dairy farmers launched a protest on Monday, demanding better price and subsidy of Rs 5 per litre. Tankers supplying milk to major cities including Mumbai, Pune, Nagpur, Nashik, and others were blocked early morning leading to a sudden crisis.
II. The agriculture ministry had mooted a proposal asking railways to make milk available at railway stations and the meeting, sources said representatives from Amul India suggested that the national transporter could provide stalls to dairy companies or cooperatives where they could sell their products. 
Conclusions: I. Representatives of Amul India and food safety body FSSAI are willing to discuss issues and concerns of the dairy sector in the backdrop of the farmer's agitation in Maharashtra that had led to a severe shortage of milk in the state.
II. The farmers' groups and Maharashtra Kisan Sabha, are demanding a GST waiver on butter and milk powder apart from the subsidy.
III. Railways are drawing up a plan to make milk available at railway stations across the country to promote its consumption.

Solution:

The correct answer is option a, i.e. Only conclusion III follows.
In this type of question, the conclusion is not specifically mentioned. It needs to be deduced from the given statements.
From both the statements, we infer that Maharashtra has been badly affected because of the protest by farmers and as a result, the agriculture ministry is planning to establish milk booths at railway stations.
On the basis of the conclusions mentioned, we can reject both first and second conclusion as they are vague. On the basis of the two statements, we cannot conclude any information regarding the FSSAI and the fact that farmers are demanding a GST waiver.
We know that they are protesting but the reason is not explicitly mentioned. As we cannot conclude anything which is not mentioned thus, both first and second conclusions can be rejected.
Conclusion III is a very general conclusion that can be made on the basis of the information provided in the two statements, thus, we can mark it as a suitable conclusion.
Thus, the most correct answer choice is option (a) and the rest of the options can be rejected.

QUESTION: 6

The Delhi High Court directed the Indian Air Force (IAF) to review and change its protocols dealing with issues of stress and substance abuse in the force, saying its systems have to be in tune with the law. The direction by a bench of justices S Muralidhar and Vinod Goel was issued as it disapproved of the manner in which the IAF had kept a 30-year-old corporal confined in a hospital's psychiatric ward as he was an alcoholic

Q. Which of the following can be logically inferred from the statement above?

Solution:

The correct answer is option b, i.e. The court was hearing a habeas corpus petition filed by the corporal's father, claiming his son was being illegally confined at the Army Base Hospital.
Both options c and d can be rejected on first reading as they introduce an independent idea and we cannot deduce anything that is not mentioned thus, options c and d can be rejected. Option a can also be eliminated as we cannot predict the motive of the court with surety (mentioned as ‘Court wants to make sure’). Sincenosuch information is evident from the statement, we can reject it. Option b makes a generalization that the court was hearing a petition filed by the corporal's family (hint: last sentence of the given statement). It is a perfect deduction that can be made based on the given information as it does not introduces any new idea nor violates any piece of information stated. Based on the above conclusions we can reject options a, c, and d, and thus, the most appropriate answer is option b.

QUESTION: 7

In what has been touted as the biggest Prime Day yet, Amazon India's 36-hour blockbuster sales event is finally here. Open exclusively for all its Prime members, this edition promises 200 new product launches from top brands, unparalleled deals, and top-notch video releases. While all categories are proposing massive discounts as well as great payment offers, shoppers will have myriad options to choose from among large appliances like washing machines, refrigerators, televisions as well as ACs and microwave ovens.

Q. Which of the following is a perfect conjecture based on the given piece of information?

Solution:

The correct answer is option c, i.e. Amazon Prime Day is giving shoppers a very unusual - and tempting - deal in the majority of the categories. Prime members can get their hands on a lot of products that too at massive discounts. In the question, it is stated that which of the following is a perfect conjecture, for understanding the question, we must first understand the meaning of the word ‘conjecture’. A ‘conjecture’ is an opinion or conclusion formed on the basis of incomplete information or in simple words we must look for a suitable option that can be inferred from the given information.
We first make sure to read the statement carefully and then see what immediate inferences can be drawn based on our first reading. The next step is to look at the statements given in the options, analyze them, and see if they seem relevant with respect to the information/data provided to us.
From the statement, we can infer that Amazon is offering exclusive deals to its members in its 36-hour blockbuster sales event. From the option choices mentioned, we can infer that all except option c are vague and can be rejected.
Option (a) is about the exact deal of ‘BPL's side by side refrigerator’ which is not backed up by any evidence from the given statement. Option (b) only talks about ‘refrigerators’ and as a result is very specific to just one product. Option (d) can also be rejected as no information regarding the delivery on 19 June is evident from the information provided. The option closest in meaning to this is option c. 

QUESTION: 8

In the question below, are given a statement followed by three courses of actions numbered I, II, and III. Based on the information given, you have to assume everything in the statement to be true, and then decide which of the suggested courses of action logically follow(s) for pursuing.
Statement:
India’s secretive nuclear missile tracking ship, which will become part of an elaborate missile shield being planned against attacks is successfully undergoing harbour trials and is set to be delivered by December. The VC11184, a specialized Ocean Surveillance Ship being built for the National Technical Research Organisation (NTRO), is on its way to completion just over four years after it was ordered as part of the Modi government’s focus on creating a nuclear missile shield for the nation.
Courses of action: 
I. The complex vessel, which will generate over 14 MW of power just to power up its tracking radars, will have multiple roles for India – from tracking enemy missiles to accurately giving data on tests that are routinely carried out of indigenous strategic missiles.
II. The next step will include sea trials by a joint team of the Indian Navy and the NTRO in which its specialized surveillance systems – three domeshaped antennas packed with sensors – will be extensively tested before the handing over.
III. The VC11184, which has not been given a formal ‘commissioning’ name yet, is one of the largest warships to be built at an Indian yard, weighing in at over 15,000 tonnes.

Solution:

The correct answer is option b, i.e. Neither I nor III follows, i.e. only II follows.
A course of action is something that needs to be done considering the present scenario in mind. From the statement, it is evident that India’s secretive nuclear missile tracking ship will get ready by this December.
From the options it is very much evident that even if one doesn’t understand the statement given we can still mark the answer choice.
The hint is evident at the beginning of the second course of action where the word ‘next step’ is mentioned. It clearly suggests that this is the appropriate course of action and also suggests that this is the nest step which will include sea trials. Both (I) and (III) can be rejected as (I) suggest what the vessel will do and does not suggest anything regarding the future course of action regarding the tracking ship. (III) is a very generic statement regarding the ship and in no way suggests a possible course of action thus, it can also be rejected. Thus, all the courses of action stated except (II) are irrelevant and can be rejected.

QUESTION: 9

The world’s largest online paid TV network Netflix may look at tweaking its premium strategy for India, as it finds itself lagging behind Hotstar and YouTube in the booming over-the-top (OTT) market. The US-headquartered company, which currently derives most of its streaming revenue from outside the US, may enter lower-priced segments to attract new subscribers. When asked about the Indian OTT market during the June-quarter earnings call. ‘We’re way behind YouTube, Hotstar. Those are the leaders on the internet’.

Q. Which of the following can be deduced from the above information?

Solution:

The correct answer is option a, i.e. In India, Netflix competes with a host of OTT players, including Amazon Prime Video and Star TV-run Hotstar that charge lower subscription fees.
We first make sure to read the statement carefully and then see what immediate inferences can be drawn based on our first reading. The next step is to look at the statements given in the options, analyze them, and see if they seem relevant with respect to the information/data provided to us.
Option a is the most evident answer choice and is a perfect deduction that can be made from the given statement. From the statement, it is evident that Netflix is competing with many players that offer subscriptions at low charges. The hint to this is evident from the statement which says ‘may enter lowerpriced segments to attract new subscribers’, from this we can deduce that earlier it was not charging as low as its competitors but now it may bring down its prices to compete with the other players.
Option b and c can be rejected because we cannot deduce anything from our side and the information provided in both the assumptions cannot be deduced from the given statement.
Option d can also be rejected as it is also not based on the information stated and states an independent fact regarding the growth patterns.
The option closest in meaning to this is option a. All the other options seem irrelevant with respect to the data provided in the statement. Hence, the correct answer is option a.

QUESTION: 10

The passage given below is followed by a question. Select the best answer from the choices given below. In the 1980s, 85 percent of the total workforce of Tamil Nadu was employed outside the state. This percentage has seen a steady decline ever since then and in 2010 stumbled to 30 percent. If the facts given in these statements are correct pertaining to the changes in the Tamil Nadu's workforce between 1980 and 2010. 

Q. Which of the following statement could be incorrect regarding the same.

Solution:

The most logical inference that can be drawn from the question statement is the fact that the percentage of the workforce has been declining since the 1980s. This means that people of Tamil Nadu are finding work in Tamil Nadu itself. Option A states before the 1980s people there knew Hindi too which was banned after the 1980s. This could be one of the reasons that hindered people from migrating to other cities for work as language plays a major role in deciding such things.
The second option says that Tamil Nadu created more job opportunities and hence the population did not find any reason to migrate for livelihood opportunities. The third option says that since the government of the other cities started the policy of giving jobs only on the basis of the 'sons of the soil' theory, people from Tamil Nadu were discouraged from going elsewhere. Option D is bizarre and goes beyond logic and is incorrect.

QUESTION: 11

Statement: “Beware! Recycled colored plastic bags contain harmful color pigments, which on coming in contact with food particles, make food unfit for consumption, resulting in severe food poison, allergies, and in extreme cases even death.” –A scientist. 
Assumptions:
I. Non-biodegradability nature makes plastic bags an environmental hazard.
II. Use of recycled coloured plastic bags is harmful and has cascading effects on human life 

Solution:

Non –biodegradable nature of plastic bag can’t be correlated with the statement because the statement does not say whether plastic is biodegradable nor non-biodegradable. Hence, I is not implicit. But II is obviously implicit. That is why the scientist uses the word ‘Beware’ in his statement before asserting the negative features of plastic. 

QUESTION: 12

It has been reported in recent years that a very large number of seats in the engineering colleges in the country remain vacant at the end of the admission session.

Q. Which of the following may be the probable cause of the above effect? 

Solution:

Option (a) may be the cause of vacant seat in the engineering colleges because due to the recession, the number of jobs available are decreasing day by day, hence the unemployment is increasing in the engineering sector.

QUESTION: 13

The condition of the roads in the city has deteriorated considerably during the first two months of monsoon and most of the roads have developed big potholes.

Q. Which of the following can be a possible effect of the above cause? 

Solution:

Option (b) may be a possible effect of big pig holes developed on the roads.

QUESTION: 14

Disaster management systems can safeguard India’s heritage from climate changes. India is a signatory to the 2015 Sendai Framework for Disaster Risk Reduction, which recognizes that the State has the primary role in reducing disaster risk, terrorism-related issues, and identifies heritage as a priority area.
Which of the following negates the given statement? 
I. The authority’s report also has detailed guidelines for museums on the systems that need to be put in place to tackle different kinds of threats.
II. The first-of-its-kind analysis by the National Disaster Management Authority (NDMA) of the threats shows that India’s museums face lists terrorism; climate-related events such as floods, earthquakes, and tsunamis; and vandalism.
III. Climate-related issues such as floods, earthquakes are not a matter of concern for Indian Heritage. 

Solution:

For I- This statement supports the given statement as it describes that the authority’s report also has detailed guidelines for museums to tackle different kinds of threats as given in the statement that Disaster management systems can safeguard India’s heritage. For II- This statement supports the given statement as it describes that analysis of NDMA shows that India’s museums face lists terrorism and climate-related events which is also mentioned in the given statement. For III- This statement does not support or negates the given statement as it describes that Climate-related issues are not a matter of concern for Indian Heritage whereas the given statement states that India’s Disaster management systems can safeguard its’ heritage from climate changes.

QUESTION: 15

Directions: Read the following information carefully and answer the questions:-
Six girls A, B, K, D, E, and P are standing in a row. B is between D and P, A does not stand next to either P or D. K does not stand next to D. E stands between A and K. 

Q. P stands between 

Solution:

QUESTION: 16

Directions: Read the following information carefully and answer the questions:-
Six girls A, B, K, D, E, and P are standing in a row. B is between D and P, A does not stand next to either P or D. K does not stand next to D. E stands between A and K. 

Q. Who occupy the extreme ends of the row? 

Solution:

QUESTION: 17

Directions: Read the following information carefully and answer the questions:-
Six girls A, B, K, D, E, and P are standing in a row. B is between D and P, A does not stand next to either P or D. K does not stand next to D. E stands between A and K. 

Q. K stands between? 

Solution:

The correct option is A.

QUESTION: 18

Directions: Which alternative applies to the following Statement or Assumptions? Choose the most appropriate option.

Q. ‘There is no man that is not naturally good’ is equivalent to the proposition:

Solution:
QUESTION: 19

Directions: Which alternative applies to the following Statement or Assumptions? Choose the most appropriate option.

Q. ‘Only ignorant people believe in witchcraft’ is equivalent to:

Solution:
QUESTION: 20

Wave: Crest as _________ : Peak.

Solution:
QUESTION: 21

In the series of alphabets given below, which is the missing alphabet series?
AX, DU, GR, ____, ML

Solution:

QUESTION: 22

Pointing to a woman a man says, “She is the sister-in-law of the only daughter of my mother-in-law’s husband”. How is the woman related to the man?

Solution:

QUESTION: 23

No parrots are black.
All crows are black.
From the above premises which one of the following conclusions is true?

Solution:

QUESTION: 24

Pointing to a girl in the photograph, Ram said, ‘Her mother`s brother is the only son of my mother's father’. How is the girl`s mother related to Ram?

Solution:

QUESTION: 25

A man walks 1 km. towards the East and then he turns to South and walks 5 km. Again he turns to East and walks 2 km. After this, he turns to North and walks 9 km. Now, how far is he from his starting point?

Solution:


Base = 2 + 1 = 3 km
Perpendicular = 4 km

= 25
= 5 km

QUESTION: 26

A 2100 member team consisting of Team Leaders and Athletes is attending a National Athletic Meet. For every 20 Athletes, there is one Team Leader. How many Team Leaders would be there in the team?

Solution:

Total = 2100
1 L → 20A
x L → 20A
20x + x = 2100
21x = 2100
x = 100
TL = 100

QUESTION: 27

Choose the pair of words from the options that best represents a similar relationship as the one expressed in the following pair of words.
WAITER: RESTAURANT

Solution:

Waiter works in the restaurant whereas the teacher works in the school.

QUESTION: 28

Examine the series and identify the missing number:
46, 44, 40, 38, 34, ...

Solution:

QUESTION: 29

Identify the argument which cannot be accepted

Solution:
QUESTION: 30

Direction: Select the pair that best expressed a relationship similar to the one expressed in the question pair.

Q. Statute: Law

Solution:

Statue can be similar to the law in the same way provision is similar to the clause.

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