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# Test: Logical Reasoning

## 40 Questions MCQ Test Mock Test Series for CLAT 2022 | Test: Logical Reasoning

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Attempt Test: Logical Reasoning | 40 questions in 30 minutes | Mock test for CLAT preparation | Free important questions MCQ to study Mock Test Series for CLAT 2022 for CLAT Exam | Download free PDF with solutions
QUESTION: 1

### Directions (1-3): Read the following information carefully and answer the questions based on it:- Six girls are sitting in a circle. Sonia is sitting opposite to Radhika. Poonam is sitting right of Radhika but left of Deepti. Monika is sitting left of Radhika. Kamini is sitting right of Sonia and left of Monika. Now Deepti and Kamini, Monika and Radhika mutually exchange their positions. Q. Who will be opposite to Sonia?

Solution:

Sitting pattern after interchange

QUESTION: 2

### Six girls are sitting in a circle. Sonia is sitting opposite to Radhika. Poonam is sitting right of Radhika but left of Deepti. Monika is sitting left of Radhika. Kamini is sitting right of Sonia and left of Monika. Now Deepti and Kamini, Monika and Radhika mutually exchange their positions. Q.  Who will be sitting to the left of Kamini?

Solution:

Sitting pattern after interchange

QUESTION: 3

### Six girls are sitting in a circle. Sonia is sitting opposite to Radhika. Poonam is sitting right of Radhika but left of Deepti. Monika is sitting left of Radhika. Kamini is sitting right of Sonia and left of Monika. Now Deepti and Kamini, Monika and Radhika mutually exchange their positions. Q.  Who will be sitting to the left of Deepti?

Solution:

Sitting pattern after interchange

QUESTION: 4

A is sister of B. C is brother of D. If D is a sister of A, how is B related to D?

Solution:

= Either Brother or Sister

QUESTION: 5

M is sister of D. D is brother of K.F is mother of M. How is K related to F?

Solution:

= Son or Daughter

QUESTION: 6

B is brother of D. D is sister of E. E is brother of F. How is F related to B?

Solution:

= F is either Brother or sister

QUESTION: 7

Directions (7-11): In the following, you have to make decision about important issues. While doing so, it is desirable to be able to distinguish between ‘strong arguments’ and ‘weak arguments’, so far as they relate to the questions 7 to 11. Strong arguments must be both important and directly related to the question. Weak arguments may not be directly related or may be related to trivial aspects of the question, and may be of minor importance

Q.

The private lives of public figures must not be discussed in the press.

I. YES: The press has no right to invade the privacy of an individual, public or otherwise.
II. NO: Public figures must be used to curiosity about their private lives.
III. YES: The Press has a pressing need to be relevant and balanced.
IV. NO: Public figures are not very sensitive people.

Solution:
QUESTION: 8

Child marriages must be strongly discouraged.

I. YES: This is an evil affecting those who need the most protection.
II. NO: The custom started with some justification behind it, that must be understood, and a fine is sufficient.
III. YES: Strong and effective legislation is definitely a deterrent to such social crimes.
IV. NO: Child marriages are but children’s play, after all.

Solution:
QUESTION: 9

God exists

I. YES: If he did not exist, we would not exist.
II. NO: There is no scientific evidence available.
III. YES: An idea of man exists, that idea is God.
IV. No: Because man controls his destiny.

Solution:
QUESTION: 10

I. YES: Result will be more representative of the choice of the people
II. NO: Compulsion is no fun.
III. YES: Leaders will govern better.
IV. YES: India is a democracy.

Solution:
QUESTION: 11

I. YES: How many people can read?
II. NO: If it was wasteful, then nobody would advertise
III. NO: Advertising industry employs a lot of people

IV. NO: Pleasant pictures are worth a thousand words.

Solution:
QUESTION: 12

If December 2, 2008 was Tuesday, the day on the 217th day after December 2, 2008 would be:

Solution:

No. of odd days in 217
217/7 = 0 odd day
Therefore required day = Tuesday

QUESTION: 13

A farmer built a fence around his square plot. He used 27 fence poles on each side of the square. How many poles did he need altogether?

Solution:

Since each pole at the corner of the plot is common to its two sides, so we have:
Total number of poles needed = 27 x 4 – 4 = 108 – 4 = 104.

QUESTION: 14

An institute organized a fete and 1/5 of the girls and 1/8 of the boys participated in the same. What fraction of the total number of students took part in the fete?

Solution:

Out of 5 girls, 1 took part in fete. Out of 8 boys, 1 took part in fete.
∴ Out of 13 students, 2 took part in fete.
Hence, 2/13 of the total number took part in fete.

QUESTION: 15

In a certain code, SIKKIM is written as THLJJL. How is TRAINING written in that code?

Solution:

QUESTION: 16

Directions (Q. 16 - 17): Answer which of the four responses is correct.

Q.

“Justice should not only be done, but seen to have been done”. The statement intends to convey the message that

Solution:
QUESTION: 17

“Every society gets the government it deserves and it is true for India as well”.The statement intends to explain

Solution:
QUESTION: 18

There are 4 qualifying examinations to enter into IIMs; CAT, BAT, SAT, and PAT. An IIT ian cannot go to IIMs through BAT or SAT. A CA, on the other hand, can go to the IIMs through the CAT, BAT and PAT but not through SAT. Further, there are 3 ways to become a CA (viz. Foundation, Inter and Final). Find the ratio of number of ways in which an IITian can make it to IIM to the number of ways a CA can make it to the IIMs?

Solution:

D is the correct option. Solution-
IITian can make it through BAT or SAT so 2 ways; CA can make it through CAT BAT OR PAT so 3 ways; further to become CA there are 3 ways so 3×3=9 ways. So, the Ratio = 9:2

QUESTION: 19

Directions (Q. 19 to 23): Read the following data and use it for answering the questions that follow:

A shopkeeper is preparing gift boxes of mithai. Each box will contain exactly two kinds of pedhas to be selected from F, G, and exactly three kinds of rasgollas to be selected from P, Q, R, S and T, with the following restrictions.

I. G cannot be in the same box as T
II. P cannot be in the same box as S
III. Q cannot be in the same box as T

Q.

If G is included in a box which of the following is a kind of mithai that must also be included?

Solution:
QUESTION: 20

A shopkeeper is preparing gift boxes of candy. Each box will contain exactly two kinds of hard candy to be selected from F, G and H and exactly three kinds of soft candy to be selected from P, Q, R, S and T with the following restrictions.

I. G cannot be in the same box as T
II. P cannot be in the same box as S
III. Q cannot be in the same box as T

Q. If H is not included in a particular box, any of the following kinds of mithais can be included except

Solution:
QUESTION: 21

A shopkeeper is preparing gift boxes of mithai. Each box will contain exactly two kinds of pedhas to be selected from F, G, and exactly three kinds of rasgollas to be selected from P, Q, R, S and T, with the following restrictions.

I. G cannot be in the same box as T
II. P cannot be in the same box as S
III. Q cannot be in the same box as T

Q.

Which of the following kind of mithais must be included in each of the boxes?

Solution:
QUESTION: 22

A shopkeeper is preparing gift boxes of mithai. Each box will contain exactly two kinds of pedhas to be selected from F, G, and exactly three kinds of rasgollas to be selected from P, Q, R, S and T, with the following restrictions.

I. G cannot be in the same box as T
II. P cannot be in the same box as S
III. Q cannot be in the same box as T

Q.

If T is includes in a box, the box must also include which of the following kinds of mithai?

Solution:
QUESTION: 23

A shopkeeper is preparing gift boxes of mithai. Each box will contain exactly two kinds of pedhas to be selected from F, G, and exactly three kinds of rasgollas to be selected from P, Q, R, S and T, with the following restrictions.

I. G cannot be in the same box as T
II. P cannot be in the same box as S
III. Q cannot be in the same box as T

Q.

In a box that contains an acceptable assortment of mithais, which of the following substitutions will always result in another acceptable assortment?

Solution:
QUESTION: 24

Directions: (24-25):  In the following questions three statements are followed by a conclusion. Study the statements and the conclusion and point out which statements studied together will brings us to the conclusion.

Q.

Statements:

(1) Communism adopted violent methods for changing the existing order.
(2) It overthrew imperialism with the help of non violence.
(3) Communists are anit-imperialists.

Conclusion:

India is not a communist country:

Solution:
QUESTION: 25

Statements:

(1) Price rise is a natural phenomenon.
(2) If production increases prices fall.
(3) High prices affect the poor.

Conclusion:

If production rises the poor feel relieved:

Solution:
QUESTION: 26

Directions (26 – 28): In each of these questions, a statement is followed by two conclusions (a) and (b). You have to assume everything in the statement to be true, and consider both the conclusions together, and then decide which of the two given conclusions logically follow beyond a reasonable doubt from the information given in the statement. Mark answer:

Q.

Statement:

Democracy is but election by the incompetent many for appointment of the corrupt few.

Conclusions:

(A) Democracy aggravates corruption

Solution:
QUESTION: 27

Statement:

onstitutional morality is not a natural sentiment.

Conclusions

(A) Constitutional morality is to be cultivated
(B) Sentiments are innate

Solution:
QUESTION: 28

Statement:

Strikes are an inherent right of the working men for the purpose of securing justice.

Conclusions

(A) Workers cannot get justice unless they go on strike.
(B) Every working man must defend his inherent right.

Solution:
QUESTION: 29

You have been caught red-handed in an office, looking into a file marked ‘Strictly Confidential’. What will be your most reasonable action in the situation?

Solution:

D is the correct option. In such a situation standing rooted to the ground is the best option for anyone because everyone does anything for a reason and it is best to stand on that ground and explain such reason.

QUESTION: 30

Here are some imaginary situations. Choose the most rational course of action under the given circumstances. You are chosen as counsellor following a family-feud. In order to help ease out tensions, what course of action will you select as the best?

Solution:
QUESTION: 31

Solution:

QUESTION: 32

Solution:

4 + 8 + 9 + 7 = 28
3 + 7 + 8 + 6 = 24

QUESTION: 33

EMBARRASS : HUMILIATE :: ?

Solution:

E M B A R R A S S  : H U MI L A T E
Antonyms
Annoy : Exasperate

QUESTION: 34

ABCD : WXYZ :: EFGH :?

Solution:

QUESTION: 35

Directions: (35-36): Each interrogative statement is followed by two arguments. You are to pick up one of the following.

Q.

Are we happier than our ancestors?

(M) Yes, because we enjoy all the luxuries of life.
(N) No, because life has become very fast and there is mental strain.

Solution:

The correct option  is C.
Both the arguments are strong in their aspect.

QUESTION: 36

Should strikes be banned in all services?

(X) Yes, because strike causes a lot of inconvenience to the people.
(Y) No, because this is the only method of getting grievances redressed.

Solution:
QUESTION: 37

Directions (37-39): In each of these questions, a statement is followed by two conclusions (A) and (B). You have to assume everything in the statement to be true, and consider them together and then decide which of the two given conclusions logically follow beyond a reasonable doubt from the information given in the statement. Mark answer.

Q.

Statement – There is a difference between the natural slavery of man to natural and unnatural slavery of man to man. Nature is kind to her slaves. If she forces you to eat and drink, she makes eating and drinking pleasant. Instead of resenting our natural wants as slavery, we take to greatest pleasure in satisfaction. The slavery of man to man is hateful to the body and spirit of man.

Conclusions

(A) Natural slavery means observing natural laws
(B) Slavery is unworthy of human nature and still it continues in one form or another

Solution:
QUESTION: 38

Statement – One research study reveals that children’s personality can’t be understood without detailed study about their home environment.

Conclusions

(A) Teacher’s as well as parents’ role are equally importance for the child
(B) Schools are ignoring the importance of home atmosphere

Solution:
QUESTION: 39

Statement – If you keep the Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes out of offices or factories or frighten them with bad behavior or assaults, you drive them back to the underdeveloped parts of the country or change their religion or even to forests, where they breed rapidly. This way you create a problem for future generations.

Conclusions

(A) Scheduled Castes and Scheduled Tribes should be given preference in jobs
(B) Uncivilized people should be kept away if quick progress is desired

Solution:
QUESTION: 40

The door of Aditya's house faces the East. From the back side of his house, he walks straight 50 metres, then turns to the right and walks 50 metres again. Finally, he turns towards left and stops after walking 25 metres. Now, Aditya is in which direction from the starting point?

Solution:

Since Aditya’s house faces towards East and he walks from backside of his house, it means that he starts walking towards West. Thus, the movements of Aditya are as shown in Fig. (A to B, B to C, C to D).

Clearly, Aditya’s final position is D which is to the North-west of the starting point A.

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