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Test: Local Government and Administration - 1 - Class 6 MCQ


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10 Questions MCQ Test International Social Studies Olympiad for Class 6 - Test: Local Government and Administration - 1

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Test: Local Government and Administration - 1 - Question 1

What is the main purpose of rural administration in villages?

Detailed Solution for Test: Local Government and Administration - 1 - Question 1
Main Purpose of Rural Administration in Villages

  • Law and Order: One of the main purposes of rural administration in villages is to maintain law and order. This includes ensuring the safety and security of the residents, as well as enforcing laws and regulations to prevent crime and maintain peace in the community.


  • Basic Necessities: Another important aspect of rural administration is to provide basic necessities to all villages. This includes access to clean water, electricity, sanitation facilities, and other essential services that are crucial for the well-being of the residents.


  • Economic Development: Rural administration plays a key role in promoting economic development in villages. This involves creating opportunities for employment, supporting local businesses, and implementing policies that stimulate growth and prosperity in the community.


  • Education and Healthcare: Lastly, rural administration aims to promote education and healthcare in villages. This includes building schools, providing healthcare facilities, and implementing programs that improve the overall quality of life for residents.

Test: Local Government and Administration - 1 - Question 2

In case of a dispute, people can register complaints in any police station, regardless of their area.

Detailed Solution for Test: Local Government and Administration - 1 - Question 2
Dispute Resolution in Police Stations

  • False: People cannot register complaints in any police station regardless of their area.

  • Explanation: It is important to note that generally, complaints should be registered at the police station within the jurisdiction where the incident occurred. This is because different police stations have specific areas of responsibility and authority.

  • Legal Jurisdiction: Each police station is responsible for handling cases within its designated area. Therefore, if a dispute arises, individuals should ideally report the incident to the police station in the locality where it occurred.

  • Exceptions: There may be certain situations where a complaint can be registered at a police station outside the jurisdiction. This usually happens in cases involving serious crimes or when the victim is unable to reach their local police station.

  • Importance of Jurisdiction: Registering complaints at the appropriate police station ensures that the case is handled efficiently and effectively. It allows for proper investigation and follow-up actions by the police authorities.

Test: Local Government and Administration - 1 - Question 3

The report lodged at a police station when registering a case is known as ____________.

Detailed Solution for Test: Local Government and Administration - 1 - Question 3
Explanation:

  • First Information Report (F.I.R.): The report lodged at a police station when registering a case is known as the First Information Report (F.I.R.).

  • Purpose: The purpose of an F.I.R. is to set the process of criminal justice in motion and to investigate the facts and circumstances of the case.

  • Contents: An F.I.R. typically includes details such as the date, time, place of the incident, the name of the complainant, the nature of the offense, and a brief description of the events.

  • Legal Significance: The F.I.R. is an important document as it forms the basis of the investigation and subsequent legal proceedings related to the case.

  • Registration: The F.I.R. is registered by the police upon receiving a complaint from the victim or a witness of the crime.

Test: Local Government and Administration - 1 - Question 4

What is the main responsibility of a tehsildar in the management of land in a village?

Detailed Solution for Test: Local Government and Administration - 1 - Question 4
Main Responsibility of a Tehsildar in the Management of Land in a Village

  • Supervising the work of Patwari: The main responsibility of a Tehsildar in the management of land in a village is to supervise the work of the Patwari regarding the collection of land revenue. The Patwari is responsible for maintaining land records, collecting revenue, and updating land ownership details. The Tehsildar oversees the Patwari's work to ensure that all land revenue is collected accurately and on time.



  • Regulating the sale and purchase of land: Another important responsibility of a Tehsildar is to regulate the sale and purchase of land in the village. They ensure that all land transactions are done legally and that the land records are updated accordingly. This helps in preventing any disputes or discrepancies related to land ownership.



  • Resolving land-related disputes: Tehsildars also play a crucial role in resolving land-related disputes in the village. They act as mediators between parties involved in land disputes and work towards finding a fair and just resolution. This helps in maintaining peace and harmony in the village.



  • Ensuring proper land utilization: Tehsildars are responsible for ensuring that land in the village is utilized properly. They may be involved in land development projects, irrigation schemes, and other initiatives to improve land productivity. By overseeing these activities, they contribute to the overall development of the village.



  • Reporting to higher authorities: Tehsildars also have to report to higher authorities regarding land management in the village. They provide updates on land revenue collection, land transactions, disputes, and other relevant information. This helps in maintaining transparency and accountability in land management.


By effectively carrying out these responsibilities, Tehsildars play a key role in the management of land in a village and contribute to the overall development and well-being of the community.
Test: Local Government and Administration - 1 - Question 5

Match the following:

Test: Local Government and Administration - 1 - Question 6

The Hindu Succession Amendment Act (2005) grants equal land share to sons, daughters, and mothers.

Detailed Solution for Test: Local Government and Administration - 1 - Question 6
Explanation:

  • Background: The Hindu Succession Amendment Act (2005) was enacted to amend the Hindu Succession Act, 1956, to provide for equality in inheritance rights among Hindu families.

  • Equal Land Share: The amendment grants equal land share to sons, daughters, and mothers in Hindu families. Previously, only sons had a right to inherit ancestral property.

  • Impact: This amendment has brought about a significant change in the inheritance laws in India, ensuring that daughters and mothers are also entitled to a share of the ancestral property.

  • Legal Protection: The Act aims to promote gender equality and protect the rights of women in Hindu families, ensuring that they are not discriminated against in matters of inheritance.

  • Implementation: The Act has been instrumental in empowering women and promoting gender equality in society by providing them with equal rights to ancestral property.

Test: Local Government and Administration - 1 - Question 7

Urbanization has led to issues such as narrow roads, traffic jams, water and electricity shortage, and lack of basic civic amenities in ____________.

Detailed Solution for Test: Local Government and Administration - 1 - Question 7
Effects of Urbanization on Cities

  • Narrow Roads: Urbanization leads to an increase in population and vehicles, resulting in narrower roads that are unable to handle the traffic flow efficiently.

  • Traffic Jams: As cities become more populated, traffic congestion becomes a common issue due to the lack of proper road infrastructure and planning.

  • Water and Electricity Shortage: The rapid urbanization puts a strain on the existing water and electricity supply systems, leading to shortages and inadequate distribution of these essential resources.

  • Lack of Basic Civic Amenities: Urban areas often struggle to provide basic services such as sanitation, waste management, healthcare, and education to their growing population.


Solutions to Urbanization Issues

  • Urban Planning: Proper urban planning is essential to address the challenges of urbanization by ensuring efficient land use, infrastructure development, and service provision.

  • Investment in Infrastructure: Governments and city authorities need to invest in expanding and upgrading infrastructure such as roads, public transportation, water supply, and electricity grids.

  • Public Participation: Involving the community in decision-making processes and urban development projects can lead to more sustainable and inclusive solutions to urbanization issues.

  • Sustainable Development: Promoting sustainable practices such as green building designs, renewable energy sources, and efficient waste management can help mitigate the negative impacts of urbanization on cities.

Test: Local Government and Administration - 1 - Question 8

Who is responsible for maintaining tubelights on the street?

Detailed Solution for Test: Local Government and Administration - 1 - Question 8
Responsibility for maintaining tubelights on the street:

  • The Municipal Committee or Municipal Council: It is the responsibility of the local municipal committee or council to ensure that street lights, including tubelights, are properly maintained and working efficiently.

  • Regular inspections: The municipal authorities should conduct regular inspections to identify any faulty tubelights and replace them promptly to ensure the safety and security of the residents.

  • Timely repairs: Any complaints regarding non-functioning tubelights should be addressed promptly by the municipal committee to maintain proper lighting on the streets.

  • Budget allocation: The municipal committee should allocate a sufficient budget for the maintenance and repair of street lights, including tubelights, to ensure that they are in good working condition.

  • Citizen awareness: While it is the responsibility of the municipal authorities to maintain street lights, citizens can also play a role by reporting any issues they notice and cooperating with the authorities to ensure proper maintenance.

Test: Local Government and Administration - 1 - Question 9

All citizens above 18 years can vote in municipal elections.

Detailed Solution for Test: Local Government and Administration - 1 - Question 9
Explanation:

  • Legal Voting Age: In most countries, the legal voting age for municipal elections is 18 years old. This means that all citizens above the age of 18 are eligible to vote in these elections.


  • Municipal Elections: Municipal elections are local elections that determine the leadership and policies of a city or town. These elections are separate from national or state elections, and the voting requirements may vary.


  • Civic Responsibility: Voting is a fundamental right and responsibility of all citizens in a democratic society. It allows individuals to have a say in the governance of their community and to participate in the decision-making process.


  • Importance of Voting: By participating in municipal elections, citizens can help shape the future of their local area, influence policies that directly impact their lives, and hold elected officials accountable for their actions.


  • Conclusion: Therefore, it is true that all citizens above 18 years can vote in municipal elections, as this is a basic principle of democratic governance.

Test: Local Government and Administration - 1 - Question 10

The Municipal Corporation provides for hospitals, public utilities, record of births and deaths, and builds roads, bridges, etc. in ____________.

Detailed Solution for Test: Local Government and Administration - 1 - Question 10
Explanation:

  • Municipal Corporation: The Municipal Corporation is responsible for providing essential services like hospitals, public utilities, maintaining records of births and deaths, and infrastructure development in urban areas.

  • Services Provided: The Municipal Corporation builds and maintains hospitals, public utilities such as water supply and sanitation, and infrastructure like roads and bridges.

  • Areas Covered: Municipal Corporations operate in cities and are responsible for the administration and governance of urban areas.

  • Role in Cities: Municipal Corporations play a crucial role in managing the day-to-day affairs of cities, ensuring the well-being and development of urban residents.

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