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Test: Fundamentals of Computer- 1 - Class 10 MCQ


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10 Questions MCQ Test Olympiad Preparation for Class 10 - Test: Fundamentals of Computer- 1

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Test: Fundamentals of Computer- 1 - Question 1

In order to play and hear sound on a computer, one needs:

Detailed Solution for Test: Fundamentals of Computer- 1 - Question 1
Answer:
To play and hear sound on a computer, one needs:
A sound card:
- A sound card is a hardware component that allows the computer to produce and process audio.
- It is responsible for converting digital audio signals into analog signals that can be played through speakers or headphones.
- The sound card also provides various audio input and output ports for connecting external devices.
Speakers:
- Speakers are output devices that convert electrical signals into sound waves.
- They are connected to the sound card and produce audio output based on the signals received.
- Speakers come in different types and configurations, such as stereo speakers, surround sound speakers, and portable speakers.
Microphone (not required for playing sound):
- A microphone is an input device that converts sound waves into electrical signals.
- While a microphone is not necessary for playing sound on a computer, it is required for recording audio or for voice communication in applications such as video conferencing or gaming.
In summary, to play and hear sound on a computer, a sound card and speakers are required. A microphone is not necessary unless audio recording or voice communication is needed.
Test: Fundamentals of Computer- 1 - Question 2

Which device is required for the Internet connection?

Detailed Solution for Test: Fundamentals of Computer- 1 - Question 2
Device Required for Internet Connection:
There are several devices required for an internet connection, but the specific device mentioned in the question is a modem. Here is a detailed explanation of why a modem is required for an internet connection:
1. What is a Modem?
A modem is a device that connects your computer or network to the internet. It acts as a bridge between your local network and the internet service provider (ISP).
2. Functions of a Modem:
A modem performs several important functions in establishing an internet connection:
- Signal Conversion: A modem converts digital signals from your computer into analog signals that can be transmitted over the telephone or cable lines. It also converts analog signals received from the ISP back into digital signals that your computer can understand.
- Transmission: The modem sends and receives data over the communication line, allowing you to access the internet.
- Authentication: Modems authenticate your connection to the ISP, ensuring that you are a valid user and have the necessary credentials to access the internet.
- IP Address Assignment: Modems assign IP addresses to devices connected to your network, enabling them to communicate with other devices on the internet.
3. Types of Modems:
There are different types of modems based on the type of internet connection:
- Dial-up Modem: This type of modem uses a telephone line to establish a connection. It is an older technology and is relatively slow compared to other types of modems.
- DSL Modem: DSL (Digital Subscriber Line) modems use existing telephone lines to provide high-speed internet access.
- Cable Modem: Cable modems connect to a cable TV line to provide high-speed internet access. They are commonly used in residential and commercial settings.
- Fiber Optic Modem: Fiber optic modems use fiber optic cables to transmit data at extremely high speeds. They are known for their reliability and fast internet speeds.
In conclusion, a modem is an essential device required for an internet connection. It allows your computer or network to communicate with the ISP and access the internet.
Test: Fundamentals of Computer- 1 - Question 3

Modulator-demodulator is a device that converts

Detailed Solution for Test: Fundamentals of Computer- 1 - Question 3
Modulator-demodulator
A modulator-demodulator, also known as a modem, is a device that converts signals between digital and analog form. It is commonly used to transmit data over telephone lines.
Functions of a Modem
- Modulation: The modem converts digital data into analog signals that can be transmitted over analog communication channels such as telephone lines. This process is called modulation.
- Demodulation: On the receiving end, the modem converts the analog signals back into digital data. This process is called demodulation.
Conversion Process
- Digital to Analog Conversion: The modem takes digital signals consisting of 0s and 1s and converts them into analog signals that can be transmitted over analog channels. This conversion process involves techniques such as amplitude modulation (AM), frequency modulation (FM), or phase modulation (PM).
- Analog to Digital Conversion: On the receiving end, the modem takes the analog signals and converts them back into digital signals. This conversion process involves techniques such as amplitude demodulation (ADM), frequency demodulation (FDM), or phase demodulation (PDM).
Modem Types
- Analog Modem: Converts digital signals to analog signals for transmission over analog communication channels.
- Digital Modem: Converts analog signals to digital signals for transmission over digital communication channels.
Conclusion
A modulator-demodulator, or modem, is a device that performs the conversion between digital and analog signals. It converts digital signals into analog signals for transmission and converts analog signals back into digital signals for reception. Therefore, the correct answer is C: Both A and B.
Test: Fundamentals of Computer- 1 - Question 4

The communication line between the CPU, memory and peripherals is called a

Detailed Solution for Test: Fundamentals of Computer- 1 - Question 4
Answer:
The communication line between the CPU, memory, and peripherals is called a bus. The bus serves as a pathway for data and instructions to flow between these components. It allows the CPU to access and transfer data to and from memory and peripherals.
Here is a detailed explanation of the communication line between the CPU, memory, and peripherals:
Bus:
- The bus is a set of wires that connect the CPU, memory, and peripherals.
- It consists of multiple lines, each serving a specific purpose, such as address lines, data lines, and control lines.
- The address lines are used to specify the location of data or instructions in memory.
- The data lines are used to transfer actual data between the CPU, memory, and peripherals.
- The control lines are used to manage the flow of data and instructions and to synchronize the activities of the different components.
- The bus operates on a specific protocol, which defines how data is transmitted and received.
Importance of the bus:
- The bus plays a crucial role in computer systems as it enables communication between the CPU, memory, and peripherals.
- It allows the CPU to read instructions from memory, fetch data from memory, and send data to peripherals.
- The bus also facilitates the transfer of data between different components, enabling the smooth operation of the entire system.
In conclusion, the communication line between the CPU, memory, and peripherals is called a bus. It serves as a pathway for data and instructions to flow between these components, enabling the operation of a computer system.
Test: Fundamentals of Computer- 1 - Question 5

A bootstrap is:

Detailed Solution for Test: Fundamentals of Computer- 1 - Question 5
A bootstrap is:

  • Definition: A bootstrap is a small initialization program that starts up a computer system. It is responsible for loading and executing the operating system or other software components necessary for the system to function.

  • Function: The bootstrap program resides in the computer's firmware or read-only memory (ROM) and is automatically executed when the system is powered on or restarted.

  • Initialization: The bootstrap program initializes the hardware components of the computer, such as the processor, memory, and input/output devices.

  • Bootloader: The bootstrap program then loads and executes a more complex bootloader, which further initializes the system and loads the operating system or other software from storage devices, such as hard drives or solid-state drives.

  • Chain of Execution: The bootstrap process involves a chain of execution, where each component in the chain is responsible for loading and executing the next component until the operating system is fully loaded and running.

  • Importance: The bootstrap program is crucial for the proper functioning of a computer system as it ensures that the necessary software is loaded and executed in the correct order.


In summary, a bootstrap is a small initialization program that starts up a computer system by loading and executing the necessary software components, such as the operating system. It plays a critical role in the boot process and ensures the proper functioning of the system.
Test: Fundamentals of Computer- 1 - Question 6

The operating system is also called the ______ between the user and the computer.

Detailed Solution for Test: Fundamentals of Computer- 1 - Question 6
The operating system is also called the Interface between the user and the computer.
Explanation:
- An operating system is a software that manages computer hardware and software resources and provides common services for computer programs.
- It acts as an intermediary between the user and the computer, allowing the user to interact with the computer hardware and software.
- The operating system provides a user-friendly interface that enables users to perform various tasks and access computer resources easily.
- It translates user commands and instructions into a language that the computer can understand and execute.
- The operating system also manages and allocates system resources such as memory, processing power, and input/output devices.
- It allows users to run multiple programs simultaneously and ensures that they do not interfere with each other.
- The operating system also handles system errors, manages file systems, and provides security features to protect the computer and user data.
- Overall, the operating system serves as a bridge between the user and the computer, enabling efficient and effective communication and interaction.
Test: Fundamentals of Computer- 1 - Question 7

Computers use which of the following number systems to store information?

Detailed Solution for Test: Fundamentals of Computer- 1 - Question 7
Computers use base 2 number system to store information.

The base 2 number system, also known as the binary number system, is used by computers to store and process information. This system uses only two digits, 0 and 1, to represent all numbers and characters. Here is how computers use the base 2 number system:


Binary Digits:

  • In the base 2 number system, each digit is called a binary digit or bit.

  • A bit can either be 0 or 1, representing the two possible states of a switch (off or on) in a computer's electronic circuitry.

  • Bits are combined to represent numbers, characters, and other types of data.


Binary Representation:

  • Binary numbers are written using powers of 2, with the rightmost digit representing 2^0 (1), the next digit representing 2^1 (2), the next digit representing 2^2 (4), and so on.

  • For example, the binary number 1010 represents (1 * 2^3) + (0 * 2^2) + (1 * 2^1) + (0 * 2^0) = 8 + 0 + 2 + 0 = 10.


Storage and Processing:

  • Computers store all data in binary form, using a series of 0s and 1s.

  • Memory cells in a computer's hardware are designed to store and retrieve binary information.

  • Processors perform calculations and operations using binary logic and arithmetic.


Overall, computers use the base 2 number system because it is compatible with the electronic circuitry and logical operations of digital computers. The binary system allows computers to represent and process information in a way that is efficient and reliable.

Test: Fundamentals of Computer- 1 - Question 8

A KB represents ______ bytes.

Detailed Solution for Test: Fundamentals of Computer- 1 - Question 8

To determine the number of bytes represented by a KB (kilobyte), we need to understand the conversion factor between kilobytes and bytes.
- 1 kilobyte (KB) = 1,000 bytes
Given the options provided, we can determine that the correct answer is option B, which states that a KB represents 1,000 bytes.
Here is a breakdown of the options and their representations in bytes:
- Option A: 8 bytes - This is not the correct answer as 8 bytes is much smaller than a kilobyte.
- Option B: 1,000 bytes - This is the correct answer as 1 kilobyte is equal to 1,000 bytes.
- Option C: 1,000,000 bytes - This is not the correct answer as 1 kilobyte is much smaller than 1,000,000 bytes.
- Option D: 1,000,000,000 bytes - This is not the correct answer as 1 kilobyte is much smaller than 1,000,000,000 bytes.
Therefore, the correct answer is option B, which states that a kilobyte represents 1,000 bytes.
Test: Fundamentals of Computer- 1 - Question 9

A computer sometimes ‘freezes’ so that the programs that are running are no longer usable. What must a user do when her computer ‘freezes’?

Detailed Solution for Test: Fundamentals of Computer- 1 - Question 9
What to do when a computer freezes

When a computer freezes and becomes unresponsive, there are several steps a user can take to address the issue:



  • Press 'CTRL' + 'ALT' + 'Delete' to view the task manager: This key combination will bring up the task manager, which allows the user to see which programs or processes are causing the freeze. From here, the user can end unresponsive tasks or processes to unfreeze the computer.

  • Wait for the computer to unfreeze: Sometimes, the freeze is temporary and the computer will recover on its own. In this case, it's best to wait a few minutes to see if the computer becomes responsive again.

  • Restart the computer: If the computer remains frozen and unresponsive, the user can perform a manual restart. This can be done by pressing and holding the power button until the computer shuts down. Afterward, the user can turn the computer back on and check if the issue persists.

  • Check for overheating: Overheating can cause a computer to freeze. Ensure that the computer's fans are working properly and that the vents are not blocked by dust or other obstructions. If necessary, clean the vents or use a cooling pad to prevent overheating.

  • Update drivers and software: Outdated drivers or incompatible software can lead to system freezes. It is recommended to regularly update drivers and keep software up to date to prevent such issues.

  • Scan for malware: Malware infections can also cause a computer to freeze. Running a thorough scan with reliable antivirus software can help identify and remove any malware that may be causing the problem.


It's important to note that if the computer freezes frequently or the issue persists even after trying these steps, it may indicate a hardware or software problem that requires professional assistance.

Test: Fundamentals of Computer- 1 - Question 10

The size of the monitor is determined by measuring the screen ______.

Detailed Solution for Test: Fundamentals of Computer- 1 - Question 10

To determine the size of a monitor, we measure the screen diagonally, from the top left corner to the bottom right corner. Here's a detailed explanation:
Diagonal Measurement:
- The size of a monitor is typically measured diagonally because it provides an accurate representation of the screen's actual size.
- The diagonal measurement is obtained by measuring the distance from the top left corner of the screen to the bottom right corner in a straight line.
- This measurement helps us understand the physical size of the screen and is commonly used to compare and select monitors.
Other Measurements:
- While diagonal measurement is the standard for determining monitor size, other measurements are also important for specific purposes.
- Vertical measurement refers to the distance from the top to the bottom of the screen, which is essential for understanding the screen's height.
- Horizontal measurement refers to the distance from the left to the right of the screen, which helps in determining the screen's width.
- However, these measurements alone do not provide a comprehensive understanding of the monitor's size.
Conclusion:
In conclusion, the size of a monitor is determined by measuring the screen diagonally, from the top left corner to the bottom right corner. This measurement provides an accurate representation of the screen's size and is commonly used for comparing and selecting monitors.
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