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Test: Case Brief: The Secretary, Ministry of Defence v. Babita Puniya and Ors. - Judiciary Exams MCQ


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10 Questions MCQ Test Important Acts and Laws for Judiciary Exams - Test: Case Brief: The Secretary, Ministry of Defence v. Babita Puniya and Ors.

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Test: Case Brief: The Secretary, Ministry of Defence v. Babita Puniya and Ors. - Question 1

What was the significant decision made by the Center in September 2008 regarding women officials in the military who were enrolled through the Short Service Commission (SSC)?

Detailed Solution for Test: Case Brief: The Secretary, Ministry of Defence v. Babita Puniya and Ors. - Question 1
The Center's decision in September 2008 involved granting permanent commission to Short Service Commission (SSC) women officials in certain branches of the military. This move was a significant step towards gender equality and inclusivity in the military forces, allowing these officials to serve in a more permanent capacity and have greater opportunities for career advancement.
Test: Case Brief: The Secretary, Ministry of Defence v. Babita Puniya and Ors. - Question 2

In which year did the strategic amendment take place that allowed SSC women officials to serve for a maximum of 14 years?

Detailed Solution for Test: Case Brief: The Secretary, Ministry of Defence v. Babita Puniya and Ors. - Question 2
The strategic amendment that permitted Short Service Commission (SSC) women officials to serve for a maximum of 14 years occurred in the year 2006. This change in policy extended the service duration for these officials, providing them with a longer period to contribute to the military and progress in their careers within the organization.
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Test: Case Brief: The Secretary, Ministry of Defence v. Babita Puniya and Ors. - Question 3

What directive was given by the Delhi High Court in March 2010 regarding SSC women officials in the Air Force and Army who had opted for permanent commission?

Detailed Solution for Test: Case Brief: The Secretary, Ministry of Defence v. Babita Puniya and Ors. - Question 3
In March 2010, the Delhi High Court directed the Defense Ministry to extend permanent commission benefits to Short Service Commission (SSC) women officials in the Air Force and Army who had opted for permanent commission but had not been granted the same. This directive aimed to address the issue of unequal treatment and ensure that eligible officials received the benefits they deserved for their service and dedication.
Test: Case Brief: The Secretary, Ministry of Defence v. Babita Puniya and Ors. - Question 4
What was emphasized in the court's interpretation of the 2019 policy decision regarding Permanent Commissions for women officers in the Army?
Detailed Solution for Test: Case Brief: The Secretary, Ministry of Defence v. Babita Puniya and Ors. - Question 4
The court's interpretation of the 2019 policy decision highlighted the emphasis on equality of opportunity for women officers, rooted in the principles of non-discrimination based on gender as per Article 15(1) of the Constitution and the guarantee of equal opportunities in public employment under Article 16(1).
Test: Case Brief: The Secretary, Ministry of Defence v. Babita Puniya and Ors. - Question 5
What constitutional aspect did the court criticize regarding the arguments presented by the Union of India in the case discussed?
Detailed Solution for Test: Case Brief: The Secretary, Ministry of Defence v. Babita Puniya and Ors. - Question 5
The court critiqued the arguments by the Union of India for perpetuating gender stereotypes and discrimination, particularly by assuming that women bear the sole responsibility of domestic duties. This critique was based on the principles of non-discrimination as enshrined in Article 15(1) of the Constitution.
Test: Case Brief: The Secretary, Ministry of Defence v. Babita Puniya and Ors. - Question 6
What did the court find constitutionally flawed in the notion of an "inherent psychological difference" between men and women as presented in the case?
Detailed Solution for Test: Case Brief: The Secretary, Ministry of Defence v. Babita Puniya and Ors. - Question 6
The court found the notion of an "inherent psychological difference" constitutionally flawed because it implied that women are inherently inferior, which goes against the principles of equality and non-discrimination based on gender as guaranteed by the Constitution.
Test: Case Brief: The Secretary, Ministry of Defence v. Babita Puniya and Ors. - Question 7
What constitutional principle is enshrined in Article 15(1) regarding discrimination?
Detailed Solution for Test: Case Brief: The Secretary, Ministry of Defence v. Babita Puniya and Ors. - Question 7
Article 15(1) of the Constitution of India upholds the principle of non-discrimination based on gender. This article prohibits discrimination on grounds of religion, race, caste, sex, or place of birth. It is a fundamental right that aims to promote equality and prevent discrimination in various spheres of public life.
Test: Case Brief: The Secretary, Ministry of Defence v. Babita Puniya and Ors. - Question 8
The guarantee of equal opportunities for all citizens in public employment is protected under which article of the Constitution?
Detailed Solution for Test: Case Brief: The Secretary, Ministry of Defence v. Babita Puniya and Ors. - Question 8
Article 16(1) of the Indian Constitution ensures the guarantee of equal opportunities for all citizens in matters of public employment. It prohibits discrimination in employment on grounds of religion, race, caste, sex, descent, place of birth, residence, or any of them. This provision aims to ensure equality of opportunity for all individuals seeking employment in the public sector.
Test: Case Brief: The Secretary, Ministry of Defence v. Babita Puniya and Ors. - Question 9
Why was the notion of an "inherent psychological difference" between men and women considered constitutionally flawed by the court?
Detailed Solution for Test: Case Brief: The Secretary, Ministry of Defence v. Babita Puniya and Ors. - Question 9
The court critiqued the notion of an "inherent psychological difference" between men and women as constitutionally flawed because it perpetuates gender stereotypes and discrimination. By implying that women are inherently inferior or have specific roles based on their gender, this notion goes against the principles of equality and non-discrimination enshrined in the Constitution. It reinforces harmful stereotypes that can limit opportunities for women in society.
Test: Case Brief: The Secretary, Ministry of Defence v. Babita Puniya and Ors. - Question 10
What long-term implications could the implementation of this ruling have on the overall culture and structure of the military?
Detailed Solution for Test: Case Brief: The Secretary, Ministry of Defence v. Babita Puniya and Ors. - Question 10
The implementation of this ruling could have profound long-term implications on the overall culture and structure of the military by fostering a more diverse and inclusive environment. By promoting gender equality and offering equal opportunities for career growth, the military stands to benefit from a broader talent pool, varied perspectives, and a more representative workforce, ultimately contributing to a stronger and more cohesive armed forces.
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