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In 1964, It became the first Indian circus to attend the USSR's International Circus Festival. They held shows at Moscow, Sochi and Yalta. It is:
Detailed Solution for Nitin Singhania Test: Indian Circus - Question 3
Gemini Circus: In 1951, Gemini circus came into existence at Bilimora in Gujarat. It was helmed by M. V. Shankaran, an ex-army man. A master aerialist and acrobat, he became popular as Gemini Shankarettan.
In 1964, Gemini Circus became the first Indian circus to attend the International Circus Festival in USSR. They held shows at Moscow, Sochi and Yalta. Gemini Circus also became the backdrop of many Indian movies such as Raj Kapoor's Mera Naam Joker.
Detailed Solution for Nitin Singhania Test: Indian Circus - Question 4
Great Bombay Circus: Started in 1920 by Baburao Kadam, it was initially known as Grand Bombay Circus. In 1947, K. M. Kunhikannan, the nephew of Keeleri Kunhikannan, merged his circus company with the Grand Bombay Circus and renamed it as Great Bombay Circus.
It became one of India's largest circus companies, with a troupe comprising 300 performers and 60 animals.
Which among the following are the reasons for the decline of India's circus industry?
1. Intensive training from childhood
2. Ban on the use of wild animals
3. It is generally seen as a dangerous profession
Choose from the following options.
Detailed Solution for Nitin Singhania Test: Indian Circus - Question 6
Some of the reasons for India's circus industry decline are as follows: Indian circus companies try to keep their trade a guarded secret. This has made it a hereditary affair and kept it within the confines of a select few.
This has prevented good managers from entering the circus business. The Indian circus companies feel that circus acrobatics require intensive training from childhood.
With the Supreme Court's ban on hiring children below the age of 14 in 2011, this limited the circus companies' resource pool. With India's government enforcing a ban on the use of wild animals for entertainment in 1997, a typical genre of performance and attraction for the audience ceased to exist.
Among the Indian masses, the circus is generally seen as a dangerous profession. So, families are unwilling to let their children choose it as a viable professional career. This has also prevented the development of dynasties of circus performers, unlike in the west. With access to world-class gymnastics and other forms of e-entertainments, the younger generation has lost interest in the traditional Indian circus. The circus companies also failed to match up to their expectations.
Which of the following is also called the Pride of India?
Detailed Solution for Nitin Singhania Test: Indian Circus - Question 8
Jumbo Circus: Jumbo Circus, "The Pride of India" is the largest Indian circus of modern times. It started in Bihar in 1977 and was later acquired by the Shankaran family. It generally included Russian acrobats and performers.
Detailed Solution for Nitin Singhania Test: Indian Circus - Question 9
The Great Indian circus was the first modern Indian circus, founded by Vishnupant Chatre, an accomplished equestrian and singer. It flourished under the Raja of Kurduwadi, under whom Chatre worked as a stable master.
The first performance of The Great Indian Circus was held on March 20, 1880, following which it toured extensively throughout the country and foreign shores such as Ceylon and South East Asia. He gained appreciation everywhere.
However, his tour to North America was a failure where he couldn't match his competitors' size and grandiose.
Detailed Solution for Nitin Singhania Test: Indian Circus - Question 10
India has a long tradition of street performers and artists who would go from town to town. However, circus in the modern sense of the term is fairly a new industry. According to Philin Astley, an English circus master, the first Indian circus was born around 1880.
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