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Spectrum Test: Expansion & Consolidation of British Power in India- 2


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Spectrum Test: Expansion & Consolidation of British Power in India- 2 - Question 1

What was the result of the Second Anglo Sikh war? 

1. Surrender of the Sikh army and Sher Singh 

2. Annexation of Punjab 

3. Setting up of three-member board to Governor Punjab 

Choose from the following options:

Detailed Solution for Spectrum Test: Expansion & Consolidation of British Power in India- 2 - Question 1  
  • At the end of the war came: the surrender of the Sikh army and Sher Singh in 1849; 

  • the annexation of Punjab; and for his services, the Earl of Dalhousie was given the thanks of the British Parliament and promotion in the peerage, 

  • as Marquess; setting up of a three-member board to govern Punjab, comprising the Lawrence brothers (Henry and John) and Charles Mansel. 

  • In 1853 the board was nullified and Punjab was placed under a chief commissioner. John Lawrence became the first chief commissioner.

Spectrum Test: Expansion & Consolidation of British Power in India- 2 - Question 2

Consider the following statements.

1. Warren Hastings followed the policy of ring-fence which aimed at creating buffer zones to defend the company's frontiers

2. Lord Wellesley abolished the ring-fence system and introduced a policy of subsidiary alliance in its place

Which of these statements is/are correct?

Detailed Solution for Spectrum Test: Expansion & Consolidation of British Power in India- 2 - Question 2  
  • Warren Hastings followed a policy of ring-fence which aimed at creating buffer zones to defend the Company's frontiers. Hence, statement 1 is correct.

  • Lord Wellesley introduced the policy of subsidiary Alliance as an extension of the Ring fence system which sought to reduce Indian states into a position of dependence on the British government. Hence, statement 2nd is incorrect. 

Spectrum Test: Expansion & Consolidation of British Power in India- 2 - Question 3

Consider the following statements. 

1. Lord Dalhousie annexed Awadh in 1856 after deposing Nawab Wajid Ali Shah on Grounds of misgovernance 

2. Dalhousie annexed 18 states during his 8-year tenure as governor-general 

Which of these statements is/are correct?

Detailed Solution for Spectrum Test: Expansion & Consolidation of British Power in India- 2 - Question 3  
  • Lord Dalhousie annexed Awadh in 1856 after deposing Nawab Wajid Ali Shah on grounds of misgovernment. Hence, statement 1 is correct.

  • Dalhousie annexed 8 states during his 8-year tenure as governor-general. Hence, statement 2nd is incorrect. 

Spectrum Test: Expansion & Consolidation of British Power in India- 2 - Question 4

Consider the following statements. 

1. The doctrine of lapse stated that the adopted son could be the heir to his foster father's private property 

2. Lord Dalhousie was its originator 

Which of these statements is/are not correct?

Detailed Solution for Spectrum Test: Expansion & Consolidation of British Power in India- 2 - Question 4

 

  • Lord Dalhousie was its originator. 

  • Though this policy is attributed to him. It was a coincidence that during his governor-generalship several important cases arose in which the “Doctrine'' could be applied. 

  • Dalhousie showed too much zeal in enforcing this policy which had been theoretically enunciated on some previous occasions. 

  • His predecessors had acted on the general principle of avoiding annexation if it could be avoided Dalhousie in turn acted on the general principle of annexing if he could do so legitimately.

  • As per Doctrine of Lapse, any adopted son of the Indian ruler could not be proclaimed as heir to the kingdom. The adopted son would only inherit his foster father’s personal property and estates.

 

Spectrum Test: Expansion & Consolidation of British Power in India- 2 - Question 5

Treaty of eternal friendship is associated with?

Detailed Solution for Spectrum Test: Expansion & Consolidation of British Power in India- 2 - Question 5  
  • Treaty of Eternal Friendship: In June 1807, the alliance of Tilsit with Alexander I of Russia was joined by Napoleon Bonaparte. The alliance had as one of its conditions a combined invasion of India by the land route

  • Sindh was visited by Nicholas Smith who met the Amirs to conclude a defensive arrangement. After negotiations, the Amirs agreed to a treaty--their first-ever treaty with the English. After professing eternal friendship, both sides agreed to exclude the French from Sindh and to exchange agents at each other's court.

Spectrum Test: Expansion & Consolidation of British Power in India- 2 - Question 6

According to the Treaty of Yandabo, the Government of Burma had to 

1. Pay Rupees 1 crore as war compensation 

2. Abandon claims on Assam, Cachar, and Jaintia 

3. Recognise Manipur as an independent state 

4. Negotiate a commercial treaty with Britain 

Which of these statements is/are correct?

Detailed Solution for Spectrum Test: Expansion & Consolidation of British Power in India- 2 - Question 6  
  • First Burma War (1824-26) The first war with Burma was fought when the Burmese expansion westwards and occupation of Arakan and Manipur, and the threat to Assam and the Brahmaputra Valley led to continuous friction along the ill-defined border between Bengal and Burma, in the opening decades of the nineteenth century. 

  • The British expeditionary forces occupied Rangoon in May 1824 and reached within 72 km of the capital at Ava.

  • Peace was established in 1826 with the Treaty of Yandabo which provided that the Government of Burma 

  1. pay rupees one crore as war compensation

  2. cede its coastal provinces of Arakan and Tenasserim;

  3. abandon claims on Assam, Cachar, and Jaintia;

  4. recognize Manipur as an independent state;

  5. negotiate a commercial treaty with Britain;

  6. accept a British resident at Ava, while posting a Burmese envoy at Calcutta.

Spectrum Test: Expansion & Consolidation of British Power in India- 2 - Question 7

Consider the following statements 

1. Durand agreement (1893) failed to keep peace and soon there were tribal uprisings 

2. Lord Curzon followed the policy of withdrawal and concentration 

Which of these statements is/are correct?

Detailed Solution for Spectrum Test: Expansion & Consolidation of British Power in India- 2 - Question 7  
  • During 1891-92 the British occupation of Hunza, Nagar in Gilgit valley, which passed commanding communications with Chitral, alarmed Abdur Rahman (Amir of Afghanistan). A compromise was finally reached by drawing a boundary line known as the Durand Line between Afghan and British territories. 

  • Amir received some districts and his subsidy was increased. But the Durand Agreement (1893) failed to keep peace and soon there were tribal uprisings. 

  • Curzon, the viceroy between 1899 and 1905, followed a policy of withdrawal and concentration. British troops withdrew from advanced posts which were replaced by tribal levies, trained and commanded by British officers. 

Spectrum Test: Expansion & Consolidation of British Power in India- 2 - Question 8

Who was the Governor-General of India at the time of Annexation of Sindh (1843)?

Detailed Solution for Spectrum Test: Expansion & Consolidation of British Power in India- 2 - Question 8 Lord Ellenborough 1842-1844 (1) Annexation of Sindh (1843). (ii) War with Gwalior (1843). 

Spectrum Test: Expansion & Consolidation of British Power in India- 2 - Question 9

Consider the following statements. 

1. Treaty of Amritsar was significant for its immediate as well as potential effects 

2. It accepted the river Jhelum as the boundary line for Ranjit Singh's Dominions and the company's 

Which of these statements is/are correct?

Detailed Solution for Spectrum Test: Expansion & Consolidation of British Power in India- 2 - Question 9  
  • Treaty of Amritsar: Treaty of Amritsar The Treaty of Amritsar was significant for its immediate as well as potential effects. 

  • It checked one of the most cherished ambitions of Ranjit Singh to extend his rule over the entire Sikh nation by accepting the river Sutlej as the boundary line for his dominions and the Company. 

Spectrum Test: Expansion & Consolidation of British Power in India- 2 - Question 10

Treat of Lhasa (1904) is associated with

Detailed Solution for Spectrum Test: Expansion & Consolidation of British Power in India- 2 - Question 10 Treaty of Lhasa (1904): Tibet would pay an indemnity of Rs 75 lakh at the rate of one lakh rupees per annum as security for payment, the Indian Government occupied the Chumbi Valley (territory between Bhutan and Sikkim) for 75 years.
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