Test: Beginning Of European Commerce - 1


30 Questions MCQ Test History for UPSC (Civil Services) Prelims | Test: Beginning Of European Commerce - 1


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QUESTION: 1

Match the following:

Solution:

(1) In 1668, Francis Caron set up a french factory at surat. 
(2) In 1669, Marcara was successful to set up a another french factory at masulipatnam.
(3) Francois Martin is the person who acquired site of pondicherry from Muslim government led by sher Khan in 1673. Later in 1674, the french accepted pondicherry as their capital . Matin is first governor general of pondicherry.
(4) Lenoir is the second french governor.

QUESTION: 2

Who is the first President of the Council of Fort William?

Solution:

The correct option is B.
Sir Charles Eyre, and the title that was held till 1774 was President in the Bay and Governor and Commander-in-Chief of Fort William in Bengal for the United East India Company.

QUESTION: 3

When and to whom did the Danes sell all their settlements in India?

Solution:
Danish India was the name given to the colonies of Denmark (Denmark–Norway before 1813) in India, forming part of the Danish colonial empire. Denmark-Norway held colonial possessions in India for more than 200 years, including the town of Tharangambadi in present-day Tamil Nadu state, Serampore in present-day West Bengal, and the Nicobar Islands, currently part of India's union territory of the Andaman and Nicobar Islands. The Danish presence in India was of little significance to the major European powers as they presented neither a military nor a mercantile threat. Dano-Norwegian ventures in India, as elsewhere, were typically undercapitalised and never able to dominate or monopolise trade routes in the same way that the companies of Portugal, the Netherlands and Britain couldi. Against all odds however they managed to cling to their colonial holdings, and at times, to carve out a valuable niche in international trade by taking advantage of wars between larger countries and offering foreign trade under a neutral flag.For this reason their presence was tolerated until 1845, when their alliance with a defeated France led to the colony being ceded to the British East Indian company.
QUESTION: 4

What is the historical sequence of the establishment of the following French factories?

I. Mahe
II. Surat
III. Masulipatnam
IV. Pondichery.

Solution:
QUESTION: 5

Arrange the following chronologically:

I. Fracois Martin
II. Lenoir
III. Dumas
IV. Dupleix
V. Count de Lally

Solution:
QUESTION: 6

At which of the following places on the West coast the English had their factories?

I. Baroda
II. Bassein
III. Salsette
IV. Broach
V. Ahmedabad

Solution:
QUESTION: 7

Who was General Augier?

Solution:
QUESTION: 8

Why did it become essential for European powers to find an alternative route to India in the fifteenth century?
I. It was dictated by the mercantilist policies followed by European nations.
II. Most trade routes were blocked because the Turks controlled them.
III. They bought goods from the Turks by paying several times the original prices.

Solution:
QUESTION: 9

The Portuguese sailor Vasco-de-Gama was the first to reach India when he landed at the port of Calicut in

Solution:
QUESTION: 10

Vasco-de-Gama established friendly relations with the Zamorin who was the ruler of

Solution:
QUESTION: 11

Most European powers reached India after crossing the

Solution:

The answer is (C) Cape of Good Hope, because the European came to India by land from Iraq, Saudi Arabia then Saudi Arabia and Iraq are wanted to European by this land to India then the Vasco The Gama came to India from Portugal by water way from Cape of Good Hope so all European come from this way to India.

QUESTION: 12

The Portuguese built their first fort on Indian soil in the territory of the Raja of

Solution:
QUESTION: 13

Who was appointed as the first Viceroy of the Portuguese possessions in India?

Solution:
QUESTION: 14

When the Portuguese arrived in India, most of the Indian trade was in the hand of the Arabs who

Solution:
QUESTION: 15

The resistance from Arab traders was completely crushed by the Portuguese under 

Solution:

Correct Answer:A

Albuquerque left Lisbon with Tristão da Cunha in April 1506 to explore the east coast of Africa and build a fortress on the island of Socotra to block the mouth of the Red Sea and cut off Arab trade with India.

QUESTION: 16

In the sixteenth century bulk of the Portuguese trade was with

Solution:

The correct option is A.
 it was also decided that Vijayanagar will help the Portuguese to build ships and forts anywhere except Bhaktal.

QUESTION: 17

Which of the following died in 1515 and was buried at Goa?

Solution:
QUESTION: 18

The foundation of the Portuguese maritime empire in India was truely laid under Albuquerque when

Solution:
QUESTION: 19

During the period when the Portuguese had commercial links with India the rulers in India enjoyed a monopoly over

Solution:
QUESTION: 20

With the coming of the Portuguese the complexion of Indian trade changed in the sense that

Solution:
QUESTION: 21

The Portuguese attempt to control the seaborne trade of the Indian sub-continent was made partially ineffective through

Solution:
QUESTION: 22

Which one of the following statements does correctly illustrate that the Portuguese landing in India was fortunate both as to place and time?

Solution:
QUESTION: 23

The centre of Portuguese power in India was

Solution:

The correct option is A.
Alfonso de Albuquerque who replaced Almeida as the governor in 1509 AD, and captured Goa from the Sultan of Bijapur in 1510 AD is considered the real founder of the Portuguese power in India. Goa subsequently became the headquarters of the Portuguese settlements in India.

QUESTION: 24

Which is true about the Portuguese in India?

Solution:
QUESTION: 25

Which crop was introduced in India by the Portuguese?

Solution:
QUESTION: 26

The main aim of the Dutch was to

Solution:
QUESTION: 27

The United East India Company of the Netherlands was established in

Solution:

The correct option is C.
Dutch East India Company, byname of United East India Company, Dutch Vereenigde Oost-Indische Compagnie, trading company founded in the Dutch Republic (present-day Netherlands) in 1602 to protect that state's trade in the Indian Ocean and to assist in the Dutch war of independence from Spain.

QUESTION: 28

The Dutch established themselves at Masulipatam after obtaining a farman from the ruler of

Solution:
QUESTION: 29

The Dutch had a stronger navy than the Portuguese. Nevertheless, the Dutch soon  realized that it was difficult to trade profitably in pepper and spices in the east without the aid of

Solution:
QUESTION: 30

Which was the main centre of Dutch trade in the Coromandal until the headquarters were shifted to Negapatam in 1690?

Solution: