Test: Forest Society & Colonialism - 4


30 Questions MCQ Test History for UPSC (Civil Services) Prelims | Test: Forest Society & Colonialism - 4


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This mock test of Test: Forest Society & Colonialism - 4 for UPSC helps you for every UPSC entrance exam. This contains 30 Multiple Choice Questions for UPSC Test: Forest Society & Colonialism - 4 (mcq) to study with solutions a complete question bank. The solved questions answers in this Test: Forest Society & Colonialism - 4 quiz give you a good mix of easy questions and tough questions. UPSC students definitely take this Test: Forest Society & Colonialism - 4 exercise for a better result in the exam. You can find other Test: Forest Society & Colonialism - 4 extra questions, long questions & short questions for UPSC on EduRev as well by searching above.
QUESTION: 1

The Imperial Forest Research Institute was set up in :

Solution:

The "imperial forest research institute" was set up in "Dehradun in 1906", based on suggestion from German forest expert "Dietrich Brandis", who later "became the inspector" general of the forest in India. This was developed under the council of forest research and education.

QUESTION: 2

This river ____________ flows through Bastar.

Solution:
QUESTION: 3

Fee paid by people from one village to another

Solution:

The correct option is A.
 If people from a village want to take some wood from the forest of another village, they pay a small fee called devsari, dand or man in exchange

QUESTION: 4

Sarnas are _____________.

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QUESTION: 5

The Forest Act meant severe hardship for the villagers across the country, because:

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QUESTION: 6

When did the first rebellion take place in Bastar ?

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QUESTION: 7

 The Imperial Forest Research Institute was set up in :

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QUESTION: 8

Why does the story of the forests and people of Bastar not end with the rebellion of 1910 ?

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QUESTION: 9

Which of the following problems were faced by the people of Bastar under the colonial government ?

Solution:
QUESTION: 10

What do you mean by deforestation ?

Solution:
QUESTION: 11

How much part of India's land mass was under cultivation in 1600 AD ?

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QUESTION: 12

What was the ‘scorched earth’ policy followed by the Dutch in Java during the First and the Second World Wars ?

Solution:

Forests are affected by wars because forest products are used for fulfilling various needs and requirement during war. In the case of India, during the First World War and the Second World War the forest department cut trees freely to meet British war needs.   During the Second World War in Java just before the Japanese occupied the region, the Dutch followed 'a scorched Earth policy', destroying sawmills and burning huge piles of giant teak logs so that they did not fall into Japanese hands.   The Japanese exploited the forests recklessly for their war industries, forcing villagers to cut down forests. Many villagers took this opportunity to expand cultivation in the forests. Thus, wars also led to destruction of forests.

QUESTION: 13

What was the policy followed by the British in India towards forests during the First and the Second World Wars ?

Solution:
QUESTION: 14

Which plantation was the most important during the colonial period ?

Solution:

Darjeeling had been the first location in Colonial Bengal to have been penetrated by the tea plantation on a large scale since the mid of the nineteenth century. In the initial years, the growth was simply phenomenal in the wake of large colonial capital investment.

QUESTION: 15

Out of three categories, which forests were regarded as the best ?

Solution:
QUESTION: 16

The new forest laws changed the lives of forest dwellers in yet another way. What was it ?

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QUESTION: 17

Large areas of natural forests were also cleared to make way for which of these ?

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QUESTION: 18

What were the best forests called ?

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QUESTION: 19

Which of these trade regulations in colonial India had serious effects on pastoralist and nomadic communities ?

Solution:

D is the correct option.Nomadic pastoralism is a form of pastoralism when livestock are herded in order to find fresh pastures on which to graze. Due to the trade regulations in the colonial India Many communities became slave labourers in tea and coffee plantations, Some of them were called criminal tribes and Grazing and hunting were restricted and many communities lost their livelihood

QUESTION: 20

Why did the cultivated area in India rise between 1880 and 1920?

Solution:

The correct option is C.
British directly encouraged the production of commercial crops like jute, sugar, wheat, and cotton. The demand for these crops increased in 19th century Europe where food grains were needed to feed the growing urban population and raw materials were required for industrial production.

QUESTION: 21

The disapperance of forests is referred to as -

Solution:
QUESTION: 22

Who was the first Inspector General of forest in India - 

Solution:
QUESTION: 23

When was the Indian Forest Service setup ?           

Solution:

The modern Indian Forest Service was established in 1966, after independence, under the All India Services Act 1951. The first Inspector General of Forests, Hari Singh, was instrumental in the development of the IFS.

QUESTION: 24

Which Kingdom of Java spilt into two kingdoms ?           

Solution:

Mataram Kingdom (c. 752–1006), a Hindu-Buddhist kingdom in Java,The historic region of Central Java, used to identify the fertile plain south of Mount Merapi, roughly corresponds to the modern Special Region of Yogyakarta.

QUESTION: 25

Where was the Imperial Forest Research Institute setup in India ?           

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QUESTION: 26

Where is Bastar located ?           

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QUESTION: 27

When did Surontiko Samin start a movement against state outership of forest ?           

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QUESTION: 28

Where did Bastar Rebellion started ?           

Solution:

B is the correct option.The terrible famines in 1899–1900 and again in 1907–1908 made the life of people miserable. They blamed colonial rule for their sorry plight. The initiative of rebellion was taken by the Dhurwas of the “Kanger” forest, where reservation first took place. Gunda Dhur was an important leader of the rebellion.

QUESTION: 29

Under which forest act, forest was divided into three categories ?           

Solution:
QUESTION: 30

Gundadhar was an inhabitant of ....... village -           

Solution: