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Test: How, When & Where- 2 - UPSC MCQ


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20 Questions MCQ Test NCERT Textbooks (Class 6 to Class 12) - Test: How, When & Where- 2

Test: How, When & Where- 2 for UPSC 2024 is part of NCERT Textbooks (Class 6 to Class 12) preparation. The Test: How, When & Where- 2 questions and answers have been prepared according to the UPSC exam syllabus.The Test: How, When & Where- 2 MCQs are made for UPSC 2024 Exam. Find important definitions, questions, notes, meanings, examples, exercises, MCQs and online tests for Test: How, When & Where- 2 below.
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Test: How, When & Where- 2 - Question 1

Why do some countries, including India, adopt the use of 'CE' and 'BCE' in dating systems?

Detailed Solution for Test: How, When & Where- 2 - Question 1

Countries, like India, have adopted the terms 'CE' (Common Era) and 'BCE' (Before Common Era) to standardize dating systems globally. This shift aims to promote inclusivity and cultural neutrality in historical chronology, reflecting a more universal approach to representing dates. By using 'CE' and 'BCE,' these countries align with international practices and facilitate cross-cultural understanding in a diverse world.

Test: How, When & Where- 2 - Question 2

What is the significance of using 'CE' and 'BCE' instead of 'AD' and 'BC' in dating systems?

Detailed Solution for Test: How, When & Where- 2 - Question 2

The terms 'CE' and 'BCE' stand for 'Common Era' and 'Before Common Era,' respectively. They are used as a secular alternative to 'AD' (Anno Domini) and 'BC' (Before Christ) to provide a more inclusive and neutral dating system. This change in terminology reflects a shift towards a universal calendar system that is not tied to any specific religious beliefs.

Test: How, When & Where- 2 - Question 3

What do the letters 'AD' stand for when used before dates?

Detailed Solution for Test: How, When & Where- 2 - Question 3

The letters 'AD' stand for "Anno Domini," which is a Latin term meaning 'in the year of the Lord' (i.e., Christ). This term is commonly used to refer to years after the birth of Jesus Christ. It is essential to understand this abbreviation when interpreting historical timelines and events in relation to the Christian calendar.

Test: How, When & Where- 2 - Question 4

How are years typically counted in relation to the birth of Jesus Christ in the dating system?

Detailed Solution for Test: How, When & Where- 2 - Question 4

Years are typically counted from the birth of Jesus Christ in the dating system. For example, the year 2000 signifies 2000 years after the birth of Christ. This method helps establish a common reference point for dating historical events and timelines.

Test: How, When & Where- 2 - Question 5

In the dating system, what does the year 1 BC indicate?

Detailed Solution for Test: How, When & Where- 2 - Question 5

The year 1 BC indicates the year immediately before AD 1 in the dating system related to the birth of Jesus Christ. This system uses the year 1 BC as the year that comes right before the start of the AD (Anno Domini) era.

Test: How, When & Where- 2 - Question 6

How are dates typically referenced in relation to the birth of Jesus Christ?

Detailed Solution for Test: How, When & Where- 2 - Question 6

Dates are usually referenced in relation to the birth of Jesus Christ by being counted forwards. For instance, the year 2000 means 2000 years after the birth of Christ, while dates before his birth are counted backwards.

Test: How, When & Where- 2 - Question 7

What does the term "BC" stand for when used in reference to dates?

Detailed Solution for Test: How, When & Where- 2 - Question 7

The term "BC" stands for "Before Christ" when used in reference to dates. It is a way to indicate years that occurred before the birth of Jesus Christ. This dating system uses the year 1 BC as the year immediately before AD 1.

Test: How, When & Where- 2 - Question 8

What is the main reason for using the term "pasts" in the title "Our Pasts"?

Detailed Solution for Test: How, When & Where- 2 - Question 8

The term "pasts" in the title "Our Pasts" is used to draw attention to the fact that the past was different for different groups of people. It highlights the idea that the lives of various groups, such as herders, farmers, kings, queens, merchants, and craftspersons, were diverse and distinct. This term underscores the importance of recognizing and understanding the varied experiences and perspectives of different groups throughout history.

Test: How, When & Where- 2 - Question 9

What term do historians often use to describe the information obtained from manuscripts, inscriptions, and archaeology?

Detailed Solution for Test: How, When & Where- 2 - Question 9

Historians frequently use the term "sources" to describe the information gleaned from manuscripts, inscriptions, and archaeological discoveries. These sources serve as vital pieces of evidence that enable historians to delve into the past and construct narratives that shed light on historical events, cultures, and societies.

Test: How, When & Where- 2 - Question 10

What do historians and archaeologists use as clues to unravel information about the past?

Detailed Solution for Test: How, When & Where- 2 - Question 10

Historians and archaeologists use sources like manuscripts, inscriptions, and archaeological findings as clues to uncover details about the past. By carefully analyzing these sources, they piece together historical narratives, akin to detectives solving mysteries, to reconstruct the events and lives of bygone eras.

Test: How, When & Where- 2 - Question 11

Pick out the statement that does not justify the significance of a timeline in History.

Detailed Solution for Test: How, When & Where- 2 - Question 11

Timelines are often used in history textbooks and biographies — they explain what happened during a certain period of time or to a particular person, starting with the earliest event and moving forward through time. Your own personal timeline, for example, might begin with your birth. Many timelines are represented graphically by an actual line that's dotted with points representing important events.

Test: How, When & Where- 2 - Question 12

What kind of records did kings often keep in ancient times?

Detailed Solution for Test: How, When & Where- 2 - Question 12

Kings often kept records of their victories in battle in ancient times. These records served to glorify their achievements, showcase their military prowess, and reinforce their power and authority among their subjects and neighboring kingdoms.

Test: How, When & Where- 2 - Question 13

What kind of substances are objects usually made of to ensure their survival for a long time?

Detailed Solution for Test: How, When & Where- 2 - Question 13

Objects made of hard, imperishable substances like stone, bone, baked clay, or metal usually survive for a long time due to their durability. These materials have a higher chance of preservation over extended periods, aiding archaeologists in their study of past civilizations.

Test: How, When & Where- 2 - Question 14

What were inscriptions typically written on in ancient times?

Detailed Solution for Test: How, When & Where- 2 - Question 14

In ancient times, inscriptions were typically written on relatively hard surfaces such as stone or metal. Kings and rulers often had important decrees or orders inscribed on durable materials to ensure that they were visible, readable, and obeyed by the people.

Test: How, When & Where- 2 - Question 15

Where were many manuscripts often preserved over the years?

Detailed Solution for Test: How, When & Where- 2 - Question 15

Many manuscripts were preserved over the years in temples and monasteries. These religious institutions often acted as repositories for ancient texts, safeguarding them from destruction and ensuring their survival for future generations.

Test: How, When & Where- 2 - Question 16

What were manuscripts primarily written on in ancient times?

Detailed Solution for Test: How, When & Where- 2 - Question 16

Manuscripts in ancient times were primarily written on palm leaf or on the specially prepared bark of a tree known as the birch, which grows in the Himalayas. These materials were commonly used for writing and preserving important texts.

Test: How, When & Where- 2 - Question 17

Which term was originally used for the country before it was associated with a specific group of people?

Detailed Solution for Test: How, When & Where- 2 - Question 17

The term "Bharata" was initially used for a group of people living in the northwest as mentioned in the Rigveda. Over time, this term transitioned to represent the country as a whole, signifying a shift from a specific group to a broader national identity.

Test: How, When & Where- 2 - Question 18

What was the name used by the Iranians and Greeks for the Indus River?

Detailed Solution for Test: How, When & Where- 2 - Question 18

The Iranians and Greeks referred to the Indus River as "Indos" or "Hindos" when they traveled through the northwest region around 2500 years ago. This alternate naming eventually led to the term "India" being used to describe the land east of the river.

Test: How, When & Where- 2 - Question 19

What is the origin of the word "India"?

Detailed Solution for Test: How, When & Where- 2 - Question 19

The word "India" is derived from the river name "Indus," known as "Sindhu" in Sanskrit. This term was used by the Iranians and Greeks who traveled through the northwest region around 2500 years ago. They referred to the land east of the Indus River as India, thus giving rise to the name.

Test: How, When & Where- 2 - Question 20

What role did the natural frontiers play in shaping the cultural interactions among people in the subcontinent?

Detailed Solution for Test: How, When & Where- 2 - Question 20

The natural frontiers, such as hills, mountains, and seas, fostered unity and cooperation among people in the subcontinent. While these frontiers posed challenges to cross, they did not prevent people from different regions from interacting, exchanging ideas, and sharing cultural practices. This facilitated a diverse cultural exchange that enriched the traditions of the subcontinent over time.

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